tv BBC World News BBC America July 16, 2014 7:00am-8:01am EDT
you're watching "gmt" on "bbc world news." with me david eades. our top stories, srebrenica, the worst crime on european soil since the second world war and dutch peacekeeping troops are told they were partly to blame. a court in the netherlands makes the ruling on a balkan massacre which left nearly 8,000 dead. israel warns palestinians in gaza to move out of their homes as the air strikes continue. what hopes are there for cease-fire from both sides? one of asia's biggest cities
manila brought to a stand still by the year's biggest typhoon so far. also in the program, aaron is here as old foes become new friends. >> absolutely. we're not talking about you and i, absolutely indeed. it would have been unthinkable just a few years ago, but these two, apple and ibm, are now joining forces, producing apps and devices for the corporate world. it is a clear sign of the times. but we're also asking could this new team be the nail in the coffin for blackberry. hello. it is midday in london. 7:00 a.m. in washington. 1:00 p.m. in srebrenica. the bosnian town which in 1995 suffered arguably the most grotesque massacre of civilians since world war ii. the court in the netherlands ruled that dutch troops operating as u.n. peacekeepers in the town during the conflict
were partly to blame as 8,000 men and boys in srebrenica were killed by bosnian serb forces. this despite the town being designated a u.n. safe area. the case was brought by mothers of srebrenica, seeking compensation for the loss of their sons and husbands. the bbc's anna holligan was at the hearing in the hague. >> reporter: the mothers of srebrenica blame dutch peacekeepers for failing to prevent the genocide. thousands of muslims had fled to the u.n. base seeking protection from general ratko mladic and his bosnian serb forces. it was supposed to be a safe zone. the dutch battalion was on patrol at the time, but did not intervene. what followed was the worst massacre committed on european territory since the nazis. these women, the mothers of srebrenica, formed a small but determined group here inside the courtroom. they have been disappointed by
the verdict, though, because although they have been fighting on behalf of thousands of survivors, the district judge here in the hague ruled that the dutch could only be held accountable for 300 deaths, the deaths of 300 muslim men who were deported from the camp in the days that preceded the srebrenica massacre. the relatives of these women, though, these three women, who represented the thousands of others, were not among those men and therefore the state cannot be held accountable, the judge ruled, for their relatives' deaths. lawyers representing the soldiers say they did try to protect the refugees. last september, a dutch court ruled the state was liable for the deaths of three bosnian muslim men who were expelled from the dutch-backed compound into the hands of bosnian serb forces. anna holligan, bbc news, in the hague. well, with me now the former bbc correspondent martin bell who was covering the crisis at
the time. and the bbc's jonathan markus, who has been looking at the possible consequences of this ruling. thanks, both. martin, if i can start with you. we're going back quite a long time now, some 19 years. what is your response to this latest ruling? >> i think that the mothers needed it. i don't think actually that the money is what motivates them, but all the time they have been on the case of the dutch to admit culpability. i have an angry letter from the dutch defense ministry because i wanted to broadcast. they had two inquiries in holland. the first one exonerated the u.n. battalion and the second one did not. so it is a long, slow process and will be welcomed by the survivor families. >> let's just put it this way. they were in at best an insidious position. and undefendable position? >> they were in a very difficult position. i know they were demoralized, i
know a u.n. officer who visited them, and they had very few of them, much more than 300. but all the same, they did nothing. there was -- what was it called? u.n. protection force. there was no protection going on. there was no deterrence going on. it could have been avoided. they were not just the dutch. there were 30,000 u.n. troops in bosnia at the time of this disaster. so i think all western democracy showed a degree of guilt. >> this pins down on 300 who were killed, specifically. that still leads this vast field of people whose families will still feel, well, we haven't got any justice. >> that is true. i go back quite often, the bitterness is there, the anger is there, the grief will never be resolved. i think this is -- this gives them some comfort that the dutch courts have essentially ruled the dutch partly responsible. >> jonathan, what about the sort
of ramifications of this. the dutch have to cough up and compensate a number of individuals here, but this was a government that put forward its own troops, into a situation, which proved, they would argue and in doubt will continue to argue, was a desperate and unreasonable one for them to sustain. what does that say for a government to already put their hand up in helping u.n. operations if this could be the result? >> well, look, i think one must be clear. a number of lessons were learned from what happened in bosnia. i think in subsequent operations around the world we have seen sometimes much more muscular and aggressive use of force by u.n. units. and i think that is an important lesson to be drawn. clearly in the makeup of forces, more concern has been given to what they can do, their capabilities. often these are political decisions as well. i don't think it is necessarily going to lead to many countries giving up on u.n. missions, for
many country, many in the developing world, they get paid quite a lot of money to contribute. their troops get useful experience of operating in different environments alongside other forces and so on. so there are good reasons still. of course, much of it depends on the legal regime in the country that is -- is providing the troops. this case, yes, the dutch military was seen to be deficient, but actually clearly the dutch legal system has finally come up with a verdict that perhaps will be some compensation to the families. >> any reason to believe, the u.n. secretary-general at the time describes it as a shame on the united nations as it was on the -- we're now seeing on the dutch perhaps. that this could not -- this sort of scenario could not happen again. any reason to believe that they have put a better structure in place? >> we have seen on occasion more muscular u.n. operations, but as i say, it all comes down to the particular circumstances and i'm
afraid the politics of what is involved. i don't think we could say this would never happen again. clearly you cannot make promises, you cannot create things called safe areas or safe havens if you cannot implement them. and i think that is something that is being brought in mind in contemporary operations. >> it is 1995. we're now 2014. does this get put to bed, do you think, martin? will it ever? >> it is not put to bed. there are two big cases in the hague. radovan karadzic, the bosnian serb, and ratko mladic, i think when the trials concluded and they're very long trials, i think there can be some closure by some of the families. >> some time to go. martin, thank you very much. jonathan, thank you. let's go on to other news now. president bashar al assad of syria has been sworn in for another seven years. declared the winner of an election held last month in the
midst of the country's civil war. the syrian opposition dismissed the vote as a sham, following a speech mr. assad said western and arab countries would pay a heavy price for supporting opposition fighters. around 500 children have been rescued from an orphanage in the mexican town of zamora. police say the youngsters were sexually abused and forced to beg on the street. nine people have been arrested. the mexican authorities say one of the worst ever examples of child abuse. a chinese oil rig operating near disputed islands in the south china sea has been withdrawn a month ahead of schedule. the deployment of the rig in the seas around the paracel islands sparked weeks of clashes between ships from china and vietnam and several anti-chinese demonstrations in vietnam. now, at least ten people have been killed as the typhoon sweeps across parts of central philippines and brought the capital manila to a stand still. the storm is the strongest to
hit the country this year. it struck the main island of luzon with wind speeds of 185 kilometers an hour. hundreds of thousands had to evacuate their homes, but the alarm was raised early. that may have helped to prevent a much higher death toll. we have the report. >> reporter: the devastation became clearer soon after the typhoon passed manila bay. ferocious winds have toppled trees and power lines, bringing life to a stand still in manila. government offices and schools were closed across the city. people in shantytowns were the worst affected. many houses were blown away. emergency services were trying to rescue people trapped by fallen debris in other parts of the country. several people died from electrocution and walls collapsed. the philippines is hit by around 20 storms a year.
this is the first to make landfall this year. more than 350,000 people from high risk areas have been moved to emergency shelters. aid agencies say the timely evacuation has helped to reduce casualties. parts of the philippines are still recovering from typhoon hainan that devastated the country last year, killing more than 6,000 people. after crossing the philippines, the typhoon now categorized as a storm is heading toward the south china sea. it is expected to gain in strength once it is back out at sea. bbc news. well, stay with us on "gmt." still to come on the program, we have a special report for you into allegations of child cruelty, forced adoptions, high death rates too. [ male announcer ] we know they're out there.
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to gaza now where thousands of palestinians have been forced to leave their homes after a warning from israel that it is to intensify air strikes to target hamas leaders. more than 200 palestinians have been killed in this week long upsurge of violence. one israeli has died in rocket fire from gaza. the palestinian president mahmoud abbas is meeting egyptian counterpart later in cairo, just a day after a proposed cease-fire fell apart. from gaza, the bbc's yolande knell has this. >> reporter: a cease-fire now seems a long way off. israel's air raids on gaza have intensified since initial truce efforts failed. and political targets have been in the frame. warplanes attacked the homes of top leaders of the islamist movement hamas. this is what is left of the home of one of the founders of hamas,
mahmoud zahar. it is thought he's in hiding. israel had warned hamas it would pay a high price. neighbors houses were damaged here. but they agree that militant groups should attach strict conditions to any truce. this woman wants an end to the tight border restrictions on gaza imposed by israel and egypt. >> translator: we are supporting them. a solution must be found for us. we have to live under a blockade. this should all be sorted out. >> reporter: and yet that's not happening. along with the israeli missiles falling from the sky today there were leaflets. some dismissed them, but thousands of others living in gaza's border areas heeded the
warning to leave. many have taken shelter in schools. on the israeli side, more sirens shake the nerves of tel aviv residents. overhead, palestinian rockets are intercepted by the iron dome defense system. there is frustration here at the continuing fighting. officials defend the deadly air strikes from gaza. >> the damage is tremendous. not only to israel, but the people in gaza itself. the price is high. the waste is great. and it cannot explain what do they want, prevent it. >> reporter: for now, israeli troops remain in position along gaza's border, with no progress in diplomatic efforts to secure a truce, there is growing concern they could soon be engaged in a wider military
offensive, possibly even a ground invasion. yolande knell, bbc news, gaza city. let's get the view from the other side as it were. james reynolds is in ashkelon, the closest big israeli city to gaza. talking about the sirens still going. have they been bothering you? >> yes, about 12 minutes ago we heard sirens here and everyone stopped whatever they were doing and took shelter in shops, not necessarily in formal protected rooms, but sometimes in bathrooms or anywhere they could find. we took shelter in a shop here. and we had a number of israelis telling our team they were sick of living like this, they had been living like this for 15 years and they want their government to take action. and that's something that we found in the last year or so as we have been hear in ashkelon and nearby that a lot of israelis accuse their government of not doing enough to protect them. and essentially that's what the government has to deal with, this feeling on what israel considers to be the front line that it wants its politicians and army to do more.
>> they want a cease-fire. it is interesting, mahmoud abbas, the palestinian president, going to egypt, so i suppose we have to believe there is some tiny glimmer of light still in the prospect of a cease-fire at some point. the israeli government response is what? >> many think because there are a lot of ministers speaking and not all are saying the same thing. benjamin netanyahu voted for the cease-fire yesterday, deciding to stop operations, that he resumed operations. this morning, here, in ashkelon, the foreign minister has said he continues to press for a ground offensive, for a wider offensive. you have different opinions within the government, some, of course, want to give mediation efforts a go. but i think one clear thing is getting in the way of those mediation efforts and that's the lack of trust between egypt and hamas. egypt, of course, in the last year, as we all know, has gone after the muslim brotherhood. hamas is an offshoot of the
muslim brotherhood, therefore hamas i think will be very suspicious of egypt as an honest broker. >> i suppose one of the realities, james, which israel would know as well as anyone, is that when these sorts of crises come along, there is a point at which international condemnation reaches a level that the violence needs to stop. hamas refusing a cease-fire, presumably just opens the window wider for israel, doesn't it? >> if you look at benjamin netanyahu's statement last night, that would appear to be so. he said because hamas rejected the possibility of a cease-fire, israel would continue and intensify its operations. and in the short-term, that meant more than 30 astriir stri. we don't know if that means whether or not mr. netanyahu will order ground troops in, whether he and the idf will decide they can get most of the rockets from the air. >> james, thanks very much. james reynolds in ashkelon.
the irish government is today announcing who will lead its inquiry into the treatment of unmarried women in mother and baby homes run by orders of nuns. thousands of pregnant women were sent to the homes from the 1920s up to the 1990s. many women and their families have made allegations of cruelty, of forced adoptions, high death rates, even babies being used in vaccine trials. now we hear from some of those that lived at one institution. >> reporter: you sense a religion once dominated irish life from cradle to grave. education, criminal justice, health, and nation's welfare subcontracted to the church. like here at the house where nuns of the sacred heart order kept a home for unmarried pregnant women. terry harrison came near 1973, aged 18. one of thousands sent to such homes by their families.
>> you're here because nobody wants you. you're here because nobody cares about you. you're here because you have sinned. >> reporter: terry gave birth in another church home and claims her baby was then adopted without her permission. >> he vanished into a black -- just blackness. it is like -- it is like -- it is like his life was stolen. he was never -- he was never away from me. october 15th, 6:30 in the morning, he weighed 6 pounds, 6 ounces. and he was beautiful. he was beautiful. >> reporter: from the state's
beginning, there was puritanical morality. those seen as sexual sinner were cast no moral and often physical exile. thousands of babies were given up for adoption, hundreds sent to america from the church run homes. even women who signed legal papers often had little if any choice. helen murphy grew up not knowing her birth mother was walking the city streets searching for her. >> it was this yearning to find her. so i said, well, she always knew she wasn't going to find me. somewhere deep inside, she was looking for somebody who looked like the baby that she had given up. i don't know. because i've never been able to ask her, you know, did you really believe you would see me. >> died three weeks before -- >> died three weeks before i saw her, yes. >> reporter: campaigners want the inquiry of hundreds of children in drug trials in the homes. christopher kirwin believes there were injections but can't find any record of what they
were. they have to find out what was going on. i'm very upset because i'm the same as everybody else and no other person i know has anything like this, so why should i be treated any differently. >> reporter: these are stories from a very different ireland. the inquiry has been promised full cooperation by the nuns and by glaxosmithkline, whose predecessors ran the trials. the one senior figure insists no babies were adopted or vaccinated without a mother's permission. >> we have staff, good staff, some of them are still with us, and i think it is sad that it has come to this. we give our lives to looking after the girls. and we're certainly not -- >> reporter: the inquiry has search and questions for church
and state. the high mortality rates in the homes, and the location of dead infants' graves are two of the most poignant questions awaiting explanation. and as in other homes, only a small number of those who died have a marked grave. both church and state will find themselves in the dark during the commission of inquiry. but for the irish nation, there are also larger questions, for those who worked in institutions or in state bodies and didn't speak out. for the irish media, now so vigorous in its reporting of clerical abuse, but which for decades failed to hold power to account. there are questions for all who grew up in that ireland, about the kind of society we tolerated for so long. now to extreme weather conditions these days. 20 passengers and crew have been injured as severe turbulence hit their plane, traveling from
johannesburg to hong kong. emergency workers there were waiting for the plane. they took the injured off to hospital. the flight hit turbulence as it flew over malaysia. the pilot told the authorities in hong kong they needed help as soon as they landed. want to take on board as well, in the world of comics, there has been a move likely to rather shake it to its foundation. the superhero thor is to change sex. the hammer wielding thunder god first appeared in a marvel adventure in 1962. the company now says a new series is being written with a female thor. it is part of an effort to attract more women and girls to superhero comic books. girl power lives on. it would seem. stay with us, coming up in the next half hour on "gmt," after more violence in east ukrai ukraine, the european union is considering at least the possibility of further sanctions
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bbc world news, with me, david eades. in this half hour, ukraine pushes for tougher sanctions against russia as tensions on the border grow. counteraccusations from moscow and kiev as the violence continues and the military hardware fills up on that border. also, stop the world, i want to get off. is technology spinning us around too fast? and could technology have the answer to that very problem? also in the program, aaron is here. good news from china, aaron. >> david, staying on target.
the world's second largest economy delivers solid groewth, powering ahead at 7.5%. not everyone is happy. there are major concerns that china's housing bubble will burst and that, that could derail its recovery. > hello. european union leaders will be gathering in brussels today to discuss further sanctions against russia. all aimed at forcing moscow to put pressure on separatists in eastern ukraine to put down their weapons. well, fighting in the regions of luhansk and donetsk go on. separatists and government troops accusing one another of causing widespread damage. russia denies arming and supporting those separatists. and, across the border, russia is beginning to feel the effect of the fighting. the foreign ministry says
ukrainian shell hit the russian town of donetsk, killing one person. and seriously injuring two others. let's get a view of the situation as it is. daniel sanford is in moscow, having just got back, from the russian side of the border. >> yes, that's right. the eu leaders are prepared to meet in brussels in the last hour. we already heard from angela merkel, spokesman who says she's very disappointed with what the russians have done so far in terms of trying to lead talks towards peace. david cameron, the british prime minister, is said to be pushing for further sanctions, in conversations between angela merkel and president obama. all the time that those possible future sanctions are being discussed, the war of words going on between moscow and keefe as thkiev as they point the finger at each other as to who is to blame for various aspects, kiev accusing russia of shooting down one of its planes. the russians accusing kiev of firing shells across the border
into russia. we have been down to the town where that incident happened on a trip organized by the russian ministry of defense. with us on the trip, a group of military attache from moscow who has been brought down by the ministry of defense to see the aftermath of what appears to have been a shell that came across the border from ukraine, on sunday morning. >> 1968. >> reporter: the shell landed in a yard of a small country house in the military attaches from europe and from asia have been brought all the way here from moscow, two-hour flight and another two-hour drive, to see where the shell landed and the house where somebody died. in the settlement, i found victor, who said he had known
the man who died since he was a boy. his own sister was also injured in the shelling. we can't go on like this, he told me. it is terrifying. everyone faces their own fate, but we're just country folk. we're not to blame for this. it is the politicians. and it all began with kiev. other shells landed here, a couple dozen meters away. again, the military attaches from moscow are being shown around. it is all part of the information war that is being fought between the russian government and ukrainian government, each trying to put the blame on the other, for the fighting. ukrainians deny the shells that came over the border came from their forces. the russians on the other hand insist that they have been the victims of an artillery attack from the crew jani ukrainian si >> the best way to prevent it is to stop the source of the
violence. the violence is in ukraine. and the violence is really at this point because of the separatists who are unwilling to accept a cease-fire that president poroshenko proposed. the other way to stop the violence is to prevent the resources that feed the fight. >> reporter: and as we spoke, there was a steady stream of refugees coming across the frontier, fleeing the fighting in eastern ukraine. and amidst all the finger pointing, we were able to briefly break away from the trip organized by ministry of defense and go and talk to some of those refugees who are fleeing what is in effect a small scale war are in eastern ukraine. our army, they're on the hill, they destroyed everything. they got apc, tanks, howitzers, the streets have been destroyed. there is nothing left. just naked earth.
>> don't be afraid. nobody is going to shoot you here. you're okay. >> well, daniel, this whole crisis has been like a turbulent ride across the stormy water in many ways, hasn't it? now we have the prospect at least of further sanctions. do those sanctions in themselves, do you think, have any effect on the way in which moscow perceives its next steps to be in this conflict? >> well, as with chronology, there has to be a degree of relations. what russia appears to be doing is riding a high wire. they desperately want to maintain their interests in eastern ukraine. that partly seems to be about destabilizing the kiev government. they don't want the revolution in kiev in february to have been a success. and so it is quite important for them, it seems, that eastern ukraine should be destabilized and, of course, that involves supporting those in eastern ukraine who want to either have
some kind of much higher autonomy or break away from ukraine and hence the kiev government say that's why russia is supplying the rebels with heavy weaponry. but at the same time, russia is worried about very, very heavy sanctions, sanctions against the energy sector, but they're gambling that the european union isn't prepared it go that far, that they're just not prepared to endure what would happen if they tried, for example, to stop by from russia. all the while, russia is gambling that the sanctions that the eu is prepared to impose won't actually harm it. >> daniel, thanks very much indeed. we'll be talking technology, but actually aaron is with us for the business now. technology and apple and ibm, doesn't get much better than that. >> hard to think apple and ibm, right? competitors. thanks, david. hello. for decades, these two tech
giants have battled for customers to dominate pc, the pc market, the personal computing market. in this new era of mobile phones, and tablets, the two foes, they're becoming friends. apple is teaming up with ibm to create simple to use business apps and sell iphones and ipads to ibm's corporate customers. we know the engineers from the two companies there are developing more than 100 apps to various industries and they're expecting to make them available sometime this fall. let's go straight over to our very own tech reporter, david lee. great to see you and have you on the program as always. several years ago this would have been unthinkable. come on. two huge competitors, they're coming together. now i'm hearing it is a good deal for both. i'm wondering is it a better deal for ibm? >> well, both of the companies think it is just a good feature. this is a few years ago unexpected. the landscape shifted in the
market, that's a sign that the deal has to take place. for apple, this is a chance to have ibm's business credentials and for ibm, a chance to do what they do, apple products to sell all over. it is a big deal. perhaps bigger for ibm as it drifted away from some of the hardware stuff that apple does, but for both it looks like a good decision. >> we don't have a lot of time. briefly, what sort yapps are we talking about? >> we know very few details. likely that ibm's big data is a big part of this, crunching a lot of numbers very fast to give people business intelligence. >> okay. i've got to ask you this, because you look at these two giants, coming together, teaming up, i'm wondering if this new team with devices, business related, could be the final nail in the coffin for poor old struggling blackberry. >> blackberry has been clinging on for the last couple of years. this could be like we say the thing that makes those last
customers who use it for work, for business, this could be the final thing, that means the blackberry doesn't have a purpose anymore in the market. so yes, you're right. that could be the case. >> interesting to watch and see. dave, great stuff, mate. david lee from our newsroom. let's talk about china, where growth is picking up again at a rate, i'll tell you what, at a rate better than expected. the world's second biggest economy accelerated by 7.5% in the second quarter. that second quarter three-month period. this is compared to a year ago. hitting the growth target sit by premier li's government. but not everyone is happy. can't please them all. some experts, commentators, are concerned short-term growth goals are hurting longer term reform plans. catherine noon at fidelity explained to us earlier why she thinks these concerns are unjustified for now. >> a lot of people are arguing that emphasis is on growth now.
it is not that simple. it is a fine balance. i think a big red flag would be a huge stimulus plan like we saw during the global financial crisis because that ended, you know, with huge capital misallocation in the country and inflati inflation. it is tweaking on the way investors should expect this kind of tweaking but even if the economy slowed to 6%, maybe in terms 5.5%, a corporate can make very attractive profits and also in this low growth world we live in, it is still very, very attractive. >> attractive indeed. even though the growth numbers impressed, there are still inherent risks lurking in the chinese economy. there are concerns that a sharp slowdown in the property market, that's important, the property market makes up 20% of china's economy, a slowdown there could be derail the government's efforts to keep that growth rate at 7.5% or more. we have a report from hangzhou wan in eastern china. >> reporter: despite the looming
clouds on the economic horizon, hangzhou has just kept on building. now, though, it may have become the first to face the storm of overcapacity and unsold housing stock. this year something previously unheard of is rife, massive property discounting. this brand-new apartment is being advertised with 30% off, leaving those who paid the original price furious. china has been through property wobbles before. the question this time is whether it is just another adjustment or something more serious and systemic. some observers suggest if this country's massive construction boom really is unwinding in a catastrophic way it could wipe two percentage points or more off gdp at a stroke. many analysts fear that china's property market for years, such
an important engine of growth, has begun to pose the biggest risk and there is talk of further government action to support home sales. others, though, like this estate agent, say the danger is limited. chinese families have lower debts than those in the west, so they're less vulnerable to price falls. and anyway, he says, it is all about the sheer weight of numbers. people from the country side are still flooding to the cities, for better education and better life, he tells me. the demand will always be there. for chinese, the government agrees. it is urbanization, it says, that will ultimately keep growth on track. but it is so critics are beginning to wonder why are so many new homes still empty and why are prices so damp? bbc news, hangzhou. let's talk -- attractive, isn't it? i got the finished product right here. look at these babies.
you will notice if you're smart about your sausages, these are honest british snags. british bangers, unlike dishonest german sausages. german sausages have seen people -- the germans love them, but it seems they haven't been entirely honest with their customers because regulators in berlin have found that a group of 21 sausage manufacturers have been fixing prices for several decades. the cartel. it is known as the atlantic group named after the hotel in hamburg where these companies first kind of quietly got together to discuss how to collaborate on prices. well, now they have been fined a total of $460 million. germany, this is something i didn't know, germany has 1,500 different types of snags. that's a lot of sausage. the price fixing conspiracy came about because, well, obviously with 1500 it was seen as too complex to set individual price increases, so they set yearly
price increases. what do you think of that? follow me on twitter, tweet m me @bbcaaron. i don't think it is fair that i take all of these home with me. and i'm sure you won't mind, barbecuing these up, after a day of being handled by -- >> you can't show how sausages are made and expect someone to eat one, can you? >> no. you want to stay away from that. >> thank you very much indeed. thanks for watching "gmt." stay with us here on "bbc world news." still to come, too much technology or simply not enough? we'll be looking at the latest data which says most people, they want to return to a simpler life. really... so our business can be on at&t's network for $175 dollars a month? yup. all five of you for $175. our clients need a lot of attention. there's unlimited talk and text. we're working deals all day. you get 10 gigabytes of data to share. what about expansion potential?
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hello i'm david eades. top stories this hour. a court rules that the dutch government who is responsible for the killings of more than 300 bosnian men from the srebrenica massacre. air strikes on targets in gaza continues as hamas keeps up rocket fire on israel. more than 200 palestinians and one israeli have been killed. now, there is a good chance that you may be looking at your phone right now. not just watching the tv. just turns out most people admit they spend far too much time looking at screens these days. in a survey, 60% of people agreed that they are constantly looking at screens. and that rises more than 70% here in britain, but also in china and australia. in a separate question, 55% of people worldwide said they wished they had a simpler life.
and in china, a full 78% of people said they prefer a slower pace to go with that. others in the survey said they thought technology could be part of the solution to a happy life. how does this technology affect you? lucas delong took his iphone to the streets to ask london tourists. >> reporter: no one can argue that screen aren't playing a huge part this our lives, whether an iphone like this one, or an ipad, laptop computer screen. but are they making our lives simpler? are they making us happier? or is it making everything a little bit more complicated? >> you got to embrace it, i guess. i tried to do that. i struggle a bit. what it does is amazing but i'm not sure it makes my life easier. >> i think it is important, the technology. i live abroad. so in this way i can communicate with my family. >> we can get everything quicker at our fingertips. before we would just -- we were left to our own means. now we're on the phone.
>> do you think it added to life's simplicity and making society a better place or think it is maybe a bit of a disadvantage? >> everything is easier and accessible. i think if anything it makes it worse, but it is technology. we have to go with it. >> people are hooked on it now. it is like they can't step out the door without their phone, and if they're separated from the phone for five minutes, they just get stressed out and it has its advantages, but people rely on it way too much. >> well, with me is chloe curtain who according to her own twitter account is a super geek and proud. she's the creative director of tech startup this place and develops software. i'm getting more terrified by the minute. we get some of the contradictions in modern life from that taste around london. perhaps a generational thing as
well. do you think technology is making life frankly more complicated? >> i mean, like so, it is different for different people. for me, personally, it makes my life a lot easier. and it is actually part of what i do every single day. i'm working with computers -- >> you are stuck on screens? >> i don't like to think of it as stuck. i am consumed by it. it is my passion. >> to what extent? give us an idea. in terms of back home, what have you got, a tv, a laptop, and a phone? >> i have, like, three laptops, probably three tablets, two phones and then you've got your playstation, we did a count the other night, probably 15 things that are connected to the internet, just in a house with two people and a little dog. >> yeah. how many of these have the dog got. that is the point. we haven't seen it yet, the future is still so much bigger than the past. this is going to carry on as
well. how do we cope? how do people start to cope? how can technology help, do you think? >> that's a good question. and you know, my role of what we do is called user experience. and part of our aim is to make technology more accessible and easier to handle. so the problems that people are seeing, and, you know, the overwhelming feeling, there are people like me and people in small companies and big companies who are trying to work to make it feel less of a chore and more part of making life easier. >> in which case, when those developments come in, if we're looking ten years hence, will we look back to now and the guy at the end who said, this is too much, these are the housian days, never going to be an easier, calmer way of living than now. only going to get faster and, i mean, plenty more potential, but more of a rush like. >> i hope so. i think the future will give people more of a choice as well. at the moment, i can understand
it feels like you don't have a choice, you must have a phone. i hope in the future, when technology is more part of our lives you can have -- the consumer will have a choice about how they feel about these things. >> one day settle down and make our own decisions. >> i think it will feel more natural. >> let's hope so. chloe, thanks very much indeed. cemeteries in west virginia are traditionally the top of mountains. over the years many of them have become completely surrounded by mines and that's what happened to the family burial sites of dustin white and david cook. we went with them on a visit. >> the first time i came up here after they had started mining, i just got sick to my stomach because i knew what this mountain once looked like. and it is not even recognizable anymore.
these cemeteries have been in our family line for over 200 years and we're completely surrounded by active mining now. >> they're up on the hillside, on top of the mountain, the closer to god. we'll be escorted on the mountaintop site. >> now we're waiting for them to provide us an escort, they'll give us a time that we have to be here and we tend to have to sit here for a while before someone comes to meet us. i feel it is part of their tactic. they want to discourage us to come visit the cemeteries and they do a pretty good job.
after about 50 minutes of waiting at the complex guard shack, we're now on our way to the guard shack for the entrance to the cook mountain mine site. so we have to go through hazard training for every site that we have to go on. >> this is all that remains of the original mountain. we're standing at the grave of my seventh great grandfather, william shatline fought in the civil war as a union soldier. >> being at the grave makes me feel that i know they're there, i feel their presence. i'm there with them. we have got to be the voice for these people. try to keep check on the boundaries to make sure that the coal companies stay their distance. >> in west virginia there. let me remind you, our top story on "gmt," a court in the netherlands has ruled that the
dutch government was responsible for the deaths of more than 300 of the thousands of bosnian muslims massacred in srebrenica in 1995. relatives of the victims have sued the government over the failure of dutch peacekeeping troops to prevent those killings by bosnian serb forces. and that is "gmt" for today. thanks for watching. [ male announcer ] we know they're out there. you can't always see them. but it's our job to find them. the answers. the solutions. the innovations. all waiting to help us build something better. something more amazing. a safer, cleaner, brighter future. at boeing, that's what building something better is all about. ♪ so, what'd you think of the house? did you see the school rating? oh, you're right. hey, babe, i got to go. bye, daddy. have a good day at school, okay? ♪
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the doctor: get down! argh! they're following us. and the good news is? their lifespans are running out. so, we hide, wait for them to die. i have to stop being a time lord. i'm going to become human. chameleon arch. rewrites my biology. "journal of impossible things." such imagination. become quite a hobby. he's different from any man you've ever met, right? yes. had to go and fall in love with a human. and it wasn't me. if they find us, martha -- open the watch. sometimes i say things and they turn out to be correct. [ pulsing ] aah! they've found us. [ sniff ] oh, my god -- where's the watch? what are you talking about?