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tv   BBC World News  BBC America  February 16, 2015 9:00am-10:01am EST

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hello. i'm geetha murty with bbc world news. our top stories. egypt says it's bombed islamic state militants in libya in retaliation for the murder of egyptian christian captives. libya concerns that it coordinated with air strikes with egypt. two men are charged with helping a gunman who helped a synagogue in a cafe in copenhagen over the weekend. the danish foreign minister calls for unity. >> this weapon we have against terror is to affect as little as
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possible. we need to stay together not split our societies. >> reporter: 2,000 migrants trying to escape africa are rescued in the mediterranean sea. the coast guard was confronted by armed people traffickers. and we'll get the latest from seoul on the row between two south korean manufacturing giants over a washing machine. # . hello. egypt says it has bombed jihadists in libya, after militants there linked to islamic state murdered a group of egyptian coptic christians is. the egyptian state television says a dawn strike targeted camps, trading sites, and weapon storage areas. libyan forces loyal to the central government says they coordinated with egypt in the air strikes.
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the egyptian president, abdul fattah al sisi threatened retaliation after a video was released showing the coptic christians being beheaded. he described the militant group i.s. as inhuman killers. the egyptian military have not given any further description on the air strikes. the coptic christians were kidnapped in the city of sirott which happened in january. the bishop says those coptic men were working to support their families. >> it's one of extreme sorrow at many levels. of course for the families these men weren't there because they were choosing to be there for their own comfort. they were there from have modest families to work in the construction industry and send money to their families back in
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very poor rural villages. so it's going to impact their families, the whole village, and the area. the second, of course is seeing life treated this way. and the brutality of this and them parading it in such an undignified way. it must really be -- i mean we say that it's crimes against humanity, but this really must be a crime against humanity in its basic form. >> archbishop angela sell with me just tell us what you know now about these strikes. >> well an egyptian military source has said that six f-16 fighter jets carried out eight air strikes in libya on the port town of derna. we don't know their objectives. one libyan air force commander says at least 40 to 50 militants have been killed even though one account on twitter that's
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allied with the jihadists denied that that happened. however, there are pictures of three small children who apparently have been killed in the attacks. although that is not confirmed or verified yet. >> how big is i.s. -- is it i.s., in fact, in libya? >> that's very unclear, because we know there are so many militants is and militias in libya since the fall of gadhafi in 2011, after 40 years in power. one group has declared allegiance to the islamic state in iraq and syria last october, and the leader of the i.s. group there, abu bagger baghdadi has welcomed that allegiance. but it's unclear. >> what do these air strikes mean for the area? if there are innocent civilians killed, that is a recruiting
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ground for militants for whichever group they belong. and how much capacity does egypt have? >> well some of the militant groups in libya have already threatened retaliation for these air strikes. social media is awash with various threats, and they're also saying they have created a hashtag saying egyptian cops in libya are as many as grains as rice. and therefore, that is very very easy target. the egyptian expats especially in the gulf and in libya, have always been egypt's underbelly. now, they leave egypt in search of better life better income higher income, to support their familiesyies back home. wherever political relations between egypt and the host country deteriorated usually many of them were kicked back. now, they come back to egypt, they are unemployed there, they have no place, really because they've been out of the country for several years. besides, egyptian expats
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remittance to egypt financial, remittances to egypt is one of the main source of revenue -- >> because they can't get jobs in egypt, that's why they're leaving a very difficult situation to go to libya, which is a failed state, effectively. but what about the egyptian military itself? because that is also extremely important to security in the area isn't it? >> absolutely. the security situation in egypt, there had been some sort of terrorist attacks. so last month, 26 officers and soldiers being killed inside of the eastern border by a group that's renamed as sinai province. now, the egyptian government has to do something to stem that flow of terrorism in egypt. as deaths have been spreading across the country with various homemade bombs, including in al stand alexandra. so they need to stem that flow
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and nip it in the bud. now, the terrorism expanding from libya and coming from libya after the fall of gadhafi in libya, a lot of weapons were seized from the libyan army storage dumps and sold off, smuggled across the border into egypt and before that brought lots of weapons into egypt, including automatic guns. >> so much to ask, but thanks very much indeed. thanks. now, danish police say two men have been charged with aiding a man suspected of killing two people in attacks on an arts cafe and a synagogue in copenhagen over the weekend. officers have identified the suspected attacker as a 22-year-old with a history of violence. he was shot dead by police on sunday. sarah corker reports. >> reporter: a show of solidarity and grief on the streets of copenhagen. a nation terrorized after attacks that left two dead and several police officers injured.
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>> because i live here and i think it's come closer to us. i don't have words for it. >> we're terrified. and it was like no this is not happening. it can want be real. >> reporter: this is where the man came from. forensic officers collect evidence around the body of the suspected gunman shot dead after he opened fire on police. >> a lot of shooting and a lot of shouting. i looked out, and there was a lot of policeman. and a guy, a man laying on the ground. >> reporter: the alleged gunman has been named as omar al hussein, a 22-year-old gang member. he'd only been released from prison two weeks ago, serving his sentence for stabbing a train passenger. the shooting started at a cafe hosting a freedom of speech event. amid the chaos, a man lies gravely injured. another takes off his shirt to
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try to help him. then, nine hours later, a jewish security guard was fatally shot in the head at a synagogue. >> we are not talking about al thorough fighter who has been abroad fighting in syria or iraq. we are talking about a man who was known by the police due to his gang activities criminal activities inside denmark. >> reporter: copenhagen police believe the shooter was not acting alone. five people were detained yesterday, some at this internet cafe. and this morning, two men were charged with aiding and abetting the alleged gunman. the parallels with the paris killings are striking. and as denmark is in mourning the threat from attacks like these is now being felt across europe. sarah corker, bbc news. >> well the danish foreigner gave more details about the arrest. >> well as far as i'm informed
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right now, we are not talking about a foreign fighter who has been abroad fighting in syria or iraq we are talking about a man who was known by the police due to his gang activities criminal activities inside denmark. with a history radicalized inside jail where he was just released from or he has been moving around in these environments before is yet rather unclear. but what is definitely clear is that he's a very young man, and he was definitely you know, with psychological problems. you don't do things like this if you are not. but he seems to be very dushd. i'm actually going to meet with the rest of the government in a few hours, and one proposal has been, can you actually make it illegal to go to these countries, or could you at least make sure that you need permission to go to these countries, if you're working. you know you could work with
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assistance or human aid or something like that. but whether that is actually possible in practical terms is something we're looking into now. we have already decided, from the danish government side that we will pass a law, where it would be made possible to confiscate passport ifs we know that people are considering to go to syria and if our police or intelligence is aware of that. we will be able to confiscate passports before they go. but whether it's possible and will it make sense to confirm that is exactly what we're looking at right now, and we'll make a decision about that rather soon. >> the danish foreign minister there speaking to me a little earlier. aaron is right here talking about greece again. >> you know waiting for the europeans and the greeks to do a deal is kind of like waiting you to come back from your illness. good to see you back geeta. the saga continues. euro zone finance ministers, they gather once again.
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it's tiring isn't it. yet again, monday, to see if they can reach a deal with greece. because in the who's-case scenario, a chaotic exit greece exiting the euro could jeopardize the whole project, but analysts with the experts say this is very much less likely now than it was at the height of the debt crisis three or four years ago. and the greek government certainly have support at home. on sunday these pictures will come, i promise you. on sunday more than 20,000 people showed up in front of parliament, not protesting against the government. no, they were there to express a solidarity for the government's tough anti-austerity line. so the question of course is will both sides a agree to compromise or will they the face-off continue. i'm just waiting for those pictures. they were there, weren't they? there they are! yeah. good job, editor. put them right at the end. joking! japan, hooray came out of recession in the first quarter of last year the world's third largest economy grew at a slower
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than expected pace. the economy expanded there in japan by an annualized 2.2%. that's in the last three months or three months up to december. in a preliminary reading, it is compared to forecasts that were up for, what 3.7% increase or well below. we saw a pickup in experts. that was due, in part, to the falling value of the yen. that certainly helped the asian nation. but how fragile is this recovery? that's something we'll have more on throughout the rest of the day. how about this one? up to 100 banks and financial institutions worldwide have been tapped in an unprecedented cyberrobbery. $1 billion has been stolen in a series of attacks, which it says started in 2013 and are still active. the attacks have taken place in 30 countries, including financial arms in russia the united states, germany, ukraine, and canada. on average, each bank robbery took between two to four months with up to $10 million stolen
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every time. their report says a cybergang is responsible. something we'll keep across on that one. follow me on twitter. tweet me i'll tweet you back. more business on "gmt" in just over an hour's time. >> see you then. stay with us here on b"bbc world news". still to come we'll be talking to our correspondent in seoul about the extreme rivalry between lg and samsung. ontrol freak... i like to think of myself as more of a control... enthusiast. mmm, a perfect 177-degrees. and that's why this road warrior rents from national. i can bypass the counter and go straight to my car. and i don't have to talk to any humans, unless i want to. and i don't. and national lets me choose any car in the aisle. control. it's so, what's the word?... sexy. go national. go like a pro.
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this is bbc world news. i'm geeta with the latest headlines. egypt has bombed islamic state militants in libya. there are concerns they coordinated the air strikes with egypt. danish police have charged two men with helping the gunman who attacked a synagogue at a cafe in copenhagen over the
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weekend. three executives of the korean conglomerate lg electronics are to stand trial for allegedly vandalizing washing machines made by its rival, samsung. lg released this edited surveillance video in an attempt to clear its name. it shows the three, including the president of lg's home appliance division inspecting the appliances in plain sight. they're accused of going into a german store and breaking the doors off the samsung machines. well our korea correspondent, steve evans, is in seoul. steve, just bring us up to date. remind us what the background to all this is. >> well it's a matter of honor. samsung says that those lg executives, the president of the home appliance bit of lg went up to their front loader washing machines in a trade store in germany last year and wiggled the door. but didn't just wiggle the door they wiggled it so much that it
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wouldn't close. so that's vandalism. the lg company has retaliated verbally and with that video that you see, showing the alleged vandal surrounded by some of them samsung employees, and lg is basically saying is this vandalism or is this a man who spent 40 years in the washing machine industry having a bit of a test of the product he knows so much about? now, you then ask, how on earth has this matter of a washing machine come to -- a washing machine in germany, no less come in course in seoul, south korea. that's because the two of them are very very intense rivals in lots of things they're apart. air-conditioners, it's lg mobile phones it's samsung. washing machines they're like that.
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sometimes it's one, sometimes the other. and they are neck and neck rivals and they've been unable to agree on that. and on top of that the top guy on guy says it's an honor of matter and if you lose your honor, you can't get it back so we're going to fight this thing the whole way. >> thank you very much. the italian coast guard says it's rescued more than 2,000 people who had became stranded on boats in the mediterranean sea. they set off from the libyan coast, trying to reach the area of lampedusa. >> cramped and crowded, these are the lucky ones. they've been rescued. it's the latest in a series of operations that have seen not hundreds, but thousands pulled from the sea. while this may be a sad but familiar scene, there's been an alarming new twist. for the first time on sunday search teams were threatened by
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armed traffickers from libya, demanding to take back the empty migrant boat. italy has recently seen a surge in migrants leaving in boats from libya as the country has sunk deeper into chaos. the island of lampedusa is an migrant bottleneck because it lies closer to north africa than it does to italy. in 2013 60,000 people managed to cross the mediterranean. 600 drowned in the way. last year that figure increased to 170,000. more than 3500 died. this comes as italy shut down its search and rescue operation last november after its eu partners had refused to share its running costs. it was replaced with the eu operation called eded triton with
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fewer resources and only a third of the funding. last week more than 300 people drowned while trying to make the crossing. these survivors were brought to a port in sicily where there were medical checks for the beginning of the process that they hope will be new and better lives in europe. but with so many now being drawn by that dream, it's likely the cost of crossing this vast expanse of sea will result in more tragedy. laura westbrook, bbc news. well the problems besetting libya have continued today. we've seen that bombing campaign and that is going to continue to affect the country's problems to do with militancy and migration. since november the job of search and rescue in the mediterranean has been carried out by the eu's border agency but eight agencies are saying that they're chronically
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underfunded for the task. >> reporter: yet another callout for frontex, officially the eu's border surveillance agency frontex has now become a search and rescue operation. this coast guard vessel is on loan to frontex from iceland and it's already taken part in a number of search and rescue missions. in fact, it's rescued some 2,000 people since november. the captain's just told us that there is another boat that looks suspicious that they're interested in. so we're on our way to see what it is. frontex had hoped the winter weather would stem the flood of migrants trying to cross the mediterranean. instead, the numbers have almost doubled. doubled. >> we can't leave them here in the mediterranean. i think over 3,000 people have lost their lives trying to cross. it's sad.
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it's very sad. >> reporter: these migrants were lucky. last month, the frontex team managed to rescue all of them after their crew abandoned shift and left them adrift. >> for me come from iceland, i never thought i would see anything like this these people they have very bad circumstances in the ship. lots of dirt and no hygiene. lots of women and children and they have been for many days on the ship without proper food and water. >> reporter: but frontex simply doesn't have the means to save everybody. last week's tragedy in which 300 migrants drowned off the coast of lampedusa have raised questions about the mission's shortfalls. frontex is reliant on handouts from eu member states and iceland. >> i'm very grateful that the member states could deploy so many vessels and helicopters and
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of course in the future we will have to develop furthermore our missions and so i expect the member states to be even more committed to frontex. >> reporter: the reception centers see new arrivals every day. and the cost of sheltering them is taking its toll. >> translator: we've been left on our own, and more than once we've felt desperate. we've had moments where thousands of migrants arrived all at once and we have our own economic problems here. it's not right the eu and the italian government have just left us on our own. >> reporter: a handful of ships, planes and helicopters to cover 3.5 million square kilometers of the mediterranean. emma jane kirby, bbc news, sicily. ukraine says it is not ready to withdraw its heavy weapons from the conflict zone in the east of the country, as agreed
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in the minsk talks, because a cease-fire is being violated by russian-backed separatists. the european security group, says it is denying sending groups. both sides say there have been exchanges of fire near debaltseve, but the cease-fire is largely holding. in the last few minutes, there was this to say. >> translator: the condition for heavy artillery is in compliance with item first on minsk agreement. this is complete cease-fire. and unfortunately, we haven't reached complete cease-fire. and that is why we cannot withdraw heavy artillery. some quick news. ireland has beaten the west in
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hello. i'm geeta with bbc world news. our top stories. egypt says it has bombed islamic state militants in libya in retaliation for the murder of egyptian christian coptics. two men are charged with helping the gunman who attacked a synagogue and a cafe in copenhagen over the weekend. the danish foreign minister remains defiant and calls for unity. >> the best weapon we have against terror is to let
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ourselves affect as little as possible. we need to stay together not split our societies. iraq's prime minister tells the bbc he's preparing an offensive to recapture the city of mosul from the i.s. jihadist. he says international support is helping his country's fight against militants. >> there has been a lot of cooperation between us and the international coalition to try to help our troops on the ground. and schools in liberia are reopening seven months after they closed to try to limit the spread of ebola. hello. egypt says it has bombed jihadists in libya, after
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militants there allied to islamic state murdered a group of egyptian coptic christians. egyptian state tv says the dawn strikes targeted camps, training sites, and weapons storage areas. libyan forces loyal to the central government says they coordinated with egypt in the air strikes. the egyptian president earlier threatened retaliation after a video was released showing the coptic christians being beheaded. he described the group i.s. as inhuman, criminal killers. well egyptian military has not given further details on the operation, but witnesses have reported air strikes in the portsy of derno. the coptic christians were kidnapped in the city of sirte in february. >> >>. >> reporter: what we understand so far according to the state television which quoted an
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airport commander in libya, that nearly 14 isis militants have been killed in the successive air strikes launched by the egyptian air force today. actually, the egyptian military is trying to send a message here to the public because there is a public outrage here in egypt. the people have been accusing the government of not doing enough to save the lives of these christians killed by isis. and this is why the egyptian president came out yesterday and he said we are going to retaliate, we are going to hit hard. and here we go. the egyptian army says also that this is not the end of it this is only the beginning of a long-term air strike campaign but we are not sure if egypt is ready yet to launch a full-scale war in egypt. they're busy fighting fierce battles as isis isolated militants in the northern peninsula of sinai. so there has been warnings that
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the egyptian army might not be able to take the risk of fighting on different fronts at the same time. >> sally nabil there in cairo. police in denmark have charged two men with helping the suspected attacker of a synagogue at an event permitting free speech at a cafe in copenhagen, in which two people were killed. lucy williamson has this report from copenhagen. >> reporter: this is where denmark's night of terror ended if the quiet shuffle of forensics teams around the body of its most wanted man. wanted for crimes that have left two people dead several police officers wounded, and the security of an entire country shaken. this is the man police believe terrorized the nation a 22-year-old gang member with a violent criminal past. born here in denmark and named as omar abdel hamid el hussein, shot dead sunday on a copenhagen street. >> a lot of shooting and a lot of shouting from people on the street. i looked out and there was a lot
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of policemen. and a guy, man laying on the ground. >> reporter: the gunman struck twice before he died. on saturday, he shot and killed a man attending a meeting on freedom of speech. hours later, he fired at a synagogue, killing another. early on sunday the suspect was met by police near his apartment and died in an exchange of fire. but this one-man rampage could have been so much worse. inside the synagogue, dozens of children had been taking part in a ceremony to mark the jewish end of childhood. all that separated them from the gunman was a door two police officers, and a security guard, who died in the attack. his name was dan uhzan. he was 37 years old. hours earlier, the gunman had claimed his first victim 55-year-old film director finn newburgh. amid the chaos outside the cafe he lay dying, as people ran to
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his aid. today the cafe window shows the brutality of that attack. peter back was inside when the shooting started. >> there was these gunshots. then there was somebody who shouted, duck duck! go to the floor! and were searching the back entrance. actually, i saw the guy with the gun. i was afraid he saw me. so i ducked behind a car. >> reporter: police say the man they shot here last night was already known to security services and these shootings seem to have been inspired by the attacks in paris last month. today, the prime minister began the process of mourning these attacks and of answering them. >> to the whole of the jewish community today, they belong in denmark. they are a strong part of our community. and we will do everything we can to protect the jewish community in our country. >> reporter: one by one, denmark's citizens followed her
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in the familiar gestures of grief, as another european pavement becomes a place for memorials, another tribute to europe's faith in the freedom of speech. lucy williamson bbc news, copenhagen. now, the iraqi prime minister says his country's armed forces are planning an offensive to retake the city of mosul from islamic state militants. he spoke to bbc affairs editor john sultan. >> they're still trying to penetrate our cities to cause havoc with the population to kill civilians like they are doing. we are containing them. baghdad is much better than before. literally, baghdad is secure very secure. yes, there are still charges, new charges. of course mostly different, quite far. and we are now planning an offensive almost of in the coming few months we have to
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prepare for it carefully, because the only chance we have in mosul, we have to win in mosul to keep i.s. out. >> it's sometimes difficult for an outsider to work out who's in charge of the war on the iraqi side. is it the militias? is it the army? who controls whom? >> what we have we call the joint command of the whole operation, which together is the army, the police the security and all our other security forces in the country. they come under a joint command, which is answerable to the commander in chief, who's the prime minister and these processes, the defense minister is of course mission security department, which runs intelligence as well. all of these together they run the whole thing. what comes under it what we call civilian mobilization force, which is now an official entity by the iraqi government and it's been approved by parliament
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which means it's becoming legal. they have to work under the iraqi security forces and the joint command of the iraqis. but they are civilians. because some of them they're thought to be put it down either government employees or students. they are civilians who got their own jobs but they just want to defend their country. >> in the fighting in syria, various other middle eastern countries are quite heavily involved. would you like to see the same sort of involvement from your neighbors, some of your neighbors, here in iraq? >> no certainly. the problem, yes, we will support the iraqis. the iraqi security to the iraqi government, but not for these countries to get involved inside the iraq or inside the iraqi affairs. each of these countries, they've conserved their self-interest, and we'll end up having not only
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help on our hand, but countries and intelligence services and armies trying to achieve their own interests on their own, on the account of the iraqi interests. and we will find probably some ugly pictures of competition on the ground. >> it's pretty obvious, in the united states that interest in iraq has dropped, quite strongly political interest. what can you do to get the americans more interested again? >> of course we don't want boots on the ground in iraq. we think that we have fighters on the ground. what protect the fighters to defend our own country, but we need munition we need armament we need training we need other sophisticated equipment to defeat that. and this has been forth coming. i was a bit frustrated in my
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first three months of being a prime minister, because of this support, but i've seen the last probably four weeks, five weeks, there is an acceleration of the support. i think the air bombings and air campaign has increased in its intensity, and its quality. there's been a lot of liaising to try to help our troops on the ground. >> and finally, i want to just go back to what we were talking about earlier. the third largest city in iraq mosul, is in the hands of isis. when and how are you going to get it back? >> we are hoping we have a plan. that plan can be within a few months. >> five months three months? >> yeah it can be that. or can be longer. it depends on the situation on the ground. it depends on our own
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preparation. and that is of the international coalition are helping iraq. we have our security forces must be ready to do this. and we're working very hard to make that possible. i can announce this. we have already tasked the preparation for mosul. we have already started this. so we are assigning certain of our divisions to that task and our security forces. there must be huge and very powerful liaison between iraqs and peshmerga. i think this between the two forces must be powerful, must be watertight. we don't want problems in terms of liberating mosul or anything in that sense. andic that the initial coalition air campaign must be very well organized within our own troops on the ground. i'm pretty sure we can liberate mosul with a minimum of casualties and costs.
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and we can cause a lot of damage to the dash because their center, their ideological center. if we damage a weapon and i'm sure we're going to do it. >> mosul will be back in your hands by the end of the year? >> i hope so. we are working to do before that. >> the iraqi prime minister. stay on bbc world news. still to come. india calls for the legalization of prostitution.
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this is bbc world news. i'm geeta debut rue-murthy with the latest headlines.
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air strikes coordinated with libya. danish police have charged two men with attacking the gunman who attacked a cafe this weekend. schools are reopening in liberia today. they were closed because of the deadly ebola epidemic. liberia was the worst-hit country with nearly 4,000 deaths. bbc's international development correspondent, mark doyle reports. >> reporter: monrovia and the notorious slum district called west point. this tightly packed spit of land is home to 80,000 souls. i got to impression every single one of them was rushing, working, buying and selling tiny quantities of anything to survive. 14-year-old atama and her aunt sell plastic bags of cold drinking water.
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profit, about 3 u.s. cents per bag. atama would like to go to school but her mother and father died of ebola. she, too, got sick but survived. >> i loved my mother. and i loved my father. when my father died my mother got sick. >> reporter: atama's aunt invited the girl into her own home and cares for her. but given the damaging stigma ebola survivors suffer aunty feels it's perhaps too soon for now for atama to go to school. ebola has messed up everything. 12-year-old patrick wants to go back to classes too. he and his mother went to enroll. but patrick fell foul of a new
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rule. to stop the risk of future infections among children classrooms are now strictly limited to a maximum of 50. in liberia, 50 is a small class. patrick's year was already full. he couldn't get in. but plenty of others did. some helped in the cleanup campaign in the run-up to reopening. isaac and henry are in their final year. i asked them if they still have worries about ebola. henry said he was concerned that his school friends might pass the disease to him and then he'd take it back to his own family. isaac thought the teachers might infect him. but nevertheless, you're going to come? >> yeah. >> you will come? >> mm-hmm. >> reporter: every public building in liberia these days has a bucket with chlorinated water and washing hands is a
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rule which is very strictly adhered to. we've seen that ebola has caused various sorts of heartbreak. it's also complicated the date of the reopening of the school system. all of the schools have now got to have a bucket of color ratehlorinated water and a thermometer to take the temperature of children as they come through to make sure none of them have a fever. but it will take more than that to make some schools safe. this one was used as a holding center for ebola patients. the local community objected violently to sick people being brought here. they ransacked the place, breaking breaking school furniture. now the mattresses on the floor used by the sick have been removed, but the marks left by ebola will be with this country for a long time. mark doyle, bbc news liberia. in afghanistan, a new
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cabinet has met for the first time after months of discussions over who should sit in it. from kabul, david loyn reports. >> reporter: millions of afghan voters came out in the rain in april last year to change the government. and now, finally, in late february almost a year later, on another wet day in kabul, the new cabinet has met in the ground building that houses the so-called chief executive of the government next door to the other center of power, the president's palace. the ceo spoke of the sacrifices that the guerilla fighters whose victory has been remembered this weekend on the anniversary of the soviet defeat at their hands. he said that afghanistan has a lot of problems today and needs the strength of the mujahideen to deal with them. on the agenda for the first day, the challenge of dealing with refugees returning home agriculture, and of course
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security. most people in the room are deputy ministers. parliament did not endorse two-thirds of the proposed cabinet. among those who got through, the morn minister had to give up britain citizenship. he's the son of a former president who was the leader of one of the mujahideen's factions. the government is the largest possible faction. abdullah's deputy a former guerilla leader from the northern minority hazara tribe sits alongside the interior minister, an ex-communist from the majority south. and also in the room the grandson of the king ousted in the coup more than 40 years ago that began afghanistan's decent into chaos. the only woman in the room is a deputy minister. parliament rejected all of the nominations for women ministers. given the enormous problems this country faces in terms of security and an economy in meltdown the lack of urgency in forming a government and grappling with these issues is surprising, but now at last the
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cabinet is meeting and beginning to come to terms with some of the enormous challenges ahead. david loyn bbc news kabul. nigeria's elections have been delayed by six weeks as the boko haram crisis being given as the official reason. will started asking about that presidential race. >> backwards and forwards. there are many many actions, especially by the government in power, which i wouldn't say that are exactly democratic. a spirit of you know, let's have a fair war. it's not yet deep enough. >> and over the last few months there have been a lot of people criticizing president goodluck jonathan, especially over the situation in the northeast and the abduction of the chibok schoolgirls that became known all around the world. how would you assess how he is performing? >> what happened was a clear failure in leadership.
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one cannot pull the government solely -- you know, the responsibility spreads around. because the boko haram thing began in various ways a long time ago. while definitely the responsibility you know, for what's going on now rests with jonathan, it began, the problem began with previous governments. >> he's up against general mohammadi buhari who was in the power in the 1980s under military dictatorship. your opinion of general buhari back in those days was pretty damning, and in your memoirs, you refer to him as a brutal devil, and you say, in my calculation, no spoon existed long enough to justify the risk of even an impromptu snack with him. this playing on your description of using long spoons to dine with people you don't want to. >> i didn't exactly call hem a devil, but i talked about dining
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with devils with very long spoon, and him i didn't want to dine with at all. there's no question it's all about that. i got to the point where i look at the possibility of a genuine internal transformation in some individuals. i've been disappointed before and i must be ready to be disappointed again. if iran forces make we must all be prepared and we should start preparing to go back to the 20s. there are more than 3 million sex workers across india, now some are pushing to get their trade legalized.
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>> reporter: as night falls over calcutta, it's time for some women to go to work. amidst the crowd here hundreds of sex workers. india is one of the largest prostitution markets in the world, yet for the women, it's a life in the shadows, even in daylight. she doesn't want to be identified because she fears she could be arrested. >> translator: after i lost my father, i've been looking after my mother and seven siblings with the money i make doing this work. so why should it be considered bad? every now and then i'm put in jail. >> reporter: although prostitution isn't illegal soliciting a client is. and that's where these women find themselves on the wrong side of the law. this building is home to many
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sex workers. on an average, they earn only about $5 per client and often have to pay a cut to pimps or the police. they're among the most marginalized and exploited women in the country. and i've been told by the sex workers group here that around seven to eight new women come to this onesie alone every day to join the profession. so although it's not recognized by the law, it is a reality. across indian cities there are more than 3 million sex workers, and now some of them don't want to hide anymore. hundreds came out on calcutta streets, demanding they be given a license to work. >> translator: if our profession becomes legal, then we will be treated with dignity. people will stop harassing us. our children won't be looked down upon. >> reporter: the theories that legalizing the trade may give
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traffickers a free hand. >> the advantage is you can easily bring a group of very young, 17 18 19-year-olds and say, they are going for legal work. you cannot stop them. you cannot stop traffickers bringing girls from bangladesh nepal.
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m so glad we could be here for larry.
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hello. you're watching "gmt." i'm tim willcox. our top stories. egypt's revenge for the apparent slaughter of 21 of its coptic christians. fighter jets strike islamic state militants training camps, weapons catches, across the border in libya. as denmark mourns its dead two men are charged with attacking a synagogue and a cafe. we hear from the danish foreign minister. >> we need to stay together not split our societies. we need to live our lives without fear. coming up, putting the opposition t

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