tv 28 Up South Africa 2013 Ep 1 Al Jazeera April 21, 2019 9:00am-10:01am +03
the final demand it when you're an international diplomat as well as the weeks now you're going. to need i don't want the military to deprive me of a victorious revolution you are going under there are a lot of you know how algeria is former prime minister and current fire men and finance minister have been ordered to appear in court in connection with an investigation into the wasting of public money hundreds of thousands of algerians continue to hold rallies calling for wider political change after long time leader abdul aziz but a flicker stepped down on friday a protester died from head injuries that his family says were caused by a police beating. egyptians have begun voting in a three day referendum there could open the door to president. staying in office until twenty thirty voters are also deciding on whether to allow the president to appoint top judges and to expand the role of the military fifty five million people are eligible to take part voting will continue on sunday and monday but rights
groups expressed concerns the referendum would not be free or fair. the proposed changes to the constitution are widely described as a step towards more autocracy under sisi has more. president i'll deliver to has c.c. was sworn in last year after winning his second term in office the vote was marred by claims of irregularities a crackdown on activists and potential challengers a few months earlier sisi had said he would not seek a third term but the egyptian leader seems to have changed his mind beginning on saturday voters will take part in a referendum that could extend cc's term in office by two years and allow him to stand for another six year mandate effectively keeping him in office until twenty
thirty the movie's a departure from the two thousand and eleven constitutional declaration that limits presidents to two four year terms egypt has completely eliminated opposition it's an environment of repression and fear people are terrified to to to vote to express dissent just in this in the lead up to this vote more than one hundred twenty people have been arrested for campaigning for the for the no vote sisi rossa prominence after the two thousand and eleven are prizing in two thousand and twelve he was appointed minister of defense by egypt's first democratically elected president mohamed morsi a year later sisi deposed morsi in a military coup and eventually became president while consolidate in his grip on power his government has a rusted thousands of activists and opponents many facing death penalties the trials were widely condemned by human rights groups as
a travesty. over the last few years a predominantly loyal parliament has introduced a series of reforms expanding the militarist influence the referendum is also asking people to vote for a provision that declares the military the guardian and protector of the state the opposition is calling for boycott our dream and hope to have a president elected once every two turns i've come to an end but since his will is not without challenges he faces armed groups in the sinai peninsula who have launched attacks against security forces and international calls for political reforms but the general turned politician seems defiant he's launching mega projects across the country and hoping to be able to fix an economy in tatters and win the trust of the people. all right still ahead on al-jazeera.
more clashes on the streets of paris as yellow vest anger is fueled by the donations to rebuild not saddam. and rebuilding iran after a month of heavy rain victims of the floods so they're left with no food or shelter . still reading in southern china and there's more rain to come the satellite picture gives the game away it's sporadic but big shower areas a shower last one that went through hong kong left one hundred twenty seven members and thirty hours just inland and then you might think after that there's nothing much to come but there is we're feeding moisture from the south korea from the
north where the two come to get the tend to get this line of developing right surf in taiwan for. ground on further west that's where it's going to be occasionally big and potentially flooding downpours but more sensible right up through will hand the yangtze towards shanghai which might find its wettest all monday not sun the usual dry day in hong kong on monday but it's still going to he would i think unfairly cloudy but if you come off the landmass there isn't very much going on there are daily showers building as the temperatures rise up in the forty's now and me in mass so that's reflected in showers in cambodia and vietnam but the biggest regular daily ones are still further south come on time for example not to two millimeters in twenty one hours us a series of rolling thunder storms and that white clouds represented in the forecast for the same areas so the ways the west woods toward sumatra and singapore with daily big showers. whether sponsored by cattle or.
this was wrong to teach children away from their parents and herd them into a school against their will there was no mother no father figures they put us in the big player and we sort of looked after so i don't remember the children's names. kind of dark secret on al-jazeera. hello again you're watching i just need a reminder of our top stories this hour the un bank government has closed to police only functioning airport while fighting has been reported near by forces loyal to
war after threatening to push further into the capital they began an offensive to take tripoli three weeks ago. several members of sudan's former ruling party have been arrested including the acting head of the national congress party according to the reuters news agency protesters continue to camp outside army headquarters demanding an immediate transition to a civilian government. egyptians have begun voting in a three day referendum that could open the door to president and the fact that his sisi staying office until twenty thirty rights groups are already expressing concerns the referendum won't be free or fair. police in northern ireland have arrested two teenagers in connection with the killing of a journalist and police are warning of what they call a new breed of terrorists threatening the area politicians are calling for calm as they shooting added to concerns over the stability of the region's twenty one year
old peace deal but as smith has more from london. the murder of larry mckay has been a shocking reminder here of what life was like during thirty years of violence between irish republican and pro british communities while the signing of the good friday agreement twenty one years ago brought peace there is still a lot of frustration in what remains the poorest part of northern ireland whereas in music that doesn't going to get us anywhere kill them well as some people think it is anyway. it's just to play senseless there's no reason can justify even if you don't agree with the agreement nason justifies technically or mickey's i say oh it wasn't. riots began almost pro irish estate in london derry on thursday as police raided homes looking they say the patch will bombs and other weapons the might be used in a march planned for easter monday lire was hit by someone who fired
a gun apparently randomly towards a crowd of onlookers the twenty nine year old journalist had been named as one of the thirty under thirty in media by forbes magazine and had signed a two book deal to write about the conflict in northern ireland it has shocked people who thought they were on shock about a local politician a man mccown lives in an area with the highest unemployment in the u.k. almost half of working age adults in derry don't have a job you know people who are living in poor circumstances and they're not getting any better they can't see any future in which there's a decent job for they are angry at the situation and which they know growing up in this it's understandable and the inevitable that some of them are going to see an outlet for their anger and frustrations and taking up the cause was to find the syria historically and worst of they've see it has been abandoned by their elders police officers here say they've noticed a palpable change in the community as people offer cooperation following the murder
the police also say they're dealing with what they're calling a new breed of terrorist two years ago in northern ireland power sharing of ministration between pro british and pro irish parties broke down and that's left a power vacuum which groups opposed to peace could be trying to take advantage of. bernard smith al-jazeera dairy. more than one hundred twenty people have been a rested at the latest a yellow vest protest in paris some protesters voiced anger over the nearly one billion dollars donated by france's wealthiest families to repair the not. so long ago. a saturday of fire and fury for the twenty third week in a row yellow vest protesters came out in paris as well as other cities across the country. this was one of the most intense day of confrontations between the crowds
and riot police in weeks it was driven by outrage over the nearly one billion dollars donated by some of france's wealthiest families and corporations to repair the not. days after a blaze nearly destroyed the famous building but the message here france has bigger problems to solve. it's about decency these their nations could help french people but it's so shortsighted. all this money is going to save prevalence and it's not right something's not right i see just. it's shocking given the current situation whoever is giving to not may be a good thing to do but perhaps it's not a moment to do this kind of thing be inclusion of on a case group such as black bloc have led authorities to place paris and other major cities on a state of high alert throughout the day protesters lit fires on blocked off streets destroying vehicles parked in the vicinity others attempted to break into
buildings. police responded by firing tear gas at the crowds and using water cannon to disperse them. if the government had hoped that protest as would take a break over this holiday weekend it was not the case. the movement that began last november originally of a fuel price hikes and. the high cost of living has not gone away the said spread into a broader movement against president and bagwell back home his attempt to reform the economy. is expected to announce a series of measures in the coming week that includes tax cuts for poor households the protest is anger at the wealthy has flourished in recent days partly stoked by the not to the fire but also as michael himself who is seen by them as a president of the rich in a deeply divided society sunny diagonal there are. more than ten million people
have been hit by flooding in iran thousands are homeless after the deluge but there are fears of more heavy rain zain bus robbi reports from pole dot dot in a lot of. everyone we meet invites us inside their homes they want people to understand what they're going through when the first floods came a month ago as easy says there was no government warning no alert system just talk of the possibility of floods when it happened they read and they may have to run again. though the. water came up two or two and a half meters were worried because there is no dam here after more rain water will come up when there is any rain we just run away shopping almost all night i pray to god not to have to happen again but there's nothing left for us to lose now just our lives. upstream rivers are picking up pace. these waters are headed for
iran's western city of pul dr. there's been more rain in this part of the country in the last few days and that is meant that water is once more rushing down the river it's an unwelcome thing for communities that had barely begun to recover. as people watch the skies on the ground there seems to be no end in sight to the work that needs to be done. many people in this neighborhood say the same thing supply trucks only stop at main roads never making it as far as the back alleys where they live. everyone else they say is getting more help than them. but back in detroit hey everyone gives things to their own people i'm saying this because it's not fat. that people cannot complain if they. taken away there is frustration here for those who've lost all their possessions. up the road we meet military units doing the work of getting people back on their
feet. members of the islamic revolutionary guard corps hand in hand with regular. they hand out ration cards clear debris even wash windows. no one was authorized to speak on camera but one soldier says it can be thankless work the need is great and no matter how much they help he says it doesn't seem to be enough . where modern structures were torn down the river spared monuments of the past. for many people the flood has been the worst experience of their lives and as they prepare for the possibility of more rain in this ancient place there are signs that life moves on. in lauriston province iran. thirteen people have been shot dead in a family party in the mexican city of minot to hear a crew state seven men five women and
a child died in the attack the motive is not known but it's one of the worst attacks this year in mexico where murder rates are at record levels. well this is the week in nicaragua falls on the first anniversary of mass protests in the country at first people rallied for social security reform but it then became a movement against the government of president daniel ortega john heilemann reports . it's in the specially somber easter weekend. those here are remembering not just the events of two millennia past but those more recent far more local. in this town a bastion of the opposition during the first months of nicaragua's crisis street barricades went up and running battles with security forces were regular site some are still struggling to come to terms with the human cost of it all. but it's really hard to speak about this for me is about what the people of nicaragua have
gone through even the love of life is leaking away because of so much pain so much barbarity. easter week this year whose exactly on the first anniversary of protests against naked i was long term president daniel ortega he labeled those against him as violent who inciting terrorists pointing to the death of policeman and his response was brutal concepcion portal's may says her brother darwin was killed by a sniper's bullet that she says was just the start of her family's troubles me in the ten months since he's been called we've had death threats been followed harassed and i don't see any change from the government. there's been an ongoing crackdown against human rights groups journalists activists and even demonstrations since the crisis began the government's effectively banned street protests in the
kid i was so religious procession this right this was a one of the only ways that people can come out and express what they feel about the situation. here that meant a coup for pigs come home we plead with mr than mrs reciter modi's you and her brother souldiers to stop the repression stop the crucifixion and killing over one people you have mothers and children too you have wives and families that you love it's never too late time to free yourself from. looking to the future though it was time to remember the day. they're with us responded those gathered here john home and how does it.
it's going to round up now the top stories to you and back of men to libya has closed tripoli's only functioning airport while fighting has been reported near by forces loyal to walter. are threatening to push further into the capital it began an offensive to take tripoli three weeks ago that there were head has more from tripoli. an authority is in a mighty good airport say that they have to employ the first tended to be asian at the airport just for security personnel if it is and precautions reasons that a decision has been made. a war plane or some some sources say work plane was really making its a jew on the side long flying over may to be able they tried to turn red with anti. fire but they did not target it. in sudan several top members of the former ruling party have been arrested they've cleared the acting
head of the national congress party that's according to a senior party official who spoke to reuters protesters continue to camp outside army headquarters demanding an immediate transition to a civilian government public prosecutors opened an investigation into ousted president are on bashir on money laundering charges. egyptians have begun voting in a three day referendum that could open the door to president and the fact that his sisi staying in office until twenty thirty voters are deciding on whether to allow the president to appoint top judges and to expand the role of the military fifty five million people are eligible to take part of rights groups are concerned the referendum will not be free or fair police in paris of fired tear gas in yellow vests protesters who've been demonstrating for weeks over the economy one hundred twenty six people have been arrested with more than eleven thousand police on subduing spot checks those are the headlines inside story is next.
he promised to stick to his term limits as president the referendum is underway that could lead to egyptian leader abdel tell since the stay in office being extended and he could also be granted press a bit how worthless so is egypt headed towards a complete authoritarian rule and one of the consequences both at home and in the region this is inside story.
hello and welcome to the program i'm richelle carey millions of egyptians are headed to the polls to vote on a constitutional referendum that could keep president of. power until twenty thirty the move has received overwhelming backing from parliament supporters say he has stabilized egypt and needs more time to finalize economic reform if passed the president would be able to appoint top judges expand the role of the military and create a post of vice president but rights groups are concerns he's consolidation of power will lead to a crackdown on dissent there is a lot to unpack here will began with a report from al-jazeera to see just what's at stake. president i'll defer to his sisi was sworn in last year after winning his second term in office the vote was mobbed by claims of irregularities in a crackdown on activists and potential challenges a few months earlier sisi hot said he would not seek
a. but. the egyptian leader seems to have changed his mind beginning on saturday voters will take part in a referendum that could extend cc's term in office by two years and allow him to stand for another six year mandate effectively keeping him in office until twenty thirty the movie's a departure from the two thousand and eleven constitutional declaration that limits presidents to two four year terms egypt has completely eliminated opposition it's an environment of repression and fear people are terrified to to to vote to express dissent just in this in the lead up to this vote more than one hundred twenty people have been arrested for campaigning for the for the no vote sisi rose to prominence after the two thousand and eleven uprising in two thousand and twelve he was appointed minister of defense by egypt's first democratically elected president
mohamed morsi a year later sisi deposed morsi in a military coup and eventually became president while consider dating his grip on power his government has a rusted thousands of activists and opponents many facing death penalties the trials were widely condemned by human rights groups as a travesty. over the last few years a predominantly loyal parliament has introduced a series of reforms expanding the militarist influence the referendum is also asking people to vote for a provision that declares the military the guardian and protector of the state the opposition is calling for boycott our dream and hope to have a president elected once every two turns i've gone to and what sees his will is not without challenges he faces armed groups in the sinai peninsula who have launched
attacks against security forces and international calls for political reforms but the general turned politician seems defiant he's launching mega projects across the country and hoping to be able to fix an economy in tatters and win the trust of the people passing by but i'll to zero. let's bring in the panel joining us from cairo on skype this time they called us non resident fellow at the true answer to for middle east policy from one to head of the egyptian revolutionary council and again on skype from tunis the same balmy egypt researcher for amnesty international welcome to all of you thanks for joining us we appreciate it let's talk i'm going to talk start with you timothy what do you expect voter turnout to be in this referendum. i don't think that the numbers will
be very substantial there were some lined sets as a polling stations before the open this morning. and there are some rumors and reports circulating now that people are being given food to go to go and cast a ballot but overall i think that most egyptians take this as a done deal and and so there isn't really much concern about participating in the outcome of some us issue groups have been encouraging voting no. and people have been and respond to that but it's still not on the scale that would i think filter non-traumatic lee body agree with that assessment and that maybe voters do they feel like they even actually have a say. not a tour life think if experience shows. that. the vote means nothing under general sisi since twenty thirteen we had presidential elections a so-called presidential elections in march twenty eighth he and four years prior
to that and each time the voter turnout was extremely low and there is no transparency or is no way of knowing whether the votes have been rigged or people's voices have been taken into account votes are rigged for all we know last time he says he won by one so-called ninety seven percent this is the stuff of dictatorships and people know full well the sound of the rule of this general the voice and the vote means nothing so i believe the voter turnout will be extremely low and if we're told it's not it's because again the media is playing to the true nerve the the military regime and hussein a similar question to you before we get into the nuts and bolts of what this referendum actually would do what are the concerns of amnesty international about
the vote itself in egypt. so we are concerned with the process because it is happening during these awards to crackdown on freedom expression in egypt so in recent history we are talking about a time where people are being arrested for voicing zero opinions on extremely non political matters you are talking about time where women are being arrested just for the frustration was rampant sexual harassment in egypt we're talking about time more young people being arrested for supporting a football club we're talking about a time where there is absolutely no acceptable form of expression that is not sanctioned by its they'd also talking about time where protests are that was was extremely heavy handed we're talking about time where people know can be sentenced to life years or in some cases twenty five fuser even to this for participating in . protests so our concern is that this is happening supports happening in a time where there is unprecedented crackdown and restrictions of kleenex prison
training for simply and and we've also seen reports are saying that there are literally thousands of day mains on the enter net that have been blocked as well is there any type of outlet for dissent at all. i mean this is there isn't an easy outlet for voicing dissent the streets are closed all forms of written and t.v. and media are available to most egyptians are completely controlled by the state one way or another the state has been cracking down on online spaces step by step i mean of course the opposition have been developing different tools to communicate menzi will continue to do for the tools to circumvent censorship but the state is also applying huge amounts of resources that could go to solving menu for egypt's economic coast social problems into controlling and restricting online media what
that means for online media news. timothy so along the way like the steps that this referendum had to take to get to the public there were twenty two members of parliament who voted against it that's it do you have a feel for if there are more members of parliament that really are opposed to it but don't feel that they could vote that way. i mean undoubtedly there probably are amongst the five hundred thirty one that voted for it some that personally would prefer that it not go forward but keep in mind that most of the people who are in parliament have been brought in as state loyalists have been brought in which has been pictures networks of the regime it's not it's not a serious political institution with a lot of pull with a lot of politically aware membership or seriously politically gauge membership there are a handful of active parliamentarian's and we saw some of that in the in the articulation of opposition to this amendment but for the most part this is not
really an institution that is actually that political this by disrupting spend its formal constitutional role so even people that supported sisi a first do you think that. this is that the turn that they anticipated. i mean i think that if we're going back to people's court it's easy in trying to it seems there's been years increasing levels of disillusionment with him . there are people who believe that he would run for president of course and he said that he wouldn't but he did there are people that believe that he would amend the constitution to extend his time in office and he is about to. there's a continual kind of sense of disappointment amongst certain sections of his supporters some are still diehard of course. but also what's probably done the most to damage his popularity is not even the political issues but actually the economic situation the purchasing power of egyptians as collapse as the pound value was has
collapsed since particularly since twenty sixteen the removal of a lot of subsidies has increased the cost of living to magically as well so people are under enormous economic pressure and they're not see. any sort of relief up until this point and so i think that's really actually done more than the political crackdown to damage his reputation and support ok so let's pick up on that economic point my hoss so it may be damaging his popularity to a certain extent but might that also be a recipe for a leader who wants to take more power to try to say i can fix this give me more time is that something that that would resonate with with a population that says yes we actually want our our leader to have even more power . the story that's being sold to egyptian is the narrative that's being set out by the media propaganda machine of the regime is yes he needs more time he
can provide security and stability and the story that's being sold to the west that he is the best. of egypt's security and the fight against terrorism but in reality since twenty thirteen egyptians have seen enough of the regime to realize he's been there in power for long enough for them to realize that the economic situation is deteriorating for the vast majority of egyptians the cotton subsidies this is biting very hard on employment is high and so is inflation the egyptian pound is worthless but above all i believe we have military economic empire we have deep seated corruption so whatever the numbers may look like over the like over the next couple of years. and the
the economic picture that he will try that sisi will try to project is not the reality in terms of the vast majority of egyptians they are poor they feel even poorer under his regime and they know that corruption is rife and the military runs over sixty percent of the economy and that corruption is at the heart of it they survived this regime survives through corruption as did the mubarak regime but now it is even more brutal than any military regime before it and egyptians are feeling the crunch economically but they also need know that they are living in a republic of fear so the combination is lethal and very very difficult for the egyptian citizens timothy s. our reaction on your face did you want to say some some something to a man who was saying. it to a large extent i agree with much of what you said but just the claim that the
military on sixty percent of the economy of egypt is really an untenable there's no evidence or something about scales. and just due to the expansion diversification of the egyptian economy over the last twenty thirty years it's more or less impossible for them to have that kind of control over it. that's there's just really no math to that would add up for that. and so that that's all which is who's to say let me let me ask you something you talked about a lot of things that have been happening and idjit for a while when it comes to rights and rights changing. when did that first start to really concern and misty and do you think that any any world power perhaps obviously the u.s. maybe could have put some sort of pressure on egypt to to shed a light on these types of things could that or would that have made a difference. well we're being concerned was duration of human rights in egypt sense they cade's really i mean some of the issues that we are talking about are
systematic and have been inherent in for example unfair trials in egypt has been a disease for decades now torture has been via for decades but what's happening more recently is. because of international silence over much of what the it's been happening seeing the multiplication of what has been. practices for example who are talking about. one hundred thousand cases. during mubarak's times in work to come up much larger number now enforce its appearance is used to have been to but not on that scale as you were nuts and norm what we are seeing now is that six steps that is becomes a norm so unfair trials that would affect some some people or not not a relatively large group if you mubarak now we are seeing is that there are fifteen thousand tens of thousands we are seeing. under present egypt is becoming
is moving towards. and institutionalizing the number of these lesions and amendments in the institutions that actually makes exceptions and norms for example who resists recent them in minutes. spending semiliterate drugs for civilians to be included and not only mean clinton's constitution as we've seen earlier but actually to fix it now when you can be child in front of the military for for something as simple as having a fight in a. military or being one of our property is that this on the protection of the military soon now we're seeing the situation like the human rights violations are like multiplying and silence over sentiments of community to work to a large degree have facilities exists to continue to talk to you about that about this blurred line between the military and civilian so part of what would become law should this referendum passes the military was supposed to oversee the civilian
nature of the country what does that mean. i think we're already seeing that what we're seeing through this referendum and the constitutional amendments is a code if equation of reality that already exists the military does have control it's going to extend that control over the judiciary over the appointment of the appointments already are under some kind of influence from the military but it will be codify the military will have the right to. to decide or to veto the choice of a defense ministers who choose the prosecutor general it extends its power in every field it allows for more military trials and i think it also and i want to go back to this economic issue the military does have a stranglehold on the economy and even part of the amendments is to ensure that deals or trade deals between got governments and institutions and outside
parties come under the supervision of the military the military is an economic empire this is why they also don't want to let go power and money are combined there are very real interests at play here and the military through these constitutional amendments will have a great a hold on egypt's politics its judiciary and its economy this bodes very ill for the independence of all injection institutions that have already been undermined since twenty thirty but now there is a great accrued difficult mission and the attempt at legitimizing this process and of course it has no legitimacy whatsoever so tempy people very rarely give up power voluntarily right and when you look at authoritarian regimes it may seem.
you can say well you know what elicits means you know some sort of stability for an extended period time but these things never in rarely in well what why is that there's always these huge collapses of these systems why is that. well fundamentally authoritarian systems particularly ones that don't develop a sort of institutions. collapse like a house of cards because they haven't built up a more effective diffusion of power that can sustain itself beyond the collapse of the key characters right so when mubarak was overthrown there was a lot of political turmoil when gadhafi was over for the throne we saw the turmoil in libya and if you look at any of these countries this formula political organization is fundamentally unstable and these regimes because because they see themselves constantly as fragile overreact oftentimes and encourage the production of authoritarian systems not only domestically but in their region as we see with
the emirates as we see with saudi arabia that has been pushing for supporting authoritarians throughout the middle east and so you have the situation in which there's there's a proclivity for using violence there is a lack of a sort of effective succession plan or any sort of mechanism that is viable incredible for the peaceful transition of power and so invariably the only way to actually get affective change for a population is to is to force it and of course that process can often be quite quite chaotic and even mine and. but it's really not a product of the protesters themselves but rather the system of the violent authoritarians who have created this dynamic within their societies who say what's concern is amnesty international have are the end package that this type of referendum these type of changes could mean for the region. so we are worried
about how i mean how does a qualification of the practices. played out in the right to fair trial quantifying. influence of the executive over an addition. to the french for a very long time because the changes that are going to affect happen to the constitution are going to be easier for a long time but soon when it comes to the reason we are worried because if you look at libya for example was half the specifically he is period thing has been fascinated with models that prison guard to his c.c. has been implementing in egypt and egypt has been supporting. well for a long times and there are many donald process also seems to have thrown his support behind haftorah as well he has a good relationship with sisi so i just wanted to make sure as we're aware of that as you mention those names yeah so so this is very worrying because now as this
model of extreme repressive force territorian is man's or old boy. rule or effectively colors of you by security agencies not just the military but also police and exist spritz to libya i mean you never know what would have. to have two hours of countries that are undergoing changes at some moment and so results are not very clear so we are very much worried like in the for intelligence or then just to clarify but we are moving much for this model of repression so it's not only policies and this nation's but been codified in the constitution to be imported into other countries in the region could likely be a jury or student mohan has this compare to the time of hosni mubarak. i think it's a more extreme version of dictatorship it's a dictatorship that also feels great distress and i think post twenty eleven
many of the regimes in the region realize that people could rise up and could bring down the dictator so the comebacks through a military coup in twenty seven teen was a means by which the military could hold on and the old regime once more and much of the message of sisi and his supporters is that never again we will not allow what happened in july on january twenty fifth twenty eleven to happen again we will not allow the electoral process that was underway in twenty twelve and put forward the first democratically elected president for egypt to happen again so they didn't see themselves as a bulwark against any kind of populist uprising that would bring about democracy to the people in egypt or to the region and therefore he's holding on very tight and
he's as repressive as ever more so than even under mubarak but i think he feels he needs to be like this because there has been an uprising and he wants to ensure there isn't one in the future but of course the continuing repression the continuing economic failure for the majority of egyptians will mean i think that sooner or later there will be a backlash and i believe that opposition to the military regime in egypt is stronger than it is ever has been over the last few decades ok that will be our our final word i'm sure we will revisit this topic in the coming days and weeks thank you all for joining us for the discussion very much appreciate it timothy called us and cairo and london mazar meant to say mommy and tunis thank you. and thank you for watching you can see the program again any time visit our website al-jazeera dot com for further discussion about our facebook page it's facebook dot
com ford slash a.j. inside story you can also join the conversation on twitter our handle as a chainsaw its way for me or sheltering entire team i cannot. people have to weigh your own record on this trial in fact a few years ago there is place only for one state on the land of israel i do not believe in a two state solution the official story is that there are no i'm sure we all feel are you i don't care about the official story if you were to go visit today you
would say what has the media been telling fellow world and walk in life there's lots of praise in here join me mad the hot sun on our front of my guests from around the world take the hot seat and we debate the week's top stories and think issues here on al-jazeera. their dreams have turned out to be disappointed. that if anyone called me to say he'd leave each. i'd advise him not to come three young north africans tell the story of how europe is not all they hoped it would be . al-jazeera wells welcome to its any. problem it's a daunting climb to one of the holiest sites in due time. astri seems to defy gravity every few cities is expected to complete the pilgrimage to ensure peace and happiness but it became a democracy in two thousand and eight the time put happiness at the center of all
political policy inspiring the un to pass a resolution urging other nations to follow petards example but how do you measure it many brits anees happinesses but when shoots if it is quantifiable but by simply turning its pursuit into policy the time has done what no other country has. holland has a seeker in doha the top stories on the un recognized government in libya has close tripoli's only functioning airport it follows more fighting nearby forces loyal to walt threatening to push further into the capital it began an offensive to take tripoli three weeks ago a spokesman for half the us forces known as the libyan national army briefed
journalists earlier on saturday. your forces providing fire support to our ground operations the economy is trying to flank our forces from the beck but i have failed in the face of the strength of our fighters and the experience of our fighters it has become a war of attrition so the city is as good as controlled by the alley and i walk with my head has more from tripoli they have vision and. they have to really assess tended a relation at the airport just for security. and precautions reasons that decision has been made. or plain. some some sources say work really maybe get you on the sword over may to be able they tried to turn red with anti. fire but they did not
get it in sudan several top members of the former ruling party are reported to have been arrested thousands of demonstrators are keeping up the pressure on the ruling military transitional council they want inquiries into the abuses by the former regime public prosecutor says for president ahmed by a shared is being investigated for money laundering hamad van has more from hard to . a senior party member of the former ruling communist party confirmed but some of the top leaders of the party including the speaker of the parliament including or some of the former defense minister have been transferred to the co-guardian after being arrested. however the military council has not confirmed that there is no official statement from the military council in that respect the only confirmation that came over the last few days was the arrest of the two brothers of omar bashir a bass and there wasn't even a confirmation from the military council about the transfer from one of the shoes
to the khobar jail. former prime minister and the current finance minister have been ordered to appear in court in connection with an investigation into the wasting of public money hundreds of thousands of algerians continued to hold rallies calling for wider political change after long time leader abdul aziz beautifully stepped down on friday a protest of died from head injuries that his family says were caused by a police beating at least four civilians and three soldiers have been killed in a gunfight in the afghan capital kabul attackers appear to have detonated an explosive device before storming the communications ministry there's been a relative calm in kabul in recent weeks coinciding with talks between the u.s. and taliban officials taliban have denied responsibility for the attack egyptians are voted in the first day of a referendum that could open the door to president add to the to his sisi staying
in office until twenty thirty voters are also deciding on whether to allow the president to appoint top judges and to expand the role of the military fifty five million people are eligible to take part but rights groups express concern the referendum would not be free or fair. police imperative fire tear gas a yellow vests protesters have been demonstrating for weeks over the economy one hundred twenty six people have been arrested with more than eleven thousand police spot checks rallies near the not true don cathedral have been banned since monday's fire at the protests started twenty three weeks ago after president emanuel our core introduced a fuel hike but hardened into a demonstration against his leadership. kosovo's government has brought back one hundred ten of its citizens from syria with the help of the u.s. the group included thirty two women and seventy four children who were taken to a detention center near the capital pristina. those are the headlines we're back
roberta hell i'm from the mohawk nation grammar territory. a survivor of the mohawk institute residential school i was here as a student from one nine hundred fifty seven to january nine hundred sixty one and i came here with six of my family. a lot of bad memories here knows for sure. these are really familiar to me. used to play on these on the girl side i was playing down in the basement of the girl side and my mother had come out to the visiting area and the little kids had said your mother is here you want to go see her and i and they were in iran but when i got to the door way over there i froze right in front of the stairs and i couldn't move and i just stood there crying crying crying and the more i cried the worse it got and i could see myself i
could actually like an out of body experience i could see this little girl crying and it was me but i and the little girl said well if you don't want to love your mother don't you want to see your mother and i said you know and i did i really did she say she's going to leave you you know she's going to leave if you don't go see her so at that time i knew that she would goal then i things just kind of came back on issues like tears i just took off running up the stairs. and i went and sat on my mother and let the time all i did was cry. i just cried and cried when i was in because it was you know i loved her and we just saw her have to part with her year. because my brother was like she was really good mood you know.
the don't. know much. to say would be good times here they are all written by the bed there is enormous there is a tremendous amount of evil that went on here. so the whole institution itself was run by fear so it was very regimented more like a military style you lined up for everything to line up for your meals and lined up to go to school you lined up to go to church just like that follow that routine and you would be ok if you followed it and didn't break the rules you know so you just follow the rules. so they didn't have the freedom as the of the child or is it young teenager and always kind of wonders if her vision of somebody but we got
a boat six o'clock and we're sent down of the cold playroom you know is always cold and in the basement early morning still a lot of children here and yet they put us in the room and we had to keep warm where we could. be there and all kinds of farm were they work on the farm so long that. i picked up a certain discipline the were hard worker to get me were going. and i think at some point there was somebody here that i don't know if it was a kid or a supervisor told me i would never leave here and also that really stuck in my mind that i was going to be in this place for ever. here isolate it all you see is this world around you this is it that was my world i didn't learn about all those. other things that were going on until my adult life i didn't know there was all those other residential schools i don't think anybody in canada knew that much so it was
kept very secret up and yet when you start to look at every residential school across canada you find the same thing. came to the well i'm going to do it and it is. six or seven years old and i spent six years here. has picked up an indian reserve really and. in the. walking on a road. we're going to visit my grandmother one day and they still a day like in one thousand nine hundred sixty there is for lesson one girl my sister. and we came over that little rise over there and we had buried down here. in the black car fall on us i know us
. and we didn't know it was it's i. the driver said there they are right there. he said no we didn't know where they were. we kept on walking and they kept face of us in the car. and they kept trying to get us to get in. and we refused for. a hundred yards that way. and they offered us some way screaming jello at the restaurant in terror. and i had a scream there to be finished we all loaded back up in the car but they never went back the way they came they went around away from the reason i fell asleep. and i never will go up until we are coming up to. mark institute. when after a good old not by relays i was kidnapped like is that my dad did no good for.