Skip to main content

tv   Inside Story 2018 Ep 180  Al Jazeera  June 30, 2018 10:32am-11:01am +03

10:32 am
thus the. as the new year arrived henry kissinger returned to the region. to hammer out the next step and his grand plan for egyptian israeli disengagement. on the eleventh of january he met with sadat in the southern egyptian city of aswan. the. next day in the afternoon kissinger left for television to meet up with the israelis. after week flying between aswan a city famous for its winter sun. and television experiencing its first ever snow storm. both sides accepted a disengagement agreement. a new term had entered the lexicon of international politics shuttle diplomacy. over this
10:33 am
could be airport when you can. get really really. the face of it. on the eighteenth of january general mohammad an egyptian chief of staff. and general d.v.l.a. as it is israeli counterpart signed the agreement in the tent at kilometer one o one. it was the first in a chain of agreements that would lead to total israeli withdrawal from sinai and april nine hundred eighty two. thousand how possible or what the significance of that war the october war was the impact it had not only on the political military and security level but only israeli citizen himself in accepting the idea that i can leave the land occupied to feel more secure. the
10:34 am
agreement stated that israeli forces west of the canal would withdraw to the east bank and further east into sinai a reduced egyptian force would stay on the eastern side of the canal and positions they had captured during the war. un forces would police the buffer zone between the two armies. and entertainment troops came one day to sing for the soldiers on the western bank of the canal and be included in the repertoire of song left over from the six day war making fun of egyptian soldiers. running away and leaving their boots in the sand when they finished singing the soldiers came up and suggested that they take the soul out of the repertory it was not appropriate and. by the end of january the israelis had finished the first
10:35 am
stage of their withdrawal from the western side of the canal. the route to the city of suez was of. after almost a hundred days the siege of the third on me was lifted. three weeks later egypt enjoyed a day of celebration. in the gyptian parliament sadat tell the ceremony to decorate and promote the heroes of the armed forces. but one name was missing from the rhone of on a. general side to show. the man who had formulated the original plan for the war. and then they are many that doesn't matter at all look
10:36 am
i see. no position in real life i am seeking the afterlife along with. but what matters to me is egypt my worst fear is the demi stakes of the uk to war and there were mistakes despite the undoubtedly glorious achievements of the our children and grandchildren will make the same mistakes if you don't learn from it egypt is what matters to me not even i will get my reward from a loss of a willing and again the law. by the end of february israeli troops had completed the final stage of their withdrawal from the western side of the canal. that moved us the israelis pulled out of this i spirit myself and it was a bit like a carnival and basically they were relieved. why.
10:37 am
these were research soldiers they've been called up for months they wanted to come home. but even as israel soldiers celebrated the mood back home was different. israel lost twenty six hundred killed. per capita. this is treat her as the death rate of the americans in vietnam over ten years. this israel separate in three weeks. the public wanted to know how come the israeli. civilian and military leadership were surprised by a mass arab a two front attack it how come the they were caught with their pants down and they
10:38 am
also wanted to know why the army performed so poorly in those first few days. less than six months after the start of the war a commission of investigation headed by shimon i cannot president of the israeli supreme court would place the blame family on the military. three army heads would roll. chief of staff general david the. commander of southern command general shmuel gunmen. and head of military intelligence general alys aida. the commission cleared prime minister golda may it and defense minister moshe diana. but the israeli public were not appeased. and demonstrations broke out on the streets. nine days after the commission published its report the prime minister resigned. and
10:39 am
a cute opening. still accuse golda meir of killing. mordred to tall the israeli soldiers in the long haul many egyptian soldiers because of her sheer stupidity and obstinacy. yet it would be two months before mrs made would leave office there was unfinished business with the syrians. since the ceasefire of the twenty third of october the previous year the situation on the golan front had remained inflammable . skirmishes breaking out regularly. the israeli still occupied a salient deep inside the syrian mainland not far from the capital damascus. when family look if you remember a few mcauliffe who were in the ark we went through some hard days and nights them
10:40 am
. staying strong emotionally was difficult because of the depression of the uncertainty but the physical conditions also made it difficult to live in the open during the winter. and that winter of seventy three seventy four was very harsh. in may nine hundred seventy four kissin just set out on his second round of shuttle diplomacy. this time between tel of these and damascus. after almost a month of hard talking to managed to secure a second breakthrough in the region. on the twenty eighth of may one thousand nine hundred seventy slug the government of israel approved the disengagement agreement with syria.
10:41 am
this is a day that we hope syrian mothers israeli mothers syrian young wives israeli and wives children on both sides of the border and go to sleep at night without. care or. dreams of who knows if their day one is alive today will he be alive again and the next day. the agreement stated that israeli forces would withdraw from the pockets they were occupying and syria. syrian troops would return to almost the same positions they had started the war from with the un managed officers between the two. can a trial the largest city in golan would be returned to syria. in news on the fifth of june nine hundred seventy four the agreement was signed in
10:42 am
geneva by senior military officers of both sides. of. the war in october was officially over on both fronts after two hundred forty three days of fighting. kissinger persuaded assad chemicals and get him to remove the gorilla. in the sense he tricked syria to disengage the grip of the gulag with . the syria recovered a truck which the israelis grew up before the the tiny sliver of territory with everything else in israeli hands. the egyptians got what they wanted out of it so you know sadat had realistic goals about recovering the sinai and the war led to the recovery of the sinai for egypt so you've got to see that as a win for the egyptians. for the syrians they don't recall the golan so you've got to see that as a defeat essential. for the israelis say they were adverse to the course of
10:43 am
the war but they had suffered very heavy casualties so you kind of have to see it as a bit of a defeat for the israelis in terms of being caught by surprise. because she. you know a person in his life has three four friends who are close to their hearts and in their souls possibly on them and none of them returned with me so i definitely don't think there are any winners in your age there will be someone who loses more someone who loses less but there are no winners in wars and that's something which has stayed with me since nine hundred seventy three because the. picture was. going to lead up to us least most of the company no more. we used to train for our return to cargo you knew soldiers who had died during this or death operation and you know their wives their mothers we knew each other the families very well and
10:44 am
when i saw them i hid under the crane see what can you say to them do you get my point you see that expect in our eyes and they look at you search. where is he what can you say the suffering churns you up inside you feel like exploding of course you cry his command or not it's just a human reaction what can you say to them his children what do you say to a wife who comes with two kids waiting for their falling and wanes then the ball.
10:45 am
we got some big a lot of the storms into central and eastern parts of the u.s. right now you can see the thunderheads already showing up quite nicely on the
10:46 am
satellite picture just spinning out of canadian paris big area of low pressure here and a little chain of storms down towards the southeast corner and also affecting florida where we got this area of low pressure something of a temperature contrast warm southerly winds behind this this warm front red line on our chart here thirty four celsius for chicago thirty five for d.c. into the thirty's to that east side of kind of the hope across the other side of this system and it's twenty three for winnipeg there will be some big and lively thunderstorms and just around the northern plains pushing over towards the midwest and down into the southeastern corner it's a little cooler a little fresher dry and brighter across western parts we could do with some rain of course with the wildfires just around northern california and also into colorado no sign of any wet weather here as we go on through the coming days and that dry weather stretching down into a good part of mexico actually become down into the caribbean and the think is cloud the heaviest showers there across the western side of the caribbean the correct costa rica panama seeing some big and lively showers and some really wet
10:47 am
weather coming in through saturday and on into sunday but elsewhere it's sunshine and a few showers. every year in pakistan hundreds of women are victims of so-called honor killings one on one east searches for the truth in a case that exposes the growing clash between old beliefs and modern life on al-jazeera. july on al-jazeera in a new series of head to head maddie hasson tackle the big issues with hard hitting questions mexico is getting ready for a general election what direction will the country take as it struggles with drug violence and economic instability people in power continues to examine the use and abuse of power around the world as the world cup in russia nears its end we'll bring you stories from on and on the pitch of the world's most viewed sporting
10:48 am
event on television and online the stream continues to tap into the extraordinary potential of social media to disseminate news. july on al-jazeera. this is al-jazeera. hello i'm adrian for they get this is that he is live from doha coming up in the next sixty minutes many fatalities expected as a boat carrying around one hundred migrants capsizes in the mediterranean. south sudan's hopes for a lasting peace is the latest ceasefire comes into effect we look at the fragility
10:49 am
of the new agreement. still searching the underground caves rescuers in thailand try to make contact with the boys football team that's been missing now for a week. and desperate to play how argentina's women footballers. being forced over seas in pursuit of the beautiful game. every day boats laden with migrants and refugees leave north africa and braved the treacherous waters of the mediterranean the dream of a better life outweighing the reality of the barely see with the boats it's an issue for politicians who staked their careers on resolving the migrant problem and for individuals who stake considerably more friday was a day when the politicians claimed a victory in the mediterranean claimed more victims more than one hundred missing feared drowned after the boat capsized off libya's west coast the bodies of three
10:50 am
young children have been recovered at least sixteen people survived. there were one hundred twenty people on board on our way the front broke a wooden piece pierced it and then the boat started sinking and the water started to rise everyone died women children elderly people mean all of them died. at first i was surprised with this boat because i was told it was eight metres and could hold twenty people when i tried to leave they beat me. i was forced to get on board families with children were in miserable conditions it was full of about one hundred twenty to one hundred fifty people it was very crowded the conductor could not even see in front of him the tragedy of c. happened as e.u. leaders finally agreed on how to deal with those refugees that reach land there will be a series of migrant processing centers within and outside the block but only if
10:51 am
wanted in each country lawrence lee reports. when the future of the european union may be at stake it's worth staying up all night to save its so that's what they did . emerging warily at five in the morning the french president suggested they had bridged the gap many thought impossible to sympathize with. europe is not an island and we must be able to face up to this challenge was remaining loyal to our values and protect our people and national cohesion tonight we took an important step many predicted the impossibility of an agreement many predicted the triumph of national solutions tonight we have succeeded in finding the european solution and a way of working in cooperation. micron will take the credit for winning the rebellious it's how he and governments around the breakthrough policy is to set up sensors at which migrants and refugees will be screened and either sent home or resettled among countries prepared to have them even if it isn't clear how the
10:52 am
italians who would also demanded reform of wider asylum rules then signals that consensus. at the end of the european council of a more responsible and more united europe italy is no longer alone. and keeping the hardliners happy extended to germany as well where chancellor merkel's political future has been in the balance the indications seem to be that the right wingers in her coalition seem satisfied that germany will be better protected from mass refugee flows the merkel herself acknowledged the vast rift in europe about humanitarian values this is a good we have agreed on five guidelines but two are still lacking a common european asylum system but i'm optimistic after today that we can really continue to work even though there is still a lot to be done to bridge the different views of the moves like strengthening support for the libyan coast guard will be condemned by humanitarian organizations as europe turning its back on its legal obligations if this was success it was only
10:53 am
in that it staved off the apparent imminent collapse of the european union under the weight of migration but in doing so it gave more weight to the populist right wing in europe a further retreat from the liberal values the european union is so fond of proclaiming. and as ever the final communique was long gone wishes and very short on promises about how to accomplish them this may have averted a crisis for now but europe remains a political unit deeply unhappy lawrence lee al-jazeera brussels. the european council president is already talking cautiously about the long term future of the agreement as regards migration it's far too early to talk about the success. we have so much to reach an agreement. but this is in fact the easiest part of that us. story from the girls when you start
10:54 am
implementing. the deal it's helped germany's chancellor on the political home front angela merkel's coalition partner threatened to withdraw if she didn't secure a wider e.u. we have wide agreement on tackling the crisis dominic kane reports from berlin. on the face of a tangle of merkel has returned from brussels that pretty much what her allies in the c.s.u. the bavarian crystal social union party wanted her to come back with an e.u. solution but also with progress on bilateral deals with the member states specifically with the greeks and the spanish both those governments agreeing to take back people migrants who present themselves in germany seeking asylum but have already done so in spain and greece so that is that is what the c.s.c. was was looking for the idea of controls on borders and people not being able to migrate from one country to another and claim asylum in several places but the question will be whether this deal this sequence of deals as it were multilateral deals as well is enough on sunday there will be meetings both of the c.d.u.
10:55 am
and separately c.s.u. leadership boards where they will be appraised of what has happened in this summit remember the deadline that was set by the c.s.u. for i'm going to merkel was that if there was no substantial progress to their liking then on this coming monday they would seek to implement returns of migrants on borders going unilaterally now has anger merkel done enough to stave off that threat in the c d u there have been several people some of prominent people saying this is is a success for engler merkel but so far at least a ringing endorsement from the c.s.u. so what happens over this weekend will be instrumental in seeing whether angela merkel's coalition can survive italy's new populist prime minister giuseppe county hailed the deal his government is sticking to its tough stance on migrant ships it's barred a rescue vessel docking from docking at one of its ports the third refusal this month the policy is being driven by the far right interior minister teo salvini
10:56 am
charlie angelo reports from sicily. well here in kenya and this is the last ship that brought in rescued migrants two weeks ago since then interior minister mackay without any has closed italy's ports and at the summit there was no discussion as to what will happen next time a european care. rescued migrants is left stranded in the mediterranean instead italy's prime minister just emerged from the summit saying italy is no longer alone he went in threatening to use his veto it if there was not an agreement that suited italy he did and because of that italians believe they got some concessions but nothing will change if we don't play hardball on grey's our voices will never get anything so. long. under the new e.u. agreement italy could host voluntarily new migrant centers that would process all arrivals and determine which are genuine refugees and which are illegal migrants. managed by this country already has refugee camps the difference is that these
10:57 am
arrivals would no longer be subject to the dublin regulations italy would not be responsible for. the ideas they could be divided up between other member states but again. on how that would happen and for italians sharing the burden is a key issue. italy's been left alone it's true but of course i don't agree on the methods used by our interior minister i do think europe has to be reformed especially because there is no agreement on this issue the agreement also promises to explore the idea of setting up disembarkation platforms in north africa to try and process migrants before they even attempt the mediterranean crossing but not all italians are convinced that if trying to fix the problem in africa on the spot and trying to help them here it is really difficult war should always be welcomed and not pushed away but pushing away is exactly what italy has done in closing its ports and the new e.u.
10:58 am
declaration that asylum seekers landing in italy are actually arriving in europe seems almost redundant the free syrian army says a temporary ceasefire is in effect in southern syria the truce comes as the united nations refugee agency warns that the number of displaced people has tripled to one hundred sixty thousand in the past five days it follows intense fighting and a ten day offensive by government of russian forces at least eighty people were killed in air strikes on thursday of the areas meant to be part of a deescalation by the united states and russia turkey's foreign minister says the two countries have a responsibility to end the fighting. ave rusa the united states and russia have reached an agreement regarding the area in syria they reach an agreement for deescalation zones and according to the deal opposition forces would be deployed on one side while syrian regime forces would be on the other but the syrian regime forces launched an attack on the other side so who made this agreement the united
10:59 am
states and russia they both have responsibility and this needs to stop let's hear from al jazeera is on the syrian side of the border with jordan. now. that more here at the border crossing that many syrian refugees have used in the past to cross from syria into jordan today thousands of civilians mainly women and children again others along this border hoping to be able to cross into jordan. there are calls to his highness the king of jordan to give them permission to cross over. these families have nothing left for them but to ask to cross that border to escape death they've been displaced from areas that have been hit by thousands of airstrikes in the past few days and they're now looking to cross to safety we've witnessed the tragic events the civilians have been through and they're only demand now is to go in the direction of jordan. a ceasefire deal to end south sudan's for the half year civil war has come into force president salva kiir rebel leader reg
11:00 am
moshe signed the agreement in sudan's capital khartoum on wednesday it calls for the opening of corridors for humanitarian aid the release of political prisoners of the former transitional government within four months at least fifty thousand people have been killed in and around four million displaced since hostilities began in twenty thirteen let's speak now to al-jazeera have a woman who's covered the conflict in south sudan extensively she's with me now here in the studio is this ceasefire going to hold or people have much hope well whether it is going to hold or not people have to hold on to hope that this ceasefire would last they've been mined previous agreements signed on a cease fire and the end of our succession of hostilities but none of them have held some of them being broken in as little as twenty four hours after they were signed but this time it's different it's not being brokered by the regional block i got this one was brokered by sudan and sudan is has has a lot of in.

12 Views

info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on