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tv   Suspicions Tensions  Al Jazeera  February 6, 2018 4:00am-5:00am +03

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more than seven decades ago a country was split into a good but. they only took was a pain a man and a collapsing empire when the british had to draw a line they pulled its seven to the never been to india before al-jazeera examines the violence of india and pakistan and asks what the future holds for these nuclear neighbors partition borders of blood at this time. i'm about as in in doha the top stories on al-jazeera the u.s. is accusing russia of blocking a u.n. security council statement condemning the use of chemical weapons by the syrian government the us ambassador nikki haley says there's obvious evidence of recent
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chlorine gas attacks by the assad regime but russia is accusing the u.s. of waging a propaganda campaign al-jazeera has diplomatic editor james bass reports from the united nations. the attack was brazen and blatant at least eleven people were treated after an airstrike in syria chlorine was probably used this the latest in a series of what seem to have been chemical attacks it led to a war of words in the security council a meeting you were not supposed to see this regular monthly session on the issue is usually held behind closed doors but an angry us ambassador demanded it was made public nikki haley condemned russia for not even agreeing to a press statement on the latest attacks if we can't even take the first step of a stab us in accountability for chemical weapons use we have to seriously ask ourselves why we are here russia which is used its veto to avoid action on this
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issue was strongly criticized by ambassador hailey and by her french and british colleagues it's some bastard of vaseline a benzema hit back for which you didn't statements by these representatives as always contain very little truth mixed with mountains of lies and will do the. where is the presumption of innocence prior to any investigation you are accusing the so-called regime quote unquote with that point here appeared to ignore clear facts in twenty fifteen the un security council unanimously decided to create a joint investigative mechanism or jim to work out exactly who was guilty of chemical weapons use it concluded that in four cases the assad government was responsible for using chemical weapons soon afterwards russia used its veto to stop the renewal of the gym leaving the security council powerless does it just not
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highlight the importance of the security council i think you are very right. the fact that these the use of chemical weapons continues time and again in syria is a challenge to the very authority of the security council the security council continues to talk but on this issue is unable to act the continuing sporadic chemical attacks underlining its weakness and undermining the international consensus against the use of some of the world's most hideous weapons james plays out zira of the united nations agencies say displaced syrians at risk of being forced to return home despite the fighting a new report says gains by the syrian government are giving a false impression that many areas a stable enough to go back to their warning governments in europe the u.s. and the region not to force them to leave stock markets have suffered serious
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losses on monday with concerns over a possible rise in u.s. interest rates seen as the main cause the dow jones index crashing down through the twenty five thousand mark wiping out all the gains it made over the past month the u.s. house intelligence committee has voted to go public with a memo prepared by the committee's democrats as a rebuttal to a controversial republican document released on friday democrats said the memo undermines allegations by president donald trump that the f.b.i. abused its powers in investigating his campaign a stand off between the maldives president and its supreme court appears to be deepening security forces have broken into the court hours after a fifteen day state of emergency was declared by president abdullah yeah i mean to top judges have been arrested there mean has been angered by an order from the court to release nine leading opposition figures. the only surviving suspect from the twenty fifteen paris attacks has faced
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a belgian court he's charged with attempted murder for trying to kill police joining a shootout in brussels nearly two years ago those are the headlines the news continues here on al-jazeera after a struggle over the nile. the novel. the world's longest river. a seven thousand kilometers a lifeline for almost four hundred million people.
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flowing north the nile runs through ten countries. the highlands in the heart of africa to the shores of the mediterranean sea. a source of sustenance but also one of tension even potential conflict. the nile is the key to a geopolitical rivalry in the region. at its heart is egypt. with suspicions about former enemies. and tensions with an age old civilization and reveal deep seated fears about water scarcity and losing control of the river nile .
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alexandria egypt's main city on the mediterranean. here in march one thousand nine hundred three the founder of political zionism disembarked on a special mission. theodore hurt souls goal was to secure a homeland for the jews. one year earlier he had petitioned for such a homeland to be allowed in palestine then part of the ottoman empire. the request was rejected by sultan abdul hamid the second. so hurtful took a contingency plan to egypt. a country then under british occupation.
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some british officials floated the idea and tercel even initially toyed with the idea of accepting a small temporary jewish. entity zionist entity in northern sinai around l r reshma the zionist said well it's a step from there to palestine so it brings us closer to the homeland. the plan involved the first phase settlement in the sinai of some twenty thousand jewish immigrants to be followed by successive numbers to total one hundred thousand. there was plenty of space in the sinai desert but the area lacked one basic element of life water. however proposed a remarkable solution to divert some of the nile waters to the desert region. yeah this settlement was going to need water. plan was for the water to be carried
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from a branch of the nile via pipelines under the su is can now and. the water would then travel over one hundred fifty kilometers to the settle. the british high commissioner in egypt. rejected her proposal. egypt at that time was the main source of cotton for the british textile industry. irrigation engineers warned that diverting the nile waters would damage egypt's cotton production and therefore affect british economic interests. the idea of a jewish homeland in the sinai was never implemented. but over seventy years later plans to divert the nile waters reemerged. in november one thousand nine hundred seventy seven egyptian president anwar sadat arrived at tel of the ben-gurion airport.
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to visit mark the start of peace negotiations between so that and the israeli prime minister menachem begun. israel was in a strong bargaining position occupying the sinai jerusalem the west bank gaza and the golan heights. so that wanted the arab land back but had fewer bargaining chips. he definitely wanted at the prince of peace but i think two things. affected that is that is a. big. a very devious policy. western in the past you know he. and president was under pressure. in the ongoing negotiations said that aware of israel's water needs knew he held at
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least one strong card the river nile. in december one thousand nine hundred seventy nine the egyptian magazine october known to be a mouthpiece for sadat published a sensational report the headline on the front page read the nile to reach jerusalem. they article reported that sadat had ordered blueprints prepared for the construction of a canal to carry the nile waters to israel in exchange for a comprehensive peace agreement in the middle east. where there were these dreams about you know egyptian israeli cooperation and peace will be prevailed in this region and you know people's thought that. there are no limits or. some people start thinking in these terms you know the denial should be use for sinai peninsula and also to israel.
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and the people of. the two countries made peace but any plan to divert the nile to israel never materialized. to this day many gyptian believe the reported offer was more a negotiating ploy than a meaningful proposition. that. this was a good trick played by said that. he gave the israelis false hope in order to secure the signing of the peace accord was said to him he did the but he never planned to implement the nile offered by the neck with us. but the nile waters were eventually diverted. in january one thousand nine hundred ninety seven so that successor. officially opened the tunnel carrying nile waters under the suez canal. the waters flowed into the so-called peace can now extending into
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the sinai some egyptians suspected israel might be the ultimate destination of the canal. at the inauguration ceremony mubarak seemed to address such suspicions. musher on parsley well my. dinner dish had them all you know how did them i am under much analysts are. today the peace canal runs eighty kilometers eastwards into sinai. that allows for the irrigation and development of farmland reclaimed from the desert. the idea of diverting the nile to the sinai first proposed by theodore heard so is now a reality. just
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one hundred fifteen kilometers from the end of the canal and across egypt's international border is the negev desert. forming over half of israel's total land area. the negev as a land thirsty for water. these railways of salt to manage their limited water sources and deny the need for the extension of the peace going out saying it would be surplus to requirement if you're talking about the relation between the now and the. relations and we don't see that we are going to use this water in the future we solve our own poems in the negative in the cells and has no connection with them. faced with a water shortage and looking to reclaim the desert israel has needed to find
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innovative solutions. israel is the world leader in official water use in agriculture more crop per drop using. say drip irrigation other technologies that techniques and the technologies that are here are being utilized elsewhere in the china south america africa wherever you go you will find israeli technology basically use in agriculture. i am i had them. i israel's ambassador to kenya. arrives to a warm welcome from local farmers in the village of garroting on the outskirts of nairobi he's clear on his assignment. their idea the basic idea is to assist the communities of farmers to achieve much more you much more crops with less
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labor with less water and even with less fertilizers and pesticides as. these women farmers are beneficiaries of this assistance. by passing on its know how and donating equipment israel is empowering local communities in africa and winning friends. we're so impressed me them because they identify the ends who go right down to see the needs of the people and so for us in this village we have very happy. but others in africa believe that israel's presence there particularly in upstream nile countries like kenya has more to do with politics than an aid. society here is. israel is not a charity. it seeks to harm egypt there was nothing new in that
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the mist says it's the nature of israeli politics and if it didn't operate in that way. then it would not be easier for. them since its establishment in one nine hundred forty eight surrounded by hostile arab neighbors israel has sought friends where it can. in africa israel built relations with newly independent known arab states. egypt grew increasingly concerned about israel's activities on the continent. they suspected the israelis of trying to politically outflank egypt by befriending countries that could influence the flow with egypt's lifeline the river nile. am i laugh at how historically the most important relationships israel built on the
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african continent were at uganda ethiopia kenya india. and it's no coincidence that all of them are upstream countries where the nile originates they did build relationships with other countries but the river nile was the major factor behind the formation of israeli policy and strategy. the. president asked her of the united arab republic arrives in style i got all the summit meeting in march neutralised african leaders. but israel faced tough competition for friends in africa. egyptian president jamal abdel nasser was also building allies of his own in the region. his struggle for independence and non-alignment resonated with many africans. in one thousand nine hundred sixty. egypt became one of the founding member states of the organization of african unity.
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following the nine hundred sixty seven war the organization condemned israel's occupation of parts of egypt and other arab countries and demanded the withdrawal of israeli troops from all occupied arab territories. the african view of israel is a small struggling country that pose no threat began to change. israel was very weak for and clearly it couldn't do anything about it gyptian role in africa. shortly after the arab israeli war in october one thousand nine hundred seventy three the majority of african countries severed relations with israel. nasser successor anwar sadat failed to capitalize on africa's strategic shift away
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from israel. so they didn't want to just follow in nasser's footsteps he wanted to blaze his own trail. he chose to focus on building relations with the west and securing peace with israel he turned his back on the pan african policies nasser had pursued. almost going to. egypt once played a commanding role in africa but in the one nine hundred seventy s. egypt neglected this role and who wouldn't this resulted in the bush drawl of egypt's presence in africa countries there started to think egypt had abandoned them. or barak followed a similar strategy to his predecessor. in one thousand nine hundred five an event took place that would set the seal on the bar of turning away from africa.
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in june of that year arriving in the ethiopian capital addis ababa to attend an african summit. mubarak's motorcade was ambushed by islamist militants here on the airport road. mubarak's bullet proof car saved his life his body guard shot dead the gunman. following this attack and for the rest of his term in office mubarak chose to send ministers or delegates to african summits rather than attending himself. egypt's friends in the region believe this presidential absence was a strategic error allowing israel to once again gain a political foothold in africa. as a poet once said document our enemies do not break through our borders instead they crawled like ants through our weaknesses.
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by the nine hundred ninety s. many of the upstream nile basin countries had reestablished diplomatic relations with israel. and reopened their embassies in tel aviv. today israel is building on these relations here on the outskirts of tel aviv these trainees from africa are learning innovative agricultural techniques to take back to their countries. the. training is sponsored by the center for international cooperation known as masha part of israel's foreign ministry you know. what we are focusing. most of our work is really in africa probably about forty percent of our resources and mostly towards food security guard should water
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related issues. beyond training programs in israel. also takes its aid overseas. back in the kenyan village of karate women farmers grow fresh produce in a greenhouse donated by musharraf. the green house which enables the women to earn a living was officially donated to them by israeli foreign minister avigdor lieberman. lieberman arrived in africa in september two thousand and nine at the head of a large entourage even started five african states including three of the upstream
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nile basin countries kenya uganda and ethiopia. the minister came with a big economic delegation representatives of more than twenty of the biggest israeli companies we had business seminars with business meetings and we see a very very big follow up in terms of business the. opportunities for investment. lieberman was the first israeli foreign minister to go on an african tour since the one nine hundred sixty s. thank you i mean the sight of lieberman making friends and doing deals in the nile upstream countries around concern in egypt. egyptians were once again worried these rallies were meddling in their backyard in . region holding the source of the nile. the
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african countries lieberman visited dismissed egyptian suspicions stating the visit was strictly business. and. not the dictating. government foreign minister has a paid. visit it came here not to us wanted to reduce. it to give to simple it is a government through government business and i think it's. but egyptian fears were not so easily appeased. lieberman's visit coincided with a particularly tense point in egypt's talks with the other nial based in countries to reach a new agreement over managing the nile waters you egyptian suspected israel was behind the renewed pressure egypt faced to make concessions. that is that i think israel has had
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a clear strategy since it was established so it focuses on having a presence in the upstream not countries to create problems for egypt on the issue of water to encircle egypt and create internal difficulties what you are going to definitely because if egypt has a water crisis then it will have a development problem and a national security issue it will not be able to guarantee a better life for egyptians and therefore it will be preoccupied with internal problems that is israel's goal. for their part israelis reject such notions but they are plotting with african states to outmaneuver egypt. i think this is another one of those conspiracy theories which unfortunately there are so many of them going around sometimes in what i can stop myself laugh in what i read in an arab internet sites about all kind of conspiracies which are described as these releases people.
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who come up scenarios that the craziest screenwriters in hollywood could even think about. was in early two thousand and eleven egyptians took to the streets in open revolt against the government of hosni mubarak. was. on february the eleventh egypt's vice president announced mubarak's resignation from power ending thirty years of rule. was. egyptians were exultant their complaints had been many. among them was criticism of mubarak's failure to engage in constructive. with the other african states along the nile.
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most look at it there's egypt has been absent from the city now and innocent. of these ten states are supposed to be members of the same family the offspring of one mother which is that of a nine which started to mount the i'd like brothers sharing the same life line in the uk about a boy we should have engaged with them rather than with the us or asia as of the states should be the closest to us because they shared the same life and the same fate struck masi which. significantly. the first foreign trip of egypt's new prime minister after the two thousand and eleven revolution was to sudan. some sheriff led a high profile delegation of egyptian ministers. the visit signaled
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a new diplomatic drive for egypt in the nile basin. but the struggle over the nile will not easily be resolved. it goes back thousands of years. egypt and another of africa's oldest civilizations. seem to be locked. into an increasingly bitter rivalry. on counting the cost some of the biggest names in take out with record earnings but they're also under scrutiny by regulators in what's being told at the sec clash a look at business relations between the u.k. and china plus another scandal in the german auto industry counting the cost at this time. it was
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a pawn which modern day venezuela was a stoppage. for over a century this lucrative resorts has divided the people both less with the world's largest reserves. charting the impact of industrialization and the legacies of its prominent leaders we shed light on the troubles afflicting venezuela today the big picture the battle for venezuela at this time. i'm about this in in doha the top stories on al-jazeera the u.s. is accusing russia of blocking a u.n. security council statement condemning the use of chemical weapons by the syrian government u.s. ambassador nikki haley says there's obvious evidence president assad's forces
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recently used chlorine gas in rebel held areas syria's always denied using chemical weapons aid agencies say displaced syrians are at a risk of being forced to return home despite the fighting and you report says gains by the city and the government are giving a false impression that many areas are stable enough to go back to the reports warning governments in europe the u.s. and the region not to force them to leave. stock markets have suffered a serious losses on monday with concerns over a possible rise in u.s. interest rates seen as the main cause the dow jones index has crashed down and which is indicated all the gains made on that market over the pos month have been wiped out the u.s. house intelligence committee has voted to go public with a memo prepared by the committee's democrats it's in rebuttal to a controversial republican document released on friday democrats say the memo undermines allegations by president donald trump that the f.b.i.
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abused its powers in investigating his campaign i think it's going to be very hard for the white house like it was hard for the republicans on the committee to block release of this i am more concerned that they make political redactions not redactions to protect sources and methods and that's why we're going to insist that the department of justice and the f.b.i. report to us on what reactions they think are necessary so that we can segregate any political interference from the white house the standoff between the maldives president and its supreme court is deepening security forces have broken into the court hours after the declaration by president of the lady i mean of a fifteen day state of emergency two top judges have been arrested i mean has been eyeing goodbye an order from the court to release nine leading opposition figures sobbed islam the only surviving suspect from the twenty fifteen paris attacks has faced a belgian court he's charged with attempted murder for trying to kill police during a shootout in brussels nearly two years ago he refused to stand up at his trial in
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brussels and told the judge that he would not answer questions those are the headlines the news continues here on al-jazeera after a struggle over the nile. wow. thanks.
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ethiopia. the blue nile flows on its long journey toward sudan and egypt. the ethiopians call the blue nile that are by. a word carrying a sense of reverence and admiration. the name of a by its beak father as a father and that is source that provides that is very heavy but it was back that way then just.
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bibi lives in the village of some close to they have by all blue nile. with a family of nine to support bench collects firewood the sole source of energy. that's good and we don't have electricity my head high stand from block to great living in this land we just burns this wood and some could have seen from like through an exam on. the bench like more than eighty percent of ethiopians the very thought of a light bulb is a dream. but it's good that you know you will celebrate i don't know when i'm meant to die in that did not have before so long ago burning wood and if i get light was just a click i will die a happy person. the nile could
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help realize the dreams of ethiopians like actually bench. acing the fast flowing river descending from the ethiopian highlands would generate electricity reducing the country's chronic power shortage. but to date the full potential of the river remains untapped. decades of civil unrest and war have hindered ethiopia's ability to develop. instead it remains one of the world's poorest countries. melyssa know we assumed power in one thousand nine hundred ninety one. he
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champions himself as the builder of a new ethiopia. billboards around the capital addis ababa herald a brighter future. with the construction of dams and hydroelectric power stations. the projects will quite literally bring power to the people. one of the peak resource we have been if you use that hydro saw the government patient . south and it got one reason for coming by gives. beneath these hills is the time of the less hydro power station. this tunnel will divert the nile waters over turbine to generate power.
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the station will eventually produce over four hundred megawatts of electricity annually. reducing ethiopia's power deficit by thirty percent. the water exits from tunnels to continue on its way downstream. no water is taken out of the river appoint the ethiopians a particularly keen to stress. that we are not changing anything. any operational. station does not affect the nile's discharge. this is the crucial factor. egyptians say they would regard any attempt to reduce the nile flow to their country as a hostile act. so ethiopia treads
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a fine line between exploiting the nile for its own development while not incurring the wrath of its downstream nial neighbors. we are here. not to reduce or not to damage their need. to utilise what our economic development as well because a. poor country trying to come out of that poverty. by utilising it is resources now is one of our thoughts. despite ethiopian assurances egypt is concerned about any reduction in its sole source of water. nine hundred twenty nine agreement between egypt and britain the colonial power at the time gave egypt
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a veto power on any project upstream that would affect or decrease the amount of water reaching egypt. egyptians are keen to ensure this agreement is up held. in other egypt needs to manage the reverse discharge of the agreement states there must be prior notification this must be adhered to according to international laws governing the use of rivers running through many countries upstream states can use the waters on the condition they don't harm the downstream countries welcome to. you are obliged to notify me to notify egypt so my interests are not harmed you can satisfy your interests but just don't harm might have less of a. pretty gyptian interests what challenge. your utterances here with me. is that. i meant.
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base in britain from what in may two thousand and ten at a meeting of nile basin countries in the ugandan city of entebbe six upstream states including ethiopia signed a new nile agreement. the agreement enables upstream countries to implement irrigation and hydro power projects without egypt being able to exercise the veto power it was given by the nine hundred twenty nine agreement. egypt you know. be able to stop if you appeal from building down on the nile that is history and that is not going to be part of the solution if you know he's even willing to use its own resources to build dams on the night the way forward is not for egypt to try and stop the unstoppable. the prospect of upstream countries building dams alarms egyptians especially if that
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country happens to be ethiopia. only fifteen percent of the nile waters reaching egypt originate in the great lakes region yet eighty five percent come from the ethiopian highlands from three main tributaries the sabbat blue nile and the barra. any dam built in ethiopia would pose a serious threat to egypt's water supply. the likelihood of such a scenario is creating tension between the two countries. the transparency and consultation was not happening between the two countries. because of because of suspicion because of. fear i think but fear.
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only be probably addictions because the water is coming from the air from ethiopia . such antagonism is exacerbated by a long history of rivalry. egypt the land of the pyramids and the ancient civilization of the pharaohs. ethiopia a land described as the birthplace of mankind. and the demand of great temperatures who ruled the country for centuries may. remain a between these two civilizations has always been centered on the nile. the rivalry dates back some three thousand years to the times of ethiopian emperor the first minicamp a with him pull up or
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a harsh emperor man aleck the first of ethiopia used to threaten egypt we had made a need the us fulfilled the whole saying that he would divert the course of the nile to the red sea away from the mediterranean and that the only atmosphere tried cymbalta these threats were made and all the rulers of egypt from the time of the pharaohs used to send gifts and gold to the emperor to stop him from diverting than i'll. religious differences have added to the historical tensions. in the fourth century ethiopia became a christian nation making it one of the oldest christian states in the world.
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from the seventh century egypt emerges the heart of the arab and islamic world. as the two countries adopt to different faiths power politics over the nile continued down through history. mohammed ali by the time mohammed ali began to rule egypt in eighteen zero five many threats had been made by the if you open emperors to stop the water reaching egypt. the cut in the us most were just empty threats but somewhat violent. every time there was a new ruler in egypt they would threaten him and blackmail him so that he paid gold to the if you'll be an emperor lena guess should have mohammed ali considered how to eliminate this threat which was damaging to egypt's prestige and letty to his us . muhammad ali's response was to expand
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egypt's borders southwards to come on the headwaters of the nile. in eight hundred twenty he conquered the territories today known as sudan for the first time egyptians and ethiopians when now face to face across a common border. in the eight hundred seventy s. muhammad ali's grandson ismail continued his grandfather's expansionist policy. seeking to increase the size of his realm over the course of the nile. how it's named the man who. could give ismail tried to conquer a few opium or canada so he dispatched a large army he thought it would be an easy mission but he failed that has he met in one of the egyptian army was crushed in eight hundred seventy six and had to retreat. the rivalry between egypt and ethiopia continued into the next century. by the one nine hundred fifty is it had taken on
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a more personal dimension. despite the smiles and handshakes the two countries were led by two larger than life leaders with two differing political visions. egypt's president jamal abdel nasser was a revolutionary idealogue of anti imperialism. ethiopian emperor haile selassie was a monarch and bodying imperial governments. both men saw themselves as africa's primary leader. there's been a lot written on ethiopia because it's a country with a great civilization like egypt. delhi almost and so there was always a feeling that it was equal to egypt but egypt was always more important ethiopians never had the same role. in nine hundred fifty nine egypt and
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sedan agreed on dividing the rivers waters. ethiopia was neither invited to the negotiations nor included in the agreement. i think it was nothing crude was able to stick by the ethiopian made it through or that having one's own on site or did was going on. was very much opposed to that exclusion is the policy. in the one nine hundred seventy is political changes in each country raised tensions further. egypt's new president anwar sadat abandoned both the leftist ideas of his predecessor and relations with the soviet union instead turned to the west. egypt's new political leaning was indorsed by an official visit from the us president richard
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nixon who received a rapturous welcome in cairo in june one thousand nine hundred seventy four. ironically a few months later ethiopia would go through a political turnaround of its own. in september one thousand nine hundred seventy four emperor haile selassie was overthrown in a military coup which turned ethiopia into a communist country. and. the two countries were right back where they started in a political standoff on different sides of the cold war. once again the river nile was at the center of this tension. said there are a lot of mileage. egypt's relations with the soviet union deteriorate the soviets in coordination with responded by planning to build dams in the ethiopian highlands to stop or decrease the water flowing to egypt president sadat answered back saying
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egypt would launch a war and destroy any downs built on the ethiopian plateau that affected the amount of water reaching egypt. today the a.t.o. peons continue for the time being to tread the fine line between developing their country and deferring to egyptian concerns but this could change. but a lot if you. look. in april two thousand and eleven ethiopian prime minister. announced plans for a new project on the blue nile. called the grand bologna and dam it is forecast to produce over five thousand megawatts of electricity a year. it will be the largest hydro power station in africa.
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and will solve ethiopia's chronic power shortage. ethiopia is aware of egyptian concerns. that people when they go to mentors are not the enemy of. this people so what we have demanding to see. that your government and the politicians. caring a part of the people and their lives. for the. order to caring for them oneself. as populations increase and economies develop. demand for the nile waters is intensifying. the nile may be the world's longest river. but it carries a relatively small amount of water compared to other rivers around the world. who
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are bottom and in the uk the nile is on your discharge toto's eighty four billion cubic meters this is insufficient for any of the knob facing countries as for egypt it's simply not enough egypt's need for water is growing greater day by day. the scarcity of water in the nile basin is creating fear suspicion and tension. such sentiments are exacerbated by the uncertainties of mother nature. the nihilists formed from rainfall but its points of a region in the ethiopian highlands and the great lakes region. the gift of nature is proving increasingly erratic. right now with a claim. that with the forecast is unpredictable even this so-called rains which we used to have in plenty it is no not on the regular not on up would be terrible. but
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i'd say that with high temperatures you obviously have the potential warmer holds more moisture you have the potential for bigger downpours so if that does prove to be the case then the flooding will be an issue but the result of a limited amount of water out there in the atmosphere so flooding in one area will inevitably lead to drought and another. averting. such catastrophe will require cool heads calm words and regional collaboration. following the revolution in egypt in early two thousand and eleven egyptian diplomacy was refocused on the region. enough to be headed out of them behind we need to cooperate and they need to cooperate we want to continue in a mood of consensus not conflict then no one does because all the nile basin countries are here to stay no one is going anywhere so if you are that. there is no
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basis for fear against each other there is no reason to fight. i'm there is no reason that one country one of the water sources whether and upstream or downstream. from the great lakes of east africa. and the highlands of ethiopia. through the swamps of the sued. the arid desert to the sahara. the fertile valley in sudan and egypt. flowing out into the mediterranean sea. millions living along the river nile dream of a better future. and even
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a promise the city looking to determine who it is a natural resource or and i'm sure you've you know to do it is a gift from god. and we must all use it well you say just like our forefathers were clearly going to lose and she's going to see. it with anything has no one living beside denial can ever stray from it if he does he will feel lost and she's isn't. going to know when i've lived long enough i dream of a better future for my kids. a lot of what i've got is only god is sustaining us god provides everything is good god's blessing is all around us the cabin of the. land of his home as longer there is no war and we are living in peace with sleep easy to be intimate that. what
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color tune with my job. i don't like it very much not this big but this big age. the river nile unites worlds of mountains jungle mosques and desert. but in the manmade world of nation states. asserting patriotism in politics. the river has become a source of discord. the nile basin countries face a stock choice. set aside fears and tensions and cooperate.
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or run the risk of confrontation and conflict. the nile will do. a continuing struggle over its waters can only spell ruin. for all those who live on the banks of this great river.
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hello there heavy rain is now clearing away from north america but we've got another system that's beginning to pull itself together so here's that first system that's moving away from the east coast it is dry and now for many of us here and that's the way it will stay as we head through tuesday not warm though look at that new york maximum temperature just three degrees and force in ottawa minus six the next system is waiting in the wings it's this here it's all beginning to pull itself together so some snow that's making its way across the plains there joins forces with what's going on over texas by wednesday we've got this streak of rain and snow that's galloping its way east once more and that will give us some more very heavy downpours but fortunately it's moving quite fast so it shouldn't cause
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too many problems with flooding there for the towards the south and generally there's a lot of fine a settled weather to be found here and that's what we're going to see over the next few days as well i do think for some of us in nicaragua and costa rica there will be some showers but elsewhere looks more or less dry for the south though and it certainly hasn't been dry for some of us here having said that the show is over bolivia have eased that certainly good news we've had a lot of flooding here the wet weather well what's going to be a bit further towards the east this is where we're seeing the heaviest rains on choose day and it's likely to city state very wet for wednesday to. the in. people. see all.
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documentaries that open your eyes. at this time on al-jazeera. on counting the cost some of the biggest names in the record earnings but they're also under scrutiny by regulators in what's being told at the sec clash a look at business relations between the u.k. and china plus another scandal in the german auto industry counting the cost at this time. this is al-jazeera.

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