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tv   Inside Story 2019 Ep 19  Al Jazeera  January 19, 2019 8:32pm-9:00pm +03

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it which is completely different from any of us who have been supportive of peace process is that we have suggested certainly not what. is art is doing and what comes down to this issue or are the taliban ready to negotiate i think that the taliban are very happy to be seen talking to the united states because they believe that in the sense that sort of gives them a stump no legitimacy of the c.e.o. they're strong enough that the americans have to talk with them they have been steadfast in their opposition to negotiating with the afghan government they don't care if it's frankly let's only stubborn on that so they do not yet want to negotiate to michael let's just remind our viewers at this point of who the taliban are the movement emerged after the end of the decade long war by which i had him fight is to defeat the soviet union the taliban ruled much of the country between one thousand nine hundred six cent two thousand and one the u.s. led coalition removed the taliban from power after the nine eleven attacks in the
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u.s. the taliban has fought for insurers and the u.s. backed government forces since some analysts saying the taliban controls as much as forty percent of the afghan territory the u.s. military estimates there almost forty thousand active taliban fighters today mushtaq regime in kabul michael said just a moment ago that the taliban are happy to be talking to the u.s. to right now but i'm curious how does the afghan government feel about that as a government in kabul comfortable with the current level of u.s. involvement in this process there are reports that they have been concerned about perhaps being sidelined the afghan government has not been happy as far as the taliban stance is concerned that they're not prepared to talk to the oven government but let me remind you something that there has been fluctuation in the circumstances and context here in afghanistan over the past three months and. that has been pretty clear in his latest reserve to kabul that he will only. dialogue
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with the taliban in the presence of the afghan government so this has added an amount of comfort in the in the feelings of the afghan government the second thing is that the my analysis is that the taliban will continue to push sideline in the afghan government and in for sizing to talk to the americans mainly because they believe that the broader agenda issues as far as david dreier less concern withdrawal of the international forces for that they need to reach an agreement with the americans because that has been the basic objective of the basic motivation behind the fighting of the taliban for the last seventeen years so they want to make sure that the goal is address as far as the peace negotiation is concerned but i'm pretty sure they will come back and talk to the afghan government and i would like to differ with mr simple slightly on the issue of return of the taliban believing that they want to establish the government of nine hundred ninety six and beyond i don't think that that's that's going to be the case among the taliban do it before the series i want to see this one of that is that the taliban
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have learned the lesson that they cannot unilaterally rule a country where so many groups are so strong that they can still opposed. even if it is for the very small geographical location second thing is that the taliban have learned the lesson that they're not been engaged in a long term fight with the opposition groups they would not have the fear of october two thousand and one where the americans used some of the opposition groups of the taliban against them i can give you a reference of one of the senior taliban leaders who recently wrote a book well as a force the ambassador of afghanistan the taliban government in islamabad he says word that we expanded our war to the north of afghanistan and he says that he would have wished now he has learned this lesson it would have been let out of mind so there's a response wishing for. military conquest let's allow michael to respond michael
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says the taliban aren't interested in returning to a one thousand nine hundred scenario because of ghana's than has changed and indeed it has there are several groups right now including i so why do you believe they are interested in returning to the one thousand nine hundred six scenario because. first of all this is consistent with everything that they are doing and this is the feedback i get in all research on the the stance of those you know those taliban who are currently active in the leadership of a lot of respect for ambassadors aphids up in remus absolutely correct in what he says about ambassador is a fine but he has not been active in the taliban movement for the past seventeen years the people who are running the fight are trying to establish a year on this from a camera that they believe that they they believe that their system is incompatible
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with the system which is developed in kabul and is of course has been supported and recognized by the international community so they're basically trying to show to take the lot they now this poses a problem for them of course because they you know the the majority of the afghan population is is not prepared to accept that which there are struggling for and it's may and they cannot honestly tell their own people how long it might take to achieve this because currently they are not militarily strong enough to. you know to win enough on the stand and certainly as long as the u.s. maintains its support to the afghan government and some level of troop presence they're not strong enough for that so what they're trying to do is they're trying to stretch this stretch this war out fight as long as it takes for the u.s. to leave in the hope that they can win. afterwards and that means
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a long war ok let's bring back rashid into the conversation ahmed rashid you are in pakistan. the u.s. envoy has been to islamabad tell us about the role of pakistan in this particular scenario and what can pakistan do to exert pressure on the taliban do they have leverage on the taliban on the afghan taliban let me just add a couple of points to the earlier conversation that you've been having i think one reason the taliban have woken up is the fact that they know they cannot rule of guns like they did in the early ninety's they need foreign aid they need friendly neighbors they they need a helping hand and i think the americans the very big card that the americans have to play down the road is the fact that aid to afghanistan will continue if the taliban are willing to be involved with the afghan government to seek a compromise the other thing is that i think the taliban are deeply aware of the
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ifa laich they faced in the ninety's and many of them and they were forced to adopt some of bin laden as one of their finances because they had no money that no aid and they were dependent on drugs and and aid from foreign terrorist groups now as far as a pac sun is concerned the the taliban leadership is living in pakistan most of it there are a few of the commanders leaders who are in iran but most of them are living in pakistan so. obviously made aim is to try and get to meet the leadership of the taliban and get the pakistanis to. expose them if you like to these negotiations have so that they can take but so far i mean the kind. the people who've been meeting have been to the political office of the
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taliban in do in doha in qatar state and and other people. not central to the movement right i think that had been going to decline in pakistan exert leadership can pakistan exert influence over the afghan taliban this is a very controversial point the government here claims that they have very little influence but i believe they still have a normative because so much of the taliban logistics the manpower is based in pakistan and go through pakistan into afghanistan and so i think i think there's a huge at the there is considerable leverage that back son has and and exactly you know at what time or under what conditions will it use that leverage forcefully not just to introduce to peripheral leaders but
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to the hard core of the leadership that the critter shura as it's called. that is the key i think to the to the talks coming up ok. donald trump the u.s. president wants out of afghanistan what happens once the u.s. troops completely pull out afghan forces ready to take over security well first of all as far as even draw a lot of the limited number of the u.s. forces are concerned as far as i'm concerned i believe they will be divorcing this decision i don't think they will be leaving as abruptly as the owner tom has said because the strategist within the pentagon have been coming up with a statement saying that they are reconsidering the same happens with syria as you all know so the same is a case of that one has done the seventeen year longer now it investment that they won't let it go wasted the second point that i want to see even if the americans have a draw at this point without their. negotiations recent negotiator visa the settlement
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settlement between the taliban and the afghan government and americans i can tell you that the current security strenth the security sector strength of afghanistan escapable to stand up to the challenge of the taliban mainly because we have seen that since two thousand and fourteen they have been fighting the taliban and all the friends who have been coming from all sides. challenging the security forces. except the aerial support by the need to a military that haven't been much on the ground and it has been the afghan security forces who have been facing this minister of taliban so i believe they can stand up to it but as far as the independent analyst and those who are advocating for peace in afghanistan they're very much concerned about the future of the afghan conflict because at the end of the day it's the afghan war this is a man and many people who are advocating for peace they believe even if the afghan
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security forces stand up to the challenge of taliban there will be a lot of while ns and human losses civilian losses go of the already more that has increased indeed michael do you agree with mushtaq there who says the u.s. will likely reverse its decision to pull out of afghanistan and who also says that the afghan security forces are capable of standing up to the taliban do you agree with that assessment i'd like to build upon what doc is saying i think that be very difficult for anybody to predict to really what. what the future u.s. approach will be and we're living in a critique white quite uncertain times but i certainly i certainly agree that the people in this of the u.s. establishment the pentagon who've been managing the war they have been advocating more war time the president has not taken any for decision on this and what what was you know talked about. recently was not
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a statement by president strum it was you know a nico about a policy option so they certainly there is a strong there's a strong sort of lobby inside the us a saying that some kind of commitment they must maintain to afghanistan that they should not see they should not allow the collapse of the current system in afghanistan i agree with mr on that on that it is also absolutely correct to that most of the fighting on the ground in is actually being done by afghan security forces and that's been the case since twenty fourteen however this really is a joint effort because as well as the as well as this of the aerial support that the u.s. is providing and all also other other things facilitate you facilitation. frankly the financing for the war is coming from the u.s. they're paying the bills and they hear that when they're why there is some political uncertainty about how long the u.s. will be staying saying again this is because this is a time when people are asking you know what are we getting for this so. i think if
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there is to be a peace settlement it's most likely if the if the u.s. finds a way of sustaining its efforts working alongside the afghan government and making it absolutely clear to the taliban that you don't have an option of fighting on for just another six months just another few months and then you take the whole country and then those in the taliban who are not currently in the leadership but those in the movement. who believe that it's a futile efforts trying to impose themselves on the whole of the country and then they may come around to accepting that we're going to have to up to negotiate with our fellow afghans if they hear if the u.s. runs out of patients before we get that point then without external assistance they current afghan regime will not survive so still a lot of uncertainty ahead for afghanistan gentlemen thank you very much for a very in stressed interesting discussion. michael semple. thank you as well for
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watching you can always watch his program again any time by visiting our website at www dot com for further discussion go to our facebook page that's facebook dot com . story you can also join the conversation on twitter of course i handle inside story for me back to the whole team thank you for watching.
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why because i always can experience the world like never before. cats owning slaves going places together we're talking about ivory poachers who have decimated populations of elephants in africa they almost always ship the ivory out of a different country from where it was poached because that's where you start to
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search to look in the wrong place this radiocarbon dating method can tell us their trade ivory is legal or not then we have a place who can focus law enforcement on take those out and perhaps choke the source of the ip from entering the network take note on al-jazeera. new yorkers are very receptive to al-jazeera because it is such an international city they're very interested in that global perspective that al jazeera provides. you're watching al-jazeera arms the whole robin in doha these are all top news stories a leading u.s. senator has repeated his assertion that these saudi crown prince was responsible for jamal khashoggi is murder lindsey graham added that mohamed bin sultan must be dealt with threatened new sanctions lindsey graham
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a republican who is close to donald trump is on a two day visit to turkey where he's met with president rest of the graham said that he hopes president trump will slow the withdrawal of american troops from syria until i saw it's destroyed now that's in contrast to trump who said american troops are going because i saw has been defeat it. well donald trump will have another summit with kim. tries to get the north korean leader to give up his nuclear program critics say little has really changed since that last meeting which some but dismissed as a photo opportunity particle hain from washington d.c. . this mild for the cameras quickly and then got back to the top u.s. secretary of state mike pompei oh and north korean negotiator kim young chill then went off to the white house behind closed doors a ninety minute meeting with president donald trump at the white house claimed progress the united states is going to continue to keep pressure and sanctions on north korea until we see fully and verify denuclearization we've had very
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good steps in good faith from the north koreans in releasing the hostages and other moves and so we're going to continue those conversations and the president looks forward to next his next meeting at the white house says that will be a to get to be disclosed location at the end of february the state department announced the discussions continued for hours after as secretary pompei o treated the north korean delegation to lunch at their d.c. hotel the last time the two leaders met the president declared the problem solved north korea would do nuclearize but since then satellite images show work continues on their missile and delivery sites but the white house says the focus should be on what the north hasn't done test any new nukes or missiles the problem was and solved after the first summit so now it appears the two sides will try again and soon. al-jazeera washington. more protests are being held in sudan the latest about the growing demands for the president to go religious in the northern region of mass chanted for the end of president bush's thirty year rule activists say at
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least fifty people are being killed and hundreds injured or arrested since the civil unrest began over the rising price of bread. yemen's warring sides of film to reach an agreement during talks in jordan who the rebels and the yemeni government have been negotiating in a month over a prisoner swap deal that was agreed in sweden last month both parties have accused each other of lying and hiding crucial information about detaining. yellow verse protesters are staging their tenth straight weekend of rallies in france this is the scene right now in paris protests began in late november over higher fuel taxes which were subsequently scrapped and have since morphed into a pool to reverse its present. december's protests brought some of the worst violence either on paris's streets for decades rioters cars and damaged shops and businesses. colombia's president is calling on cuba to hand over ten commanders of
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rebel suspected of thursday's police academy attack twenty one people died in the bomb blast in bogota president even duke a has renewed arrest orders for eleven leaders colombia's last remaining rebel group has claimed responsibility for the attack duke a hole to peace talks with the left wing rebels in cuba's capital. at least twenty people are being killed and dozens injured in a pipeline fire in central mexico that happened in hill dargo state north of the capital mexico city on friday the state oil company says people were illegally tapping a pipeline and filling containers with fuel when the explosion happened mexican officials say the number of dead could rise. the indonesian cleric who was the ideological leader of the bali bombers is being granted early release from prison for humanitarian reasons eighty year old bushehr was jailed for fifteen years for his willingness to curves where the bombers were trained more than two hundred people were killed in the nightclub attacks seventeen years ago those were the
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headlines here with al-jazeera you can follow the stories on our website at al-jazeera dot com about that more news in half an hour do stay with us hard earned is next. previously on hard earned last week my total income is less than three hundred dollars you know i live off my credit cards i don't make enough money or you follow . a big purchase this is the fresh relationship i mean. that you don't buy a house of somebody. we need this house right now we're living paycheck to paycheck but. you know we weren't. hilton and diana who live in
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a garage in a trailer park and survive on the wages of a cafeteria worker. so good. to go. bowling. club going to. come on.
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it was the same as single consist. in a scoop in a big one you know your style of math. helped him kennedy and his girlfriend diana pay three hundred dollars a month to live in a shared garage in a silicon valley trailer park. or. in the lake and any sign of any kind of us. skin medicine all of us here they have to go to. hell tim was born in the u.s.
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but was raised in mexico by his mother he is a u.s. citizen so he can legally work here but not in mexico. defacement quanah. and in the. sand i must. thank you sir. so no. but i think one of the deep one of the did. look at the stars who goes. by these washer. googleplex here is designed to make life for people not only as productive as possible but also as pleasant as possible. that you gain with the
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amazing race now they are getting a breath there are always plenty of opportunities to work. on the law. that affect the. middle. says she has something on the place it's. been a pretty hopeless. there will. be checking. that this interest into that quote and the latest.
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i don't. get a single mother and acadia if. they're still. in . good. health ins girlfriend diana is returning from a two week trip to mexico where she visited her family. hilton rarely drives but borrows his friend's car to get to the airport. ok.
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the way it happens isn't. there a. danger. to them they don't come up to the bus and it was going to the philippines it was at least it doesn't matter because why he got an ascot on my says. good at a. bradley that norm but i know mike mayock was thinking about us i can open a can i use any can i miss you had to. say good at the end of this. on the me i need i was on the muscles d.s. mr monk also neal. katyal. will say. it was a good lead to say. we're going to look at some of those yes i'm legion mindful of
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those on the. almost all commandos missed out on the bundle of them to the mythical islamic state in this case he. told us not to. play with the prison wasn't there well yes but a good place to come in to well middle class you could let us in a little modesty and there were v.n. . no we'll put a letter to school with it on the phone is a majority ok so had to me. it was. ok. so someone for whom. you.

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