tv BBC World News BBC America August 21, 2014 7:00am-8:01am EDT
hello. you're watching "gmt" on bbc world news. i'm lucy hockings. he has been called the world's most hunted man. the hunt is on for the man that beheaded james foley. we'll be asking what drives young foreign men to travel to the middle east and fight for the islamic state and what can be done about it. ambush in gaza. at least six palestinians are killed in air strikes including
commanders. what lessons can be learned from police forces in other parts of the country? >> 25 years ago we would not have had this conversation. there would have been an enormous amount of -- >> aaron is here. real problems for a major u.s. brand in russia. >> doesn't get much bigger than this brand. it's under scrutiny closing four stores? moscow and inspecting others around the country. we're going to ask is this just tit for tat sanctions between russia and the west. it's midday london, 7:00 a.m. washington, 2:00 p.m. mosul dam northern iraq where united states has continued air strikes a day after islamic state
released a horrific video showing the killing of journalist james foley. security forces confirmed to bbc the family of james foley received an angry e-mail apparently from captors about a week before he was beheaded. the e mail said he was going to be killed in retaliation for air strikes from the u.s. military. the sl what could drive someone towards extreme views by someone expressed by the islamic state? we have been speaking to a british recruit to i.s. who shares views intolerable to majority but strongly held. you may find his comments distressing. >> who is this man? yesterday we saw him kill american journalist james foley. he's apparently british which we know little else. his actions condemned by so many
have been praised by fellow members of the islamic state. i've been speaking to two british jihadists today about their reaction to the video. they both told me they believed he was an american soldier not a journalist. i've been speaking to one of the men three months by instant messaging services. he's given insight into the brutality of british men fighting a long side the group islamic state. he is referenced to a dead al qaeda cleric he resembles. he's a 27-year-old british pakistani. he's been part of the advance in aleppo. he says he went to syria to fight the assad regime accused of atrocities. he eventually joined the islam pick state. >> it was the possible group fighting for return. other groups claimed to be islamic. actions proved otherwise.
>> after capturing towns around aleppo from other rebel groups last week, islamic state beheaded a number of captured fighters. i asked if it was true. >> yeah, we kind of beheaded some guys. i believe maybe four, three or four guys that we beheaded. may have been more. i'm not aware of them. i'm aware of three or four guys i beheaded and put the heads back as usual in the town center. the reason for heads in the town center is to be more reliesed or cause fear in the hearts amongst us. there's spies amongst us. >> islamic state say they killed foley in response to u.s. air strikes against the group in iraq. before the strikes had taken place, i asked this fighter what the response would be to any american action against them. his answers at times sounded like pure propaganda. >> bring your soldiers.
your american soldiers. your british soldiers. bring them all to isis. we'll send them one by one in corpses. america doesn't need to attack isis in iraq for us to attack them back. america started a war against muslims long time ago. so even if american troops do not come on our soil, we'll come to american soil. you slaughtered brothers a and sisters. >> for much of my interaction with him, he was softly spoken. i asked what led him down this radical path. >> living the life of opposite past really. just around so much. just start questioning yourself what am i doing type thing. being lost in this world.
i question what am i doing. >> there's huge concern amongst the muslim community here in the uk and elsewhere over what islamic state represents. so much so that some have released a video rejecting the organization's beliefs. let's show you that video now. >> it's extremely horrifying and terribly upsetting to see that beheading, killing, persecution of people taking place in the name of islam. every soul is precious in islam. whosoever kills a soul of a muslim, it says any soul, it is they have killed whole of humanity. >> if terror is going killing
innocent people, islam has nothing to do with it. >> they're raising concern in the online message. we just saw the report. our security correspondent frank gardener. the last comment made by the man you're interviewing in syria, he sounds like a young lad from around the streets where i live. it is shocking. do you get the sense this radicalization with these young men is on the rise? >> the one thing that struck me most about our interaction was how softly spoken he was. i know clips we heard there were shocking. much of the other conversation we had, he seemed like a normal, british young man. he talked about his family, about relationships, about food he miss ed from the uk. what i think is really quite striking is just how normal, in quoation mark as i say, some of
these men are. i believe at the moment in parts of uk, we're seeing a subset of younger muslim community who belief the acti leave actions of the islamic state are justified. the vast majority would bed discusted by the video of foley some feel this is their duty. >> he made comments the only way he'd come back to uk is with a bomb to blow up britain. newsletters are handed out in london about things like this. how does do intelligence services monitor this activity? >> they've been slow to realize the gravity and scale of threat not just britain but to europe. it's gathered pace slowly.
initially there was this idea that if people want to go off to syria, well that's their loss to their danger. actually now there's a realization more than half that go to syria to join extremist troops are coming back to uk. >> do we have a number? >> 500 to 700 france, similar number from belgium. it's thought to be 2,000 to 2500 european jihadist going out to join islamic state. if you look at numbers continuing to join, it's huge. the syria for human rights put out figures saying in the last month, over 6,000 volunteers have joined islamic state. 20% are from outside syria and iraq. a lot of coming from europe.
>> you've spoken to young men radicaliz radicalized. we hear from families and police saying they're working together to combat this. why is the message not getting through? >> it's a difficult job. as soon as the leaders start working with police, the fact to anyone who has this kind of radical belief, they become part of the enemy. if one well known for working with government agency for example comes into contact with someone who has extremists, they will say you were a government agent. why should i listen to you? it's a difficult job. i think from my own interaction with these young men, one way that seems to be possible to reach out to them and make them question whether what's happening in syria, whether the actions of islamic state are islamic justified. it's when i asked them for
example the profit mohamed for example would he approve of beheading a journalist and placing his head on top of his back for example, did they really engage and thought well actually does islam allow this kind of mutilation. >> the head of beheading of tribe's people is happening across the region at the moment. we have been focussing on the death of james foley which was of course tragic. i know you have details you've heard in the past few minutes of what happened there and also of the jihadist holding other hostages in syria. >> we have had confirmation from people in the middle east that there suddenly are three british jihadist guarding prisoners who have been held by islam pick state. probably in northern syria, probably the de facto capital. it's talked about quite some time the british jihadist are amongst the most of the captors.
they beat their captives. james foley got a hard time because he's american. even though he was by nature apparently an easy going guy, he probably got beaten more than others. ransoms paid are huge. millions of per person. britains and america do not pay ranso ransoms. 11 western hostages have been able to get out because money changes hands. money is relatively small compared to vast amounts islamic state have got. nevertheless they organize this as an actual business. hostage taking, ransoming, propaganda, human shield purposes and if that fails, they get the money. >> we have to leave it there. thank you both for joining us. now we can keep a cross the crisis in iraq on the website. what's happening on the ground as well with the fighting. there's background and analysis for you on islamic state as well
as the humanitarian crisis. just showing how much territory they hold at the moment, go to bbc.com/news/iraq. time to bring you up to date with other news now. one of two american aid workers that contracted ebola in liberia has been released. kent brantley and nancy were flown to atlanta to be treated in an isolation unit. brantley has said to be recovered after given the ex experimental drug. the general who led the coup has been appointed new prime minister in thailand. police in indonesia have used tear gas and water cannons to drive protestors near the constitutional court in the
capital. the court now is preparing to deliver the verdict on claims of fraud in july's presidential election. supporters of the defeated candidate has tried to break through barriers around the court building. the winner of the vote has strongly contested allegations of fraud. do stay with us here on bbc world news. coming up. as violence escalates in eastern ukraine, we're speaking to a journalist who heads to the besieged city. the new samsung galaxy tab s, the worlds most entertaining device with a color... colorfully brilliant screen that blows the competition out of the water. what is this? i thought i was doing the announcing... stunningly thin and effortlessly light..." i was literally about to say that. it certainly has the best screen of any samsung tablet. and i would add... or of any tablet, period. or of any tablet, period. see, buddy... teamwork. introducing the galaxy tab s with twice the resolution of hdtv, it's the world's most entertaining device.
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three of the dead are children. let's take you to gaza. kevin conley is in jerusalem for us. yolande, reaction to deaths of three senior commanders. . >> there's been a huge turnout at the funeral for these three commanders south of the gaza strip. these are three men who were well known names here in gaza and really have been celebrated by the brigades for their achievements. israel says they were involved in building tunnels used for r cross border attackattacks, no e weapons and also the plan to capture the israeli soldier here held for five years. >> i have to ask reaction kevin. is it a feeling coming from israel? >> i certainly think of this as
the kind of operation that israel has been trying to carry out probably since this conflict started. the israeli armed forces are as they like to see them. it demonstrates they have accurate, real time intelligence coming from gaza and have the capacity to act on it. so when israeli prime minister netanyahu appeared in the televised news conference last night, he seemed to be preparing public opinion for what would be a long war rather than a quick or easy victory. this is much more the kind of campaign that israelis would like to see. they do believe that removing key figures in the military leadership of hamas will weaken the morale and weaken ability to carry on through a long campaign. there's certainly a sense of satisfaction here. israel still believes it's an open question as to whether or not the overall military commander of hamas survived the
attempt to assassinate him 24 hours before the operation. there's no question israel would see this as a victory and the kind of victory for which its been looking. >> any talks at all about talks about truce or diplomacy at all? >> benjamin netanyahu made talks of horizons opening up. it's hard to see much life in the political process. look around the horizon, no new initiatives. i think both sides may be ready to seek a way out of this, but they are trapped by politics of middle east. israel, politically netanyahu for internal reasons, cannot afford to let hamas have a
victory without concession to show its own people. as long as that remains the people, it's hard to see how it can be resolved. >> yolande, netanyahu telling israelis they're in for a long campaign. that must be the feeling there as well in gaza? >> that's certainly the feeling with people i've been speak together. there's a belief the brigades, hamas warned to have revenge on israel for killing of three senior commanders. we've had defiant messages coming out after what was an assassination attempt on the top of the military wing of hamas after the israeli air strike killed his wife and infant son. their funerals took place just one day ago. the brigade said foreign airlines should no longer fly to
tel aviv suggesting it was planning to continue the use of longer range missiles which have been used to target tel aviv and jerusalem in the the past. >> thank you for joining us. we've seen an easy calm in ferguson, missouri, the suburb in st. louis has seen clashes in recent days after the black teenager was killed by the white police officer. there were no major clashes with protestors last night. >> no molotov cocktails, no fires, no shootings. we did not see a single handgun. there were no confrontations. just like tuesday night, tonight we deployed no smoke, no tear gas, no mace. again tonight, police fired not a single bullet. >> the standoff we have seen
between police and african-american protestors in ferguson are not new. in the streets of missouri, they're remanenembe reminiscent 1992. >> we are getting word this evening of rock throwing in south central los angeles where the verdicts are from the rising of the king beating. >> 1992, south central los angeles, violence and looting spread across the city. the los angeles police department was institutionally racist. the beating of rodney king was the proof on video tape of an everyday reality. >> for years, people had a grievance about what they call police abuse. what rodney king did on video tape validated every abuse
complaint that people ever had. they were able to point it out and say that happened to me. >> when the policemen responsible were acquitted, the city exploded. dozens died in six days of violence. they're saying the same thing in ferguson, missouri today. two days after michael brown was killed in ferguson, a 24-year-old was shot dead by police in la. he was unarmed and had learning difficulties. the protests here have not been as big or violent. witnesses say he was lying face down and shot in the back. the la police department says in a struggle he went for the officer's gun. communities are furious. the la police chief came to the community meeting to hear people's concerns. are there were many.
>> my question is when is this going to be ignited and fixed? >> how many more times are we going to come here to hear the same old you know what? >> there's anger here after the shooting of ford. it's a remarkable contrast to reaction we've seen in ferguson, missouri. this is a community meeting for people able to take the microphone and talk directly to the police chief. >> 20 to 25 years ago we would not have had this information. there would have been an enormous amount where community would not trust us. >> a lot changed after the la riots. the police chief resigned. more black and hispanic officers were recruited. they had to bring in the national guard in overwhelming force.
ending the violence in ferguson, missouri will be hard enough. finding a long term solution will take many years of rebuilding trusts. bbc news la. if you think panasonic is an electronic giant, you'd be right. now it's turning its hand to growing vegetables. now it's branched out to smart phones and cameras. it's growing lettuce and radish in singapore. most vegetables there are imported. their business plan is make it more efficient. stay with us coming up the next half hour on "gmt." we'll have more on the deadly ebola outbreak. i'll talk to the chief scientific advisor about the global battle to contain the virus. i'll speak to one of the western journalist in the ukrainian city of luhansk. there's escalating conflict in that city and donetsk as well and ongoing humanitarian crisis
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we find out what has been happening in the ukrainian city of luhansk. we've had very few verifiable reports from the city about the escalating violence and humanitarian crisis. we'll speak to one of the only journalists who's been there. the tackling ebola and call for research that could show how it is spread. aaron is looking at new ways
of advertising. >> lucy, take a look at this. yeah, do you see the new face of the national ad campaign? 6,000 women in india applied to be in this maybelline ad. it's not just the product but to get you to be part of the brand. welcome back to "gmt." we start with news from the news agency. the first of nearly 30 trucks and russian aid convoy has crossed the border into ukraine. that convoy had been held up for days wild while the red cross and ukrainian authorities verified what was in the trucks. are there had been concerns from ukrainian authorities that military hardware was on board.
we are now hearing that first truck has crossed over the border. heavy fighting is continuing in the east of ukraine. government forces push back against the pro russian rebels. 2,000 have died since mid april. hundreds of thousands have fled the violence. conflict gained international outrage after the shooting down of malaysian flight last month killing all 283 passengers. the bodies of 50 malaysians are on their way back to their home country. >> mh 17 crashed in donetsk in eastern ukraine. there's been fierce fighting in the area since the government sent in troops to take back territory sieged by separatist gunmen earlier this year. pro russian forces have lost considerable ground. this is the land they used to control back in april. it's now pushed back into torane areas. who controls what?
dessert issed streets in luhansk where pro russian separatist are surrounded by ukrainian military with reports of heavy fighting and shelling. tens of thousands have fled in the city suffering acute shortages of food and water. the other main rebel strong hold is donetsk which forces are trying to retake. they're finding it hard to cut off the separatist supply line. the rebellion in eastern ukraine, nato accuses them of supplying military equipment. tanks, rocket launchers and surface to air systems thought to have brought down mh 17 are believed to have been sent across the porous border. donetsk's new rebel leader she has 1200 fighters were trained in russia thought to have 20,000 troops on its side of the border. since the crisis began, the u.n. says around 340,000 have been forced to flee their homes.
well over 2,000 people and rising have been killed including civilians, soldiers, and rebels. 5,000 have been injured. that's an average of 60 casualties everyday. new york times journalist andrew cramer is one of the few western journalist who's been in the city of liuhansk. he joins me from donetsk. it's been so difficult for us over the past few days to verify exactly what has been happening in lieu happens. can you give us an idea of the scale of the fighting there and the humanitarian situation as well? >> thank you for having me on. i was in li
i was in lithere last week. firing in the city is constant. you see long lines for water, bread, medicine. the main and pressing humanitarian problem for residents of luhansk is the ongoing war and artillery and risk this poses to their lives. >> is there electricity and running water? >> no electricity or running water. people stand in line maybe four or five hours for water out of springs. the city comes alive around 6:00 in the morning. people obtain water, take it to their houses. by afternoon, it's entirely desserted and the fighting picks up. >> andrew, we had reports a few days ago of this convoy of refugees that came under attack. does that also mean people in luhansk have heard this and are also scared to even try to leave the city as well? >> that's right. it's very difficult to leave the official escape corridor is
considered to be quite dangerous even for people flying white flags outside their cars. anybody that can get out most are likely has. elderly and poor people remain in the city. >> and they're worried about so much of shelling is not pinpoint, not accurate. >> there's scatter shots shelling into the city from ukrainian side. to be fair, the rebels are positioning artillery ground to ground rockets and other ranged weapons. they're having just fired outgoing artillery by bread lines and water lines. there's answering fire from ukrainians. >> what do people in lithink isg
to happen? >> they're cut off from the internet and only source of information are transition radios receiving most areally russian broadcasts. they first want a settlement. they would be happen i if russians came in. it's not safe to voice pro ukrainian opinions. in any case, to have an end to violence or have the other side take control of the city. >> andrew, thank you for joining frustrate donetsk to shed light over what is going on in the besieged city of luhansk. they're saying there's a humanitarian crisis. now the battle against ebola, we have a development in the last hour and a half or so. the american aid work their c contracted ebola in liberia has
recovered. kent brantley and another aid worker nancy rite bold have been treated. they're treated with the trial drug used on a handful of patients in the west african outbreak. the british government department for international development, chris is part of a program they're calling for research to look at how to strengthen the knowledge and information of ebola and how to treat it. can i ask you first about the fact it apparently seems to have worked on this one doctor. so much further to go obviously. should we be seeing this as encouraging? >> we should see this as encouraging. we have to remember even in countries that don't have that, only half the people in the current outbreak are dying. the fact one person has survived we shouldn't necessarily believe it's due to the drug. >> that's less than originally
told. when this outbreak started, we were told 90% of the people that contracted it could die. >> what's different is the string that looked similar to this, the mortality, people dying, was much higher. in the current outbreak, it's half of people that receive medical care. if people don't receive medical care, it's going to be higher. >> does that mean the virus is mutating or this is a weaker strain? >> there are a number of possible reasons. one is the medical care people like some are providing. the second is the virus may slightly different. people in west africa may also respond differently. >> you're calling on teams from around the world to submit research proposals. what type of information do you hope to receive?
>> we need three things. firsz thing obviously we want to try to improve the treatment for people that have ebola. it's a lot better than there was in the past. we think we can improve by simple things. optimizing fluid management for example. the second thing is try to do things that help to reduce transmission. it occurs in three settings. in hospitals, people caring for sick people outside of hospitals and funerals. >> before you continue because ebola just to clarify is transmitted through bodily fluid only. >> that's right. it's not like flu. if you had ebola and i didn't touch you, i wouldn't be worried sitting next to you. ebola is only possible to catch if you have contact with the person or bodily fluids like diarrhea or vomit. >> there's a huge problem in liberia now. we can see pictures in terms of the public health messages and people not believing what they're hearing from their
governments. that mistrust now exists between people and aid workers and health workers trying to help them. >> absolutely. one of the things we want to try to cover is exactly that. people's response to ebola, how they're understanding messages people give, and examples like funerals. how can we allow people to be respectful of families and not contract the disease? >> good luck with research proposals. thanks for joining us. >> thank you. time to catch up with business news. aaron is with us now. mcdonald's is a big brand. they're in trouble in russia. >> let me explain. hello there. four mcdonald's restaurants in moscow have been closed and more around the country will be inspected. a lot of this raising questions about whether this is in
retaliation for western sanctions. russia's prime minister says there's no plan for a total check of mcdonald's outlets across russia. steve rosen berg has this. this is the scare in heart of moscow. every time i come here, i remember 25 years ago mcdonald's opened the first doors here. i was studying here and came down. the crowds were incredible. the queue went all the way around the square. it took me three hours to get inside and be served. such was the level of excitement that american burgers were burst through the iron curtain and served up in moscomoscow. today it's a different story. there's no customers because it's shut. the food watchdog has ordered the temporary closure.
the watchdog said there's a number of tests conducted because they've uncovered numerous violations. it says priority remains to provide a safe action quality product. what's interesting is before the closures were announced, there was a pronounce outside this restaurant. a giant toilet was parked out side here to register complaints at the kind of food being sold inside. critics of the government argue this has nothing to do with food safety. it's all about go politics. relations between us russia and west are at the lowest. the suspicion is because mcdonalds is one of the symbols of america, that's why it's encountering problems now. it's not just mcdonald's.
a number of russian mp's called for checks on other u.s. brands like burger king and kfc. what do people think about this ban on their burgers? >> personally i prefer soup and russian dumplings. i know a lot of young people do like burgers. >> i think 99% of this is politics that grows in restaurants, russia's response to western sanctions. >> the authorities say they're going to be more checks of mcdonald's across the country. it does seem as if not the public then the people in power are losing their appetite for american fast food. steve rosenburg, bbc news moscow. there you go. burgers or soup and dumplings. take your pick. let's have a look again. nope. no sound. one advertising trend that sprung up in india recently is
brands encouraging customers not just to buy the products but be involved in promotional campaigns. it's dubbed user generated advertising. it can really work in a country dominated by billboards and newspaper advertisements? we have the report from delhi. >> would you make a video of yourself kidding to promote lip balm? 6,000 across india did exactly that. american makeup brand turned those pictures into a three minute music video. it's part of the bigger movement in india. many of us today use content adas part of day-to-day life. whether a comment on a website or comment on facebook or
instagram. now the industry is speaking back on this idea asking people to get involved in marketing campaigns to brands they like by contributes to the latest commercial. india launched the the new by giving customers the way to drive. the campaign was the nationwide search for the best drivers and filmed like a reality show giving the brand extensive publicity. >> as we allowed people to experience the vehicle, their true emotions about the vehicle, the excitement, positive attributes that they saw in the product came out in a natural way. we found it to be powerful. it's real, convincing than anything we just as the corporate manufacture would tell a consumer. >> as this type of advertising, new creative companies like this
are in demand. this specializes in digital marketing creating new campaigns and managing twitter and facebook pages of big brands. >> that ability of brands to celebrate a consumer whether them getting a biline in a bag lean or them highlighting the fact that the 30 second song is sung by them. i think that gives consumers a sense of truth. we like our two seconds of fame. that's why this also works from a consumer context. that means for advertisers, the writing is on the wall. it's time to work out how to best engage with the new consumer. bbc news delhi. >> interesting stuff. let me touch on other stories making headlines around the world. the u.s. department of justice reported to be close to a settlement with bank of america. authorities could release fins
of $17 billion to settle claims that's country wide misled customers when it sold them investments backed by risky home loans. twe treasury wine estates reported the first annual loss due to sales in china and u.s. market. the world's largest wine company posted a net loss of $94 million. slow sales last year led to the group destroying thousands of bottles of excess wine at its u.s. division. enough to break your heart. a lot going on. follow me on twitter. i'll tweet you back. get me @bbc aaron. all those bottles of wine. >> you like a glass of wine? >> i don't mind a glass of mine. in 12 minutes you're on holiday. have a great vacation. thanks aaron. stay with us on bbc world news. still to come, on high alert the volcano could be about to erupt.
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i'm lucy hockings. the top story this is hour. the u.s. has revealed trying to rescue american hostages in syria earlier this year including the murdered journalist james foley. as the violence in gaza continues, hamas says three senior military leaders died in the israeli air strike. part of iceland has been evacuated. the growing fears of the country's volcano could be about to erupt. in the past 24 hours there's been about 1,000 earthquakes in the area. this graphic we've got marks
each of the earthquakes. you can see how deep they are. no permanent residents live near the volcano. it sits within the national park which is popular with tourists. let's speak now to professor who is a volcanooologist in iceland and studying the volcano closely. he joins us now. what's happening at the moment with the volcano? >> the situation is stable. all results show the development of crack in the molten rock. a side from this, there's a separate. there's a lot inside the crack.
they may still be able to plant into the crack without making it surface. >> surely the worry is the mag ma would melt the glass and lead to serious flooding. >> yes. that's the main concern on a local scale because there's one of the main rivers in north iceland. there could be evacuation of the remote high lands of iceland. it's mostly considered untimely to evacuate in case of eruption. >> how long would you need if that started to happen in order to get people to safety? >> well, the volcano is here eruption cast now about 500. the first water within two hours
and it's very large area in the national park. it was decided to evacuate that area especially downstream where they would have more leave time. four or five or six hours. they have not been evacuated but they're monitoring the situation closely. >> people watching this remember what happened four years ago when we had international air travel chaos because of a volcano in iceland. is there any chance we could see something like that happen again with this volcano? >> it is not what people expect. the reason initially is not all this ice to melt. we would have a leave time first completely if eruption occurs at this location where it is now.
main threat is locally. it may be smaller or less effect. >> professor, thanks for joining us. as you heard, i'm off on holiday. i don't want disruption to air travel europe. thank you. we're going to take you live to pictures from the roiters news agency. this is the ukraine russia border. the aid convoy we've been talking about many days. it's not actually clear from pictures if trucks have actually entered ukrainian territory or stopped right there as you see at the ukrainian check point. we see bits of movement. they appear to be inching from the border. this is the convoy that's been stranded there nearly a week due to ukrainian concerns it could
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