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tv   Canadas Dark Secret  Al Jazeera  August 11, 2018 4:00am-5:01am +03

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an exploitation system then lay the foundation of today's global powers organist on al-jazeera. and i have a problem and of the headlines on al-jazeera to his president is urging people to sell their dollars and buy more u.s. as the currency falls to of record low it's lost thirty five percent of this value since the start to hear the u.s. presidents add into the financial squeeze doubling steel an alum many in tariffs this part of an escalating feud some corsi on of reports from istanbul. turkey is president for just a proud to an address this large rally and have this massive for his citizens. if there is anyone who has dollars euros or gold under their pillows that you go exchange it for lira that our banks this is the national domestic battle this will
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be my people's response to those who have wage an economic war against us turkey's currency has lost more than thirty per cent of its value so far this year at least fifteen percent of that was just on thursday night the turkish kaname has been struggling for a few years of recombination of several financial and political factors the lira tumbled even faster after just presidential election which gave all executive powers to president our john i wish that. or mr r. and his you know eighteen would be very very ready to hear a robust economic program the day after they have been elected are fortunately there a little bit later on that as a growing about fragile economy the lira was not protected against any current suspect lation especially after the two thousand and sixteen failed coup and turkey's continued dispute with the united states over a variety of issues has not made things easy the most urgent disagreement has been
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the tension of an american pastor named andrew branson who is on trial on terrorism charges there is a currency crisis kind of promoted by the geopolitical risks which is obviously news. but the american foreign policy decision makers another factor is turkey's unwillingness to join the recent u.s. sanctions against iran turkey buys energy from iran along with russia and azerbaijan now the crisis is being felt approach with investors selling of shares in european banks with generally have bigger exposure to the turkish gone i mean the dispute was supposed to ease as delegates from both sides gathered in washington this week but it didn't and it went to went further turks say the united states is trying to beat them with a financial stick and some even believe it's just a political move by present trump head off november's critical election now it's
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a question of how turkey will handle all these pressures while its currency is at ten all time scene up to solo al-jazeera a stumble. u.s. jury has ordered the makers of the controversial weed killer to pay two hundred eighty nine million dollars in damages california groundskeeper duany johnson who's dying of cancer appears monsanto of annoying the health risks of its product roundup monsanto says it will appeal against the ruling. cameroon's government says it will investigate a video that apparently shows the military shooting at people it was reportedly shot before may twenty sixth in a village in the far north amnesty international says it's verify the video through witness testimony a spokesman for president paul beers says the video was released to undermine their government ahead of elections in october. dozens of people have been injured after a romanian police used tear gas and water cannon at an anti-government rally in
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bucharest thousands of romanian ex-pats have been demonstrating calling for the government to resign and many drive across europe to attend the protests against the governing social democrats they blame the party for corruption and a lack of opportunities relief agencies are warning of the potentially catastrophic impact of a heatwave in north korea there's been no rainfall since july with the temperatures soaring to an average of thirty nine degrees celsius it's causing volatile crops to weather and creasing the risk of a food security crisis u.s. fireman a building barriers to try to contain a slow moving wildfire in southern california well the twenty one thousand people have been told to leave their homes. canada's dark secrets just coming up next.
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says the sound. i. i.
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my name is roberta hello i'm from the mohawk nation grammar territory. i'm a survivor of the mohawk institute residential school i was here as
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a student from one nine hundred fifty seven to january nine hundred sixty one and i came here with six of my family. a lot of their memories here that's for sure. these are really familiar to me used to play only us and other girl side. i was playing down in the basement on the girl side and my mother had come out to the visiting area and the little kids had said your mother is here you want to go see her and i and they were in iran but when i got to the door way over there i froze right in front of the stairs and i couldn't move and i just stood there crying crying crying and the more i cried the worse it got and i could see myself i could actually like an out of body experience i could see this little girl crying and it was me but i and the little girl said well if you don't want to love your
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mother don't you want to see your mother and i said you know and i did i really did she say she's going to leave you you know she's going to leave if you don't go see her so at that time i knew that she would goal then i things just kind of came back honestly i just took off running up those stairs. and i went and sat on my mother. that the time all i did was cry. i just cried. when i was in because it was here i loved her and we just saw her have to part with her year. because my brother was like she was really good mood you know. it's. not much. to say a movie good times here they are all written by the bed and there is enormous there
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is a tremendous amount of evil that went on here. so the whole institution itself was run by fear so it was very regimented more like a military style you lined up for everything to line up for your meals lined up to go to school you lined up to go to church just like that follow that routine and you would be ok if you followed it and didn't break the rules you know so you just follow the rules. they didn't have the freedom is the child or is it young teenager and always kenny wonders if her vision of somebody but we've got them both at six o'clock and we're sent down to the coldplay room and it was always cold and in the basement early morning still a lot of chilling air and yet they put us in the big cement room in and we had to
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keep warm whoever we could. be there are no canes or farm were they work on a farm so long that. i picked up a certain discipline the poor hard worker to get me where i'm going. and i think at some point there was somebody here that i don't know if it was a kid or a supervisor told me i would never leave here you know so that really stuck in my mind that i was going to be in this place forever. you're isolated all you see is this world around you this is it that was my world i didn't learn about all those other things that were going on until my adult life i didn't know there was all those other residential schools i don't think anybody in canada knew that much so it was kept very secret up and yet when you start to look at every residential school across canada you find the same thing. came to the boy i consider going to
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is. six or seven years old and i spent six years here. i was picked up an indian reserve really and. walking on a road. we're going to visit my grandmother one day and they should do i day back in ninety three . years for a lesson one girl my sister. and we came over that little rise over there and had burned down here. in the black car for long so i know us. and we didn't know it was that. the driver said you know they were right there. and they said no we didn't know who they were . we kept on walking and they kept pace with us in the car. and they kept
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trying to get us to get in. and we're feeling her. a hard yards that way. and they offered us some way screaming jello at that restaurant in ten tell. and i had a screen there to a finish we all loaded back up in the car but they never went back the way they came they went around away from the reason i fell asleep. and i never woke up until we were coming up the moon against him. when after i got old enough i realize i was good now like i said my dad didn't know the very meaning affairs in new jersey they didn't care how they not the children here.
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i believe it was february about two years ago i was on the board of sessions that are chosen united church and chisholm township is about five miles out here and my first set were the sessions meeting effect in there was two other members and the minister and myself and the minister was going through the agenda that we were to talk about in she mentioned the residential school system and all of
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a sudden i started to shake and broke down crying i had no idea why. i didn't know what this was about at all. and from that i ended up going to my doctor and for some depressed help for depression and he referred me to a psychologist in north he and to curb probably twenty minutes to determine that they just part of my problem was from that incident fifty years earlier. i was to a station there in the r.c.m.p. and we had a territorial jail there which most times i was in jail guarded night and in this day shift i happened to be the same to whatever came on through the door it would be sometime between november of sixty four and april of sixty five on a day shift i was assigned to assist an agent from the residential school system to
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pick up two children from a family in fort smith northwest territories i went to the door this warm and the woman who lived there knew why we were there to know she know that there are two two daughters who are being sent to residential schools the mother was crying both children were crying probably six and eight years old. and i took the six year old from her arms actually and turned them over to the agent. he jumped in his car and part took off to the airport in aerospace and the end of that night i saw i never saw him i don't remember the children's names but i'll never forget the price. at the time i didn't like the idea of taking kids away from their family bothered me in cursed being in the r.c.m.p.
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i had no alternative who couldn't complain about it. the only thing i knew about the in the uterus is a dental schools was a place where the good formal education and i didn't see any problem. since then i've come to realize what they were a boat. heard no differently now and that's part of the story that i want to tell. it took up maybe five minutes of my life. and i buried it back in sixty four sixty five. years later it came back to haunt me here in boston.
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we were sitting at this at this very spot i'm not sure if it was exactly the same table we're sitting at this very spot. and at a board meeting. you remember ron you were on the board at the time and and the board at that time had decided that they wanted to study this book called a healing journey for us all and part of that took us into residential schools well let me let me say first clearly that i think the residential school history within canada is one of the the the greatest tragedies if not the greatest tragedy in our whole. history as a country. it's it's the damage that's been done to so many lives and. the damage that it continues to be done and
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that will be felt it generationally. is it's just it's beyond one that we it's hard to even take it in feel. presidential schools are schools that were set up by the government of canada and there are other countries that have the same thing but it was a policy that was put into place to bring all as many indigenous people as possible into these schools to educate them into the european way of life to take you away from your culture your language all your traditions and that's what it's about.
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in order to sever those ties in your culture in your language they had to separate children from tammy's communities we wore uniforms you all dress the same you had your hair cut the same you were all one and it was to assimilate us to make sure we didn't have an indian left in us when we left here. they took us as a church or recently we had say prayers and things like that. we weren't allowed to talk in our language we had to speak english but it wasn't
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indoctrination like you didn't put us in one room and you just indoctrinate us all day long or anything like that just the way. the routine of the place it was in it was in the routine. that in in speak anything but english or you went to the white man school. you mean the way miniature you are the way with clothes all those are built in was in the classroom that your painted thing was there was in green in the system there's a mode libin years the. it was taken from them there was no mother no father figures no he said good night or come and see you if you're sick personal didn't know me look empty except that they
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put his in a big player room similar to this dining room. and we sort of loot looked after ourselves. what was going on across this country that so many children were being taken so many children are being put into residential schools and my thing is if if they were such a wonderful school they were models everybody should i had him now i may have europeans everybody should i had a residential school not just one race of people is a very racist policy you know but that's what the intent was is to kill the indian in the child i'm pretty much they've done it. so you get punished for being who you are.
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it's a school where you're punished for the third least of interactions. the the punishments were. severe. and punishment for things you never did you never did. i i don't think i ever did anything wrong that would deserve a strap never and you got it. you never knew it. when you went over line they let you know they give you d.d. beating soandso a symbol but it was more than that it was terrorism that the come to teach beating . for tell me when you have children put in an electric chair for entertainment or for punishment lesser crimes against humanity
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and yet different things and i've heard of other guys have an electric currents and they brought us into a place they call the press room where most of the beatings were no name. and we went in or one of the time and got a good shellacking with the litters leather strap and. everybody. was afraid of good but. everybody knew they were going to get it sooner or later and just remember them crying there was a lot of crying in this place a lot of tears. and yet we find out it was like. thousands upon thousands of children that were being abused despite the beatings and the ferocity of some in the beginning we still defied the authority to run away. the boy say how he's over sixty boys. displayed this number each of us are lonely
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beyond despair. from within we each had our own battles to fate we were lost lonely scared and confused her biggest battle was to keep her secrets. are laser shrouded in secrecy no one could know we all clicked through the knew the kids were being raped and walesa in large numbers suddenly the babies. no one could know no one would ever know. saddam in the learn had to be a nicer place so he tried to escape. the colonel scene when ironing those cut were ferocious they'd been relentlessly beaten with the other machine or belts carried by all the staff including the principal the cane beaten until liz beamed ekotto to the earth the need money the
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burns down the lean way up the city streets beaten until there was silence that was the scariest despite this we ran away i believe each of us tried least once to escape that worries prison the halley's plays with demons all of. ethel and there is a boilers. at that far and gotten less at time and time again day after day and boy and i are aware some that come live there from you and miss me somehow. another error came.
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just came out of there feeling so dirty rotten lower as you can imagine and i thought every kid over there knew that i had what happen in me. but. i think it all and then they could never bothered me and i never asked what happened in there i think we all got it at one wire. but it is a nasty dirty they. were. it's like here's where i got him a lesson here. saying against this wall here and he had his way with me. i was his mother i.
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see time in my life and i felt so daring and so so. sad we don't in the boiler room he took my clothes off. and they just stand here a little guy just discussed what he was doing. it's i think it's very very possible that children did die here but we'll never know all assist i've heard too many different stories for it to be all lies if they're not buried here they're probably buried somewhere on the property and it's just one of those things that in
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time we may come across it but this this we can investigate if there's any truth to it if there is anything in there just just from the people that i know from the survivors that i know that say that yeah they remember this being something and you don't just put a window at the bottom of a basement for any for no reason. to train and equip the opposition in syria so they can help push back these terrorists people in power investigates how the us supplies soviet style weapons to its allies through private company to spend the us government could wash their hands and say well we didn't know where it was coming from so weapon that was supplied by the us government may well end up being pointed at us soldiers yes absolutely pick it up less than two months off in the professional america's gun secret pipeline to syria
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on al-jazeera. al-jazeera follows the lives of people in the heart of immigrant communities. in six major cities across europe. the stories we don't often have told by the people who live them. a brand new documentary series this is year a coming soon on al-jazeera. when mexico's leaders implemented drastic and controversial energy reforms the country's oil owned by the mexican people for seventy five years was to be sold to private international companies. but to what extent is the country exposed to exploitation by a profit driven multinational corporations group harvest on al-jazeera and.
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there's a problem in doha with the headlines on al-jazeera turkey's president is urging people to sell their dollars and buy more leverage as the currency falls to a record low it's lost thirty five percent of its value since the start of the year the us presidents add into the financial squeeze doubling steel and add a million tariffs as part of an escalating feud. a u.s. jury has ordered the makers of a controversial weed killer to pay two hundred eighty nine million dollars in damages california groundskeeper dwayne johnson who's dying of cancer accuse monsanto of ignoring the health risks of its product roundup monsanto says it will appeal against the ruling. calderon's government says it will investigate
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a video that apparently shows the military shooting at people it was reportedly shot before may twenty sixteen in the village of the farm amnesty international says it's verify the video through witness testimony a spokesman for president paul beer says the video was released to undermine their government ahead of elections and a top the in all the ration of zimbabwe's president have us a man in god who has been delayed because of a legal challenge to his electoral victory earlier lawyers for the opposition movement for democratic change alliance filed their case at the supreme court and had already they say they have evidence of fraud and election rigging. dozens of people have been injured after romanian police used tear gas and water cannon at an anti-government rally in book arrest thousands of romanian ex-pats have been demonstrating calling for the government to resign many drove across europe to attend the protests against the governing social democrats they blame the party for corruption and
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a lack of opportunities relief agencies are warning of the potentially catastrophic impact of a heatwave in north korea there's been no rainfall there since july with temperatures soaring to an average of thirty nine degrees celsius that's causing volatile crops to weather increasing the risk of a full blown food security crisis us firemen a building barriers to try to contain a slow moving wildfire in southern california more than twenty one thousand people are being told to leave their homes a state of emergency has been declared so more resources a made available to fight the flames well those are the headlines on al-jazeera do stay with us canada's dark secret continues next thank you very much for watching. i like finding old friends and winnie is what i know her by from the residential school the mohawk institute when we first went in there we were my sister and i
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were separated into groups and i had one older girl that took me under her wing and my sister dawn we need look after her well i don't you know when i was there i don't even remember going there i don't even remember the people it to me at but in my home i remember that. oh i know i was just there so then i met this this older. person on this older girl she kind of took care of me when i was growing up and she told me when she's ready to leave because she was in twelve thirteen maybe fourteen she said that she was going to ask her mother to come and get me and think she was to take me home to be her little sister. but that didn't happen because.
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she she. got hurt. her hurt bad. i think. i think somebody hit her on a tree. and i don't know i think she died but i'm not really. sure but i don't know. well anyway. i've been able to say in the last few years that they killed her and i was there. were happened to her. it seems.
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sometimes a nice dream of hers she would come to me in a dream by that because it hurts to talk about it. because i remember when she used to. piggyback we honor. her back and we'd run and play and. then when i got hurt she'd pick me up and. give me a hug and for someone to cry. like why we should be doing that and. after they smashed her in the tree. you know that sound sometimes you can hear it on t.v. on the river shows that sound that's a sound. even if a glass breaks today out scream and sometimes my family get mad and.
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ice who are i can help with and that seems to sound that's good scares me and. makes me would like to. the scene is a drawing child who just surely roof or was flailing away with his head above water in a raging river he can swim but the river swift that unrelenting he slips under the surface is a reef he trying to catch in the breath but he knew if he's going under for good what tears run upon the child's mind knowing can imagine those sites will go down
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with him the want to live is seen above in the light under surfaces of the river. as he slowly sinks his here is silky and levy in the room still removing so slowly and reaching for a new purpose except his will tells him to reach up. a lady's surface phase in his body has no more movement except that of the current he tumbles lay physically along in one room and into oblivion. i left saying it come back one day and attack those people that had attacked me and they didn't just attack me i think they attacked everybody.
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but. i wrote a book called art legacy and. since i wrote dead book they. don't have this great desire to go back a morn beat the wop a a. i haven't forgiven. but the they're not around to forgive when i realize. the effect that this type of government administration had on thousand people in my time. it disgusts me that i'm a canadian and i always thought canada was the greatest country in the world. and i'm ashamed to say i'm canadian because it wasn't a government it's not. the
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government wanted access to mineral rights mining lumbering fisheries all natural resources that canada has and they all are on his native land of course they were here first so the government i guess determined that rather than go to war with the natives they would eliminate them. and i know from my own experience people that i've norm they were raised by whites in the residential schools so when they were
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a finish there their parents didn't accept them if they weren't native and the white community did not accept them because they were native so these people knew those hundred fifty thousand children grew up in limbo with no roots no background and no place they could call home. i knew ahead time when i believe i went to school that day in and it was the last day of school in summer. everything seemed greater than the grass seemed greener the sky was blue or. it was just a great day. he come home and they're like you're a stranger i'm a stranger to them but they're a stranger to me too so i had to go find who my relatives were how was i connected to this community i knew where i came from i didn't know that but i just didn't the
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holly fit in. hundred fifty thousand people children were taken from their families and as a result of that seven generations native people grew up with no roots. that. this is my friend carol croce whom i have known for a few years and appreciate her friendship and and what kind of things she can tell us about her first nations so. having my father my aunt and my uncles. gone to residential school my father never discussed his upbringing he was silent the home that we lived in was silent around
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who he was and how he was raised so prior to the age of thirty i had no idea or no understanding of what had happened to my family and i knew that there was something up like there was something wrong but i didn't know what that was when i was finding all of these things about residential school when i was thirty and my father had already passed away my mother was still a life and i started asking michael my aunt questions. it began to i began to realize how strange everything was and it began to see what those schools did and what the effect that we had and why my brothers and i had struggled so much with our emotional life this was wrong
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to take children away from their parents and heard them into a school against their will it just blew me away and then when ron when you had the courage to stand up and say that this was wrong and you knew it was wrong when it happened instead of standing up and said i witnessed this in it didn't look that bad i can't tell you what that does for people. i really can't. and i don't care what bad things you might have done in your life or one i know was a whole lot because. they were raised that. they were complete respect.
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but what you don't hear about is what happens to adult people when their kids are ripped away. and those kids come back broken but they come back broken to two adults that are insane and that's the other half so nobody is ok.
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but the bank and ask all of the survivors to stand up for a moment to be here with us survivors please stand. the children in the grandchildren of survivors please stand up as well things began to change when the survivors of the residential school experience went to court beginning in the one nine hundred eighty s. but not really successful until the mid one nine hundred ninety s. when the courts finally ruled that they could sue the government for the abuses that went on in schools and the churches as well the root of the t r c as in survivors themselves survivors said we demand attention and we demand recognition for what it is and was that we experience in the residential schools i had a problem i had a hearing problem i would mock i would teeth
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i would nod every day and i wish. it was for him so then. i don't you know this is the station for me to be still. we were the recipient of their most private moments in their life often and we as listeners had to be there for them because we weren't just representing the commission we were actually representing a hearing of the entire country. well as a commissioner for the truth and reconciliation commission listening to the stories of residential school survivors it was difficult emotionally very challenging but
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there's no doubt that when they cried often we did as commissioners we always made it a point to repeat back to the survivors what it was that they had told us because we wanted them to know that we had heard them and that we believed them. to be aware and they think we. ought to publish. why but really for what i put. i could i could tell my grandchildren like look what a great privilege of north. eagle of the but. i can't it hurts it hurts me the think
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boat. what i missed. it was a very emotional. very emotional time because the more you got into it the more the more things started to come up about residential school that you would start to remember that you'd listen to everybody and. it was a very very difficult time so i was involved right from that right from when the lawsuit started so the truth and reconciliation commission of canada was asked to assist the survivors to move from an area being victims of the residential school experience to becoming. involved in a process of establishing a better relationship with the government and with the church as the story of the truth of residential schools in this country is a story about the resilience of children they have supported me in this work but at great loss to the relationships we could have had and which we will now try to
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recapture. were. residential school survivors. real weak in canada. this is not. only about. resilience there's a whole lot of truth that to has been shared it's also about reconciliation and there's not going to be any true theory conciliation in my telling or in new
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york dying it's going to take two or three or four generations. to work all this o.t. to get is the history books and have become commonplace that the guy next door knows where that in the future of canada will students and be told that this is not and in to go part of everything we are as a country everything we are as canadians that is the promise we knew for here all stood up for our. it was the closing ceremonies of the truth and reconciliation commission had a five kilometer walk from gatineau quebec to the city hall inaudible
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was approximately seven thousand people participating. many natives many non-natives there was different church groups civic groups people just bringing their families out to participate and support the native americans. by the time the commission's work ended almost seven years later that we had established the credibility of the commission only in the eyes of survivors but in the eyes of the country the truth and reconciliation commission has brought an image of canada forward that now includes this history. the national center for truth and reconciliation was created by the truth and reconciliation commission in order to preserve all of the materials that were collected under the mandate to the t r c but more than just preserving these
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materials and survivors right across the country have asked us to ensure that their statements and the other material that was collected finds their way into the hands of educators into the hands of researchers so we have a very important and critical role in continuing to expose the truth and should canadians understand the truth of what's happened in this country and for the contribute ongoing understanding healing and reconciliation in this country. canadians no longer have an excuse though which i think is one of the most critical things about this process of truth or reconciliation. be i don't know or i didn't know really is no longer defensible.
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let's. go. with the. you see though on. the very day. in many interviews and. i'm very hopeful i'm still a bit scared as to what's happening and what could continue to happen i want to see action i want less talk and more action so we all know that something is changing in terms of healing for the native folk and for white and brown and yellow canada.
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none. of them off with. her so i'm going to move. back into. him. and. give him. a. day when there is unique they're
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expressing their. their culture in the. good and genuine things aboard. the color of the old sits for. the dances the songs. when every residential school survivor is healed i'll be. going nuts that's how it went for me. until they're healed i will be and i'll keep dark and anybody who would listen. there's always
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hope without hope we're done. and now the house has to be home. and when i look at my grandchildren i think yeah there's a lot of hope. i see positive things for i don't.
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mean mars commercial capital yang gone is a symbol of its rapid economic growth but in its slums families struggle to survive borrowing money from merciless loan sharks is their whole inside this cycle of debt but when east on al-jazeera capturing a moment in time. snapshots of other lives other stories. providing a glimpse into someone else's work. on al-jazeera. hello there is still dry for most of us in the western parts of north america the satellite picture isn't picking up a great deal of cloud here we're told so unfortunately there's nothing weather wise that's going to help us in the fight against the fires elsewhere and towards the east there are more showers here and they stretch all the way up towards the
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northeastern part of the u.s. and the eastern parts of canada under that cloud and rain will see the temperatures drop a little bit for new york so i know high that around twenty five degrees as we head through saturday and on sunday we might just get a touch higher but they'll still be one or two showers around a bit further towards the south and the wettest weather here is being over parts of panama and stretching further north woods recently in this area is still going to see some very heavy rains as we head through the next few days we'll also be seeing more showers for the east though for saturday i think for some of us in cuba jamaica and his pen yellow there will be quite a few showers and a few more of them will be with us as we head through sunday as well the south america we've had some very strong winds and heavy rains in the south but that's pulling away now and behind it we're seeing the winds swing round come up from the south so it's been quite cool for some of us in argentina through europe why and into power and it's going to stay all the fresh as we head through the next couple of days fifteen degrees in one is ours and twenty two innocent should. be.
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denied citizenship. health care and education. forced from their homes to live in camps. subject to devastating physical cruelty. is their world investigates one of the most persecuted minorities in the world. silent abuse. then there's that they set sail for gold. but discover their resorts worth more than its won't even be. driven by commerce enabled through politics and religion executed with brutality. in episode one slavery roots charts the birth and rise of the african slave trade nothing in history that
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there's going to humanity. for all the gold in the world i want to just go. this is al-jazeera. welcome to the al-jazeera news our life for my headquarters and let me elizabeth coming up in the next sixty minutes president at the long course on turks to support their currency as the value of the plunges the middle widening round with the united states. a u.s. court orders chemical company monsanto to pay two hundred eighty nine million dollars to a man who says it's waived killa cost has cancer. dozens injured to impress.

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