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tv   The Other Side Of The Wall  Al Jazeera  January 19, 2019 9:00am-10:01am +03

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instead and stations began last month mohamed al has more from cutting. scenes of violence in the sudanese capital khartoum on friday morning as more people died at the hands of security forces police attacked mourners with gathered for the funeral of mayu bashir the sixty year old died after being shot by police who had accused him of hiding protesters in his house in a suburb of the capital khartoum a police vehicle was overturned by the mourners as the confrontation got worse. there had been another funeral this for a doctor hundreds turned out for that but because he had been shot dead while trying to treat wounded for testers. overnight one protest of many are around the country focused on the hospital where the doctor and the boy died a spontaneous outpouring of anger and grief combined many are still mourning i don't know what our demands are the demands of everyone and god willing we will
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continue a new group be successful our protest today is large and we are going in the right direction and after friday prayers a seemingly endless stream of people determined to make their voices heard then you worry about the shoot to kill or did you do so the fact that the bullet that was used seemed to be exploded when it touches on you know i cannot kick and therefore he said but. it is impossible and don't you think it's high it's been full weeks since the uprising began at first it was over the tripling of the price of bread and fuel the economy is flatlining with astronomy can inflation rates or fission figures put it out seventy two percent but now people say it's not just the soaring prices and the lack of cash but it's about the way the country has been run for the past thirty years the government says more fuel on the floor have now. arrived starting to leave the crisis they also announced that printing of more
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currency notes and the raising of salaries but what does the say that is not enough they'll be satisfied with nothing short of the removal of president obama and bashir from power one hundred five zero qatar. whether next still ahead on al-jazeera colombia's government says a leftist on to korea was behind the west attack in the country and more than fifteen years. and how fair the banks are supporting there is hit by the longest shutdown in u.s. history. through a tranquil arabian can you. can free to use and it's in the show going to let. you know welcome back to the national weather forecast we're here across china over the next few days we do expect to see it increase of
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clouds as well as rain across much of the area not looking too bad as we end the weekend on saturday about the same as we saw on friday but we are going to see with that southerly flow an increase of that moisture as it makes its way towards the central part of china so here to show on saturday a nice day if you are twenty three hong kong a little bit more clouds at twenty but take a look what happens here on sunday a lot of rain across parts of the central areas over here toward shanghai though winds are going to start to come out of the north so you terms are coming down we do expect to see about eight degrees there well down towards the south let's walk over here towards the philippines because we're watching very carefully out here towards east notice those clouds right there we do have a weak system we don't expect it to become a tropical storm it could become a tropical depression but either way it is going to bring quite a bit of rain to parts of the southern philippines over the next few days particularly as we go towards sunday that is where we could be seeing some localized flooding across much of that area from manila though from sunday night to monday do expect to see it increase of clouds. over the next few days down here
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towards the south across jakarta we are going to be seeing some more rain in your forecast the true there of thirty one and a temperature of twenty one. there with sponsored by cats on these. corruption has reached a level like. that before john kerry. counts. to president of the united states. the power was in the daytime we will honor the american people with the truth and nothing else discovered. for winning the white house on fair game on al jazeera.
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welcome back. a reminder of our top stories this hour u.s. president donald trump and north korean leader kim jong un will meet for a second time at the end of february the white house made the announcement off the north koreans and leave the nuclear negotiator talks with trump and secretary of state mike compare. a former chicago police officer jason van dyke has been sentenced to eighteen one months in prison for murdering a black teenager macdonald his family says they're disappointed with the sentence. mourners and police and through don have force after the funeral of a man shot dead in anti-government protests in the capital khartoum activists say at least fifty people have died since demonstrations began last month. the democratic republic of congo is rejecting the african union's attempt to intervene in the. disputed presidential election the a.u.
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is calling for the announcement of the final results to be postponed because of election fraud concerns provisional results which declared opposition leader felix just a heavy the winner being challenged in court by his rival martin for use accusing to security of crossing to rig the outcome with outgoing president joseph kabila the white house is denying accusations from the house speaker the donald trump put troops and civilians working in afghanistan in danger by leaking information about a planned congressional trip there trump had cancelled their military flight on thursday citing the government shutdown but nancy pelosi is accusing the president of revealing information about the trip calling it very very irresponsible pelosi and trump are at loggerheads over funding for a us mexico border wall. but experts say if that political impasse continues it will have a serious impact on the u.s. economy but the more immediate effect of the shutdown is hunger demand from food
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banks across the country is growing as hundreds of thousands of federal workers continue not getting their paychecks and you got to get reports from florida. for almost thirty years from shows mission has been a simple one take supplies food and feed the hungry soup kitchens churches and homeless shelters all the biggest customers for the last few weeks that's changed where interest on learning and loaning alll day long these vehicles are headed to locations across florida where the dealing with a new demand we are receiving more and more cost of hungry people throughout the state on because of the government shutdown so yes we are really responding two thousand and bedrolls as we do any other and that's a lot for all just one paycheck to paycheck so away from being hungry stuff here say the situation is unprecedented under normal circumstances this part of the warehouse would normally be empty but as you can see there are boxes of things like
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spaghetti with label saying disaster assistance on the side and the demand is increased so much over the last few weeks the staff here now are working seven days a week just to keep up people mind to treat them like we might if you are among those working without pay or traffic controllers and they say their commitment to keeping the flying public safe is being tested i can say as time goes on the system beacons to be less safe it's definitely less safe than it was just a couple of weeks ago and now we're getting to a point now where it's it's a big distraction and people are worried those responsible for airport security are also working without pay with no prospect of a resolution there's growing anger among federal workers. on florida's space coast nassar employees are calling for an. into the shutdown as many face financial hardships food banks charities and churches continue to support those hit by the longest government shutdown in u.s.
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history but as the weeks stretch on the choices the many get harder to gallic roll jazeera miami florida well just a short while ago colombia's president addressed the nation blaming a leftist groups in the l.n. for thursday's attack in bogota even duke a has reactivated arrest orders against each other and leaders involved with peace talks with the government twenty one people were killed after a car packed with explosives detonated at a police academy the group has not claimed responsibility for the attack al jazeera . he joins us now live from bogota under how has the colombian government been reacting to this bombing. well we just heard from president. we've been waiting for this speech pretty much all day since the early friday the minister and defense of the attorney general said that they had no doubt that the year let in the last the standing rebel group in the country was behind
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a car bomb but packed that killed twenty young police cadets in bogota and also killed the perpetrator ducasse said the government has no doubt that yellen is behind this attack he said that no ideology can justify or no political fights can justify the kind of horror colombians had to endure not only in this attack on thursday but in the last decade that he again asked the land to free all the hostages they still have sixteen people according to the government that are hostages of land. also said that they have kidnapped over five thousand people in two decades and that they haven't show and any real sincere will of peace and that's why he decided to reactivate
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the international arrest warrants of the yellen leadership that has been in cuba for months now waiting for the reactivation of these peace talks what this essentially means is. the possibility at least for now of any meaningful peace negotiations with this group and it also means that at least for now colombia will not have a chance of a complete peace something that everybody here was hoping for after the agreement with the biggest rebel group in the country the fire that was reached in two thousand and sixteen and the founder of negotiations with c.n.n. has always been very complicated right from the start how much of a threat does the group actually pose. that is true that is true definitely they pose a great threat they have shown over and over that they can inflict damage obviously in the regions that are their stronghold it's specially for example in the reasons
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that are on the border with venezuela but not only there soon the park has signed a peace deal with the government that you and has been able to expand their influence in areas where they weren't overrating before death to have many people at tax infrastructure in the country so there's no doubt that because the inflict damage. and buggers are for us thank you. british prime minister to resign may will speak to european union leaders this weekend to head deals leaving the bloc was heavily defeated in parliament three days ago may has been given until monday to come up with a plan b. she's already met with other rival party leaders in the hope of reaching a breakthrough but opposition leader jeremy corbyn is refusing to join cross party discussions until the no deal breaks it is ruled out as well the biggest issue facing any breaks it deal is the irish border which would become the only land
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fronted between the united kingdom and the european union needs barco reports from calling said luck where local businesses are fearing for their future. who owns carlingford law for the past twenty years the question hasn't mattered but then breaks it happened. daryn coming in is an oyster man. his high end project is consumed as far away as china the north shore is british the south is irish the waters in between are shared across border agency works for the interests of both sides. but it hasn't always been this way not far from here in one nine hundred seventy nine eighteen pretty soldiers were killed in an ira ambush during thirty years of six hereon violence in northern ireland the lock was a militarize frontier but it. would have. been border a possible no deal breaks it has increased the prospects of
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a hard border the return of customs checks and extra paperwork could be devastating for the fishing industry that relies on speed it's just a complete disaster. but the last ten years. from no home port in the last seven years of new morning constant work. just never enough grip and so on and the failure got the business up go on and on and then brag that holmes was very frustrated. border will also impact on the movement of people the calling foot ferry is the only route across the lot people are crossing the border every day here between northern are in than the republicans are in for work in their daily lives the possibility of introducing any barriers to the free and seamless movements of vehicles and people. is a great concern to us for the past twenty years the border here along the very much
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. if no solution can be found most breaks in in either side of this law could soon be run by two distinctly different dorothy's complicating the lives i live in. suppose you depend upon the. return of a hard border remains for now a worst case scenario but the crushing defeat of the british government's breaks that deal on choose day has set contingency plans in motion on both sides of the border yes we are making preparations for a no deal scenario we have to do that now that doesn't loot checks the ports and airports but we're not making preparations for checks longer than border but having said that. the only way they can avoid a hard border long term isn't through goodwill isn't through the right words it has to be through an agreement with a more mountain sweep down to the sea they meet calling for the locks open. it is a landscape indifferent to past territorial disputes divisions few here want to
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ever witness again parker al-jazeera calling for the luck. well european union chemicals experts are proposing banning some micro plastics to combat pollution the tiny pieces of plastic and up and waterways oceans and animals last year scientists found the first evidence of micro past six in people but there's no research yes about the impact on our bodies. micro plastics are found in things such as cosmetics and detergents but the largest use is the agriculture industry fertilizer wrapped in tiny plastic shells that emit them slowly into the soil but the plastic is left behind the european commission estimates that up to two hundred thousand tons of micro plastics enter the environment every year and that the ban could cut that by thirty thousand tons the u.s. and u.k. already have partial bans in force and the e.u. hopes its proposal could set a standard for industries around the world but the tiny particles are also created by the breakdown of big items like bottles or plastic bags and the ban won't change
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that critics argue that such measures aren't enough to deal with a problem that's reached epic proportions sharon dug a vast is the head of programs at the plastic soup foundation he says while the ban is a good first step a lot of micro plastics come from sources that are harder to regulate. with intentionally added michael plastics to burn it's like cosmetics or detergents of fertilizers as you can actually say that's a design marriage just get rid of it that it's there that's actually the easy part and it's similar to the got about steaks or straws what's going on right now on a global scale there's bigger dacian most of plastics from textiles or dark diets or all kind of pressed materials you know our daily lives gets more going. every time you wash your clothes in a washing machine or never choice it's nine million why i wish for example so that bets enormous there's my critics are found everywhere in that the bush trenches in the ocean but also in the book so they malaria in the north in the south pole so
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you can basically say plastic is everywhere it's actually there the interesting thing with the european battle now and then she added michael plastics that you are being chemical agents he is now investigating is that a risk for human health or the employment that we board that this that this month's and it's very interesting because that's actually the first step in regulating the whole issue of micro plastics in the environment which would be a very good and very necessary case goes yet there's still much less that around we need to regulate and take steps. and these out the top stories u.s. president donald trump and north korean leader kim jong un will meet for a second time at the end of february the white house made the announcement off to north korea the need a new candidate held talks with trump and secretary of state like. well you
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continue to make progress we're continuing to have conversations the united states is going to continue to keep pressure and sanctions on north korea until we see fully and verified denuclearization we've had very good steps in good faith from the north koreans in releasing the hostages and other moves and so we're going to continue those conversations the president looks forward to next his next meeting donald trump has denied reports that he directed his former personal lawyer michael cohen to lie to congress about plans to build a trump tower and moscow democrats say they'll verify the allegations which if true will suggest the president committed a crime a former chicago police officer jason van dyke has been sentenced to eighty one months in prison for murdering a black teenager four years ago mcdonald's family say they're disappointed with the punishment. mourners and police and through john have force after the funeral of
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a man shot dead in anti-government protests in the capital khartoum activists say at least fifty people have been killed since demonstrations began last month the democratic republic of congo is rejecting the african union's call to suspend the announcement of the final presidential election results provisional results which declared opposition leader felix choose to carry the winner being challenged in court by his rival. colombia's president has addressed the nation but aiming a leftist groups the l.n. for thursday's car bomb attack in bogota even duke a has reactivated arrest orders against it is involved in peace talks with the government twenty one people were killed after a car packed with explosives detonated as a police academy the group has not claimed responsibility for the attack. british prime minister to reason may will speak to european union leaders this weekend after a head deal for leaving the bloc was believed defeated in parliament three days ago
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may has been given until monday to come up with a plan b. those are the headlines join me for more news here after story. in search of peace in afghanistan the united states will use it that is to persuade the taliban to have direct talks with government leaders what hopes are they of sitting them at the same table and ending the war this is inside story.
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and welcome to the program fully back to the united states. involvement in the war in afghanistan which has killed tens of thousands of civilian soldiers and taliban fighters but taliban leaders are refusing to sit at the same table as the afghan government a u.s. special envoy is in pakistan hoping government leaders can convince the taliban to change its mind or bring in our guests in just a moment but first here's commodified in islam about. where the. rock. dogs were drawing. to come back to the
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negotiating table but the taliban have already. and there for their dog was there were drawing of order from of one it's gone and they're not going to be used against any other country so far the. government. despite pressure from several countries. they will decide how and where dog dog. collar band of god to get a good a gun. on the other hand they're trying to go on dollar bond holder meeting with the u.s. pressure on war who are already here and they're committed by our richard. for inside story from islamabad or let's take a quick look at the war in afghanistan following the nine eleven attacks in two thousand and one u.s.
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forces invaded with a coalition of more than forty countries the goal was to destroy al qaeda and the taliban government protecting them and to make sure ganesan didn't become a safe haven for groups as sesame did at least thirty thousand to nearly sixty thousand afghan soldiers have been killed since along with two thousand four hundred american troops the united nations says the first half of last year was the deadliest in the conflict so far with almost seven thousand eight hundred civilians killed and the taliban controlling more territory than at any point during the war many previous attempts at talks between the taliban and the afghan government have had little success the first discussions in twenty twelve collapse after the taliban rejected u.s. attempts to involve government representatives in twenty fifteen afghan and taliban representatives sell their first official talks in pakistan with observers from the u.s. and china discussions in two thousand and sixteen were called after a u.s.
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drone strike in pakistan killed the taliban's leader. or the taliban did attend a meeting hosted by russia last year but the afghan government only sent representatives from its high. peace council which was appointed to help the constellation efforts. let's bring in our panel now from kabul mushtaq rahim specialist on regional security who worked on the afghan peace process on skype from lahore in pakistan is ahmed rashid a journalist and author of taliban militant islam oil and fundamentalism in central asia also on skype from dublin in ireland michael semple former special deputy special representative to afghanistan who negotiated with the afghan taliban thank you for joining us thank you so much for being on inside story mushtaq rahim in kabul the taliban hold more territory in afghanistan today than at any point during the war why would they want to negotiate now are they really committed to the peace
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process yes gardner so their progress on the battlefield over the course of last three years the taliban have in my view has an intent to be to be part of the negotiation process and that is mainly because of the still made that the conflict has is has been faced with we know that the taliban have been losing a lot of their foot soldiers on the battlefield including the mid-level commanders the oven forces have been hoarding to good positions and have been defending their positions and the after the fetus battle since two thousand and fourteen when the international forces do down from of understand from a strength of hundred thirty thousand to merely thirteen thousand even after the taliban have not been able to achieve those high level goals that they had said themselves that included taking over some of the provincial centers they did big a couple of province central cities but they could not maintain the
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a hold on those and in many other places where they put a lot of pressure still they were not able to really achieve the battlefield object of little considering the battlefield. yes and also there have been significant pressure on the countries that have been supporting the taliban covered me because of that political pressure as well they they are faced with a situation where they have to really consider the peaceful settlement of politic a dialogue let's hear from ahmed rashid's in lahore as we've said ahmed are many attempts at talks before do you see any signs of hope for the first time or is it possible to get someone or other taliban interested in political compromise in your view i think this time it is possible to get somewhere specifically because the taliban are interested in in in a peace deal there i've you know i've just learned they've taken enormous casualties there's always been. a lot of the within the taliban which has looked
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towards finding a settlement with the government and with the americans the problem for the taliban has been that they have stubbornly kept to items on their agenda and they will not accept anything less than that before they talk seriously to the afghan government but the the first is the commitment by the americans to withdraw all their forces from afghanistan we did a certain timeframe and the second have been the return of their prisoners the freeing of their prisoners held by the americans or being held by kabul and all the various talks we've had so far we've never moved beyond these two fact of the taliban have never told us exactly what kind of government they want how would they . what kind of compromises do they want with the kabul regime what would they do
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with their army and exactly. how they would run some of these other militant groups in afghanistan like al-qaeda and i. his who are very active so i think with stillbirth down in this basic conundrum and of trying to find a breakthrough between the americans then the taliban which could get. resolved the issue of of the troop levels and release some prisoners but the taliban have to give something in return so a lot of unknowns about their agenda you say ahmed rashid let's bring in michael semple in dublin michael unprecedented u.s. attempts to get the peace in afghanistan the u.s. envoy. has said he's cautiously optimistic about a peace deal in april can he succeed in your view in bringing the taliban to the negotiating table and if he does kind of a chief lasting peace in afghanistan in the past three months that ambassador has
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been active in this post he has made a palpable difference in the discourse in afghanistan and particularly amongst the taliban those taliban who for a year or two simply were not prepared even to mention ideas such as peace cease fire settlement have been forced to talk about them so that has already been achieved i spend a lot of my time trying to make sense of what the taliban are doing and thinking i can certainly you know testify to these changes the discourse has changed but i would like to make some observations about some of the limitations to that because i think that you know we also have to try and get inside the head of the the taliban both of their you know their fighters and the and the leadership it is completely true as my colleague graeme from kabul said that they the afghan
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security forces and the the u.s. have escalated over the past two months and have. been inflicting significant casualties on the taliban but is absolutely true i see no evidence from the decision making and the ideas of the leadership that they have served factor that into their calculations and their stance on negotiation they know they're pretty ruthless men and as far as they're concerned there are a lot more young afghans who are prepared or obliged to go out and to die in this way the taliban leadership is fighting this war to try and win they have a vision not of some kind of you know grand national coalition for reconciliation in the country they have a vision of reestablishing their islamic emirate and forcing other long taliban afghans to accept their terms the it which is completely different from any of us
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who have been supportive of peace process is that we have suggested certainly not what. it is doing and what it comes down to this issue of are the taliban ready to negotiate i think that the taliban are very happy to be seen talking to the united states because they believe that in the sense that sort of gives them a stamp of the zero legitimacy of the c.e.o. they're strong enough that the americans have to talk with them they have been steadfast in their opposition to negotiating with the afghan government they don't care if it's frankly let's only stubborn on that so they do not yet want to negotiate to michael let's just remind our viewers at this point of who the taliban are the movement emerged after the end of the decade long war by which i had in fighters to defeat the soviet union the taliban ruled much of the country between one thousand nine hundred six cent two thousand and one the u.s. led coalition removed the taliban from power after the nine eleven attacks in the
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us the taliban has fought foreign troops and the u.s. backed government forces sends some analysts saying the taliban controls as much as forty percent of afghan territory the u.s. many. estimates there are almost forty thousand active taliban fighters today mushtaq rahim in kabul michael said just a moment ago that the taliban are happy to be talking to the u.s. to right now but i'm curious how does the afghan government feel about that as a government in kabul comfortable with the current level of u.s. involvement in this process they are reports that they have been concerned about perhaps being sidelined the afghan government has not been happy as far as the taliban stance is concerned that they're not prepared to talk to the afghan government but let me remind you something that there has been fluctuation in the stances and contacts here in afghanistan over the past three months and my family's out has been pretty clear in his latest resort to kabul that he will only dialogue
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with the taliban in the presence of the government should this has added an amount of comfort in the in the feelings of the afghan government the second thing is that the my analysis is that the taliban will continue to push sideline in the afghan government and in for sizing to talk to the americans mainly because they believe that the broader agenda issues as far as of a draw is concerned with travel of the international forces for that they need to reach an agreement with the americans because that has been the busiek object of of the business motivation behind the fighting of the taliban for the last seventeen years so they want to make sure that the goal is address as far as the peace negotiation is concerned but i'm pretty sure they will come back and talk to the avlon government and i would like to differ with mr simple slightly on the issue of return of the taliban believing that they want to establish the government of ninety ninety six and beyond i don't think that that's that's going to be the case among the taliban before the suit eason's i want to see this one of that is that
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the taliban have learned the lesson that they cannot unilaterally rule a country where so many groups are so strong that they can stay. opposed tyler but . even if it is for that very small geographical location second thing is that the taliban have learned the lesson that had to not been engaged in a long term fight with the opposition groups they would not have the feared of october two thousand and one where the americans used some of the opposition groups of the taliban against them i can give you a reference of one of the scene of taliban leaders who recently wrote a book well as a force the ambassador of afghanistan the taliban government in islamabad he says would that we really we not expanded our war to the north of understand and he says that he would have a vision now he has learned this lesson it is whatever let our minds there's no response pushing for military conquest let's allow michael to respond michael says
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the taliban aren't interested in returning to the one nine hundred ninety six an area because of ghana's dan has changed and indeed it has there are several groups right now including i so why do you believe they are interested in returning to the one thousand nine hundred six scenario because you know first of all this is consistent with everything that they are doing and this is the feedback i get in all research on the the stance of those you know those taliban who are currently active in the leadership a lot of respect for ambassadors aphids are in remiss absolutely correct in what he says about ambassador is a fight but he has not been active in the taliban movement for the past seventeen years the people who are running the fight are trying to establish a hero on his gammick emirates they believe that they they believe that their system is incompatible with the system which is developed in kabul and is of course
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has been supported and recognized by the international community so they're basically trying to show to take the lot. they now this poses a problem for them of course because they know the vote of the majority of the afghan population is not prepared to accept that which there are struggling for and may and they cannot honestly tell their own people how long it might take to achieve this because currently they are not militarily strong enough to. you know to win in afghanistan and certainly as long as the u.s. maintains its support to the afghan government and some level of troop presence they're not strong enough for that so what they're trying to do is they're trying to stretch this stretch this war out fight as long as it takes for the u.s. to leave in the hope that they can win afterwards and that means
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a long war ok let's bring back rashid into the conversation ahmed rashid you are in pakistan. is that the u.s. envoy has been to islamabad tell us about the role of pakistan in this particular scenario and what can pakistan do to exert pressure on the taliban do they have leverage on the taliban on the afghan taliban let me just add a couple of points to the earlier conversation that you've been having i think one reason the taliban have woken up is the fact that they know they cannot rule of guns like they did in the early ninety's they need foreign aid they need a friendly neighbor they they need a helping hand and i think the american the very big card that the americans have to play down the road is the fact that aid to afghanistan will continue if the taliban are willing to be involved with the afghan government and seek a compromise the other think you that i think the taliban are deeply aware of the
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ifa leash they faced in the ninety's and many of them and they were forced to adopt osama bin. urban as one of their finances because they had no money that no aid and they were dependent on drugs and and aid from foreign terrorist groups now as far as a pac sun is concerned the the taliban leadership is living in pakistan most of it there are a few of the commandos leaders who are in iran but most of them are living in pakistan so. obviously the main aim is to try and get to meet the leadership of the taliban and get the pakistanis to. expose them if you like to these negotiations have so that they can take but so far i mean the kind of people he has been meeting have been to the political office of the taliban
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in do in doha in qatar state and and other people. are not central to the movement i think there's other mechanical own party start exert leadership can party stand exert influence over the afghan time but this is a very controversial point the government here claims that they have very little influence but i believe they still have a normative fluence because so much of the taliban logistics the manpower is based in pakistan and go through pakistan into afghanistan and so i think i think there's a huge there is considerable leverage that back son has and. and exactly you know at what time or under what conditions will it use that leverage forcefully not just to introduce to peripheral about leaders but
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to the hard core of the leadership that the quitter shura as it's called. that is the key i think to the the to. coming up. donald trump u.s. president wants out of afghanistan what happens once the u.s. troops completely pull out on afghan forces ready to take over security well first of all as far as the with drawl of the limited number of the u.s. forces are concerned as far as i'm concerned i believe they will be reversing this decision i don't think they will be leaving as abruptly as boehner trum has said because the strategist within the pentagon have been coming up with a statement saying that they are reconsidering the same happened with syria as we all know so the same is the case with afghanistan the seventeen year long war and now eighteen investment they won't let it go wasted the second point that i want to see even if the americans have a draw at this point without negotiation negotiated the settlement
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settlement between the taliban and the afghan government and americans i can tell you that the current security strength to strength of afghanistan is skippable to stand up to the challenge of the taliban mainly because we have seen that since two thousand and fourteen they have been fighting the taliban on all fronts who have been coming from all sides. challenging the security forces. except the aerial support. you need to a military that haven't been much on the ground and it has been the afghan security forces who have been facing this minister of taliban so i believe they can stand up to it but as far as the independent analyst and those who are advocating for peace in afghanistan they're very much concerned about the future of the afghan conflict because at the end of the day it's the afghan war this is a man and many people who are advocating for peace they believe even if the afghan
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security forces stand up to the challenge of taliban there will be a lot of while ns and human losses civilian losses will. if you already know that has increased a lot tended michael do you agree with there who says the u.s. will likely reverse its decision to pull out of afghanistan and also says that the afghan security forces are capable of standing up to the taliban do you agree with that assessment i like to build upon what is saying i think that the very difficult for anybody to predict to really what. what the future us approach will be we're living a critique white quite uncertain times but i certainly i certainly agree that the people in this of the us establishment the pentagon who've been managing the war they have been advocating more more time and the president has not taken any for firm decision on this and what what was you know talked about recently was not
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a statement by president it was you know a nico about a policy option so they certainly there is a strong there's a strong sort of lobby inside the u.s. saying that some kind of commitment they must maintain to afghanistan that they should not see they should not allow the collapse of the current system in afghanistan i agree with mr on that on that it is also absolutely correct that most of the fighting on the ground is actually being done by afghan security forces and that's been the case since twenty fourteen however this really is a joint effort because as well as the as well as this of the aerial support that the u.s. is providing and all all sort of other things facilitating facilitation. frankly the financing for the war is coming from the u.s. they're paying the bills and they hear we know why there is some political uncertainty about how long the u.s. will be staying saying against us because this is a time when people are asking you know what are we getting for this so. i think if
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there is to be a peace settlement it's most likely if the if the u.s. finds a way of sustaining its efforts working along. by the afghan government making it absolutely clear to the taliban that you don't have an option of fighting on for just another six months just another few months and then you take the whole country and then those in the taliban who are not currently in the leadership but those in the movement. who believe that it's a futile efforts trying to impose themselves on the whole of the country and then they may come around to accepting that we're going to have to up to negotiate with our fellow afghans so if they if the u.s. runs out of patience before we get about a point then without external assistance the current afghan regime will not survive so still a lot of uncertainty ahead for afghanistan gentlemen thank you very much for a very in stressed interesting discussion. michael semple and thank you as well for
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watching you can always watch his program again any time by the setting our website at al-jazeera dot com for further discussion go to our facebook page at facebook dot com for sash a.j. inside story you can also join the conversation on twitter of course i handle is at a.j. inside story for me thirty back to the whole team thank you for watching by for now you and you it will. generation after generation men work under the merciless sun a northeastern state. in this slum there's no sewage running water or other
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basic services sixty percent of the people here are not living in poverty their needs are so great and their pockets so empty that they are easy prey during election time for politicians they can come here and buy their votes for as little as ten dollars of course if i'm a politician and i give culture and education to people i'm impairing them and if i'm impairing them they may not vote for me so that's why it's in their interest to keep things as they are. it's a vicious circle of inequality aggravated by a severe recession and government austerity that's left thirteen million brazilians unemployed and even if the next government can start the recovery process those living here at the bottom of the social ladder will be the last to benefit. talk to their own. we ask you personally one of the main beneficiaries is that the case
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we listen for you want to be a solution of it indeed all that's not exactly my point we meet with global news makers and talk about the stories that matter. on this week's counting the cost the prime minister's briggs's deal is rejected as britain how it feels towards a messy exit why zimbabwe's government wants people to buy less fuel plus classy models can't last call because worries about the trade will. counting the cost on al-jazeera. hello i'm going. with the top stories on al-jazeera u.s. president donald trump will hold another summit with north korean leader kim jong un next month the announcement came just a day after a pentagon report said john young still poses an extraordinary threat has he culhane reports. this smile for the cameras quickly and then got back to the top
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u.s. secretary of state mike pompei o a north korean negotiator kim young then went off to the white house behind closed doors a ninety minute meeting with president donald trump the white house claimed progress the united states is going to continue to keep pressure and sanctions on north korea until we see fully and verified denuclearization we've had very good steps in good faith from the north koreans in releasing the hostages and other moves and so we're going to continue those conversations and the president looks forward to next his next debate in the white house says that will be a to get to be disclosed location at the end of february the state department announced the discussions continued for hours after secretary pompei o treated the north korean delegation to lunch at their d.c. hoto the last time the two leaders met the president declared the problem solved north korea would do nuclear but since then satellite images show work continues on their missile delivery sites but the white house says the focus should be on what
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the north hasn't done test any new nukes or missiles the problem wasn't solved after the first summit so now it appears the two sides will try again and soon. al-jazeera washington. a former chicago police officer jason van dyke has been sentenced to eighteen one months in prison for murdering a black teenager four years ago the con mcdonald's family say they're disappointed with the punishment. colombia's president has asked cuba to hand over ten members of a leftist armed group accused of thursday's car bomb attack and iran do k. has reactivated arrest orders against leaders involved in previous peace talks with the government twenty one people were killed after a car packed with explosives detonated as a police academy the group has not claimed responsibility for the attack mourners and police in sudan have fought after the funeral of a man shot dead in anti-government protests in the capital khartoum activists say
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at least fifty people have been killed since demonstrations began last month the democratic republic of congo is rejecting the african union's call to suspend the announcement of the final presidential election results provisional results which declared opposition leader she said kerry the winner being challenged in court by his rival. a kenyan court ruled that five suspects in tuesday's hotel attack must be held in custody including a canadian national they're suspected of helping gunmen who stormed the dusit complex and killed twenty one people the somali based group al-shabaab says it was behind the attack internet services in zimbabwe are slowly being restored but social media is still blocks the u.n. to a security crackdown on protesters following days of unrest over fuel prices and austerity measures leading activist pass to evan morrow. who was arrested earlier this week
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has been ordered to stand trial for allegedly subverting the government he led anti-government protests in twenty sixteen against former president robert mugabe. israeli forces have used live fire and tear gas on palestinian protesters along the gaza israeli border fence at least thirty palestinians including three medics were injured this footage shows one of three ambulances that were hit by the tear gas demonstrations have now run for forty three consecutive fridays as part of the great march of return protesters have been calling for the right of return of palestinian refugees and an end to the more than decade long blockade on gaza by israel and egypt at least two hundred forty eight palestinian protesters have been killed in the demonstrations so far yemen's warring sides have failed to reach an agreement during talks in jordan who thier rebels and the many governments have been negotiating in amman over a prisoner swap deal that was agreed in sweden last month but both parties accused
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each other of lying and hiding crucial information about the detainees those are the headlines join me for more news here after unfair game. the election of the forty fifth president of the united states raises ethical and potentially legal question. today mainstream media can easily be disrupted and personal online data easily accessed. how can this information be used to sway the outcome off an election. and can it undermine the basic tenets of democracy that are so cherished.
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i think if americans knew this was happening they would be outraged. we just weren't mentally able at that point in time to see that coming. this is democracy taking place in darkness it's not democracy. i look presenting the facts plainly and hottest. staten island's new york. in a state that's considered a stronghold for democrats this suburb is an exception. most of the people here
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voted for donald trump. scott libido lives here patriots artists and a big supporter of the president's. is unconventional. i am unconventional i mean new york city artist i'm selling for forty five dollars because he's the forty fifth president there's a new sheriff in town knows we're going to get a clean house we can kick some ass did he need the media to win the election when it was stacked against him you know it's always stacked against a republican no matter who won it's the media is like that and just like that than that the ugly hatred you know the extent the obvious it's like you put on you know c.n.n. knows the psych alright alright alright alright but i'll flip around and it's like holy. you know it's and this and b c and it's like relentless they can't stand
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bad he beat vam because they said he wasn't going to win fed up with traditional media gets his information on the internet it's you know i'll spend like an hour like i said before i go to sleep i'll have my phone on and you know i'll go from this to that and then all chant made a speech i didn't hear it today let me hear it now you know i mean and sometimes it's i don't even honestly i don't look like who's giving it. like millions across america scott believe most of what he saw on the web with little question. for example this article trump believes millions voted illegally. or this one that hillary clinton received over eight hundred thousand illegal votes . i'm not saying all three million are but i'm sure a lot of them are absolutely you should not be able to vote if you are an elite if
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you're not a legal citizen with a child but that's works and then they want to change that like no that's not how it works. this information is of course false it would be nearly impossible for illegal immigrants to vote in the united states articles like beings are examples of what is now called fake news. scott is far from being the only one to refer to these sources. martin uses one such source known for its misleading stories. on breitbart we can trying to articles like this does feminism make women ugly. or this would you rather your child had feminism or cancer. breitbart is also obsessed with the west versus islam is the new cold war. or political correctness protects muslim culture.
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its content has been called missile genetic xenophobic and racist by liberals and conservatives alike. breitbart is it you know it's a it's a right wing media outlet that was founded by the late andrew breitbart a conservative activist and commentator and journalist. breitbart is a real french publication it's a representative of what they call the old right you know people who want to take on the step. as quote politics but do so in a very divisive way they're rail against immigrants to this country they rail against people of muslim faith they you know devote use taxes to divide people on the basis of gender on the basis of race. breitbart became a main source of information for the american far right it's the sensually served as an organ for sort of the trying to bend. the worldview projected by
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breitbart was in line with donald trump's and it touched a nerve with his outlook towards. people wanted to describe the trump voters as angry i'm not sure they were angry i think they were more fearful worried concerned scared about about the future in the spring of two thousand and sixteen if we looked at the people who were voting in republican primaries these people were very concerned about terrorism very concerned about immigration they they saw the two of them working together as creating a threat annex almost an extension threat to the to the united states and this was something that was being spoken about by donald trump and not necessarily by other republican candidates these concerns were heightened as trump played to existing anxieties.
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ted devean has been in politics for forty years for him it would be a mistake to think that fake news has no impact on american alex moral behavior here's what's happening in our politics people are consuming information entirely different ways that we used to you know when i started doing presidential campaigns when jimmy carter you know has an office i mean we turn on the news at six thirty at night and we'd watch three networks at once and that was the way america. essentially consume news now there is a constant flood of information both on television in the cable environment and particularly online you know that that online consumption of information is having a real effect on things because what's happening is the legitimate media is being supplanted by you know this fake news where people get information which sounds like it's real and true but has no basis in fact and in fact much of it is just made up and delivered.

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