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tv   The Truth In Numbers  Al Jazeera  November 19, 2019 1:32am-2:01am +03

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to clear protesters who are rallying for a 2nd day in the capital tbilisi thousands of protesters gathered near the parliament building demanding an early election but angry that parliament failed to pass planned electoral reforms which would see full proportional representation. russia's foreign ministry says 3 ukrainian naval ships that were seized last year have been returned to gun boats and a tugboat to a taken in the coach straight between mainland russia and crimea which moscow an extreme ukraine 5 years ago hand over is another step in efforts to end the 5 year conflict in eastern ukraine coming up the data journalist using hand drawn sketches to break down mainstream misconceptions is truth is it anyway is up next it's watching see to us by phone. in china cancer drugs can be pretty bit of leeks pensive some desperate patients travel to india to buy cheap generic versions but
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what cost $1.00 when aced follows those smuggling to survive on out 0. 00 s. . was. my name is mine to tell it be and i'm a data journalist my job is to find numbers in all sorts of different places and then turn them into images that people will understand and connect to. i always try to think of ways to connect the subject matter with the visualisation itself so that people can automatically see what the data visualisation is all about. if it's about me copies being finds in france outdrawn a copy and if it's about the k.k.k.
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i will draw a k.k.k. hood it is about sleep odors sleepy face is about the greek economy taking a dive then i'm going to draw a diver i hope that by creating handwritten illustrations it doesn't alienate people it doesn't make people feel like i'm not smart enough to understand this which is a big problem with i would say traditional dates jonathan so when i create an illustration i don't just assume that because i understand other people understand and i share that illustration with people who don't work in my field whatsoever to you tomorrow about that you know share it with my mom sometimes and ask them whether or not i get it and that really really in phones how i work and very often their response is this doesn't make sense to me and then i have to go back to square one. i think one of the things that has in fact. my bet is that. it's because the language in the way that it was written so inaccessible and i think that's one of the things that interests me about numbers.
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is the language she's more accessible to range of people. i think china's incredibly elitist and i think part of the success of far right news outlets is speaking a different language even if it's a language of misinformation even if it's a language that is not grounded in fact it is a language which is not touch and i think that speaks to people in their own language and that's incredibly effective. i've been crying in the street. i've been doing this now for 5 years. 5 years and spent. i kind of know how to do the 101 stuff now and i know how to
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scan stuff and i know how to color it i have no idea how to paint and i thought i would give it a try it's just quite. a big 1st try. this study came out early release year about representation in our boat and it kind of quantified the lack of diversity in a really really spectacular way so they looked at the museum collections of 18 major u.s. museums and they found that 75 percent of all of that in those museum collections was made by whites and so in the foreground this painting there are $100.00 figures and $75.00 of them white men so in the background there are $189.00 additional thinkers and there are women and people of color that need to be added to the art scene for it actually represent the population as a whole. the title of the work is called who you hate to see. him and you know that he was really relevant. i worry that without evidence and data
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sometimes there's too much of an emphasis on the individual right so one person saying one thing and then one person saying something else and i think one of the powerful things about dates is the end laus you to focus on the issue rather than the individual and that can potentially be quite empowering. in addition to this painting which uses us states i really wanted to do something about you k. our space is so there are 3416 artists in the tapes permanent collection as of the last time that they published their data and over those 3416 just 521 a women and so my 1st date after after analyzing all of that was to create this kind of simple chart and on the horizontal axis is the year that the artist was born and then the y. axis the percentage of all of those artists that were men or women and what you see over time is that there is some progress so if we had equality right they would just be a. and you would just see 50 percent men and 50 percent women at any given year.
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and the idea of doing the trip right thing if it shows that men are kind of encroaching on women's space or like women's territory. yeah so i'm going to try and do it for a painting. i get my it's a different place is the kind of fall into a broad categories really one is responding to things that are happening in the news so being part of an existing conversation that's already happening. lived experience can often affect which stories from the news i perceive as being taken on so it's been to palestine of been. and i felt like what i saw they didn't necessarily wasn't necessarily what were selected in the news coverage so i was reading and i feel like it's a topic that could potentially lend itself well to good day to journalism and so that's something that i might take on that is again informed by my own personal
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experiences. i think i should have said injuries i think i should have done something to. the other one is kind of starting a new conversation so i ask people to send me ideas that they have about things that really matter to them so i'm often checking my d.m. my email and just looking at the things that people care about and verify it comes from their own personal experience as well as o.b.e. like a schoolteacher from one part america where the public school system is being defunded that i'm not aware of and those questions are my only surly comes to me because they're not part of my lived experience but i think that they really important questions. i misspoke 5 years ago and i'm still just a mother that from the same woman in that country in terms of my paperwork and it was just a really really scary time. and i don't think it's in
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a scary time. there is a great sense of islamophobia in america right now and one of the narratives about that is that muslims post sure it's a threat to the country distances 60 data suggests differently date suggest actually white terrorism is the biggest threat to america at the moment that guns are huge start to american public safety and so i often think about the areas of misinformation that people have and some one but attempts to directly address that .
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i think it's often the most probable groups in society that are affected by fake news whether it's muslims in america are refugees you are being portrayed as like benefit cheats and wanting to come here just to steal money get really really finds me but really frightens me. the. thank you know me
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a good. song list the oldest oldest or the. is just a lot. you wish you were in basically the power to live is that because i was this is when i 1st started working i was just illustrating them and photographing them and posting them as is but my later work like this is about this was for thanksgiving it was about the number of babies are born relative to the number of hurricanes but like as an illustration it doesn't on the moon it doesn't really make sense as a chart and so i think that's one of the evolutions that people see of like charts that make sense and then charts that eventually don't you know i mean like i want to figure out the spacing of a little barrier we should try on them yet and then starts watching the market. part of the purpose of crank handle illustrations i want people to look at and question the illustration they see in front of them because the truth is that there is a high degree of imprecision in in data rate there is something to be said. for that
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and understand that for every statistic that you see the truth lies somewhere within the parameters around that number 2 is funny i think even this one right here which did really really well this is one of the like more successful ones i think this one i got the number slightly wrong so it's photoshop in the final version so like the bars a little bit so i don't mean affect the value of it it's actually just like brought there's your process in that you like double checking numbers over here. and honestly getting it wrong the time i feel like it's important to be transparent about that. yeah i think so all of those. oh my god there's so much to do one of the best things about doing the dates journalism i do is that i will publish. or deaths from aids and i will show george bush kind of presiding over this period and in all of the comments will be people that will be talking about all the factors that contributed to the visor
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aids beyond the government kind of turning a blind eye to it and so read as a concert make holding me accountable and saying these are the things that you're going right and these are things that you're getting wrong and the smaller your readership the fewer people are able to hold you to account i want to reach a really big group of people partly because i want to get it right and they don't have humans so really get it right with more in an echo chamber and speaking turn him around. i think pushed back a little bit of the idea that frankness is something new there's always been this information there's always been deliberate misinformation i think the word fake news implies intention and i think there are a lot of journalists who are trying to do a good job who are contributing to that look at the coverage of the u.s. election and the response was we didn't get it wrong the public misunderstood. and i think the part the reason why there is so much misunderstanding about that is
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because gemma's on sanctioning there's an 80 percent chance this person when they are sanctioned this 84.9 percent chance and that is complete misinformation they are selling you a lie about the precision of their work we don't know the weather to that degree of accuracy we don't know election outcomes to that degree of accuracy so if the public didn't understand you filed and you didn't hold up your hands and say we got it wrong and there was just an unwillingness to do that that was really frightening to me when i was hired by the guardian we had a conversation are we going to cover the us election by making a prediction and i thought very very very strongly that the role of data journalism is not to forecast people's behavior is to understand the now is to use the past and the present to be able to inform people so that they can make informed decisions themselves about how they want to vote it's not to tell them this is what you will do before you do it and said we spend the entire election right now column skeptical polling where we would talk about why polling and its limitations and why
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it was so often incorrect and i'm proud of the fact that we did. i think people can often conflate polling with data journalism. it actually comes to be such an intense part of states journalism which which worries me it worries me even when it's not about forecasting people's behaviors because i think polling is fundamentally flawed i think using a 1000 people to represent a population of 320000000 people isn't a good idea it's just fundamentally imprecise. i think even if you're not necessarily even an interest in the east like dates or affects every part of your life right if you don't have access to good dates how are you able to greater importance say this is why should be paid and so informing
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people how they can go out and collect the numbers themselves they're relevant to their lives or they can be their own advocates is really really important and i think that that perspective is massively informed by my background you know in chicago where other people were campaigning for book iraqi refugees and i.d.p.'s made it and actually those iraqi refugees and internally displaced people should have been in the room speak for themselves rather than speak never. selling international security the goal is to go and see enjoying the united nations i worked means national organization for migration to iraq office and i was looking at statistics about what people in the country needed but later when i went last time with you was it was not the place that i left the toll it was completely different not always safe there then but even then this is a bit better this is not much different but we took one car journey where we going
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to the car from him way with staying in we went to have some kind of meeting or something and then by the time. of the same building and the building had been completely bombed oh you know when you've been bombed 10 minutes of after. here all of the headlines about all of the migrants crossing by the water and then we told me that one of our. yes hey when he nearly lost his life i think it was horrific where he went to throw this is why ok to show you know. so i went to iraq and i think i took the photographs on my 1st ever visit to the country i'd never been before and it was my mom's 1st time of returning to the country since she left in her twenty's and so it was just very very bizarre to see this place that like was always. an imagined place was imagined it was just kind of present in our household but not present in our household and yeah i guess taking
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photographs was a really important way of making it feel real because it was quite surreal to be there and then what i did which i did recently altered the photographs to show statistics about the country i didn't know so one of the issues with traditional dates journalism chart is that you don't see any humanity in it you don't see any people it just feels so. cold and so one of the updates visualizations i did based on iraq was showing how life expectancy has changed over time i literally took a photograph of my mom standing in the garden of the house that she grew up in and digitally altered it so i adjusted to high as life expectancy in iraq has changed because i didn't want someone to see a bar this big and then see a pilot smaller and think ok so iraqis live a few years less i want them to see a woman and know that a shorter life expectancy means a few years of her living with her family it means. it means few years of her being
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able to support her family is a real person. and i still think that using photography into its journalism could be a really powerful way to do it. i really really in that process looking back at the photographs now i think they're really terrible but you know it's my 1st step in creating this kind of a thing. that is a great tiger. i would be proud of that tiger today yet i'm going to take folk that's how tiger should be drawn as an inspiration. 63 johnson my. 60. 3 christmas signing. returns. 29. next extinction. the on.
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the earth the earth the earth the earth the earth yes. the for once you ready to start if you can type in this you are out. to. sign this this is a really really simple spreadsheet in some ways and less important ways is about the titanic it's like from the passenger list of everyone that was on the titanic and very often when an opening spreadsheets like especially ones create by large institutions the columns at the top seem to make no sense they're just like a weird series of like letters and numbers and that's because someone else on the internet is a code that you have to use to kind of decipher some of these things so it's really important if you try to find a code book that can help you to decipher what those numbers may necessarily just give up. so i think
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a lot of people feel healthy skepticism when it comes to numbers that. they don't necessarily feel empowered to understand how to take apart that number they just think ok i have to trust it or not trust and there's my kind of middle path and i think that's a really bad way to work so i not only want people to understand how i reach my conclusions i also want them to feel empowered to repeat those steps for other pieces of information so if i showing them how i can fact check a kind a politician has made a name when they hear another claim are able to repeat those steps and check out for themselves and also state like one of the things that's so exciting about data is that you are able to be very transparent in ways that you might not be for other types of journalism so investigative journalism sometimes you just. obviously always always are going to sources of data. so now straightaway we're starting to see a story right the probability of surviving is much higher in 1st class compared to that class compared to. the now. just
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it's just a thing yeah yeah ok great state doing getting it's good it's good to experiment you know i mean about the labels on things like it's like yeah i mean accusing me and. you think you can do some of his policies a lot of. anyway but it's quite easy to like. i like that that's really cool i thought i'd just talk you through a few different like techniques this is some multiples i love some most pros and i feel like it's something that you guys can think about so this was something about cases of measles and again look each each one of these babies is a year i could have just as easily had a pipe shop i saw i want to show a baby this is more fun of it is covered in sports but also allows you to kind of like my device is this idea of kind of firing the subjects with the thing. it's interesting to me as well how when split younger i think they have quite a good relationship with math because they are able to understand how they reached the final number right part of the way that people suddenly become disenchanted with mass is that it doesn't make sense anymore right you're not able to follow
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those steps and with good data journalism it's literally a case of saying this is the number of crimes that were committed this is the population and this is how i calculated the rate and people can repeat those steps for themselves and see exactly how you reach a conclusion and that's really empowering it shows readers that you're on the same level playing field if i can do it you can do it too which is a really great message to have in general isn't. really a phrase. i
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am sure the field skeptical about most of the data sets i see because in every single case i'm not in that date set. arabs are not on any data sets by and large that are connected in in america so i have always perceived myself or the other and i don't see myself in the states and even in this point i spend 4 months creating arabs are the other and i think that informs your whole outlook on the world when view are in that dataset and it makes me fundamentally skeptical any makes me fundamentally concerned about collecting more accurate and better information about the world around us. i just want to take action coming back to the senate races man i'm going to ask thank you for watching trackers mass jury and hear our nation's history that's on actually now on
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a thanks i think really ever describe myself as a conscious and henry insisted on doing x. only 1st one of these illustrations i saw how big this rack is this isn't even one of them now i think it will come through using that word which is in support of this man to say we give which is who gets to kind of put themselves in and start our space yes i drink because of the really miserable joke i hate it when i felt like i was really respected and i'm actually just started during the week just to kind of stay sane and nice insanity and tracy. a nice when you're struggling to find out what the truth is it's really helpful to have something like mine as well as just based in like spreadsheets and day just to tell you that she has cable and there's a way to isn't that much power i think she's when he said the community will be the issues that generally get left out today just.
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to look at the fact that mona just deals in something that's just rocks or a. good look you know in a well where which is bizarrely devaluing the truth. and the fact that it's beginning to become the norm which is you know terrifying. and that trump but now it's weird speak and it feels that trump is winning. so for people to come along and just say look here's the facts here's the truth i mean this isn't spun it's just it is what it is it's just so important. dates are very often replicates the systems of power that already taste maybe they ignore them. as actual people maybe they ignore tiny religious and ethnic minorities and i think a big part of the future of state's journalism a big part of the future of fact checking is journalists going out and creating their own data sets and that's incredibly difficult to do it's incredibly expensive
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right now but that again might be changing but i think it offers are some really exciting opportunities to break apart from those systems of power and to collect data in a way that better represents different communities. every war leaves a devastating impact on mr parsons earthrise explore some of the efforts to recover what was lost from the syrian scientists safeguarding one of our most valuable resources these are important southpaws that we have to make sure there are surviving to the refugees striving to co-exist with nature ok so what's going on there simulating what happens when an elephant comes life after conflict on al-jazeera.
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white supremacist violence is on the rise in america he was about in this whole underground network hate full time speaks to the victims of recent attacks when he shot me i turned around and he were killed my daughter and asks how an ideology of loathing has found its way into the mainstream can you trawled through line between the rhetoric of president trump in the conservative media in america to what happened here in el paso license to hate on al-jazeera.
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this is al-jazeera. and i'm fully back to believe this is a news hour live from my headquarters in doha coming up in the next 60 minutes the establishment of israeli civilian settlements in the west bank is not per se inconsistent with international law the u.s. says it no longer considers israeli settlements on palestinian land illegal. hong kong police warn protests.

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