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tv   BBC World News  BBC America  March 11, 2014 7:00am-8:01am EDT

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hello. i'm geeta guru-murthy with "bbc world news". our top stories. interpol named two passengers who boarded a missing malaysian airliner using stolen passports. both iranian nationals. >> neither were reported stolen or were listed in interpol's data bases. >> they are voted to declare independence. they will ask to join russia if it is approved at the
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referendum. european and american officials will discuss possible sanctions against russia as they could be imposed as early next week. viktor yanukovych says he is still in charge. >> as soon as the circumstances allow me, i'm sure it will not be long. i will be back in kiev. >> and it's not just clowning around. students in britain can take a degree in circus skills. enter approximate poll has named two men who boarded the missing malaysian airliner using stolen airports. both iranian nationals. one an 18-year-old, the other aged 29. these images have been released the last couple of hours. the search for the plane goes
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on. it's now been widened from its last known location over the south china sea to include the straits of malaka. interpol's head general says the pair were unlikely to have any links with terrorism. >> neither of these iranian passports were reported stolen or were listed in interpol's databases. therefore any agency comparing he's passports comparing against the database would not have had a hit. >> 239 were on board the flight. malaysian police say the iranian was most likely trying to migrate to germany. that's one of the men. >> the one we have identified is an iranian by the name of
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pouria, nour, mohammed, mehrdadi. he's 19 years old. and he is an iranian. we believe he is an iranian. we have been checking his background. we have also checked in with other police organizations on his profile. and we believe that he is not likely to be a member of any terrorist group. and we believe that he is trying to migrate to germany. >> well, that was the malaysian
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head of police that we saw a little earlier. our correspondent is in kuala lu lu lumpur. it says there might have been something tracked on the whereabouts of the plane. but that cannot be confirmed yet at all, could it, jennifer? >> no, not at all. here just outside the airport, we haven't opinion notified when the next press conference will be. so far what told us is they have tphoupd to sign of wreck apbl or any other distress signal or sign of aircraft after it left their prepared about two hours into the flight towards beijing.
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if this report is true it will take malaysian authorities a while to confirm. officials here we have slow in trying to reveal information partly because they are trying to be very cautious. because as they say, they are trying to protect the family members to make sure they are not reporting any unconfirmed reports that they have asked a lot of people to avoid speculation, spreading rumors and to only rely on their information and not others's. there have been rrts of signs of day debris. authorities urged everyone to be cautious when the information does not come from them. >> jennifer, we have had this information out of an interpol news conference and of course
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the earlier police news conference. how significant is that being seen as? because it is steered firmly away from any sort of terrorism link. although they are still looking at potential hijacking, sabotage, personal and psychological problems. that could he mean about that? >> malaysian officials are still looking at a wide range of pants. they have widen the search. this is troubling for family and friends who have loved ones on board. they're still waiting for answers. it must be stressful to be hearing the reports time and time again. at first there was a lot of focus on the fact that there were two passengers on board
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that had gone on with stolen european passports. at least one of them have been ruled out a as any possibility of having terrorist links. hossein, we have heard the two people. you have seen extra information. >> yes. yesterday a young man contacted us, contacted some of of our journalists in the bbc newsroom, claiming he has information on the two passengers that used stolen passports and got on the plane. we talked to him. and he claimed that one of them was actually his high school friend. before he traveled to malaysia,
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this young gentleman in kaula lumpur find this on tpaes did. did t however, they spent time together, especially the night before they took the flight. he drove them. this gentleman who talked to us. he drove them to the airport. he told us how in his apartment one of the two young men actually dyed his hair to make himself look like the picture in the stolen passports. he also provide us with a phone call from his mother. i called her. talked to her. she wouldn't concern or deny it.
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she was very distressed. kwoupld comments on tpaes book page kind of makes you believe she is the mother and she believes her son might have been on the plane. >> it's very important. the bbc cannot perfect for sure any of this. but audible it does tie in with other reports we are getting out of the region? >> yeah. for example before we heard from them, he actually told us that the name of the other person named resol as they called him. >> we will have to leave it there. thanks very much indeed. we're going to move on to some of the top stories this hour.
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crimean parliament voted to declare independence. it will ask to be part of russia if approved in a referendum. it all comes as they are due to meet shortly in london for tougher sanctions against russia. our correspondent is in kiev for us. the diplomat theic moves the last couple of hours with the europeans trying to ratchet up the pressure. yet the crimean parliament said, look, this is what's going on pap this is what will happen. >> perhaps more hand that, saying regardless of tpheuf referendum, they made the decision and the skwreugz decis
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follow russia. the secretary of state john kerry was hoping to travel to moscow to meet the russian president vladimir putin. we heard from the foreign minute city in russia that russia really wasn't interested in the proposals being put forward by the united states to have try to have negotiated solution to the crisis in crimea. what relation said was didn't te again, talks about ultra nationalists who seized power in kiev and is not -- will not at this point sit down at the table to talk with the government at kiev. it's a very difficult situation. underlined by the prime minister who is traveling today to washington. will pete president obama on
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weapons. he said he had been trying five days to call his counterparts. medvedev. he had been trying to call him for five days now and he said he is not taking his calls. at this point russia is not prepared to talk. >> if crimea joins russia, is the thought that will be enough for moscow? i interviewed one ukrainian mp in the last hour who said there have been reports of some sort of action going on, paratroopers being seen in the eastern ukraine. do we have any information at all about what's happening there? >> reporter: no, nothing specific on that. certainly it's what people have been concerned about all along, talking about the possibility that russia's ambitions respond
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beyond crimea to eastern ukraine. particularly those areas where there is a russian-speaking majority, donetsk. we have seen protests from pro russian groups. various moves to cut themselves away from kiev. so certainly an area of deep divisions and a lot of concerns for the tphaoeurts in kiev and those worried about their country being ripped apart stay with us here on "bbc world news". three years to come after the puke shaoe that disaster in japan, they are still living as evacuees. trying to stay fit but miss real pleasure?
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interpol named two passengers who boarded a missing malaysian airliner using stolen passports. both were iranian nationals. the crimean parliament voted independence saying it will ask to become part of russia if approved in a referendum this sunday. aaron makes an appearance this hour. >> i do. >> mark carney is being questioned by mps here in london. >> might be a grilling. let me explain. governor of the bank of england mark carney is facing tough questioning from uk lawmakers today. members of parliament on the influential treasury select committee expected to ask exactly what bank officials knew about the allegations that key prices on the london foreign exchange markets were kind of being manipulated as long as eight years ago. the bank of england has already suspended one employee and more
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than 20 traders. they have been either suspended or asked to leave. we will see what he says. bangladesh, the second largest garment exporter with $22 billion. it has been under pressure to improve factory safety after the 2013 cole lambs of the plaza which killed over 1,000 workers. a safety agreement signed by 20 countries led to factory inspections. it's at a slow start with 10 factories out of 5,000. there have been improvements including higher wages. bosses from three major european retailers will be speaking to uk lawmakers about their efforts. they have found substandard
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building materials and electrical cables chewed by rats. not good. three years ago a devastating earthquake struck japan and trigger aid tsunami that killed almost 16,000 people. it sparked the fukushima nuclear plant. germany will phase production by 2022. francois hollande said it will be cut by a third in 20 years's time. the uk remains committed to new nuclear power plants. so three years on what is the future of nuclear? could something take its place or one way europe can be too dependent on russian gas, russian energy? more on that throughout the rest of the day. follow me on twitter. you can find me @bbcaaron. >> thanks very much indeed. just picking up on what aaron
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was saying about fukushima japan marking three years since the terrible disaster, our correspondent rupert wingfield-hayes is in tokyo for us. rupert, you have been filming with incredible numbers of people still suffering as a result of that disaster. >> yes, there are. there are perhaps around a quarter million people still displaced from their homes, geeta, both from the fukushima nuclear disaster and the tsunami that destroyed so many small towns. over a stretch of 500 kilometer thes, many of those people three years on have not been able to go on. the towns around the nuclear plant are still completely off-limits because the radiation levels are too high. what starting to the see is a really pattern of people evacuated from the towns are
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starting to the die. this is the a really astonishing figure. evacuees have died since the disaster according to the government because of illnesses related to the disaster and related to their evacuation. so things like depression, anxiety, suicide, or simply losing the will to life. this is having a psychological impact on people who lost their homes, businesses and scattered to other parts of the japan. >> what about the plant itself? where are we on what's happening with that? >> well, it is a very long process. we're still right at the very beginning. i talked to a senior adviser to tokyo electric power today, an american adviser, and he told me that the situation is a great deal more stable than the last time he visited a year ago, that
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the reactors themselves are under stable cooling. the fuel inside reactor four, the one people have been very worried about, a large amount of fuel still in there is being removed safely, it appears. but there is one really big concern, and it's the amount of water, radioactive contaminated water being stored on the site. now half a million tons being stored there. something has to be done about that. he says it has to be processed and released into the ocean. but there is huge resistance in doing that. >> many thanks indeed. now, the seventh day of the oscar pistorius murder trial is under way in pretoria. the pathologist who performed the postmortem examination contradict a previous statement by pistorius over when the
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couple went to sleep on the night before ms. steenkamp was shot dead. the court is currently taking testimony for a friend of pistorius about previous shooting incidents involving the athlete. he is on trial for intentionally killing his girlfriend just over a year ago. he denies the charges. next, something very different. because we go to an institution that is came to go bring circus skills into the mainstream, at least here in the uk. the national center for circus arts will for the first name britain award a degree in circus arts. >> the circus is a theatrical experience. >> the circus is dangerous. >> creating a relationship with the audience. >> beautiful, intelligent, hard. how far can you push yourself? >> really, really different. >> so i'm a juggler. that's my specialization. that's my discipline.
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many use clubs. these are juggling clubs. i was always a quite hyperactive child. i was brought here to get some energy out. and i'm dyslexic so i was never good at academics. it feels like it is already starting at university. it is so exciting. it's just so exciting. >> what we are really trying to do here is grow a culture of circus in the uk. sit an art form that needs to be center stage. it gives us the recognition and brings us into the fold. it does actually cost a lot to train a circus artist. we have very generous sponsors
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which mean we have it available and we keep costs as low as possible. >> get back and look like you are just holding your pal. >> when you see the things that our students do, how they amaze people when they're performing, the joy and the wonder they create, that answers any critics. >> this is double cloud. it's my specialization. it's two ropes suspended in "u" shapes. i've always been a crazy physical person. like running around, climbing trees, jumping on stuff. you've got something physically challenging, which is a great feeling to be able to everyday do something so engaging for your body, as well as being able to perform. it's really great when you're in
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a show and someone goes, oh, that's disgusting, how can you do that? you can hear audible gasps and stuff. it's exhilarating and drives you. i have rope burns on my neck. >> friday night it's like let's go home and get in the bath. >> from performing humans to very clever creatures. elephants in the wild can-can distinguish between different human languages as well as between male and female voices. british scientists played recordings. it is something other animals haven't yet mastered. it helps to determine who is a threat and who isn't. always very clever creatures.
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a reminder of our top story before we go this hour. interpol named two passengers who boarded the missing plane using stolen passports. one age 18, the other 29. malaysian police say they believe one was trying to migrate to germany. it makes it less likely that the whole thing was a terrorist incident. before it even starts? what if i eat the wrong thing? what if? what if i suddenly have to go? what if? but what if the most important question is the one you're not asking? what if the underlying cause of your symptoms is damaging inflammation? for help getting the answers you need, talk to your doctor and visit crohnsandcolitisadvocates.com to connect with a patient advocate from abbvie for one-to-one support and education. (voseeker of the sublime.ro. you can separate runway ridiculousness... from fashion that flies off the shelves.
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hello. this is "bbc world news". >> our top stories. interpol have named two passengers who boarded a missing missing malaysian airliner using stolen passports. both were iranian nationals. >> neither of these iranian passports were reported stolen. or were listed in interpol's data bases. >> crimea will ask to join russia if this weekend's
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referendum decides for independence. officials will meet in london to discuss possible sanctions against russia. ukraine's ousted leader viktor yanukovych says he is still in charge. >> translator: as soon as the circumstances allow me i'm sure it will not be long. i will be back in kiev. and people in iran are hoping the persian new year will herald a time of change. we report from tehran. hello. interpol has named two men who boarded the missing malaysian airliner using stolen passports. both the men whose pictures have also been released were iranian nationals. one an 18-year-old, the other aged 29. the younger man was thought to
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be trying to migrate to germany. meanwhile, the search for the plane has of course been widened from its last known location over the south china sea to the west of the malay peninsula to include the straits of malaka. the pair of men who we have traced now who were traveling without legal passports, despite that, they were unlikely to have any links to terrorism. it is still a concern that people are traveling on stolen passports. >> there's been great, great speculation ever since it was revealed that the two passport holders were carrying passports reported lost or stolen. great speculation whether or not this was or was not a terrorist attack. and suddenly people seem to be concerned for the first time whether it is good or bad to allow people to travel the world using stolen passports.
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people began to understand how dangerous it is to have people travel the world using stolen passports. but already in the last 24 hours you see the story changing as the belief becomes more certain that these two individuals were probably not terrorists. the interest seems to be dying down because they must be people being smuggled or trafficked. from interpol's perspective, the fear or concern we should all have is more than a billion times each year there are people that cross borders or board planes without having passports screened against the interpol database. >> the head of interpol with me. frank gardner, we have the names of these two men. an appeal really for the public to stay focused and to help the investigation.
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>> one is that he is pretty much putting the nail in the coffin of the suspicion over terrorism with this. it's not completely gone, but, you know, all the flurry of interest over these two passengers why did they fly there, we now know the reason. their own passports didn't flag up any interests. they were genuine. once there they used stolen passports, austria and i tally passports, seeking economic asylum in probably germany and denmark. so that explains what they were doing. he used the press conference, though, to say, look, this is a wakeup call to the rest of the world about people traveling around the world. four out of ten passengers, he said, are using stolen or lost documents. this is an incredible security
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loophole. he pointed out that the first world trade center bombing in 1993, the bomber got into the united states using a stolen passport. the so-called white widow, i hate that cliche but anyhow he was the widow of one of the 777. she was using a stolen south african passport. and many other incidents. he is basically saying, look, we have this huge database. it takes 0.2 second to scan a passport on departures against that database. please do it, he is saying. >> some are raising a question whether there is a cost attached. >> there isn't. >> there isn't? >> not according to interpol. >> one other question as well. malaysian police say they were
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looking for sabotage, hijacking, psychological problems or problems with the crew.
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the nearest parallel i can think of was the air france passenger plane that disappeared on a flight from brazil to paris five years ago over the atlantic. it went down due to a catastrophic thunderstorm at high altitude. it went down without coverage. but then two or three days later, it started to appear. it took two years to get the flight recorder back. that was record from the ocean bottom. it was incredible they found it. now it is interesting that on the map there that we saw earlier they have shifted or expanded the search box to include a completely different part of southeast asia which just shows howedes pratt they are. >> are you being told it is possible for a plane to disappear like this without people noticing? i'm just thinking of edward snowden is saying everything we do is monitored. yet a plane disappears and we
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still don't know. >> i don't know. put it to him. see if you can ask him. >> thank you very much indeed. we have now got our correspondent in kuala lumpur jennifer pak on the line. jennifer, i don't know whether you can tell us whether there's been much reaction there to this press conference that we had super interpol where we saw pictures and the names released of the two people traveling on stolen passports. but a clear steer away from a terrorism motive. >> reporter: malaysian officials have identified one of the passengers. i don't believe he hosni links to terrorism. though they have not then identified the other person. but a lot of people here are too busy trying to verify information. it's been quite chaotic. because at times malaysian officials have been given us information but not really
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expanding on it. for example, today they have expanded the search from the south china sea further out west. and even further than they originally thought because of military radar records have shown that the plane was trying to turn back. now the plane was trying to go to another airport quite close to here. but still they were not able to explain further why that is. so information is trickling down here. it's been very frustrating trying to piece things together and figure out what it really means. what officials have said, however, is they have narrowed it down. they are looking for reasons why the aircraft has disappeared, including that it was hijacked, sabotage. also, as they put it, people on board may have had psychological or personal problems that may have caused the plane to veer off course. >> there was one report from reuters news agency that radar
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had detected something in the waters. has that been firmed up? any information at all on that? >> we do not have confirmation. and we're trying. but what malaysian officials has done is restricted the access in the terms of they are only allowing journalist toss really get information from officials in any kind of government department through the center here so they could centralize the information through the army, the navy, the civil aviation department, malaysian airlines so everyone can get the same information. but at the same time, that also means that you have unnamed sources like the reuters report who are guessing out details but then officials here are not willing to say much. as of today, we're not going to have any more press conferences. the next will have to be tomorrow. hopefully then malaysian officials will be able to address that. but i must say there have been a lot of reports in general about sightings of the aircraft,
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pieces of debris. and all of that malaysian officials have said it was not true. and they have cautioned people to be very sensitive to the families and friends who had loved ones on board, that they should only rely on information they do release and ignore the rest. >> the torment for them goes on. jennifer pak, many thanks indeed. other news today, and the crimean parliament has decided to declare independence. if its residents vote in a referendum on sunday to break away from ukraine and join russia. it comes as european and american officials are due to meet shortly in london to consider tougher sanctions against russia over its intervention in crimea. with me a former head of the bbc services and still editor here at bbc. we have had a number of o pieces of information coming in from the ukraine in the last hour. a lot of diplomatic activity. but essentially the crimea vote goes ahead on sunday.
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crimea joins russia. what then is the west able to do anything about it? or should they? >> well, there is a meeting on london on the technical level of directors from the eu countries from the united states trying to address exactly that issue. how effective that will be, the list of sanctions, the list of maybe assets, arrests or something like this of key russian officials involved, some of the ukrainian officials maybe on the list. how effective that will be we don't know. it may be too early to say. there doesn't seem to be any letup at all of this frenetic activity about declaring independence, putting the referendum together. the question that is offer to the voters in crimea don't give them any chance. the result is that crimea will be independent and will appeal for russian russia to be accepted. >> so it's not a yes/no vote?
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>> no. the way it is formulated leaves no space for people to say i want status quo. i want to be part of ukraine. >> and no independent observers? >> they have been trying three times. thief been trying to reach crimea three times. the the third time shots were fired. they will invite genuine observers. who those observers are, we don't know. i understand there will be a big moscow and russian delegation. >> eastern ukraine, has there been any activity there? is the thinking putin will stop? >> well, it's very, very difficult to say. there have been pro and anti demos in donetsk and other places there. so far the situation seems to be more or less under control under the central kiev authorities. today president yann coacher spoke just across the border saying i'm still the president. i'm alive. i will be back in ukraine when the conditions are right.
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he didn't explain about what the conditions are right. on the statement repeated quite a lot of things that were kim f coming out earlier. nazis in power. i'm the legitimate president. everybody should agree with me. >> many thanks indeed for joining us. oscar pistorius murder trial, the court heard more evidence from reeva steenkamp's postmortem report. findings contradict a previous statement by pistorius over when the couple went to sleep that night. oscar pistorius denies intentionally killing his girlfriend. nomsa is outside the courthouse. bring us up to date. what has happened so far today? >> reporter: well, despite the constant grilling from defense attorney barry roux, the state
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pathologist was adamant reeva steenkamp did have something to eat two hours before she died. that contradict thes the statements on car pistorius made when he was applying for bail. that does work for the prosecution because that is quite crucial. because it contradicts that statement. but after that we then heard from another character witness that was brought in by the prosecution. it is a friend of oscar pistorius, darren fresco. he told the court that he was with oscar pistorius when shots were fired at the restaurant in a restaurant two months before the model reeva steenkamp was shot. and also another incident where he allegedly fired a shot through the sunroof of a car because he was angry that a metro police officer had stopped him and asked him to put his gun away. and the kind of evidence that fresco is tell the court portrays oscar pistorius as an
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angry and reckless young man who is -- who uses guns recklessly and would go as far as making up lies just to protect himself. because fresco has told the court that after that gunshot was fired at the restaurant, oscar pistorius asked him to take the blame because there was simply too much media attention on him. >> it's been, again, a dramatic couple of days in court. is there still a lot of public attention focused on this trial? >> there definitely is a lot of public attention focussed on this trial. yesterday we saw an emotional oscar pistorius. they were giving graphic details of the injuries that reeva steenkamp endured. >> many thanks indeed. unicef says the last 12 months of the syrian war have been the
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this is "bbc world news". i'm geeta guru-murthy with the latest headlines. interpol have named two passengers who boarded a missing malaysian airliner using stolen passports. both were iranian nationals. the crimean parliament voted to declare independence, saying it will ask to become part of russia if a referendum approves breaking away from ukraine. >> unicef says the last 12 months of the syrian war have been the worst on children. 5.5 million are in need of assistance, more than double the figure of a year early. the agency warns it is worst for the 1 million children trapped in besieged areas.
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a spokeswoman joins us from amman in jordan. children obviously the most vulnerable. how much worse has it got in the last year? >> it has become pretty grim, geeta. the number of children in need have tremendous gone up. and we are really concerned about 1 million children not just in areas under siege but also in areas where it is very difficult for unicef to reach. so all in all, pretty grim picture. it highlights the suffering of the children and calls for an end of the suffering of these children. >> it is very important to remember that of course i know the report says behind every statistic is an actual child who has the right to life and happiness that we want for all of our children. one of the most shocking things
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is a video of an embryo shot in an x-ray picture after the mother was shot. >> this is a war claiming lives of children even before they are born. we had a conversation with doctors who confirmed for us that they have been targeting children, have been targeting pregnant mothers. children are losing, paying the heaviest price with their lives. 10,000 children have been killed. but we also have children falling in. polio recovering to syria after it has disappeared for 14 years. 3 million children out of school. pretty grim picture. amid all of that, geeta, it is important to know that the children we interviewed for this report showed a great amount of resilience. even children who have been
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injur injured. we interviewed a woman in jordan who was injured because her house was bombed. she have carried in her father's arms. she is now learning to walk on crutches in the camp and she is back in school. >> that is great news to see any progress. with people watching say, okay, i want to help. i'm not interested in the politics. i just want to help, unicef is able to reach 8% to do your job properly, what can people do? >> people can donate on unicef dot argue and help us vaccinate children, provide families about clean water. i think this is the least that one can do is to help these children and to help us put
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pressure on member states, back this. make 2014 the last year of suffering for the sake of children of syria and children of the region. >> juliette, many thanks. people in iran are preparing for the start of the persian new year. they are hoping the new year many bring some change. lyse doucet is in tehran. >> reporter: iranian markets are such a visual treat. just look at the colors that are on sale. the fragrance is wonderful of herbs and spices.
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prices have tripled. they are telling us they have to make due with the little they have. how are you? >> this is good luck. >> we see eggs on sale, the candles. >> exactly. we have tradition to put different kinds of things for the new year time. so we have fish, the goldfish, the egg. every single thing has a new symbol for us. for the coming new year to have happiness, love, goodwill for everybody. >> is it a time of happiness, goodwill and wealth in your home? >> i hope so. >> you are hopeful.
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iran is talking to the west about a nuclear deal, greater engagement. does that give you hope? >> of course. it is a new beginning for us. we are all positive towards this new change. >> how do you want your own life to change? we have a lot of new hopes. we have a lot of hope for your kids. we emphasize a lot for the generation. for our kids, we want them to have good jobs, good opportunities in life. >> are you worried for your children? >> they're doing okay. we hope everything will be fine. >> we hope so too. thank you very much. thank you. this is the kindness and friendliness that we see. i want to show you some more of
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the shopping. >> i'm happy. >> you're happy as well. thank you very much. you can see a mixture of modern things, objects that they are making now to celebrate those with the traditional. they have this ceremony. apple, garlic, sumac, a traditional spice. beautiful display. it is all meant to symbolize the beginning of something new. you hear it from so many iranians here. they want to start something new. but when life is difficult and some fear won't get better any time soon it is tempered with the realism that this is what life is like now. but it doesn't mean they still don't celebrate. >> lyse doucet there reporting from tehran. a reminder of our top story.
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interpol from shown and named two passengers who boarded the missing malaysian airlines plane using stolen passports. iranian nationals. one aged 18, the other 29. malaysian police say they believe one was trying to migrate to germany. and less likely that this was a terrorist incident. i'm geeta guru-murthy. bye-bye. ? ? what if i can't hide my symptoms? what if? but what if the most important question is the one you're not asking? what if the underlying cause of your symptoms is damaging inflammation? for help getting the answers you need, talk to your doctor and visit crohnsandcolitisinfo.com to get your complimentary q&a book, with information from experts on your condition. (voseeker of the sublime.ro. you can separate runway ridiculousness... from fashion that flies off the shelves.
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[ ship's horn blares ] what? [ horn continues blaring ] what?! [ coughs ] [ ship's bell ringing ] what?

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