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tv   Click  BBC News  December 18, 2016 12:30pm-1:01pm GMT

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miserably. there might be enough cloud for a spot of rain eastern counties of england. is this working? this is bbc news. the leader of the rmt, mick cash, has denied his union is using the dispute with southern rail to take on the government. thousands of commuters have been affected by the strike action over who should control train doors. the un security council is to vote today on whether to send observers to the stricken syrian city of aleppo. a ceasefire in the city has recently been reinstated after plans collapsed on friday. civil servants and others that hold public office could be made to swear an oath before taking up their role. the communities secretary sajid javid suggested in a newspaper article that values could include
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democracy, equality and freedom of speech. bbc sports presenter, ore oduba, has been crowned champion of this year's strictly come dancing, as lead judge len goodman leaves the show after 12 years on the programme. and tonight, personalities across the sporting world will be celebrating this year's sports personality of the year, with a record 16 contenders being short listed for the final award. now on bbc news, it's time for click. this week — i, robot. robo chef. and some loud, noisy animals meet the locals. shouting. the design museum in london has moved into a new home,
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and it is suitably stunning. i have come to see fear and love, an exhibition of 11 designers‘ reactions to our increasingly complex world. the most animated star on show has to be an industrial robot arm, which its owner hopes will present a more friendly face to robotics and maybe help us empathise with the economics of the future. it senses where you are and comes bounding over to see you, but if it gets bored it will turn its attention to someone else. it is like an excitable puppy, actually. who knows, installations like this may help to allay our fears of being around giant machines like this. i have to say, it will still be a while before i trust this thing with a scalpel, for example.
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that said, computers are increasingly being used in healthcare around the world. there is plenty of research into how artificial intelligence can help doctors better look after patients. jen copestake has been taking a look at some of the latest developments. around the world, hospitals are facing a backlog of patients, ageing populations and a shortage of specialist staff. some hospitals are teaming up with artificial intelligence research teams to see if there are ways high—tech solutions can supplement or even enhance healthcare in the face of these challenges. singapore has a nursing crisis. its health minister says they will need more than 30,000 new nurses before 2020, and completely rethink the way it cares for its ageing population. so when the ceo of one of its largest private hospital networks approached ibm's watson team, they came up with a pilot
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project to try to help nurses working with the most critically ill patients. this is the intensive care unit at mount elizabeth hospital. it is where four beds are connected to ibm's artificial intelligence nursing system, collecting all the vital signs from the patients in the beds, it gives nurses a more complete picture of who needs the most care. in one of the first trials of its kind in the world, the ai is constantly monitoring output and making connections on a vast range of data, including a commonly used scale, apache ii. higher scores correspond to a higher incidence of death, and it is particularly important in the first 2a hours after admission. this patient has four alarms, so if you don't see anything flashing here, it means it needs monitoring. one of the patients is at the high end of the alert and nurses can quickly access their information in real—time and look at patterns in their vital signs to see if they are at greater risk
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of infections, like sepsis. here in the uk, in the future ai could help photo which is the focus of google‘s deepmind. the royal college of radiologists says 99% of hospitals are struggling to keep up with demand, and the uk has the third lowest numbers of specialists who can interpret scans in europe. seven per 100,000 people. this large amount of data is overwhelming a health service stretched to the limit. if you can use algorithms or machine learning or artificial intelligence to set an alert for you to trigger to say something has happened, you need to go and see this, this is urgent and you need to deal with that, in the next hour or so, when you may have not known about that. so i think it will improve quality of care and actually improve equity across the system. one of the first areas where the nhs is testing artificial intelligence is at moorfields, one of the busiest eye
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hospitals in the world. deepmind is applying the same machinery technology behind its winning alpha go computer programme. it beat the world's best human player by completing tens of thousands of positions per second. we started deepmind to develop general—purpose learning algorithms and use those systems and learning to make the world a better place. it was obvious to us a few years ago that there is a massive opportunity to deliver meaningful and improved benefits to many patients and people across the world using our sorts of techniques to try to improve the way we diagnose and treat patients at risk of all sorts of diseases. the moorfields hospital research is using scans from this 0ct, or optical coherence tomography machine, which gets a 3—dimensional image. it is used to diagnose diseases like macular degeneration and diabetic retinopothy, two leading causes of sight loss. deepmind is trying to develop a algorithm
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to show scans of consent. 0ct scans were chosen because of the high rate of information on the way they can be broken down into pixels showing areas where damage has occurred. i was especially attracted to speaking to deepmind because i thought their algorithms would have the best ability to deal with 3d imaging of an extremely high resolution form, such as with 0ct. this is such a delicate area of the eye that any sort of disruption of the normal architecture has really amazingly severe consequences. i really do believe health care could be moment in its history, where these advances in technology such as artificial intelligence will fundamentally change the way medicine is practised, and have huge benefits for patients. if you think about it, the best humans in the world will have seen only a fraction of the number of cases that we can
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show to an algorithm. so imagine we took all of the cases that many of the top optomologists in the world have seen themselves, and aggregate them all in one place. now the algorithm can sample from all of the case studies that are seen by various humans and deliver a much higher standard, more consistently, when making a diagnosis. all of these projects are still in the research or pilot stage, but it's fascinating to see how artificial intelligence could transform healthca re and perhaps lead to better and faster treatment in the future. hello, and welcome to the week in tech. it was the week that amazon completed its very first drone delivery in cambridge. taking 30 minutes from order to delivery, plus three years if you factor in research and development, the elaborately orchestrated trial involved an amazon product and a bag of popcorn. it was also the week that
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super mario came to the iphone, pokemon go got an upgrade, and a uk surgeon filmed an operation using snapchat spectacles. probably not one for the squeamish. and mere hours after hitting the road in san francisco, uber has been ordered to stop offering passengers self—driving cars. regulators have warned the company requires a state permit or will face legal action. the order comes after footage emerged of a self—driving car apparently running a red light. and, finally, stanford students put teeny goggles on tiny parrots. newsworthy enough, you might think. but this was to protect the birds' eyes as they were trained to fly through laser beams. the new technique has allowed scientists to gain a greater understanding of how birds fly by analysing the movement of particles around their flight paths. it is hoped the work will improve
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flying robots of the future. music. whether you love or loathe cooking, sometimes it would be nice tojust make it a little bit quicker and easier. so i have been testing some of the latest gadgets that aim to come to the rescue. i have called in a bit of help from a friend. this prototype robotic kitchen is making crab bisque today. it learnt these slick moves from a professional chef, whose motions were tracked in the same space, making the same dish, using sensors and cameras. this is actually quite extraordinary to watch, and that is the first drip of mess that i have seen. so it seems to be pretty clean and tidy. the only issue is it doesn't actually do the washing up.
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i am not doing it! and no drinking that. everything needs to be precisely prepared before, although some form of ingredient recognition is claimed to be within its abilities before it goes on sale, which, as you might imagine, will be at quite a cost. a figure of around £100,000 is being thrown around. while moley gets on with things, i will use my devices to make all of this, and there is nobody to do the chopping for me. so i had better get on. first up, the anova sous—vide precision cooker to make some miso salmon. for anyone who doesn't know what this method is, like me a few weeks ago, it involves sealing food in a bag and cooking it in water at a precise temperature for a specific amount of time, so it should end up perfectly and evenly cooked all the way through. this device connects to a smartphone app, where you will find recipes
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and all the instructions you need. once you have prepared the food, and that is the salmon in the bag, quite literally. you pop it in any suitably sized pot with the anova attached and confirm you are ready to go. or with this particular model, which is wi—fi enabled, you can even set it remotely, although you would need to have everything prepared, of course. so that is the main bit of the cooking done. but it does still need searing for one minute in a frying pan. now this needs to cook forjust one minute on each side, so it might need the heat up a little bit. now for the moment of truth. the flavour is great. it definitely feels evenly cooked throughout. i probably miss the fact it is not crispier from the pan. i could have left it in to do that, but i didn't follow the instructions. but the taste is fantastic and the flavour is really good. a smart frying pan could have dealt with that issue. and, funnily enough, thatjust what pantelligent is.
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ok, i thought the idea it was daft to start with. who needs a bluetooth connected frying pan that connects to your mobile to tell you how long to cook things for? i do, it seems, as i perfected some dishes that may otherwise have been compromised. this is great. it even tells you how many degrees lower it needs to be. the pan‘s temperature sensor keeps track of the heat. so you are regularly reminded to turn it up and down. you are also told when to stir and when to add other ingredients. that is really good. i was concerned the potato wouldn't be cooked all the way through but if i had done without this might frying pan, that wouldn't have been cooked. but that was fantastic. spot—on, i would say. back to moley, and the soup, and it seems to be ready. this was the only dish it had on offerfor us today, but eventually it should be able to learn as many recipes
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as it gets taught. wow, a great bit of theatre, but i am very irritated by this mark on the bowl. the only issue is there is nothing to clean it up with. and the soup needs trying. but i don't eat crab, which is an issue. talia? i am giving it a go. 0oh, crab. it's really nice. i'll be a while. that was lara. meanwhile, back here at the design museum in london, some of the most beautiful 3d printing i think i have ever seen. these are one artist's suggestion about how we might revive the ancient culture of making death masks. i wouldn't mind one, because it would make me look like i was in the film alien. next, what would happen if you scaled that technology right up?
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what if you were to let it loose on our homes, our cities and our architecture? the buildings around us don't look the way they do by accident. the design, the shape and the structure are all the result of a heady mix of desires of designers, what we need the buildings to do and the practical limitations of the materials and building techniques we've discovered. this is very much the age of concrete, steel and glass. but with new technology and techniques, what could the next wave of our buildings look like? the building industry is still a 19th century technology. it hasn't really evolved like other disciplines and if you look now at the speed at which cities are growing, but our technology is really lacking behind. industrial—scale 3d printing has
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already been put to use to print full—scale buildings, like this housing project in china. but researchers are now turning to computers to notjust create buildings but to help design them. and the results? well, a little unusual. this is a prototype column that's been 3d printed here at the university college london. we basically used a computer and used algorithms to generate these forms for us. they may look very alien and strange and natural, and strange and natural, but actually they are highly optimised. so these forms attempt to save material and become more efficient, but at the same time they produce a sort of aesthetic that is very appealing to us as architects and it really doesn't look like a normal building any more. normal 3d printing creates objects by building up thousands of thin layers, which you can imagine takes a fair while. the idea here is to save time by printing just what you need, which means rather than printing flat layers, instead
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with shapes, like pyramids. the software they've created can take this a step further by figuring out which bits are structurally essential and9 getting essential and then getting rid of the rest. before computers, we had to build by hand, and now we can create algorithms that make these calculations for us, but that doesn't mean we don't design, we just optimise the process and we can create things that we couldn't ever think of before. 3d printing will allow architecture to be much more detailed, much more fine and also much more efficient. you can do 3d printing in exactly the material that you need in a specific part of the building. you will make it perform much more efficiently. before these new techniques can be put to use, they first need to be proven to be strong and safe. case in point, this bridge project aims to 3d print a useable steel bridge right
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in the centre of amsterdam. created using similar generative algorithms, the project has been held up while the company proves to regulators that the design is structurally sound. the actual bridge now isn't slated to appear until next year. techniques like these certainly promise to spice up our city skylines, but it could still be a while before we see 3d printers on our building sites. that was steve. now, earlier this year we shot an entire programme in 360 degrees. to get these shots, we had to use six gopro cameras strapped together and let me tell you, the postproduction was a nightmare. but, since march, more than a dozen much cheaper consumer—targeted 360 cameras have gone on sale, so we felt we wanted to see if they were any good, so we sent our top team on a mission. go to central africa,
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see if the cams can cope, and above all, keep calm! it almost went to plan. aaargh! we're driving through rwanda. we've come to shoot some of the highlights of this landlocked country in 360, including a beach. we are close to the border with congo at rwanda's very own riviera. i've found my way to the beach and i have to try this first of all. it's insta 360. the insta has two 180 cameras that gets stuck together on the device. it is almost too easy to use and superquick. we actually aren't here to shoot the beach, we are here to capture something quite special.
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meet some of this acrobatic squad who have taken an interest in my new camera. i'm not sure this is a good idea. it stitches the two 180 shots together really well with a few aberrations, or ghosting, near the edges of each lens. there's no post—, so as soon as it is shot you can watch it back or share it from your phone. time to try something different. we are leaving the beach and on our way to the mountains. it is supposed to be a beautiful journey, so we will use this camera from a number of windows around the car to try to capture the beauty of the rwandan countryside. dashboard cameras are typically used to record any accident that might
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happen, but we made use of this super hd wide angle dash cam as a perfect camera, each file has its gps information attached. before we set off, we set up another 360 camera just in case we spotted a filming opportunity. the lg 360 cam is the cheapest of the four we brought with us. two cameras each take a 200 degree shot, two of them, which are then stitched together. we arrived at the volcano mountains, ready for some unexpected guests. unlike the insta360, the lg connects wirelessly to your smartphone so you can leave it in the middle of the action and then sit back and watch. we found the picture wasn't as crisp and colourful as the insta360. the camera is lightweight and the built—in battery didn't last long. but the three microphones offered good surround sound, something you will appreciate more
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if you watch your movies through a vr headset. as the light faded, we decided to prepare the serious kit that we would be using to film our trek high up on the mountain early the next morning. i'd brought the 360 fly, which looks like a golf ball with an eye. that eye is a 4k camera with a 240 degrees superwide lens. that means there is no stitching together of shots and that should mean a smooth and clean picture. we also used the kodak double action camera. the two cameras need to be synchronised, so they are started by a remote—controlled watch so they record at the same time. the image from the two cameras need to be stitched together later with kodak's software, if the stitching works well two 4k cameras should
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deliver winning results. we've been told rwanda was stunning so we decided to trek 3000 metres up to take a look. a fellow adventurer, carl, kindly agreed to be our cameraman, which means we strapped the golf ball to his head and it soon became apparent what the limitation of my single lens camera was. a great, mucky black bit at the bottom of the picture. whilst this usefully blocked out carl, once in the jungle it looked awful. to be fair, it can be cropped out later, leaving a better view that actually 360 horizontally but you can't look down. the superwide angle made everything seem far away. anything close up looked great, but the sound quality was woolly. as we trudged through the undergrowth, we decided it was time to swap over to the kodak. it was then the adventure
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really took off. as the air got thinner, this camera looked like it would capture anything we came across. 0r anything that came across us. by having two super high—def cameras, we weren'tjust able to capture these incredible creatures wherever they went, but we had the resolution to zoom in as well. 0n the downside, the two cameras didn't automatically stitch well together. after fiddling with it using kodak's own software, we decided one shot was running behind the other. after a calculated tweak, we got these much better results. the picture quality was the best of the bunch. the consumer 360 cameras can allow you to capture everything in one go, but finer details still elude even the best of them, meaning it
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will still be a while before you feel like you're right there. that was dan simmons, clearly angling to be the 360 david attenborough. that's it from the design museum in london. next week, it is the click christmas party, so be prepared for well, anything! plus a look back at our best bits of 2016. in the meantime, we live on twitter. @bbcclick. thanks for watching! hello, our spell of weather may be
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fairly quiet at the moment but it doesn't come without its own issues. 0ur doesn't come without its own issues. our greatest concern, as has been the case for much of this weekend, is with fog. some of the patch is likely to linger on through the afternoon and into the forthcoming night. this is the way we set things up. the fog is an issue across the southern counties of both england and wales. further north, while in the way of breeze, just keeping that fog threat at bay. there is not an awful lot of sunshine to be had. a lot of dry weather and it is not overly cold, either, but if you keep order of the fog, then your temperatures may well struggle, you would be closer to three, four, five, rather than seven, would be closer to three, four, five, ratherthan seven, eight, 9 degrees. round about the solway firth and creeping up into the northern part of scotland. the north east of scotland may fare quite nicely, ten or 11 or 12 degrees, something of that order, and the potential for some sunshine breaking through but i would not guarantee those sunny spells in any particular location. 0vernight, fog may well
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thicken up overnight across the midlands, east anglia and the southern counties of both inward and wales, but with the breeze beginning to drop out of the scottish borders, not a particularly corporate. the fog could be a bit more prevalent here that has been the case of late. then we are off and running into monday. watch out for that fog, some of those patches could be really quite dense if you are commuting for the week before christmas. a weather front into the north a little bit more in the way of breeze across this northern area, and late on the day, cloud in some possible counties for the odd spot of rain. not overly cold if you are out and about. and then the pattern is showing signs of wanting to change, as we move to the middle pa rt change, as we move to the middle part of the week, noticed the number of isobars are that chart. the later pa rt of isobars are that chart. the later part on into wednesday, and in that flow we will bring more active weather fronts, which will have the at last of sweeping away some of that fog problem. but you will
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notice that it isn'tjust in the early pa rt notice that it isn'tjust in the early part of the week that we will see that transformation after the relatively dry start into something a little bit wet and windy. by thursday, we will have a new set of weather fronts bringing thursday, we will have a new set of weatherfronts bringing more cloud, wind rain. good afternoon. syrian state television says buses have entered the rebel—held enclave in eastern aleppo to enable the evacuation of thousands of people said to be living in desperate conditions. this follows reports of a deal having been agreed between the rebels and pro—government forces. richard lister reports.
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