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tv   BBC World News  BBC America  April 8, 2014 7:00am-8:01am EDT

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hello you're watching gmt on bbc world news. our top stories. yes we had our problems but were in love and planned our life together. the words of oscar pistorius as he relives the night he shot his girlfriend reeva steenkamp february 14 of last year. >> i think i was maybe into her more than she was at times with me. i let her take her space. ukrainian deputies brawl in parliament as pro russian
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protestors are cleared from government buildings in the east. >> reporter: hello i'm michelle hue san life in delhi. today we'll look at a key player in this vote and how the rise of regional parties will affect the election outcome. it is the end of an era at microsoft. >> absolutely tim. today support for windows xp comes to a big halt. 12 heres after it was have created microsoft decides to put pressure on people to upgrade. here's the question, with 95% of the world atm using soft way, could this be the perfect storm for hackers? hello. it is midday here in london. 7:00 in the morning in
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washington. 1:00 in pretoria where oscar has take tenness taken the trial for the second day. he lives up to moments to when he shot him dead reading out text messages exchanged between the couple. he had problems he admitted but were in love and planned a future together. pistorius is charged with killing reeva last year. he denies intentionally shooting her saying he thought she was an intruder. the court has just adjourned for lunch. all morning we've heard from oscar pistorius taken through evidence by his defense lawyer talking through text messages and e-mailed he exchanged with her. the relationship he admitted had been volatile but they did love each other and planned a future together.
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he read out messages relating to one particular day in january when the couple had a fight at a party. this message was from reeva to him after the event. >> i do everything to make you happy and not say anything to rock the boat with you. you do everything to throw tensions in front of people. you've been upset. i have been upset by you two days now. i'm so upset i left darren's party early. so upset. i can't get that day back. i'm scared of you sometimes and how you snap at me and of how you will react to me. you make me happy 90% of the time. i think we are amazing together. >> well pistorius explained he was angry about reeva's behavior at the party was tried to apologize later. >> if i remember i tried to phone her. she didn't pick up her phone. i started typing her a message.
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it reads. i want to talk to you. i want to talk this out. i don't want to have anything left -- anything less than amazing between you and i. i'm sorry for things i say without thinking and for taking offense to some of your actions. the fact i'm tired and sick at the moment. tired and sick isn't an excuse. i was upset that you left me after we got food to go talk to a guy. i was standing there -- probably right behind you watching you touch his arm and ignore me. >> well that was another message that he read out. let's go to pretoria and join my colleague there. we're getting a picture of a volatile but loving, according to him, relationship with his girlfriend. >> reporter: yes, we spent the morning hearing a succession of texts and messages, largely
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affectionate. a couple of incidents where the couple disa agreed, one that the prosecution used in which reeva steenkamp told oscar sometimes i'm scared of you. the defense tried to put this in a context of a normal relationship where a couple disagrees, getting to know each other. there are episodes of jealousy and then carrying on with affection and kisses, affectionate names used for one another. after the morning tea break, things moved on. oscar pistorius began to get closer and closer to the night describing what happened after they went to bed after supper and sequence of events that led to her fatal shooting. the court adjourned for five
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minutes. oscar took off his prosthetic limbs and took a walk in the courtroom on his stumps to show the court and judge his height, how he is able to walk on his stumps. he stood by the bathroom door, the door he shot bullets through. there was a gasp from everybody in court. then he was shown a picture of reeva after he killed her. at that point he -- a bucket was passed to him. reeva's mother who has been expressionless at this trial, at this point we saw her seeing that picture of her daughter beginning to cry. let's bring in my guest here who is with us here talking about the psychology of all this. we have heard oscar pistorius in a very emotional state since yesterday. how is it to believe possible to
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move forward when the key witness is vomiting and crying? >> what you can see from yesterday's evidence, there's a whole process of identifying factors associated with post-traumatic stress disorder within oscar pistorius. we see that laid yesterday in evidence. he is hemedicated. you could be prepared for this evidence. there must have been hard work put in to preparing him going over the evidence over and over again. to a certain extent trying to create a familiar context at least in to expect what's coming his way and remove the uncertainty. >> this is just his defense attorney giving him an easy time, if you can call talking about the night you shot your girlfriend easy. he's not getting the tough
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questions he's going to get from cross-examination from the prosecution. how can you prepare for that sort of trauma? >> it really is about witness separation, about taking the witness and trying to come all angles, trying to prepare him and anticipate what questions one could ask and what questions the prosecution would ask in this matter. it is about witness preparation to a large extent, trying to create as much familiarity for him entered in the content. you can see how certain ground work is laid in terms of did difficulty issues already brought up today. letting him deal with that instead of for the first time in cross-examination. >> let me hold you there. i'm going to go over what the key moments have been so far today from oscar pistorius.
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let's listen to what he said about the shooting. >> at points i wanted to put myself -- get back to where the passage was to put myself between the person had gained accession to my house and reeva. when i got just before the passage wall i remember slowing down. i was scared the person during the time i had got -- that i left to where i got my firearm could have possibly already been in the passage, the closet passage. i slowed down and had the firearm extended in front of me. just as i left my bed. i whispered for reeva to get down and phone the police.
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as i entered where the passage is, the closet to where i entered the passage where the closet is to the bathroom, it was at that point i was overcome with fear. i started screaming and shouting for the burglar or intruders to get out of my house. i shouted for reeva to get on the floor and phone the police. i screamed at the people to get out. >> reporter: so you can hear oscar pistorius, stress in his voice as he describes what happens. in an hour's time, after lunch, he's going to have to carry on talking about the events of that
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fateful night. we'll hear more from the defense. we don't know when the prosecution will start their end. defense could be taking time in this. >> thank you very much for that in pretoria. russia warn add ukraine to avoid civil war saying kiev's military preparations in south and east could lead to conflict. nato responded saying russia would be creating a historic mistake if it intervened. people were arrested as pro russian activists tried to declare independence there. we have been speaking to the nato general. >> i i am indeed very concerned. i urge russia to step back, not to intervene further in ukraine and deescalate. a few weeks ago, president barack obama said there was no
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military solution to the growing tensions in ukraine, do you think that statement holds water? do you think there's a greater likelihood of a military response the way russia is acting? >> we are not discausing military options. we believe the right way forward is political and diplomatic solution. but to achieve that, we also need deescalation of the military situation. that's why it is a matter of urgency that russia pulls back its troops. >> in kiev, developments in the east have been taking their toll on parliament. these are pictures this morning. tempers flaring between opposition nationalists and
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separatists. deputies blamed each other for events in the east and for bringing down the government of the former president viktor yanukovych. suddenly this happened. we just missed the best part of those pictures showing the fighting between parliament. let's go to kiev now. david, there's physical representations of anner ager a frustration between parliament today. >> indeed. emotions are running high. tensions are still high. we still have this situation in the east which although is not as -- not escalating quite the level it was last couple of days, still extremely tense. we have pro russian activists occupied two government
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buildings. one in donetsk. they've called for a referendum there if you call. authorities have cleared activists from one of the government buildings in kharkiv and detained or arrested 70 people there. obviously the situation continues. there's a great deal of concern not just in parliament but the ukrainian government as well. we have heard from western governments and nato leaders. >> looking at what's happening in kharkiv there, we've seen people arrested. how much appetite for another referendum pushing for further ties with russia? >> that's really the question. we don't know how deep this pro russian or antigovernment movement goes. we have a few hundred people, couple hundred that occupied the donetsk building. they claim to represent a larger movement.
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east, even though russian speaking and quite a few ethnic russians, they are ethnic ukrainian citizens. recent polls indicate the majority of people don't want to join russia. they would like more autonomy but not federallization of the country. this is a fluent situation and difficult to say what exactly the general sentiment is. it's difficult to say what russ russia's next move is going to be. we've seen accusations that russia is orchestrating this although russians say they have nothing to do with. that. >> thank you very much. you're watching gmt. stay with us. still to come, the second day of elections in india. we're live in delhi with the latest. baron of the build-out. you need a permit... to be this awesome. and you...rent from national.
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. it is day two of elections in india. still just the beginning of this marathon exercise in democracy. officials say there was a record turnout the in yesterday a's first stage. more than 800 million people are eligible to vote which means the poll is staggered over five weeks. bbc will keep you up to date throughout it all. let's get to delhi and michelle. michelle? >> reporter: hello tim. welcome everyone to our election coverage from delhi. today we're in the heart of the city in central park as it happens. in the streets around me are the shopping area you would know if you've visited this this city which is pretty lively this evening. in the last couple of days of campaigning before delhi goes to the polls thursday. there are many election rallies,
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election processions happening in the streets. we have been profiling the main players in this vote. yesterday they were looking at modi of the opposition bjp. today gandy is the man of politics in his blood, famous of the political dynasty. is that blood line enough in the changing india? we have more on the man congress would like to see as prime minister. >> trying to avoid a hard landing, gandhi is calling on them to give the congress party one more chance. congress is the government for the poor. >> translator: we have done what we promised. we have put 150 million people out of poverty. no one else can do that.
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>> the gandhi family name is a draw. some came here to see gandhi. >> he is the right person to become prime minister because people from congress are 85 to 90. they have no sense like young generation. he can lead our country really nicely. >> it was rahul gandhi's great grandfather that led. as the economy has slowed, it's no longer so clear congress and india's destiny are intertwined.
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the party has been tarnished by corruption and increasingly young population wants promises of jobs rather than handouts of subsidies congress has relied on. >> i think we are seeing the end of the congress party. >> the politics keeps the congress party surviving. it doesn't have -- there's no better handout. you're losing workers on the ground. then now you have dynasty succession by gandhi which doesn't have possibility to win election. >> the gandhi family has dominated politicpolitics. many predict that era is coming to an end. the party is hoping by putting rahul gandhi forward as the new younger face, that will save it
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from defeat. the party has survived dire predictions before. the congress party is starting to look like it's stuck in the past. bbc news delhi. >> reporter: tomorrow we'll be profiling the third force in this 2014 election of the common man party, the new force we're seeing come into play in this election. we won't know the outcome another five weeks, at least another five weeks. that could be the moment the process of coalition building in india begins. a coalition is the most likely outcome of an indian election. it's been that way several elections now, the way elections have taken place in this country for some time. it's also the regional parties increasingly powerful and hold the balance of hpower. let's discuss parties as a force here in politics.
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with me here, commentator. why do you think we've seen the party as a rise of force here? >> you can't put it down to one factor frankly. if you look at performance of national parties last two or three decades, there's a trend downward. congress had a formable presence in every state of the country. today you see that still. no longer does the party have a commanding presence in five or six very important states. the bjp never managed to extend itself at the height of the prominence. >> is that because policies ignored voter concerns? >> i wouldn't say they -- i think there's a wide variety of reasons. congress party is highly centralized, hasn't given enough autonomy to regional players. you have a lead their arises in the state.
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the congress party cuts that person a side. over time there's been a weakening of congress leadership capabilities in every state including ones still strong. bjp agenda has been a factor many years. people in the south gravitated toward it's kind of politics, not 350epeople in the east. >> now that those parties are strong, they have hope of ending up in the coalition. >> i wouldn't say they have a decisive say. the trend over three or four elections has been that the most important regional players ideally like to end up on the side of which ever national party looks like it will form in delhi. there's a certain amount that happens before elections. we've seen one or two tie up -- >> is that guarantee of ending up in government -- >> it isn't. the decisive measures are made after the results are known.
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you see bjp of the congress 1,400 seats. that's when you see maneuvering. it's national instinct of the regional party to be on the right side. >> it's very interesting the political force in this election, anticorruption party. when i was talking to students the other day, they were saying it's not a nationwide force. there are voters in the south barely know this party exists. is it a nationwide force in your view? >> it has a presence in every area across the country. if you consider india becoming more and more of country -- consider the fact many contests in this election are going to be in cities between the congress and bjp. it's balance of the party even if it doesn't win many seats. we'll probably have quite a decisive contribution to make into either congress on bjp. >> thank you very much indeed.
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i'll have more later. we'll be looking at the youth vote and changing place of women in indian society. back to you. >> thank you very much. you're watching gmt. coming up in minutes, more on the 20th anniversary of the genocide that left thousands of people dead in rwanda. trying to stay fit but miss real pleasure? the pleasure you crave just got real. light & fit greek nonfat yogurt. irresistible flavors, like toasted coconut vanilla, with a thick creamy texture. never have 80 calories tasted so satisfying. light & fit greek. taste satisfaction without sacrifice. ♪ dannon rejoice... for you have entered the promised land of accomodation. ♪ booking.com booking.yeah!
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welcome to gmt on bbc world news. coming up this half hour, 20 years after the genocide in rand da, how did the country that saw 800,000 of its people slaughtered recover? one of the most mysterious substances in the universe. we are back for one of the biggest software makers. >> for those that want a high end smart phone, you probably already got one. that means less sales in the
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future. as for big pressure from rivals in china, we're going to look at what samsung can do in the ever more saturated market. welcome back. as rwanda marks 20 years of the genocide, also new renewed focus on huge progress the country has made since 1994. the president kagame is pro claimed for management. his growing concern of political opponents. we report now. >> there's general admiration for president kagame here. for many he's the reason rwanda did not descend into post genocide chaos. he rules the country where the ironed discipline he honed as a
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military commander. he's offering his people a grand bargain. he gets a free hand in politics, in return they get economic and social progress. one obvious sign of that progress is education that's now free. with the help of british aid, virtually all children go to primary school. secondary enrollment has doubled in five years. it was so different when i first came here after the genocide. children were coping with the trauma of having witnessed the mass murderer. now they learn about it in their history books. for a small country with future natural resources, the nurturing of children is key to prosperity. government says no child will be left out. >> it has to be development. nobody should be left out. we go country by country and say
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how can we learn from this? how can it be applied in rwanda? >> it's no accident rwanda has turned to south korea for help with the broad band network. rwanda's ambition is leap frog the rest of the region and become a high speed technological harbor. 3,000 kilometers of fiber optic cable have been laid down, part of a strategy delivering 8% growth and reducing the inequality gap. >> rwanda's progress was remarkable. that comes at a price, some claim has been shut down whether at home or a board. those allegations took me thousands of miles away to tennessee in america. this is a widow living here with her two sons.
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their father patrick, a former rwanda intelligence chief was murdered in south africa last new year's eve. >> that's your husband. that's president kagame there. >> friendly she, her husband and the former president had been, a relationship that continued in rwanda. >> i know that's clinton and paul kagame, the president. there's your husband. >> her husband fled to exile in south africa. she blames rwanda authorities for his murder. that's a view backed by the government saying it has direct links between the rwanda officials and killing. >> i say to rwanda government that did that, they paid the guy.
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they admitted. >> what do you miss most about your husband? >> his support for his children. love for his children. talking to him everyday. so i have nobody to talk to now. >> translator: shortly after the murder, president kagame tells, it was an uncompromising response. the government would not comment on the case despite our request. it has previously denied involvement. >> britain has been supportive of the rwanda president. on this issue there are concerns. >> we condemn the murder and attempted murder of figures that's taken place. we'll a wait the outcome of the investigations of course as will the rest of the world.
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>> but here people are more interested in security and growth. mr. kagame's bargain is holding. the rapidly growing population will make his job harder. the future is likely to be every bit as challenging as the past. bbc news. >> you're watching gmt. we are back with microsoft windows. >> do you use xp? >> use to. don't anymore. >> thanks tim. hello. t microsoft is retiring 12-year-old windows xp system. they're doing that in a few hours time. here are numbers. estimated 37% of computers used around the world are still running that system. microsoft says it will no longer provide security updates, issue fixes i should say to non security related problems or
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offer online technical online update. got that? a lot of problems are anticipated. the move could put everything from operations of heavy industry to identities of everyday people, that all could be in danger. people using xp will be at greater risk of hackers in the future. that's what we keep hearing. many risk adverse companies resist change. those likely to be using xp include banks, financial service companies, schools, health care providers. here's a big number. 95% of global atms still run with windows. only a third have been so far upgraded. also the uk and dutch government paid microsoft multiple millions of to extend support for windows xp past the april 8th cut off date. let's get more. we have the principal analyst
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joining us. great to have you with us. is this a smart move by microsoft? some say this is a 12-year-old system. microsoft wants to put energy and focus on later products. 12 years in the fast paced world of technology is a dinosaur isn't it? >> it is pretty much, yes. the pace of change is doing nothing but accelerate. what we're seeing here is microsoft just following the industry practice whereby retiring products and technologies and points throughout the life cycle, windows xp has had a stay of execution by five years. it's time to say good-bye. >> time to say good bye. i was surprised from the tech world wise. how many business, heavy industry, aths, banks et cetera still use in system? we keep hearing risk of being open to hack attacks.
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is that a serious risk? >> those that we talk to day in and out inform they've been doing business planning and gaited rigait gaited -- and mitigated risks. it's important to recognize the great many organizations have indeed moved their fleet pc and laptops to windows 7 and windows 8. there are plenty of examples of windows xp around. i guess you wouldn't walk more than ten paces to put your hand on a computer running windows xp. a particular function running business software. >> just very briefly, there's been mplenty of warning. is will there businesses going, it ain't broke, so i ain't going to fix it? >> to be honest, it's a bit of a
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nightmare. nobody wants to do it. the idea is wait until it's time to replace that equipment obviously when you buy a new comput computer, laptop or computer it comes preloaded with the newest version. that's consumers and large enterprises. >> thank you richard joining us. from one tech story to another. we're talking samsung. a forecast drop in profit second quarter in a row. it expects to make operating profit. $8 billion for that january to march, three month quarter period. down 4% from the same periods last year. the company share price, nearly 12% down from the record high it hit last january. the face is growing competition from cheaper chinese rivals. let's get more from our technology reporter. jane great to see you as well.
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isn't this a point in the problem for samsung. if you wanted a high end tech phone many the developed world you probably already have one? that means less sales in the future. >> we have phones that do what we want them to do. the galaxy says the s 5 comes out. there's no feature that makes it must go out and buy. it has a slightly bigger camera, heart monitoring and apps and such things. there's nothing to to persuade someone to go get it. it used to be a reason to buy would be you dropped your phone in the toilet. now they come with water proof cases so even that. >> i haven't done that yet, but -- >> typically companies buy the cheapest smart phones. how is samsung tackling those
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markets? >> it's aggressively hitting that market. it realized research suggests almost half of smart phones bought in 2014 will be subbed $200. it's clinging to that saying they need a process. in that market they need phones that are durable, have batteries that last. i'm writing about a battery to charge a phone in 30 seconds. those are the ind ckinds of thi people want from lower end phones. >> that story will be online? >> yes, it. >> thanks join. we'll talk to you soon. follow me on twitter. tweet me, and i'll tweet you back. bbc aaron. >> you have a job to do -- >> try it out with a bag of rice. it comes back. >> there you go.
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bag of rice. bbc world news, still to come. they voted and now they're counting two leading candidates in afghanistan's presidential election. both say they are ahead in the polls. ♪ "first day of my life" by bright eyes ♪ you're not just looking for a house. you're looking for a place for your life to happen.
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hello welcome back to gmt. i'm tim wilcox. top stories. south african athlete pistorius is giving testimony about the night he shot dead his girlfriend reeva steenkamp. the trial resumes shortly. ukraine's acting president says pro russian separatists seized buildings will be treated as terrorists and criminals. let's take you back to our
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coverage of the india elections. it's day two and the economy is being the focus for many of the candidates and voters throughout the campaign. let's get more from john joining us from mumbai. >> tim, thank you very much indeed. we heard you talking about microsoft retiring windows xp. we've got a retired chairman and ceo of microsoft india. thank you very much for being with us. you've written an interesting book about conquering winning in india and everywhere. how difficult is it to win in india whether foreign businessman or here doing business? >> it's a hard place. it's equally difficult for indian companies. companies are ranked on how easy it is to do business.
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india is behind pakistan and yemen. this is one of the toughest places in the world. it's downhill everywhere else. >> politicians make it more difficult? who would you like to see whoever forms the next government do? >> from the point of industry, i would say three things. number one, would like to see the government fix important institutions badly damaged and frayed where the bureaucracy ground to a complete stand still, judicial system or any things. number two, we'd like to see significant improvement in infrastructure. and number three, focus on making india good place for manufacturing. >> reporter: how has the last government done? >> well, it's hard to be polite when answering that. the score card, track record has been bis mal.
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it's not just economic terms. it's clearly disappointing to see the economy slow to 4% growth. the bigger damage is in terms of corruption can which has gone beyond all bounds. and the real sense of depression and lack of confidence that has set in across the whole country. indian companies now far more nf investing overseas instead of india itself. >> when you look at parties from the bjp, congress party, common man party, do you see in any of them the promise land, the solutions? >> not really. i don't think the common government offers anything at all. most recognize that. bjp promises change. big businesses are optimistic and hopeful.
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>> reporter: do you give giving modi your backing? >> i don't run big business nip. there's a round short hand for anybody but congress. the best thing about bjp it represents change. on the other hand who would i like to vote for? it's the upstart party correctly identified issues in indian society today, which is corruption. if i had to vote, most likely the last would get mine. >> fascinating to talk to you. thank you for being with us here. lovely to have you even if xp isn't operating well in the future. >> i think you'll be surprised. there's going to be a lot of xp running a while. >> reporter: tim, back to you. >> jon, thanks very much indeed. votes are still being counted after last week's
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presidential elections in afghanistan. both leading candidates have said they prefer to hold a second round of voting if neither wins the majority. both say they are ahead in the polls. david reports. >> reporter: abdul la abdullah has been reluctant to announce. he's confident and tells me he's doing better than other candidates. the other leading candidate, ghani claims he's ahead. if he did not make the threshold he said there should be a second round ruling out negotiations. i put the same question for abdullah abdullah. >> will you try to negotiate a deal or go all the way as the constitution demands for a second round to give the afghan people a chance? >> people should be given a
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chance. there's no doubt about this. the people should be given the chance. if it goes to the second round in accordance with the process, that's fine. >> meanwhile, fraud is being investigated before there's a final result. many complaints concern kand hard in the south where the police have alleged to control centers. some say people were failed before the election. >> we asked president about chief of police. that was clear in front of the media and front of the society. we have made promise that our people with international community will clear this unclear words to make a good
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decision about this election and i am confident of that. >> reporter: one presidential campaign is over. afghanistan now watches and waits to see if there needs to be a second round. neither of the two leading candidates wins this time around, both told the bbc they want to fight to the finish. bbc news. it's one of the misoysterio particles in the universe. it's never actually been seen. a new experiment offers best hope of detecting dark matter. rebecca takes a look at the particle deep underground in the united states. >> reporter: in the black hills of south dakota, the home state gold mine, home to one of the
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deepest laboratories in the world. three kilometers down scientists have the best chance yet of finding dark matter, a mysterious substance born in the big bang. the challenge is it's never before been seen. scientists believe dark matter makes up more than a quarter of the universe. this is a complete projection mapping out in blue where thought to be at its densest. across the tangles, galaxies merge, it's essentially the invisible scaffold. nobody knows what black matter looks like. imagine i could use this lenses to look at mysterious particles. >> scientists think they're everywhere hanging in space. because the earth is constantly
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in motion, it would look like streaming through trillions upon trillions passing through us every second like ghosts. this phantom like quality makes them so hard to detect. but there is a theory that dark matter particles do sometimes bump into regular matter. it's in this subterranean lab they hope to see extremely rare encounters with an experiment. this is what it's all about. a tank spanning two stories. it contains 300,000 liters of ultrapure fied water. this experiment is the cull ma nation of decades of research. >> we're on the threshold of starting a new search with the detector for around 300 days.
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we configure to detect looking for occasional interaction every month or every few months. >> reporter: finding dark matter will put this lab on the man. >> there are a handful of experiments located in different laboratories around the world. they want to be the first ones to stand up and say we have discovered it. it is very competitive. i think whoever is fortunate enough to discover dark matter first will certainly be a noble price winning result. absolutely. >> reporter: staking everything on such an elusive substance is a risk. there's even a chance dark matter might not exist. if it does, discovering it would transform our understanding of the universe. bbc news south dakota. bringing you pictures of what's happening in uk. a day rich in history. the irish president being
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[ electricity crackles ] thank you. [ cash register printing ] [ keyboarding ] better cash up, then. i suppose john joe could just wait for me. no, i'll do it. you head off. [ electricity buzzing ] [ beep ] when's the council going to fix this? last night, my telly went off in the middle of "top model." john joe's waiting. i'll do the changing rooms, too. thanks, shona.

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