Skip to main content

tv   Sykes- Picot Lines In The Sand 2016 Ep 2  Al Jazeera  August 28, 2019 9:00am-10:01am +03

9:00 am
ferrous borrowed was captured by israeli forces in 1901 he'd killed an israeli settler he died in prison in february his body is still in israeli morgue and which were the main of what his mother is dead he has no immediate family in gaza but we're not letting it go we are waiting we know it's not easy to get his body back every year activists and family members stage a day of protest in gaza and in the occupied west bank to remember their loved ones and to renew their demand that they be returned israeli military has long been resolutely silent on this issue certainly they gave no comment to our inquiries or the families of the activists say the motivations for keeping the bodies a clear one collective punishment against the relatives to store up political leverage if you to negotiate it's a tactic also used by hamas in gaza it's holding on to the remains of 2 israeli soldiers killed in the 2014 war palestinian campaigners say israel is withholding
9:01 am
more than $300.00 bodies most in numbered graves most dating from the violence of the 2nd intifada in the early 2000 that's when julie son amine was killed a fighter in hamas is arca son brigade he was attending what he thought was a secret meeting with other factions at a school near the city of janine he was one of 5 killed when israeli forces attacked. i wish i could just lay my eyes on him one last time i won them to hand his body over so we can bury him according to islamic law but the prospects are slim especially in the absence of talks between the palestinian leadership and the israelis more likely that she and the other families will be repeating their demands in another year's time hurry for sit out in the occupied west bank. u.k. opposition parties have agreed to work together to find a way to legislate against a no deal but said they've also not ruled out using a confidence vote to bring down prime minister boris johnson who's committed to
9:02 am
leaving the e.u. on october the 31st with or without a deal parliament returns from its summer break next week an opposition leader jeremy corbin has been contacting m.p.'s of all parties to drum up support. on britain's or $116.00 m.p.'s that voted against no deal to ask them if they would recognise the importance next week of supporting a legislative approach which would be an all party approach to ensure we don't crash with all the problems that will create arlen's foreign minister says measures proposed by the british government to replace the backstop that's designed to prevent a hard border on the island of ireland did not come close to what's needed speaking alongside his check cancer plant in prague signs and call them he said ireland is open to further british suggestions and wants to find a deal but make no mistake if there is no t.v. at the end of october. he will be because the british government of the prince
9:03 am
charles choose. to work life with its partners to try and prevent. the only places station trying to salvage its. lawrence the us more now from westminster in central london for months now the main criticism of the anti brics it pro remain in the e.u. policies has been that they spend far too much time bickering with each other and not enough time coming up with some joint position on the how to. oppose and if it breaks it but eventually at this point at the end of the summer with parliament starting next week it looks as if they are trying to suggest that they've got their act together and are behaving in a in the united way so gone for the time being seems to be the suggestion of holding a no confidence vote in boris johnson his government's just on the grounds that they couldn't win because there aren't enough conservatives who would support that position because it make it look like they're in the pockets of jeremy corbin the
9:04 am
labor party leader but instead what these opposition parties have now said is that they will do when they can see a legislate against a no deal breakers and to force a delay in the process so the u.k. doesn't end up leaving on october 31st which is what boris johnson has absolutely vowed will happen and so to that end the main calendar date looks like it'll be something around september the 9th when parliament debates issues to do with northern ireland and of all governments it looks like they will try to add bits on to force that delay to no deal but it's one thing saying they will do that is quite another actually being able to do it because as we saw earlier this year parliament voted repeatedly against no deal and yet it still remains the option because they couldn't find anything else to vote for and so the next thing all these opposition parties have to do is to think of something else that replaces a no deal brick sets which could command a majority in parliament otherwise the threat of no deal is as they would see it remains on the table and i think at this point you'd be you'd be
9:05 am
a fool to rule out a national election because it might end up still being the only way to break the deadlock. a u.s. federal judge has blocked the state of missouri's new abortion law pending a legal challenge by pro-abortion activists and you always come into effect on wednesday it's one of the strictest in the u.s. effectively banning the procedure unless medically necessary on the has more from washington d.c. . this very restrictive abortion ban in missouri would have gone into effect on wednesday but on tuesday this federal judge stepped in and temporarily halted it you were being temporarily said that would hold to a further litigation plays out in the courts here this was signed by the missouri governor a back in may and it's been a real closely watched case ever since then it would have been the most restrictive abortion ban anywhere in the united states it would have banned women from having abortions any time after 8 weeks of pregnancy or about 2 months or so and
9:06 am
this isn't the 1st time that states have tried to implement some abortion ban states of ohio and mississippi tried as well but they were also blocked by federal judges as well but the one here in mississippi would have been by far the most restrictive abortion still very much a hot button issue in the united states very political as well dating back to 1973 actually and that's when the supreme court ruled in the very famous roe v wade case that made abortion legal in the united states in 1983 ever since then both pro and anti abortion folks on both sides of the spectrum have been very vocal advocates for their side of this a very political issue here in the united states all sides are watching this case in missouri very closely but as of now judge shooting down this very restrictive abortion ban that would have gone into effect on wednesday in the state of missouri
9:07 am
. there's been emotional scenes in your court room where women have been testifying about how the. they were allegedly sexually abused by financier geoffrey epstein the hearing was held so that they could tell their stories before the case against epstein was dismissed it was the 1st time most of the women had spoken publicly about their experiences the 66 year old died by suicide in his new york prison cell earlier this month italy's interior minister matteo salvini has banned another charity ship from entering italian waters the german vessel is carrying 101 people whiskey from the mediterranean while making the crossing from north africa to europe italy has also grounded 2 planes used by n.g.o.s to search for migrant boats in distress it all comes as rescuers continue searching for i'm 40 people after a bulk buy in for europe capsized off the coast of libya of these 5 people drowned $65.00 of those were rescued the former health minister of the democratic republic
9:08 am
of congo has been questioned over the use of public funds meant to fight the ebola epidemic the virus has killed more than 1900 people in the d.r. since the outbreak began there last august all year long go resigned last month after he was removed from it of all a response team. this is al jazeera and these are current top stories brazil says it's not willing to accept foreign aid to help fight the fires ravaging the amazon as long as it decides to use the money president jabal sonars administration is also backing plans to allow commercial farming on indigenous reserves well daniel has more now from ports of ale in northwest brazil. the meeting today in brazil you know which gobbles the nado held with the governors of some of the union states he and some of the governors expressed their frustration at the amounts of protection protected
9:09 am
areas in these in these states which they want to see developed they're talking about on dornier the state i'm in the moment where something like 80 percent of land is either within a nature reserve or an indigenous with job also not also the list this land is a more effectively developed was really heading towards poverty the presidents of turkey and russia say they hope to work together to ease tensions in the province budget type were due and met his russian counterpart vladimir putin near moscow 2 countries back opposing sides in the syrian conflict. hamas has declared a state of emergency in the gaza strip that's a 3 piece officers were killed in 2 separate attacks the 1st blast to hit a police checkpoint killing 2 officers less than an hour later there was a 2nd explosion of another checkpoint in the city the main child of former malaysian prime minister najib razak is underway in kuala lumpur now gyp is accused of siphoning more than $500000000.00 from
9:10 am
a state investment fund he denies those charges. south korea has summoned japan's ambassador over its removal from a list of preferred trading partners seoul is launching a formal complaint about the export restrictions which came into effect on state. to ensure way man floods have killed more than 60 people in sudan the u.n. says more than 37000 homes have been destroyed or damaged and more flash floods are expected. a u.s. federal judge has built a new abortion law in the state of missouri pending a legal challenge by pro-abortion activists who say that it's unconstitutional. you update those are your headlines the news continues here on al-jazeera after techno we'll see a bit later oh hi. this
9:11 am
is techno to show innovations that can change lives the science of fighting the fire we're going to explore the intersection of hardware in humanity and we're
9:12 am
doing it. this is a show about science. by scientists. techno investigates gold at any cost. we travel deep into the rain force of peru these illegal mining operations except for miles and miles away from the main highway to uncover a gold rush that's turning lush jungle into utter devastation high pressure water hoses and blasted out and it's not just the lamed people are stepping into my carry on filled tour as just i've conducted extensive research in this rain forest so this story is personal really pains me to see this breed to davis and is a biologist specializing in ecology and evolution now she shows us the high tech tools that are exposing what even the i can't see so where it's blood red that's where the mercury pollution is most intense we will share our findings with lindsay
9:13 am
she's an ex cia analyst that's our team everything we've been saying it's for this no it's do some signs. hey guys welcome to techno i'm joined by lindsay moran emirates of davidson this upcoming episode is an important one to me takes place in true or have done a lot of my research and it is a tale of contrasts we will see rain forest full of new species and then we will see the devastation that humans have done to extract gold and as we know with devastating stories like this where there's a lot of damage science. players are all here not just in monitoring and discovering what's going on but in trying to help process i think this is a story having looked at some of the images that one image of the devastation
9:14 am
pretty much says it all absolutely this is an important story it's one that's very near and dear to my heart and it starts in the proving rainforest. amazon rain forest for more than 50000000 years it's been a cradle of life. this is what pristine rain forest looks like. lush. untamed. bursting with wildlife but maybe not for long because the soil underneath is laced with gold and the human desire for it can turn all of this. into a toxic waste land like this. this is love pomponne in the buffer zone of the pot to national reserve it's part of more than 100000
9:15 am
acres of rainforest improved that have been decimated by an illegal gold rush. to investigate techno travel deep into prove to a region called bonded videos the mother of god it's one of the most biodiverse areas on the planet and the source of 70 percent of the illicit gold produced each year in peru brought a flight into the area called mighty strong look out the window actually all ready . to. be arrived at. the region's capital in a gold mine. is going on. an estimated 30000 illegal miners work in modern day that the us chances are you might find some of them here to so much gold were by equipment i stopped into one of the shops to look around at
9:16 am
a place called amazon gold and right we walk in and there's a sign this is going to order me about gold and as i exchanged my money there was a little scale right in front of me still had some gold dust on it from past exchanges but the sign was removed as soon as our camera was spotted. for the moment who is also a place in transition while many of its roads are still dirt paths the new intrusion of highway his opened up the area to the wider world people come from all over the country to work the goal feel secure. luis fernando is director of the carnegie amazon mercury ecosystem project he's been studying gold money toxic legacy in the amazon since 2000. so now miners have better access to the remote force they can get their equipment there everything's easier because of that how if everything's easier it's essentially part of the perfect storm that is mother. so
9:17 am
not only do you have a brand new highway that makes transport easier you have record high gold prices and the preexisting condition of extreme poverty. tell me about this illegal gold mining what is a process where really on the edge between the amazon and the andes and erosion over millions of years has worn down the rocks of the andes which are gold rich and all that sediment has washed down the river. next stop a mining area near look pumpa but that can be dangerous for an outsider. the only way into this spot is on the back of a motorbike. the going is tough. and what. makeshift bridges don't always hold up. as we get closer to trees give way to something hard to grasp.
9:18 am
impossible to put into words. so where we are now should be rain for the rain but the forest is missing having done so much work in the areas that have prestigious rainforest it really pains me to see this the only way to get a handle on the devastation is to understand how illegal miners get to the gold. they start by clearing the trees so the process is one that's very very primitive. you use high pressure water hoses and blast it out of. the water dissolves the soil removing anything in it that's organic you concentrate it using
9:19 am
sluices which kind of looks like a slide where you run a slurry of the sediments over carpets which captures the tiny flecks of gold that you find in the sediments the process can turn primary rain forest into this in a matter of days. some this is president of a small community of miners who work them on one river nearby even she was disturbed by the level of destruction other miners had done to this land. and that the. better they quantify it or not but mining does more than strip of forest bare miners bring in mercury to extract those tiny flecks of gold. mercury has a very unique characteristic of binding with gold forming an amalgam. for a minor it's almost like magic if there's any question as to whether or not this area was contaminated with mercury the answer is right here.
9:20 am
in the film amazon gold documented miners working with mercury at a mine deep in the rain forest people are stepping in to mercury people are stepping into that mix of sediment mercury and water and stopping on it like you would grapes. because you need all those little pieces of gold to touch the mercury to be able to capture it manu any miner john valdez works with mercury almost every day he is north korea it's just that. it will. stick it to a new competitor but i don't know. and i don't have the money. to look at it it was ok for you don't know yet that the. miners can also be exposed to mercury vapors that's because once they extract their malcolm they have to burn off the
9:21 am
mercury to get to the gold so these miners are touching mercury they're breathing mercury one of the health effects so the top american way that these miners are exposed to is extremely toxic especially when you breathe. in starts to affect that liver kidneys the digestive system and starts to affect the central nervous system. today the money miners aren't working because of the rain but john bubba's showed the equipment he used just 2 days ago to burn mercury off a piece of gold. everything we've been saying it's for this is about 3 grams of gold which translates into $100.00 which the average worker here could make in about 3 days. that's a lot of money in modeler that the average farm worker makes less than $200.00 a month that lure of gold is changing the face of the amazon as jungle is replaced by mining camps like this magnets for crime underage prostitution and poverty.
9:22 am
symbols of gold at any cost. in 2013 hunting images of the toll illegal mining had taken on the proving amazon went viral. the video was taken by the carnegie airborn observatory a high tech plane developed by gregg as nerve from the carnegie institution's department of global ecology. what is it about these mining activities that are so destructive from let's say from an environmental perspective 1st gold miners not only remove the forest to go down below the soil surface down into what would be called the mineral soil below the biologically active part of the soil so deep in the soil that there isn't a science to tell us that there's forest could ever recover. the devastation
9:23 am
exposed from above was dramatic but it was also only part of the story the aircraft but south fitted with all sorts of cool technology but how did you use some of that technology to 0 in on what was happening in terms of gold mining yeah one of the key technologies on board the plane is a laser imaging system and what it does is we fire laser beams out of the bottom plane the lasers can penetrate all the way down to the forest floor and so what we end up doing is we end up imaging the forest in very high fidelity 3 d. most of the work that have been done on this gold mining problem was using satellites that see some of the larger mines we started finding that there was a much larger contribution from thousands of small mining operations that weren't known and suddenly we had a problem to report the rate of gold mining expansion tripled after the 2008 lobel recession if you are on
9:24 am
a typical amazon river the forest seems like it's intact all around you but this is that same river that we just were on in the boat. when we peel the forest back we reveal the ground which is shown on the right here and what we see here are gold mining operations by and large they're said back from the. river's edge so that they are being executed clandestinely the observatory also has a one of a kind spectrometer which can detect chemicals in the forest below including mercury our system is unique that it can measure 420 channels of light all at the same time from the ultraviolet to the visible part of the spectrum that we see in to the infrared into the shortwave infrared its ability to do that gives us access to a key scientific breakthrough which is the ability to measure chemicals in the
9:25 am
environment because chemicals shine in different wavelengths of the spectrum. this video from the observatory shows one of the large mining areas in the tunnel part a buffer zone here's how the spectrometer sees that same mining area so where it's blood red that's where the mercury pollution is the most intense so it's basically like a signature of contamination of severe contamination and then these blue areas are porous that have no mercury in them and these are also illegal mining activities these large cleared areas all of this is illegal while the spectrometer can see mercury contamination from the sky luis ferdinand is studying where mercury goes on the ground. where else is mercury and up because the mercury is dumped into the rivers and lakes then gets into the food chain bacteria in the water convert the mercury into something even more talks in order gannett compound called
9:26 am
methylmercury which is easily absorbed in the digestive system mercury unlike many other pollutants magnifies every time it goes from one link in that food chain to the next so a fish at the top of the food chain in a contaminated region can have mercury levels millions or tens of millions of times higher. then the water in which they swim where does that fish end up in many cases it ends up on the dinner plate of people that live hundreds of miles downstream of . the east for the numbers and his team attested hair samples of more than a 1000 people throughout the model of the the u.s. more than 75 percent had levels above the limits considered safe by the environmental protection agency some as high as 33 times the limit. to focus. mostly. one only has
9:27 am
a legal case because. they. can look at this. time if you can very little but. over time mercury impacts the central nervous system it could cause problems with vision hearing and memory at high levels it can cause brain damage to unborn babies if you talk to minors you say hey this is a problem how do they usually respond usually they don't believe us they don't see the immediate effects because the type of exposure that you see here is a chronic one. by 2012 the price of gold was over $1500.00 an ounce in illegal mining had eaten away more than 100000 acres of proven rain forest in madrid videos alone. the
9:28 am
proven government decided to get tough troops went into mining areas and camps and equipments the strikes were part of a more type wrong strategy according to her and that's today's lunar a former advisor to proves ministry of the environment the study g involved police operations and the prosecution. of the worst offenders and it involved. financial intelligence to connect the dots in follow the money and see who are the big bosses the crackdown led to violent clashes between miners and police but it didn't stop illegal mining they sent in the military thousands of police what impact to that it's been a very temporary fleeting. it's so profitable that you can loose cover $1000000.00 in machinery and 2 weeks later joined back in business it is that profitable this
9:29 am
strategy also includes a process of legalizing some mining operations outside of protected areas but only if miners can prove they have proper permits and a plan to deal with the environmental impact it is impossible for many of them and that's the other part if people are never going to be able to be formal you want to tell them and start dealing with the. techno also visited prue's ministry of the environment in lima so there is this formalization process how are the miners responded to this in some way well in some way or not so would because surely it is more easy to work outside of the world for because it's more a trip that is why we need to have very clear ways for little describe to me these interdiction to crack down on some of these areas how was it how does it go in some way good but on the other hand which is very difficult to maintain that kind of interdiction because we cannot do it every day so sometimes we pull out these
9:30 am
people from the 4 b. and so on in 2 or 3 weeks there are coming back to the same place why can't you do it every day why can't you come back every 3 weeks because they are also you do see some ways to our boy that interdiction mischler for example in some places in the tumble buffer zone they were there were. by night pump is inside the tumble part of buffer zone it has been the target of more than one military interdiction yet our cameras caught this current mining operation at the pompa in broad daylight many of the real notable remains are allies of my new drug of the corruption in the air not on the tory want to grow by seeing the fulfillment of their role in the service we need to show to good people but there was subsidies ne they for miserably failed to put enough sheen even small parts of the into the start the the government
9:31 am
self approved at the moment of a total abandonment of the ne should i left the ministry over 6 months ago wanted to leave the ministry i live the ministry because of a but. from government in terms of environmental standards they approved a new law that weakens the ability of of the ministry of environment to both create protected areas in go after a moment of visions i was there to help not to be part of recent soil left techno also traveled into the hearts of the tumble pot to national reserve it's a place so protected that we had to register at to control stations on the way. yet even the part guards seemed overwhelmed. no. no us at least him but i asked him what. we saw miners working the river just a short distance away from the 2nd control station yuri torres was our guide on
9:32 am
this journey into the reserves he now makes his living by helping people experience the breathtaking beauty of the rain forest as he knows the rain forest so well he spots a saddleback tamarind monkey with a baby on its back during our interview but torres used to make his living off the jungle. as a gold miner when i was there the my there you don't really care about the forest 03 torres's father and his brothers still make their living as illegal gold miners and you talk to them about the dangers about the environment yes they do it's a big big deal do you worry about your father and your brothers as minors yes yes they do or 11 real ones where family if they don't mind what i did. was very sad it's beyond words we are talking over some of the most biological a diverse forests there are places where you could spin to for our
9:33 am
worse what she just what's taking place in one branch of one tree in the way the light of the sun shines some different things as time passes by in the school way. become bitter because of that i am absolutely convinced the human beings of a right to nature makes a stronger. so phil you've traveled a lot and done a lot of research in that region but this was the 1st time that you had seen this and been to these areas how did it affect you emotionally i've seen it from the plane and you tell my flying to this area and i've always heard about it but to actually see it firsthand was unbelievable really made me want to do something and make sure that people know how big of an issue this is i have to tell you to feel i
9:34 am
mean just learning about this strikes a very emotional cord for me too because this is my part of the world not peru but bolivia and bolivia is part of this equation here i mean there is a lot of mining activity gold mining in bolivia as well but the issues that are going on with the magnitude of the illegal activity in peru has been spilling over into bolivia so there's a lot of gold contraband that's going through people to get water and we're getting export it kind of under the radar which is really really crazy it's a huge issue about cars about 3 $1000000000.00 an ounce of gold going through believe you huge amount is this similar to or more complicated than say blood diamonds like as a consumer what can i do to make sure i'm not contributing to the problem if i wear gold jewelry you know the advantage of the diamond problem it is just this dress to go on the ground but you can actually track it down and you can figure out based on its chemistry where it came from with gold it's a lot more difficult to do because
9:35 am
a lot of the gold gets exported it gets all melted together so you could have gold from prove mixed with gold from croatia and all of that could make a necklace found that story really opened my eyes so thank you for that really sobering but important be sure to check this out next time during techno is we bring you more stories from the field of science dive deep into these.


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on