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tv   Breaking Taboos  Al Jazeera  July 21, 2019 1:32am-2:01am +03

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reality there was some notable difference they were barred from becoming commissioned officers and from disciplining low ranking white soldiers mo disturbingly corporal punishment which the british army had officially outlawed for decades elsewhere was still used against african troops throughout world war say beatings when nelson coleman. well you know. about. the idea. last not at between that. teasing eyes as he has. not been because he wanted the media but was the world that. was not one of britain's willing recruits he was sent to ethiopia and somaliland as
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a signalman relaying messages between units if you've done any good to rome here's who i think. you're going to be brought back. i'll go. there only i'm going to go on. because you are no. limit to the. high rank of. we have no choice we have no way that the. way to the are not going to be. again or by wednesday night they'd be a. bit you know by what. but if the harsh discipline brutal combat go hard to back they were compounded by the treatment that soldiers like you said be a receipt when the victory came discrimination would not be limited to the war yes
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. once a soldier left the army person paid him a lump sum known as award for serious but this payout wasn't only based on the soldier's rank and the length of his service it also reflected his cologne you origins and ethnicity this document long hidden in britain's war shines a light on this racial hierarchy the government paper reveals that white personnel even those living in african colonies could receive 3 times the amount of their black counterparts different levels of compensation meant that the colonial regime placed a different value on african life and it on european right european settlers are considered to be more civilized and therefore more deserving of a higher payment verse in the states indorsed color extended to asian personnel recruited in british east africa to these troops received less than their white
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comrades but more than african soldiers. are now where did go a bit there. and the bad about good that they did they had to bow to. their word. when japan surrendered in 145 percent for its size demobilizing is white troops pushing black soldiers to the back of the line many africans remained in asia for 2 years after the war had ended although their role in the war was praised by winston churchill and others before long the cash strapped britain was soon quietly downplaying the contribution that african soldiers had made to the allied victory there was explicit propaganda directed at african soldiers trying to remind them that they were had only played a small role and that they should not have high expectations they gave me and they gave me nothing. as an end goal and that's. even when so just came back
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the war wasn't over many veterans brought the true measure of conflict into the family home. nor was it will it feel more. at that you. know political. diplomatic. i look at are you going to. do why do you go israel cornetto. and i'm on the one i know they feel more. victorian we say you is a kenyan scholar on a mission to preserve this vanishing history she believes that africans who fought for britain should not be so costly a late grandfather served as a world war 2 medic to service instilled in her a passion for the arrow my grandfather talked about is what are the experiences
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when really young children with wonderful called school yes but. to the point of being told that kenyans 40. during the war this propaganda ministry produced a pamphlet about this east african soul which is which distilled the air is condescending views in the 1st picture this was a military man from this little kingdom their own material the 2nd picture is talking about a finished product this is modern warfare. your mindset towards african people is negative they believe they were less just by looking at this that they were made to look like simple people instead races in that they were not very valued that high at the time if you felt this person was invaluable to that extent then you should not have involved them in the office right so go do your wars but don't call other people to help you if you cannot see them for their true.
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but not everyone has forgotten the wartime heroics of britain's african veterans lusaka international airport the former brigadier of britain's colonial forces is arriving for a week and zambia. david williams is president of the kings african right was association the regiment for which you said and once fort william has flown in from england to pay his respects to his african comrades at a memorial event my roots in africa are very deep i was educated in what was southern rhodesia. as kids we used to spend a lot of time in the bush it was a very good life and much enjoyed it one's heart remains in africa for me williams says destination is a small town in the far north of the country. he's travelling with a crew of history buffs and descendants of colonial era commanders who are stopping
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off their key points along the way to remember the fordham i was commissioned into the 1st battalion of the king's african rifles with a lot of time spent in the bush on exercises getting to know one's men and forming a good bond they are very fine and so does and they have proven to be so. the african soldier had absolute innate qualities. when you goes into the bush he is immediately like a hunter. a british soldier often find you have to impose a discipline in where is an african is very very well equipped. one looks back with fond memories and of course one having established that bond with the african soldiers one is continued to be keen to fulfill what one regards as a sort of obligation towards them they fought for the defense of the british empire
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. and western values and a time when that was threatened. on their journey of remembrance williams's entourage spend nights at a colonial era mansion some of those present i think grew up in a colony or served in britain's armed forces with. cigarettes. you know and you know. there's no question when i was growing up we were living in a country where there was a measure of racism i mean i think on the most positive thing you could say was a form of paternalism one was establishing good principles of rule of law and education great infrastructures in the country. those of us who lived in africa we were living at the end of a nearer this was obviously going to change overdue for change. we were all of
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members of our association passionately committed to making sure that we honor the legacy of all african soldiers. racism paternalistic or otherwise was ingrained in the fabric of the british empire and some forces but that doesn't negate the fact that many individual british officers felt and continue to feel a deep sense of loyalty towards their african comrades even in the 19th foresees some commanding officers on the record as standing up for african soldiers and demanding baby provided with pensions to this day williams's organization and the royal commonwealth tech services league raise funds for these but by then at least they are not forgotten they will. all know. what. was made. by.
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among the v.i.p.'s at the event is the former chief of the u.k. armed forces general lord richards for him britain's mistreatment of african veterans and the poverty they face today is a national disgrace we should be ashamed but from the sioux fought for our country are living in poverty we have an opportunity in their twilight years to get that right it's not too late we could still make amends we're talking about people who fought for us in the most horrendous circumstances as surely if britain and the british people mean anything it's about generosity of spirit. i think all. political leadership sometimes doesn't remember that this is a battle that's not yet. the u.k.'s ministry of defense did not respond to our repeated requests for comment yet there are signs that government policy could be changing in november 28th as the world prepared to mark the 17 read of the end of
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the great britain announced a 12000000 pound package to help impoverished veterans and war widows from commonwealth nations but senior officials insist that this relatively modest sum is 8 not compensation it's not designed a time what it is designed to do is provide some very practical support what my department core mission is to alleviate extreme poverty. of the commonwealth but from the south we're living what we consider to be extreme poverty so that means that they'll be able to get good nutrition they'll be living in dignity but critics are clear while these men are in urgent need of aid the injustices they suffered under british rule must also be richer rest it wouldn't cost a great deal of money printing vidual someone who studied this destitute men who
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were in some way harmed who were not well really integrated into their home societies then there may be an opportunity to right wrongs. despite persons and you aid package david williams still feel has a deep sense of regret about the past treatment of african soldiers that is not something that i think we should be proud of and certainly wouldn't fit into the ethos of what those of us who served with african troops would would wish to have happened but it did happen we have to face the fact that you know times were different i don't believe it's it's it's something that's worthwhile of an apology . we feel obliged to do is to make sure that we look after people who are in need. we can provide that for and with at least a meal a day and hopefully 2 meals a day. we do our best to help them.
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more well. more. with their little. local those few veterans still alive were not be with us for long a few 1000000 pounds from the u.k. government to pay for me it was while helpful is not much restitution for past injustices what many want most of all is for recognition. all form of a trans have been afraid that they have been forgotten completes many of them died with experiences but the minutes they die that's gone but we need to talk them fast we should not let them die with. time is not a lost sight when they are so all they need help they need assistance let them die knowing someone can't about. this film 1st
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appeared the u.k. government has come under pressure to provide more significant restitution to the public its black african veterans but in june 29th team defense ministers told m.p.'s they had no current plans to do so. the plundering of armenia's natural riches has uprooted residents and desecrated the habitat of some of europe's most in danger of species. but the remarkable campaign by local residents is challenging the miked of the country's investors and pinning high hopes on its newly elected prime minister people in power investigates . armenia mining out the left. on a 0. 0
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were close to god just to be calmed down a child. he used to lie on their expertise sneaks. like now performed their traditional music and down to adapt and survive the modern internet. practiced hands dancers on how to sing. and this was different that whether someone paying for something was very rich but that's about it we think it's how you approach a feature and if it is a certain way of doing it's a conscious injection story and fly out. what
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i want to investigate. the. british ships to avoid the strait of hormuz temporarily following iran's detention of a british flag tanker. from a headquarters and. also ahead turkey arrests 2 men suspected of killing one of its
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diplomats in the kurdish region of northern iraq. stay in the that's the message from the. rallying in london as the country moves closer to a change of leadership. or. are. what seemed impossible finally became a reality we explore a 50 year as human set foot on the. britain's foreign secretary has spoken with those iranian counterpart and expressed quote extreme disappointment over to her. oil tanker in the strait of hormuz on friday the u.k. has warned all its ships to avoid the strait for now and this right here is what triggered that response commanders from iran's revolutionary guards seen in this
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video seizing a british frag oil tanker on friday the u.k. defense secretary has called it a hostile act the foreign office has summoned iranian diplomats to lodge a protest. we will respond in a way that is considerate but robust we are absolutely clear that if the situation is not resolved quickly there will be serious calls since france and germany have condemned the seizure in the u.s. central command has intensified air patrols over the strait in response to ron's actions it's also deploying troops to saudi arabia against what it says are credible threats iran's opened an investigation into the alleged violations by the british flag tanker and says it was involved in an accident with a fishing boat before being detained let's speak to our correspondent barker he's joining us from london what do we know about what emerged from that emergency cobra
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meeting that took place leave. well it really is go on for quite some time just to remind you what cobra is this a meeting of senior intelligence military and political figures jeremy hunt the foreign secretary has been there all day and gave a statement shortly afterwards he said he was very worrying indeed not just for british shipping but for international shipping that something like this could happen in such an important and busy part of the world the strait of hormuz sees thousands and thousands of ships pass through it on a daily basis 18 and a half 1000000 barrels of oil or a transfer through the strait on a daily basis compared to 25000000 in the su is canal that's how important it is internationally and also for the oil producing countries in the region it's vital for getting their products out to the international markets but jeremy hunt has made very clear is that the british government refutes iran's version of events said that the ship was in a mani waters it he made no reference to tall of any collision with
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a fishing vessel and as you mentioned there described this incident as a hostile act it is pretty clear though that the british authorities are attempting to exhaust all diplomatic channels as best as they possibly can we know that there has been a a phone call between hunt and his counterpart in which he said that he was extremely disappointed with the act we know with the from the iranian side that the intention is to have or to go through some sort of legal process with the ship that could take many weeks if not months a mirror as it were to what's happening to the grey swan the iranian vessel impounded by british authorities off the coast of gibraltar accused of violating essentials by shipping oil to syria something iran denies ok and barkha thank you there are some jabari has an update from to her on. spokesman for iran's
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revolutionary guard has said that indeed there was a 2nd british vessel that was trying to prevent the iranians from seizing this tanker on friday in the strait of hormuz now the revolutionary guard has also released dramatic footage which shows the moment a tanker with seized by them we see the number of iranian commanders in a helicopter and they are parachuted down into this british navy a british vessel rather before it was seized on friday because the iranians said that it was causing a dangerous situation in the strait of hormuz the iranians have said that there was tanker had turned off its tracking devices and it was not responding to any communications that were trying to be made with the crew on board the iranians the size decided to see if this vessel because they said it was traveling in the wrong maritime direction and also it was not responding to any of the calls the seas this vessel and took it to the nearby support city of bam that up also where the $23.00
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crew members are now still there waiting to be questioned by the authorities the foreign ministers of all 3 says also commented saying that this is a very very different incident the union revolutionary guard was simply upholding international maritime law by seizing this vessel and it's not comparable to what the british navy did in the strait of gibraltar by seizing the iranian oil tanker grace one on july 4th where they still kept it there indians have said that this is a very very different situation and it's not comparable with the other one industry of gibraltar for now the crew members are waiting to be interviewed by the authorities and the foreign minister has stressed that the ship will go have to go through the proper legal channels in iran before it can be released. now as we mentioned earlier the u.s. is deploying troops to saudi arabia's situation in the region grows tense or the pentagon believes the deployment will provide an additional deterrent some of fits
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over $500.00 military personnel have already arrived at the prince sultan air base south of riyadh the u.s. forces withdrew from saudi arabia in 2003. libya's high council of state has expressed concern over intelligence they received that suggests france the united arab emirates and egypt are backing forces the council says they 3 countries are helping the warlords in planning new attacks on tripoli. the latest from tripoli. this statement by libya's you and back to government of national accord is calling on the united nations support the mission in libya along with the international community to stop the military escalation by have to its forces on the capital tripoli this is following the intelligence information received by the high state council or the high state the high council of the state indicating that the united arab emirates egypt and france are planning
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a fresh offensive on the capital tripoli by supporting the warlord khalifa haftar with advanced weapons and also by intensifying air strikes on civil locations in the capital tripoli this is also coming after 2 fighter jets 2 french fighter jets c. 35 and boeing of 202 french fighter jets were noticed over the cost of tripoli we understand that egypt the united arab emirates and france are the major supporters of the world khalifa haftar and recently advances weapons including the anti tanks a.g.t. m learned rockets were captured by the government forces as have his forces lost the strategic city of and we understand that both the united arab emirates and france are accused of supporting the warlord khalifa haftar the with advanced
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weapons fighter jets and drones and also advance of the rockets including their. tanks a.g.t. and rockets the 2 main suspects behind the murder for turkish diplomat in northern iraq have now been arrested ankara accuses muslim diagonal hammad better search of killing the region's deputy consul general and 2 other people on wednesday it's believed the 2 are members of the armed kurdistan workers party or the. the group is deemed a terrorist organization by. states and the name is joining us from erbil in northern iraq to let us know natasha the circumstances that led to their arrest that's how can you hear me. seem to be having problems connecting with natasha in erbil we'll try and bring her back a little later on right here knowledge as they were moving there have been
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explosions across rebel held capital of sanaa after a string of. airstrikes so the media says coalition jet fighters targeted military camps across the city destroying air defenses storage sites there have been no reports of casualties and. drone attacks from yemen the rebels targeting airports in the south of saudi arabia. the after the. was known the 21st park which has been which has been used as a military camp for long decades also they have targeted a military camp to the north of the capital sanaa as well such strikes have made many people here in the capital start to wonder why the saudi arabia has targeted. the capital sanaa after a long period of nearly 4 more over one month they haven't resumed their
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targets on the capital sun our is even during the whole of these attacks of on the saudi vital economic anomic targets. what we have found also that the host these military spokesperson has released their behalf targeted the saudi king get. in jaime smoosh aid in detail the ation to what he described the saudia on the different yemeni civilian areas so were we couldn't confirm who started the even the saudis or the you hold these about but so far the attacks that have that have taken place in the capital sanaa have been resulted in any casualties because we have targeted. military cams which have been the same targets for saudi fighter jets for over 4 years still had on al-jazeera protests and
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counter-protests in hong kong pro beijing demonstrators take to the streets after weeks of anti china rallies for the 1st time millions go to the polls in pakistan's tribal northwest to vote for a political and sadly details in a moment. how once again not too much right in the forecast across the middle east no surprises here as to get a little bit of cloud just around the black sea georgia could catch one or 2 showers over the next a day or so you can see signs of somewhat weather up towards the caucuses but for many it's going to be the sunshine we're talking about yet again $29.00 celsius there in beirut $28.00 in jerusalem or into the forty's the mid forty's baghdad.

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