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tv   Shepherds Of The Jordan Valley  Al Jazeera  September 3, 2018 4:00am-5:01am +03

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the saudis must have known that by taking the action they did they were going to kill a large number of civilians because there was a school bus a market and a number of houses there so the saudis conducted their own investigation they say that the recently attack should have taken place is not because it would have killed a large number of civilians but because the leaders posed nor major threat to the saudi coalition at that point and human rights watch also say that people who are supplying weapons to either side in the conflict could be complicit in war crimes now we also know that both sides are due to sit down around the negotiating table on the sixth of september under the umbrella all of the united nations the problem is both sides don't want to be in the same room together so it's going to take some effort by the united nations to at least get a process underway that could lead to something that will deliver a peace in yemen and bring an end to what is an almost four year war. still to come on this program we'll tell you how new york scientists revived the thirteen oyster
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population to twenty six million last i'm sorry for sit in one of the last places you might expect to find high level showjumping right here in the gaza strip. how i was still got some very lively weather into central parts of here this area cloud is slowly making its way further race with so still seeing quite a crop of showers some of them thundery around the out surround northern parts of the balkans pushing right up across tech republic into the baltic states and knotting a little further eastward so warm weather coming in here as we go on through monday to the east of that more hot sunshine thirty celsius in kiev bequest at thirty two degrees the thirty four there for athens behind nazi bad getting up to twenty four
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in london and also in paris but a normal sane as we go on into juice day maybe even east of north the temperatures then twenty degrees celsius it will feel noticeably fresh up a shit stay dry thirty two celsius there for madrid by choose day that west the weather will just make its way a little further east was into hungary heading over towards rumania further south fine and dry warm sunshine right across the other side of the mediterranean there we go more the heat the car i thirty eight celsius tripoli at around thirty four degrees a little bit of cloud there just around the mountains of morocco and algiers that should thin and break by choose day warm sunshine coming in at this stage of data twenty five degrees celsius i'll just get up to thirty and a hot one inch units that's enough. one of the best health care systems in the. us with local doctors as the gatekeepers we have really can continue to. be cool makes you better
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but as the population ages what challenges does the u.k.'s national health service face the problem old people entering the practice in drugs because of the stress the paperwork. the u.k.'s frontline on the people's health on al-jazeera. hello again here is a reminder for our main stories on our. libya's u.n. back government has declared a state of emergency in the capital tripoli after five days of fighting between rival armed groups at least thirty nine people have died in the bible and. the u.s.
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is counseling three hundred million dollars in military aid to pakistan saying it's failed to take action against armed groups including the haqqani network and the afghan taliban. and at least six people have been killed in a suicide bomb outside the local government headquarters in somalia's capital mogadishu children are among the dead. church groups gathered in the german city of quetta next to call for peace after days of violent immigration protests tensions have been rising often iraqi and syrian who arrested over the fatal stabbing of a german man thousands of supporters clashed with police on saturday demanding chancellor angela merkel to step down the demonstrations also drew counter protests from groups loyal to mark. ranjit children banned from schools by me and maurice army are struggling to get a formal education in the country they escaped to three hundred eighty thousand i had to kids move to bangladesh in the past year and many aren't in school but one
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charity is trying to give them a chance to learn how much i'm joe reports. in this child friendly space in bangladesh young real hinge a refugee are getting a chance they were never afforded back home in me and more. and they're in a happy mood as they proudly show off their reading and reciting skills. save the children's daphne cook tells me how the informal program aims to teach more than just letters and numbers these are kids that haven't had any kind of education at all what that means is they might not know how to cross the road safely they might not know how to wash their hands so it's really basic stuff like that to keep kids safe and healthy in their day to day lives outside the learning center though a grim reality confronts you at almost every turn like these children who should be in school instead they're selling vegetables to help support their families or
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these teenagers who should be having fun with their friends instead discussing what little they have to look forward to before fleeing to bangladesh sixteen year olds used to dream of becoming a doctor and then a one month old one now i don't know if i can continue to study i would be able to do anything with my life i wouldn't have any skills i'm very worried that this could mean i might end up a thief one day just so i can survive i want to study z. obl completed the seventh grade in me and more but he hasn't been back in the classroom since he and his family fled the violence there. go to almost any camp for the displaced practically anywhere in the world and you find more often than not that in those settings it's extremely difficult for children to get access to a proper education but when you speak to are hindu refugees who fled me and more over the course of the past year you find out that their education crisis started
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long before they arrived here it's estimated that upwards of sixty percent of the real hinges are illiterate when you hear how these boys were often barred by soldiers from attending school in myanmar as rak kind state it's easy to understand why and at it i did not think we were on our way to class the army used to stop us and ask where you going with said we were going to school. what are you doing going to school unicef simon ingram explains how dire the situation has become over the past year we've had something like three hundred eighty thousand school aged children arriving here from across the border trying to get them into some kind of learning activities give them some sort of shape to their lives give them some sort of hope for in terms of learning and their education for the future that has had to be one of our biggest priorities while aid workers are cautiously optimistic that consultations with the government of bangladesh will result in
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a formal curriculum that's ready to roll out by october most of the refugee children don't hold out much hope for while they may not be in school they learn each and every day just how cruel the world can be mohammed. at the could you belong refugee camp in cox's bazaar bangladesh. thousands of people across russia have once again held protests against a government plan to increase the pension age despite president vladimir putin watering down the original proposal to try and quell public anger the new law would see the retirement age rise from sixty to sixty five for men and fifty five to sixty four women put in says the move is necessary to prevent the cost of pensions from bankrupting the country one of russia's most famous and historic sites is celebrating its ninety as birthday this week over the decades moscow's gorky park
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has been reinvigorated and reinvented many times much like the city itself a moscow correspondent for a challenge that looks back at its past and its possible future. ninety years old looking pretty good for its age gorky park has firmly reclaimed its position as one of moscow's most popular attractions like the city is part of gorky has been reinvented numerous times through communism and post soviet decay to its current sleeker more modern face but it is. the park appeared and nine hundred twenty eight it was designed for their proletariat the new and young state need in a new and young place where their pru teria could relax there was an idea to create a park of culture and leisure where people could get educated and take arrest. its energetic director betty glam invited the u.s.s.r. as most talented artists and dog attacks to shake the park even during world war
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two the park stayed open but when the soviet union collapsed in the early nineties corkey park's crown slipped to it hosted some of russia's first raves and metal concerts but its fairground rights became a shabby he developed a reputation for crime. that's all being swept away now beginning in twenty eleven a radical overhaul brought why fine chic cafes labrat playgrounds and more these days gorky park is alive with visitors go he parks modern reef it was the shape of things to come for moscow it was the first major project of a huge of an regeneration program that has been rolled out across the russian capital at a cost of billions of dollars. now much of modern moscow gleams to with riverside viewing platforms roadside swings and cycle paths the capital needed to revamp. some of those who've watched moscow's transformation say it's
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no coincidence this all followed the anti-government protests of twenty eleven and twelve analyst alexander bound of things or thirty's chose to ignore calls for political freedoms but grants the urban classes a more livable city they try to isolate and by nish their their protest activists but they made a lot of we can call it concessions or we can call it improvements eliminated almost completely their low level corruption and in the improvement of the city environment and their gorky park was the first project and the quest after this direction. down or says the opposition is now split about whether to accept such gifts from the authorities everyone else meanwhile is down in the park will reach alan's al-jazeera moscow new york city's center more than eight million people and
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now thanks to a small group of scientists more than twenty six million oysters as well that brought the oyster population back from nothing over decades of overhunting chris and salome has been following their efforts. long before lady liberty graced new york harbor its waters teamed with oysters sustaining generations of native american cabinet out in the water scientists along with volunteers are now attempting to return new york's waterways to their former glory as part of the billion oyster project in the fix two hundred it was tough to navigate the waters because there are so many i story it's over two hundred twenty thousand acres so this is a project that is native to new york's history. this site in brooklyn is one of the eleven where the project is attempting to recreate reefs with shells collected from local restaurants and baby oysters some from farms on the east coast others grown at a local school with the help of students by nineteen zero six new yorkers had every
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last oyster their reefs had been dredged up or covered in silt and the water quality was too poor for their regeneration it stayed that way until one thousand nine hundred seventy two the passage of the clean water act which prohibited dumping sewage and waste into the harbor even now the waters aren't clean enough to eat what lives there but he always to reef have huge benefits for the local ecosystem. i have a little superhero very tiny but they pack a punch and they really they provide such habitat for in the biodiversity of new york harbor nicholas jacobson helped make the metal cages that create the reefs and volunteered to help place them in the water the oysters slide in like a file cabinet so in the city there's not many options to really connect with nature it's mostly concrete and steel. but this really gives an opportunity within the city to kind of connect with nature and i guess just give back to the
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environment because we do take a lot and when it comes to the health of new york's waterways cultivating that connection may be just as important as cultivating oysters christian salumi al-jazeera brooklyn new york. israel's navy has blocked boats attempting to breach the naval blockade on gaza the palestinian vessels are part of a flotilla that planned to sail off the gaza strip to join an international campaign against the siege carrying students activists and several patients who can't get the urgent treatment they need due to the strict blockade imposed by israel well as we've seen there for more than ten years the headlines coming out of gaza have been relentlessly grim three wars a worsening humanitarian crisis political division all playing out under the restrictive israeli siege but there are pockets of normal life where people especially children can escape the chaos harris fawcett visited one such place for competition discipline and the love of animals is giving some young palestinians
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a cause for hope. as the fierce heat of the day starts to ebb it's time to get ready last minute grooming final checks on saddles and stirrups. and then out into the arena here in northern gaza given the territories recent history of conflict blockade and economic crisis it's perhaps a surprise to find young people here competing in what around the world is viewed as an elitist sport. ahmed ours ours he is aiming himself to be an elite showjumper taking advantage of the recent opening of gaza's southern crossing with egypt he traveled to jordan and then germany excelling in two five nation tournaments and i struggled for all of my ambition is to compete internationally in the recent tournaments i won first and second places some competitions allow us to qualify for the world cup but we've missed out on so many because of the siege and the closure of the crossings this is final training for a gaza wide competition unlike many sports in this conservative society here girls
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and boys train and compete together the contests a split according to the heights of the jumps not the competitors gender. there's no difference we like brothers and sisters and i'm ready to compete society does ban women from doing a few things that contradict additions but i didn't catch all continue. but the egalitarian ism only goes so far this is an activity reserved for the very few in gaza who can afford it stabling costs about two hundred dollars a month some of the horses imported from israel even europe are worth thousands. most of gaza's horses are used to heavy labor not sport unemployment stands at forty four percent more than half the population relies on food aid all around the world this is a sport that carries connotations of elite isn't and wealth but here in gaza more than most places the contrast between scenes like this and the realities of daily life for so many is particularly stark. trainer ahmed ramsey says working
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with horses helps children who no matter their relative wealth have had childhoods marred by conflict and siege but he says the costs are becoming harder to sustain. us hard but also. has more even well our families are now reducing their expenses including on this port many will send their son to get trained but when they reach a certain level with competition and fees and so on then they start. a few days later and it's competition time relatives friends nervous parents lined the side of the arena star rider made is finding his horse covered gold a bit hot to handle he places third this is the day you didn't know. i did my best and i trained very well and i hope next time to win a better place it's the kind of attitude required of young athletes around the world but perhaps especially of those growing up in gaza very force it gaza.
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when it comes to fighting fire with fire these young men and out the door are taking things quite literally every year people in the town and the japa hurled petrol soaked rags to add each other to remember the huge a volcanic eruption in one thousand nine hundred twenty two that forced all of the residents to flee authorities have so far not imposed restrictions on the fireball first of all that surprising a few serious injuries have been reported. and a member you can always find more on our website the address. dot com did take a look. hello again these are the top stories and al-jazeera libya's un backed government has declared a state of emergency in the capital tripoli after five days of fighting between rival armed groups at least thirty nine people have died in the violence and more
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than one hundred others have been injured forces backed by the government of national accord are said to have lost several strategic locations of the ahead is in tripoli for us. we're getting reports from the battlefield that there are other forces from the mountainous city obs in turn also moving into the southern suburbs of the libyan capital through tripoli taking advantage of the key unique situation there also on the western entrance of tripoli forces from the western cities from the bill because it is in the worst of the country have been also moving into the capital tripoli the u.s. is canceling three hundred million dollars in military aid to pakistan saying it's failed to take action against armed groups the u.s. accuses islam about of not reigning in groups including the hakani network the afghan and the afghan taliban president donald trump has previously said pakistan's
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taken billions of dollars in aid and given nothing in return but quote lies and deceit a new u.s. army general is taking over command of nato forces in afghanistan general scott miller was sworn into his new role in a handover ceremony in the capital kabul they've just been facing criticism over its security strategy in the country with a spike in taliban attacks recently at least six people have been killed in a suicide bombing in somalia's capital mogadishu the bomber detonated his vehicle by a checkpoint outside a local government headquarters. and human rights watch is calling for an end to all weapons sales to saudi arabia following the bombing of a school bus and you have in last month on saturday the saudi m r t coalition admitted the attack was unjustified fifty one people including forty children were killed church groups gathered in the german city of kenneth's to call for peace after days of violence and to integration protests tensions have been rising often
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is iraqi and syrian were arrested over the fatal stabbing of a german man well those are the top stories talk to al-jazeera is next. going to. war is beyond me. see. on malcolm webb income the capital of uganda which is one of the countries where thousands of chimpanzees can still be found off in the highland forested slopes because other countries they've already completely disappeared and wherever they live there on the tremendous pressure chimps like human living for the victims of
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feelings they use tools these are qualities that were discovered only in the one nine hundred sixty s. by a young british woman she lived with chimps. and grew closer to them than anyone before jane goodall widely seen as the world's leading primatologist conservationist talks to al-jazeera. you're one of the world's most recognized. him pansies what's so special about chimpanzees our closest living relatives on planet earth are we ninety eight plus. d.n.a. with chimpanzees a great deal of our communication non-verbal it's the same kissing and bracing holding hands patting on the back swaggering shaking their fist begging for food if you want your group of chimps to know exactly what they're about because we do the same they were the first wild animals in the scientific community to demonstrate
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tool using and tool making and it was that observation where chimpanzees were picking. grass dams to fish for termites but also picking leafy twigs and having to modify them beginning of toolmaking by splitting the leaves on the side branches and it was that that brought in the national geographic society to fund my research when the first six months money ran out so you know since then we've followed the life history of chimpanzees in the wild and in captivity because we work on captive chimps as well learned about the different cultures in different countries and like in west africa the rocks used as hammers to open the same nuts are gone but they don't use that so it's a cultural tradition passed from mother to child we've learned a great deal about the importance of the mother mothers have different personalities some are much better mothers than others and the good supportive
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mothers are the ones whose offspring do well the males get higher in the male hierarchy the females are better mothers so that the thing that's for me exciting about that is the reason i've done what i've done is i had a supportive mother what were the most interesting things that you discovered the greatest disappointment as well as the greatest similarities for as i've said it may nonverbal communication but in addition they actually have a kind of primitive war and they are territorial and the males patrol the boundaries of the territory and if they spy an individual from a neighboring community they will follow give chase keep very quiet for maybe over an hour looking they're looking for individuals and then they will kill them they will actually kill them so you know they have war on the one hand but also altruism
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and love and compassion so in both these ways the aggressive and the loving they're so close to us and when you. some of these discoveries you came under quite a lot of criticism for the implications that it made about done chimpanzees but also about humans in the press including criticism you as a woman were making discoveries about mankind possibly controversial enough in your kind of things did they say and what did you think about that. what i was criticized for was first of all when i saw tool using and the scientists said well she's just so well i'm just i haven't been feeling averse to we couldn't afford it . and so they wanted to disregard everything but then when the geographic center got and loic and he filmed it they could no longer deny what i had seen in fact even before that my sister came out i said i don't want anybody coming but she
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sounds like me and she looks a bit like me so she came with a camera and she actually filmed termite fishing so you know them and then they had to believe it but the next thing was the aggressive behavior because about time in the early seventy's it was a it was a political issue and science was divided i guess more than science but certainly science as to whether human infants are born with like a clean slate everything is learned from your culture from the society from your mother. and then on the other hand there were those who said well there's a lot of learning involved and. chimpanzees and human beings learn by watching each other and learning about their cultures so it was a very political issue believe it or not. and we had one of the first russians primatologist taking part in an international conference and when it came to
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aggression before he said a word he had to go off and telephone his boss in moscow so eventually i went to cambridge university after i'd been with the chimps for two years. so i had a supervisor who was wonderful for me but he was also one of the top people are just and when we had this conference he was there too and he was on the side of everything is law and that's what he talked about and i was saying you know. some things are inhabited it's instinctive that we have these aggressive selves i know as a mother because when your child is threatened you get this surge of adrenaline and sometimes anger it's not rational but it's there so when i sat down with him to have a cup of coffee i said what do you really believe about with that aggression is it
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mate do you know what he said to me he said jane i'd rather not talk about what i really believe that gave me such a bad attitude towards science i thought how can you be like this so these things aren't has progressed since then in his understanding of these things mainly the people who who. don't believe in all this inherited stuff and don't believe that animals have personalities and emotions and so forth they're mostly the people who are either in primate research labs where animals are tortured still or intensive farming and we know how cows and pigs are treated chickens and turkeys but it's mostly those people who don't want to admit. that animals have personalities minds and above all emotions and one interesting observation which i never forgot when you were thinking about different personalities. the of them hill
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at that time like. i think it was humphrey anyway and aggressive male so when an infant began screaming because his mother wouldn't nurse him the aggressive male went to attack the infant screaming so of course the infant screamed more and that blew any chance of a stranger however another male on another occasion the same infant old hugo was a much more gentle individual and when the infant made a noise he went and embrace him so you see the difference in the two personalities this is what's so fascinating there is different from each other as we are you're going from gum arrive and what's there why are you going when i first came to uganda it was in the mid sixty's and it was in the days of the mean. and at that time that was the intent. and they had i think about eight or nine infant chimps
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whose mothers had been shot for bushmeat and they didn't have proper cages they didn't know anything about them they wouldn't really wire netting cages they had nothing to do they were very disturbed and so i managed to find a zookeeper from london zoo who volunteered and her parents gave her a car so she could get around and gradually they had built up cages proper cages and introduced you know for chimps and many other animals to boredom is one of the awful things you see and in bad zoos they have nothing to do think of their lives in the wild and then think of being confined in a small space so one of the things that she did was give them paper and paint brushes some of them paint not pictures they'd make found shapes or circular shapes and began selling them which raised money so that was the beginning of it and from there it led to some of the chimps being relocated on to an island i don't
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know its name but somewhere near the sioux. then we wanted to create a proper sanctuary for the chimps so the island was created for orphan chips whose mothers were either killed for bush meat or they were poached so that the infants could be sent off and sold as pets or entertainment in foreign countries so they'd get confiscated so it was a mixture of mothership for different reasons conservation programs in you know africa even though we're half a century after. european colonialism continue to be dominated by white foreigners why is using that is well i'm not sure that it always is true. i'm not sure i think african politicians africans in all walks of life
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women are coming up and taking their rightful position in society and we got past the time when women in order to succeed decided they have to have male characteristic a book rush and pushing us that now women are beginning to fall into place with the characteristics make women i think a little bit different you know nurturing compassion because of the inference that we raise. so yes there is some male dominance and money coming in from outside but is changing you can't expect change to happen overnight after our brutal colonialism which actually destroyed some of the best people who might otherwise have taken over more quickly i mean we ruined that culture we were in so much about african society before european colonialism this was one continent maybe the last continents in the world where humans did live in
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a relatively sustainable way with wildlife and when the european colonial this came they hunted at a rate never done before they destroyed habitats as a rate never seen before. and then created major reserves in almost every country which involved of course displacing people off the land and to this day many of those communities living on the periphery of those parks still in poverty having lost access to natural resources they want to using the preservation of this wildlife a similar story of great injustice for many communities in this continent huge injustice i mean what white colonialist did i think can never really be forgiven in africa because i've traveled to many different countries and everywhere the history of white colonialism is brutal and. so when finally
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the europeans thought oh gosh we've killed off nearly all the animals oh yes we can develop tourism how lovely so some of them actually cared about the animals so we began to set up these national parks and as you say people were driven out of those areas and lived in the peripheral and many of them in poverty and of course those communities. were growing human population growth so huge problem so it was in eighty six that there was this big conference in which it became very obvious that chimpanzee numbers were dropping right across africa. and that's when i decided to leave research i didn't know what i could do so the first thing i thought i would do is to travel around some of the african countries where there were chimp populations it was seven different countries but
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also learning about the horrible problems faced by so many of the african people living in and around chimpanzee habitat you know the crippling poverty in some cases the lack of good education the lack of good health and ethnic violence which is getting worse because of that and it came to a head when i flew over the gombe national park in the tiny plane and looked down gombe was once part of this equatorial belt that stretched from east africa and curled through west tanzania through burundi uganda and then right to the west african coast through the congo basin and when i flew over in nineteen ninety and looked down it was an island of forest a tiny island of forces the smallest national park in tanzania surrounded by completely bare hills more people living there than the land could support they'd been moved from their traditional village it was really was supposed to be doing
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communal farming and that was not european by the way. they were struggling to survive and this is when it hit me if we don't do something to help the people we may as well give up conservation i'm very well aware of the problem you speak of when they've been forced out of the forest that's happened in burundi and i think it's happened in rwanda as well but i know about the burundi ones and it is shocking it's really heartbreaking to see them thrown out of the forest of course there's been this genocide with them. and we're trying to work with them. the lot of people in africa and many countries in africa. making a lot of money from wildlife trafficking or from destroying habitats for wildlife i mean there are many millions of dollars to be made from this every powerful people behind it. in your work have you run into conflict with these people of your being
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threats and or or anything like by the people whose interests your challenging well i haven't actually been threatened nobody from gombe has been threatened truly believe that's because we've always worked with the people ever since you know those early days it's certainly true we got your. fossil fuel industry you've got logging you've got as you say the animal trafficking and various other problems caused by us and all you can do is to tackle them one by one but after raising money for our different jane goodall institute programs across across africa i began traveling around the developed world to raise money but also to raise awareness just because of the problem you're talking about that it was our society that were raiding the forests for timber and
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so for the africans who were just making money out of it. and so forth so that's when i thought you know if unless we have new generations growing up to understand better our relationship with the natural world then. soon there will be nothing left and will suffer so that's when i began our roots and shoots program and it was basically there because they understand the diversity in the rain forest how everything is interconnected. from the very beginning we had our roots and shoots groups will work on three different interrelated problems to help people to help other animals because we are animals too and help the environment and we work with many of the governments all heads of state or senior politicians in the countries where he's invented species found i let the people who
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know each roots and shoots in each country does that sort of thing itself but. the other programs dear do you work with authorities a lot well. the point is that we try to be completely apolitical. so in the us for example if we work with or with a democrat will also work with a republican and that sort of thing i'm not sure about now but the old days it worked or the wondering if it's possible to be a political going back to the wildlife trafficking smuggling timber concessions. in africa in the countries where many of these endangered species or precious habits found then it's not possible to run a multi-million dollar rockets on the the radar of the people in power in fact it's not possible to run it without the complicity of the people in power and we've seen many leaked documents or wildlife investigations over the years that implicated
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heads of state and very senior politicians in these things so surely it's not possible to separate the politics from the very greatest threats to you know conservation that's true but but with katie i you know we don't directly tackle the government in a political way but go and meet with people in the government and talk to them and that's kind of different so but i i'm not pretending that i know the extent to which the jane goodall institute in uganda is working in the government you would have to talk with peta people who runs the program here but by and large it's sharing information it's reaching people's hearts that's the key so you're also patron of population matters which are because for voluntary reduction in human population to try and create some sustainability for people and. everything else. i wanted to ask you about how this could possibly be
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achieved and give the example of china as the only government that's ever actually tried to address population reduction but they didn't do it in a voluntary way. widely seen by many as a human rights abuse and causing a great deal of unhappiness for a very large number of people. there a way or is there another way to reduce the human population will i many going to talk about what i know about and what i know about the chari program in tanzania around a chimpanzee attacked where we began working all those years ago now there are people coming up and asking for. you know ways in which they can control their population and so we provide all the things that women need.
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we've had men coming in asking for specific to muse and the point is that now they are more in control of their own lives they're realizing you know we just don't have the natural resources to grow our populations so that culture is changing the sort of wanting a lot of children they want to have two or three children so that they can give them a good education. so that they won't be starving it's we've watched it change and so we have family planning initiatives in every one of these villages that i've talked about seventy five and it's worked so we didn't push it on that as their own people they do it we don't do it and this is the secret i think they're also still increasing carbon emissions still increasing your on the united states of america recently pulling out of the paris agreement and opening coal mines right. and scientists even saying that the powers agreement would save us from the point of no
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return as they call it anyway. things don't look very optimistic there either but what do you think well all i can say is that i know many people in the us were taking matters into their own hands. and trump was elected. i don't know what the future is in the united states i can't predict that some people say he'll be reelected which will be very harmful but on the other hand like take california if he even wants to succeed secede. they are taking their environmental problems into their own hands and it's working in california it's definitely working and there are other states as well in this time of changing climate destroying. reducing not resources in the things that we talked about there anything you've learned from chimpanzees humankind would be well advised to pay
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attention to right now well one thing i really think is maternal behavior because we're in danger in our modern society with women playing an ever larger role which they should i'm not saying we shouldn't but it's really important if you're going to go on with your career and have children maybe you're not overturn all type but you must ensure that your child has. one to three stable people in the child's life who will be there to give support to give nurture . you know if they're on happy to not just an hour in the evening of quality time that's not enough that's that's something different also they're really good at making up quarrels so you have a big fight and sometimes it's so bad that the victim will run away but if it's not too bad then the it's usually a male who's the aggressor and very often it's
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a female adolescent male who's been the victim of a fight and the big male is sitting there with his hair out and the victim will come up crouching screaming but begging for reassurance with a hand like this or sometimes they're so frightened that they've got their back to the big male and they'll reach back like this so once the big male perhaps the hand and sometimes that ends up with embrace social harmony is restored and we're not too good it would is your message to young people today well the message is basically the roots and shoots message you are an individual you matter you have different options in front of you but the first thing people come up to media and people high school and they say i really you know i want to make a difference i don't really know what to do so i usually advise them if they're
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going on to university to take a gap year and to leave their minds open i said you will probably find something that will make you say this is what i want to do and you can't imagine the number of young people who said i took your advice and i went around visited different countries and i suddenly knew what i wanted to do and then they go all out for it. and that's i think the most important thing is to be passionate about what you do. think primatologists and comes in very sinister thank you for talking to mt you have been a great. partner
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for. in an instantly shifting news cycle the listening post takes balls and questions the world's media exposing how the press operates and why certain stories take precedence while others are ignored the listening post on al-jazeera. lucio lives in fear constantly looking over her shoulder she says she was threatened by armed men as they ransacked a home she knows who ordered the attack and why they want to develop on her
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community and. we can't let the men to imitate us we need to continue they can kill me i'm not afraid of being killed i need to defend my people who've been here since fifteen sixty nine without any help from the government and now they want to destroy the forest that is part of us learned ownership in brazil is among the most concentrated on the call in the world those who ordered the intimidation the murders are rarely brought to justice. hello i'm david and then london and these are top stories and i was there libya's u.n. backed government has declared a state of emergency in the capital tripoli after five days of fighting between viable armed groups at least thirty nine people have died in the violence and more than one hundred others have been injured forces backed by the government of
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national accord are also said to have lost several strategic locations a un brokered cease fire collapsed on saturday and civilians are getting caught in the crossfire of indiscriminate shelling the way ahead has been to the site of one rocket attack. this is part of the rocket that killed it to the top ones since the beginning of the clashes that broke out a week ago. many civilians were killed by ugandan rockets as the minister. says and as the family members tell us here the rocket when it landed here and killed their top songs and you can also see you know there. remains of the explosion here on this. team that the rocket was the explosion was very strong that. is hard to
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watch here was also destroyed by the explosion which. is a state of panic among civilians especially with random rockets stray rockets landing in densely populated areas and it seems that the government of national movement is not a strong enough to put an end to this conflict people here and so many people in tripoli. blaming the government for not doing enough to stop this conflict the united states is canceling three hundred million dollars in military aid to pakistan because of its failure to take action against armed groups the u.s. accuses islam about of failing to deal with the violent groups operating on its soil including the haqqani network and the afghan taliban the tensions come just days before a meeting between the u.s. secretary of state back home payer and the new prime minister in non-con in islam
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about. and you u.s. army general is taking over command of nato forces in afghanistan general scott smeller it was sworn in just near all in a handover ceremony in the capital kabul and it has been facing criticism over its security strategy and the country where the spike in taliban attacks recently ruled recognizes that afghanistan cannot be a citizen even for terrorism world right now as we can afford it i know this is a bit long but it has been generational. ross. we have given people. i understand the region more for you know we're here you know terrorists exist to export more murder we talk to you this is threatening rivers we're going. we're probably going to go to radio. we don't have to borders. before i was doing daughter who were. you know young
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people. at least six people have been killed in a suicide bomb attack in somalia's capital mogadishu the bomber detonated his vehicle by a checkpoint outside a local government headquarters the armed group al-shabaab has claimed responsibility. human rights watch is calling for an end to all weapons sales to saudi arabia following the bombing of a school bus in yemen last month on saturday the saudi m.r. articulation admitted the attack was unjustified fifty one people including forty children were killed and church groups have gathered in the german city of quetta nets to call for peace after days of violence and immigration protests tensions have been rising often iraq in syria and were arrested over the fatal stabbing of a german man. thousands of people across russia have once again how to protest against a government plan to increase the pension age that's despite president vladimir
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putin watering down the original proposal to try and quell public anger. those are the top stories the people's health is next. seven billion people live on planet earth and every year six point five trillion dollars is spent keeping them healthy in. the pursuit of good affordable health care challenges governments worldwide and. we go to six very different countries to see the constant battle to successfully deliver the people's health. the u.k.'s national health service is recognized as one of the best in the world despite its many challenges. at its heart is
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a network of nearly ten thousand local doctors practices which provide frontline primary health care to some sixty million people living in the u.k. today was a cloud over music open. at one general practice in multicultural london we see the system of primary care put through its paces. under pressure and relentless demand yet still one of the most robust primary health systems anywhere. dr rachel hopkins is one of eleven general practitioners of g.p.'s at the killick st health center in central london well other been arriving here on a regular basis for seventeen years this month and eighteen years ago this was
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nothing it was a car park here and the health authority with foresight snapped up the land and built the building the health authority advertise for g.p.'s to start the new practice that they planned only we got it i can't quite stiff competition from other people who are interested in this great opportunity to build a new practice in an area that was very under doctor's omarion need and he would be evident building up our practice. or you could actually help a guy who. calls you get. an hour just over ten thousand patients they normally killing three health center they're all good but there's quite a high turnover certain people come and go but there are people who've been with us here is about a quarter of our patients go each year to rear placed by new ones so it's a continual battle to keep up with everybody and to and help the new patients settle into our service get.
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general practices like killick street provide free public primary health care for the local community both young and old. come on it was a head check out one where they're very bright guy law says he's developed smiley very nicely has made it every monday afternoon the practice runs a baby clinic you don't have any worries about her as we always see something i don't know that if you don't hurt her eyes a bit it's not really all right but sometimes when we go here when we go there at this age the eyes don't coordinate fully but there should be. i think i would need to buy four months old ok so if you notice anything like that happening after four months we'll see that is there anything in the family on either side of people with a screen two eyes not all. that will border go. for babies in
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the u.k. have to checkups the first one when they're born and then the next check is it's six to eight weeks with a huge potential physical health problems things like heart problems of course difficulties with feeding on growing well be a parent a perfect should be a parent by six to eight weeks as a medical student i was very moved by placement in the us working with children who were sick in hospital who were being discharged home for their treatment is complete because the insurance money had run out and that was so shocking to me as a british doctor that children can be denied access to kava ca's should this money have done just all for us back looks like me and he's nice and strong excellent want to healthy. you look around and you. in one nine hundred forty eight the uki set up the national health service. funded through the tax system its founding principle is that health care should be free at
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the point of need. critical to keeping this ethos alive is primary care provision which serves the vast majority of patients and saves billions of pounds. countries that have a primary health care system like we do with the n.h.s. and general practice have a much more cost effective system bred to countries like the usa that spend far greater percentage of g.d.p. on health and get far worse results statistically because we try to understand our patients get to know them individually we can come up with far more appropriate care in a recent international survey by the commonwealth fund the yuki's health care was ranked first out of eleven countries and the united states last despite the fact that the uki spent just nine point one percent of its g.d.p. on health care and the united states almost double that. if it didn't
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exist or probably cat doctors disappeared overnight it began in the n.h.s. that's how the n.h.s. works with a relatively small budget you are able to cover the majority of health conditions. today the yuki's primary care provides ninety percent of all health care for only eight point five percent of the total health budget. i would hope that our primary care system is the envy of the world it means that every person this country has been titled in to develop a past the relationship with someone you remember them and know what's wrong with them and be able to help them through periods of stress or physical ill health the uki is said to have a higher percentage of doctors working in primary care compared to other european countries. britain is also internationally recognized for having the highest number of people with an assigned primary care provider one thousand percent of the
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population are registered with a general practitioner. like george has signed up to kill excrete health center. and the two of them that everybody seems to. think of a bit special i don't know but that's where it makes me feel. if. i'm going to look at bank of i'll hear you ask. them if it's a dance all right. linda stay in is a senior practice nurse to save money and free up doctors time patients who need minor ongoing treatment are cared for by nurses get take this show off george if that's ok george has been coming here for seventeen years ever since it. on. that. basis quite a few years and i've been there and up in tree with the truck.

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