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tv   Click  BBC News  December 18, 2016 3:30pm-4:00pm GMT

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we are expecting that fog which has affected the size of the country to start building up again during the course of the night and this could affect the rush hour tomorrow. a bit of rain into scotland as the night goes on. again, falk affecting parts of england and wales. a week weather front bringing a bit of cloud and meaning to northern ireland and scotland. sunshine heart to come by. and quite a change in the weather as the week progresses. it is quiet to start the week, but it is not going to stay that way. potentially quite stormy weather coming up at the weekend. awe
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hello. this is bbc news with anita mcveigh. the headlines at 3.30: the evacuation of civilians from eastern aleppo is hit with another setback as rebel fighters reportedly setback as rebel fighters reportedly set fire to buses trying to get into two villages, in a deal linkedes to the evacuation of east aleppo. the trade secretary, liam fox, said britain could remain a member of the eu customs union, after brexit. the leader of the rmt, mick cash, has denied that his union is using the dispute with southern rail to take on the government. thousands of commuters have been affected by the strike action over who should control train doors. and tonight, personalities across the sporting world will be celebrating this year's sports personality of the year, with a record 16 contenders being short listed for the final award.
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now on bbc news it's time for click. this week — i, robot. robo chef. and some loud, noisy animals meet the locals. shouting the design museum in london has moved into a new home, and it is suitably stunning. i have come to see fear and love, an exhibition of ii designers‘ reactions to our increasingly complex world. the most animated star on show has to be an industrial robot arm, which its owner hopes will present a more friendly face to robotics and maybe help us empathise with the economics of the future. with the meconomics of the future. it senses where you are and comes bounding over to see you, but if it gets bored it will turn its attention
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to someone else. it is like an excitable puppy, actually. who knows, installations like this may help to allay our fears of being around giant machines like this. i have to say, it will still be a while before i trust this thing with a scalpel, for example. that said, computers are increasingly being used in healthcare around the world. there is plenty of research into how artificial intelligence can help doctors better look after patients. jen copestake has been taking a look at some of the latest developments. around the world, hospitals are facing a backlog of patients, ageing populations and a shortage of specialist staff. some hospitals are teaming up with artificial intelligence research teams to see if there are ways high—tech solutions can supplement or even enhance healthcare in the face of these challenges. singapore has a nursing crisis. its health minister says they will need more than 30,000 new nurses before 2020,
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and completely rethink the way it cares for its ageing population. so when the ceo of one of its largest private hospital networks approached ibm's watson team, they came up with a pilot project to try to help nurses working with the most critically ill patients. this is the intensive care unit at mount elizabeth hospital. it is where four beds are connected to ibm's artificial intelligence nursing system, collecting all the vital signs from the patients in the beds, it gives nurses a more complete picture of who needs the most care. in one of the first trials of its kind in the world, the ai is constantly monitoring output and making connections on a vast range of data, including a commonly used scale, apache ii. higher scores correspond to a higher incidence of death, and it is particularly important in the first 2a hours after admission. this patient has four alarms, so if you don't see anything
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flashing here, it means it needs monitoring. one of the patients is at the high end of the alert and nurses can quickly access their information in real—time and look at patterns in their vital signs to see if they are at greater risk of infections, like sepsis. here in the uk, in the future ai could help photo imaging which is the focus of google‘s deepmind. the royal college of radiologists says 99% of hospitals are struggling to keep up with demand, and the uk has the third lowest numbers of specialists who can interpret scans in europe. seven per 100,000 people. this large amount of data is overwhelming a health service that is stretched to the limit. if you can use algorithms or machine learning or artificial intelligence to set an alert for you to trigger to say something has happened, you need to go and see this, this is urgent and you need to deal with that, in the next hour or so, when you may have
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not known about that. so i think it will improve quality of care and actually improve equity across the system. one of the first areas where the nhs is testing artificial intelligence is at moorfields, one of the busiest eye hospitals in the world. deepmind is applying the same machinery technology behind its winning alpha go computer programme. it beat the world's best human player by computing tens of thousands of positions per second. we started deepmind to develop general—purpose learning algorithms and use those systems and learning to make the world a better place. it was obvious to us a few years ago that there is a massive opportunity to deliver meaningful and improved benefits to many patients and people across the world using our sorts of techniques to try to improve the way we diagnose and treat patients at risk of all sorts of diseases. the moorfields hospital research is using scans from this 0ct, or optical coherence tomography machine, which gets
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a 3—dimensional image. it is used to diagnose diseases like macular degeneration and diabetic retinopothy, two leading causes of sight loss. deepmind is trying to develop a algorithm to show scans of consent. 0ct scans were chosen because of the high rate of information on the way they can be broken down into pixels showing areas where damage has occurred. i was especially attracted to speaking to deepmind because i thought their algorithms would have the best ability to deal with 3d imaging of an extremely high resolution form, such as with 0ct. this is such a delicate area of the eye that any sort of disruption of the normal architecture has really amazingly severe visual consequences. i really do believe health care could be at a pivotal moment in its history, where these advances in technology
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such as artificial intelligence will fundamentally change the way medicine is practised, and have huge benefits for patients. if you think about it, the best humans in the world will have seen only a fraction of the number of cases that we can show to an algorithm. so imagine we took all of the cases that many of the top optomologists in the world have seen themselves, and aggregate them all in one place. now the algorithm can sample from all of the case studies that are seen by various humans and deliver a much higher standard, more consistently, when making diagnosis. all of these projects are still in the research or pilot stage, but it's fascinating to see how artificial intelligence could transform healthca re and perhaps lead to better hello, and welcome to the week in tech. it was the week that amazon completed its very first drone delivery in cambridge. taking 30 minutes from order
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to delivery, plus three years if you factor in research and development, the elaborately orchestrated trial involved an amazon product and a bag of popcorn. it was also the week that super mario came to the iphone, pokemon go got an upgrade, and a uk surgeon filmed a hernia repair operation using snapchat spectacles. probably not one for the squeamish. and mere hours after hitting the road in san francisco, uber has been ordered to stop offering passengers self—driving cars. regulators have warned the company requires a state permit or will face legal action. the order comes after footage emerged of a self—driving car apparently running a red light. and, finally, stanford students put teeny goggles on tiny parrots. newsworthy enough, you might think. but this was to protect the birds‘ eyes as they were trained to fly through laser beams.
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the new technique has allowed scientists to gain a greater understanding of how birds fly by analysing the movements of particles around their flight paths. it is hoped the work will improve flying robots of the future. music whether you love or loathe cooking, sometimes it would be nice tojust make it a little bit quicker and easier. so i have been testing some of the latest gadgets that aim to come to the rescue. i have called in a bit of help from a friend. this prototype robotic kitchen is making crab bisque today. it learnt these slick moves from a professional chef, whose motions were tracked in the same space, making the same dish, using sensors and cameras. this is actually quite
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extraordinary to watch, and that is the first drip of mess that i have seen. so it seems to be pretty clean and tidy. the only issue is it doesn't actually do the washing up. i am not doing it! and no drinking that. everything needs to be precisely prepared before, although some form of ingredient recognition is claimed to be within its abilities before it goes on sale, which, as you might imagine, will be at quite a cost. a figure of around £100,000 is being thrown around. while moley gets on with things, i will use my devices to make all of this, and there is nobody to do the chopping for me. so i had better get on. first up, the anova sous—vide precision cooker to make some miso salmon. for anyone who doesn't know what this method is, like me a few weeks ago, it involves sealing food in a bag and cooking it in water at a precise temperature for a specific amount of time, so it should end up perfectly and evenly cooked
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all the way through. this device connects to a smartphone app, where you will find recipes and all the instructions you need. once you have prepared the food, and that is the salmon in the bag, quite literally. you pop it in any suitably sized pot with the anova attached and confirm you are ready to go. or with this particular model, which is wi—fi enabled, you can even set it remotely, although you would need to have everything prepared, of course. so that is the main bit of the cooking done. but it does still need searing for one minute in a frying pan. now this needs to cook forjust one minute on each side, so it might need the heat up a little bit. now for the moment of truth. the flavour is great. it definitely feels evenly cooked throughout. i probably miss the fact it is not crispier from the pan. i could have left it in to do that, but i didn't — ifollow the instructions.
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but the taste is fantastic and the flavour is really good. a smart frying pan could have dealt with that issue. and, funnily enough, thatjust what pantelligent is. ok, i thought the idea it was daft to start with. who needs a bluetooth connected frying pan that connects to your mobile to tell you how long to cook things for? i do, it seems, as i perfected some dishes that may otherwise have been compromised. this is great. it even tells you how many degrees lower it needs to be. the pan‘s temperature sensor keeps track of the heat. so you are regularly reminded to turn it up and down. you are also told when to stir and when to add other ingredients. that is really good. i was concerned the potato wouldn't be cooked all the way through but if i had done without this smart frying pan, that would have been a risk.
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but that was fantastic. spot—on, i would say. back to moley, and the soup, and it seems to be ready. this was the only dish it had on offerfor us today, but eventually it should be able to learn as many recipes as it gets taught. wow, a great bit of theatre, but i am very irritated by this mark on the bowl. the only issue is there is nothing to clean it up with. and the soup needs trying. but i don't eat crab, which is an issue. talia? i am giving it a go. it's really nice. i'll be a while. that was lara. meanwhile, back here at the design museum in london, some of the most beautiful 3d printing i think i have ever seen. these are one artist's suggestion about how we might revive the ancient culture of making death masks.
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i wouldn't mind one, because it would make me look like i was in the film, alien. next, what would happen if you scaled that technology right up? what if you were to let it loose on our homes, our cities and our architecture? the buildings around us don't look the way they do by accident. the design, the shape and the structure are all the result of a heady mix of desires of designers, what we need the buildings to do and the practical limitations of the materials and building techniques we've discovered. this is very much the age of concrete, steel and glass. but with new technology and techniques, what could the next wave of our buildings look like? the building industry is still a 19th century technology. it hasn't really evolved like other disciplines and if you look now at the speed at which cities
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are growing, but our technology is really lacking behind. industrial—scale 3d printing has already been put to use to print full—scale buildings, like this housing project in china. but researchers are now turning to computers to notjust create buildings but to help design them. and the results? well, a little unusual. this is a prototype column that's been 3d printed here at the university college london. we basically used a computer and used algorithms to generate these forms for us. they may look very alien and strange and natural, but actually they are highly optimised. so these forms attempt to save material and become more efficient, but at the same time they produce a sort of aesthetic that is very appealing to us as architects and it really doesn't look like a normal building any more. normal 3d printing creates objects by building up
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thousands of thin layers, which you can imagine takes a fair while. the idea here is to save time by printing just what you need, which means rather than printing flat layers, instead with shapes, like pyramids. the software they've created can take this a step further by figuring out which bits are structurally essential and then getting rid of the rest. before computers, we had to build by hand, and now we can create algorithms that make these calculations for us, but that doesn't mean we don't design, we just optimise the process and we can create things that we couldn't ever think of before. 3d printing will allow architecture to be much more detailed, much more fine and also much more efficient. you can do 3d printing in exactly the material that you need in a specific part of the building. you will make it perform much more efficiently. before these new techniques can be put to use, they first need to be proven to be strong and safe.
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case in point, this bridge project aims to 3d print a useable steel bridge right in the centre of amsterdam. created using similar generative algorithms, the project has been held up while the company proves to regulators that the design is structurally sound. the actual bridge now isn't slated to appear until next year. techniques like these certainly promise to spice up our city skylines, but it could still be a while before we see 3d printers on our building sites. that was steve. now, earlier this year we shot an entire programme in 360 degrees. to get these shots, we had to use six gopro cameras strapped together and let me tell you, the postproduction was a nightmare. but, since march, more than a dozen much cheaper consumer—targeted 360 cameras have gone on sale,
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so we felt we wanted to see if they were any good, so we sent our top team on a mission. go to central africa, see if the cams can cope, and above all, keep calm! it almost went to plan. aaargh! we're driving through rwanda. we've come to shoot some of the highlights of this landlocked country in 360, including a beach. we are close to the border with congo at rwanda's very own riviera. i've found my way to the beach and i have to try this first of all. it's insta 360. together on the device.
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it is almost too easy to use and superquick. we actually aren't here to shoot the beach, we are here to capture something quite special. meet some of this acrobatic squad who have taken an interest in my new camera. i'm not sure this is a good idea. it stitches the two 180 shots together really well with a few aberrations, or ghosting, near the edges of each lens. there's no post, so as soon as it is shot you can watch it back or share it from your phone. time to try something different. we are leaving the beach and on our way to the mountains. it is supposed to be a beautiful journey,
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so we will use this camera from a number of windows around the car to try to capture the beauty of the rwandan countryside. dashboard cameras are typically used to record any accident that might happen, but we made use of this super hd wide angle dash cam as a perfect travel logger. each file has its gps information attached. before we set off, we set up another 360 camera just in case we spotted a filming opportunity. the lg 360 cam is the cheapest of the four we brought with us. two cameras each take a 200 degree shot, two of them, which are then stitched together. we arrived at the volcano mountains, ready for some unexpected guests. unlike the insta360, the lg connects wirelessly to your smartphone so you can leave it right in the middle of the action and then sit back and watch. we found the picture wasn't as crisp
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and colourful as the insta360. the camera is lightweight and the built—in battery didn't last long. but the three microphones offered good surround sound, something you will appreciate more if you watch your movies through a vr headset. as the light faded, we decided to prepare the serious kit that we would be using to film our trek high up on the mountain early the next morning. i'd brought the 360 fly, which looks like a golf ball with an eye. that eye is a 4k camera with a 240 degrees superwide lens. that means there is no stitching together of shots and that should mean a smooth and clean picture. we also used the kodak double action camera. the two cameras need to be synchronised, so they are started by a remote—controlled watch so they record at the same time. the image from the two cameras need
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to be stitched together later with kodak's software, if the stitching works well two 4k cameras should deliver winning results. we've been told rwanda was stunning so we decided to trek 3000 metres up to take a look. a fellow adventurer, carl, kindly agreed to be our cameraman, which meant we strapped the golf ball to his head and it soon became apparent what the limitation of my single lens camera was. a great, mucky black bit at the bottom of the picture. whilst this usefully blocked out carl, once in the jungle it looked awful. to be fair, it can be cropped out later, leaving a better view that is actually 360 horizontally but you can't look down. the superwide angle made everything seem far away. anything close up looked great,
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but the sound quality was woolly. as we trudged through the undergrowth, we decided it was time to swap over to the kodak. it was then the adventure really took off. as the air got thinner, this camera looked like it would capture anything we came across. 0r anything that came across us. by having two super high—def cameras, we weren'tjust able to capture these incredible creatures wherever they went, but we had the resolution to zoom in as well. 0n the downside, the two cameras didn't automatically stitch well together. after fiddling with it using kodak's own software, we decided one shot was running behind the other. after a calculated tweak, we got these much better results.
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the picture quality was the best of the bunch. the consumer 360 cameras can allow you to capture everything in one go, but finer details still elude even the best of them, meaning it will still be a while before you feel like you're right there. that was dan simmons, clearly angling to be the 360 david attenborough. that's it from the design museum in london. next week, it is the click christmas party, so be prepared for well, anything! plus a look back at our best bits of 2016. in the meantime, we live on twitter. @bbcclick. thanks for watching, see you soon. good afternoon. time for your latest
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live weather update from bbc weather. we'll start off by rolling the weather watcher dice and see what we can find. this is from aberdeenshire. this is what some parts of england and wales ark looking at this is neath in south wales. grey, misty, murky and cold—feeling. some fog will thicken again this evening through parts of england and wales, becoming dense in places, it could affect travel in the rush—hour on monday. the weaker system bringing outbreaks of rain to north—western scotland later in the night. mrentedy of cloud around. if you are clear, could you see temperatures dropping to freezing for isolated pockets of fog. monday morning, fog patches in the south—east, south midlands and southern england. again possibly dense in place so, it could have an
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impact on travel. check in with your bbc local radio station in the morning for the latest if there are problems with you. we will see the fog gradually thing and clearing. some brighter spells coming through. but at the same time, through eastern parts of england, the chance of picking up patchy rain as we go through the morning. and this weather front skoming into through the morning. and this weatherfront skoming into northern ireland and scotland, giving outbreaks of rain. more to the western highlands. not very much on that, as it continues to spread its way further south—eastwards as we go through the day. so we have some patchy rain here. we will see a little bit affecting parts of east, south—east england running west through southern england. in between the two, we could see brightness but on the whole sunshine will be hard to come by, during monday atemperatures for the most part are in single figures, so around 5—9. there will be a you have of it frost developing through parts of northern ireland and scotland on monday night. you have some clearer skies coming in here. england and wales staying rather cloudy. patchy and to
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be had here and there. lookser like parts of western england and wales. mostly to see some of that on tuesday. towards the end, a stronger weather system heading in towards scotla nd weather system heading in towards scotland and northern ireland. a sign of things to come through the rest of the week. after a quiet start, look at the isobars close together. the weather fronts coming oui’ together. the weather fronts coming our way. initially we start the week with high pressure, then it is low pressure taking over, so we transition from the quiet weather to something much more active and u nsettled something much more active and unsettled and potentially quite stormy for the christmas weekend. that's something we are watching closely indeed. keep watching for upda.s here is where to go for your latest forecast. —— updates. this is bbc news. i'm annita mcveigh. the headlines at four. in syria, the evacuation of eastern aleppo resumes, but north of the city, buses brought to move supporters of the regime have been burned. trade secretary liam fox says britain could remain
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a member of the eu customs union after brexit. ahead of another strike by southern rail conductors tomorrow, rmt leader mick cash, denies accusations his union is using the dispute to take on the government. and great britain's heroes of rio could be in for more success at tonight's bbc sports personality of the year awards, with the winner chosen by the public. and in half an hour, christian fraser presents a special programme looking at the uk's journey towards brexit. the sports stars are starting to arrive. we
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