tv BBC World News BBC America April 6, 2015 9:00am-10:01am EDT
australia. hello and a warm welcome to the program. a court in indonesian has ruled that two australians on death row for drug smuggling cannot challenge the president's rejection of their clemency pleas. andrew chan, seen there on the left and myuran sukumaran were convicted in 2006 of leaving the so-called bali 9 group of heroin smugglers. the court upheld an earlier ruling them. the two australians are among foreign drug convicts facing execution by firing squad. a short time ago, i got reaction from our correspondents in cambra and jakarta and asked about the dismay being felt in the capital. >> there will be a great deal of
anger as well, i would imagine. australia, the government, and human rights groups and supporters believe two men have waged a vigorous campaign to try to convince indonesian authorities that potato andrew chan and myuran sukumaran have been rehabilitated. they point to the fact that andrew chan is an ordained pastor and that myuran sukumaran is now regarded as a celebrated artist and that both of these convicted drug smugglers have been working tirelessly with other inmates within the indonesian prison system. indonesia has been rejecting all of these overtures, not just from australia, but from other countries, including france and the philippines, and in australia, here in the capital, cambra, there will be a great degree of fear here too now that andrew chan and myuran sukumaran have run out of options and could well be facing the firing squad within weeks. >> we've spoken about tension between the two countries, how much of a diplomatic spat arehave
the cases of these two men caused? >> it's interesting to look back over the last few weeks, has australia done enough to save these two men or has australia done too much in its efforts to have these death penalties commuted into life sentences. there has been a feeling that some of the language used by the australian prime minister tony abbott, has been overly aggressive and that has been not well received of course by indonesia. there is also an argument here in australia, that asked why the authorities here -- until this time to really launch their campaign to save these two men, given that they've been on death row for the better part of a decade. >> thank you. let's cross to jakarta, indonesia, let's talk to our correspondent there. and alice, just explain to us this court's ruling. is this the last legal hurdle? the last opportunity that these two men have to challenge their
conviction? >> well actually this is a challenge on the technicalities of the law. something that a lot of legal experts here and the attorney general's office have always said would not have affected their imminent or upcoming execution anyway. but what the court is essentially saying today is that it doesn't have any authorities to rule on the clemency rejection by the president, because clemency is the prerogative of the president. and the lawyers of the two australias on death row sort of used it as you know, last-ditch appeal, to try to avoid the execution. but at this point, i have to say that with this court position it doesn't mean that andrew chan and myuran sukumaran will be executed imminently and that's because the attorney general has always said that the convicts will be next executed. they will be executed together. and in the last few weeks, many
of them have tried to challenge, have filed judicial reviews, have tried to find some other legal avenues to try to post own or avoid the executions. and until all of them all of those procedures are exhausted, the indonesia doesn't seem to want to execute any of these ten people. some breaking news now from kenya. the air force there has carried out bombing raids across the border in somalia, and that's following last thursday's attack by al shabaab militants on garissa university in which nearly 150 people were killed. two raids took place, we're told, in the gedo region close to the border. more details when we get them on that breaking news. now, the first aid flights into yemen have been held back
by landing difficulties, according to the red cross. two flights were scheduled to deliver doctors and supplies to the capital, sanaa, after an agreement with the saudi-led coalition. that coalition has been bomb rg shia houthi rebels in yemen for the past 12 days. katarina has this report. >> reporter: it's a desperate situation for those who can't escape yemen. in the city of aden people risk their lives journeying to this distribution well. there isn't enough water, two major districts are without power, and many shops are running low on food. this boy says they've been without water for five days. the international red cross says after nearly a week of negotiations, they're now able to start delivering life-saving supplies and equipment to yemen. on sunday they received commission from the saudi-led coalition battling houthi rebels. the united nations says that over the past two weeks, fighting in yemen that has left more than 500 people dead and
about 1,700 wounded. saudi-led air strikes against houthi rebels continued for a 12th night on sunday. but they're continue to attack the southern city of aden. they pushed forward to the heart of the city. the u.n. security council says it's perceived russia's call for saudi-led air strikes in yemen. >> the russian delegation circulated a draft legislation regarding humanitarian measures in yemen and expressed concerns over the humanitarian situation. >> reporter: foreign citizens are being evacuated as the humanitarian situation gets worse. countries including france china, pakistan sudan, algeria, and egypt have stepped up efforts to pull their citizens out of yemen. but for yemeni americans, they've been told by the u.s. government that there are no current plans for an evacuation of its citizens and have been encouraged to shelter in a
secure location until they're able to depart safely. in response a coalition of arab american advocacy groups have launched a website to help americans trapped. >> there is no explanation, no rhyme or reason. what they have said is that it is unsafe for them to attempt to evacuate u.s. citizens, which again makes no sense. one, because other countries are doing it. two, because the u.s. has the largest, most powerful military in the world. u.s. citizenship should be really the ultimate protection. >> reporter: as fighting continues, the houthi rebels remain steadfast in their aim to replace the president's government. and they hope to land two planes on monday bringing much-needed supplies. >> well sally nabil is our correspondent in cairo and she's been reporting on yemen since the houthi takeover of sanaa.
a short time ago, she gave me an update about those aid flights. >> no flights have landed yet in yemen. a lot of yemen is pinning hope on the aid supplies that will be delivered by the red cross. we know that there is an agreement between the saudis who lead the air strikes on yemen and the red cross, but so far nothing has been delivered. what we get from both the capital sanaa and the southern city of aden from the people there, they told me that the humanitarian situation is very dire. there is a shortage of fuel in sanaa. people are trying to buy as much food and water supplies as they can, because they don't know what the coming days are holding for them. in aden actually it's much worse. people have no water, no electricity. they cannot come out of their homes because of the street fighting between the houthi rebels and some of the militias loyal to the president. air strikes are hitting hard on different parts of yemen.
so perhaps these aid supplies to be delivered by the red cross will help alleviate part of the humanitarian crisis taking place in yemen now. >> sally nabil in cairo. well, a political correspondent based in sanaa has been giving me a sense of the scale of the humanitarian problem there. >> we have two flights landing in sanaa, a population of about 2.5 million people. a population that is currently suffering from a severe shortage of gas, of food and drugs. whatever they're bringing today is not going to be sufficient to cover a lot of things. the saudi coalition is going to see it as a big boom for them allowing only two flights. but hopefully this is going to open a floodgate of more aid coming into sanaa. >> because the point is people in sanaa were suffering from food shortages even before this fighting really took off. >> unfortunately, that is the reality. 40% of the population was food insecure before the current
conflict. currently, that has been exacerbated by the air strikes for the past 12 days. now you see long queues of people on the street for food for drugs, for fuel. this is a humanitarian crises right now, honestly. >> what is the mood then in sanaa? people are clearly extremely worried about the future. >> not just the future the immediate future actually. we live in fear here. we're currently out of drugs, out of safe havens to hide in. bombardments 24/7. now we're running out of supplies. so basically, it's a very dark scenario. >> hisham al omeisy speaking to me from sanaa. hundreds of civilians have managed to escape from yarmouk over the weekend, but over
18,000 refugees remain trapped inside. the united nations has appealed for all sides to cease hostilities in the camp which has been under siege for almost two years. paul wood reporting now from beirut. >> reporter: this is a civil war within a civil war. jihadi fighters pushed into yarmouk in damascus. the so-called islamic state says this video shows their victory over other rebel groups there complete. they've certainly never been closer to the heart of the syrian capital. so while this battle takes place, the regime continues its siege of yarmouk. >> translator: today we ran out of food. and now it's the fifth day without water. no aid at all is getting into the camp. we have under siege here for 750
days. >> translator: the regime keeps hitting yarmouk with air strikes and barrel bombs. there are hundreds of wounded. bodies are lined in the streets. we can't get to some of them because i.s. snipers. >> reporter: government rockets arc over damascusmasamascus to yarmouk. i.s. is now just a couple of miles from the presidential palace. an activist accused the regime of letting i.s. to get this far, using it to destroy other rebel groups. whatever the cause, the suffering is undeniable. regime rebels, jihadists. the u.n. is begging all sides to stop the fighting. the people in yarmouk are palestinian refugees.
many have fled once more to lebanon. refugees twice over. when refugees first started coming here to lebanon, the free syrian army was fighting the regime. the fsa has been almost completely marginalized. the conflict is increasingly one of jihadiists against the regime. president assad may have the enemy he wants. western governments have spent four years calling for his overthrow. now they may have to do business with him. paul wood bc news beirut. >> a short time ago, i spoke to the bbc's jim muir also in beirut. and he told me that some refugees have appeared to fled beirut under their own steam, while others may have had help. >> certainly, people will have fled willy nilly, and some will have fled into rebel-held suburbs close to the camp but the government media are reporting that up to 2,000, that's roughly 400 families,
were systemically evacuated through a couple of safe corridors that are set up into a government-held area where according to the state media, they are being looked after in shelters and given everything they need by the syrian authorities. so it seems to be a mixture of both, with the implications that the fighting seems to have died down just a bit. there are reports of missiles hitting the camp this morning, but otherwise the clashes seem to have eased off somewhat from what we hear or indeed what we don't hear. because we're not getting a lot of news just in the last few hours. >> is it possible to say who exactly the fighting is between, because it does seem a particularly complicated situation inside yarmouk. >> it is extremely complicated. you've got, inside the camp already, you had divisions within the palestinian inhabitants of the camp originally like 160,000 people
altogether. you had some groups that were sponsored and close to the syrian government others who were independent, others who were deposed. and syrian opposition groups kind of got mingled up with that. now you've got also i.s. islamic state, moving in. apparently, perhaps facilitated by the al nusra front, which is the al qaeda official front in syria, which is also quite strong, around the camp. it's being accused of collaborating with i.s. it's put out statements saying no, no we're neutral. there are a lot of other largely islamist groups involved on the rebel side as well. it's a very complicated situation, with at least three or four fighting factions, as it were facing off against each other. but the overall message is that this does bring i.s. closer to the heart of damascus than it has been so far, that's the islamic state. and of course the one reason why this camp is so much in the limelight has been such a focus and struggle for the last two
years is precisely that it could act as a springboard for a rebel assault into the very heart of damascus. at the moment the regime has it pretty well blocked off on that side. but that's one reason why the camp is such a focus and is so much contested. >> that was jim muir sneaking ingspeaking to me the from beirut. still to come millions of children at risk in chinese boarding schools with many of them lacking proper oversight. it comes when your insurance company says they'll only pay three-quarters of what it takes to replace it. what are you supposed to do, drive three-quarters of a car? now if you had liberty mutual new car replacement, you'd get your whole car back. i guess they don't want you driving around on three wheels. smart. with liberty mutual new car replacement, we'll replace the full value of your car. see car insurance in a whole new light. liberty mutual insurance. ♪ ♪ the pursuit of healthier.
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will twizzlers mixed berry bites ever end their rivalry with jolly rancher filled gummy bites? not today. bites. little greatness. you're watching bbc world news. i'm james menendez. a court in indonesia has rejected a legal challenge by two drug smugglers who both face execution. and aid could be on its way to yemen after the red cross has given permission to fly supplies
in by the saudi-led coalition. time for a look at the business news. alice is here. hi there. what have you got for us? >> well we've got a busy day. despite the fact that it's monday here in the uk because greece as we've been hearing, has given an assurance that it doesn't end to repay all of its debt. the greek finance minister says that its government plans to honor all of its obligations and to reform the greek economy. his comments following the news in washington with imf officials. now, the rules are changing for non-eu citizens to use britain's national health service. from today, patients from outside the eu will be charged 150% of the cost of treatment in what the british government describes on a crackdown on so-called health tourism. the department of health estimates this will save up to
500 million pounds a year. that's almost $750 million, and prevent abuse of system by visitors. but could this put affected groups like students off coming to the country? we'll be looking into that issue in world business report for you shortly. that's the business. >> see you later, alice. thank you very much. now, let's turn to china, where boarding schools aren't exclusively for the wealthy. they're commonly tanded by the son zps daughters of farmers and migrant workers. the lack of government oversight of those schools are a major case for concern, with abuse by teachers often making the headlines in china. lack of proper safeguards means that millions of children are at risk. one family's battle to get justice for their son. >> reporter: farmers working the fields in china's northern province are used to a hard life. but it's not onehey want for their families.
so they send their children to rural boarding schools, like this one, in this village. it was known as one of the best in the area. that was before this teacher was convicted of confining students inside his home. there, teenage boys were bound and gagged tortured and raped. this went on for years. >> translator: our son used to cry and refuse to return to school. at first, we did not understand why. my husband became so angry. but now we know. our son was suffering. >> reporter: this couple's then 16-year-old son was the first to break the silence. >> the situation was getting worse, so i told my parents. but the memories still haunt me.
>> reporter: the teacher was sentenced to two years and ten months in prison. he admitted to sexually assaulting his students but china has no tlaulaw banning male rape over the age of 14. so in court, he was only found guilty of detaining the boys. his victims want a harsher punishment. >> so we just finished interviewing the family and it's hard not to be affected by the intense sadness felt by every member of this household, to see how the actions of one person can purt so many. but these parents are also very angry. they feel let down by the system, or the lack of a system in place to protect their son. we visited the police station where the family first reported the crime. >> translator: that creep is doing it again. so they knew about this before but didn't do anything to stop
it. >> reporter: the police ignored repeated interview requests and school officials refused to answer similar allegations. they also turned a blind eye to the abuse. advocates from save the children warn there's a high risk of abuse at chinese boarding schools without proper safeguards in place. 30 million children in china attend such schools far away from home. schools with no teacher background checks or a means to report sexual or physical violence. china's education ministry is working to change that. but that's no consolation to some. this family is moving away with their son to start a new life. tired of a system that didn't keep that you are children safe and can't deliver justice now. ceila hatten for bbc news. "rolling stone" magazine has apologized and officially retracted an article published
in november last year, which described a gang rape at a university of virginia fraternity house. it sparked a national discussion about sexual assaults on u.s. college campuses. but a four months police investigation found no evidence that the incident ever occurred. requests to the magazine itself the columbia school of journalism looked into the article and found that "rolling stone" has failed to use basic, even routine journalistic practice to verify the details of the story they've published. queen elizabeth's grandson prince harry, has arrived in australia for a month-long military. he was greeted by a crowd of several hundred people at the australia war memorial and laid a wreath at the tomb of the unknown soldier. he will spend time with special forces commandos in perth and also with an indigenous surveillance unit in the northern territory. it will be the final mission of captain harry wales' decade-long military career and that's before he leaves the army this
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i'm james menendez with bbc world news. our top stories this hour. the kenyan air force has carried out bombing strikes following last week's attack on garissa university by al shabaab militants. hundreds of civilians have fled the yarmouk refugee camp in damascus after days of street fighting in the camp. an indonesian court has rejected a legal challenge by two australian drug smugglers who both face execution. and prince harry has laid a wreath at australia's tomb of the unknown soldier, as he begins a short succumbment for
the country's military. hello. a warm back to the program. fighting is still continuing inside yarmouk after islamic state fighters entered the palestinian refugee camp in damascus last week. hundreds of civilians who have managed to escape from yarmouk over the weekend, but up to 18,000 refugees remain trapped inside. the united nations had called for all sides to cease hostilities in the camp. let's talk to chris in jerusalem, a spokesperson for the united nations release and works agency which works with palestinian refugees. thanks very much for joining us on bbc world news. what is the situation in yarmouk as far as you understand it? >> well i'm sorry to have to
report that the news coming out of the camp continues to be grim extremely dire. we have reports of fighting in the streets. there are reports of aerial bombardments. we are extremely concerned for the fate of some 18,000 civilians, palestinian refugees and also syrian amongst whom are 3,500 children. which is why, as you just said james, in your introduction, wher callwe are calling for a pause and for all sides to show maximum restraint, so that civilians who want to leave can leave. because there's no doubt in my mind, this hour in yarmouk, thousands of lives are at risk. people may be maimed they may be injured, they may be killed. we these to pause and we need evacuations. >> what is the answer at this stage? to try to get help in the camp or to evacuate everybody, all those civilians trapped inside? >> certainly we need humanitarian access because we've had none since the fighting started nearly a week
ago, which means there's no u.n. food, no u.n. water, no u.n. medicine. so the situation has deteriorated rapidly. we did have some mod test good news yesterday. unrua had access to nearly 100 people who had evacuated the camp. if it's possible to evacuate the exact figure was 94 people including women and children. if we can get 94 civilians out, then we can get 194 civilians out and we can get more out. so we need to have political action from the powers who can bring pressure to bear on the parties on the ground to allow a pause, to allow humanitarian access, and to allow evacuations. >> and that is difficult, isn't it? because it's such a chaotic situation inside the camp. it's far from clear who's actually in charge. >> well it is difficult, and it is far from clear who is in charge. on the other hand we have had some evacuations. so you know, whoever made that possible needs to make it possible again. the fact that it has happened in such a complex situation means
that it's possible and logically, it's possible to repeat that. and that's what we need. we need all the parties on the ground to show maximum restraint and to abide by their obligations under international law to protect civilians. >> thanks for joining us. that was chris gunnison who speaks for the united nations relief and works agency which of course, works with palestinian refugees. now, two australian drug traffickers in jail in indonesia have failed a court's bid to grant them clemency. andrew chan and myuran sukumaran were sentenced to death by firing squad in 2006 after plotting to smuggle heroin into australia. but their legal fight will continue from jakarta. now this report. >> reporter: andrew chan and myuran sukumaran. two australians who have shown a global spotlight on indonesia's death penalty policy for drug traffickers. they've spent the last decade in
a balinese prison after being sentenced to death for attempting to smuggle 8.3 kilograms of heroin to australia. they say they're now changed men and have reformed in prison. and that they deserve a second chance. but an indonesian court upheld the rejection of their clemency applications. dashing their hopes of being saved from the firing squad. but their lawyers aren't giving up. they say the indonesian's president to ban all clemencies from drug traffickers is unconstitutional and that they're taking their fight to the next level. >> we are about to file a fundamental issue to a fundamental court, asking the court to emphasize what is the
precedent obligation in relation with the clemency. >> reporter: indonesia has become the target of international outrage, as a result of its policy to ban all clemency applications from drug traffickers. critics say, this is without reviewing each case individually. but the expanding pressure only appears to be firming indonesia's resolve and its position on the death penalty. >> well let's go now to michael o'connell, part of a team of lawyers representing those two australians. michael's on the line from melbourne. thanks for joining us here on bbc world news. what's your reaction to today's ruling? presumably you are very disappointed? >> we are very disappointed, james. we believe that these men over the last ten years have rehabilitated themselves and we're very concerned that that fact hasn't been properly and genuinely considered by the
indonesian authorities and the indonesian legal system. >> and that's why they deserve clemency, you think? >> that's why. >> reporter: what happens now? have all legal avenues been explored and there is no way you can take this case any further? >> there's no further appeal that lies in the administrative court. however, as your reporter earlier indicated, andrew and myuran will file an application in the indonesia constitutional court, challenging the interpretation of the clemency law and arguing that the that the president has an obligation to consider their rehabilitation. >> and what's the time scale for that, then? will that happen imminently? >> the application will be filed this week. it will be joined by some indonesian government organizations. and from there, a preliminary hearing will be set down for a week or two afterwards and then some further directions will be made by the court. >> how are your clients?
>> they're being treated well and in the circumstances they're bearing up remarkably well, given what they've been through, particularly over the last few months. >> you set out the case the clemency, what about the australian government? do you think they've done enough to help your clients' case? >> yes, we do. we believe the australian government has done and is doing all that it possibly can to advocate on andrew and myuran's behalf. >> and just to be clear, finally, you're not expecting, pearl because of that appeal that you said you're going to file. i mean any talk of an imminent execution is simply false. this isn't going to happen in the next few weeks or possibly months? >> well there's no formal mechanism preventing the indonesian government from announcing with 72 hours' notice that these men will be executed. on the other hand we urge the
authorities to respect their own legal process and to allow these proceedings to run their course to enable the constitutional challenge to continue and to allow these men to leave at least in the meantime. >> michael, thank you so much. michael o'connell, i'm sure we'll be in touch if the future. part of the team of lawyers representing those two australians. let's turn to kenya, where the air force has carried out bombing raids across the border in somalia, following last thursday's attack by al shabaab militants. that was on garissa university in which nearly 150 people were killed. two raids took place on sunday in the geto region close to the border. the kenyan president had warned us of the severest possible response to the university attack. the kenyan government has defended its security agencies against accusations that they were too slow to respond to the attack. well, in the past few minutes, community leaders in northeastern kenya have
condemned what happened. >> criminals purporting to possess our faith of islam have committed this hideous act. we want to dissociate ourselves and our islamic faith from the alaska actions of these demented muslims. they are not muslims and do not represent us. we will do everything in our power to expose and eliminate them from our midst. >> one community leader in northeast kenya reacting to what happened at garissa university. let's talk to the bbc's moira who joins us live from the kenyan capital. if we can talk about these aidr raids, what more do we know? >> i just spoke to the spokesman of the kenyan defense forces and
he told me that two al shabaab operational bases were destroyed in air strikes that started last night and that then carried on until this morning. now, those bases are located in a region that's between 50 and 100 kilometers from the kenyan border. the army spokesman told me. and in this zone there are no african union troops. and it's thought that al shabaab is using these operational bases or was using these operational bases to plan attacks inside kenya. the army spokesman also told me that one of the gunmen who's behind the garissa attacks in which nearly 150 people died is from the town of mandera, near the kenyan border and it's thought that he could have also used that route to go into somalia and then to train, possibly plan the attack, and back into kenya. >> and we've also learned that one of the attackers is the son
of a government official which i suppose shows the influence that al shabaab has, and its ability to recruit within kenya, even families close to the government. >> yes. this is the same gunman that is from mandera. in fact, his father who's a government official as you just said warned the kenyan authorities that his son had probably crossed into somalia for training, that he was being radical radicalized, and that they should be looking after his actions in the next few months. he warned the kenyan authorities a year ago. so now, of course a lot of criticism is emerging here in kenya, against the authorities, asking why they weren't able to prevent this attack and also why the response to the attack was so slow. >> i wanted to ask you a bit more about that. there have been plenty of reports emerging questioning why it took so long for the police teams of commandos to go
in after this siege began. >> yes, i mean these are questions that emerged on the day of the attack already. i mean we were hearing reports that some journalists were on the scene before the kenyan defense forces. you know there were days of mourning and now a second day of mourning. but the questions are becoming more and more insisting on social networks, on radio stations. we spoke to the kenyan authorities and raised those questions to them. and they keep defending the actions of their security forces, saying that they are deployed in the universities, they are protecting universities across the country, and that they did the best work that they could. now, of course these air strikes that are starting today are also an attempt from the kenyan security forces to show that they're taking this response seriously and that they are giving the severest responses possible, as the kenyan president promised. >> and of course this isn't a problem confined to those areas close to the border, where you
are in nairobi, no stranger to attacks by al shabaab, of course, the westgate shopping mall. just briefly, what's the mood? are people feeling tense in the aftermath of what happened last week? >> well there has been enhanced security in nairobi over the past few days next to the parliament, several strategic areas. but it's not a massive display of security here in nairobi. it feels quite far away from garissa, where it happened. but we do have the families of the survivors still here at the mortuary waiting to identify their loved one who died in the attack. >> maude, thanks for joining us from the kenyan capital nairobi. >> do stay with us here on bbc world news. still to come we'll be hearing about the fight for better working conditions. ..like a hundred and fifty grand,
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you're watching bbc world news. our headlines so far. the kenyan air force has carried out bombing raids across the border in somalia, following last thursday's attack on garissa university by al shabaab militants. an indonesian court has rejected a legal challenge by two australian drug smugglers. andrew chan and myuran sukumaran, who both face execution. the ukrainian authorities have launched what they say is a major crackdown on corruption arresting two top officials during a cabinet meeting and dismissing an influential provincial governor, one of the country's richest men. some are asking if the government has the power and means to take on an entire system of vested interest. >> reporter: in ukraine, it's war on corruption. late last month, during a live broadcast of a government cabinet meeting, police arrested
this minister and his deputy on charges of embezzlement. the country's leaders said they were getting serious in confronting the deeply entrenched culture of graft. separately, the government faced a showdown with an oligarch. earlier security forces linked to him occupied two state-run energy companies. the details surrounding the takeovers were murky, but the show of arms was clearly meant to send a message, that he was not to be crossed. only this message didn't reach the country's president, poroshenko. in a late-night meeting, he shacked mr. coalmollski as his governor from the region. observers say this was a victory
for the government. >> it's too early to say whether this is really a battle won or beginning of the war being won. but so far, it looks like there is some positive change in ukraine about corruption. and the fact that the governor who was also an oligarch who was a governor was zpids and didn't leave to a military standoff or anything like this is a sign of optimism. >> but they have other resources to draw on. he's worth an estimated $1.3 billion, which is based on energy media, and this ukraine's largest. he's also popular in his home region, where people credit him with providing jobs and security. >> ukraine's oligarchs control huge sections of the economy, which translates into massive political influence. this cuts to the heart of the government's campaign against corruption.
the question is are the oligarchs willing to give up their economic and political control? >> reporter: so far, he has laid low after a sacking, indicating perhaps that the government has the upper hand in its battle against vested interests and corruption. but given the extent of the problem, the struggle seems far from over. david stern, bbc news kiev. now lesotho textiles is the biggest in the country. they're the biggest exporters of garments to the united states generating exports worth $300 million a year. the ever-present denim jeans is one of the many in lesotho, but what are working conditions like for women, who make up more than 80% of the workforce. >> reporter: lesotho's text tile
and clothing industry employs an army of people. most of them women. it's the biggest employer here contributing 20% of the country's gross domestic product. while most lesotho men work in the mines across the border in south africa here the women are the backbone of the economy. the female workforce turns brightly colored fabric into clothing destined for the u.s. market. thousands of households are heavily dependent on this industry. >> one worker they are supporting five people. so you can say, we have 40,000 employees for the export production. so it's going to supporting 200,000 people. >> reporter: in this textile station, 1,300 workers are employed on this production
line. it's very hot and dusty in here. most of them do nine-hour shifts a day. many of them are also bread winners, and yes, they only get to take home just over 100 a month. >> most of the clothing factories are owned by taiwanese and chinese citizens. and they're often accused of putting profit above health and safety issues. the workforce here is protected by a few labor laws but unions want more. >> we want better wages, better working conditions negotiation, and a new labor law. because the law that we are in is very old. >> reporter: having worked her way up in the industry for 25 years, he still earns low wages, but she says working conditions are improving. >> translator: back then now we
even a maternity leave. we have more benefits and we are respected as workers. >> reporter: the textile industry has flourished also because of the trade agreement, which gives special access to the american market for exports from african countries. but the agreement has to be renewed. if it isn't, thousands could lose their jobs. now, despite a famous lack of sunshine skin cancer rates are rising in the uk especially in people over the age of 65. the cause is the boom in cheap package holidays to sunnier destinations that began more than 40 years ago. cancer research uk says older men are at the greatest risk from what's being described as one of the most preventable cancers. our health correspondent reports. >> reporter: back in the '70s, attitudes to sunbathing were
pretty relaxed. holidays to warmer countries had become more affordable but the risk of skin cancer was not well known. since then rates of the most dangerous kind called malignant melanoma have risen dramatically, particularly for the over 65. sue dean said it came as a terrible shock when she was diagnosed with skin cancer particularly since as a child, she'd tan so easily. but she said it was in the '70s that she became a regular sunbather. >> we laid on the beaches in spain and france and places like that and we just soaked up the sun. and the only -- i think some of the only sun oil was -- it was oil. and it was just to deepen your tan. it was to give you a better tan. >> reporter: figures from the charity cancer research uk showed just how sharply cases of the worst type of skin cancer have risen in the past 40 years. back in the mid-70s, just 600 pensioners were diagnosed with the disease each year compared
to almost 6,000 a year in 2010. men were ten times more likely to be diagnosed with skin cancer than their parents, and women five times more likely. the skin cancer melanoma is one of the most common cancers in the uk and kills more than 2,000 people in britain each year, but it's also one of the most preventable, because the main cause is damage to the skin from ultraviolet rays. sophie hutchinson bbc news. prince harry has begun a month-long succumbment working with the australian defense force. he was greeted by a crowd of several hundred people at the war memorial in cambra and laid a wreath at the tomb of the unknown soldier. >> it was a somber start to prince harry's trip to australia, where he remembered the nation's war dead in cambra. he laid a wreath at the tomb of the unknown soldier. the prince's trip will be briefly interrupted later this month, when he heads to turkey
for commemorations to mark the disastrous allied campaign in 1915. among the victims were thousands of troops from australia and new zealand. it's their sacrifice that has forged the legend. outside, there was an thuz yask welcome for the british royal. australia is a constitutional monarchy and the queen is the head of state. but despite strong republican sentiment in some quarters there remains a great respect for the royal family here. >> he's lovely. very friendly. shook our hands. very excited. very genuine. >> very genuine guy. >> the australian royal family as well as england, so it's very nice to see them coming to australia. >> reporter: this is prince harry's third visit to australia, but it will be no holiday, as he approaches the end of his army career back home. the prince will spend time with
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hello. you're watching bbc world news. the first aid workers should get into yemen today. the red cross says it's been given permission by the saudi-led coalition, which is carrying out air strikes against houthi rebels. kenya's first response from the university attack that killed at least 148. its aircraft bombed two areas in somalia, targeting the militant group, al shabaab. and prince harry l