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tv   Inside Story 2019 Ep 231  Al Jazeera  August 19, 2019 8:32pm-9:01pm +03

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writers now have more expectations of a deal done their leaders are able to produce in the coming days enters are on saturday there was a brutal reminder that violence continues even with these talks going on as a backdrop you had a horrific attack on a wedding party in kabul dozens of people died as a result and eisel claimed responsibility for this attack in light of this attack and other recent attacks can the taliban credibly guarantee that afghanistan would not be a sanctuary for violent groups to expand to plot new attacks if u.s. troops were to fully withdraw. let me tell you that the recent attack in kabul just daymond the optimism for hope it was really attacking you personally so on a different afghanistan no one in afghanistan remain untouched but such casualties it has been one of the horrendous attack but it's not the 1st it's not the last the
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afghan casualties in the afghan daily water is it's not a miracle it's not a very absolute complexity but some more about the modern day docs in the the international community negligences in the war for the last so many years you may have witness that we have been lines of iran war started gee we were just showing mixed messages far enemy in friend infos in the same time we're just changing or started you from war to peace and from peace to war you just remembered the obama time and he was just telling that we would leave afghanistan in 2014 in the taliban become golden and they just found it fun of the 23 years and finally the day entire mission just sinks into an unknown destination. you know when say that until everything is finalized nothing is finalized it seems fancy it it's seems logical in nature but it's not logical because when you ask taliban that when we make
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a deal this should not be any danger posed to the american interest to the american allies into the american nation what the truly means in how that danger can be targeted how the taliban will be able to ensure that there is no threats posed to the american interests and by the way with american interests and how we can define it how you contextualize that and for example in theirs in 125 countries of the word american have a presence there or at least they have a friendship there so if anywhere something better happens indeed again taliban or blame to american in the international community will be coming back so for that reason i think such attacks in afghanistan that's warning signal for both the taliban and for the buffet with the americans and they have to ensure that dickon not totally burned to ensure that the afghanistan government after a peace deal will not be a stronghold for terrorism end yesterday's attack is a very very clear sign that still afghanistan is
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a have for terrorism that's why it's important that what it where we are just agreeing in this peace deal between all sides we have to be ensuring that we are to go into the details if anybody is quite clear on the rwandan responsibilities in the future let me ask you more specifically about i saw just how large is eisel footprint in afghanistan and how concerned is the taleban of isis reach in afghanistan. hum. i mean you know from various reports that we can glean i think we do recognize there is that is some kind of. the there is a relatively significant footprint of eisel in afghanistan and that's you know that as concerned as in the past and that is still a still a worrying concern and the major concern is the further expansion or the potential to expand off myself footprint in afghanistan and i think that that's predominantly where the american thinking on this issue lies and you know the issue of how we
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monitor any finances potential finances to help us grow how would it harm the american interest and these are some of the broad concerns that lay that is that has always been a part of the thought process visa view regarding eisel the eisel footprint in afghanistan. regarding our concerns i think you know if the lessons elsewhere have the experience itself so as big as a lesson then. that those lessons are learned and are still being learned about how to address the threat in afghanistan michael what about afghanistan's president ashraf ghani would a deal put him on a stronger footing or would it make him more vulnerable politically. well in reality nobody quite knows how it will all fade outs are a president gunny has argued that to reach the right political deal with the
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taliban and that is a deal which happened after the us signed up the on the issue of the troops and we move towards political talks to get the right deal in the short run a has said that there should be a strong afghan president who can mandate a negotiating team who can reach reach the right deal now. as others have been working on this idea that early on in the political process there will actually be an agreement in the amongst the negotiators for an interim government which would essentially replace ostrog ronnie's government now i mean those are 2 totally different vision visions of how they the political talks will play out so i think i think we should be very clear here that although it is possible in coming days we will see the sign off on a and an initial deal between the u.s. and the taliban the really the really difficult issues are those ones which will be
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addressed between the taleban delegate ssion and they and the afghan delegation which you know which may involve they hear the setting up of an interim government or may and date valda a deal essentially between the kabul government on the taliban or a date they simply might not reach agreement and says are when it comes to women's rights in afghanistan there is a growing amount of concern by women's rights activists about what the taliban might do going forward if a deal is struck if they are somehow sharing in power i want to ask you specifically has the taleban officially changed any of its policies with regards to women with regards to women being allowed to work or study i mean there have been some signs some indications that perhaps they've softened some of their policies but it doesn't seem that anything official has actually emerged from the group.
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well security analyst in historians are singling our the american would not been able in the last 19 years to connect with the people that's why i thought i'd been or so far fighting with the international community even though there have been $48.00 of them in afghanistan that taliban understand that sensitivity it in their understand that if they would like to fight with the whole nation they will not be able to to defend their position even for a day or so for the last 20 years now it's a whole new generation people who came from from east and west and they're graduated from harvard in your city and they know they're part of the afghan society and now you see that omens are part of the afghan society if they would like to riff them off from liftin write ins doesn't that did they cannot work and they cannot go to these schools i think the that would not be a possible option on table for taliban leadership in taliban leadership i understand that a few afghan activists in leaders who was with the taliban in moscow in
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qatar for so many times they sneakily transform this message or flexibility in the position of taliban the government right so you see now enough in kabul that a number of very vocal ohman are joining the growing chorus of human rights in that fundamental we again does not go back to the 1990 s. where omen would be just like chalk in their houses but the same time it's afghanistan we cannot go to new york style and right so that i have to be a moderation in taliban auditee i clean on that so no number one on is not the taliban of 1990 s. and they're exposed to word and words exposed to them sickened ohman are part of the in indivisible part of afghanistan so if taliban would like to have a united front a united nation they have to be having ohman part of the political process so also
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i think there is no clear statement. even though it's so far there's no time because the 40 usually there is between taliban and americans so these women's rights are not part of that but i'm sure if a gun government is talking that could be part in taliban will have their clearance and that borrow it from your perspective what would president trump be hearing now from his advisors with regard to the pros and cons of a deal of these negotiations. i mean i think president compass. in my view president trump as is is not would easier but the question that he is are always asking is when can i get my get the boys out of afghanistan and what would happen if i got the boys out of afghanistan and what likely make loads others telling him. in our conversations and one of the earlier conversations of michael's out was you know there does not have to be one solution that can be multiple solutions and the solutions can be a hybrid of each of these subsect subject of problems for example the subject of
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the thinking along these lines was what is the what does an architecture of a peace deal look like maybe this looks like peace maybe this looks like peace and if this looks like peace what are the necessary peace enforcing agreements what are the parties that could enforce peace and who are the likely parties how durable is the sustainable it's theirs and could we make a hybrid solution out of all these things that's available in our basket to say this is the best out of the various options that we could look like and president trump as i would understand his probably hearing thinking saying how fast can i get the troops out of afghanistan what is the peace deal look like who are the contributions to this peace deal who are the enforcers how sustainable is this where is the money going to come from for this sustainability what is the role of roles and responsibilities of each purdy's the borders the worst option worst scenarios and the best scenarios that will affect the united states' interest like a just as my colleagues pointed out the united states has so many allies and bases
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across the world and france what are the likely ramifications what are the cup what a maicon that i'm willing to pay and you know how long and how how deep is my in-wall meant and how and more than import more than anything else remember we are going into an election scenario what is the victory speech that i'm going to give and what is the contours of that victory speech this is what is president these are the kind of questions that i believe president trump for be asking michael barrett was just talking about presidential elections in the u.s. i want to ask you about presidential elections in afghanistan they are scheduled they're supposed to happen in september what is the status of that and do you believe they will go ahead as planned. the official position is that presidential elections will happen on the 28th of september and i know in my my time in kabul recently i talked to an awful lot of political actors their. opinion was
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completely divided there was a wide swathe of opinion who said that we must give prioritize a priority to achieving peace now to spoil in the elections push ahead with these negotiations where as those largely allied with the president were saying no we must get the elections are over on time produce a legitimate government and not government can monday the negotiating team for the peace opinion is split frankly i don't think anybody knows where these elections are really going to happen or not i know that there are people who are working hard to get them to spoke and the way they would get them disposed would be through a recommendation from the 1st round of the political negotiations but equally particularly supporters of the president are trying hard to go ahead with the elections to get him reelected to a 2nd term and then push ahead to peace talks and it's a really ironic that we're 5 to 6 weeks out from the elections and even the main players do not know if they will take place or not are i we have run out of times
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we are going to have to leave it there thanks so much to all our guests into our kadhim michael semple and barrett gopalaswami and thank you too for watching you can see the program again any time by visiting our website al-jazeera dot com and for further discussion go to our facebook page that's facebook dot com forward slash a.j. inside story you can also join the conversation on twitter our handle is at a.j. inside story for me how much jim jones and the whole team here by for now.
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was odd was was. was. was odd was. was. was odd was was was. was.
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67. people. to the establishment of the jewish homeland at the expense of the palestinians. the story of the british declaration the change the middle east for seeds of discord. tibetan culture of dance thrives here every day generations of tibetans continue to embrace and made to their cultural heritage it's a reminder of who they are and whether. this is a suburb of the idiot capital new delhi tibet to be refugees here since $964.00. have been defined as migrants are not refugees because india hasn't signed up to
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the 1951 un convention on refugees so tibetans here have been able to access the indian welfare system so they become self-sufficient setting up their own businesses and looking for work independently but for some it's not enough. he said over here in doha the top stories on al-jazeera sudan's former president omar al bashir has now gone on trial on charges of corruption is accused of possessing foreign currency and accepting bribes a detective in court said he received millions of dollars from saudi arabia the military removed from power in april after months of anti-government protests here morgan has more now from car too. behind these walls inside the courthouse former
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president ahmed bashir is having his 1st official hearing he has had a procedural hearing with the judge about 2 or 3 weeks ago where he listened to the accusations and presented himself as not guilty he has been 94 different defending him saying that he has immunity as president and that most of the money that was given to him or that was found in his house after he was ousted was money given to him as a pro as a person and not as a president but the question is where do you draw the line here a person and president bashir that's one thing that they will be arguing again against the prosecutors in that courthouse this session was supposed to be held 2 weeks ago but due to the funeral and the passing away of his mother it was postponed and being held today the judges are listening to the investigators who found the money but his defense attorneys are arguing that he is the former president is the one who called the investigators and told them that there is money
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in his house right after he was deposed so they are saying that there should be no case against the former president the syrian government. close to a turkish military convoy advancing in the northwest of syria the government says the convoy was heading towards an area near. one rebel commander who was killed turkey is strongly condemning the strike it was heading to an observation post as part of a deal with this international partners has more. there is a risk of a direct confrontation between the syrian and turkish armies in the syrian province of idlib already there are reports that a turkish military convoy has come under fire and syrian government forces are being blamed for that attack this convoy was heading to one of turkey's observation post in the rebel controlled province of idlib that post in the town of moore it is close to being besieged by syrian government forces what is happening in this
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province is that the syrian government and its allies are on the offensive advancing towards an international highway that they want to control but in order to do that they will have to overrun this turkish observation post which was set up as part of an agreement with russia last year that created the escalation zone an adlib province but since the past few weeks that cease fire has collapsed and that the syrian government offensive is continuing the syrian foreign ministry condemning the turkish military for sending troops into it live saying that this is violating the state sovereignty even though i mentioned that they are there according to an agreement with the syrian government ally russia the syrian foreign ministry also saying that this move by turkey because this is being seen as a message from turkey that they will not stand idle and allow the syrian government
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to overrun rebel controlled territories and and the international highways so the syrian foreign ministry saying that this is not going to stop our offensive so tensions are on the rise in this corner of syria afghanistan has just been celebrations marking 100 years of independence following an attack on a wedding hole on saturday i saw claimed responsibility for the bombing the coup 63 people in the afghan capital kabul. pakistan says indian security forces were fired across the line of control in the disputed kashmir region several civilians are reported to have been killed on the pakistan administered sign that iran is warning the united states not to seize its oil tanker in open seas after it set off an gibraltar overnight the vessel was held there for 6 weeks on and is ations of violating existing sanctions those are the headlines the news continues after sykes pekoe more news on this channel in about 30 minutes he then.
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in late 19151 world war one was being fought in the trenches of mainland europe. britain france and russia were allied against the central powers of germany austria-hungary and the ottomans. the war in europe was tacked meeting but britain urgently needed a strategy as to how to divide the ottoman empire with france should the allies be victorious. the prime minister turned to a young british politician called sir mark sykes who had cast himself as the government's advisor on the middle east. the ottoman empire is assailed by
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misfortune crippled by mary advices and the prey of alien greed ambition and timidity one. englishman may have ideas but they are unable to take any steps to overturn the regime and free the people's interests power. by the 3rd of january 19th 16 he and the french lawyer turned diplomat. or speaker would have negotiated the terms of a secret agreement between 2 words i foresee a protectorate. which uses the local traditions and customs to establish different cuisines in the 4 provinces of super. lebanon lebanon enlarged by the an extension of beirut to paly to becca and serving as a model of what is necessary to achieve using indigenous elements in palestine done
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us. and. these 2 men devised a plan that would not only divide the spoils of the declining autumn an empire between the 2 european powers but would draw lines in the sand that would ultimately influence the shape of the middle east for the next century. was. istanbul capital of an ottoman empire that had stood for 6 centuries. it spanned 3
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continents asia africa and europe. its peak had been in the 16th century. than the other says i felt that if you cannot. adopt the euro see more score that there was the how well. the better of me from. that was at the iraq. with many fee. and then a funny on. one of them and i thought but that. does not i let me feel. as he met they've been to many.
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land per quarter at double or assuming i can that there were 0 hour year to job that are tough. he. hasn't done a proper war othella sadar you have to hear from his own poor who are living but there. are. a builder of many year we've got for those with money if you're a little off up one food. from about a very few. you know how they select and have fathers man you can reckon or it's a war on bob or like him has an illusion and i can convey your could be a fuse or not or that i learned. better from any of. the autumn an empire began receding in the 19th century. in $830.00 it lost algeria to france while egypt gradually came under british rule which then expanded
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into the arabian peninsula. the arabs of mesopotamia greater syria and the haitian. remains part of the ottoman empire which was undergoing its own changes. kind of person i shall bear that address or. that. democrat or you mention this at the very near. a well measureless well but as erlich fee. measures a 3rd me when i'm a mostly. moderate and i live a lot of b. i lucked out a lot of the year mostly middle of no nor. in 1000 or 8 the committee of union and progress the young turks overthrew didn't have me just seconds and restored. 76 constitution. this reduce tension at
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the top of autumn in politics but also created infighting among arab groups in the empire and in much more new dictatorial. if. i can or can debate home. and who knows i'll call me to a. state. of god there really is that. i did a few short. and so far a. recent. in the. so far i think. there would be more i met him but it does because it would have. been. towards the 3 key and no more
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american but a lot of b. you. know i do work have a who're. because by 1914 you could really say that for those arabs who are engaged in identity politics what they aspired to was a better deal for the arabs within the ottoman empire. this brand of politics is known as arab ism and arabs were really thinking in terms of imitating the austria-hungary empire with a kind of arab turkish dual monarchy and the ottoman empire but were very concerned not to exit the ottoman umbrella for fear that were the arabs ever to make a bid for independence they would be immediately at risk of european. the ottomans suffered a major defeat in 1912 at the hands of people here in greece serbia and montenegro in the 1st balkan war.

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