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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  March 4, 2019 9:00pm-10:01pm +03

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learning how to use jobs and was unveiled their new computer in the spring of one thousand nine hundred seventy seven at the computer fair in san francisco the apple two is a smush ate. the apple two was a huge that it was actually really the first all usable personal computer the apple two always you know i always thought it was magical because you could do almost anything you thought of if he were creative enough the apple to the first personal computer designed for the general public the sales are phenomenal it in bodies the computer revolution but it has a serious hundred and the person who has the solution is boogie. was the acro version of basic but it wasn't completely up to date that was a certain aspect of it that wasn't in there so they began looking around for another version of basic that ran on that ship at the apple two used and microsoft
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was a company that had it so they got in touch with bill gates. with basic microsoft supplies with the apple two locks this is the first collaboration between bill gates and steve joel but at the end of the seventy's thanks to the success of the apple two the spotlight is on steve jobs and then in one nine hundred eighty they went public so there are all these people have stock that got very rich in it was one of the first public companies in the personal computer space where people got rich so than people turn to really paying attention what's it like to get rich it's very interesting i was worth. over a million dollars when i was twenty three and over ten million dollars when i was twenty four and over one hundred million dollars when i was twenty five but. especially the play of my life it was it was not the most important thing the most
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important thing was the company the people the products we were making the products also the obsession of bill gates his vision of a world organized a run software. there's a lot of people who are forecasting that they'll be software stores just like their record stores today and that they'll be thousands and thousands of those and i think i'd have to agree with that or mine of those first product was basic and that was sold to apple and that was sold to radio shack and commodore they were all customers so he already was doing business with sort of everybody that was trying to make personal computers he was the first person to really have the idea of a software company separately from a hardware company and that maybe the software company was going to create more value the hardware. but apple was the big elephant you know bill gates was the mouse so bill gates being that position he was a scheming you know strategic guy and he managed to work his company up despite the
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fact that the giants of the personal computer business apple and to some extent in i.b.m. were giants and he had to get his software on to them in order to grow his company . i.b.m. the computer hardware giant soon entered the new personal computer market but computing was a nothing without software so i.b.m. known as big blue tones to bill gates who seizes the opportunity and in one thousand nine hundred eighty signs of a lucrative contract with i.b.m. his new computer operating system would run on all i.b.m. p.c.'s and most dos is the backbone of the p.c. and it makes the computer easier to use. the smartest thing he did maybe the smartest thing he ever did in the computer business was that he got
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i.b.m. to sign a deal that gave him a one time payment but a lot of him to license it other people who might clone i b m's peacey. i b.m. did not really think anybody else was in a successfully clone their p.c. so they didn't care it's bill gates's must have strong in addition to his contract with i.b.m. he retains the right to sell his computer operating system to any of big blue's competitors bring go with dos gates sets the software standard for the entire p.c. industry i'd say within six months of him doing the i.b.m. deal. everybody in socal valley knew about microsoft the. in the early eighties steve jobs and bill gates are still under thirty two key players in a rapidly expanding industry meteoric success stories for two very different
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personalities. robert cringely knew both men well he worked with gates and jobs starting in the late seventy's a former staff member at apple he switched to journalism and for more than thirty years has written about their rivalry with bill was always about the money with steve it was never about the money and money is nice but it was never about them i am so that that made them black and white you know up the dow up the whole they were there very very different people i hired steve jobs at atari when i think hughes ninety. he was very sure of himself and was quick to judge whether he thought you were smart or dumb and if he thought you were dumb he was very dismissive even if you were his supervisor
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he he was very good at knowing what he wanted and he would just steamroll you into doing it and he definitely relied on his instincts a lot he relied on his gut he talked about that all the time and that's a certain type of spiritual dimension of being into being you know we had read books about for instance gordon chief a famous russian spiritual master who was always talking about integration and the horror of this which means using all your faculties which means using your third eye of vision. in the seventies like many of the hippies at the time steve jobs and his friend daniel costa leave to go to india the trip is a rite of passage a search for spiritual wisdom. we were looking for a wise man who had secrets of knowledge for us. nothing really
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much happened to us we did not find the guru we hoped we would find. steve would talk about all this. spiritual stuff and yet he could be a cool person you know he he he had a real troubles with intimacy he couldn't allow himself to get close to people. i don't know why you know he loved the idea of spiritual ism but to live it was hard for him. and bill is just geeky et al his he he's just a very nerdy guy and as such in especially his early years he had problems communicating and being understood and his family didn't know what to do with them
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and he found his niche in business and technology and succeeding just on the basis of brainpower steve jobs and much better marketeer them than bill gates was but he was not really that technical he was not a technical. code writer bill gates could write code and write good code bill just different he lead with the data and with the inside in the technology any idea where steve led with you know what's it feel like to look like you know so. much more technical much more marketing where we are one. in one recent one. was.
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in one thousand nine hundred forty jobs the king of marketing unleashes a groundbreaking advertising campaign this is to promote his newest creation the legendary macintosh a rampart against the r. well in world of the giant i.b.m. after the macintosh nothing would ever be the same again simpler operating features new design the mouse appears on the graphics interface those little windows that make life so much easier these innovations combined with software developed by microsoft like excel and word make the mag an overwhelming success in fact bill gates becomes a key figure in promoting the mac for years now it's a great machine it's a step forward in terms of the way users graphics and the speed of. business machine a lot of people are going to be able to afford that's a very very useful machine there was
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a lot of collaboration on the market there was microsoft drugs really great. things for the for the muck you know excel came out first on the map the atmosphere was fine when he came i remember the first couple times remember that we were not competitors at all at that point they were our allies and helping making the macintosh happen so we got along very well with them they were similar to us in many ways. welcome to the macintosh software dating game. software ceo's could i please ask you to introduce yourself in a power to be of the dating game hosted by jobs the contestants of the software producers who contributed to the success of the my name is bill gates i'm chairman of microsoft and during one nine hundred eighty four microsoft expects to get half of its revenues are macintosh. behind the smiling facade
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steve jobs plays the king and treats bill gates like a vassal for making the numbers three describe your ideal relationship with apple. well will be so in our software independently so the key thing is that apple gets a lot of consistent standard machines out there quickly i spent the whole time two days in a y. e with bill being ignored. we were treated like some crappy little it was like the most oh it was horrible we went for a walk bill and i went for a walk all the way the diamond head and back on the beach talking about how screwed we were. going to do lotus going to kill us we are so it's true we had were processed into excel were just like we're just excel saturday extra because they were long as offered. bill gates is bitter but we tains his foresight the monks renowned graphics interface represents
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the future of personal computer without a qualm he makes his move you know i didn't trust bill gates you know while we were working on the macintosh i was one of the first people apple to catch on to the fact that microsoft was cloning the macintosh they were making their own version of the macintosh operating system. i was always on the phone with a fellow who was in charge of microsoft's application software he was asking me questions about how the macintosh system software work that he didn't need to know to do what he was doing so i kind of caught on to the idea hey there being the mac. i told steve he wasn't worried about it at all jobs is in reach twenty learns that microsoft is launching a new operating system windows there was a pretty strong disagreement with windows game you know then that was probably of all of the things that are applicable to them so i was the i was listening to that
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upset out of the most of the numbers of people there so there are lawyers. and the summer and certainly you know i'm sure upset steve to some some extent. he was very upset and his first reaction was get bill gates down here tomorrow and i thought well boy you can't just call your competitor down it might take a week or so. i think i was amazed or was there the very next day. i was very impressed by bill gates because there was an extremely angry steve jobs in there and there are maybe eight or ten other apple people but just bill for microsoft no entourage you know no one there with angry steve jobs pouring down them just yelling at him you trade us how can you how can you be trained and bill gates as cool as can be said back well steve that's one way of looking at
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it i have another way of looking at it he knew that the graphical user interface was the future of computing and so if he wanted to be to remain in you know dos was everything dos was huge but he knew that if he didn't do windows he'd be out of business. bill gates goes on the offensive job's already had a taste of this when renewing licensing for basic which equipped apple to still cupertino his bestselling computer it's the end of their collaboration no it's open warfare they had to go she ation and bill held out for a extremely high price that he didn't expect to get and steve sell trapped and so he paid bill what bill asked. he overpay for the contract extension. microsoft basic they made so much money from that apple
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contract that they devoted the excess money the money they never expected to get to creating an international business we always talk about companies plane cats it's a chess game well everybody else was playing chess bill was playing three dimensional chess he already had his move on another board already calculated from three moves on the previous board so if you look at the fact that microsoft more than half of microsoft's business is now outside of america that wouldn't happen without apple were. the. gates increasing success job's becomes even more of a megalomaniac the world's no revolves around him he creates his own personality cult the machine is hades and it literally recognizes him as it's.
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a great huge list in charlotte it would consider a bill that i introduced to a man who. speeds. oh i think if you talk to a lot of people on the mac team they will tell you. it was the hardest they've ever worked in our life. some of them will tell you was you know the happiest they've ever been in their life but thank all of them will tell you that is certainly one of the most intense and cherish experiences they will ever have. so. you know it's. some of those things you are not sustainable for some people. the ultranationalist monks connected with one of the world's worst humanitarian
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crises as we doe as any migrant joining with the military to impose a deadly political agenda we have to protect our nation this is not religion this is the politics what has happened to the engine that's one of the biggest stains along the country as a whole i misread this quote in the bible and. many an unholy alliance coming soon on all disease. in slave abuse i'm longing for you. the flight so for many of these good. after a lifetime of service a remarkable young woman breaks free. to lead the abolitionist movement of electrifying force was. driven by her favorite recollections of subjugation. my memory is my power a witness documentary on a jersey or. a nation where corruption is endemic embroiled in
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a battle to hold the power to account. how has this radical transformation occur. i mean nobody i mean if you want to be shedding light on the roumanians pressing for change and the unconventional methods to eliminate corruption remain people on al-jazeera. hello i'm daryn jordan in doha with the top stories here on al-jazeera kurdish forces in syria say they are slowing down their offensive against isis last held area to protect civilians u.s. backed syrian democratic forces launched their final push into the village of beit booms on friday. the russian on qatari foreign ministers of held
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a news conference and. regional security issues dominated discussions between sergey lavrov a chef from had been up to me. you do especially good first real re without friends there's a new to increase trade and economic ties we welcome the efforts on cooperation the next stage will take place in moscow of april so we highly value this relationship we value the cooperation between the russian government and the qatari investment agency from algeria as a two year old president has formally put forward his name for a fifth term in office of the disease which has been facing growing protests against his rule he's promising electoral reforms if he wins next month's vote. the u.s. consulate in the west jerusalem which provides consular services to palestinians has been absorbed by the new u.s. embassy for israel the controversial decision to turn them into a single diplomatic mission was announced in october by u.s. secretary of state might prompt
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a concert it's been in place for about one hundred seventy five years and that is the de facto u.s. embassy for palestinians many palestinians consider the move a downgrade in diplomatic relations al-jazeera has obtained exclusive pictures from the home of the saudi consul general in istanbul after the murder of a journalist. a documentary airing on the network details how turkish officials believe they have been used to dispose of his body. egyptian photojournalist bethany marshall has been released after more than five years in prison he posted this picture on his twitter account with the hashtag hello asphalt used by egypt's political prisoners when they're freed shotgun was arrested and twenty thirteen taking pictures of military protests at least twenty two people have been killed after a tornado hit the u.s. state of alabama rescue teams are searching the wreckage of homes and businesses destroyed in lee county it's feared the number of dead could run more than fifty thousand people without a tornado warnings are still in place in parts of alabama and the neighboring
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states georgia so those were the headlines of his continue on al-jazeera after face to face. a difficult and. those close to steve jobs described him as unapologetically pragmatic a dictator who ruled by instinct more than loyalty he believed. very small groups of people being pushed into greatness and that was in part because he felt that he could only. lead i have told people in the us and so why not lead the best sample so he was constantly trying to figure out who is the best ever you know i was fired by steve jobs three times i was fired because i was kept dropping out of the best.
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i'm john sculley president in one thousand nine hundred three steve jobs lures joan scully away from pepsi cola to become c.e.o. of apple with this legendary phrase you want to keep selling sugar water all your life or do you want to come with me and change the world they start off as the perfect do you do to mediocre mac sales combined with jobs increasingly to run economy to the honeymoon is soon over. it came down to eventually on the board a war between john sculley and steve jobs and in the end because steve jobs had actually burned out so many people and created so much animosity and fear about himself when the board came to a vote it was almost like the entire company voted that would they would rather not
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have steve jobs around anymore. tell us about your departure from that. it was very painful i'm not even sure i want to talk about it. but can i say i had the wrong guy that was stolen. and. he destroyed everything i spent ten years working for and a friend of mine who was working at apple that day the day that steve left and they were all called out of their offices and they all assembled down on the in the parking lot and sat on the curb and everything and they were. told our one of our you know our founder steve jobs is leaving the company and nobody care they're like good good we can get our work done with all of this craziness and madness and nobody cared. for steve jobs his eviction from apple in one nine hundred eighty
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five it feels like the tragic end of a love story he has been robbed of his child soon afterward using his own money he creates a new company next he is going to prove to everyone that he doesn't need outpolling and will continue to revolutionize the world of computers in his own mind he was the sole genius behind apple stores but we got it right now. thanks to mr and mrs needed friends you needed people to help. and microsoft never did anything for me but they didn't oppose next either you know bill didn't seem next as a factor. he didn't see he didn't seem next as good as being evil having the potential for success and so he didn't have to oppose it.
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first thing to look at in this product is user interface that's perhaps the most important thing about this product this is the user interface of windows two point zero of windows in the late eighty's after a basic and dos bill gates wanted his new operating system windows to become the standard system worldwide roland hansen is the man who made bill gates the software industry's number one media figure and it's also due to this marketing wizard that windows the graphics into fees which would conquer the world owes its name. we realized that the opinion really not or they weren't calling these buoys none of these right we're calling them goodies or the more they were calling them all windowing systems because they were creating windows on the screen. or is it a holy crap if these are all we're doing systems there's only one name we can
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be we have to be microsoft windows. well windows ninety five is so easy even a talk show host figured out. windows was an affront. to jobs windows was an insult to jobs. descent relative of mine windows in just ten years is installed in almost all computers on the market gaining planetary success with windows ninety five gates and the p.c. definitively dethrone the mac. if you make i've grown man cry. windows was
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a way to move everything that he wanted to do forward and it was the foundation for everything that followed. that was one of the windows ninety eight came out real revolution personal computer windows as you point out as are ninety percent of the computers around the world i mean today still is a phenomenal fact. and i don't see that changing anytime soon with the fantastic success of windows ninety five the geek from seattle becomes the muster of software and also the richest man in the world interviewed at the time by robert cringely steve jobs expresses his contempt in a few stinging words he describes what caused the break between him and his old wife the only problem of microsoft is they just have no taste they have absolutely no taste and. that means is that i don't mean that in a small way i mean in a big way. so i guess. i am saddened not by microsoft's success i have
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no problem with their success they've earned their success for the most part i have a problem with the fact that they just make really third rate products their products have no spirit to them the. the steve decided that. maybe he had gone too far so he called he called bill on the phone to apologize and he said he said bill. you know i saw the documentary you know i think i think maybe maybe i shouldn't have said that publicly about about having no tastes and and bill said well thank you steve you know our really want to thank you for doing that i think you went too far and then bill said and then steve said but it's true you know. you
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have no. i think i should have said it publicly but you know it's true and bill said steve i may have a taste but you said my whole company as though it's case. after the failure of next and by the success of his wife bill gates jobs gets back on his feet by investing in pixar a computer animation film company that would become a good mine and as usual he takes food credit for it. but when i first met ed catmull who ran the computer division of lucas film who i founded pixar with we did it together. ed showed me what they were working on and i was i was blown away in the graphics were you know years beyond anything i'd ever seen before and he told me of his dream to make the first computer animated feature film and i bought into that dream both sort of emotionally and financially and we
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found at pixar it's just wrong you know it's just wrong that's the part of the marketing story that he sold about himself which is a good story but it's just wrong he's not pixar these the money of pixar he seductively narcissistic or to feel. something is just not right there but. whenever he wants to sell some boy does he do it including himself in one thousand nine hundred ninety five toy story is the first fully computer run emitted film to become a blockbuster it paves the way for pics on his continued success propelling a triumphant steve jobs to center stage once again and here's where steve did something he was really good at he grabbed the moment. and he took the company public based on nothing we had basically no cash. we just had this movie and then your critics it was going to be good and he took this is where he can sell
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something right he took that idea and sold it to pixar public became a billionaire overnight ten years after job's departure apple still hasn't recovered the company is on the verge of bankruptcy one last card to play the return of the wonder boy apple appoints jobs i see and by since former failing company next when he came back to apple in nine hundred ninety six he was a much more mature much better you know he'd gone through a success of one company with a failure of another so he had left his youthful craziness behind it. i think is one of the greatest turnarounds in the history of of any industry in any country anywhere to have a man come back to a company that was really going down very rapidly. and very bad shape and then pull off that success that he did something half of it backs that did changed
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and what i believe it was was that for the first time it was his money next it was his money he was losing. at apple it was arthur rock's money you know it was the it was the public's money it was wall street's money it wasn't real money. to his return to apple steve jobs back into mind develops a new plan of action an occasion to make an amazing the known to his adoring public . and i'd like to announce one of our first partnerships today a very very meaningful one and that is one with microsoft. the discussions actually began because there was some. patent disputes and rather than now i know. rather
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than now repeating history i'm extremely proud of both companies that they have resolved these differences in a very very professional way and i happen to have a special guest with me today via satellite downlink and if we could get him up on the stage right now. that i've done in my career below was genuinely happy when steve came by i think he recognized and felt. that losing apples as a successful company wouldn't be good for the industry and so and i think that was. that was when the relationship became closer and the relationship stayed close bill didn't do a favor for the city what bill did was microsoft had
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a successful business selling macintosh applications they were making a profit selling macintosh applications if apple went out of business the back software business at microsoft would go out of business too. so he had a franchise to protect now the fact that steve jobs was sort of cross the line you know they did better bill gates has another motive for coming to steve jobs eight the antitrust lawsuit pending against microsoft over its ten year windows monopoly . i'm here to share my story and answer questions about microsoft and the p.c. industry. i hope that my testimony helps the court to resolve the issues in this case that would be bill. especially after the trust battle. really the day to day part of the company was really.
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getting to be very hard on him and that microsoft was so big and so successful that it was a time that he could move on and go on to something else. as gates steps a selling job as clients to new heights he adopts a new concept the ad campaign think different i return to his original idea of simplicity. the pain i most respect about apple is they have found a way to make complex things something. that was the thing different campaign thing different really got you the fare but then when you went in really explored. it was there for. a brilliant marketing idea for the i mock the new home computer that
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gives its users the feeling of being special set apart from the standardised world of the p.c. . then he said ok i could build macintosh this forever but that would be boring so we're going to create the digital hub strategy and we're going to create the i pod in the i phone and the touch pad and everything and they're going to connect through computers but the computers only but. if we're going to carry their computers around and that's the strategy for ninety seven ninety eight ninety nine when they came up with that so then he could do what he did best which was designed brand new products so that steve jobs is that it's like i am an alchemist i am a magician. i am going to make this rabbit disappear i'm not just going to make a rabbit i made disappear i want to make the buttons move around they like things that are matched. with the world steve jobs makes
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a new and unique contribution to our way of life a new digital wound with a single brand name that means innovation design and user friendly ness don't always true of microsoft products. the big change would is the i pod. steve song or use an impi three player there are a lot of them around for two years for the oddball but they were reserved for techies and so apple created a better music player that was better because of the ease of use and then they had to fly the way to feed it. and in doing so of course. they are. took the record companies the cleaners you know they they they say they stole the music
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business from the record companies because the record company saw it now this is kind of interesting but it's not going to mean anything it's nothing you know this is no big deal apple told the record companies. that their goal in the first year was to sell a million music downloads. they sold a music a million music downloads in the first week. they sold one hundred million in the first year. they sold a billion in the first two years and the music business has changed forever and the record companies say what is that what where did that come from. an i pod. a phone. and an internet communicator. an i pod.
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the iphone define steve jobs as a modern visionary able to satisfy every consumer need and desire. confronted with counsel perhaps he realizes his days a number no time to lose to make his mark in history apple is going to reinvent the phone he was our running a company that had gone off and done some really amazing things and was no longer in this sort of i'm in the shadow of a bill gates about the shadow of microsoft apple's become this enormously successful company apple's those more business when i really have all those more business and i phones and microsoft those in total business and then the most valuable company in the in the world now steve jobs didn't change the world steve jobs capitalized on a lot of things bill changed the world bill made software what it is today if bill had created the standards you know him a stoss windows and was very dogmatic at making sure those standards took hold we
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wouldn't have the technology we have today and i'm talking globally i'm not talking of the united states globally he impacted the world in terms of what he did with software. he decided to do the same frame and form for perry. this is my last you know. and it's the middle of this year in july that i moved from being a full time employee microsoft to working full time at the foundation be the first time since i was seventeen that i'd have my full time microsoft job far from the realm of high tech rivalry bill gates known chooses to help alleviate suffering in the world the foundation he heads with his wife melinda makes this billionaire the most generous philanthropist in history he keeps
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a vigilant eye on microsoft but today the dreams he no choose on linked to humanitarian causes is going to go down in history as the world's great swines was no doubt about no one come closer and so i think for anybody else whether of steve jobs or whoever your view of bill changed a little bit when you saw what a good job he was doing i mean it wasn't like some guys screwing around with rock stars and occasionally showing up at a charity workers or is it really focused you know like achievable goals you know why about malaria no big deal you know things are just amazing right. what individual in the history of money has devoted twenty billion dollars to anything. no one would give bill gates so he's you know plays to win a place to win. steve never got their state never give a penny pincher i once had a conversation with steve much later after bill gates retired from microsoft and he was doing what i thought was great stuff that trying to eradicate diseases in third
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world and stuff and i said well you know even though bill gates on a wrecked the technology industry for a decade or two you got to be proud of what he's doing now and steve looked at me and said what do you mean distributing is ill gotten gains you know us and he wasn't ready to give him all that much credit for that. steve jobs never missed a chance to insult his old enemies like these awful commercials that made p.c. users and critics say something positive for the p.c. ok easy p.c. you are a wizard with numbers and you dress like a gentleman you see well. i guess you are a little better of creative stuff thank you even though the juvenile which. maybe twice. in two thousand and seven the two giants come face to face for the last media event pasta confrontation has at last given way to
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peaceful rival. first i called jobs because i thought he'd be the hardest to get and he said bill does it i will do it but we have to keep it i want to keep it on a high level i don't want to just be a fight was the greatest misunderstand between you and your relationship and about eat each other what would you say would be we've kept our marriage secret for over a decade now and i do our competitors in certain ways we watch the american way right the commercials and you get annoyed at each other from there i know i have to confess i like p.c. guy but yeah he's great i know you know that i want our to those you know the art of those commercials is not to be me but it's actually for the guys to like each other. on their. p.c. guys p.c.
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guys great i like a lot of the one. on his mother loves this mother not just i have the bills still viewed. as kind of a freak and he's fascinated by you know that people say why did you let. steve treat you that way and bill than even though he was being treated a certain way he was just watching this and saying who is this guy you know i do how does this work i have is there an algorithm here i don't because i don't get it at. with steve jobs health deteriorating bill gates paid a last visit to his longtime rival and friend it would be a bittersweet and the last chapter in a legendary june. after a lifetime of innovation steve jobs died on october the fifth two thousand and eleven. bill gates and steve jobs high tech giants who
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revolutionized the way we live work and play. as earaches pros prominent figures of the twentieth century and how life already has influenced the course of history that was the human revolution coming is a way feel castro is a fee to lease the not a communist that just really wanted his country che wanted international revolution became a point when the relationship came to an end the icons of revolution who changed the course of latin american politics. and fidel castro face to face on al-jazeera .
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the way. hello there we've had lots of thunderstorms over parts of south america recently and they all seem to be converging on rio de janeiro's been pretty wet here over the past couple of days and will rain is still forming we've also got plenty of town and wet weather over parts of argentina that's pushing its way northward making things a bit cooler for when it's always at the moment but by the time we get to choose day that should have cleared away and the sunshine she to return to should we should get to around twenty seven degrees now for the north and for the central america as there's plenty of fine weather to be found that a bit of cloud just drifting its way eastwards that could bring one or two showers but in between there showers there should be a good deal of sunshine as well so most of us really having plenty of fine weather as we head to through monday for choose day they'll be a little bit more cloud is just drifting its way southwards and for some of us in mexico it's not it's turned it is
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a bit wet for the north and over north america the weather has really been very violent particularly in alabama where we've had a number of tornadoes this is what one of those tornadoes did but it gives you an idea of the strength of those winds and that system is working its way eastwards i'm behind it it is a little quieter but it's also an awful lot colder so a maximum temperature only of minus thirteen in minneapolis quite a breeze as well ensuring it feels far colder. the weather sponsored by qatar and. with a new leader in brazil comes changes to how it deals with parents and the u.s. brazil's vice president is playing an active role of president asked you not to talk to the press but you're still talking the president just told me to be careful the vice president of brazil talks to al-jazeera. driven by outrage and spanning generations the rohinton demonstrators gathered on the very day
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a widely criticized repatriation agreement between the governments of bangladesh and me and more was to begin the anger was all too apparent and the fear was palpable if you don't like we're so afraid that if they send one of us back to myanmar today tomorrow they'll send back ten and the day after tomorrow they'll send back twenty thirty or if we were given citizenship in myanmar then there would be no need to take us back there we would go back on our own we must remember the rancho among the most persecuted minorities in the world. this is al jazeera. and i'm daryn jordan this is the al-jazeera news hour live from doha coming up in the next sixty minutes the battle to retake lost her true slows to limit civilian
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casualties. protests continue in algeria despite the president's promise of political reforms. talking peace and cooperation the leaders of ethiopia and eritrea are in south sudan will have a live update. and sport event has all but confirmed they will be the season's italian league champions city one win over now fully. taking you think sixteen points clear at the top. welcome to the program code us forces in syria say they're slowing down their offensive against isis last held area to protect civilians u.s. backed syrian democratic forces launched their final push into the village of beit booze on friday well for more on this joins us live now from the lebanese capital beirut does bring us up to date on what's happening in and around.
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well there in what we understand is that there is a. fighting or what amounts really undeclared. a few hours ago the kurdish democratic forces announced that they would be slowing down their offensive the reason. i saw this continuing to use civilians as human shields they did not say how many people are civilians believes remain in this tiny enclave but associated with the are now reporting a surrender they're reporting that dozens of fighters are surrendering we haven't been able to independently confirm that but what we understand is that. opening this poor door at the end of the day like you mentioned the. final assault on friday and that followed the evacuation of thousands and thousands of civilians
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it's still not clear if we are at the end but the. will come to an end very soon. it hasn't been an easy fight i still is making its last stand in its last pocket of territory in syria the syrian democratic forces launched a final assault on who's on friday but the offensive has slowed down the kurdish dominated force blames the armed group of continuing to use civilians as human shields. we are taking into consideration the possible presence of civilians who are with the terrorists and are being used as human shields or even families of i saw fighters who decided to stay with the terrorists our forces are on the battlefield and they noticed the presence of civilians that is why they are taking necessary measures. it's not clear how many people remain inside the tiny enclave but last week thousands who were transported out of book whose main. women and
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children families of i saw fighters the exodus worsened what was already a humanitarian emergency the new arrivals weak hungry and tired were brought to an overcrowded camp the population of hall in north east syria is now over fifty five thousand aid agencies are overwhelmed. there are still so many new arrivals coming in and you know the agencies and the best they can but we weren't prepared for a number of that are so we're struggling with having it. we have found each other and separated from their parents during the journey so or have been able to reunify several of their needs are met and eighty one deaths have been registered many from hypothermia almost two thirds of them infants some died on the way to the camp others shortly after reaching it four years ago i still controlled eighty
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eight thousand square kilometers of territory from syria to iraq and ruled over eight million people but it was in two thousand and seventeen when the armed group began to lose major cities in both countries in separate defenses by different players the latest battle against eisel was launched by the u.s. backed in september and the target was that stronghold in the euphrates valley many i still fighters have surrendered many of them foreigners an unknown number are still inside but who's the u.s. led coalition says many are hiding in tunnels losing booze would be a symbolic blow to the armed groups but it will continue to be a security threat many fighters have slipped into iraq and others are in the desert in eastern syria. so i still really defending an ever shrinking territory just last week it controlled the square kilometer. in the lebanese capital beirut thank you. syria was high on the agenda at talks between the russian
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and qatari foreign ministers. in doha before travelling on to saudi arabia kuwait and the u.a.e. the foreign minister urged political solutions for conflicts across the region. well so be human. in concern to the international agenda we paid attention of course to the situation in the near east north africa first of all in syria libya and somalia we and our partners assume there is a vital need to stabilize these countries as soon as possible relying on international law and a comprehensive political solution where there is no part for extremists no matter what slogans they might use. continuing to protest after president abilities but a freak for money submitted his name for a fifth term in office but if he cut tempted to appease them by promising electoral reforms if he wins next month's vote its two year old has been facing growing protests against his room crowds of mainly young demonstrators faced off with. is
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like sunday and monday as the latest. demonstrators march late into the night in protest against such areas longtime rina abdelaziz bouteflika al jazeera contant apparently fairy fi this picture is posted on social media showing hundred. students told the president it's time to go the protest has one of the constitutional court to stop with a fake a standing for a fifth term in next month's election in response to the protest beautifully because campaign manager it signaled the president will not rule for long if he wins a post election were in. doubt i pledge to organize early elections to be set up by the independent national conference i pledged not to be a candidate and that selection. before that announcement police fired water cannon
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in the capitol as crowd swelled the protests have been echoed in places like france thousands demonstrated in paris on sunday as well as in other cities we are all mobilizing through for example today being many big. again there are fifty mandates but also to get the first down they have taken our country away from a president part of his eighty two has used a wheelchair since suffering a stricken twenty thirteen and is rarely seen in public to recently travel to switzerland for medical checks on saturday he sacked his veteran campaign manager possibly a tactic to calm the growing protests movement the day before tens of thousands of people took to the streets in the capital and in towns across such area the protests represent the biggest challenge to put to flick israel since the twenty four thousand election which was denounced by the opposition but analysts say this is different to the protests during the arab spring i don't think there is the anger and hostility against the president which you saw in egypt that he did help
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to heal the wounds of the civil war he has he has brought some measure of prosperity but he can't buy off the votes is because the economy is is crumbling. in algeria half the population is under thirty and calls for protests on social media have resonated particularly with young algerians to struggle to find employment and now that anger is sustaining the protests barbara and get out to syria was more sort of coming on the news hour including a trail of death and devastation after a tornado hama's the american state of alabama. we were in one of italy's richest regions where team aggression policies thrive but without migrants unsportsmanlike to forget for the reigning major league soccer champions are the story of the day.
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now the leaders of eritrea and ethiopia are in south sudan on an official visit if you have been prime minister eritrean president work arrived in juba where high level talks will focus on bridge. peace and economic ties south sudan's president salva kiir who was on a tour cut short his trip to meet with the visiting leaders both ethiopia and eritrea have promised to play a key role in helping south sudan's return to peace with the morgan joins us live now from khartoum he was so what's behind the visit and what do we know will be discussed. well there and we've spoken to sorry i've spoken to the minister of foreign affairs of south sudan and this is the part of the topic that will be discussed will be biometric relations between south sudan if european and eritrea but this faux person of the foreign affairs office said that they will be talking about the peace deal that was mediated or brokered by sudan here and for two men was signed in ethiopia and the auspices of the intergovernmental authority or for
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development which is a regional bloc for east african nations now this peace agreement was signed in september last year and the pre transitional period that was stated in the agreement will be ending will be ending in may to start a transitional period of thirty months so one of the things that will be discussed as per the foreign affairs of south sudan will be the peace agreement it's implemented ation and delays so for the sides like the un and the have said that they are hindrances and there are delays and implementations there are some sides that are continuing to fight the government and the opposition forces and south sudan so there will be talking about bilateral relations but they would also be discussing the peace deal and it's going mentation you are going to say with the peace deal that was signed in september how is it holding. well as i said a lot of sides are saying that the peace deal is not being implemented as it should be they're saying that there's a lot of delays specifically with the security arrangements and church leaders in south sudan came out last week and said that they're there basically is that the
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peace deal is a very flawed that people need to step back and see what's happening that there's a lot of fighting the u.n. said that in the northeastern part of in the western part of the country sorry that there is fighting that civilians continue to be displaced more than ten thousand have been displaced over the past two months because of fighting between opposition forces that have not signed the peace deal and between government forces so they are concerned that this is deal is being slowly implemented and that there will be delays and a transitional government being formed and there are also concerns that when may comes when the vice president of the opposition direct my char should be coming back there are concerns that he will not be able to come back because of the security arrangements not being implemented so while the peace deal is still being recognized by some sides in south sudan there are concerns that it's being very slow implemented and probably one of the things that will be discussed today is how to speed up implementation. in khartoum heber thank you. charges announced the closure of its northern border with libya a month after libyan fighters from the south and the.

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