tv BBC World News BBC America March 14, 2014 7:00am-8:01am EDT
? three years after the start of the syria conflict, we're live on the jordan/syria border examining the ever worsens plight of the millions of people who have had to flee the fighting. hello, everyone. day 7 since the disappearance of that malaysian airliner with 239 people on board. the search area had to be widened yet further. rescuers began their search in the south china sea. they have expanded that area several times. the first of the straits of malacca. now the u.s. said it is shifting focus towards the andaman islands and the indian ocean
after electronic evidence from ping signals from equipment on board the aircraft for several hours. the acting transport minister gave this update on the search. >> ladies and gentlemen, there's been a lot of media speculation today after comments from unnamed u.s. officials suggested the plane may have traveled for some time after losing contact. as is standard procedure, the investigation team will not publicly release information until it has properly been verified and corroborated with the relevant authorities. nor do we want to be drown into specific reports that unnamed officials have been made in the media. since sunday, we have worked closely with our international partners on the u.s. team as officials have been on the ground in kuala lumpur.
the international team are currently working on very fine detailed information. but we have nothing to confirm at this moment. widening of the investigation. the aircraft is still missing and the search area is expanding. two days ago the search area was widened to include the andaman sea. we are now pushing further east into the south china is sea and further into the indian ocean. we want nothing more than to find the plane as quickly as possible. but the circumstances have forced to us widen our search. a normal investigation becomes narrower with time, i understand. as new information focusing on the search. but this is not a normal investigation. in this case, the information forces us to look further and further afield.
>> further and further afield. let's go live to bbc jonah fischer at kuala lumpur airport. that area that extends north and west of the indian sea, what is it? >> the the reason he was giving in the press conference was simply they haven't managed to find anything in the existing area so it was a natural progression to reach outwards. there have been reports which haven't been confirmed by the authorities about signals being emitted potentially from the aircraft after the last radar plot was given in the south china sea in the early hours of saturday morning. as i said, it's not been verified, but we think that potentially it may have been the aircraft trying to communicate with a satellite for several hours after it is thought to have disappeared off the radar
system. that perpetuated this theory that the plane may have continued to fly four or five hours. the malaysians not confirming that yet. it's one of the theories being looked at by their investigation team. >> jonah, to the east in the south china sea, this report from a chinese university of some kind of seismic shock in an area where there wouldn't be any seismic activity. >> well, that's right. from the chinese side, they are certainly not giving up on these pictures which you will remember from yesterday which showed relatively large objects in the south china sea. here in malaysia, they have been widely discredited as a mistake. in china they believe they contain some potentially meaningful information. today was this news that a seismic event of some sort had been reported in an area relatively near to the flight back of hm370 in roughly the
right time on saturday. could that have been the plane hitting the water? could that will be the plane sinking to the bottom of the sea? we simply don't know. there are so many unknowns at the moment. seven days. it's really startling how little we have about this plane. the united states and russia are holding talks right now in london over the crisis in ukraine and particularly crimea. it is a last chance face-to-face dialogue for u.s. secretary of state john kerry and sergei lavrov before the hastily organized referendum in crimea. it will also the people of crimea whether they want to leave ukraine and join the russian federation. it's been widely condemned internationally. john kerry has already warned of very serious consequences. on his way to the encounter he
was asked what he had hoped to accomplish. >> expecting to have serious meetings to see if we could de-fuse the situation. we're working together in order to detect the integrity of ukraine. that's the objective. >> are you confident you can make progress? >> we're going to see where we are. >> john kerry entering 10 downing street for a meeting with the british prime minister earlier. let's go to paul evans outside the u.s. ambassador's on winfield park. paul, first of all, what are the prospects given certainly the russians won't even recognize and talk to the ukrainian leadership. >> you're right, nick. the prospects seem pretty bleak. there's a referendum that will happen on sunday. there's very little chance of that being postponed. others would like to see that happen. it is going to go ahead.
it's a referendum that frankly which ever way it goes will put crimea firmly back in moscow's orbit. as far as john kerry is concerned, that referendum is illegitimate. it is entirely legally fair. they compare it with the move supported by the americans for kosovo to break away from serbia. and so very little sign at the moment of a meeting of minds on that. i think perhaps what the americans want to do is to make sure that nothing gets worse afterwards. they want to make sure that the russianings aren't planning to annex the crimea. they are worried about these latest military maneuvers on ukraine's eastern border and the signs of turmoil in some of the eastern ukrainian cities which the fear in washington and here in london and elsewhere that could be exploited by moscow to further moscow's influence in eastern crimea. so those i think are the
practical efforts which perhaps john kerry and sergei lavrov can discuss. these two men know each other well. they have dealt with a whole other crises along the way. perhaps both men recognize that even though this referendum seems like a fate accompli they can make sure it doesn't happen after that. >> what about the united states and russia. here we are the third year to the day that the syrian conflict began. and the massive gap between the russian diplomatic position and the american position on syria. how much has that been sort of set to one side because of who is now happening in ukraine? >> it certainly feels as if it's been set to one side, nik. here we are, conquerry and
sergei lavrov, both intimately involved in the geneva talks. of course those geneva talks earlier this year resulted in deadlock. and there hasn't been any sign of progress since. he was asked whether he felt the crisis in ukraine made things worse in terms of the syrian peace process. what syrian opposition are frustrated about they feel in the wake of the collapse or near cole of the geneva, they have to send more arms on the opposition to level the playing field ahead of any further peace talks. that isn't happening. and i don't think there's much appetite for that at the moment. but frankly, ukraine is
obviously front and center. and that does mean that the syrian peace process, as we enter this fourth year of the syrian conflict, remains as deadlocked as it was before. >> paul adams outside the american ambassador's residence outside central london. we are expecting briefings in the next couple of hours. >> the nose gear on a us airways plane has collapsed on the run way at philadelphia airport. the landing gear failed forcing the the pilot to abort the takeoff >> six people killed in a knife attack in chinese city changsha. police have shot dead one suspect. the incident was triggered by a dispute at the market. >> the veteran british labor party politician tony benn died t age of 88.
the socialist who gave up a title to become a member of parliament. he was one of the most influential left wing figures in british politics of the late 20th century. he championed many caused, including unilateral nuclear disarmament. you're with "bbc world news". let's get the latest business. unemployment numbers in europe. >> that's right, nick. >> it's good news. >> there is some good news. eurozone unemployment numbers are out. for the first time in three years, we've got a positive number. employment in the zone edged up. wait for it. 0.1%, the last quarter of 2013. on a yearly basis it was down half a percent. greece released its data, and it was not a pretty picture. 27.5% of the country's working population is out of work. not only is that a new record by greek standards, it's also the highest in europe.
now, we're also looking at ukraine of course today, it's not only hovering on a political knife edge, it's in a desperate financial position as well. world markets are reflecting that anxiety. ukraine says it is ready to deliver change and they have been seeking financial aid for western dough norse. it could all take some time. the problems run deep in the country because it is still dealing with the legacy of its soviet past as it tries to embrace trade opportunities beyond russia. ukrainian officials say the country is nearing bankruptcy. and the head of the international monetary fund says the mission to gather data about finances was due to end today. it has now been extended to march 21st. they are expected to call for reforms as a condition of any long-term aid. also, president barack obama has promised $1 billion in loans to ukraine.
but that's not expected to be approved by congress for some time with republicans pushing their own aid bill that doesn't include russian sanctions or imf provisions. >> you're watching "bbc world news". i'm nik gowing. a report from the desert region of pakistan where steer drought has claimed the lives of more than 100. igent servers, designed by hp, will give ups over twice the performance, using forty percent less energy. multiply that across over a thousand locations, and they'll provide the same benefit to the environment as over 60,000 trees. that's a trend we can all get behind.
the u.s. confirmed it is shifting focus to the indian ocean. that's hundreds of kilometers northwest from the plane's last known contact. pakistan have confirmed that more than a million people have been affected by drought. children are good toeupbg ddyin starvation. as summer now reports. >> reporter: she is pregnant. she should be eating for two but she is starving. customers demand she feed her family first and eat what is left. but there has been no rain and that means no leftovers. while her mother-in-law eats once of the day, there is a thimble full of milk for her daughter, the only food she will get for the rest of the day.
she sets off in search for water. she will not be able to walk away from her fear. she tells me she had 20 goats but the drought has killed them all but one. she said what happens if the drought takes that one. how will i feed my daughter? more than 200,000 people are fleeing in desperation because the crops are dying and so are the animals. southern media attention on the issue brought on the abrupt arrival of the prime minister.
many hearsay the aid is needed now. doctors say hundreds have been flocking to the hospital for several months now. >> translator: malnutrition is a big problem. it's a problem all over this region. i say 250 people a day at this hospital. >> these problems are not going to go away with short-term solutions, particularly as temperatures rise and the drought gets worst and the scorching desert summer just two months away.
>> why were hundreds of children allowed to die still waiting for that one more sell that could have saved them. bbc news. now to syria. the conflict is one that neither diplomacy or fighting managed to end. three years ago to the day, protests marked the start of what has been a brutal civil wawa war. 145,000 have died. 9 million displaced. sunni rebels fighting government aligned minorities show signs of destabilizing the the entire region well beyond syria's
borders. so how deep now is the humanitarian crisis particularly in neighboring jordan to the south? well, torah is literally five kilometers south of the borders. yolanda nell spent time there. >> reporter: buying groceries at the supermarket give a taste of normal life. this safeway store is for syrian refugees. it has just opened in northern jordan. the shop accepts united nations food vouchers. as i walk him with gillette and his other son, he points out improvements. it bustles with activity. but he says life here remains tough. gillette and his neighbors all come from southern syria.
it's where the revolution started with anti-government protests exactly three years ago. they didn't expect it to turn out like this. >> translator: we thought it would left a month or two, the maximum a year. but it continues to now. >> translator: we went to the streets calling for freedom. but the syrian government responded with bullets. >> reporter: after the conflict escalated into a full-scale civil war, refugees began flooding out of the country. there are now about 100,000 syrians living here at the camp. very quickly, it's grown to the size of the fourth biggest city in jordan. >> many refugees rigged up their own electricity. some have running water and toilets. as children settle into schools here, aid work others are being
forced to look to the longer term. >> the conflict is not going to go away so easily. it's becoming more brutal. >> but for few refugees, enough is enough. every day buses from the camp take dozens of people to the board so they can cross back into syria. most long to make the same journey but it's so fraught with danger they dare not. >> yolanda know joins me. we can see behind you southern syria. you were talking at the end of your report about those who do risk going back. what happens to them? >> that's right. >> people were able to go
backwards and forwards. they were doing that to check their property, that sort of thing. many husband stayed inside syria to guard family possessions. some of them also to fight with the rebels. women, children often came out into jordan. it is becoming difficult for people to cross into this part of jordan. at nighttime you can hear shelling. we're less than a kilometer away from the southern province. dorah became known as this cradle of the revolution. it was fascinating talking to people who thought things would be over much more quickly than they have.
a survey suggesting two-thirds of the syrian refugees now living in jordan fear they won't be able to go back to their homeland. the u.n. and jordanian authorities will be opening up a new refugee camp that could italy be bigger. >> very quickly if you can, 2.5 million refugees survived the winter, a much harder winter than expected. now comes the summer with all the problems of heat and water. >> that's right. in the last few days, there has been heavy rain here. many areas flooded. these are difficult conditions to live in. it can be extremely unpleasant in the summer as well. it is very difficult. imagine how hard to know your home is such a short distance away that you can't reach it and
you're having to live in difficult conditions there. >> thapb there on the jordan border. visit bbc.com/news. a full program of news come canning up with the latest on the malaysian aircraft and ukraine and those talks going on. stay with us. parate runway ridiculousness... from fashion that flies off the shelves. and you...rent from national. because only national lets you choose any car in the aisle... and go. and only national is ranked highest in car rental customer satisfaction by j.d. power. (natalie) ooooh, i like your style. (vo) so do we, business pro. so do we. go national. go like a pro.
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hello, everyone. the united states and russia hold a meeting. a last chance face-to-face dialogue for john kerry and sergei lavrov. it's before sunday's hastily organized referendum in crimea. it will ask the people there they want to leave ukraine and join the russian federation. it's been widely condemned internationally. within the past few moments the british foreign secretary william hague said the talks on ukraine will be "formidably
difficult because of the enormous gulf between russia and the united states. there is enormous tension in advance of what's happening in crimea. the secretary of the general joins me now live from vienna. ambassador, thank you very much indeed. what is the status of your observers which have been authorized to go in to try to at least give good independent information on what is taking place. >> they were yesterday in donetsk. they are observing military installations there. at the same time we met some flights. the limitation of the treaty in the region.
and there is ongoing discussion on amon toring operation in ukraine. >> ambassador, some of the observers managed to get up to the russian border accompanied by ukrainian military. how are they being viewed within ukraine now, your observers? >> they are supported by ukrainian authorities. they are now in the process of observing. and we are expecting. >> here we have video of them. they were e close to the russian border. what are they reporting back to you and how easily are they able to operate in ukraine? >> they are not indicating any operational difficulties at this
moment. >> what about your efforts to get into crimea which is part of ukraine? >> of course. this is part of the negotiation we're having within the the organization. we hope we will be able to achieve soon an agreement monday for a mission that should have the strept of more than 100 people in ukraine, including crimea. >> you always have to operate in a permissible environment. have you got agreement of those who are more sympathetic that you can enter crimea at some point because of the referendum? >> the mandate will be agreed by everybody, including ukraine and russia.
we would expect that once everybody agrees to this date we should have access. if we don't, we will consider the situation. >> you say that. but you are pushing very hard to have the the kind of observers we have just seen entering crimea at the same time so they can monitor that part of ukraine. >> yes, of course. we try and we fail. i'm optimistic we should be able to gain access to crimea. >> you say you are discussing those from the russian federation. what are you discussing with them? are they practical matters? are there sticking points at the
moment? >> there are issues. in terms of reference and in certain technical aspects i would say. as you say the devil is in the details. we need to iron out the differences because we need clarity in terms of the mandate of the people on the ground. >> ambassador, secretary-general of the osc. thank you for joining me live from vienna. we wait to hear what happens with your observers in crimea. thank you. day seven since the disappearance of a missing airliner with 239 people on board. the search area has been widened again. it disappeared in the early hours of saturday morning, an hour after talking off from kuala lumpur. they have expanded the area several times, first the straits
of malacca to the west. it shifted focus towards the indian ocean in the northwest. that's after electronic evidence from so-called pinger signals from several hours from equipment on board the ma hraegz aircraft. the acting transport minister gave this update. >> there has been a lot of media speculation today after comments from unnamed u.s. suggested the plane may have traveled for some time after losing contact. as is standard procedure, the investigation team will not publicly release information until it has properly been verified and corroborated with the relevant authorities. nor do we want to be drawn into specific remarks that up named officials have made in the media. we have worked closely with our
international partners, including the u.s. team, whose officials have been here on the ground. the investigation team have shed more detailed information as it becomes available for verification. the international team are currently working on very fine detailed information but we have nothing to confirm at this moment. the aircraft is still missing and the search area is expanding. two days ago it was widened to include the andaman sea. the circumstances forced us to widen our search. a normal investigation becomes narrower with team as i
understand. it has forced us to look further and fur afield. >> when he was a pilot for the raf he flew for many years the nato missions which used aircraft with a giant mushroom, a big digital electronic system to try and find out what is happening for miles and over the horizon as well. i asked him what his thoughts are of the search that's now under way. >> that started around the last known location with an airplane traveling 500 miles per hour, you are looking at throwing a five pence coin into an olympic stadium and looking for it with
a torch. >> they try to detect stuff happening before the people on the ground know it is happening. when you look at the reality of what is visibility flying backwards and forward what is in your mind about flag safety? >> i don't think it's a safety issue for that part of the world. until we work out on what is happening, it's going to be difficult to say. i think in stems of search and rescue and at the moment it is a search and rescue rather than recovery operation, is trying to find some means of focusing the senses you've got available on the right area. we could be talking about in uk
terms looking for a ship that sunk in the channel with when actually we went the channel between two of the islands in the pharaohs. it's a huge area you're trying to cover. lots of surface vessels using sonar, radar and visual search to try and find some depwre. something is going to be floating somewhere. it's just a question of finding it. >> help us understand. these are very complex electronics issues. if everything switched off, and we know the last signal was at 1:07 from the engines and 1:31 from the transponder it was all switched off.
how does that happen? >> the flight data recorder and the cockpit voice recorder have again impact trips and water activated location devices. the range will be affected by how the wreckage is distributed, water depth, water temperature, sea state and so on. so it is still a tough task. and i think the mark of that was the air france accident in the south atlantic where those recorders took two years to find and recover. a huge task. very expensive as well. >> farmer raf surveillance pilot. other news at had hour, a seven-story building has collapsed in the western indian city of mumbai.
fears of several people being trapped under the rubble. they had deemed the building unsafe for living and given several eviction notices for the businesses. 149 were evacuated from the plane. the landing gear failed, forcing the pilot to abort takeoff. six people killed in changsha. police shot dead one suspect. or there reports it was triggered by a dispute at the market. stay with us here on "bbc world news" with me nik gowing. still to come, a special report from the desert region of pakistan where a severe drought claimed the lives of 100 children. irresistible flavors, like strawberry cheesecake, with a delightfully thick creamy texture.
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you're with "bbc world news" with me anything gowing. i have the latest headlines. it's the 10th day of the trial of oscar pistorius for the murder of his girlfriend reeva steenkamp. the police officer who initially investigated the crime is again being cross-examined today. the colonel told the court that oscar pistorius had blood on his arm after shooting ms. steenkamp. mr. pistorius denies intentionally killing his girlfriend. let's go to nomsa who joins me from outside the court. the defense lawyer has been challenging the police are the way they have handled the evidence, nomsa >> reporter: that's correct. the police work is under scrutiny today because the defense attorney has been pointing out some discrepancies in the way in which evidence was handling. he made allegations that the
police stole two expensive wrist watches belong to go oscar pistorius and how the evidence was actually preserved. he went back to how the door, which has bullet holes and is in the courtroom, how it was put together in storage. as we heard from the colonel he told the court that he locked the door in his office because that was the safest place that he could put it in the police station. and he also says it was not tampered with. we also heard from barry roux saying there were some movements. things were shifted and moved around in the crime scene because the what we have seen. there was a cell phone in one and the other there wasn't. court has adjourned. we will be back after lunch. >> thank you, nomsa. the pakistan government confirmed more than a million people have been affected by a
drought in the country can's southern province of sindh. children are beginning to die of starvation. sabah now reports. >> reporter: she is pregnant. she should be eating for two, but she is starving. village customs demand feed her family first and eat what is left. but there has been no rain, and that means no leftovers. while her mother-in-law eats this one meal of the day there is also a thimble full of milk for her 8-month-old daughter, the only food she will get for the rest of the day. she sets off in search of water. she will not be able to walk away from her fear.
she tells me we had 20 goats. the drought has filled them all but one. what happens if that one dies? how will i feed my daughter? women here walk from miles to find water. now there is little left. it hasn't ranged in the harsh desert since august. 200,000 people are fleeing in desperation because the crops are doing and so are the animals. >> the leader of pakistan's people party, whose party has always been in power here. many hearsay that the aid being announced now was needed earlier. it is a crisis that could have been avoided.
doctors of the hospital say hundreds of patients have been in the hospital for several months now. >> translator: malnutrition is a big problem, a problem over the recently. i see 250 people a day at this hospital. many of them are mal nourished. >> they are focusing on the issue right now. but these problems are not going away by sort-term solutions. >> there is enough food to go around to feed these babies gasping for breath, then why hundreds of children allowed to die still waiting for that one more sell that could have saved them. now, to syria.
the conflict is one that neither diplomacy nor fighting yet managed to end. three years ago to the day protests in durah marked the start of what has become a brutal civil war. the country remains divided against itself. since march 2011, an estimated 140,000 people have died within the country. 6.5 million are trapped inside syria itself. 9 million are displaced. 2.5 million have fled. more ominously the sunni rebels fighting government-aligned minorities showing signs of destabilizing the entire region, well beyond syria's borders. in contrast, the syrian capital of damascus seems to have a degree of stability. we sent this report from the capital of syria. >> three years on and still no end in sight to the unrest that's become a full-blown war.
as syria approaches the fourth year of conflict, damascus appears full of kopbt visions. some are besieged and under attack. but in the rest of the city things appear to be going relatively well. >> i changed my school, my friends, my house. my whole life. but now i have a new life in this country. >> is it okay, the new life? it's better than before. because here it's safe. it's safe places. we can go out in the middle of the night and have walking, or have parties and have friends. >> but still things to complain
about. >> three years ago people used to stay until 3:00, 4:00 a.m. now maximum 12:00. they come early and they go early. >> price in the bar. >> a dollar. triple. even food. >> as prices shot up, the government intervened. >> translator: the government had to reverse the policy. it began by setting prices for food items. we started a cost for traders and set a fair profit margin. >> subsidies are a pillar of government policy.
the state pays the difference. as it increases pressure on the rebel-held areas, the government is on a charm offensive on its own turf. bbc news, damascus. >> let's go to kenya now. the discovery of oil and gas in the northwest of the country has been hailed as a "game change"er. but there are tensions already among local who's want to benefit from this new found wealth. emmanuel reports. >> this is a tourist attraction and a rich source is of fish for locals. these waters are beginning to interest companies. some believe black gold lies under the surface. but exploration has already
begun. they are drilling for oil. initial signs here are promising. by the end of this year it plans to have 30 other sites like this one. >> we have had a lot of discoveries, which we're very excited about. the next phase is a combined exploration. this was drilled post discovery. we're very excited about the prospects. >> this is one of the poorest spots of kenya. it has raised expectations among the the locals. >> not many formal jobs. they left them feeling neglected. they feel here it should benefit them more.
>> recently there have been more demonstrations. >> i think the way we see this place it is a bit bright. and the benefit that we have been asking we are not getting it. it is like they are coming to benefit from our country. they lift us. there are no jobs, no work, no benefit that we are getting. >> but the manager disputes this. despite a huge skill set. >> in excess of 1,000 to 100. we have localized 70% of it. there is a significant component of approximately people are
operating in that area that are already in productions. >> it is not expected to start until 2018. but when it does it is hoped that the fortunes of this community will be transformed forever. stay with us for the latest on the malaysian aircraft and the kerry/lavrov meeting in london. for me nik gowing, thanks for joining me. bye-bye. roll the clip, jimmy. scotts wraps each seed in a brilliant coating that feeds, protects, and holds in moisture. so growing thicker, healthier grass is easier - even if you miss a day of watering. now let's spread your newfound knowledge! get scotts turf builder grass seed with water smart plus. it's guaranteed. seed your lawn. seed it! anncr: to keep your new grass growing strong, feed it with scotts starter food for new grass. nascar is about excitement. but tracking all the action and hearing everything from our marketing partners, the media and millions of fans on social media
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