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tv   The Imam And The Colonel  Al Jazeera  August 28, 2018 9:00am-10:01am +03

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sound boxset this is you know. i'm right madison in doha the top stories on al-jazeera a u.n. report says some of me and most top military generals should be prosecuted for genocide it says at least ten thousand people were killed in a crackdown and range of muslims last august me and was un representative says his government does not recognize the u.n. fact finding mission which produced the report arsalan iftikhar is a human rights lawyer for burma task force it works to protect minorities in me and he told my colleagues how raman that the u.n. report is an important step. the first important thing to keep in mind is that the
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united nations they don't use the word genocide lately genocide under international law is a term of art and it actually triggers protections under the genocide convention in other treaties which now the u.n. security council must take forward to decide whether or not they recommend the international criminal court the i.c.c. it to issue genocide indictments against military but is a good first step in the right direction going to go to the u.n. security again because this fact finding mission to find that i mean when it was committing genocide and now the security council is going to have to whether or not you are referred to the i.c.c. the problem here. is the fact that shot both china and russia which are bulls permanent members of the u.n. security council have been tested this reporting to me and my government and it will be told and so again there's going to need to be more international mounting pressure you're going to start to see many security council member countries issue sanctions against madam our travel freezes similar to what the united states and
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its treasury department has recently done so then we're going to start to see the ratcheting up of pressure against me on mars government with this genocide finding the japanese government says north korea still presents a serious threat and it's not taken steps to remove its nuclear weapons and research programs japan's been carrying out its annual review of its own military capabilities the porter says japan that needs to boost its domestic missile defense systems. the united states and mexico have agreed a new trade deal that replaces parts of the north american free trade agreement known as nafta canada is expected to return to negotiations on tuesday will will its goal is a director at california trade justice coalition he says canada needs to step up its demands as it enters talks. i think something that canada talks about a lot but they haven't been doing enough been pushing for progressive. issues in renegotiation so a lot of what we see kind of on both sides right now is rhetoric rather than.
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policy and a lot of positioning rather than. meaningful proposals so one of the things that we'd like to see them do and that they get a lot of support on would be to push for a strong labor and environmental standards with swift and certain force and that's something that we've been calling for our whole international coalitions been calling for since the beginning of the start of these negotiations so i think it canada words you push for those kinds of things they would get more support and they'd have more weight behind their kinds of demands iran's president haasan rouhani says iran will overcome renewed u.s. sanctions against his country he's been speaking in a televised speech to parliament about the country's economic issues iran's asked the international court of justice to suspend the u.s. sanctions imposed three weeks ago. the reuters news agency is reporting that sighting of a.b.s. king solomon has stepped in to prevent the national oil company from issuing shares to the public his son crown prince muhammad bin the solomon wants to sell five
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percent of the company which is known as i am quote one of the requirements of a deal like that is that regulators would be able to examine around cause finances but the reuters report says the king doesn't want to do that. a new cabinet has been sworn in in a stray that follows the ousting of malcolm turnbull as prime minister last week has been replaced by scott morrison tumbles expected to resign from parliament on friday u.s. president donald trump and kenya's leader have been talking about trade and security hudak and yet has been visiting the white house and yet i once more access to u.s. markets for kenyan businesses been wanting to discuss security and china's significant investment in african countries those are the headlines the news continues here after al-jazeera world. and the colonel by for now.
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i was at. october the twentieth two thousand and eleven libya's ex leader colonel moammar gadhafi was captured and killed. an end to get out of his forty two year rule. among the hopes for the rebirth of a nation were hopes for resolving a mystery surrounding a charismatic cleric in
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a moose a southerner was the leader of the shia muslim sect in lebanon. in the summer of one nine hundred seventy eight a solder disappeared along with two companions while on a visit to libya to meet. for over thirty years the in mems disappearance has remained shrouded in mystery a shadowy story from the ruthless world of politics. what became of the enigmatic cleric whose popularity transcended religions and who had transformed lebanon's shia from a downtrodden minority into political activists. could the downfall of the soldier who seized power and became a ruthless dictator offer up hope of new evidence and new witnesses in the case of the vanished in.
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that i was born in one nine hundred twenty eight in the iranian city of qom his family were of lebanese origin. he studied political science in the university of toronto and later moved to iraq oppose. graduate studies. in one nine hundred fifty nine sutter travelled to the city of tire in south lebanon to undertake missionary work he won many admirers and recognition. ten years later in one nine hundred sixty nine he was elected head of the higher islamic shia council in lebanon becoming leader of the country's shia muslims a set are called for social justice and development particularly in lebanon's poorest areas. in one thousand nine hundred four he founded the movement of the deprived aiming to unite people across communal rather than religious or ideological lines. a southerner was something of an iconoclast seeking to break through traditional barriers. to bishop use of minister of lebanon remembers
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a sermon delivered in a church in which he warned of the dangers of sectarianism. when measured superior the only. safe muslim or eman muslim. because these are various for you julia look there is a the more harder these. members would. assert his nephew recalls his uncle's views on lebanon sectarian nature the illness of the few mccauley a lot of. fear and. most. of. this fear but at the moment to live with here but there's no medicine and you know where one can call that one.
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in one thousand nine hundred seventy five civil war erupted in lebanon. assad or led antiwar protests most prominent of which was his sit in at a mosque in beirut. with anarchy in lebanon israeli attacks on villages in the south of the country increased. campaigned on behalf of the local population and he announced the establishment of a lebanese resistance movement called. southern consistently expressed sympathy for palestinian aspirations but his relations with the palestinian liberation organization were tense and uneasy. he criticized the p.l.o. for shelling israel and thereby provoking israeli retaliation which fell mainly on the shia citizens of the south. assad the son recalls the political tightrope his
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father had to walk. and. yet. was there bob. i would look. at. kelly a man yet afford. to have probably met. her father no affair would at a loss to me what could the last thing he. looked for the steam you have to do for you for. the. last. steve. steve. cooper is a former lebanese m.p. his father was one of the two companions who disappeared with us on the trip to
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libya. he believes that muammar gadhafi helped fuel lebanon's civil war for his own political ends. that have any if we. live. what kind. of the. gadhafi is right hand man. visited beirut during the civil war so he never met. the first meeting between the him and gadhafi occurred in one thousand nine hundred seventy five. according to a such as son it was not amicable. some survey never we can't remember when. we
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had. shaved head of if you have. your dog. can i be you can nor. there. between nine hundred seventy six and nine hundred seventy seven a sort of intensified his efforts to end the lebanese. many lebanese admired his courage and charisma but the found it difficult to mediate in a country so divided. in march nine hundred seventy eight israel invaded south lebanon under the pretext of crushing the p.l.o. . the united nations issued resolution four to five calling on israel to withdraw immediately. israel flout to be un resolution and set up what it called a security zone in south lebanon. toward the arab
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world to plead the case for south lebanon. then all jury in president who are a booming d.n. recommended the amount of the libyan leader. agreed . contacted get. the libyan leader invited us to visit him in tripoli. lawyer his saini has followed the case of the disappearance of a man and his two companions. more than.
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a remembers her brother's determination to visit libya despite warnings about good unpredictability. to. yeah i mean i'm young so horny and work through. them and they had their foot i don't know. the second of outsiders two companions who went missing with him was a journalist bus but dean. is eldest son recalls the last moments before his father's departure get under. the car with him and she. and. her lover. that would us me. to him without us me. the libyan embassy in beirut arranged three tickets on the middle east airlines flight
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from the. us. from beirut to tripoli via benghazi. on the eve of his departure spent the night at his sister's. for. a look at our door. and now we're. at this by the. by the. more you bring. me to my. cell phone. on the twenty fifth of all this nine hundred seventy eight. and his two companions
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let me root for libya. at eight pm any a few. landed at tripoli international airport. a southerner and his two companions that disembarked from the plane no one was there to meet them. at the terminal building they were eventually met by. head of the libyan foreign communication bureau. al jazeera interviewed who millard a protocol employee of the libyan foreign communication bureau who remembers the arrival of the man and he's two companions. will.
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soon see what kind. of cut the. candidate. if. we. do learn to new see was libya's intelligence chief and would become one of gadhafi is closest confidant so over the years. when tripoli fell to rebel fighters in two thousand and eleven the new season office was ransacked many classified documents were lost or destroyed amid the chaos of the downfall of gadhafi regime any hope of discovering a paper trail in our investigation into the disappearance of mr l. southern and his companions was made more difficult.
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by the. can feel. free of the stuff by them and could be the. libyan officials left the airport with their lebanese guests. southerner and his two companions were driven to the i shot the hotel in tripoli where they would stay. this is where the shouty hotel one stood. all the remains a rusty signpost and scattered concrete ruins. and. in two thousand and seven the hotel was demolished another element in the story of assad there in libya that has disappeared.
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the ashanti hotel had been among the classiest in tripoli as a place hosting foreign visitors it was heavily monitored by the libyan intelligence service visit to libya coincided with the anniversary celebrations of the september first revolution in one nine hundred sixty nine when gadhafi had seized power. government employee who some milat had been assigned to the man and his two companions during their visit. to the front office of the. little kind of a healthy. lead now let me have the. only answer. we. had any and i b. has. that is in the back of stuff out. and i'll stop there and also the. team caught up and what i said marked up
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well let me stop there. so too and i will in my most of the role of the seattle team. the bill itself was. the i'm of the shot one of. the foreign communication bureau who's close to the hotel once again who some notice the cool reception received. some of the stock will in. a moment to be walking from one american model much the long. hall of the clock the shuttle. but look of the filo. the to be the. world now that i will not.
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fail. spent five days waiting for an appointment with. the libyan government restricted the free movement of the a man and his companions. and they will provided no means of communication with the outside world. in lebanon the mom's family began to worry. me or. harm. me or. with. my. highly paid that. can kill myself will it really did. to your million.
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women to be in with. me and go on. and see. on the twenty ninth of august nine hundred seventy eight jordanian journalist joe harry arrived at the hotel to cover the anniversary of libya's revolution he remembers meeting the mom who did not seem to him at ease. to learn from books and live the reform in public. so. why. i don't see what kind of a ruler who those were and if you jimmy you had to be the. lawyer husseini offers a reason why the mom may have seemed anxious be. perhaps
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the in the phone call to bring news of the meeting he was waiting for. for the third time the meeting was postponed. the patience of the him was wearing thin. what. can be. more it. would leave it.
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to be. a matter of being sad i didn't have that. this. company was part of the official lebanese delegation in libya to attend the anniversary celebrations and which meant gadhafi. so what how it is. what we. care. about. we. believe in lurch but. the free. market.
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and. we all. mean. so. on august thirty first jordanian journalist joe henry met in the hotel lobby. we had be with. schools. for your book. for. this to.
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work. with us. and the who were there were no no. look where you were. and. who. you were there you see. you know their interests. their wanted to go to paris where his wife was in hospital this meant to missing celebrations for the anniversary of september first revolution. hell. i would let fear away at. a lot of lead. to. your idea. from the shot.
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from book. store shall set you need to ask me how the. teen. says. the brief conversation between. diem and dean suggests our souther was heading to meet gadhafi that day. after checking out the journalist i'll show her in the lobby. she was the last person to see them leave the hotel. who were just. a shift from. the.
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book without the work of. bees or so with the meal comes a little early so you know if you have the work of a so you are aware. of the look to. feel. and the who is in the shot that. say. the us and get the picture. september on al-jazeera with the u.s. midterm elections just over two months away we'll explore the mood of the nation as
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american celebrates labor day on television and online the stream continues to talk into the extraordinary potential of social media to disseminate news sweden the country known as the happiest in the world has been shaken by a recent spike in violence and it's now preparing for a general election people in power continues to examine the use and abuse of power around the world. the main body of the united nations general assembly is to build its seventy third session we'll bring you all the updates september on al-jazeera. and ambitious health system restore that paid off the show cutting it push the medium we enabled ten million of our ninety six million citizens to receive free health care without paying insurance premiums. that extraordinary story of turkey's monumental health care transformation and the people at the heart
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of it the people's health on al-jazeera. i'm about to send in doha the top stories on al-jazeera a u.n. report says some of me and most top military generals should be prosecuted for genocide it says at least ten thousand people were killed in a crackdown in the range of muslims last august me and was un representative says his government does not recognize the u.n. mission which produced the reports. the japanese government says north korea still presents a serious threat and has not taken steps to remove its nuclear weapons and research programs japan's been carrying out its i knew a review of its own military capabilities the report also says japan needs to boost
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its domestic missile defense systems the united states and mexico have agreed a new trade deal that replaces parts of the north american free trade agreements known as nafta canada is expected to return to negotiations in tuesday will which co is the director at california trade justice coalition he says canada needs to step up its demands as it enters talks. i think it's something that canada talks about a lot but they haven't been doing enough has been pushing for progressive issues in renegotiation so a lot of what we see kind of on both sides right now is rhetoric rather than. policy and a lot of positioning rather than. meaningful proposals so one of the things that we'd like to see them do and that they get a lot of support on would be to push for a strong labor and environmental standards with swift and certain enforcement that's something that we've been calling for our whole international coalitions been calling for since the beginning of the start of these negotiations so i think
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if canada works you push for those kinds of things they would get more support and they'd have more weight behind their kinds of demands iran's president rouhani says iran will overcome renewed u.s. sanctions against his country he's been speaking in a televised speech to parliament about the country's economic issues iran's asked the international court of justice to suspend u.s. sanctions imposed three weeks ago. i knew cabinet has been the sworn in in a story that follows the ousting of malcolm turnbull as prime minister last week he's been replaced by scott morrison tumbles expected to resign from parliament on friday that's going to put more pressure on the government's already slim majority and those are the headlines the news continues here after all jazeera world and the carnal life in the.
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in march nine hundred seventy eight lebanon was invaded by israel. souther charismatic leader of lebanon's shia muslim sect sought regional assistance . on august the twenty fifth nine hundred seventy eight southern traveled to libya to meet muammar gaddafi. six days later on august thirty first an official motorcade left tripoli's a shouty hotel carrying a souther and two colleagues shaikh muhammad and journalist a bust and bad readin. the three men were never seen again. question soon began to be asked about what had happened to them and whether they had actually made the libyan leader or not. several days after their disappearance libyan government
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official who some milat who had been assigned to be ma'am and his companions was visited by an agent from libyan intelligence agent was keen to assure milat that a meeting between the a mammon gadhafi had never occurred or were you know a man of humanity. how the shafts. of. attack if. you're from any other cuts. are step. in suffered. far learn a lot more carbon a lot of the money third job and you have a shot. in the model. of the house of the. hospital.
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in. the last known sighting of the a man and his two companions with them a leaving the hotel in tripoli on august thirty first one nine hundred seventy eight witnesses who saw them leave claim they were being taken to meet get happy in his private tent. it's difficult to track down anyone who was present at any such meeting but reports the filtered out that there was indeed a meeting between the m.m. and the colonel and that the meeting did not go well. former libyan military advisor mohammad was tripoli's prosecutor at the time of the amount his visit he heard several reports of the meeting and the topics discussed.
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feel he had. what he. had committed. and had it. from the. head it. was a member of libya's revolutionary council in one nine hundred sixty nine he confirms the story of a heated exchange over religion where suddenly a. female
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. lawyer husseini confirms the truth is hard to ascertain without conclusive evidence . that the. how long. it talian journalist stefan yellin miti has followed the case of us others disappearance she does not believe there was murdered on a point of religious dispute frank come in.
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why has an italian journalist been following the case of a lebanese a man who disappeared in libya. the answer there is an italian connection to the story three tickets were booked in the name of. and his two companions alitalia flight eight eighty one heading from tripoli to rome. the libyan authorities requested urgent entrance visas and yacoob from the italian embassy in tripoli their french visas issued in beirut were cancelled. there is evidence that passports of assad her and his companions were altered.
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even in the thirty first nine hundred seventy eight a southerner and his two companions were driven to the departure terminal of tripoli airport. exit stamps found later in the passports were dated on that day. but did they actually leave libya. what is known is that three men carrying their passports and bearing their names did board the flight to rome. shortly before midnight the alitalia plane landed in rome airport. men carrying the passports of a man who saw our souther and shaikh mohammed yaku had entry visas stamped. he. a transit to use it was issued for the man carrying the passport of.
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his passport has to this day never been recovered. the three men left the airport after midnight. the libyan embassy in rome it is believed that the three men spent the night here. the next morning september the first nine hundred seventy eight two men checked in at the holiday inn hotel in rome. one was bearded and dressed in a religious robe the other was in civilian clothes the two men checked in for two rooms and paid in cash for a one week stay at the hotel. ten minutes later the two men were seen leaving the hotel both dressed in civilian clothes and carrying luggage. ten days after the disappearance of the
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a man italian police discovered the luggage and passports of other. crew in the hotel in rome. but. something i something i thought. either. the italian authorities interrogated crew and passengers of the alitalia flight as well as staff at the airport and the hotel after a nine month investigation in
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a nine hundred seventy nine the italian authorities concluded that in southern and his two companions had not entered italy the libyan regime continued to insist that a southerner and his two companions had left tripoli for libyan assertions were unconvincing is especially as good kept changing his story. how well it. they have had. a lot of this if you want to get into many anything with. the killer massage and they will decide whether. the feel. i want to talk a. little more the ball more than even the many.
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others given what i think of it. we have to be really sure what we saw at least. though to get a lot of the idea we're going to really going to do and what he would never let me leave you. we're under thirty was only an example move. on the muscles of. the lebanese government and the families of those missing remain suspicious of gadaffi as declarations they held the libyan leader responsible for the abductions. there were also questions around a possible italian role in the strange affair. and our start up it should be only date anti cause the level of the sport he said. because of the story of the. libya trip all the pertinent issues of its
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security. mess this incident. for. a year after the disappearance of. other and his two companions the libyan regime share details of its preliminary investigation to italian authorities. italy contested the libyan account saying its conclusions were flawed to counter these charges the libyan regime produced employees who testified to the departure of the a man and his two companions from libya. al jazeera met former immigration officer abdurahman go away lawyer who was working in tripoli airport on the night the him and his two companions disappeared. we went with abdirahman go to his former work place at the immigration office. it was
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here in december nine hundred seventy nine that he is then boss called omar kuwait or had ordered him to bear false witness what would your lady be her. and then the bin. we. feel. for. you was certain. limits a matter they could have. for goodwill if a debate about the best let them have it was that the first. one has it and i'm only alice does that to be in the. middle.
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another libyan immigration officer who worked at the airport was also compelled by libyan security agents to testify that he had seen. her and his two companions leave tripoli. but that and we're here because i really really believe. from what i was and i'm the sort of. you know. feel my dignity and. ernie i'm going to show that. only the. which of late i want to share that. will fix. a smooth water surface with a different. mode with a shot with the other ones. with the health care that i
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had in my. shop with what appeared to. be on january the first one nine hundred eighty abdurahman go away or was summoned by libyan intelligence to confirm his testimony. but betty really sort of put off. sort of the year was sort of. while he. would be headed there was indeed the. one week later the two immigration officers and the tarhouni will each summoned for further questioning by the libyan judiciary. criticism of.
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it. you could. but. this is. what was going on at that. what is it that i mean when you have here and how do. you. go to be worthwhile the ships that are under. there there was a missile sub. that there was a. what about a month or so that there was there was a battle there for a while about as there was that the level had. been two thousand and five duffy asked italian prime minister silvio berlusconi to reopen the investigation into the case of. course in rome subsequently reported
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that there was no new evidence but the report hinted a father and his two companions might have disappeared in italy. italian lawyer has followed the case of the disappearance he's skeptical of the reports from the court ordered by berlusconi. but. after the fall of
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gadhafi regime in two thousand and eleven a number of his former aides spoke out about what had happened to him. abdul rahman who shall go former libyan foreign minister claimed the man and his companions had been killed by palestinian militant abu nidal who had been close to gadhafi. another top aide of the libyan leader ahmed ramadan claimed during a t.v. interview following his arrest that gadhafi is communication secretary. was linked to the disappearance. former government minder who is skeptical of remedy claims. at the. other end fee. then they are not. only among the mom of the shut the
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sons of gadhafi secretary. have denied the accusations against their father they produced his death certificate stating he died on march the seventh one thousand nine hundred seventy eight in a plane crash five months before. visited libya. major abdul muna m l who also heard stories about the fate of the other has. said that. if. you. never. there are numerous different and sometimes contradictory stories about the fate of
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him souther and his two companions the uncertainty is compounded by the fact that no bodies have ever been discovered. in beirut the lebanese judiciary and the families of those missing have never been convinced by reports from libya. who had. had a. better way. than in the early. early. besides stories of their murder there have also been reports of the him and his two companions being held at one time or another in secret prisons in libya. a former prison
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guard. was arrested after gadhafi his downfall he was himself in prison and. sources from inside the prison were most sodas held told al-jazeera of what he revealed under interrogation. by sewed claimed he had guarded. between one thousand nine hundred ninety two and nine hundred ninety five in a secret prison in tripoli. we were not granted permission. to meet and interview. the former prison. in north tripoli holds another story. al jazeera visited the place with witness. and former prisoner mu is. says he was imprisoned here in two thousand and one and he remembers seeing on the wall of his cell the words. that. time may have
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a raised the words. actually . it. was. out each year lebanon's shia community marks the day of the disappearance. shortly after gadhafi was killed lebanon sent an investigation team to tripoli which visited a number of jails and detention centers in several cities. was.
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the team pave the way for a high level lebanese diplomatic mission to meet libya's new leaders the delegation included the son of. the lebanese and libyan government agreed to make renewed efforts to investigate the secret prisons and to question former members of the libyan regime. about.
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eldora to him. who are about in their leisure well jamie. can never worship and can only on by. many state secrets may have gone to the grave with colonel muammar gaddafi the disappearance and presumed murder of him solder and his two companions still raises questions to this day. sadder often spoke of the need for truth and justice for those without a voice. his words ring truer than ever not least to resolve the case of his own strange disappearance.
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thousands of years. but such a traditional way of life is under increasing threat. al jazeera wound travels to the jordan valley where illegal settlements are expanding and the israeli military cordons off more of them now. what will become of the palestinian families and the palestinian authority alitalia shepherds of the jordan valley on al-jazeera.
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hello the weather's looking quiet but hot across much of the middle east as per usual well it's a clear skies pretty much wall to wall sunshine maybe just catching one or two showers just around the black sea just around our main about elsewhere as you can see temperatures typically getting up into the thirty's or thirty therefore by route forty four celsius for baghdad the still in kuwait city and maybe even touching forty seven as we go on into what is day that is a little bit of cloud there into karate so southern parts of pakistan could see a little bit of wet weather a little more humid here and sunny things a little more humid just around the u.a.e. for tuesday light winds here in doha temperatures around forty two selves just now fall back to around forty degrees a wednesday again with a light winds tending to feehan from the gulf it might just be a little more humid here by this date just want to see showers around the southern end of the red sea into the gulf of aden but nothing much to speak of or nothing much to speak of in terms of any wet weather across the far south or south africa
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so the southern generate dry a fair bit of cloud here fifteen celsius fork i doubt might just see want to two showers into central areas of mozambique for a time as we go on into way to stay showers not a little further north which much of southern africa are looking fine and dry jo'burg with a high of eighteen. to . the carter center.
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a u.n. conifer experts on yemen is set to issue with a report on the violations committed by all sides during the three year war. you're watching al-jazeera live from our headquarters in doha i'm dead navigate also ahead canada faces pressure as the u.s. to reach a new trade deal that replaces nastar. all of us will hinge women have been wondering how much time we will have to live inside a refugee camp roll call for concrete action after
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a damning un report indicts myanmar's military for genocide against the community plus the czech republic battles against the.

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