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tv   BBC World News  BBC America  April 2, 2015 10:00am-11:01am EDT

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this is "gmt" on bbc world news. hello, i'm ron atkins. there's an ongoing hostage situation at a kenyan university. gunmen have killed at least 15 people and are holding others. >> we heard some gunshots and it was sleeping so it was around 5:00 and guys started jumping up and down running for their lives. >> islamic state may have recruited as many as 25,000 foreign fighters. we'll hear where they come from and what tactics are needed to fight them. we'll go to new york where a new exhibition documents the 20th century journey many african-americans made from the
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rural south to the industrial poor. and, of course aaron is here with business. we'll look at the possible impact that a lifting of sanctions could have on iran. >> yeah, those talks between six world powers and iran continues. so we'll look at the enormous possibilities and potential for that economy. in fact, it is the $60 billion a year opportunity the business world imagines after sanctions on iran are removed. it's mid-day here in london 11:00 p.m. on russia's east coast, and 2:00 in kenya. and there al shabaab militants have stormed a university campus and are currently holding a number of hostages. details are still emerging with but we know at least 15 people were killed in the initial gun attack. security forces have surrounded the hospital at university college in garissa, where the
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hostages are being held. but access is incredibly difficult, because snipers are shooting at them from the roof. well al shabaab has spoken to the bbc, it's told us that once inside, it separated the muslims from the non-muslims and the muslims were allowed to leave. let's get the very latest from our world affairs correspondent nick charles. >> reporter: local emergency services rushed to respond to the deadly dawn attack on the garissa university college compound. masked gunmen had stormed the site initially killing two guards on the gate. this region in eastern kenya, not far from the border with strife-torn somalia has been a seen of numerous terror attacks. this new onslaught on the university has come amid reports that there had been local warnings that another attack could be imminent. relief for some as a group of students emerged from hiding. they talked of the gunmen firing
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indiscriminately. there are fears now for an unknown number of hostages. >> we heard some gunshots and we were sleeping so it was around 5:00, and guys started jumping up and down, running for their lives. but it's unfortunate that where they were going to is where the gunshots were coming from. >> reporter: meanwhile, the local hospital has been coping with many injured, mainly from gunshot wounds. >> they are working to deploy those to beef up the medical operation that is ongoing. we wouldn't want to be caught off guard, so we would rather have as much of the medical team on the ground, so they can deal with any eventualities as and when they will come. >> reporter: watchfully anxiously, the police lay in wait as the standoff continued. gunfire and explosions were heard at the campus. the police talked ded of a fierce exchange with the gunman. the somali islamist group, al shabaab, linked to al qaeda, has now said it's behind the attack. most spectacularly, it was also
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behind the storming of the westgate shopping center in nairobi in 2013 which spread panic and left 67 dead. al shabaab's targeted kenya after kenyan troops were sent into somalia to help fight the group there. and the fallout from this new attack will reach far beyond the shocked community of garissa. nick childs bbc news. >> well the kenyan interior ministry has been tweeting about this incident. it says out of four hostiles three have been evacuated. the attackers are cornered and the operations continue. kenya's national disaster operations tweet that only 280 out of the 815 students are accounted for. it also says the majority of those injured have gunshot wounds. in another tweet, it says four are in critical condition and have been airlifted to nairobi. we've also heard from medecins sans frontieres, which says it's sending a team of nine to garissa after a request from the
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authorities. let's talk about the latest from garissa. >> the latest is that the standoff still continues in one of the dormitories in the university college in garissa, where the gunmen are said to be on top of that building where they're actoring as snipers, shooting anybody that would come to their side. officials saying of several hundred people are still unaccounted for, and they're still searching for people from inside. people are coming out of the place, people are running away, military persons and police presence near the place. and the shops and schools are all closed in garissa. there's no movement. life is done still and the standoff continues. >> and al shabaab is based in
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somalia. somalia is not so far away from garissa, from the border between kenya and somalia. this is your hometown. tell us about it. >> garissa is about 150 kilometers from the border. there are many checkpoints between garissa and how to close all the checkpoints and the border and come all the way to their university college. and people are even asking on the number of guests at the university call it a week after there was an a lot of imminent attack on the education institution in kenya. so people in garissa are actually -- people are shocked, people are surprised this is
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driving a wedge between muslims and non-muslims in that part of kenya. were running away from parts of kenya, following previous attacks, where six people were killed. a attack where 28 now people are trying to tract non-locals to come not area and work. and again, this attack is a shock to them. people are surprised, they can't believe it. but more so many people we've been speaking to eyewitnesss are blaming insecurity operators for such kind of attacks ss in that part of kenya. >> and before i let you go,al shabab wants to control somalia so we can understand its motivation to attack targets in somalia, but why does it continue to attack kenya?
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>> initially, they say kenya should withdraw from somalia, but today they say kenya is somali territory, they say kenyans are occupying it illegally. and they say this particular college was producing non-muslim teachers and they say they were missionary activities in this college. so it seems now that they have gone farther by claiming that even this territories that are under kenya, not just in kenya, but largely inhabited by somalis is also a somali region and they say that kenyas are occupying it and that's the region for that attack. >> thank you very much for that report. you can get more information on this story as it develops by going to our website, bbc.com/news. you'll find a live reporting feed with the latest on the attacks. also, do see the new africa live page which we're running, which
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collates all the latest information on this. in other news at least 50 egyptian soldiers have been killed after militant attacked several checkpoints in sinai. they opened fire on various checkpoints. no claim of responsibility has come yet, but i.s. has carried out similar attacks in the past. palestinian officials in syria say that islamic state fighters have been forced out of a refugee camp on the outskirts of damascus. i.s. militants entered the camp on wednesday, but met strong resistance from a palestinian militia. there are reports of clashes on the outskirts with the camp. afghan police say at least 17 people have been killed in a suicide attack in the country. the attacker blew himself up in a crowd of anti-corruption demonstrators in front of the residence of the deputy provincial governor.
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now, the flow of foreign fighters joining militant groups is higher than it's ever been that's according to experts. and now the u.n. has released figure showing they've risen even more sharply in the past ten months. over that time the report has found that 25,000 foreign fighters have gone to work with groups like al qaeda and islamic state, from at least 100 countries. and we'll tell you more about which countries in a moment and travel from areas like iraq syria, libya, and pakistan. some 22,000 of them are in syria and iraq loon. the report also says the number of foreign fighters has increased by 71% between the middle of 2014 to march 2015. well, let's talk about this now with charlie winter researcher with the quillium foundation. thanks for your time. when you look at that jump in the figures in recent months you immediately just think, why,
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what's changed? >> the thing that's changed is islamic state. it has a different narrative. it adds to the traditional jihadist narrative passed by groups like al qaeda, and it's given it a utopian edge. people feel that by going to join the conflict in syria and iraq they are not just fighting, they are going to establish a state. and for you and i, that's not a very good narrative. but some more someone who's a committed is jihadist it can be very persuasive. >> it's not just about the fact that they're using more sophisticated methods to recruit, it's also the method they're using to recruit as well. >> exactly. among many jihadists, the islamic state is seen as a doer rather than al qaeda which is seen as a sinker. so that's a very important difference that's emerged over the last few months in particular. >> coordinated recruitment from country to country, or is it more that it has different groupings, trying to recruit in different places? >> the whole nation of recruitment is quite an ambiguous one. it's something which is decentralized. and there's no structure,
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there's no outward structure that is very easy to detect. but it is across the world, we often hear about social media being a fundamentals at s ataspect of it, and that's true. it's not only a place where social media can be propagated. but it's also somewhere where you can have very easy contact, peer-to-peer with people who are in the region who have already joined the group. that means it becomes easy to find out how to get to a country with syria, without having to be caught up with the authorities. >> but presumably the decentralized nature of the recruitment makes it incredibly hard to combat. >> it certainly does. i mean what is most important in all of this is to prevent rather than just react. so we hear about these things in turkey. that's very very important. we hear about people being brought back to the uk or other home countries. that's also very important. but this is a long-term issue. it's very important that governments look towards preventing it in the long-term,
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so that means the ideology that means the dismantling the ideology. that also means dismantling and dealing with the issues that render the ideology appealing. it's a great many things that call someone to find a group like islamic state attractive. and it's going to be a difficult thing to prevent, but that's the key towards this. >> charlie, thank you very much indeed. charlie weren'tinters from the quillium foundation. stay with us here because we're talking about deal or no deal in switzerland. the deadline on the iranian nuclear talks has come and gone. still no agreement, but they are still talking. we'll be live there in a few minutes' time.
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ice breakers duo a fruity cool way to break the ice. let's turn our attention to yemen now, because since going on-air, we've had reports from the port city of aden that dozens of troops have disembarked there as rebels intensify their assault on the
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city. so far we've been unable to confirm these reports. but we do know of course that aden is a major port city on yemen's south coast. and already, houthi rebels supported by army units loyal to the former president, ali abdullah saleh, have used tanks and armored vehicles to advance on government-held positions. but it was reported that the rebels have lost some of their gains after air strikes pushed them back. and those air strikes are being conducted by saudi arabia. let's talk to mohammaded yehia. what's bbc arabic reporting with some certainty? >> well over the past 24 hours, the situation has turned very volatile and uncertain. it's dangerous, actually. because despite a week of aerial bombardment, and bombardment from the sea, by naval ships, the houthis, who are the shia rebels, who are accused of being backed by iran along with their
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allies the army units that are loyal to the former president, have been able to make advances. and last night, they were reported to be using tanks and troops in the center of aden. there were strikes overnight, they were pushed back but they are still in some areas of the city. aden is extremely important in this campaign that's going on in yemen, because it's the last remaining bastion of power for president hadi and he's sort of assigned it as a territory capital. and he's in saudi arabia now, unable to come back but the saudi-led coalition, one of its main objectives for the time being, is to secure aden. if this is not possible by air or by sea bombardment, then it is conceivable that they will use forces on the ground, to do two things. to secure the city and push back the houthis and their allies and prevent them from coming
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back. and they would include, if it happens, they would include specialists who would be better able to direct the air strikes, so that they can hit their targets more efficiently. >> okay thank you very much indeed. and let me also bring you this interview that our security correspondent, frank gardner, has done. frank's in saudi arabia, and he's been speaking to a senior official there about saudi arabia's plans for its involvement in yemen. >> can that campaign go on if you can't force the houthis to stop? >> so we have a very let's say, hard task to targeting them among the cities, the villages. this is why we have so far, we cannot say it's is a long but it's a hard task. >> so there's no time limit? >> we have time frame. but as you know that there is a
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lot of elements a six-year plan. >> what steps are you taking to avoid civilian casualties? how sure can you be that the targets you're hitting do not contain civilians? >> we're using all the resources of intelligence to make sure that we do not hit the wrong targets. we do not target any target without making sure that it is the houthi target or the saleh troops. let's bring you up to date with a major rescue operation to save the crew of a russian trawler that has gone down. we already know that 54 people have died. this is happening in the western russian ocean, in the sea of okhotsk. >> we understand that the operation goes on and that the searchers are still looking for some 15 people who were aboard
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that fishing trawler when it went down. we know that 63 people have been rescued from the sea and from the lifeboats that they managed to scramble to but some are in a very serious condition. many suffering from hypothermia because of the cold water they fell into or are exposed to. the problem is getting them back to dry land. the -- in normal weather, if good weather, it would take about 12 hours to get back to the nearest big city. there's a couple of helicopters that are involved in the rescue operation, but it's getting dark, there's strong winds there, and we're told that they won't be able to evacuate anyone. so some seven people are unconscious, we understand. they're now being treated by doctors who are onboard other fishing boats in the area. and it's those other fishing boats which are absolutely key to the rescue operation. we understand that the trawler sank in just 15 minutes and that the captain didn't manage to even put out a distress signal. the main theory that was put out by the investigative committee at the beginning was that there was some kind of collision, possibly with some floating ice.
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we're also hearing from local officials, emergency officials, that perhaps the trawler capsized, because it was simply overloaded. that there is a theory that the fishermen were bringing in a major capture, some 80 tons worth of fish and the trawler capsized, because it couldn't cope with that. but obviously at the moment, this is an ongoing investigation. >> now, over five decades in the 20th century, 6 million african-americans moved from the rural south of the u.s. to the industrial cities of the north. became known as the great migration. many black artists recorded the upheaval and the change that they saw. one of them was jacob lawrence. his paintings are on display at the museum of modern arts in new york and michael mott has been there. ♪
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>> we had apartheid in this country. people weren't leaving the south just because of jobs in the north, they were leaving the south because of the humiliations and violence of jim crow. they were doing what so many people have done in the history of the united states, which was uprooting their families in order to feel safe and free. jacob lawrence was an artist who emerged out of harlem of the 1930s. when lawrence was making these, he's a very young man. he's just 23 years old. and he sets for himself the task of telling the story of his people in an epic way. it's 60 panels in a row, each with a caption. he told the story of the great migration between 1915 and 1970. it was 6 million black citizens who moved upwards out of the south. and that movement was one of the
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greatest demographic events in the history of the united states, and it thoroughly transformed american culture. ♪ some of the scenes in the migration series have great tenderness and intimacy. you see images of a woman reading a letter in bed to a young child. and that's mixed with these incredibly stark, forthright images about the fact of racial injustice. images of the injustice done in courts images of the capricious arrest of black men and images of lynching. there were over 4,000 lynchings between the beginning of the century and 1950. billie holiday in 1939 began singing the song "strange
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fruit." you have cultural figures, who are using the cultural stage to make really broad appeals to pay attention to issues of race. and lawrence is keenly aware of them. and i think that he understands that in this moment in time that he can use cultural to cast a spotlight on the issues that plagued american society in 1941 and still plague american society today. >> now, you definitely can't say that the u.s. and iran aren't right to find a deal on the iranian nuclear program. we had another eight-hour marathon of talks on wednesday, and we heard the word "progress" being used a lot. now, let's talk to our chief international correspondent, lisa who's live for us from switzerland. the trouble is we're getting to the stage where progress alone isn't enough. both sides need a deal don't they? >> they do need a deal but both
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sides are indicating that it will take the time it takes. what we're hearing from the western delegations is that they will decide today whether they have gone far enough to be able to issue a statement. and if not, the ministers will go away and the experts will remain. we've just had the foreign minister of iran walking past us, and i asked him how long he hoped to stay. and he said he hopes to leave tonight. and i said, without a statement? and he pointed out that for the iranians, their deadline is the end of june. that is the deadline for a final deal on iran's nuclear program. it is a self-imposed deadline basically an american deadline because the americans want to be able to show the u.s. congress that they have made progress. so they are making progress but they're not there yet. >> thank you so much, indeed. and keep us posted throughout the day here on bbc world news. coming up in the next half an hour on "gmt." three agencies of government when i get there that are gone. commerce, education, and the,
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um -- what's the third one there? let's see. >> the dos and definitely the don'ts of election debates. we've got seven, yes, seven uk political party leaders taking part in a tv debate later. we'll look what lesson the brits can learn from the americans.
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and aaron's going to be back with us looking at the latest major u.s. employer to bow to low-wage pressure. >> yeah it's the golden arches. yes, mickey d's says it's increasing its minimum wage by one buck come july. meaning the average starting wage for mcdonald's staff will be nearly $10 an hour. but we're going to take a look at why this new deal for workers is proving to be not such a happy meal. later on seven party leaders here in the uk will take part in a tv debate. the general election is in early may, and the polls are tight. so these two hours of tv definitely matter. but all of this is quite new to us in the uk. but in the states it's different. tv debates have been a staple of the u.s. tv experience for a long, long time, and lots of o
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lessons have been learned, sometimes the hard way. here's katty kay. >> reporter: america's elections are bigger more expensive, and more glitzy than anyone else's. and in the showbiz world of u.s. campaign debate nights are oscar nights getting viewers to notice you on this crowded stage is tricky. it's a seemingly endless lineup of elder statesmen. yes, men, you're lucky if you get one woman in the mix. >> and you will be a one-term president! >> reporter: so how do presidential hopefuls make debates work for them? >> you have to have a message that stands out. and you have to have a moment or two in the debates where you stand out from all the competition. >> a debate performance can define a candidate. the front runners want to make history. the lesser known candidates want to make their mark. and no one wants to make a mistake. >> it's three agencies of government, that when i get there, are gone. commerce, education, and the -- uh what's the third one there?
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let's see. >> what rick perry learned from the presidential debates in 2012 was you need to be prepared. you can't have a moment where you forget what you're talking about, where you forget your message, where you forget the line you're supposed to deliver. >> president obama was a solid, if slightly boring debater. but even he has had moments he might like to forget. >> he's very likable. i agree with that. i don't think i'm that bad. >> you're likable enough hillary. >> thank you. >> likability and presentation are as important as substance in american debates. al gore fell short in his campaign back in 2000 with his distracting side. >> aspiration for example, in alaska. there's a lot of shut-in gas. >> reporter: and an odd invasion of his rival's personal space. >> but can he get things done? and i believe i can. >> reporter: and then there is
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the really awkward. >> dennis and i have been friends for 25 years. i think this is a ridiculous exercise. dennis the thing i like best about you is your wife. >> reporter: success in an american presidential debate is a winning demeanor an intelligent idea and the ability to persuade the voters that they won't get thoroughly sick of having you on their tv screens every night before the next campaign rolls around. and that is easier said than done. katty kay, bbc news, washington. >> well it is easier said than done which is why politicians employ people like the two gentleman who have joined me here on the "gmt" set. let's talk to andrew cesar gordon from electric airwaves and also simon lancaster, a speechwriter and etiquette expert. simon, andrew, good to see you both. andrew, you worked with nick clay, the liberal democrat leader in the last general election here in the uk. and he was very much seen as the winner of those debates. so what did you tell him? why did he get it right when the other two struggled? >> well i think there are two
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things. first of all thewe coach people on what to say and how to say it. and you have to have a compelling and engaging story that people can take away. because what you're trying to do in these debates is not to broadcast messages but give them something to take away and talk about over the dinner able or at the water cooler. so for nick clay it was having to elevate himself to a position where the two main parties were now having a third party come in. so you saw things like him saying the more i hear you talk, the more they sound the same. there is a third way, there is the liberal democrats. and the important thing, secondly, was for him to appeal directly to voters through the barrel of the camera directly into people's living room. it's not a student union debate. it's an opportunity to engage with voters directly in the living room. >> the thing is simon, voters are savvy. they know the politicians are rehearse rehearsing. they know that politicians have people like you to help them prepare. if the message is too obviously, carefully prepared does that undermine its strength?
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>> totally, yeah. i mean the bits that you always remember are the bits that are apparently unscripted. the thing everybody is talking about last week was the "hell, yeah" from ed miliband. >> i heard speculation that he had planned to say that. >> i don't think he did. i think he said it with real passion. and i think that's the thing that's most important for me. when people are speaking with real conviction and commitment and show real purpose. people at home just get it. equally, they just get it when people are trotting out pre-prepared lines. so for me, if i was briefing any one of the seven leaders tonight, i would say forget your lines, forget your tools and techniques the, what you want to do is get back to why it was that you got into politics in the first place. remember, go back to that place, what was your motivation, your start? this is your opportunity, your chance to speak to the british people direct unmediated so go for it. >> on that point, though do you think it works when they forever
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turn away from the people on the stage with them and always direct their points to the camera? does that work? >> the evidence would suggest that it does. now, you've got to remember in 2010 we had never had these debates, and talking down the barrel of the lens talking about the hospital last week this was new to the electorate. i expect this time -- >> the old american trick, isn't it? >> it is but new to the british electorate. they've been there now, they've seen it. there'll be differences this time around. but still, you are appealing directly to the voters. and matt is actually right you want aweuthenticity and credibility and like ktability are key, yet you only have ten minutes with seven of you around the table, to actually get across your argument to get across your story. so you can't development complex, reasoned argumented. you've got to have prepared messages that you can deploy if and when it's appropriate to do so. because what they're thinking about is not just the debate
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but they're thinking about how the media are going to pick over the debate the following morning and the headlines and the clips that are going to be played on youtube, and they want to be sure they are part of those clips. and a good well-crafted sound bite is what will deliver it. >> it's not often i feel sorry for politicians, but i saw some photos of ed miliband and david cameron getting ready last week and i thought, this is a deeply uncomfortable experience for even the most accomplished of performers. so how do you get your politicians ready to deal with that? it's got to be worse than a regular political experience. >> i think you're absolutely right. and with cameron and miliband i don't think they have an awful lot to gain from tonight's experience. i think both of them have votes the lose which is a rather miserable position to be in. >> that's interesting, would you sometimes advise a politician to take almost a defensive approach. don't come out the winner just don't come out the loser? >> no, what we would say, you should be very very clear establishing what it is you want the audience to take away from it and to talk about after the
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program. thereafter, the ins and outs and the nuances of how you deliver that have been carefully thought about. but you've got to focus on yourself and go with the grain of your own personality. you can't be someone that you're not. i think that tonight, ed miliband as an opportunity to show that he's not as other worldly as people think he is. david cameron needs to show that he is elm thetmpathetic to the needs of people who may not have come out of the austerity as well as others. >> and in this bizarre, new world of seven leaders on stage together, how would you advise a politician to get their el bows out a bit and make sure they're heard through the din of everyone else? >> it's the fire in your belly. it's the thing i would say to them. and the people the anti-politics, the faces we're less used to saying that tonight certainly have that. people like nicholas sturgeon and leann woods, they're really really feisty characters. >> so let it out?
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>> let it out. cameron, they've been around this before, and the danger for them, they look a bit too complacent and relaxed tonight. >> you've got to be passionate and show and demonstrate that the people you are talking to the electorate are people you understand. >> both of you thank you very much, indeed. now, for more on the uk elections and all the buildup to this particular debate go to bbc.com/news. and you can see who gets heard and who gets the last word because you can watch this debate on bbc world news today at 19 gmt. we'll be taking the debate live. now, let's talk to aaron, who is teasing us a little bit earlier about quite a significant decision by mcdonald's. >> by mcdonald's. we're also going to talk about the potential, huge potential, of economies if sanctions are lifted. i can give you a good sound bite. let me start with you. hello, there. food giant mcdonald's has been
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the latest giant employer to bow to pressure over low pay. mcdonald's says come july it's going to raise wages at its company-owned restaurants to $1 over the local minimum wage and it's also going to offer paid leave. let's take a look at this. the average starting wage for mcdonald's staff in the u.s. is around $9 an hour. the company says that will rise to $9.90 an hour and go above $10 by next year. however, it is way off the $15 being demanded by wage protesters. you know the fight for $15 campaign, which have staged strikes across the country. and it doesn't -- this is important. it doesn't affect employees of franchise restaurants who are, needless to say, the vast majority in the u.s. so from new york. >> reporter: it's known for its cheap meals. but on wednesday, america's fast food giant talked about spending more. it said it's going to raise the pay for its staff to at least $1
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above the minimum wage which means by next year the average mcdonald's employee will earn $10 every hour. while the announcement does impact 90,000 workers, it only applies to outfits that are owned by mcdonald's. so it doesn't affect staff at shops like this one that are owned of independent franchises. and franchises consume about 90% of all mcdonald's stores in the united states. in recent years, the burger chain has seen an increasing number of protests by its employees, demanding higher wages. but those at the forefront of the campaign don't think the latest pay hike is enough. >> you know this measly $1 raise, these workers want that raise and they're going to take credit for winning it but it's not enough. they're going to keep fighting until they get $15 an hour, until they get the union. in february walmart, america's largest private employer had
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announced a wage increase for its staff, and the trend is being seen as a sign of a pickup in the economy. >> it's not particularly unusual, that as you get closer to full employment or even through full employment that you do see greater wage inflation pressures and that's going to be really the key issue in the u.s. economy in 2015. >> reporter: so as the big companies begin to move on wages, it's expected that even the smaller ones might soon have to follow suit. bbc news new york. let's turn our attention to the talks between six world powers in iran over its nuclear program. they have continued into the night. over 8 days that i have been around these tables. and we know iran has been subjected to a range of sanctions in recent years, all in an effort to curb the country's nuclear ambitions. they have had, certainly, needless to say, a massive economic impact on their country. take a look at this.
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it's estimated iran oil experts have slumped some 59% in 2011 because of embargoes and sanctions. the cost to iran around $60 billion a year every year, in lost trade. and an economy at least 20% smaller than it would have been all of this according to u.s. estimates. well lots to talk about with dr. hasan, the director of the london middle east institute at soas the school of africa studies here in london. hasan hasan, great to have you with us. in a minute, we'll talk about the $60 billion a year opportunity that the business world is imagining, but we talk about an economy that some 20% less than it really should be. no doubt, the sanctions, embargoes have hit living standards, i'm sure. can you show us a brief picture, how hard has it been for average iranians on the ground? >> iranians have lived under
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sanctions for more than three decades. but this particular round of sanctions have hit hard because they went beyond trade sanctions and they include restrictions on iran's international financial transactions. so for the better part of this deal, iran has really been isolated from economy and the removal of sanctions potentially can be the key to unlocking the potential that this huge economy in the middle east region has >> and when you say unlocking, we're talking about nearly everything here right. if the sanctions access to capital markets around the world, exports, imports, you know, the list goes on and on. the potential is enormous. >> the potential is enormous and this may not necessarily happen overnight, because the removal of sanctions across it but i think the main impact the immediate impact would be
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psychological. this will boost confidence in iran, and let's not forget that the iranians, not only in natural resources, but also in human resources. iran has a very numerous population. and this can potentially be a very important consumer market potentially, because of the sanctions, have done very well. this is one of the few countries on earth, where you can do business in the absence of competition from big american giant companies. so there will be a scramble by europeans. >> but there's a scramble already, isn't it? global companies, global foreign investors, they're lining up at the door. they're waiting for this agreement to happen. >> they are waiting, but they're not quite there yet. some of the bigger companies would be wary of falling foul of the u.s. treasury given the potential for punitive fines that they can levy and they did levy on some of the big national
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banks. so they would watch and wait. but certainly for some of the european countries and also those countries where observation of unilateral sanctions has not been very strict, there would be a rush to get there before it's too long. >> we'll all wait with bated breath. thank you so much for joining us. do you remember the lincoln continental? the car? >> mm-hmm. >> watch this one. you'll like this. it was the car loved by elvis, loved by everybody, apparently. ford is re-launching its famous lincoln continental car after retiring the name the brand, back in 2002. it is all part of the u.s. automaker's effort to target the luxury market in the united states as well as china. but here's a question, can it compete with its german and asian rivals? well michelle flurry spoke to ford's big boss the chief executive, and sent us this report from new york. >> reporter: making a splash in the big apple. a 13-year break, the lincoln
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continental is making its comeback. ford chief executive, mark fields explained the decision to bring the car back whose sales peaked in the '90s. >> it was the car that presidents would travel around in and movie stars bought. so this name has a lot of iconic value to us and to customers. >> lincoln continental for 1961. >> reporter: continental once helped define american luxury. >> lincoln continental. classic beauty in a smart, new size. >> reporter: elvis owned one. >> continental size. >> reporter: but this isn't your grandfather's continental. take a look at the inside. here you can see the front seat moves forward so i can fully recline when i'm on the go. and for those busy executives who always need to keep in touch at all times, or maybe they just want to watch a movie, there's always this tablet. the design reflects ford's
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ambitions, to sale luxury car to chinese buyers. >> china over the next couple of years will become the largest luxury car seller in the world. >> reporter: the american carmakers catch up to the germans when it comes to luxury? >> it's a core part of our growth plan and i absolutely believe we can be relevant. we're not going to be the biggest. we're one of the smallest right now, but we can use that to our advantage. the new continental might not be able to beat the likes of bmw and mercedes but the sheer size of china's luxury car market means ford is getting into a race with more than one winner. michelle flory, bbc news new york. >> pretty huh? follow me on twitter, tweet me i'll tweet you right back. that's it with the business. >> thank you aaron. i'm wondering if michelle gets to keep that car. it would be a nice touch if she did. now, stay with us here on
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bbc world news. in a few minutes' time we're going to be seeing a colorful ferry going to cross the mersey in liverpool. it's got a bit of a pop art makeover. introducing york minis. a bite size way to enjoy the full size sensation of peppermint and rich dark chocolate. york minis get the sensation. if you're running a business legalzoom has your back. over the last 10 years we've helped one million business owners get started. visit legalzoom today for the legal help you need to start and run your business. legalzoom. legal help is here. [car engine] [car engine] ♪ introducing the first-ever 306-horsepower lexus rc coupe
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welcome back here to "gmt" on bbc world news. our lead stories at the moment is that islamic militants have stormed the kenyan university, at least 16 people and holding an unknown number of hostages. and the u.n. says that more than 25,000 foreign fighters from 100 nations have joined militant groups such as al qaeda and islamic state. now i've got a fascinating story for you now. it's about first world war
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warships that are designed to dazzle and confuse german submarine commanders. this technique may be 100 years old, but it's been given a modern twist. colin patterson explains. >> reporter: sir peter blake. back on mersey's side, not because of the beatles, but the boat. but he will always have that special link to liverpool because in 1967 he was paid a one-off fee of 200 pounds to design the front cover of sergeant peppers. >>. >> i think over the years, it's become iconic. i don't think when we did it two weeks of work actually making it it was built in the studio. so now i would do it on the computer. but it was built as life-sized cutouts. it was doing a job. >> his latest work is rather bigger than a 12-inch square as part of liverpool's first world war commemorations, he was asked to give the ferry across the mersey a makeover.
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and it took 3,200 hours of painting to finish the job. >> i mean it's very rare to have this much this big a canvas to work on. you sit here there are walls of orange and yellow and blues, and it was putting nice bright colors together on a large scale. >> reporter: the ferry is a tribute to what was known during the first world war as dazzle ships. wilkinson was serving as a volunteer and realized that ships could not be camouflaged, but could be painted in a way to make things difficult for the enemy. >> i think the principle of it is not to hide the ship but to confuse the enemy. i think that if you're firing at the ship in the distance you shoot ahead of it. and so it sals into the shell, as it were. whereas with dazzle you didn't
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quite know where it was. you couldn't place it in space and you couldn't work out which was the front and which was the back. >> reporter: sir peter has been on the forefront of british pop art since the start of the '60s. >> i've done other walls. the brothers superman, and shirley temple. >> reporter: but while he's in liverpool for today's maiden voyage he does expect the beatles link to come to the foreoncefore once again. >> do you people come up to you with the cover and get it signed? >> yeah you see people covering a 12-inch square bag and suddenly appear before me and say, would you sign this like i've never signed one before. they do everywhere. i bet you've got one in your bag. we'll sign it when we're finished talking. >> reporter: it's estimated that the ferry will cross the mersey
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2,800 times while sporting its new look. colin patterson, bbc news liverpool. just a quick reminder of our top story here on "gmt."".." islamist gunmen have killed at least 15 people at a kenyan university. you want an advanced degree, but sometimes work can get in the way. now capella university offers flexpath, a revolutionary new program that allows you to earn a degree at your pace and graduate at the speed of you. flexpath from capella university.
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[ indistinct conversation ] so, tell me. why is it so important that you find this man? we had business dealings. he owes me money. hmm. well, if we had "business dealings," i can tell you that i wouldn't disappear. maybe we can discuss that possibility. but first, i have to find him collect the money i'm owed. people that come in here they count on a certain amount of anonymity. and if i were to start answering questions about them

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