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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  January 6, 2019 2:00am-3:01am +03

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as to as you're high down here towards quaid city we do expect to see a passing shower and a temperature few of twenty one degrees where here across the gulf we do expect temperatures to begin to go up particular here in doha where we're going to be starting the day here on sunday with a high temperature view of about twenty five degrees by the time we get towards monday it gets a little bit warmer we expect to see about twenty eight here over towards abu dhabi it's going to be a warm day as well with a temperature of thirty degrees and then very quickly i want to take you to the southern part of africa we are expected to see some clouds and rain over here towards durban the rain's going to continue and we do expect to see a temperature across the region of about twenty seven degrees johannesburg a little bit warmer at twenty eight.
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with al jazeera these are the top stories this hour president donald trump says the partial u.s. government shutdown could last more than a year if he doesn't get funding for a wall along the u.s. border with mexico it is not day fifteen of the government shutdown but just left a hundred thousand federal workers on. the u.s. national security advisers who want the government not to see the withdrawal of american troops from syria as
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a green light to use chemical weapons members of the minority your c.v. community of pleading with the u.s. not to remove its troops. and the u.n. envoy to yemen's arrived in sun on a mission to convince opposing sides in the country's civil war to it he is for fragile sings fine if it's previously helped broker the cease fire in a data saudi backed yemeni government we can rebels of accused each other of breaking teachers. the u.s. has deployed eighty military staff to go ball and offer a disputed presidential election in nearby democratic republic of congo says the troops will support the security of u.s. citizens and personnel in case of violent demonstrations after the results of this long delayed election are actually declared now in the past election officials that they're not actually expected to announce results until next week dozens of people have been killed in the latest ethnic violence in the west african nation of bikini seven people died when armed men attacked the village of you who which is made up largely of people of must see ethnicity and on the following day residents
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retaliated by killing thirty nine people in for lonny in communities across the region reports. the minister of interior in britain f.s.a. may call this a terrorist attack but no one has claimed responsibility for it and no one has been arrested it all started on the night of the thirty first where gunmen on motorcycle killed shot down a village chief just a hundred kilometers away from the million border where an insurgency is taking place the men that were behind this attack were said to be from full on the ethnic origin the philosophies are a group of herders that struggle along all of this highly in countries. their distinctive with their long robes and garbus the next day villagers from that area sought to get revenge and they attacked anyone that looked full on the at least forty people had been killed they went out with guns and knives now this attack comes at a time where the insurgency in this how the area is increasing back in december the
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armies of the five sally and countries friends as well as the united nations a valued to bring peace and security in this region but they have so far failed one man muslim jiko abreu keno fonso national has been and has been behind numerous attacks in wanted to and in the regions of brick you know faso now some of the people that we've spoken to from the government say perhaps that he may be behind this latest attack to try to sow division among the population between the full on the ethnic groups but there are numerous ethnic groups that are in breaking a fast so brazil's new president jaya both went out i was sending troops to the northeastern state of chaos in a bid to crack down on violent gangs the military is already facing an early test after forty tourists were robbed at gunpoint in rio de janeiro laura burden manly
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as more. it is brazil's most iconic landmark christ the redeemer a talisman is a rio de janeiro seen by many as a symbol. piece but the trail leading up to it on koch about amount and has become known for violent crimes dozens have been ambushed held hostage and dropped at gunpoint prompting tourists to think twice about visiting yes and no i'll bet i see no live advised us that tourists were robbed yesterday so we didn't hike up we have our camera so we didn't go i didn't want to go because the people there day rob forty people and it's a little bit scary as a tourist you want to be safe you want to go you don't want to miss your cell phone your wallet your camera. it's not the first incident last year the area was closed after a polish man was stabbed the trail runs close to a fan at all city slum that is home to some of the poorest in the city. many fear
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that it's a run by drug gangs and criminal organizations rising violence and red as you narrow has impacted the number of visits has in two thousand and seventeen there was a reported loss of more than two hundred million dollars in tours in revenue. both scenarios swept to power on a promise to crack down on crime and corruption to fulfill his promise he sending three hundred soldiers to the northeastern state of seattle to contain violence by criminal gangs. the national force has already been contacted the mobilization plan is in action and is about to leave scenes like this in not unusual and brazil's northeastern state there's been a wave of attacks in the previous few months that's included armed robberies and the targeting of public buildings and banks brazil has one of the highest murder rates in the world with tens of thousands killed every year paulson are has vowed
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to take action but arming civilians experts say this will only fuel the violence. man made al-jazeera. has accused the u.s. of plotting with a regional bloc to overthrow president nicolas maduro his government or than a dozen foreign ministers from latin america and canada have said they actually won't recognize my daughter as president if he is sworn in for his second term next week the lima group as they called say elections in may we're not credible minutes calling for power to be transferred to the national assembly until a free vote can be held. hundreds of yellow vests protesters are back on the streets of paris this saturday live pictures from the capital of a momentous demonstrations which first began in november over a proposed fuel tax but which was later abandoned by president manual these protests have often turned violent at least ten people died over the generation. the orthodox church of ukraine is split from its religious leadership in russia
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their cue medical patriarch in istanbul which is the church's worldwide head has signed a document granting independence a russian church is said to have broken all links with its ukrainian parishes rob matheson has more. for the simple sweep of a plan ukraine's orthodox church has gained their independence or autocephaly a move likely to infuriate russian religious leaders and deepening of a global split in the church days before the ceremony in istanbul the leader of the author talks church worldwide denied he'd been given bribes to authorize the separation however he admitted to a group of children he had been given chocolates by ukrainian president petro poroshenko. president poroshenko also has a chocolate factory even if the russian church is accusing me of being bribed with money to do this autocephaly in reality i didn't receive money because i got a lot of the sweets and chocolate from the factory apportioning go. according to an
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agreement made to centuries ago ukraine's orthodox churches have been under the jurisdiction of the churches of russia branch but pressure has been growing for ukraine's churches to sever ties since the country became independent from russia in one thousand nine hundred one. and that pressure has been getting stronger since russia annexed crimea in twenty fourteen when large parts of eastern ukraine were taken over by russian backed forces and for fighting continues. crean's leadership headed by president petro poroshenko who's been attending saturday's ceremony accuses the russian controlled side of the church of spreading pro moscow propaganda a charge russia denies if you can see it in the you dear ukrainians this is a stark of beat this is a great day i'm sure that it will go down in history for river. document authorising disapprobation known as the thomas will be taken back
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to crane on sunday the orthodox christmas scene a celebration is to be held in kiev the following day a celebration the church as leaders in russia may not share but modest algis in. thousands of anti-government protesters are out on the streets of hungary again calling for an end to new labor laws the ones which allow employees to demand up to four hundred hours of overtime every year position groups union workers students they will pledge to make twenty nine thousand a year of resistance protestors are also angry over changes to the country's judiciary which they say could threaten the dependents of judges or to zero as many recolors more from budapest. a few thousands of people took to streets of look at this today protesting against so-called slave law or do overtime act that was passed in the hunt gary in parliament last month they're criticizing that law they're saying that we did this law people in hungary were even six days per week
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in this overtime. two hundred fifty overtime hour of hard work on up to four hundred overtime hours for years and workers can refuse to work overtime but the unions are saying that some of the workers will get fired if they refuse this overtime eggs or refuse to work overtime hours this is protests are organized by the united states' position from the far right to the far left they're all united in this protest and they are calling the year two thousand and ninety a day year of the resistance against the regime of the. fun teenage girls have died in a fire at a games center in northern poland it's believed the fifteen year old was celebrating a birthday in what's known as an escape room where players a locked in a room enough to solve clues so they can get out safety checks have been ordered
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a thousand such escaper in that sentence in poland. tensions reach boarding point on the streets of melbourne in australia after a far right nationalists faced off against anti racism campaign is members of the far right rally were protesting against milton's youth crime problem which they blame on people of african descent or from kathy novak she was at that rally in melbourne. well demonstrators here in melbourne are on the move in the beachside suburb of st kilda police have been trying to keep the two sides apart far right nationalist on one side and pro multiculturalism groups on the other the far right groups said they came out to protest what they said is a spike in african crime on the beaches there have been more reports of violent crime here in melbourne and there's been a lot of focus in the media on african australian groups call the other side say it's not fair to paint the entire community with the same brush and they say they
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have come out here in support of immigration and of the african australian community. turkey has introduced a charge on single use plastic bags that tries to clean up the mediterranean sea its waters are polluted with thousands of tonnes of plastic every year manufacturers say tens of thousands of jobs are now at risk only with more now from istanbul. like many countries worldwide turkey has a major problem with plastic waste turkey is your second largest plastics producer and six in the world. millions of tons are thrown away every year. often ending up in the mediterranean sea and littering turkey's coastline it is a system aged one hundred forty four tons of plastics from turkey alone and up in the sea every day one are of it refined fish has my free plastic in its digestive system and one million. birds are
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suffocating in plastic bags every year. the turkish government is implementing what is called a zero waste policy turkish m.p.'s passed a law aimed at cutting the cost stemming from pollution in the long run single use plastic facts are the first target. from now on. shoppers will have to buy plastic bags shops cause given the way face a fine farmer's market traders around sure have the new law will work it would cost too much for a customer how would we charge them if they'd be to keep the bags and use them again the turkish government estimates every turk uses four hundred forty plastic bags every year with the new plastic bag tax that total is expected to fall to forty a year by two thousand and twenty five many people here are hopeful the new government's measures to reduce plastic consumption will be just as successful as the ban on
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smoking in public places a decade ago and more mentalist say the success of the new regulations depends on troops being for sponsible citizens they need to be encouraged to avoid single use plastic packing and to help save the world from the dangers of pollution. plastic bag makers say the law could make tens of thousands of factory workers redundant god bags can be recycled for maximum of three times the main problem is a lack of awareness and decomposing. turkey current the recycles thirty percent of its plastic waste within the next twelve years the government says it is aiming for one hundred percent c namco solo al-jazeera a stumble speculations mounting about a historic visit to south korea by north korea's kim jong un improving relations are having a marked impact on the heavily fortified border that separates north and south and south korea correspondent robin broad traveled to young playing island
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a short distance from the north korean mainland from its observation points you can clearly make out the coastline of north korea just twelve kilometers away and at times of extreme tension young people on the island has found itself in the sights of north korea's guns. eight years ago it was the scene of an artillery jewel that killed four people and wounded nineteen others the most serious clash since the korean war today the same waterfront is it peace following a year of diplomatic engagement between the leaders of north and south korea. for many of the two thousand people who live and work here things have never looked so good you know until the good things should improve for better kim jong un wants to sort of one day in given that must feel free conciliation things will improve but the fractious history of into korean relations makes others more cautious talking.
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with their track record and it's possible that they might change in an unpredictable way so i don't have complete trust. today the only sound of gunfire comes from the firing ranges of the marines who are based here the shelters that people are taught to run to when the event of an attack are chained and locked. one of the houses destroyed in the attack has been preserved as a memorial the disputed maritime border has long been a flashpoint between north and south korea in addition to the shelling of twenty ten there have been deadly clashes between naval vessels near here but the remarkable improvement in korean relations in the past year is having a remarkable impact on the heavily fortified border separating the north and the south. guard posts along the demilitarized zone have been dismantled and the
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numbers of weapons facing off against each other reduced. assuming the process continues the fortifications of young piano i learned could eventually become part of a bygone era rob mcbride al-jazeera young people island south korea funny japanese sushi entrepreneur has paid a record three point one million dollars for a giant bluefin tuna fish in tokyo's famous new year to no auction sushi producers and wholesalers have been known to pay huge sums for the biggest and best fish this really is the highest price on record there are warnings however that the species is close to extinction but stocks of pacific bluefin tuna depleted ninety six percent from pre-industrial levels. let's take you to the top stories on al-jazeera president donald trump says the
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partial u.s. government shutdown could last more than a year if he doesn't get funding from all along the u.s. border with mexico it's not day fifteen of the shutdown which has left eight hundred thousand federal workers unpaid sick several is on there with more from washington. democrats say we'll give you money for border security but not for a wall and trump built his campaign as we all know about building this wall never never mind the fact he said mexico's going to pay for it now and you know there's doesn't appear that's going to happen he's asking for the tat u.s. taxpayers to pay for it put that aside for a minute and just look at the basic issue of building this wall whether it be the entire length of the border just be part of it he has to build a wall to satisfy his core base of supporters and he knows that the u.s. national security advisers warned the assad government not to see the withdrawal of american troops in syria as a green light to use chemical weapons members of the minority community are
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pleading with the united states not to remove its troops the u.n. envoy to yemen's arrived in sun on a mission to convince opposing sides in the country's civil war to adhere to a fragile cease fire and griffiths previously helped broker the cease fire in the port city of data but the saudi backed yemeni government and the rich the rebels have accused each other of breaking that truce and the u.s. has deployed eighty military stuff to a disputed presidential election in nearby democratic republic of congo president donald trump says the troops will support the security of u.s. citizens and personnel in case of violent demonstrations that's off the results of a long delayed election are declared however in the past hour election officials said they're actually not expected to announce results until next week and that is why it is accuse the u.s. of plotting with a regional bloc to overthrow president nicolas maduro as government more than a dozen foreign ministers from latin america and canada said they won't recognize
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mathilda as president if he is sworn in for his second term next week the so-called lima group of countries says the elections in may and venezuela would not credible we are back with your news are in about twenty five minutes from now up next inside story. grabbed. land reforms now white farmers in zimbabwe will be compensated they say that's not enough. moms trigger another crisis. for the success. story.
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down thousands of white farmers in zimbabwe were forced off their land during former president robert mugabe's rule but they might now be awarded some compensation the government says it plans to pay more than fifty million dollars to those who were evicted but critics estimate the bill billion dollars. has this report from the town of chegutu. that was seized from his family nine years ago is difficult he's distraught to see the farmhouse in such a state and doubt some government will keep its promise to pay fifty three million dollars to compensate former white commercial i believe what is happening is
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government is. trying to make the right noises in order for the international community to come in behind them and say we're prepared to put money into this but they're not serious about it. the compensation is for improvements made to the farms such as dams and tobacco bans but farmers who lost everything say fifty three million is nowhere near enough it's estimated zimbabwe's cash strapped government needs at least nine billion dollars to compensate four thousand displaced white farmers. with. the much needed from the. truly. compensating whites is not popular with some black war veterans who helped force the farmers out there that say much of the
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good land were to senior officials in the ruling party just. because i don't have it in and. we don't have land so far away from us to be considered i feel it's an insult the commercial farmers union says several farms are overgrown with weeds and wild grass on this land the sun flowers maize and mangoes that were once here are long gone this used to be a four bedroom house and this was the kitchen the taps or over there they've been removed people who came in took the tiles and the sink so and whatever bricks they could find the house traced all the way back there that used to be the lounge and the living room for bend free compensation if it happens is not enough he says property rights and the rule of law have to be respected otherwise history will keep repeating itself. al-jazeera zimbabwe. first take
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a look at zimbabwe's land reform policies the first effort to distribute land more fairly was started in one thousand nine hundred eighty but when zimbabwe gained independence from white minority rule at that time the majority of arab land was owned by white farmers the plan was based on a willing seller willing buyer policy which meant the government would not force the sale of land but in two thousand a new phase was introduced to accelerate the process and land was seized from white farmers it was in visitors that fifty thousand square kilometers would be subject to compulsory purchases from whites over five years so barbarous experience was often compared to south africa's both countries share a history of land ownership inequality. let's bring our guests into the show now we have joining us from harare by skype derek matty shack senior researcher at the institute for security studies in
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pretoria in nairobi is at a concert to see know of rich management and in emerging markets economist and from london joseph a scieno a commentator on african affairs and former columnist for new africa magazine good to have you all with us if i could start with joseph so is there zimbabwe in government's land reform policy a positive thing a much needed policy much needed by the country and the economy. absolutely and in my opinion. needed to have taken place not in two thousand but much but i think we need to put this in context including harrah's a report it is the case the introduction rightly suggested that the process started in one thousand nine hundred eighty landa was the cause of the fight for independence in the court under the center what happened was when the stalemate arrived the lancaster house agreement provided for one that while the war
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ended i knew they went through the democratic process. land would be redistributed on willing seller willing buyer and what would happen is that they got on top of the process led by britain would provide the funds to be able to do just that the thing is that the british and others of their allies failed to commit that to all of their commitments because of politics going back to towards the year two thousand and one thousand nine hundred ninety five ninety six ninety seven particularly. in for we go into too much historical depth of analysis what i want to do is to focus on now your overall feeling is this is a land reform paul a policy that is positive for the country in the economy right that's your sentiment london for london form is an imperative the context is important because as we are saying and i think as part of your report suggests yes the conversation
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process of the moment zimbabwe needs money most of the africans in zimbabwe still need land including the lady in that clip what does a modern government need to do is to make sure that when people who lost their land unfairly white people who lost their land unfairly be given to them and indeed there was a lot of core option in the process to suggest that you steal my car and then i pay you back for for for for servicing it is neither here nor there all right let's bring derek into it do you agree overall this is been a positive thing a much needed policy for the country even if some of the details need to be sorted out about how much compensation needs to be paid. well you need to look at land reform policy as to what was happening in two thousand and what was happening in one thousand nine hundred what's happening out at present and what's happening at present is certainly there's a need to revisit the issue around compensation for land but most importantly the most important policy which is required at the moment is to provide secure tenure
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for land so that those land leases are transferable and what's called bankable here in two thousand there wasn't actually a land reform policy what was taking place in two thousand has to be viewed in the political context with the land grab that took place in two thousand was more about the retention of power by zanu p.f. than actually what later became the pos tract land reform program ok so maybe politically expedient economically the alley at the end of the day from an economic perspective what has the land reform policy what sort of impact has it had on the agricultural sector on the economy so the first point to note is that zimbabwe historically was a bread basket its its agricultural production was enormous it was able to feed
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its country in many of the countries around it and in the last few years we've seen a significant deterioration in production so the issue is you know how do you get back to a fully functioning productive agricultural sector and where are we now is saying that insincere i'm saying alison give me a little to one thing but let me bring you the argument from supporters of the government who would say maze production for example in two thousand and seventeen is the highest in two decades tobacco production another success story they say that's that five hundred seventy six million dollars worth of it produced in two thousand and seventeen as we say it's been deteriorating in the last few years. well it's statistics isn't it you're comparing it to two decades ago two decades ago was as far as i can remember in one thousand nine hundred seven or one nine hundred ninety eight so it depends where you go back towards but i think if you look at it you can't you cannot argue that the agricultural sector in zimbabwe is
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as productive as it can be so i think you know what one one is going to look at it and and and add in that once we have that admission we can then work forward and say how do we get it back to where it where it could be and i think what president man and god was trying to do with this fifty two million dollars. compensation is thread a needle he's trying to open up he's trying to refinance he's trying to reopen zimbabwe to the global economy and in order to do that he's got to make some kind of gesture of restitution and i think that's what he's seeking to do the problem in zimbabwe of course is you've got a mickey mouse currency you've got a situation which which cannot go on it's practically venezuelan in terms of the currency and i don't know how it's going to square the circle it becomes very very populist sammy you know the idea that i know there's a historic wrong we all know there's a historic wrong but essentially by grabbing the land and giving it to people are
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not competent but well positioned with the ruling elite is simply not going to deliver a thriving agriculture sector you made some good wine as a man and god was on their mates i'm reading good points i want to take them to joseph so the sort of sentiment i guess from an economist perspective there would you agree with that that this policy hasn't been a success i mean mickey mouse currency is alice said you know the inflation the fact that it's gone from being the breadbasket to. just struggling to try and get to former productivities levels. well i suggested this before the peak of the campaigns for democratic reforms in africa that once upon a time upper class of africa was the most powerful economy on the continent a little mean that it was right you know quite clearly the land reform process the land grabs the it political language is
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a necessity the issue is really we also need to look at zimbabwe today as a matter of reality and we are totally agree yes this fifty two million is a gesture suggested to show that the present government is different from that of robert mugabe absolutely absolutely sensible it has to be supported i think this governments need to be supported to simply say that yes you are giving an element of a gesture what can we do what lessons can we learn but i think if some of the tones of the conversation is such that we must go back to where the argument was between nine hundred ninety seven and the year two thousand we're actually going back to square zero and we're going back to square zero in a risky way in a manner in which but i think that it would and i think it actually a number of the guys that are who are not we have more productive era is what he's trying to say i think. we need to recognize that. this tradition the status quo that it was was not right the fact that some beggar was a breadbasket you know is no dispute but was a bread basket in which the vast majority of the zimbabwean people the vast majority of the citizens of the african citizen bourbons who is allowed to act literally grabbed by force and in many other ways rather brutally did not have the
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land the question is how fair has this process been a totally agree there has been corruption there's been a nepotism in the process and i think this government talk about london form. audit process in the last two months i would like to know from them how well and how successful that has gone and that's why i also suggest that for the white people whose land were taken and reasonably unfairly and grabbed by people rather illegally or yes right that must return but part of the process was that this movement it was literally stretching of war in the first ten fifteen years ok ok that coming give allie a chance to come back in on this one briefly because i interrupted him is it is it good enough to look back and say well it was the breadbasket it was the breadbasket for a minority of people who are benefiting. well you know i look at it in the national interest and it isn't zimbabwe's national interest to produce as much food as possible in order to feed the people and if you look at it this obsession it's
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a little bit like trump's war you know i appreciate that this land was grabbed unfairly but you know that was then we can't do anything about it now what can we do now we have to put a come police to farmers on the land to maximize the output and therefore feed our people but if we go around telling people all if you can get a quarter acre or a half acre because it was stolen from you it's just not going to work and i think we it's a very circular argument everybody goes back to the one nine hundred eighty apart tate you know ninety five percent of africans are a born free generation they deserve better than these regurgitated arguments about is about history feed our people give them opportunity but it's not going to happen by slicing land up and saying here's a quarter acre here here's restitution and i think that's where the political
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argument is failing our citizens entirely and the same things happening in south africa rwanda interesting lee i saw in the last two days president gummies taken the land back because he's realized it's not working so i think we've got to get beyond this historical story it is real it happened but what is the situation right now in the situation now is zimbabwe has the potential to feed itself and the potential to feed a lot of countries around it and that's what they should be well i know for sure joseph is going to have something to say about all of that but before we give we come back to joseph i want to go to derek again and say you know the point that you made about basically stabilizing land ownership rights is that government's current policy. of i think that fifty three million dollars compensation package is that a step in the right direction. well. what i've seen from the conversations so far is that
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a lot of the politics is being airbrushed out of the discourse if i could just go back a little bit to the to the previous discussion. there was a conversation as to why no land reform had taken place up until the year two thousand there was a reason for that mccarthy was very aware that some bubbly was agro based economy and that agro based economy was being driven by largely by white farming and also by industry downstream from that that white farming there was an unspoken agreement with the white farmers you stay out of politics and you can to keep the land and when the whites got involved in politics that's when the land invasion started the zimbabwean economy immediately began declining by ten percent per annum after those invasions took place at a time there when there was a regional economic boom driven by commodity prices and other economies were
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expanding by about ten percent doesn't bobbie an economy collapsed by ten percent per annum so those land invasions it was not a land reform program it was simply a mechanism by which one appeared sought to stay in power and the economy suffered enormously from that and has yet to recover from that you mentioned that tobacco is picking up it is picking up but it has enormous environmental costs there's deforestation taking place to cure the tobacco this child labor is children suffering from nicotine poisonous cetera it's not a success story it's not a pretty picture yes twenty seventeen was a good year for mays because we had phenomenal rains that year which are unlikely to be repeated it wasn't only the the rangers the supporters of the government say of course it was also the government's command agriculture policy as well played a role in that. yes yes that that played a part but the command agriculture policy would have failed dismally had it not
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been for for the phenomenal rains that we received that ok i could lose them i want to go sorry i'll come back to the moment but i can see joseph was shaking his head i take it in disagreement and he probably has something to come back with go ahead joseph. rowland's who did very good business good in court in southern africa ted he the british prime minister called him the face of capitalism the pain is would you that you know as long as we jacked ten billion dollars into village it does not matter from in whose hands he's no i think this is a simplistic argument and to the other thing is the risk of this that. we actually airbrushed this process is not true that the problems in zimbabwe started in the year two thousand and i'm lucky to have been a party to foreign ministers and things closer from a distance and from clues no it is the case that the failure of the settlement from one thousand eight hundred eighty was it is out of this thing when about the one
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nine hundred ninety seven when gumby felt and believed that he was being pushed to do it the british way is when this thing all failed and this room one thousand nine hundred seven by the end two thousand mugabe was simply saying i'm not supporting on this i can i'm just picking for him we're going to simply say that look you guys refused you favor all of the agreements of nine hundred eighty we're going to do it the zimbabwean way what did you do he decided to do it the majority zimbabwean way and yes a number of whites lost in this process let's make sure that we compensate the whites who are loss of this process but it's him but we cannot be zimbabwe as a nation for a privileged few it has to be a country for all suburban people and you know what the more we brush this the more people down there are other audience are they doing it the right away joe lieberman is of africa small part it is done very well years ago land grabs and that is not addressed properly that's an issue is never going to cause instability no it. it simply led to it it became violent went to became political it became violent
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when the the allies is to decided to make it issue and yes of course there was a blink but immediately the allies with the group got to decided to do it their way and also it is the case that the allies used to some semblance under the norm i think they were if you are going a lot in the disaster politic i want to bring derek in because he is shaking his head but we can try and look to the to the present because you know we can read history any way we want but is the government now through its land order it a policy is it fixing some of the shortcomings of the whole land reform process they're saying we're going to take off the land from incompetent farmers or go cronies who haven't really worked the land they're going to look into people have multiple farms that shouldn't have and so on and so forth is that good enough derek . well again one needs to look at the political context here a lot of is being made of the fact that the one i got great ministration says they
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are going to set aside the city three million for land compensation but again that's political in the in what i government is anxious. to show that property rights are now being respected and this compensation for land or for other improvements on the land is part and parcel of that apparently new found respect for property rights but one needs to bear in mind that the constitution has always required compensation to be paid for improvements on the land and under them a garbage government forty two point seven million dollars had already been paid to white farmers forty three white farmers had been compensated. for improvements before them when i got a great ministration came and so this policy of fifty three million dollars it's not a new policy but being hyped up in order to try and empathise than when i grew government's commitment to property rights that are all right certainly we've now had
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a land reform commission formed but people are quite skeptical about what will come out of the commission's investigation process only that we've got a couple minutes left on try and get allianz from an economist perspective then looking forward it's an important thing we're forgetting to mention here candy in cultural sector develops whatever changes domestically are internally made without addressing the problem of sanctions. that's an interesting question i mean my suggestion would be if we're looking into the future is to try and keep these farms intact bring competent people on them who can farm the land maybe to do a structure well that was an inkling calley fund profits are shared and distributed and that and that's distributed amongst the people because if you're just going to put it in if you're going to save yourself let's stick everybody on the land and see what happens nothing's going to happen and just a final point money is trying to thread a needle here he needs to find
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a lot of cash to reignite this economy he hasn't found it yet if he doesn't find it he's going the way of. ensuite downside think it is the one he has to in the numbers not is not of the old it in policy i know there is audit policy doing that at least in the first point which you made which i don't want farms in the hands of people who can't do anything productive with it. i think it's he's trying to do it if i look at the continuum of in africa i don't think he's done enough i don't think he's been bold enough i think he's talked the talk but he hasn't walked it and until we see that happen i don't see the recovery happening in zimbabwe and what we've got a final minute let me give it to joseph then is the government effort to engage countries which are imposing sanctions like the us failing since we saw for example i think it was december the twentieth a new round of u.s. penalties imposed. yeah i think i told this program in a different context that actually that's unfortunate that. the the western allies
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have not sufficiently responded to this government and it's actually fairly true that yes maybe this fifty to fifty three million dollars may be hived partly as a result of that but of what i need to say is this that actually it would be better and reason unfair for us to suggest that africans who are landless you know are incompetent when we there is no evidence that they have been had the opportunity to do farm without doing that because other than zimbabwe and south africa you know my native uganda we have done rather well without necessarily having in a specialist agricultural up in food from a specialist farmers. i missed and surely would have something to say about ugandans given the land back you made that point earlier but i think we're going to have to leave the discussion there for now and thank all of our guests for coming in and sharing their insights derek alley and joseph and thank you too for watching you can see the show again any time by visiting our website al-jazeera dot com for the discussion head over to our facebook page that's facebook dot com forward slash
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a.j. inside story can also join the conversation on twitter and there is at a.j. inside story from me sam is a band and the whole team here for now it's goodbye. a lot again of solid being in control. but it's tremendous fun and potential so i think and he was determined to go on could use a little at the point too for sword to avenge its people slaughtered eighty eight years earlier he smashes the frankish shot it captures the king of jerusalem he
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seizes the true cross and this is the great military victory the crusades an arab perspective never sold three unification of this time on a just. in a four part series a russian filmmaker travels across his homeland to discover what life is like under putin many russians view pushed him to somebody with a difficult job to do rather than an authoritarian leader with imperial ambitions and many critics of putting an equally critical of the west meeting with russians from across the political spectrum under a neck wrestling discovers a complex attitude towards that country's leader and his policies in search of pigeons russia are now jazeera whether online i want to start here on my laptop with a tweet or if you join us on sat there was
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a rush of adrenaline will be felt this is the moment that we have been waiting for this is a dialogue the government has cool face and i may go protest i'll strike too close to his force to disperse the crowds everyone has a voice and for votes in lots of different reasons what's the difference types of bricks or join the global conversation on al-jazeera i mean this was different not just whether someone going for some of this may read this but we think it's how you approach an official and as it is a certain way of doing to congress in text or am i out. this is al jazeera.
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santa maria and this is the news from al-jazeera in fact he said he'd keep the government closed for a very long period of time months or even years absolutely i said. both threats from donald trump as the political deadlock over his border wall and his the third week. united states wants the syrian government not to say that withdrawal of its troops is a green light to use chemical weapons. found left homeless in thailand this is after a powerful tropical storm has the country's southern coast and japan's so-called sushi teicher nets an endangered giant bluefin tuna for a record breaking price at auction. and. continues his perfect stock as mantissa united manager united states when on the sees them progress into wrongful afaik.
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a fifteen of the u.s. government shutdown and donald trump is warning it could go on for months maybe even longer on saturday the president was again defined on twitter saying he didn't care about some federal workers not getting paid because the democrats on friday met transgression of leaders at the white house attempting to bridge differences over payment for a border wall this was the third meeting in as many weeks but when it was over there was little sign of any progress the speaker of the house nancy pelosi described it as lengthy and sometimes contentious a sentiment backed up by the senate minority leader chuck schumer. so we told press the. is it and we needed the government when he resisted the fact he said he'd keep the government closed for a very long period of time months or even years that the shutdown could go on for months or even a year or longer did you say that he did it sure i did is that you understand you're right where we are absolutely i don't think it will but i am prepared and i
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think i can speak for republicans in the house and republicans in the senate they feel very strongly about having a safe country having a border that makes sense without borders i've said it many times we don't have a country. is on the following developments today for us what is expected today deborah well we've seen a lot of activity at the white house vice president mike pence has been going from the white house back to an annex building next to the white house meeting with staffers from various congress people lawmakers in the senate and the house of representatives but i got to tell you there is no sign that any progress is being made at all he hasn't come out given any information we're not expecting to hear any information so there's a meeting there's talking going on but the key people in this are president donald trump and nancy pelosi the speaker of the house and there's no indication that those two are talking and there's no indication that either of them are going to be
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meeting or making any sort of progress on this so the short answer is here this could be going on for a very long time he says that doesn't mean the sort of the hyperbole of donald trump the months and maybe years and he did confirm that he said that does anyone really believe that his. listen i mean no one really believes that this is going to go on for years that the government can't sustain itself and this goes on for years even months would be probably not mean you hate to predict anything with this government the way things are now but even months you just simply cannot be paying government workers for months on end is unsustainable but the fact that that's even brought up just indicates how far off they are in negotiations and that really to get the white house and trump is really backed himself into a box here and he's trying to get out of it because he says i will only reopen the government if i get the money to build the wall nancy pelosi says we're not giving
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you the money to build the wall so do anything else you want to do so there's a real deadlock here and where this ins is really anybody's guess right now but it does not look good not ok thank you gabrielle is on the in washington. now one congresswoman's comments about the president of the united states have turned into a global hash tag calling for his impeachment and while many disagree with her use of foul language others see her as a fine standing up to a bully more with under chapelle. the comments made by congresswoman rashida to lead to her supporters on thursday continue to generate lots of heated conversation online people love you and you know when your son likes it she says mama look you want bully you don't want it and it may be a joke because we're going to go in there we're going to teach the mother. the president was then asked about her remarks and this was his response especially when i showed her comments were just graceful this is a person that i don't know i assume she's new. i think she dishonored herself and i
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think she just honored her family using language like that in front of her son and whoever else was there i thought that was a great dishonor to her and to her family i thought it was highly disrespectful to the united states of america yes well after the president weighed in twitter lit up the hash tag impeach the m.-f. propelled to the top trending hash tag in the united states and you might be able to see that many people around the world have since used it to express their own views so there's a big conversation happening on twitter about this exchange on one side you have people saying that the president says and does worse things in public all the time former u.s. attorney preet bharara for one thinks that lying in public is worse than a representative cussing in private but you have others including some very prominent democrats who say that using profanity profanity rather is from trump's playbook kimberly stross is a d.c.
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based columnist for the wall street journal who says that this in particular is one of the democrats' biggest complaints about him and some of its leaves constituents and michigan agree the come it's a. noble put that down you know always. it's good to do good. so i would probably did lose a little bit but i think they would. see that everyone is do this well we speculate that there is not that i that we would. that's a deal. but he has to put. some. obama just say. when you go when they go load you go get what happened to them well congresswoman to leave is unapologetic and says that she will always speak truth to power a man wavering and everyone knows that from taking on huge big bullies right back at home in the district i'm not going to back down from this biggest bully that now
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i have to take on the speaker of the house nancy pelosi says that she wouldn't use that kind of language but agrees that president trump has said worse but the thing is he and other men tend to get away with it and the u.n. envoy to yemen has arrived in sanaa on a mission to convince opposing sides in the country's civil war to adhere to a fragile cease fire martin griffiths previously helped broker the cease fire in the port city of data but the saudi backed yemeni government and who the rebels have accused each other of breaking the truce griffiths is expected to meet the retired dutch general patrick come out who is head of the un's monitoring team in yemen. so the war in syria now an urgent plea to the united states from members of the religious minority community they don't want the u.s. to withdraw its troops from northern syria a report by the free foundation is warning if washington leaves before isis defeated then the armed group will just make a comeback the report also requests the establishment of a no fly zone over northern syria to prevent a potential turkish assault on kurdish stronghold. where u.s.
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national security adviser john bolton is warning the government not to see the withdrawal of american troops as a green light to use chemical weapons he's arrived in israel for a meeting with prime minister benjamin netanyahu on sunday before heading to turkey ankara reportedly wants the u.s. to provide it with considerable military support including air strikes in the battle against eisel after the u.s. pullout bolton is expected to discuss this when he meets his counterparts on tuesday in korea president rejected tayyip erdogan has been pushing for the u.s. through also to disarm syrian kurdish forces the ones it's trained in the fight against. more from. tuckey's priority least is that is a moment of kurdish y.p. the fighters who have fought alongside us troops in the fight against. hold them many times before the most effective force against but to talk to them
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nothing more than a terrorist organization an extension of the kurdish would kiss but t.p.k. case and one of them a milk on a disk and with taken out of teddy teddy and he when you take his border with syria to the tech he doesn't want to hear quite the decontrolling and if syria and has been immobile floating in recent weeks saying they will come. home the tom the city of men beach with a view of removing the white media from the ones just to call on support from the united states u.s. troop withdrawal process is complete but u.s. officials of tend to form on a clear timetable several times turkish officials would not expect john bolton when he visits. on tuesday to come up with a timetable for troop withdrawal. in london for us now you'll see michael burke who
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is a professor of international relations at regent university nice to have you with us let's talk about a few things starting with john bolton going to israel no surprise american israel relations very strong but you've got might pompei was all visiting the region at the same time what's the diplomatic push at the moment. i think there is great concern that. american art is in the middle east what is the next thing to say they did that watching don't like now is incomplete political these so they would be the understatement of the just started and the question is what's happened next and why the ministration try to project being strong and powerful and ready to take on its rivals into the nation that really. it doesn't seem like they see in the middle east it seems that it actually tweeted those from the middle east and its allies are concerned about it and especially that we've
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thought from syria it leaves it not only open to wash it or leave it's open also to iran and both fulfill turkey and it's sort of a good if concerned these are specifically. just dealing with for an operation in the nose exploding hezbollah's object around backed. tonnages in the know there is an expectation that one point or another in the future the possibility of a conflict so for the united states to send a message which we've drawing from the lead that we've gone from syria it's awful great concern to enjoy. will it keep it puts the us in a really tricky position withdraw from syria but keep israel happy at the moment but at the same time but still keep the pressure on iran but then you've got turkey saying well you have to keep helping out as well and you've got to disarm the kurds at this combo will happen at once or even you suspect over
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a period of time. the message use is completely incoherent on the one hand the united states and.

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