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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  January 28, 2019 4:00pm-5:01pm +03

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evacuated families in vulnerable areas and continue to distribute food water and medicine and says. she has got this is still a possibility it will find survivors until we find every single body the fire department works with the understanding that there are still people alive. some say they will not cannot give up this well there is still some hope. my mom can know. she's on medication and i'm the only one who can go out and look for information. that they're al-jazeera from and genial brazil in the philippines president regarded saturday as expected in holloway hole visit the victims of sunday's bomb attacks on a roman catholic cathedral the philippines military says it believes the ice and linked group abu sayyaf could be behind the explosions twenty seven people were killed and dozens injured in two bomb blasts targeted worship as
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a mass on the predominantly muslim island of hollow. is in a city close to home. there are reports that iso has claimed responsibility for the attack that's something that the philippine military has this missed its recent statements it's pointing to the natori as i would say your group and the government spokesperson says basically that there are already pursuit operations against several members of the abu sayyaf group now no locoed armed group has claimed responsibility for the attack but it remains to be seen how this could impact the already very precarious security situation not just across mindanao but in particular these outlying islands in the southern philippines as you know where no is home to several armed groups in the southern philippines the more islamic liberation front the more national liberation front members of the private on groups of local politicians and then authorities i will say off the i will say is that all of us suspect that this time similarly because it has executed
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similar attacks in the past and that is something that the philippine military is not discounting the president's arrival today in the law is sending a strong message that it says according to state but that is going to crush rebels or groups that are known to be behind this attack it remains to be seen though how this could impact the peace process the very precarious security situation in mindanao what we all know though is whatever is behind this attack is sending a strong message that the law will always be a powder keg. to come here and al-jazeera including it does not i would say justify violence what's motivating the red scarves movement to stand up to weeks of yellow vest demonstrations in front must be the latest on saddam's broad protests which are threatening the president's hmong time with more not saying this.
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hello again welcome back to international weather forecasts were here across parts of north western russia we have seen some very heavy snow i want to show you some video that has come out of moscow they have actually seen the greatest amount of snow that they have seen in seventy years and it actually brought some white out conditions to the city along with the winds across the area of course they do to bring it to a standstill but it did cause some problems in the area and unfortunately over the next several days we do expect to see more snow coming into play not as heavy as what we have seen but still causing a problem to what was already on the ground there so from moscow your high temperature here on monday minus three degrees and as we go towards tuesday we expect to get maybe up to about minus one over here towards the west we are watching well weather system just to the west of france that is going to bring some very windy and wet weather there down towards the south though a little bit of a break from all of the activity that we have seen over the last few days well here
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across the northern part of africa of course we had been a big problem here with the snow across parts of tunisia we're still looking at some cloudy conditions across much of that area down towards because you know it is a partly cloudy day for you but we do expect to see by the time we get towards tuesday the possibility of some more rain coming into play there as well as some gusty winds over here towards cairo though it is going to be a partly cloudy day with a temperature of twenty one. every attack in europe creates fear and division amongst its citizens where stories of loss go on told. a sweeping association of islam with violence leaves european muslims facing the stark reality of being ostracized by the very communities in which they live. and moon the tragic loss of life
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twice a victim on al-jazeera. welcome back a quick reminder the top stories here on al-jazeera venezuela's self-proclaimed president . is calling for two days of protests to demand nicolas maduro calls for free and fair elections president maduro accuses the opposition leader of being part of a u.s. led. philippines president rob riggle the territory is expected in the hollow following sunday's bombings of a roman catholic leader or the philippines military says it believes the ice a linked group abu sayyaf could be behind the attacks which killed twenty seven people. and the un special rapporteur who is looking into the murder of the
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journalist is due to meet the turkish foreign minister and anchor on monday will hold weeklong talks as part of our own inquiry. a prominent chinese human rights lawyer huang jiang has been sentenced to four half years in prison for subversion wang had defended political activists victims of land seizures and members of the banned religious group falun gong he was tried in a closed hearing in december one has been detained since twenty fifteen falling asleep. rights activists. thousands of protesters are rallied in the french capital to call for an end to violence and destruction caused by three months of anti-government demonstrations like the so-called yellow vest movement they're also using clothing to identify themselves but the reports from paris. a new citizens movement in france created online and now on the streets of paris they call themselves the varied scarves and they say they're fighting back against months of
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finance and disruption by yellow fest protesters thousands marched through the city to demand an end to the yellow vest blockades and demonstrations the unity and respect for fraud says democracy and institutions will lead up to legal or not i see we are here to say no there are laws in france and in europe. i should be respected and the violence must stop and this detestable image of france created by minority of people of course demonstration is right i appreciate the right of the most special will demonstrate. it does not i would say justify violence some people here say they used to support the yellow fests and many share their concerns over the rising cost of living but they say the weekly scenes of unrest are too much on saturday police and yellow vests demonstrators clashed again in several cities across france since the movement began in november eleven people have been killed and dozens injured as the red scarves reached by steal
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a symbol of the french revolution the divisions between the two movements was clear behind those bullies all. right. they stopped here in the past and. not on the steps of the opera house or yellow vis protestors and it's something of a standoff with both sides hitting each other. so you don't know. if the movement was really against violence then most yellow vests would approve were not for violence obviously but listening to their slogans and when you look at them it seems more like a pro macro march to me. emanuel mark karr has been promoting his national debate initiative aimed at quelling the yellow fest demonstrations by giving people more of a say in the way that france is run opinion polls suggest the french president is regaining some popularity off to months of low ratings micro hasn't commented on the red scarf movement but he might hope it is
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a sign that the tide is turning in his favor natasha butler al jazeera paris. a fire has broken out on cape town's lions had mountain on sunday evening videos uploaded to social media showed the fire blazing across the mountains smoke clouds rising in the helicopters tearing water towards the side homes were evacuated as flames engulfed the area that's despite the city fire and rescue department not issuing an official evacuation order palestinian protesters and israeli troops have clashed near ramallah in the occupied west bank it comes a day after a palestinian man was shot dead during a confrontation between israeli settlers and the residents of new year a village thousands of mourners attended his funeral on sunday israeli police say they're investigating the killing. a new round of talks between the u.s. envoy to afghanistan and the taliban will be held in doha next month zalmay khalilzad is in kabul to brief the government on the ghost asians to end the seventeen year war sect of state like ohio says the u.s.
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is serious about pursuing peace and taking america's armed forces ome reports. afghans eager to learn more about the peace talks between the u.s. and the taliban. government leaders in kabul are not commenting they have complained about not being involved in the latest round of talks in qatar's capital . of afghans we spoke to hope the talks in doha will help and the war while others are skeptical. made what has been that we are very hopeful all the afghans are tired of for exploration in suicide attack in this country they are hoping for a brighter future and i am very hopeful that these talks will bring a bright future for us and for the future of afghanistan. we afghans don't trust groups affiliated with foreign intelligence agencies the u.s. must talk with the afghan people because we are the ones who suffer this is not
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peace what kind of peace is this the us own boy to afghanistan is in kabul to brief president assad funny when his meeting with the taliban. had reported that there had been significant progress the taliban though we're being cautious saying talks with continue to overcome obstacles one of them is agreeing on a timeline for the withdrawal of foreign troops initially the taliban dismissed any overtures towards the u.s. as long as american forces in afghanistan. the taliban has rejected direct talks with the afghan government which it considers an american puppet but peace in afghanistan goes beyond internal disputes the u.s. hopes neighboring pakistan can play a crucial role in the talks the afghan government and the white house have often
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accused the pakistani government of providing weapons and shelter for taliban fighters accusations denied by leaders in islamabad we would like to see us and we think of one is done as friend of the region so they're having exited there must not abandon afghanistan in terms of their social economic development restoration of. the development process the u.s. hopes the doha talks will lead to a cease fire and power sharing agreement that would pave the way for tens of thousands of us a day to troops to pull out of afghanistan. al jazeera the number of illegal drugs factories being discovered in iraq is growing and so is the number of addicts particularly in poverty stricken parts of the south are just as rob matheson has more now from baghdad. this is one of the front lines in iraq's latest battle the fight against illegal drugs such as heroin and crystal meth. it's
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a makeshift treatment center run by police in the southern city of basra trying to help addicts such as haasan. i have been an addict for more than seventeen months and then i got arrested by police while i was buying large quantities of drugs to use every day my entire family has disowned me. drug smugglers have been crossing parts of the border with iran which were left with little protection during the four year war against isis importing mainly cannabis and methamphetamines drugs factories have also been discovered on the iraqi side of the border in plantations and orchards in bass or province highlands. so we're tightening security to prevent the smuggling of drugs and narcotics doing as much as we can to stop it but there are ways smugglers are getting past this the treatment center in basra run by the police is one of two unofficial facilities
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that the city has but they can handle only a few patients at a time so some of them come here this is the most hospital in baghdad and it's a rags only official addiction treatment center it can deal with about seventy four patients at a time and some of these beds are empty at the moment but there are more patients coming from all over iraq every day buzzer province has some of iraq's biggest oil fields but its electricity and water supplies barely work i don't widespread unemployment problem means people here have very little money. iraq's anti drug force says it sees one hundred sixty lives of drugs produced in basra province since november that's ten kilos more than was confiscated during the whole of twenty seventeen. if you were out of the bus and i drugs and science or i have reached a seriously as a way the number of people serving or using them is rising more than thirteen hundred people that have been charged with drugs offenses all been found guilty.
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but the police also admit it's hard to stop people making and selling drugs when the only alternative is poverty rob matheson al-jazeera baghdad now the french president says egypt's human rights record is perceived as worse now than under hosni mubarak's leadership emanuel macron made the comments during a three day trip to the arab nation micro was criticized for not taking a stronger stance on egypt's human rights record when the two leaders met president fattah el-sisi the egyptian president when they meet in cairo later on monday. a bit more anti-government protests in sudan's capital khartoum that coincided with a visit by president omar al bashir to egypt where he accused the media of exaggerating the extent of the unrest even more reports from carter. it's his second visit outside his country in less than a week as to dance president obama to bashir faces continuing calls back home to
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end his thirty year rule and step down calls that started six weeks ago and to which he has remained defiant to heed. the there is a problem in sudan we cannot claim that we don't have a problem but some media take it out of size and dimension it is an attempt to clone what is being called the arab spring in sudan it has the same slogans programmes and requests it also has the same use of social media however the sudanese people have learned the lesson that they have seen what happened in some of the states that went through the so-called arab spring and its negative implications wedding the sudanese people are very alert and will not fall into anyone's trap to destabilize sudan. the demonstrations started in mid december and the city of odds over rising bread prices it could spread to other parts of the country with thousands taking to the streets demanding that and bashir who's been in power since one thousand eight hundred nine and his rule security forces are accused of using excessive force with bullets and tear gas used to disperse
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peaceful unarmed protesters. the government says twenty nine have been killed since protests began rights groups say that number is at least fifty with dozens more injured. opposition to bush years rule is not only in the streets some political parties have lend support to those protesting and on sunday the federal party one of the parties in the national government announced that it's withdrawing its participation in the government becoming the third party to do so since the demonstrations began in the for the. there are g.m. has lost legitimacy and the ability to deal with the political crisis and trust in the regime has been lost we hope that the president steps down and paves the way for an interim government that is agreed upon by all sides the protests are seem to be the biggest challenge to be here since he came to power and some analysts say the ruling party is running out of time to find ways to overcome and to have a heart attack in the withdrawal of the federal party today is
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a sign that the ruling party is weakening so it has to take a step back and find a solution to the wave of protest of was more political parties will withdraw from the government and join the opposition movements. a movement triggered by an economic crisis which has become a nationwide call for change and to which there seems to be no end in the horizon are going to al-jazeera. now murell by the british artist banksy on our door the battle plan paris has been stolen moments of people were killed at a concert hall in the time orchestrated by iceland twenty fifty a painting showed a young girl mourning the loss of life about atlanta's expressed deep indignation at the theft. time for a quick check on the top stories here venezuela's self-proclaimed president. is calling for two days of nationwide protests to demand nicolas maduro of free and
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fair elections. president would your accuses the opposition leader being part of the u.s. . we are calling for a mass mobilization of national and international level we would be taking to the streets of venezuela and around the world to follow and show our support for the european ultimatum to the government and head of the senate a deadline it's an unprecedented ultimatum in support of our people's demand to bring down the user reapers the un human rights investigator looking into the murder of the saudi journalist. is due to meet turkey's foreign minister in ankara agnes calamari is due to have a week long talks in turkey as part of her own inquiry she wants to visit the saudi consulate in istanbul where she was killed in october also wants to visit riyadh but hasn't yet received a response. in southeast brazil searchers say there is little hope of finding
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survivors from friday's down collapse more than three hundred people are still missing and fifty eight are confirmed dead the search was called off briefly on sunday amid fears a second was about to burst earlier the search was suspended for several hours of a fears that a second was at risk army commanders in the southern philippines suspect muslim fighters linked to ice or carried out sunday's bomb attacks on a roman catholic cathedral two explosions killed people at sunday mass in a hollow present in regard to target is expected on the muslim island soon. a prominent chinese human rights lawyer wang chang jiang has been sentenced to four years in prison for subversion wang had defended political activists victims of land seizures and members of the band religious group falun gong he was tried in a closed hearing last december one spent attains twenty fifteen falling asleep the crackdown on rights activists. thousands of protesters wearing red scarves a rally in the french capital to call for an end to violence and disruption caused
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by three months of anti-government demonstrations protests was organized to counter the so-called goal of this movement against president emanuel. right so those are the headlines the news continues here on al-jazeera after inside story bottom. the first time the differences. and the similarities of the. us al-jazeera. can there be peace in that the southern philippines bomb blasts killed worshipers and a catholic cathedral after a landslide vote for a wider role in the most news in the region will be attacked him the efforts to end nearly sixty years of war with rebels this is inside story
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the at the at the at the end. hello there welcome to the program i'm laura caro it was hoped hall for a century of conflict in the southern philippines was coming to an end at long last boss on sunday to bomb blasts in the muslim majority south where our minds are of the fragile security situation the first explosion was during sunday mass inside the catholic cathedral in hollow the capital of sulu province the second blast happened as soldiers arrived at the scene dozens were killed and injured the attacks followed last monday's referendum in the region of mindanao which overwhelmingly voted for more self rule in an expanded autonomous region but paulo and sulu province narrowly rejected the deal will bring in our guests in just a moment but first john dagon sets up our discussion from manila. the first bomb
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exploded inside the cathedral while men's was on going then panicked survivors and show which church goers rushed out when they were met by a group of soldiers on a truck responding to the first attack that's when the second bomb was detonated right outside the cathedral and according to the finnish the military he was placed inside a container box and a motorcycle parked right outside because the joke was this is not the first time that attacks like this one happened it's the law the message is quite clear to the philippine government and to all other groups operating. in hollow that that's the law will always remain to be a powder keg all across the mindanao region that despite efforts of the minute she basically to contain the situation this is my say entire region of. of mindanao under martial rule and despite multimillion dollar fines that the government and
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civil society groups are unable to contain hollow at this point it comes at a very difficult time that there is a referendum that means that the mid-term mid-term elections are well underway and it's good to know that even if you look at the map of the law it may seem very small but it is one of the most militarized areas in the southern philippines almost all armed groups in the area operate in hello there's the more islamic liberation front the more a national liberation front and several factions of the notorious abu sayyaf group not to mention private armed groups being run and operated by local political elites there at this point so it remains to be seen how this will impact or at least this attack and impact the security situation on the ground the philippine government said it will respond strongly against the perpetrators this is a malawian dogon for inside story. well as tamala mentioned there was a referendum last week in the mindanao region and nearly three million filipinos took part eighty five percent backed an agreement to create
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a self administered area called bangsamoro the referendum follows a peace deal signed back in two thousand and fourteen between the government and the moro islamic liberation front or m i l f rebels gave up their goal of an independent state in exchange for more autonomy the m.i.l.f. has agreed to demobilize up to forty thousand fighters and end their decades long rebellion that has killed more than one hundred thousand filipinos and displaced millions of others thanks. so plenty to look at today and let's bring in our guests now to do so in manila we have jose antonio caserio a defense and security analyst and former consultant of the national security council in the philippines in c.m. rape cambodia via skype we have emma lesley director of the center for peace and conflict studies and also manila via skype is steve rood formerly the philippines country representative for the asia foundation
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a very warm welcome to all of you jose let's first of all address these bombings we've got at the time of recording this show some twelve hours after the attacks no claims of responsibility but who are the prime suspects here. well the thing is that it's really difficult to say who are the prime suspects who are we actually did it but of course the prime suspects would either be. you know or or any of the of the groups that actually mentioned even private arm groups could have been behind it to solve destabilisation for whatever political agenda they have so it's still too early to a certain and might even be done purposefully by this whoever did that saw to saw confusion to who really is behind it so that. it will mean more difficult for the government to track who who who under under took this very dreadful act of bombing
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the cathedral. but i see two while ago it had only linger to believe this attack was the last week's referendum where of course a huge majority voted for a new era of self governance in this region but notably hollow rejected this well i think the fact that subaru rejected it and the bombing are disconnected facts. actually the elements of which will mention by correspondent have pledged allegiance to the law mixtape and this technique of a second bombing taking out the responders is an escalation that we haven't seen yet here in the philippines and it sort of speaks technical assistance from islamic state to increase the impact of the kinds of attacks that was undertaken and it really undermines doesn't it how difficult peace in this region is the m.i.l.f. may have come to some sort of agreement with the government but there are many
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other groups such as abu sayyaf that still pose a huge threat. yes indeed a fact part of your group that the government reached with the m.i.l.f. is a complicated series of measures on both sides that lead to the decommissioning that was mentioned of the m.i.l.f. riders and much of that has yet to happen so while we will see you some decommissioning as a result of the put the past in the future there are many hurdles to be left over ok this referendum that happened last week and it came five years after the peace agreement between the government and the m.i.l.f. why did it take so long and why indeed as steve mentioned we still in the process of decommissioning all sound like because that outcome of the agreement takes time to implement certainly because as a as you can hear a lot of stakeholders and a lot of complex politics involved but i think that what happened in harlow today highlights the need for this this process to continue to be fast tracked because
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engaging a large moderate muslim population at one point five million people came out and voted yes to this referendum shows the need to bring this middle population up to some level of strength to some level of equity some shared sense of development but more importantly to address a historic injustices that spain that's the decades and which this population is hungry to have a chance to show how they might govern this area now none of us are naive enough to think that that doesn't go without some level of ongoing challenges some outbursts of violence certainly haven't we manage extremists groups but empowering this population and this particular autonomy gives that a robust chance at some level of peace and security going for him ok jose how much autonomy will mindanao have well before i answer that also like the
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address of. that how long did it take well. if we look at the at the there was supposed to be already in a. congress was supposed to have work agreed on this law during the previous administration but just to show how fluid the situation is in mindanao there was this incident where in police were killed in a operation against murder one was a. form of foreign militant and the the botched operation led to a backlash against an earlier attempt to pass a bunch of moral basic law now. back to your. question. in many there's a level of autonomy except for defense and military matters that remains under the national government and that is a very tricky issue now because of the fact that our the. moral
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autonomous region tries to find its way through governance. it will have the resolve issues like this where in how will the military and police. operate in and in their region especially if for example the perpetrators of such of its events are are identified with any major secessionist secessionist group and usually that's the tricky part that's a that's a very big problem because that's when. obstacles are are there that are interesting and we don't you sense that is that because of course they've gotten cancer test facing them already now and hollow how do they respond to this particular attack it's going to pave the way isn't it for many people to look at how the military is going to respond in the future. it's
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a test case of how well yes of how they are not just the military itself but the entire national screwed up or out those on the national government will of handling the police the intelligence and so on so far so this the government has to show not just resolve in running out of them but but competence in doing so in and bringing our own and bring to justice the correct people they're the ones who really perpetrated it if not then this would be seen as a. weakness in the government and you might then have of such operations being launched by. groups that are against the of the the the least of the peace process just to advance whatever extremist advocacy that they have and. mindanao from is from central to stu to western in western in the now is chock full of those types of of militant extremist or even
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criminal organizations. and many of them can operate either by themselves or under the. remote control of a nother group it's not impossible to imagine that even though it does have the hallmarks of of an ice isis type operation that given the level of lawlessness in law that that might have been carried out by that's a extremist group but with the blessings of another group right right ever how should the military respond do you think in a way that will not only slightly a de whale this process that's been thorough long in coming. well i mean one of the points coming out of that mama soprano example is that the partnership the very robust partnership between government and the morrow islamic liberation front
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and a number of other stakeholders and partners and mechanisms on the ground which have been put in place over the last twenty is was largely overlooked and so we do see where government acts independently of other supportive peace loving partners on the ground like the m.i.l.f. and we do see outbreaks of violence so i think it's very very important that the philippine government now take seriously this vote and continue that partnership for peace because it's only when those that have some sense of stake in this territory feel that they have some control over their own security will we see a change in that dynamic so i think that the military the police and so on maher islamic down forces but also the international monitoring tames decommissioning bodies all of the international partners will need to put together and that's the only way forward and of course to be clear we're talking about the banks to morrow
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and not the entire mindanao island and of course that also creates a challenge in terms of the other armed groups that operate on the rest of their territory seeing how much challenge is there in this area i mean we've got three a transition period now and then the election to choose an executive's for example these m.i.l.f. need to how talented is that going to be for them to govern when they used to fighting. well the government of the m.i.l.f. some years ago realize that as they were getting closer to a solution to an agreement they needed to prepare for that so there have been a number of institutions stood up over the past years which involve the iowa which involve the government which involve the international community so there's a development agency there's a leadership and management institute so they have been working towards that at the
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same time it must be said that the current leadership of the autonomous region will cement that out which is being abolished the current leadership has been very. cooperative in setting things up so that there's an easier transition so as international transitions go this is a pretty well prepared insurgent group to try to move into some of the governance issues. oh they be the current government correct me if i'm wrong here but is that the autonomous region of muslim mindanao they are double m. many have looked at us and said it was a failure do you agree it and what lessons could be learned from that experience. well the m.i.l.f. chairman himself had said that the biggest hurdle that are the biggest challenge that they are facing is actually of the issue of corruption and many see that they are a member of failed because of the corruption on so many levels that were seen in fact
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previous era member of governor was being had had face jail time for that and some therefore that is a big question can the can these secessionists the leaders of the censors movement once they move into arm a governance role and together with other ma leaders or so is that will they be able to break that of that. affliction or that that that the problem of corruption or will they be sucked up into the system also because it's not just a conflict that it's a problem there but also a lot of social injustice. sample jamila had said the while ago that their existence of private armed groups and these are political political figures or
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political clance a a and this political clans. tend to disenfranchise a lot of of of muslims and therefore that then makes arm. groups such as the secessionists attractive now to. two disenfranchised people therefore are good the m.i.l.f. be able to or in there for another leader be able to. be different from what happened in the air and leadership or not and that remains the biggest question and of course now people are going to be ready and i accept that asians have a. this is a very impoverished area people want to see improvements to their standard of living and want to see employment opportunities they want to see better schools better infrastructure how quickly does the m.i.l.f. have to implement these changes. well firstly the ira man has made
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a significant effort in the last couple of years to eradicate corruption so i think that's a little bit of an all story but also let's not only look at this through a security framework i mean part of the reason that the m.l.f. and the m.i.l.f. take up weapons in the first place is a sense of injustice and indignity about the way that many a lot has to has treated them for so long and so it's not just schools and better economy and development that people are looking for it's a recognition of a historic in justice it's dignity and i think that's why they've been so many celebrations over this past week that finally they had the possibility the power to say what they wanted and and to enforce that agreement and to continue on what they have been negotiating for for this past twenty years people a hundred thousand lives have been lost there have been massacres all across this area by repeated philippine military isn't ministrations finally we're setting that
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right so certainly poverty is an issue but it's not the driving factor that started this conflict in the first place so yes schools will continue to function civil servants will continue to get pay mandela has made sure that there's a way to continue to bring five percent of the national budget into the area there will be money provided by the national government to write conflict areas but this is not what the people of the banks of mara have been demanding is is a better economy it's that they want to be recognised and they want at the right to govern themselves and i think that's what's significant about this house week and what we have on to it doesn't take away the security complexity but it does mean that we have a better chance of addressing those that we call disenfranchised because we have now and franchise that they now have the possibility and see how key was present or do you go to target a to all of this because he of course is
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a mindanao man himself and peace in the region was one of his key campaign promises as he managed in some way to overcome that so not to distrust that's built up over generations in the area. well in some ways he has agreed he has family connections to museums he has as mayor of a city down in the south city had to live with the insurgents and come to move modus vivendi is with them. and in particular though it was his general insistence on reaching the final agreement he wasn't very much bothered about the details he left that others up to others including the m.i.l.f. to craft the actual law but he asked congress and pressed congress to get it done and then he went down to court to votto city and held a rally there and cotabato city is now joining the ranks of our autonomous
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region in a way that it didn't join in the previous autonomous region so his impact has been quite significant. he has thrown up i will say one of the hurdles that i mentioned before because in the original agreement there were supposed to be a branch of the philippine national police called the box of moral police and he has refused to continence that from the very beginning so the moro islamic liberation front has decided that they would take this organic law but there needs to be new arrangements for how the decommissioning will happen in the absence of this one small police ok and i was there what are the obstacles might be coming from manila in terms of perhaps the tate success says old supreme court rulings from the authorities that the santa. well i'm
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going to save this and him there is still a. a case filed in the supreme court regarding that and we still are going it's we still have to see what the supreme court's decision will be regarding specifically salusa sort of a loss inclusion in that particular autonomous region. however coming from a security angle there is a lot of distrust ok and expression lee in both sides specifically for something the case of. the armed forces it costs. us it it although there are public displays of or of support ok but internally there are also all grumblings and that is for example why the the decision on the of on this bunkum or a police force was reconsidered because it came mainly from pressure from within
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the security establishment regarding the the possibility of such a of of us such a force being used for other purposes only so again they said although there is no real evidence on or on that force becoming that but there are suspicions and mistrust distrust issues because you did say that has been. not just a fifty year old war it's been ongoing even in the spanish colonial period in american culture that period this is just the latest manifestation of all of it so distrust has. existed ok generation to generation or more of course members of the military and i just am the last minute that we have how optimistic are you that can continue on this path to peace.
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pragmatically optimistic knowing that there are many challenges ahead that we all need to get behind them and support them that the people have spoken but what has that they've shown us that what the possibility of peace talks and peace processes can do and once an agreement is signed we expect that pay should come but we know that it's the implementation of that agreement so i'm sure that in so that thailand's a man meyer and many other places around the region people are looking to this up to me mystically knowing the challenges and ok really interesting discussion thank you very much to all our guests for joining us today jose antonio custodial emma leslie and steve root and thank you two very much for watching you can see the program again any time by visiting our website that's al-jazeera dot com and for further discussion do go to our facebook page that's facebook dot com ford slash a.j. inside story you can also join the conversation on twitter our handle is at a.j. inside story from me laura kyle and the whole team here in doha it's my finale.
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and. al jazeera. and for your. a un special rapporteur arrives in turkey to investigate the murder of the saudi journalist.
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this is al jazeera also coming up venezuela's president nicolas maduro puts on a show of military might as his rival calls for more protests against. the possibility of a bomb attack on a roman catholic church in the southern philippines. and getting hooked in iraq employment and poverty lead to an alarming rise in heroin addiction. we begin in the turkish capital ankara where the u.n. human rights investigate and looking into the murder of jamal khashoggi is due to meet turkey's foreign minister agnes calamari is due to have weeklong talks in turkey especially. it's a crucial step towards full accountability for the killing of the saudi journalist and critic of the crown prince well stephanie decker joins us live now outside the saudi consulate in istanbul how significant is this visit by the un special
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rapporteur stephan and what can we expect to come out of it. but significant is certainly putting the merger of back on the map at a time if we look back just now at the world economic forum in davos where you had a senior saudi delegation meeting with senior officials from various different countries powerful organizations it seems to be business as usual while she's undertaken upon herself to carry this out because as she described it as a gruesome killing with major implications she's meeting as you mentioned the foreign turkey's foreign minister in ankara she will be coming to istanbul is well she's also for access to the consulate behind us which employees of the concert have been cars darin's that we don't have access to see the door but she's for access to that we're not clear at the moment the saudis will allow her team access to the concert she'll be talking to the prosecutors the turkish investigators who've been leading the charge in their investigation she'll be talking to
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journalists or friends of jamal khashoggi to try and piece together what exactly happened now she will be delivering her report in june to the human rights council whether it's going to what kind of implications going to have remains to be seen but certainly her words were that she undertook this upon herself because there was no indication that the united nations or other individual member states were going to demand an independent investigation so i think it is important the fact that she's putting this back on the map and highlighting how concerned she is in her role as the un special. rapporteur into this to see what happened here and stephanie things seem to have gone pretty quiet over the telling so what's the latest on the ongoing investigation. well when it comes to turkey's investigation it is kind of gone cold there's been no final indictment from the turkish prosecutor and the team here they had access to the consulate around two weeks after it happened there that says to the home of the saudi consul general who
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lives just a couple of hundred meters from here you know the video was released we saw just recently a black van similar to those that you see behind me heading down this road just under two hours off. that building and then seeing those men carrying these black bags into the home of the consul general according to sources we've been speaking to they believe perhaps parts of. the body could be inside a well twenty one meter deep well inside the home of the. general. they've not been given access to properly investigate that well the saudis of course maintain that this was an operation operation that they have indicted eleven men five of those now facing the death penalty however we don't know the names of these men many people will say that it is obscure and that certainly such an operation inside of saudi diplomatic mission daryn targeting a well connected well established journalist can only have been done with some form
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of a green light and knowledge of senior members of the saudi royal family of course this is all being denied but it does raise the question who did it and we still don't know where the body. stephanie. venezuela's president is calling for two days of protests to them on the. recent reelected president is accusing the opposition leader of being part of a u.s. led to. we are calling for a mass mobilization at national and international level we will be taking to the streets of venezuela and around the world to follow and show our support for the european union's ultimatum to the madrid government head of the senate a deadline it's an unprecedented ultimatum in support of our people's demand to bring down the user reapers australia is the latest government to recognize goto as
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interim president so does the majority of countries in the americas major european union countries such as france germany and the u.k. in america at its at the cinema reports now from could in colombia near the border with venezuela. as never before venezuela's armed forces are taking center stage president nicolas maduro all spent the day showing he's still in control of the military hanging out with the navy. after overseeing military exercises a prelude to what he says will be an unprecedented display of force next month the problem colombia is a conspiracy to divide our armed forces thousands of messages every day through the social media water trying to erode the army's morale and plant the poison of the trial today i come to say that this bolivarian armed force will be every day more loyal to the people to the revolution and. as he spoke that so-called poison was being distributed by opponents to members of the armed forces it's an amnesty
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law offered to soldiers and high ranking officers guaranteeing that they'll be no reprisals if they defect and cooperate with the interim government tournament the fire. forces we are inviting them to join us to join to people not to come from there. the military is key to president mother's duration empower. soldiers of venezuela to give you an order not to shoot the people of venezuela. one why dog interim president designated. by the opposition controlled national assembly says that the government has escalated a campaign of repression and it's calling on the un high commissioner for human rights to rush to venezuela to witness unfolding events according to penal forum and in jail the tracks arrests the number has jumped from five hundred to seven hundred ninety one over the weekend but so far why the all is not just one of them president maduro is treading with caution in part because why dogs arrest could
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trigger a domestic powder keg but also because of the threat of international reprisals u.s. national security adviser john bolton tweeted that if anything should happen to guide dog or the national assembly the u.s. would issue a quote significant response you see in human al-jazeera colombia. claiming responsibility for sunday's bomb attacks on a roman catholic church in the southern philippines the philippines military says it believes the ice and. us was behind the twin bombings president rodriguez attends as visiting some of the wounded in the muslim majority in the hole where the attack took place twenty seven people were killed. in the city which is close to a whole. there are reports that iso has claimed responsibility for the attack that's something that the philippine military has this missed its recent statements it's pointing to the notorious group and the government spokesperson says basically that
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there are already pursuit operations against several members of the group now no locoed armed group has claimed responsibility for the attack but it remains to be seen how this could impact the already very precarious security situation not just across mindanao but in particular these outlying islands in the southern philippines as you know where no is home to several armed groups in the southern philippines the more islamic liberation front the more national liberation front members of the private groups of local politicians and then authorities the abu sayyaf is that all of us suspect that this time similarly because it has executed similar attacks in the past and that is something that the philippine military is not discounting the president's arrival today in the law is sending a strong message that it says according to state but that is going to crush rebels or groups that are known to be behind this attack it remains to be seen though how
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this could impact the peace process the very precarious security situation in mindanao what we all know though is that whatever is behind this attack is sending a strong message that the law will always be a powder keg not a prominent chinese human rights lawyer wang has been sentenced to four and a half years in prison for subversion wang defended political activists victims of lancy just a members of the banned religious groups ongoing he was stronger than a closed hearing last december wang had been detained during a sweeping crackdown of rights activists in twenty fifteen major brown joins us live now from beijing a gentle is a bit more about the background to this case. well daryn has very much been in a sort of legal black hole for the last three and a half years he was detained in two thousand and fifteen as part of a crackdown known as the seven o nine crackdown it was called seven o nine because the crackdown happened on the ninth of july two thousand and fifteen
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now hundreds of human rights activists and lawyers were detained one and this group had been part of a sort of grassroots movement to try to improve civil society in china they were helping people involved in land disputes people who complained of religious persecution human rights groups as well but the trouble is president xi jinping regards groups like this as simply tools of the west and with one intention which is to subvert the chinese government so many of these people were detained some were put on trial but one was the last of these lawyers two to be put on trial as you say his trial was held on december the twenty six when of course much of the world is distracted by christmas he wasn't able to select his own lawyer and he hadn't seen his wife and hasn't seen his wife in fact since his detention so it's
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been highlighted by groups like amnesty international as a real travesty of justice they have condemned his sentence and spoken out in very strong language about what has happened to him but of course this is all happening at a time when the you know the atmosphere the environment towards anyone remotely connected to human rights organizations is changing quite profoundly and given the crackdown against their major and which you've just highlighted why would anyone want to be a human rights lawyer in today's china. well that's right and i think that may well be the point and remember the chinese government is not just going after human rights lawyers and activists it's also been targeting foreigners that it thinks pose a threat to canadians have been detained during the past few weeks one of them a former diplomat and i think the message actually that's going out from china's leaders is this we're not overly concerned about what international sentiment is
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about china's human rights agent thank you now the french president says in gypsy.

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