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tv   Newsday  BBC News  December 19, 2016 12:00am-12:31am GMT

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i'm karishma vaswani in singapore. the headlines: a philippine senator who's calling for the impeachment of president rodrigo duterte tells us she fears for her life, but won't be silenced. myanmar‘s leader, aung san suu kyi, calls an emergency meeting to discuss the rohingya crisis. i'm kasia madera in london. evacuations of trapped civilians in the syrian city of aleppo resume after three days of delays. and could these ice cores from the antarctic tell us something about the future of the climate on earth? live from london and singapore. this is bbc world news. it's newsday. good morning. it's 8am in singapore
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and the philippines where there's a new twist in the controversy surrounding president rodrigo duterte. a philippine senator, who's calling for the impeachment of president duterte, has told the bbc she fears for her life, but won't be silenced. leila de lima, a former justice minister, said she'd taken on extra security since she began criticising the president's war on drugs. greg dawson reports. it was the promise to rid the philippines of its drug trade that help president to do to powerjust six months ago. but his ruthless crackdown has led to reports of torture, disappearances and even brutal murders. now a senator in the philippines is calling for the president to be kicked out of office after he admitted last week that he had personally killed three suspects while he was a city may. leila de
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lima, a formerjustice minister, is one of the few leading politicians in the country to speak out against the president's anti—drug campaign stop it but she told the bbc she now fears for her life. there are real security threats against me. i of course take extra security measures, i have my own security compliment, but i cannot be a coward into doing and saying what i want to do and say. president rodrigo duterte's landslide election victory earlier this year came after a campaign pledge to kill 100,000 criminals in his first six months in office. critics say he has encouraged police and vigilantes to shoot drug dealers and vigilantes to shoot drug dealers and users on—site. reports say more than 6000 men, women and children have been killed since may. despite his admission to the bbc that he personally killed suspects himself, the president was adamant he was
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still fit for office. given the problems in the country, yes. i have 4 million drug addicts in my country, so that is not a joke. last week the united states deferred a vote on a major aid package for the philippines because of concerns about human rights abuses. but now the criticism is also coming from within the country. leila de lima says she may be fearing for her life but she won't be silenced. greg dawson, bbc news. let's take a look at some of the day's other news. at least ten people, including a canadian tourist and seven policemen, have been killed injordan, after unidentified gunmen carried out a series of attacks in the historic city of karak. they targeted two police patrols in separate attacks, while gunmen also opened fire at the ancient crusader castle in the city. murad shishani is in kurak.
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iam standing i am standing here in karak beside the karak castle where the hostage situation took place. this is where it took place today and here we are, the last point where police and the army allowed us to go in where the attackers attacked. so far we know attackers attacked. so far we know at least seven were killed, including a canadian tourist. now i'm standing in karak, the situation here is very fluid and tense but the police aren't allowing anyone to go up police aren't allowing anyone to go up to that point where it would take you to the castle itself, where, as isaid, the you to the castle itself, where, as i said, the hostage situation took place. this is one of the most influential cities in jordan, it place. this is one of the most influential cities injordan, it is linked to the regime. there were many prime ministers who came out from this town, this city. this is really something significant to happen to the locals here because
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they were telling me that it was really very tense and they can easily hear the shotguns a few hours ago. but the situation is still fluid here. murad shishani there, reporting from karak. also making news today: all 13 people on board an indonesian air force plane have been killed after it crashed into a mountain in the indonesian province of papua. the hercules c—130 lost contact with air traffic controllers shortly before it was due to land following a training exercise. bad weather is suspected to be the cause of the accident. donald trump's incoming chief of staff has played down the prospect of a change to the united states 0ne—china policy. the us has formal ties with china rather than the island of taiwan, which china sees as a breakaway province. the president elect sparked a diplomatic protest from beijing after he took a congratulatory phone call from the president of taiwan. but reince priebus says revisiting the policy is not on the table right now. residents of a jewish outpost
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in the occupied west bank have agreed to evacuate the area after meeting the israeli prime minister. the community of amona voted to accept the government's relocation proposaljust one week before they were due to be forcibly evicted. opponents of the polish government have been staging a third day of protests in the capital, warsaw, over government plans to restrictjournalists' access to parliament. demonstrators gathered outside the constitutional court, while opposition mps continued their sit—in inside the parliament building. in sport, real madrid has won football's club world cup for the second time in three years. the club survived a scare to beat japanese side kashima antlers 11—2 in extra—time. they were helped by a star performance from cristiano ronaldo who scored a hat—rick. and heavy fog continues to envelop cities in northern china. authorities in hebei province issued an orange alert,
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with some areas suffering visibility of less than 200 metres. pollution in the capital, beijing, has reached ten times the level considered safe by the world health organization. the leader of myanmar, aung san suu kyi, has called an emergency meeting of regional foreign ministers on monday to discuss the rohingya crisis. it comes just three days after the un condemned her government for its treatment of the minority muslim population. in the bangladeshi capital, dhaka, police stopped thousands of demonstrators from marching to the border with myanmar to protest against the persecution of the rohingya. there have also been ongoing protests in indonesia, malaysia and thailand. human rights groups want a full resolution of the crisis. ultimately these governments need to
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press burma to allow the rohingya to stay, to have citizenship and be accepted as full participants in the burmese state. 0therwise we're going to continue to have these occasional pilgrims against the rohingya being forced to flee to bangladesh and into boats and continue to be a regional problem. 0ur correspondentjonah fisher in is yangon. jonah, what is expected to come out of this meeting today? the first point to make it as it is a very rare for asean, this collective group of south—eastern asian countries to meet, to discuss what is widely seen as an intern internal issue, a burmese problem and a problem local to myanmar but the fa ct problem local to myanmar but the fact it's happening is the sign of a
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regional pressure for aung san suu kyi, especially in malaysia, nasri razak talked of genocide in raqqa rhine state a couple of weeks ago and also from indonesia, which is a muslim country. aung san suu kyi has been pressured into doing this, she didn't want to do it. what will come out of it? my thinking will be not very much. the factory is holding the meeting is a gesture on her part she is taking their concerns seriously. it is a closed—door meeting —— word factory is. we are expecting little to be visible from the outside and not very much to be seenin the outside and not very much to be seen in terms of press access. —— the fact she is. we have seen the international community piling on pressure on aung san suu kyi, she was once one of the world's most celebrated icons, has the international community lost patience with her? they've lost patience with her? they've lost patience with her on one thing in
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particular, which as been humanitarian access to northern raqqa rhine state. 150,000 people we re raqqa rhine state. 150,000 people were receiving aid here before this crisis flared up in early october. at the moment it's about 20,000 people being reached. what is frustrating diplomats and un workers is whenever they meet aung san suu kyi or her officials they are promised this access will come soon and things will be opened up to aid workers and then it doesn't translate into anything on the ground. there is this frustration that we saw in un statements last week, strong ones from diplomats and human rights chiefs, they feel they've invested a lot in aung san suu kyi and they are trying to back her but she's not delivering on what she is talking to them about behind closed doors. it seems that way. amnesty have a report out today alleging more abuses on the ground,
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any signs of being stabilising in the normal rakhine state? to a certain extent, yes. even in this latest report from amnesty international, which is looking again atarmy international, which is looking again at army atrocities in northern rakhine state, it has to be pointed out that most of them were about a month ago and there's a sense that things have stabilised to a certain extent, we haven't had the same number of reports of burnings and although we are hearing some isolated cases of bad things happening, it's not on the scale that it was a month or so ago so i think miss aung san suu kyi in particular will be hoping things have calmed down a little. particular will be hoping things have calmed down a littlem particular will be hoping things have calmed down a little. if we go down to the fact that nothing is expected to come out of this meeting, where do we go from here, do we stop hearing from asean partners like indonesia and malaysia about this problem? it very much depends on what happens on the ground. we had an intelligence
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report from the international crisis group last week which suggested this armed militant group in rakhine state which triggered all of this round of violence is quite a sophisticated group and that they're likely to commit more attacks, if we do see more attacks by militants there will no doubt be a response from the burmese military. but as i said, the burmese government is hoping this will fizzle out and drift away. i think what many people fear is this an group having emerged, and it appears to have links internationally, there will be more attacks coming and that could lead to further attacks which catch out the local rohingya population in the violence. thank you very much, jonah. jonah fisher in yangon. after several days of negotiations and delays, it appears the evacuation of people in rebel—held areas of aleppo in syria has resumed. five buses carrying rebels and civilians have arrived
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at a crossing point in western aleppo. it follows a halt to the process on friday. thousands more people remain. in new york, the un security council has met to discuss a monitoring mission for the evacuation, and there are reports that a compromise on that has been reached. gary 0'donoghue in washington has this update on the diplomatic situation. we're getting some reports from inside syria from some un sources there that the evacuation of the buses, the ambulances from the eastern side of the city is starting to get going again. of course it was halted because the problem was some of those buses in the western part of those buses in the western part of aleppo, to the west of aleppo, in shia villages surrounded by rebel forces, there were reports they were being burnt and that led the regime,
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the assad regime, to hold the evacuation from eastern aleppo. but that seems to be, if these reports are correct, to be moving on. what we're also getting some movement on is the situation in new york at the united nations. diplomats there have spent much of sunday haggling over a new resolution in terms of sending in un observers to check those evacuations, to oversee those evacuations, to oversee those evacuations, and also to get humanitarian aid in as well. it looked like that effort was going to fail, it looked like russia was going to veto a french resolution, a french proposed resolution. they now seem to have hammered out a compromise and we're expecting first thing monday morning in new york a vote, and certainly the us ambassador to the un, samantha power, thinks it will be unanimous. that will put un observers on the ground, but it will also require the
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secretary general of the un to seek permission and to consult with all the players on the ground, including the players on the ground, including the syrian government. and that was a key stumbling block for the russians in particular. they seem to have overcome that now and if they can do it quick enough, because time is of the essence given the humanitarian position there, and given how cold it is in aleppo at the moment, there's very little shelter, if they can do that quick enough they'll be hoping that can alleviate what is turning into an absolute disaster in that part of the city. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme: pan—asian research into how to tackle one of the deadliest type of cancer. also on the programme: why these uninhabitable landscapes in antarctica hold a clue to earth's future. saddam hussein is finished because
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he killed our people. our women. our chern. took only a few minutes but they brought a formal end to three and a half years of conflict. conflict which has claimed more than 200,000 lives. before an audience of world leader, the presidents of bols any a, serbia and croatia —— bosnia and serbia and croatia put their names to the peace agreement. romania was cut off from the outside world in order to help the massacre there. from sex at the white house, the lewinsky affair guaranteed him his place in history as only the second us president ever to be impeached.
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this is newsday on the bbc. i'm in singapore. i'm in london. our top stories. a philippine senator who's calling for the impeachment of president rodrigo duterte tells us she fears for her life, but won't be silenced. myanmar‘s leader, aung san suu kyi, has called an emergency meeting to discuss the rohingya crisis. ceremonies have taken taken place in the nepalese capital kathmandu to mark the death of the last king of the isolated himalayan region of upper mustang. king bista, who reigned the buddhist kingdom for more than half a century, died on friday aged 86. let's take a look at some front pages from around the world the china daily focuses on the controversy over the discovery of a us drone in the south china sea. the newspaper attacks what it
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describes as president—elect donald trump's inexperience in diplomacy in his reaction to the incident. the south china morning post also leads with the drama over the drone. it says that beijing is expected to demand that the united states scales down its surveillance in the south china as china agrees to hand back the seized underwater drone. and the philippine daily inquirer has a story on the health of the nation's president, rodrigo duterte. one of the country's leading politicians says mr duterte should end speculation about his well—being following his admission he used the powerful painkiller fentanil. now, karishma, there's a lot of excitement on line about a certain film! the force is certainly with them — rogue one the latest in the star wars movie franchise has had the second biggest december in history.
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globally, the film has earned $290 million after touching down in nearly every majorforeign market apart from china and south korea. devoted fans, including these ones, can expect even more star wars spin—offs in the future. this could be from a film set! ancient ice deep beneath antarctica could help forecast the earth's future climate. a team of glaciologists are searching for the oldest ice on the planet to analyse its record of the make—up and temperature of the earth's atmosphere over hundreds of thousands of years. dr mark curran explains more. ice might seem like a very simple, uninteresting substance. however, ice can hold information on the history of the climate of our earth. i'm dr mark curran, a gaysologist who studies ice —— glaciologests who
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studies ice cores. if you imagine you're on the surface of the antarctic ice sheet, it's you're on the surface of the antarctic ice sheet, its white as far as the eye can see and it starts to snow. this snow contains information from our atmosphere and in antarctica, the snow simply builds up through time in layers and it never belts. so we can then go and drill that ice to see all of that climate information from the past. you recover 2—3 metres of ice core on each run and bring it to the surface and then send the drill down again for the next 2—3 metres. when theice again for the next 2—3 metres. when the ice cores are brought to the surface, the ice core itself is sectioned into pieces. we measure chemicals in the ice itself and we measure chemicals in the air that's trapped athe snow flakes. we record a number of climate parameters,
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temperature, carbon dioxide, solar activity and volcanic activity, because understanding how the climate behaves naturally in the pastis climate behaves naturally in the past is the key to modelling our future. working in these environments can be pretty extreme. after all, antarctica is the harshest place on earth. but in the end, it is worth it for what we find out of the core. we'll gain an understanding of why the earth's ice age understanding of why the earth's ice a g e cycles understanding of why the earth's ice age cycles have changed — something that we currently don't know. and the work will help us to predict the earth's climate into the future. i find it incredible that a small piece of ice can tell us so much information about the biggest questions we have about the earth's future. cancer is singapore's biggest killer, accounting for three out of every ten deaths. sarcoma is a rare but aggressive tumour affecting all parts of the body. now for the first time a study here in asia has looked at a particularly rare
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type of the disease. sarcoma is a cancer of the soft tissue such as fat cells, muscle cells, bones and blood vessels. angiosarcoma is a cancer of the blood vessel and circulatory system. it is very rare and prognosis is poor, p generally survival is less that one year for those with advanced disease. a short time ago i spoke to the principal investigator of the study, professor richard quek from the national cancer centre singapore. about a year ago, the investigators in asia were looking into sarcoma research, and in this, we found that angiosarcoma represented a higher proportion of patients than we had anticipated. in our study where there was 7%, compared to 3% or 4% in the western population and that got us a bit interested in this subject and we wanted to develop deeper into the cancer cell top. so to that end, we brought together
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investigators across agency and pooled together the information that we have to look at the rare disease. so far, the data that we have out there tends to be of smaller groups of patients, smaller subsets where definite conclusions could be drawn. what does the research then tell us about the cases of sarcoma in asia? why are there so much more here than in other parts of the world, as you've just been saying? clearly that's an area of interest for us to investigate. it is, indeed a higher incidents. what we found was a higher proportion of sarcoma, particularly in angiosarcomas. so to that answer, we're uncertain and certainly more research needs to be donein certainly more research needs to be done in that area to look at factors that may account for it. in terms of angiosarcomas, what did you find in terms of how they translate into some of the common cancers we know about? what can you tell us about that? in our study, we had 423 patients and that makes it the largest internationally. and that
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was the first in asia. we p found two very interesting findingsment number one is that chemotherapy —— two very interesting findings. number one is that chemotherapy did help patients. but interestingly, only half of the patients received chemotherapy and led us to think — why is that the case? what happened to the other half? and that would be the subject of the next research interest to find out what exactly is happening on the ground across asia. the second point that we found was that in patients with seemingly localised disease, we tended to do surgery. but in those patient, only 70% of patients could achieve negative margins and in about a third, the disease was still left behind and this impacted on survival outcomes immediately. and going by that rationale, it is important, therefore, to provide some form of treatment to downside the control of the disease before surgery with the hope that we can remove the tumours clea nly hope that we can remove the tumours cleanly and improve on clinical
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outcomes. briefly, what do you plan to do with the research now that you haveit? to do with the research now that you have it? the first of which is that investigators would need to go back and look into why the use of chemotherapy is much less than we anticipated. and secondly, we may need to rethink our strategy to see whether we should offer patients some form of pre—operatve treatment to improve clinical outcomes. you've p to improve clinical outcomes. you've p been watching newsday. and before we go, he's already world number one and now andy murray has another trophy in his cabinet. the tennis star is now bbc sports personality of the year. it's a prize for the uk's top athlete of the past twelve months. he's the first person to win the award three times. doesn't he look pleased. that's all for now — stay with bbc world news. a huge week of pre—christmas travel
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plans and with different weather challenges either end of the week. now, what we'll see later in the week is governed by what's happening in us and canada at the moment. a big freeze at the moment. much of the continent starts below freezing but the temperature contrasts in the south—east. it fires up a jet stream that will charge towards us this week bringing ever deeper areas of low pressure later on. that will give us a challenge later in the week. the challenge again this morning is contesting with the fog. having an impact on some of the roads and airports. probably worst in parts of western england and wales this morning. dense patches of fog in places across the south—west. pretty grey and dismal start for many. maybe not quite as foggy, east anglia and the south—east it has beenin anglia and the south—east it has been in recent days which could be good news in the airport. some of higher ground will see some fog and we will see some fog in the higher ground of northern england. the fog not as much of an issue in scotland and northern ireland. maybe even
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north—east england but here the sunshine will start the way and western scotland cloud. patch and drizzle affecting northern ireland. not a huge amount of wet weather. we will finish the day with some brightness. elsewhere, remains cloudy and misty in some western areas and later on in eastern england, patches of light rain or drizzle. temperatures to finish monday, should be for the time of the year but feeling cool where the mist lingers. heavy rain developing in the south in monday night. patchy rain in england and wales. misty over the hills. but clear england and wales skies. scotland and northern ireland, and here, coldest night of the week with frost in places and for northern ireland, could be a foggy start to tuesday morning. still fog an issue for one or two of you for tuesday. probably worse in northern ireland and in the hills andier bursts in the south. through central and eastern england, brighter afternoons in store than we've been used to. at last, the arrival of some sunshine. sunshine
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for eastern parts of scotland, but in the west, we start to see some rain. a cooler day by and large, but let's focus on the rain. western scotla nd let's focus on the rain. western scotland and northern ireland. not just rain but strong winds. the strong winds are back. gale force across many areas into tuesday evening's rush hour. severe gales, if not storm force, across the north thanks to this weather front bringing rain across the country and increasing winds through the night and into wednesday. and that links into weather systems waiting in the wings being fired up by thejet strea m wings being fired up by thejet stream i mentioned. so it is that big challenge to start the week. fog could be an issue. strong winds and rain later on. we'll keep you updated and take you through it each day step—by—step. i'm kasia madera with bbc world news. our top story: a philippine senator is calling for the impeachment of president rodrigo duterte. leila de lima says she fears for her life but says she will not be silenced. the evacuation of people trapped in the rebel—held east of the syrian city of aleppo has resumed.
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reports say about 350 people on board have been able to leave. and this story is trending on bbc.com. ceremonies have taken taken place in the nepalese capital kathmandu to mark the death of the last king of the isolated himalayan region of upper mustang. king bista died on friday aged 86. that's all from me now. stay with bbc world news. the hungarian—born actress and socialite zsa zsa gabor has died. her age was a closely guarded secret but she was thought to have been 99.
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