tv BBC World News BBC America October 22, 2014 7:00am-8:01am EDT
hello. you're watching "gmt" on bbc world news. i'm david eades. our top stories as ebola deaths accelerate around sierra leone's capital. could a treatment be ready in weeks? the world health organization says serum with blood from recovered patients is being developed. there are two potential vaccines. guns for fighting islam pick state in the hands of islamic state. the pentagon admitting their
efforts to support kurdish fighters has partially backfired. a swedish hunt for a submarine in its waters. having a look at the current economic impact with aaron. >> this devastating virus continues to wreak havoc on company. pharmaceutical companies are making progress on finding a cure working together to find a vaccine. the question is how much is that going to cost? and who pays for it? hello. welcome to the program. we start with some immediate breaking news because in just the last half hour, the american who spent six months in custody in north korea has as we can see here just landed at an air base
in ohio to obvious and great relief no doubt from friends and family. he was reported to have will left a bible in the toilet of a restaurant. he was detained when he tried to leave the country. the u.s. secretary of state john kerry said after his release there was no quid pro quo involved. much delight that you'd expect from ohio. we'll bring you more on that a little later here on "gmt." jeffrey is back on what he would see home ground there in ohio. let's move back now to sierra leonn to the capital free town where the outbreak appears to be getting worse. so far, most cases are away from
the capital city. experts say there are now like 20 deaths a day being reported many and around the capital. the world health organization says a treatment is being developed using a serum taken from the blood of hose that survived infection. w.h.o. emergency committee is meeting today to discuss the outbreak. from today in the u.s., passengers from ebola infected countries have to enter one of five designated airports. let's start though in west africa. more than 300 homes are quarantined on the out skirts of free town. there's no security to stop people from coming and going. we are joined now on the line from freetown. 20 deaths a day. i can only imagine that sense of nervousness. dare i say panic is on the rise? >> david, there isn't panic, be
but definitely a sense of urgency and hopelessness in minds of people. death rates are high. in the minds of many here including health experts, what is more worrisome is number of new infections. in last three weeks alone, there will be 1083 new infections. the disease is more serious here in the town. >> the talk was of course of maybe 10,000 cases a week by mid to late november across west africa. the figure is rising. this talk of a serum which would provide a treatment for people infected, i imagine that's really a ray of hope. >> it is a ray of hope. it is far away yet. they're going to be meeting tomorrow.
it is led by the country's health ministry, front line workers. it will bring together health worker os to determine and structure a way for this serum to be discussed. so far it's not been put together yet. the country has 600 survivors who's blood would be crucial. some don't even though their address to reach them. recently the u.n. had a conference of survival to help them. the blood needs to be processed which has to take a lot of time. the blood bank is struggling in this country. >> thanks very much indeed for bringing us up to date. >> one of the grim realities of dealing with ebola is bodies of victims can't be dealt with according to tradition as families would of course want. they're extremely contagious and have to be handled with extreme
care. we are in freetown finding out more. >> this is one of the most important jobs there is. this is key to bringing the outbreak to an end. this is one of the projects funded by the british government. joining me is one of the trainers. the tell us what's happening here? >> we are doing simulation to show how we collect a body. >> why are safe burials so important? >> it's important because -- the issue is part of infection prevention control. dead body is highly risky. we need to have a safe burial. we don't want the community to handle themselves. we train volunteers to do so. >> this is because bodies are contagious aren't they?
what impact does it have on your teams psychologically? you're burying 15 bodies a day in freetown alone? some of them families have been asking out from houses. we used to send to families to talk to them. other thing is sometimes even the community seeing them knows they're bringing ebola virus. the team is doing well to help with these volunteers to be able to handle their support. >> thank you very much. the world health organization says if burials can be carried out safely like this, 70% of the time, then that will bring down the number of cases in a matter of months. >> so the sense of urgency head.
let's look at the talk about that serum. w.h.o. says it could be ready in a matter of weeks. our health reporter is here with me now. talk us through this serum. as opposed to vaccines, how does this work? >> the serum is to treat people that have the disease. in order to get the serum, you need to identify the survivors, get their blood safely. make sure it doesn't have other viruss like hepatitis and hiv. then it has to have the antibodies to fight the disease. then you have to give it to someone infected. the theory is those antibodies help them fight the disease as well. >> that's a long process. there seems to be encouraging sign. this could be a matter of weeks. >> in liberia they've got capacity. in next couple of weeks they
might be able to put something together. in other places there's hopes in the next couple of months they might get the serum ready. >> thanks very much indeed for that. if you want some more on the ebola situation. it moves at such a pace. stay with us on bbc. at 1830 "gmt" we'll bring you a special program on the latest outbreak that's going to air daily as last week and this week as well on bbc world news. an antigovernment cleric has ended his sit-in protest. he began in august. along with him, khan and thousands of supporters. the aim was to force the prime minister to step down over alleged rigging in last year's election. the cleric will hold his protests in other pakistani cities. a british man is murdered
and found in a ditch on the island of bali. the man who's 60 is identified as robert kelvin ellis. the former texas oil tycoon has died at the age of 88, nelson bunker hunt. he was among the world's wealthiest men after he inherited a multibillion dollars fortune from his father. he and his brother lost most of it in 1980 and filed for bankruptcy. still to come on "gmt," are american plans to fight islamic state backfiring? the pentagon investigating a claim its weapons are falling many the wrong hands. goal is to grow. gotta get greater growth. the wrong hands. they got expert advise, the wrong hands.
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want to bring you the breaking news which occurred as we've come on air. the american jeffrey who spent six months in north korea landed at an air base many ohio. he was reported to have left a bible in the toilet of a restaurant and detain add when he tried to leave the country. the u.s. secretary of state john kerry says there was no quid pro quo involved in his release. those are the words of john kerry. there are two other americans held. mr. kerry says they're in constant touch with those families as well. much relief for family and friends of john fowle. tensions are rising where a group of pro democracy activists have marched to the residence of the executive leader. he made the comments giving poor people was not a good idea. there's confrontation in another part of the city.
taxi drivers who have lost trade in last few weeks tried to tear down the makeshift barricade. some of them used a crane. >> reporter: activists are here because they want the public to have a say who runs for the position of executive in three years. in rather controversial remarks made to western newspapers earlier this week, the current chief executive was quoted sayisay ing public nominations wouldn't be possible in part because it would give poor residents too much voting power. his remarks have not gone down well with these demonstrators who represent a dozen different organizations including people
organizations. >> the poor and underprivileged class does not deserve the rights of universal suffrage, he says. he's only expressing his true side. if people does not have a vote in the hand, we cannot monitor, cannot keep the government under our control. the economic interest of the privileged class would be like out of control. so you can see why hong kong's property price is so high. our salary cannot afford us to buy, purchase a property easily. >> hong kong and beijing governments said public nomination is not permitted
under the law. now comments that the electoral system is maintained to show popularism showing more light on why they may be unwilling to give in to protestors. a hunt for a foreign submarine in swedish waters is continuing on focus close to the bay. this is the largest maritime search of its kind in years. sh ships used to desub tect submar. >> the search goes on. this is day six. the swedish navy is leading the the hunt for an unidentified vessel lurking beneath the waves. authorities are cautious making to accusations. defense analysts make it clear a russian submarine, possibly a mini sub has run into trouble
deep inside territorial waters. this photo taken by a resident and released by the military shows an image of what the sweeds are looking for. it's extremely difficult to locate a sub underwater. sweden has no proper anti-sub marine helicopters available. if it is found, nothing is ruled out. >> we can, if we find the submarine, we have the possibility to use weapons to get it to stop what ever it's doing. this is not a submarine hunting. this is information or intelligence gathering information so we can really be sure yes, we are having underwater activities that shouldn't be there in our waters. >> there are echoes of the cold war intensified by current tensions over ukraine.
moscow strongly denies that any ofs are involved here. sweden says time is on its side and it will keep looking. >> the submarine drama is having political impact. the government plans to increase spending amid questions of the country's readiness. rug chris morris, bbc news, stockholm. the united states has been dropping weapons into kobani in syria's north this week in an effort to help the kurds. the pentagon is now having to examine video posted by islamic state fighters which does appear to show militants with those very weapons meant for kurdish militia. u.s. officials admitted one out of 27 bundles in all dropped and has gone a stray. this coming as turkey will allow
iraqi peshmerga fighters to cross into syria and fight i.s. there's no timetable on when that will be. for the latest, go to the city of urfa. our correspondent is there. i'd like to start on the video we've seen of this one consignment. whether true or not, it's an embarrassme embarrassment. does it make much difference do you think? >> can i start by a quick correction. i'm not in urfa. i've just moved here on this hill about a kilometer from kobani overlooking the city. the people behind me are refugees and others from kobani who come and watch what's going on in the town behind me. going back to your question, it
is an embarrassment. i suppose this is inevitable and this kind of operation for some of these drops to be landing on the wrong side if you like. don't forget, what happened was that there were three c 1-30 transport planes flying low this the early hours of sunday -- monday sorry. they dropped 27 bundles. one of them has gone a stray and landed on the wrong side. the video, islamic state has put on the internet one bundle attached to a parachute. in that bundle you can see clearly a box among other things. a box of mineral water. the film cuts to a series of
boxes laid on the ground at some distance from each other contain various ammunition of hand grenades and small morters. this is inevitable. let me add, several hours after the air drop, americans announced that they were making -- they have made six air strikes in and around kobani here with one of them targeting that particular bundle. i suppose that bundle got destroyed in the end. >> right. you're obviously in a much better vantage point now than you were in any way. am i seeking smoke rise from koba kobani behind me? what's been the situation last few hours? >> looks as if we're back to scare one in a sense hah on friday, saturday, sunday, it was
very quiet here. at the same time, kurdish fighters inside kobani was telling the us they have pushed i.s. fighters and putting up resistance on fringes of the city. on monday is and tuesday, there were more fighting to be witnessed here. today we're back to square one in a sense it's heavy fighting that's been going on small arms fire occasional heavy arms fire for the last two hours, three hours. and in the last ten minutes we had multiple rocket attack by the u.s. led coalition aircraft. so it seems the islamic state has brought in more fighters and more reinforcementes. >> thank you very much indeed. the fighting goes on in kobani. the annual meeting of
china's communist leaders is has a theme of improving law. among the measures is improve court's greater independence. martin reports there are widespread abuses within the legal system. >> these are victims of china's corrupt legal system. driven by despair, instead of being listened to, hundreds of petitioners have been herded onto buses by police. >> translator: they're rounding us up to send us back home. we're going to jail. >> reporter: this is an absolutely extraordinary scene. petitioners holding up papers documenting grievances they have against the government. these petitioners have been crammed into us buses and will
be take ton centers in the capital and shipped back to provinces. this is what justice often looks like in china. elsewhere in the capital, most are unaware of what's going on. at the same time, china's rulers are eholding a e ining a meetine law. for people like this, that means taking on the party, an impossible task. she shows me the flat where she was detained by police two days after complaining about a corrupt official. traumatized by her experiences, she tells me her farm land was seized against her wishes.
>> translator: local fishes all protect each other. courts won't help. people spend years trying to resolve their problems legally. it never works no matter what we do. officials just bribe their way out of trouble. >> reporter: china's leaders may talk about the rule of law, but when faced with catalog of complaints, they resort to repression. bbc news, beijing. breaking news in the course of "gmt" today. in the last hour the american jeffrey fowle who spent six months in custody in north korea has arrived, just landed at an air base in ohio. here he is getting off the plane. you'll see he's greeted with huge enthusiasm. relief from friends and family.
as i say, six months he was detained in north korea. a allegedly it was over leaving a bible in the toilet of a restaurant. secretary of state john kerry says there's no liquid quo pro about his release. they're trying to get the release of other two americans. thanks for watching "gmt." [ male announcer ] some come here to build something smarter. ♪ some come here to build something stronger. others come to build something faster...
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living in the self-proclaimed republic. aaron is back to look at the top ten countries to live in. >> it appears it's more common for people to move a broad. u.n. says 215 million are living outside their home countries. stay tuned. we have the global survey for the best places as a worker to live and to earn. hello. thanks for joining us. the legend editor of the washington post ben bradlee has died at 92 years old. through an e the record their career, the water gate scandal got him to the top of his trade. bradlee gave supporters free range to uncover the scandal that led to president nixon's resignation and rewrote the job description of a political
journalist. ben bradlee spoke to the hard talk program in 2006 about the water gate scandal. my colleague stephen sackur asked him why he decided to. >> i do know it's write. if you write 100 stories and you're not wrong, you're right. >> because your gut was telling you sm. >> my record. we made no mistakes on that story. >> retrospect suggests you been. are you happy with how it was handled? >> i sure am. it was the best piece of investigative journalist in my time. >> that was the man ben bradlee. week speak to the media commentator. roy, you met ben on many occasions didn't you? what was he like as a character? >> well he was a newspaper man.
he was tall, gravelled voice, grouchy. at the same time he was very funny. the one thing he stressed all the time was how much he loved stories. getting storied, obtaining stories. at the same time, he had a real moral code. he he believed putting right those things that were wrong. he learned that from 1940s and 50s when he was a reporter for the post and covering largely racial tension and race riots in the southern states. >> i suppose if you couple moral rights and wrongs with journalists, the water gate scandal is perhaps the best example anyone would come up with. you saw it yourself in northern ireland, the lengths he was prepared to go to try to see wrongs righted. >> indeed. in 2001, he came to address the
society of editor's conference and decided to take a trip around the trouble spots. at the time people may recall that children were being abused daily while going to a catholic school, the holy cross school in the north. he had himself driven up there and saw a group of proof testers in rome. he told the drivers to stop and get out of the car, restrained by his companion and address this group saying what do you think you're doing? why are you doing it? shouting and screaming at them. at the same time they shouted and screamed at him. it looked ugly for a while until he was pulled back into the car and told to continue. >> when he got back from that, i was talking to him about it. at the same time by chance, they were showing a film where we
were of the holy cross children being abused. i said to him, why did you do it? he said look, i wanted to get under their skin. i just thought it needed to be done. a man interrupted at that point and said, look, it's a complex situation. no, said bradley. it's simple. it's wrong. >> can i just ask you -- we often say they don't make them like that anymore. we've got a different media landscape developing. can you still have an editor like that? >> i think so. he was somebody that embodied what we really are in journalism about. he believed in disclosure in revolution. i still think that goes to the heart of what newspapers, what the media in general should be doing. he was a titan. he has a lot to live up to. he was a great guy, great newspaper man and will be sorely
missed. >> he looked the part indeed. thanks very much indeed. joining us from our brighton studio. okay. time to catch up on business, whether ebola or whatever. it's busy. >> absolutely busy. looking at economic impact and cost of a vaccine, that's what we're talking about now. thanks david. good to see you. held lo low there. certainly as you've been hearing, the w.h.o., world health organization is meeting to review the discovery of the outbreak and measures kneed to tackle it. we know that those west african economies are suffering greatly. the combined financing gap for guinea, liberia and sierra leone is high. it has slowed in quarantine zones. across guinea, liberia and
sierra leone, mining companies have scaled back operations while agricultural productions they had stopped because farmers have things like fertilizer. we know the aid effort has been criticized as being too slow. there are growing efforts to find the ebola vaccine. even competing companies have confirmed they are in discussions to collaborate on developing a vaccine. so, have governments and pharmaceutical companies mobilized enough funds to find a cure for this devastating virus? >> the independent health care research agency joining us. great to have you on the program. before we talk about mobilizing funds, can you give viewers around the world and me a look at before you start to develop the vaccine and process, what's
the most expensive part of that? >> the most expensive part would be the clinical trials, long term clinical trials. they're trying out the vaccine in thousands of people. i don't think any company would actually put an estimate on how much that would cost. even if you ask them now, they wouldn't know how much that would cost start to finish. >> do we know a ball park figure of what it costs to develop a vaccine. talking millions right? >> hundreds of millions of certain wi certainly. >> specificics of that i think you have to ask the company. they wouldtackled what we're trying to? >> families of partients wish this had happened sooner on a
larger scale. >> how much longer until you think we have a break through? it seems the progress is being made isn't it? >> progress does seem to being made. the world health organization are hoping to trial the vaccines in early 2015. that will give them indication of how long the vaccine maintains immunity in the people to whom itself given and whether there are side effects that the trials have not shown up. >> let me briefly go back to funding. i want to get this clear in my head. if you get the likes of johnson & johnson working together, do they actually pay these costs and perhaps get some contribution from uk, u.s. governments, african governments? >> i'm sure companies will be looking for partnership with government organizations and non government organizations to insure they get the cost of developing the vaccine back as we mentioned. it's many hundreds of millions
of. they'll be looking to make sure that their venture is finally secure. >> absolutely. carol carolyn, great stuff. we appreciate your input. okay, let's talk about this. nice pictures. moving a broad is becoming more common. 215 million people are living outside of their home country. there is a growing trend for people the to basically hop from one country to the next. the survey of top places to live as a foreign worker shows -- who is it? switzerland ranks highest. china takes third place with highest earning jobs in the world. more than a third in china are earning over $200,000 a year. what am i doing here? i asked the head expert why switzerland has done so well
this year. >> we've been doing this survey seven years now. it's one of the largest surveys in the world. what's interesting this year is that experts talk more about the quality of life than necessarily all about the earnings potential and career. switzerland has been moved toward the top now because of it's in terms of raising a family, good money. 25% of experts say they in switzerland earn $220,000 a year. i think it's the quality of life. it's brought the likes of others up the table this year. >> australia wasn't in the top ten. let me touch on a couple of other stories. we were talking about major drug makers and ebola. in the past hour, glaxo smith kline announced the bigger happen expected results. a tough year for competition of
key drugs in the $500 million fine for bribery in china. gaxo smith kline says it will shake a up management and return nearly $6.5 billion to shareholders. also got this. the french oil giant has announced patrick, currently head of refining and chemicals will take over as chief executive following the death of the leader in the plane crash monday. the head of the company has named a new chairperson. russian experts said the plane crash that killed the leader and three others yesterday, the jet hit the snowplow. it was caused by criminal negligence. tweet me @bbc aaron. that's it with business. david, back to you. the breaking news for you as has developed in the course of "gmt" today. the american jeffrey fowle who's
been spending six months in custody in north korea has landed at an air base this ohio, a free man. he was reported to have been having left a bible in the toilet of a restaurant in north korea and detained when he tried to leave the country. that is the story behind his detention. it's worth pointing out there are two other americans still detained by the north korean authorities. obviously speculations suggestion this may be a move towards efforts to head towards talks on nuclear negotiations. secretary of state john kerry made it clear north korea would have to keep moving in this direction. jeffrey fowle is free. stay with us on "gmt." the sparkles of nature.
brisdelle. hello. i'm david eades. the top story this is hour. the world health organization says serum which contains blood from recovered patients is leading to a potential vaccine. jeffrey fowle has landed at an air base in ohio. ukrainians go to the poll this weekend in the parliamentary election. it's dominated by the military conflict in the east. this week, our correspondent steve rosenburg reports from across the country. in tuesday, he was part of the
east controlled by ukrainian forces. today he reports from rebel territory from the self-proclaimed people's republic of donetsk and luhansk who's cities have strong trade links with russia and there will be no elections this weekend. >> reporter: this is the luhansk locomotive factory. at times there's 40,000 working here. today it's around 3,000. the last time i was here seven months ago, i spoke to workers that told me they were angry at the pro eu revolution there. many were worryed they would lose their jobs if they focused the economy on west rather than the east. no one could imagine then what would happen next. there would be a war here to claim thousands of lives.
this is donetsk, capital of the proclaimed people's republic. people are busy building their own police force. from campaign posters around town, you can tell there's an election here too, but not the ukrainian parliament. >> he's giving a press conference now about the election they're going to be having here for local parliament and local head of state.
meanwhile, many shops here are boarded up. most of the banks aren't working. there's heavy fighting going on still in the edge of the city and reports of fighting amongst the rebels. no one really knows here how this attempt to break away from kiev is going to end. steve rosenburg, bbc news in eastern ukraine. >> get more of steve's road trip around ukraine in the program on thursday. now you are bound to notice, but do you wonder why are some creatures have such dazzling skins? researchers here in england appear to have found the answer. they say the surface of fish and insects is made of multiple layers of crystals which creates a reflective appearance when the light bounces off them. let's go to more on this. our science reporter is in manchester for us at the moment. i'm not sure if victoria can hear us at moment.
can you hear me victoria? we'll hopefully get a i chance for her to dazzle us with the science. can you hear us now? >> yes. >> your timing is perfect, almost. tell us, these researchers, what exactly have they done? >> researchers have looked at nano scale of these creatures, animals and birds of iridescent colors. they found there's an explanation to the secret of this shininess. researchers studied this a long time. they have evolved to produce more reflective surfaces that we can make in the human manufactured world. they found the way light interacts with the very tiny crystal a crystals, layers in the world find it across the world. shiny beetles and butterflies
that you may see iridescent colors. it's a shininess that fish use for camouflage have explanation in terms of how it interacts with light. >> it's intriguing. in itself, that's never enough. is there some sort of app will -- application? >> it's useful when examining telescopes to gather light and creating lighting substances themselves. light bulblightbulbs -- light bu bulb. if we can copy that by looking on the nano scale and measure the physics that this evolved to play with, we can copy it and use to inspire mimicking. >> thanks very much. staying with animals at
least depending on where you are. this could be completely normal or frowned upon. muslims believe dogs are forbidd forbidden. >> he is organizing malaysia's first pet a dog event. it's quite brave of him as a muslim. he's terrified of dogs himself. he's tried to make things simple by putting dog owners in red shirts and those scared of dogs in yellow. >> you have to understand how the to go near a dog in a proper setting so we're not after afraid of them anymore. >> police are guarding this event because he has received threats. dog owner ship is controversial in malaysia. >> he's three years old. when owners take him for a walk, muslims try to stay away from
him. those that don't end upkeeping it quiet. sometimes muslims can't ask whether they can pet a dog. >> if a muslim touches a dog, they can pure identify themselves by performing a washing ritual. it's difficult for them to have dogs as pets. those who do often have to hide from neighbors. >> it's forbidden, so it's a sin. if you have one, you're a sinner. >> there are more serious consequences. last year a muslim dog trainer was arrested after posting a video of her cleaning a dog while a muslim call to prayer was held in the background. this islamic teacher says muslims can keep dogs for valid reasons such as hunting,
security or educational events like this. what about petting a dog? >> to pet a dog without any reason, a valid reason. if they have a valid reason to pet a dog. >> for example, to save a dog. >> rescue and whatsoever, it is permitted. >> some muslims here have made up their own minds. it's the first time these women have been close to a dog. >> okay. are you ready to go pet some more dogs? >> yes. >> she's no longer afraid. the kiss is a sign she's learned to love what many regard as man's best friend. bbc malaysia. let me remind you of our top story on "gmt." the ebola outbreak appears to be getting worse in and around sierra leone's town of freetown.
20 deaths a day are reported in and around the capital. 300 homes are quarantined on the out skirts of the city. w.h.o. says a serum using blood from recovered patients is used and could be ready in a couple of weeks. thanks for watching "gmt." getting in a groove. growth is gratifying. goal is to grow. gotta get greater growth. i just talked to ups. they got expert advise, special discounts, new technologies. like smart pick ups. they'll only show up when you print a label and it's automatic. we save time and money. time? money? time and money. awesome. awesome! awesome! awesome! awesome! (all) awesome! i love logistics.
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