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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  August 24, 2019 2:00am-3:01am +03

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sanctions credit lines to the government possibly temporarily allowing certain countries to buy iran's crude oil a way of getting it talking again at least in the short term they've been criticized for doing so by washington the u.s. has called and said that france is sending mixed messages to tehran which iran has said that they want to see all the other securities bakkies and everybody meet their obligations they say that they're willing to reverse measures taken recently which include breaching the levels of enriched uranium that they're allowed to produce but that means everybody doing their part to meet their obligations we believe they are moving in the right direction will do we are definitely there year we had a good discussion today we discussed possibilities this more this morning or early this afternoon in my discussions with the president and he now is going to.
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discuss with his european partners other partners to see where we can go from here the french would like to take these talks and go into the g. 7 summit in b. of its over the weekend able to sell the idea to the americans that something should be offered to tehran as a sweetener now the british in the form of an unnamed diplomatic source on friday have backed them up saying that the deal is the best way to prevent iran acquiring a nuclear weapon and has to be supported but it's very unclear whether president trump and his national security advisor john bolton will actually bite and will actually go for this diplomatic approach to resolving the crisis still ahead an al-jazeera rangar refugees react to u.n. evidence revealing genocidal intent by me and mars military and environmentalists are calling it a potential in some noble on ice the floating nuclear reactor. on its way to the
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arctic. hello again to welcome back well here across parts of northern turkey we have seen plenty of weather in terms of thunderstorms and you can see them making their way slowly over here towards the east and that is going to continue as we go towards saturday so it's really going to be on that easterly part of the black sea that we do see most of the active weather that means southwest of russia is going to be seeing some active weather in terms of thunderstorms as well as we go towards sunday they start to dissipate a little bit but over here towards turkey the temperatures are on the rise we do expect to see ancora with attempts to there of 31 degrees where cross the gulf over the next few days expect to see the middy quite high expression in the morning but there is a chance even seeing a thunderstorm on saturday as well as into sunday evening we don't think the
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chances are going to be that high but that could bring some clouds across part of the area so here in doha on sunday we do expect to see a high of 40 in abu dhabi at 40 as well and then down here across parts of southern africa the temperatures are on the rise not for cape town unfortunate going to be seeing those temperatures stay in the high teens over the next few days so here in cape town 22 degrees is how we start here on saturday by the time we get to send it is going to be 18 degrees but take a look at durban your temperatures are on the rise we do expect to see 32 degrees for you in johannesburg at 27.
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we want to go to 0 a reminder of our top stories this hour u.s. stocks have plunged after beijing announcing crews tariffs on $75000000000.00 worth of american goods u.s. president donald trump says he's ordering american companies to close chinese operations brazil's president says he may send in the army to battle fires that are burning through the amazon forest while leaders are calling it an international crisis and they're demanding action french president emanuel mccrone wants urgent
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talks at this weekend's g. 7 summit. iran's foreign ministers hailed a positive talks with the french president on salvaging the 2015 nuclear deal said both countries have made suggestions on how to move forward after the u.s. pulled out of the agreement last year. the syrian army seized a pocket of rebel territory in the country's northwest escalating an offensive that has prompted a new exodus of refugees fighting has intensified in late april and killed hundreds of people the northwest corner is all that remains in rebel control after more than 80 years of war but not smith reports from an tuck in near the syria turkey border . family thought they'd found somewhere to stay a landowner moved them all this is how it's been for hundreds of thousands of syrians throughout the 7 years civil war traveling further north to escape the fighting while this displacement is never ending i never expected to be in this
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situation no one knows what will happen next the fighters don't seem to know. you know if they should advance or that idiom will advance on them the traffic is mostly one way as people head away from the advancing government forces towards the last rebel stronghold of italy a province the syrian regime now controls all of the countryside in hama province south of it after taking over with the russian help the last villages and towns that had been in rebel hands it's all happened under the noses of turkish soldiers they're behind this wall in one of a dozen observation posts established to monitor what is supposed to be deescalation zone. is more than you don't know the other mismarked of the our observation posts are not besieged b.n. nobody can besiege our troops or observation posts i want to clarify it yes there are attacks in the region of adlib the regime is active around our observation
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posts we are discussing this issue with russia and iran turkey is also worried that regime advances will push more than a half a 1000000 syrians to its border. taking everything that they are giving us a kicking yesterday 6 helicopters over our heads forced us to live on my dad was bombing checking on that our legs turkey's president has told his russian counterpart that syrian military attacks in northwestern syria a causing a humanitarian crisis regine type one told bloody mir putin that what's happening there threatens turkish national security it's one of the reasons turkey is so keen to get a safe zone up and running on the syrian side of the border but so far there's still no indication that turkey has agreed with the u.s. military on who will patrol this zone and how deep into syria it will go burn its way al-jazeera and taqiyya. the new york times is reporting that israel has carried
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out an attack on a weapons depo in iraq 2 senior u.s. officials told the newspaper that there have been at least 4 strikes on deputies controlled by iranian backed groups an iraqi military official confirmed a base was hit and 3 people were killed including an iranian israel has launched hundreds of air strikes against iranian assets in syria during the war israel says a teenage girl has been killed in an attack near an illegal settlement in the west bank she died of wounds from an explosion in near ramallah israeli army says it suspects a palestinian was behind the blast and has sent more troops to the area. thousands of palestinians in gaza are rallying after a tense week at the border with israel that follows at least 3 incidents of rocket fire and airstrikes by israel in the response 9 people have been injured at the demonstrations so far. u.n. investigators say the scale of sexual violence by the medium our military against
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the rock india was so widespread and severe that it demonstrates what they call an intent to commit genocide stephanie decker has more from cox's bazar on the bangladesh me and marc border. the u.n. report on the cities the sexual violence committed against the right is a reminder to the world that these are stories that people have been telling aid workers and journalists for the past 2 years they are the most horrendous stories stories of mass rape children being raped in front of their parents of wives being raped in front of their husbands now that's coupled with stories of killings of people being chopped into pieces of babies being ripped out of their mother's arms and thrown into the fire now this is why hundreds of thousands of people fled across the border here to bangladesh in just the space of a few weeks and this is why this is now the biggest refugee camp in the world these people want justice what does that mean it means they want to go home but they want
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to go home with guarantees of citizenship and security and that seems a long way off ongoing protests have formed a human chain across the territories the so-called hong kong way is inspired by the same tactic used in the baltic states in 1989 calling for independence from the soviet union is expected to spread from hong kong island to the new territories hong kong's airport authority has won an indefinite court's injunction against protesters to prevent them storming the terminal again 2 weeks ago a sit in at the airport descended into chaos forcing hundreds of flights to be canceled and as wayne hale reports the action came as activists stage yet another protest. with hong kong's iconic skyline shining brightly the city's defiant protesters students solidarity they formed a human chain that stretched to kilometers around the city the chosen day was symbolic it came on the 30th anniversary of the baltic way when around 2000000
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people in a stone year lithuania and latvia held hands to call for independence from the soviet union this protest was not about independence but was an attempt to show that the. people of hong kong are united and will continue their fight against china's increasing influence even where tahrir square chartered maybe some of us but we are still going on we are not giving up right now this was a peaceful protest with no police inside the days ahead may be different though as protesters again target hong kong's airport they say they won't try to go into the terminal as they did 2 weeks ago but will try to disrupt transport routes to and from the airport there is no sign that these protests are slowing down but at the same time there is growing concern about the impact on the economy tourist arrivals and down hotel room rates are being reduced and the airlines are being affected in particular hong kong's main carrier cathay pacific which is coming under increasing
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pressure from beijing. the chief executive resigned and at least 3 employees of cathay pacific and its subsidiary cathay dragon have been fired after they showed support for the protest movement among them a former union representative who says china is creating a culture of fear in the company i know all the colleagues feel so depressed and sad because of what happened to him but it's not just about the nation. of the top but it's also the whole issue is that it's 10. all my colleagues are all terrible and. it's that fear of china's evolving influence and control over the city that continues to motivate the protesters to come out week after week when hey al jazeera hong kong. u.s. billionaire a major conservative political donor david koch has died at age 79 together with
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his brother charles david koch was best known for a vast u.s. political donation network that became known as the cost to pose for its wide reach he helped run koch industries one of the world's largest privately held businesses such as net worth was estimated to be more than $50000000000.00 making him among the 10 richest people in the world he died from prostate cancer. russian opposition leader alexina vollies predicting protests against president vladimir putin are set to grow the ball has just been released from prison after a month behind bars for encouraging demonstrations in moscow calling for free elections several opposition candidates have been blocked from running on technicalities. russia is launching the world's 1st floating nuclear power plant but greenpeace activists say there are fears about safety risks and that the plant could become a sun noble on ice step in reports from moscow. a nuclear power plant
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sailing decease russia says it's one of the safest and cleanest ways to provide energy to remote areas the academic luminosity of combines both the technology of a nuclear powered icebreaker and that of a land based nuclear plant it took 10 years to design and build the power plant will be told by 3 votes for more months to the region of chukotka 5000 kilometers away on a journey that could take up to 6 weeks depending on the ice the 2 reactor unit is one of the key projects of president putin so-called northern sea route a fast a sequin action between europe and asia which has become accessible due to a melting arctic despite safety concerns russia's nuclear agency sas there's very little chance of a nuclear accident the nuclear station is very solid and is not vulnerable in case a tsunami or another disaster. happens tests have shown the chances of a gigantic asteroid destroying the earth in the future is twice as high as internal
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damage to this reactor but greenpeace is not convinced in april 2017 the environmental group protested against a project calling a child noble on ice referring to the nuclear disaster in the soviet union in 1986 . of if the fukushima nuclear station was damaged by a tsunami we can only guess what could happen in this case the place can be flown upside down it can be thrown onto the shore or get damaged in a recent nuclear accident in the north of russia which caused a spike in radiation has also raised concerns whatsoever on u.k. accidents happening in the past few months and the government that this by play about what exactly has happened people are growing increasingly suspicious that like in the time of chernobyl your forty's are trying to cover up incidents of leaks radiation even though the academic i don't know if off will travel only to sparsely populated areas its journey will be closely watched russia's plans to sell
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floating nuclear plants to other countries have also rung alarm bells according to greenpeace offshore reactors will be harder to monitor and they can fall into the wrong hands academically not self will stay in into got got for at least 10 years before going back to more months for maintenance and to dispose of its nuclear waste step fastened al-jazeera mosco scientists in kenya say the northern white rhino is one step away from being saved from extinction on thursday they successfully carried out a groundbreaking procedure or harbor thing harvesting eggs from surviving one of those sort of hired explains the. new gene in fact 2 of the only 2 northern white rhinos left in the world they live under 24 hour protection in all projects or conservancy in kenya and that's because both females are the last and only hope of saving the species from disappearing forever. with the help of
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science sperm was saved from the last little northern white rhino male called sudan and a few others he became famous around the world when he featured on a popular dating app to raise money for an in vitro fertilization procedure since his. death the team of international scientists has been racing against time to fertilize eggs from the gene and fatty. using pioneering technology and millions of dollars later on thursday they successfully extracted 5 eggs from each female. the eggs couldn't be frozen and were immediately flown to a fertilization lab in italy. but he is already in the laboratory i believe so the moderation starts and if everything goes well then he also says it will be. lively but it was likely last sunday. took about 2 weeks to go well we have
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some embryos. for health reasons and the gene and fats you can't give birth so once the embryos a fertilized they'll be implanted into a star great southern whites rhino instead. demand for rhino horn in traditional chinese medicine as well as things like dagger handles in yemen fuelled poaching in the 19 seventies and eighties largely wiping out the northern white rhino population in africa but if a surrogate southern mother can produce a baby northern white rhino then these beautiful creatures that have roamed the earth for millions of years may avoid what seemed like certain extinction. this is a disease or things of the top stories u.s. stocks have plunged after beijing i don't increase tariffs on $75000000000.00 worth
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of american goods president donald trump says he's ordering american companies to close chinese operations but the u.s. chamber of commerce is rejecting that call kristen salumi has more from new york. the markets have been turbulent all month on fears of a possible global recession and the possibility of this trade war with china and now i've got the double whammy today from the announcement from the fed chairman that he would not be cutting interest rates and also the follow up to that from president trump basically saying that u.s. suppliers needed to look for a new supply chain that really sent the market tumbling brazil's president says he may send in the army to battle fires that are burning through the amazon forest the number of fires is nearly doubled compared to last year more leaders are calling it an international crisis and they're demanding action french president emanuel not told what's urgent talks at this weekend's g.
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summit iran's foreign minister has hailed positive talks with the french president on solving the 2015 nuclear deal judd said he says both countries have made suggestions in how to move forward after the u.s. pulled out of the deal last year michael has previously said he will try to soften the impact of sanctions or compensate the rainy and people the syrian army is advancing deeper into rebel held territory the military says it's taken towns and villages in hama and southern italy government forces and meters away from turkish troops in malta dozens of palestinians in gaza are rallying after a tense week at the border with israel it follows at least 3 incidents of rocket fire and air strikes 9 people have been injured at the demonstrations so far the palestinian health ministry says israeli forces have killed at least 270 people since march 28th. u.s. billionaire and major conservative political donor david koch has died age 79 his
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net worth was estimated to be more than $50000000000.00 making him among the 10 richest people in the world and those are the headlines the news continues here to knowledge is it a after inside story but for now. forced out of school violence while nearly $2000000.00 children of an education in west and central africa why on groups attack in that schools and what's come be done to ensure kids learn on flying this is inside story.
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hello and welcome to the program i'm hashim. summer holidays are almost over for children in the northern hemisphere but many kids won't be returning to class in west and central africa the u.n. children's fund says armed groups targeting schools teachers and students unicef says more than 9000 schools in the region have closed due to violence 3 times the number of the end of 2017 which means nearly 2000000 children are missing out on an education. the unicef report examines increasing threats and attacks in 8 central and west african countries nearly half of the schools closed in cameroon where more than 600000 children are not going to classes in mali attacks on scores doubled between 2017 and this year in central african republic the number rose by
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more than a 5th and school closures due to violence have gone up 6 falls in brooklyn a fossil mali and nisha. let's bring in our panel in johannesburg patti nachle chief of the unicef africa services unit and the lead author of the report in accra ghana. executive director of the west africa network for peace building and in my degree nigeria my. teacher based in borno state welcome to you all better we're talking here about an increasingly alarming situation but what about the name cause is it instability of the violence or a combination of different other factors. well basically we have 1900000
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children being pushed out of their education being pushed out of school across 8 countries in western central africa for in security reasons for violence as well as threats of violence i myself for instance visited to put in a fossil a few weeks back and there the what we see is that the reasons most of the schools are closing is because of threats of violence they see that that schools have been attacked in other villages there are rumors that are coming through that this school will also be attacked so basically children are kept home and in often is the case as well obviously you know entire villages are being displaced because of that fear of attacks so we have a combination of think the root cause is insecurity and it is fear and that is making parents keep their children at home rather than sending them to school to clinica why is this fear gaining momentum in different parts of the west and central. africa i think the 1st thing is to upload it that is the cycle when you
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have the levels of. the standard of education that we have in west africa especially you look at the increase number of militants and violent extremists then you begin to now make a connection between what has happened in the past and what is happening today so if you look at. region like the not part of nigeria we have elite literacy level is over 65 percent little wonder why we have the issues relating to volunteer stream is in the diary 2 john and now what happens is that when you have a level of illiteracy that we have which increases the number of out of school children especially be male children they go on fact all these laws and then the education of banda continue to go down on daily basis so the next was between these what happens within the disaster. curity. is what you begin now to imagine
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not just about today but even about tomorrow so if you look at what has happened over time thems of the standard of education and what is happening to be little wonder why we have what we hope. my do in my jugglery an area that has been targeted many times in the past by book give us an idea about challenges you face and daily basis to convince families to send their kids back to school in the not if we know we have been challenge and our target then was teach us over to total $500.00 teach us our being cute wearing to try to start it here in the open $50000.00 a cup dusty there we have to run for our lives we migrated to the rural areas in different areas extended to ride it out of there started attempting killing teachers there we need to come back to about it where we showed the little mall security personnel then coming back to the rear of the infant us schools who are being burnt on daily basics teach school been attacked in university it is have to
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be closed down and shouldn't do not have access to scoot over time before the introduction of distorted i could use to be on duty if we fall we now have to duck to send out some of the militant into bach to put it down knowing the obama sent us i was done when we started our work it started at work and started calling but today that see the education cannot wait that we have to come back to school that were not the root cause of the if you thought there thought this is just me. because if you trace the photos to reduce it to 10 years to come back to school that education cannot which does what you haven't. looked at in the past see your with for talks about girls like boko haram saying that western education kababs islamic values is that it begs the question about the namath task if they see in the future to convince local communities that that argument advanced by those
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groups doesn't hold ground. yes we know this this is across the countries that we have been looking at that education what is perceived as western style education is at the bottom or the core of some of the conflicts in those countries which is why as unicef we try very much to work hard with the local community with the local community and to come up with local solutions because unless the local community is with us and feels that the education is coincides with their values then you know these these solutions are not going to work we have introduced for instance in nigeria we basic education skills and education curricula in koranic schools we work with local community elsewhere as well to make sure that that parents are involved in the education of their children this is not a solution that had that can be imposed from from the exterior we work very much
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with with community based solutions and that is really one of the solutions that we have to scale up and work harder at as we move forward if we are to respond to this very concerning situation as as one of your guests was previously saying education is very much key i spoke to one priest in northern in northern book in a fast or a few weeks ago who was telling me that without education there is no development and this is these are in many cases parts of the world that are severely underdeveloped that have a huge issue with children not accessing school to begin with out of school the number of up to school children for instance in in mali and elsewhere is very high and you that you add to that the attacks on the schools and the attacks on the education and you see how that situation is actually compounding in the ripple effect of that is not only going to be felt today in the current situation for these children but also for their families and their communities moving forward if
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you don't educate a child today what's going to happen to that child when he or she grows up as an adult and therefore. family and their community and their countries so this is really something that we have to take into consideration and the solutions really have to be long term. aren't we here talking about failure of governments because it's their argument goal which is to provide security. for its own citizens and protests schools if you look at the investments in education our system over the years by many of the african leaders this will confirm exactly the unicef report the low level investments in education has created some of these challenges we're seeing today and it begs to question the whole idea about the africa continent our free trade zone we are we are looking at the the youths and the leaders of tomorrow being the production engine for that for to make that
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africa continent that 3 trips on excel but if you look at the quality of education compounded now by the issues of peace and security which is not allowed to keep going to school at the moment we have over. 300 are something to keep that out of school and making the teacher asked redundant most of them are not going to school because they cannot teach and then he keeps are also out of school so it gives you a whole idea about everything around what we have to do to our compound then in the realm of the issues of governance defeat and leadership challenges that we have on the continent to some a does this is the talking here about raising awareness you live in a state that was suddenly the headlines all over the world in 2014 with the chip book schoolgirls kidnapping since that's kidnapping have you seen a change in the mentality of the people the way the government is reacting to
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address this particular problem. in your own area. in 2000 photos of 30 insurgents i don't know about the kidnapping of each book yes then there was an in my squad in my school just look at it i did not is time cannot do state that extreme and cannot escape and i've missed several attacks in that area that's called khalidi global name are being spread kind of a community and i've been through an attempt to school before you need to have had an intervention in the school and it seemed teach us a world. that culturally diverse. and u.p.s. is that a psychosocial support to teach us does the best at least it is best to does it where using money to an hour to get a new study butte and not a thought brought us that is to teach us the most of our teachers found it that if we how did very hard that is to share in our say what that in meant to in our
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social relationship or to put an artificial to each other what we've done in television what it would to money our school and it shouldn't and we have development plan we know how to stitch on the security personnel around the school we have their contact. i know so we also see. we have also to step down to fit into the community we involve the community members that in the larger community and we have their contact that everything anything didn't the partying or i would advise to dinner how to walk in that in peers to school not in learning this on remember that in 2 years it doesn't look them but to terrorize they would think they have been attempting in my school that you just could not be attempted i would have 50 thought one blast about for just about 200 meters away from what we do if you short of this training by unicef which it would to come down our students and not least look them down under school very different get out and it's i've been very helpful and very good experience i'm definitely going to expose those give me an
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opportunity to at least a quite a bit in the education in be a member of it you know my ideas are working group. according to a lot more and i must say really brave of you know the children and the thomis to insist to taking their kids schools despite what you have been describing passy resilience is one thing but then the spread of those attacks by groups affiliated with al qaida. these line extensions in sub-saharan africa in different parts of the west and central africa is is another thing. took us through the i'll turn it is that you've put into place to try to put an end to this phenomena. so basically in the schools that we actually that are still functional and as our teacher colleague in my degree was saying we offer a package of support to school so that they to make them safer for children to be
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in and for teachers to actually perform their duties. but in situations where we don't have a school or to at all for instance i was in mali this week and visited a displacement camp in mopti in central mali which has seen a rise in attacks actually in recent in recent months what we have is we can offer at least safe learning spaces a turn it of learning spaces in these camps so that the kids at least can access some form of basic education and are given some basic education skills numeracy literacy that kind of thing while in displacement in other parts like in northern iraq in a fossil which is also very much a country an area of concern for us because of the rise in security there we offer together with our local partners we offer radio school basically we developed broadcasts that are there are broadcast in local languages 5 times a week in 3 different languages in northern brooklyn a fossil where kids who aren't able to even leave their homes let alone go to
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school at least can be at home and listen to a radio we offer these radio sets and they can listen and learn something and we are also reaching for the 1st time kids through have never been to school before through these solutions as well so again this is about you know taking into consideration that long term effect we have such a huge problem with out of school children and many of these countries regardless of conflict but now the conflict is obviously making things worse but to call in a co would that those alternative blood forms like the broadcast like the would be would be enough given the fact that we're talking about a huge number of people forced out of those schools and do do you think there will be enough. sources to try to cope with a new alternative what we're also talking about most of this region challenged by technology so even getting such technology to the orms these are so very challenging the 2nd is that we also need to look at the
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psych er logical disposition of these kids to learn at school serious trade. if you look let me just give you a little bit of statistics which i think that is part of it is also reflected in the unicef report 220000 i.d.p.'s in book you know if i so and over if i was on 900 schools including 500 in this i hope of these shut down leaving about 90000 teach us redundance so how does this now contribute to increases in the level of peace and security challenges that we have on the region is what we are now faced with as a serious issue on our hands so when that are often it is nice too it gets in these kids yes they are available example of what could leap from. a degree
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and also the unicef colleague already mentioned but we also need to understand that kids aged boss order why are some peer relationship to be able to learn better you know not most fair that they feel is not just conducive for for lennon but also for 4 or 40 patient or whatever it's the these thoughts. my degree have a patsy from unicef listening to mecca from west africa network for peace what what you have our viewers all over the world watching you give us a sense about the immediate needs the stuff that you need not. for you to be able to convince parents kids to come back to school and provide them with alternatives to tools so that they will continue to learn by a thought of 30 despite the challenges and your population that i have known is
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called my school and my community just like you post community and the actually thought effort and if i mean even to what you've been about populated enough for now but my advice to parents and largely for the larger community is that the children you cheatin of the poor whom ducted people fit to train actually it would not make your dates are that you discover its peace you children of the poor who do fear to train would not make make that shouldn't have peace that it's better that we all come together to walk in and i cleave to support at least some of the schools in any way or the order or no doc to be to try no socially or do these things i choose to make you forward that's who we're talking about children who have been traumatized by conflicts and by war people who come from poor backgrounds some of them were displaced so ultimately we're talking about need for massive psychological support to help them recover from the trauma and learn isn't this an
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exceptional moment that would it acquires not on in nasa financial resources but also a comprehensive plan where the international community should be on board. 100 percent we turn to to local governments to make sure that they perform their duty in ensuring that schools are safe havens for their children we turn to our humanitarian partners to work with us in order to make sure that this is becomes a reality on the ground but we importantly turn to the international community to our donor community and make sure that they step up 70 percent more than 70 percent of our humanitarian education emergency programs are actually underfunded so we need everyone to come on board and make sure that every child has access to education at every child even if they're in books in a fossil even if they're in cameroon they have a right to education that's the call that we make today. what baffles me personally
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is that you have the african union with this 2030 agenda for sustainable development that says that we need to transform the continent into a better place to live and thrive and the facing problems like this and it would seem to be on top of their own agenda. well i think african union is doing its best but i think it's also if period that we need to start a conversation between at the level of what a lot right relations saw the kind of arms and ammunitions that is used in africa to exit use violent extremism we need to ask questions about the origin and destination the level of corruption in in africa especially among some of the lead us and then be the cost to receive between the african elites and africa political elites and did this initial we had a stolen money caused because some of these stolen money are supposed to be used to
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develop the education aspect and then of course the the kind of illicit forms that that goes away from africa illicit arms and ammunition that comes into africa i think this conversation need to take a different level while we continue to besiege africa lead us to do what this should do i think it's also important that this kind of mortal a problem by law crowded nations and accountability needs to begin to take place i see a point my dog oh what's the situation like now where you live is it getting worse or is it improving our families willing to take the risk and send their kids to school or they are more reluctant than ever to send them back to school. it calling my community is really walking and roll mythos increased tremendously at least we have enough we see need more classes at least some of the classes are not even enough for at least talk of pi the last enrollment has increased that we know
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education i see right we do not neglect we do not at least we we that if we know we did we'd help of the community and outro are good to see their own methods increase everyone wants to be in a school the school has now busy be and has been you just like a child friendly space all children want to be in school and don't let us increase we need support that's a small class isn't that it's asking proof to those. but c c c now we have some good news coming from my degree by the same time the concern is about the infrastructure the number of more kids not finding the right place. there would shelter them against the backdrop of this how concerned are you about the future of west and central africa what kind of impact we have on those countries if the number of students dropping out of school and schools closing because of instability and violence increases in the future well that's a huge concern for us of course because as we know when children are up after
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school they're much more likely to become victim to traffickers they are much more likely to end up in child marriage for girls much more likely to basically have their futures ruined by their lack of access to knowledge and education so this is really something of concern we also know that the number of children is increasing in that part of the world across africa saw so this is education placing education at the center of the conversation is really important and we often look at me in this part of the world through the jews strategic lens or security lens and we'd like for once to peel that away and to bring children back to the forefront because thoughts those communities and the civilian communities are the ones paying the highest price less than a minute please if you can is an issue that has been debated in africa white since independence and the failure has been phenomenal in many parts across the continent what's the biggest problem here are we talking about lack of political will from
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the political elite or is it a purely economic thing the budget for education is not enough and therefore what we see there is a normal result. i think that view because nazis don't you so he's a major problem most of the educational systems are any bad from the colonial masters and that have not changed or by put up by but i also think that image at issue here is governance diffuse which is these is direct reflection of the luck of we would need a political elites to invest in education or to see the nexus between quality education and the future of africa that's seen akhil took a mccain as a my dog oh my god she already appreciate your time and your contribution to the program and let's all hope that tomorrow would be a better day for children across the african continent and thank you for watching you can see the program again and its time by visiting our website al
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jazeera dot com for further discussion go to our facebook page that's facebook dot com for was last a.j. and it's a story it can also join the conversation on twitter al hand it is an ad agency i saw it from a hash and i have been on the whole team here in doha i don't know. al-jazeera explores prominent figures of the 20th century and how rivalries influenced the course of history steve jobs a much better marketeer you and bill gates 1st apple is going to reinvent the fall
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below made software what it is today will change the world to high tech visionaries whose breakthroughs inspired a digital revolution jobs and gates face to face on al-jazeera. on counting the cost this week we check the pulse of the global economy that age a populist government says the independence of central banks comes under threat and the unintended consequences of trump's trade off plus the i.m.f. was on the mis steps of bragg's its own trade was counting the cost on al-jazeera. september on al-jazeera up to gives of war and famine al-jazeera looks at the dramatic transformation emerging to the inspirational stories of for diversity p.o.b. and israel elections can benjamin netanyahu form a majority and sometimes another time listening post to 6 the world media how they
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operate and the stories they cover to fix even $1000.00 is in president budget cuts affect see join us for live coverage as to ms united's a documentary that examines the worst atrocities committed during the war in libya . september on al-jazeera. this is al jazeera. hello i'm rob matheson and this is the news hour live from doha coming up in the next 60 minutes u.s.
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markets plunge after china announces new tabs on billions of dollars worth of american goods. a global crisis record breaking fires burning through brazil's amazon forest prompt calls for action from world leaders. 10 years old and already a mother women and children who sought refuge from fighting in nigeria now face the threat of right. now i'm 50 and mounted with the latest from europe including russia's president old as his military to prepare asymmetrical response after the u.s. decision to test fire a nuclear capable missile. and i'm only a hearty in australia are building a lead in the 3rd ashes cricket test after their bowlers read the england's batting apart and dismiss them for just 67 all that coming up in sports.
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more shots are being fired in the trade war between the world's 2 biggest economies u.s. markets are plunging after china announced increased tariffs on $75000000000.00 worth of american goods china's moves into tally ation for washington's plans to impose measures on chinese imports later this year u.s. president donald trump is urging american companies to close chinese operations is added that he'll be responding to the new tabs and for. later on friday well kristen salumi is standing by for us in new york we're going to go to go to her shortly 1st white house correspondent kimberly halted in washington d.c. this response by china was kind of expected can't believe but the way that the u.s. president has reacted is something very different. right donald trump is knowing that he is in the spotlight for this ongoing trade war with china and as a result of the fact that many are concerned this may now be sparking
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a recession or at least an economic slowdown after so many years of strong growth here in the united states the president is looking for someone to blame and that person is the head of the federal reserve or the central bank in the united states your own power the president lashing out in a series of tweets on twitter putting forward criticisms of the central banker essentially saying that he are asking the question who is now america's bigger enemy is it jay powell as he calls a or chairman she the chinese leader this is a pretty strong tweet from the u.s. president and he also in these series of tweets said that he would be making some sort of announcement but we've been left hanging as to how the u.s. president might respond we know that he is meeting with this trade officials at the white house but in terms of how this escalating trade war between the united states and china moves forward is really in question leading to
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a lot of uncertainty we do know that there was a tentative phone call to take place between the chinese negotiators and the u.s. negotiators try and set a timetable for discussions in september between the 2 sides to come to some sort of trade deal now that is not only being in left in doubt but how things move forward in terms of discussions at the f. coming g. 7 meetings is also a bit of a question mark we know that the united states asked the world leaders that there. piece of discussion about how to combat the issue with china with respect to trade and its growing influence the president is expected to leave washington in the coming hours to head to those meetings so we're watching very carefully to see what the president might say but in the midst of all of this he has been very pronounced in terms of his anger leaving many people wondering sort of what the next step is in the midst of such uncertainty kitty thanks very much for not i want to bring in kristen salumi in new york who's done just looking at the dow jones figure at the
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moment it's been seen around that kind of minus 500 drop mark the markets really have responded quite strongly to this 7 day. they sure have and you know what's really interesting it wasn't the announcement that china was going to retaliate with tariffs on some $75000000000.00 in goods that sent the markets plunging it was the tweets from the president that saw the market shoot down things were level at the open today but when the president tweeted that united states companies needed to find an alternative to china to bring production back to the united states that swan investors really got spooked all at one point today 95 percent of companies that trade on the u.s. markets that are listed on the u.s. markets were down and their training apple was down the national retail federation has issued a statement in response to what the president said saying that it's costly and time consuming to find alternative supply chain so clearly and best years are very
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spooked and the market to be fair has been turbulent on worries that the global economy is slowing not just because of a potential trade war but also because of slowing growth in europe and china president trump though stoking those concerns with his tweets not only against china but also against as kimberly was mentioning the federal reserve chairman chairman jerome powell who earlier in the day actually promised to try to contain the trade war and keep things going but caution that there was no playbook no rulebook for what was happening now and not giving a clear indication of where he was going in the future in terms of rate increases and whether or not. that would continue and suggested that he would be cutting interest rates again the next go around but did not announce any steep cuts like the president has been demanding so that's weighing on investors as well so clearly a very tumultuous time breaking out here and the new york stock market christine
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thank you very much indeed i want to bring in stone voyageur he's a resident scholar at the american enterprise institute he's joining us from washington d.c. we appreciate your time. thank you it seems somewhat surprising that given the fact that the president seems to be placing such a great store on the success story that he believes is the u.s. economy that to tweet something like this some provoke such a reaction in the markets would come as almost a complete surprise to him how are you reading what's going on here well i think the most straightforward explanation is that president trump has been hard line protection is for as long as he's shown any interest in any public policy issue really going back all the way to the 19 eighties and if one of your goal is to implement protectionist policies that's you know ultimately that's what you want to be in office for ed that's not i think something we should completely disregard
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i agree with you on the other hand that it harms his political standing i think quite a few of his supporters. support him mostly because the economy has been strong so far i think there's quite a few voters that democrats could be alive if the economy weakened significantly and you know to deal with that of course president trump has called on both the federal reserve and the congress to go ahead and loosen monetary policy and fiscal policy to compensate for these misguided protectionist trade policies that are one of his central priorities as we mentioned before the president is one thing u.s. firms to pull themselves out of china and disassociate themselves with with trading in china in practical terms how likely is it the firms are going to be either prepared to do that or actually able to do that. well it's not very likely i mean obviously
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a lot of firms could do that would be to make it much harder for them to compete obviously consumers all over the world would lose access to relatively cheaply produced goods from china. the way in which the president phrased this which was that he here by ordered u.s. firms to do this is obviously say a break from traditional support for the free enterprise system as voiced by american presidents i don't know how much affected will have but obviously with a new senate the president has been able to interfere pretty aggressively in u.s. international economic policy there are supposed to be trade talks going on between the u.s. and china in the next few weeks what do you think the chances are for those talks now well in the i think they will they will continue i think obviously there's a situation that is going to be hard to to bring. in which is going to be hard to
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bring the parties to an agreement we've seen as collating tariffs obviously today china retaliated against the most recent round of american tariffs america has more terror scheduled for both september and december. president trump today referred to the chinese leader as his enemy. you know that that doesn't look good especially when underlying all this is president drums deeply felt protectionist instincts and i doubt that he really has an interest in what would you know be considered a win win trade agreement voyager from the american enterprise institute we appreciate your time thank you very much indeed these are the current figures from the dow jones index at the moment showing off from the new york stock exchange at one point i was watching our probably about 30 minutes ago that reach down 530 points and at one point it peaked at about down 540 it
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has been bouncing around the 50510 mark now we're going to keep an eye on that we should point out this is an average index over 30 american companies of one stock 30 each of those 30 companies it is a general indicator of trading in those 30 companies it's not an exact figure of the level of trading that's going on in the market but it does give you a sense of the mood of the market as we've just been talking about ok brazil's president says he may send in the army to battle fires burning through the forests but it's already being labeled an international crisis that needs global action french president emanuel not chrome wants urgent talks at this weekend's g. 7 summit and he's been joined by germany's angela merkel and the u.k.'s baldest johnson we begin our coverage with this report from heidi joe costume. dramatic video captures the fury of the flames eating away at the world's largest rain
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forest this is just one of several 1000 fires currently consuming swaths of the brazilian amazon and the world is watching we're very concerned about these fires both for the immediate damage that they're causing and also because sustained force is crucial in our fight against climate change the amazon produces 20 percent of the world's oxygen that's why it's called the planet's lungs but environmentalist warn if the burning continues at this rate the rain forest will transform to a landscape resembling the african savannah and rather than produce oxygen the antidote to global warming the former rain forest will humid carbon instead in brazil sister very soon difficult situations but for the 1st time we have this kind of situation that was created almost with official encouragement from the government environmental groups
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a rancher's and log or started the fires to clear the land. they were playing brazil's president. as a candidate he promised to give.

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