tv BBC News at Ten BBC News December 22, 2016 10:00pm-10:31pm GMT
tonight at ten: donald trump says america must greatly expand and strengthen its nuclear weapons capability. in yet another message on social media, the president—elect says expansion is needed until the world comes to its senses regarding nuclear weapons. the trump team says he was warning about the dangers of terrorist organizations and unstable regimes getting access to nuclear weapons. and earlier today, president putin was talking about russia's need to expand its nuclear capability. also tonight: new images of the main suspect in the berlin attack. his fingerprints have been found inside the lorry driven into the christmas market. the owner and mechanic of this lorry — with faulty brakes — are both jailed for manslaughter, after four people were killed in a crash in bath last year. . you and i have sign the rise of many populist groups across the
world. the prince of wales warns of the growing danger comparing it to the dark days of the 1930s. and we meet the seven—year—old syrian girl who longs to return to herformer life, in the city of aleppo. and coming up on sportsday on bbc news: alan pardew is sacked, with sam allardyce primed to take over at selhurst park. good evening. donald trump, who'll be sworn in as us president in a months time, has called for america's nuclear weapons capability to be "greatly strengthened and expanded". he made the call in another of his messages on social media.
mr trump warned that expansion would be needed until the world "came to its senses" regarding nuclear weapons. his advisers said he was warning about the dangers of terrorist organizations and unstable regimes getting hold of nuclear weapons. our defence correspondent, jonathan beale, has more details. america and russia still hold more than 90% of the world's nuclear stock piles. both able to deliver destruction on a massive scale, by ground, sea orair. fora destruction on a massive scale, by ground, sea or air. for a quarter of a century, they have been reducing their nuclear arsenal but the question now — is the arms' race about to resume? tonight, president—elect, donald trump, tweeted, "the united states must greatly strengthen and expand its nuclear capability, until such time as the world somes to its senses regarding nukes. it's. " as the world somes to its senses
regarding nukes. it's." it's caught many by surprise, including the obama administration.” many by surprise, including the obama administration. i can't speak for what the president—elect‘s nuclear views or his policy going forward , nuclear views or his policy going forward, that's for him and his team to speak to. what i can speak to is the approach that this administration has taken to try to get us on a path to a world without nuclear weapons. president putin, too, has been ramping up the nuclear rhetoric. today, addressing his military commanders, he talked of the need to strengthen russia's strategic nuclear forces. translation: we can say with certainty that we are stronger now than any potential aggressor. anyone. both united states and russia have made large cuts to their nuclear arsenals since the height of the cold war but they still have many weapons. the us have stock piles of several thousand war heads of which 1900 are deployed already
to use. russia hasjust of which 1900 are deployed already to use. russia has just over of which 1900 are deployed already to use. russia hasjust over 7,000, with just to use. russia hasjust over 7,000, withjust under 1800 to use. russia hasjust over 7,000, with just under 1800 deployable. while the uk has 250 war heads, of which 120 are available to use and could be fired from its vanguard submarines. both america and russia are already modernising their nuclear weapons' systems at significant cost. what is not clear 110w significant cost. what is not clear now is whether donald trump now wa nts to now is whether donald trump now wants to go much further. tensions have been rising with russia. these us troops on exercise in the balance particulars are response to its intervention in ukraine. russia's military campaign in syria has deepened the rift. but donald trump has signalled he wants to improve relations with moscow. so, his comments might be more directed at north korea, whose unpredictable leader boasts of now being a new clear power, or leader boasts of now being a new clear power, 01’ even leader boasts of now being a new clear power, or even iran. donald trump threatened to rip up a deal over its nuclear programme — still
suspicious of iran's intentions. what donald trump did with that tweet, was, we start the nuclear arms race, it is notjust strengthen oui’ arms race, it is notjust strengthen our nuclear arsenal. it is expand t we have arms controls that limit, set caps on the weapons we deploy. he pays no heed to that, seems to wa nt to he pays no heed to that, seems to want to bust through the cap. with nuclear weapons, words matter. 0nce againa nuclear weapons, words matter. 0nce again a donald trump tweet has surprised and raised plenty of questions. jonathan beale, bbc news. 0ur correspondent, laura bicker, is at the white house. to what extent are people in ashington taking this message the face value, they expect president trump to move to expand the nuclear arsenal that america has. —— people in washington? well, it is difficult to say, because in 140 characters or less, it is difficult to decipher donald trump's policy on nuclear weapons. so, it was up to his team
to try to do it for us. in a statement they said that "president—elect was referring to the threat of nuclear proliferation and the critical need to prevent it, particularly to and among terror organisations and unstable and rogue regimes." who could he be aiming at? was it simply posturing and aiming at vladimir putin or was he referring to the so—called islamic getting his hands on nuclear weapons, which, by the way, in an interview he said would he not rule out using weapons of mass destruction against the islamic state and when it came to other organisations, he said he wanted to be unpredictable. but what can donald trump do? there is a $1 trialian package under way to revamp ageing nuclear programmes here in the united states. if he wanted to add to that, that would be very costly. in truth here, there is only one man who really knows what he meant and that is donald trump himself. and in 29 day, he will have
his hands on the nuclear code. many thanks, laura at the white house tonight. # german police say there's clear evidence linking their main suspect, a tunisian man, anis amri, to the attack on a christmas market in berlin. his fingerprints have been found in the lorry that was driven into shoppers on monday, killing 12 people. speaking at the family home in tunisia, amri's brother called on him to give himself up. chancellor merkel said today she was proud of the calm way in which germans had responded to the attack, as our europe correspondent, damian grammaticas, reports. it's new footage that's just emerged. the scene immediately after monday's attack, filmed from a dashboard mounted camera. a few seconds earlier, this is what happened, we've slowed the footage. from the left comes the lorry at speed, heading straight for the christmas market. this is anis amri, the man police say was driving it, filming himself humming nonchala ntly in berlin. the video posted to his
facebook page in september. now the 24—year—old tunisian is europe's most—wanted man. police first found his id documents in the cab of the lorry, now tests have shown his fingerprints on the door and the bodywork, the conclusion that he was at the wheel. angela merkel, this afternoon, thanked germans for their measured reaction to the attack. translation: our thoughts are constantly with the victims' relatives and with the injured. we owe it to them to give this our very best. i can say we've done a lot in recent years to meet the challenge of terrorism. police raids in germany, earlier today, targeted anis amri's known contacts, turning up nothing. his family, back in tunisia, last saw him five years ago. they say he wasn't religious, drank alcohol, and dreamed of owning a car, starting a business. translation: if my brother is listening to me, i want to tell him to surrender,
for the sake of our family. we'll be relieved. if he did what he's suspected of having done, he'll be sanctioned and it will be a dishonour for us. but i'm sure that my brother is innocent. anis amri left his family travelling, illegally, to italy in 2011. he spent four years in jail for violence and theft but without a passport, he couldn't be deported to tunisia. so, last year, he moved to kleve in germany. denied asylum, once again he wasn't deported. security services feared he was trying to get automatic weapons for an attack but with no new evidence, surveillance of him was halted in september. so, there are serious questions. should the authorities have taken the threat posed by anis amri more seriously? but for most germans, as the markets re—open here with new security barriers, criticisms of the police are less important, than how they respond. so, getting breitscheidplatz up and running today was symbolic for berlin. we have to respond to the terrorists that we don't care, we are going to open,
we are not scared because it's exactly what they want. the crowds were thinner than usual, but wanted to show they wouldn't be cowed. "i've come to show we must not hide", says rosemary. "i'm very sad. i was here on monday, luckily i left before it happened." "i feel anger and sadness, more anger", says annika, "i didn't know any of the victims but it makes me really angry." not so much fear but defiance, then. berliners determined to show they won't give up the things they value and enjoy. live to berlin tonight and damian is there. tell us more in the progress in this investigation that has been reported today. well, huw, this is an important step forward, i think, the fingerprint evidence that now means that police think anis amri
was driving that truck. the question is- was driving that truck. the question is — where did he go after the attack here? late this evening some newspapers here have published grainy photos taken in the hours after the attack, outside a mosque in berlin, showing a man loitering ina in berlin, showing a man loitering in a doorway. they say that maybe, anis amri. we can't be sure. we know police raided that mosque today and found nothing but there are serious questions to answer about why they haven't been able to track him down. are there people helping him? and why, before the attacks, were the security services warnings not heeded and why was he not deported? but for now it is worth remembering that the germans are putting that criticism to one side. this is the first mass casualty terror attack in germany. they are shocked but willing to, i think, react with some patience. the question, though, remains — where is anis amri, where has he gone? and tonight, remains
armed, dangerous and still on the run. thank you very much, damian. the owner of a haulage company and his mechanic have both been convicted of manslaughter, after a truck with faulty brakes crashed in bath last year, killing three men and a four—year—old girl. matthew gordon and peter wood will be sentenced next month. the vehicle's driver, phillip potter, was cleared of all charges. 0ur correspondent, jon kay, has been following the trial at bristol crown court. police said it was carnage. a 32—tonne truck with defective brakes had careered down a steep hill towards the centre of bath. four—year—old mitzi steady didn't stand a chance. businessmen, robert parker and philip alan were also hit, killed with their driver, stephen vaughn, who was just married. it's just been horrendous time. sian vaughn told me that being widowed, so soon after her wedding day, had left her heart broken.
we were only married for six months. and especially having to spend your first wedding anniversary alone was just so far removed from the one that we had planned. it's just been absolutely horrendous. today the boss of grittenham haulage, matthew gordon, and mechanic, peter wood, were both found guilty of manslaughter. the trial heard the company was a shambles, failing to carry out proper safety checks. the jury was told that as the tipper truck came down the hill that afternoon, its brakes were badly worn, rusty, and in a poor state of repair. philip potter, who was at the wheel of the truck, was found not guilty of causing death by dangerous or careless driving. they are constantly in my thoughts. he left court sending his thoughts to the bereaved families. he told the jury he hadn't realised the truck was in such a poor state until the brakes failed, and he said his boss had told him to ignore a warning light on the dashboard.
this one is for mitzi. when it's blooming it comes out pink. before the trial, he told bbc news he'd planted tree on the family farm, in memory of the victims. it is like you press replay in your head every night, you go to close your eyes and you just see it. and you think — there was nothing else i could have done that day to have prevented it. just thinking of those four people, all the time, just thinking how horrible it must be for the families and just how hard it would be to lose someone that you love so much. philip potter told the trial that as he sat here that afternoon, trying to take in what had just happened, his boss, matthew gordon, "don't tell the police about the brake warning light." this was very much preventible. it's denied us a family.
sian vaughn says she's been horrified to hear in court about the state of the truck, especially as her chauffeur husband took safety to seriously. the words he would have used to describe them would have been "cowboys" because there is no way that steve would have ever put anybody‘s life in danger, let alone his own. the families hope matthew gordon's conviction will send a clear message to the owners of all haulage companies. he and peter wood were remanded in custody, to be sentenced in the new year. the queen and the duke of edinburgh have arrived at sandringham for christmas — a day later than planned because they're both suffering from heavy colds. a helicopter arrived at buckingham palace to take them to norfolk around lunchtime today. the palace confirmed their departure but wouldn't make any further comment on their health. the prince of wales has warned of the dangers of religious persecution and intolerance and he's likened the current threat to religions and religious groups around the world to the situation in the 1930s.
prince charles said religious freedom was particularly at risk in the middle east, as our royal correspondent, nicholas witchell, reports. religious persecution is as old as faith itself. a coptic church blown up in cairo. christians in iraq and syria kidnapped or driven from their countries. attacks on yazidis and jews and others. tolerance and freedom of worship are important to the prince of wales. he recently attended the consecration of a new syriac 0rthodox church in west london. he is troubled by the growing evidence of intolerance. normally at christmas we think of the birth... in a broadcast for bbc radio's thought for the day, charles likened the persecution of religious minorities and refugees to what happened to thejews in nazi germany. we are now seeing the rise of many populist groups across the world who are increasingly aggressive towards those who adhere
to a minority faith. all of this has deeply disturbing echoes of the dark days of the 1930s. i was born in 1948, just after the end of world war ii, in which my parents' generation had fought and died in a battle against intolerance, monstrous extremism and an inhuman attempt to exterminate the jewish population of europe. that, nearly 70 years later, we should still be seeing such evil persecution is, to me, beyond all belief. he ended his broadcast with a plea for tolerance. whichever religious path we follow, the destination is the same. to value and respect the other person, accepting their right to live out their peaceful response to the love of god. the prince's intervention has been applauded. i think it was bold, strong, timely and necessary. here is a man who will one day be
defender of the faith in britain, who has always said he wants to be defender of faith itself. and he is protesting the rise of religiously motivated violence throughout the world. it was strong and courageous and deeply humanitarian. in due course, when he is king and supreme governor of the church of england, charles knows that his freedom to speak out will be constrained. but for now, and on subjects such as this, he feels he has a duty to try to make his voice heard. nicholas witchel, bbc news, at clarence house. the syrian army says it's in control of all of aleppo, the biggest military victory for president assad in almost six years of war. the last convoy of civilians and rebel fighters was escorted out this evening. one of those brought out in the past few days was seven—year—old ba na alabed, whose messages on social media covered everything
from the death of friends, to her family's attempts to lead a normal life. 0ur correspondent, 0rla guerin, has been to meet bana and her mother. hello, i am bana, i'm seven years old, i am from aleppo. from the rubble of aleppo to the red carpet in ankara, bana alabed and herfamily are now being hosted by the turkish government, which opposes the syrian regime. when we met, this child of war told me how her own home was flattened by a bomb. translation: we were playing happily and planning to go out and suddenly it landed. so, we got scared and ran to the basement. when our house was bombed, we got out of the rubble safely, but we were about to die because the house was collapsing. her updates from inside aleppo
echoed around the world, with help from her mother, who manages her twitter account. but some have questioned whose views were being shared. when your mum was tweeting, was she tweeting your words or tweeting her words? me and mum. together? yes. her mother, fatima, insists the twitter account was bana's idea, but admits it is a way to combat the regime. i think there now was a big fight out there. i think our twitter was a weapon. your twitter was a weapon? yes. but the tweets attracted threats and made it harderfor the family to join the mass evacuation of eastern aleppo. fatima got bana on to one of the buses, disguised as a boy.
today, the last opposition fighters retreated from their former stronghold, and by the evening the syrian army was in control of the entire city for the first time in more than four and a half years. just days after escaping all this, bana dreams of returning. translation: i was happy to leave but sad at the same time. i wish i could go back to aleppo, go back home. i want to live in my house, because i love it, even if it had been bombed. i love my house. we shall overcome some day. before saying goodbye, bana sang us a song about childhood and stolen freedoms. # i am a child with something to say...# 0ne voice, raised for countless others, who often go unheard.
0rla guerin, bbc news, ankara. the funeral of the russian ambassador to turkey, who was shot dead three days ago in ankara, has been held in moscow. andrei karlov was murdered by an off—duty policeman while giving a speech in the turkish capital. president putin was among the mourners at a special ceremony, before the burial with full military honours. here, the planned strikes by british airways cabin crew on christmas day and boxing day have been suspended. members of the unite union were due to walk out as part of their dispute over pay. but talks have led to a revised offer, which will now be put to a ballot. more than 60 prisoners have taken control of a wing at hmp swaleside, on the isle of sheppey in kent. the prison officers' association says fires have been lit,
but say the situation is isolated to one landing. it comes less then a week after a riot at hmp birmingham, which took 12 hours to bring under control. 0ur reporter peter whittlesea is on the isle of sheppey tonight. peter, bring us up to date. well, it is unclear exactly what the latest situation is but according to the prison service it is now isolated to a landing on one wing. but the inmates are refusing to go back into their cells. images of this riot are emerging and one person purporting to be an inmate phoned the bbc, saying the prison is in lockdown. he separate was triggered after prison staff raided cells and confiscated property. earlier, iwent staff raided cells and confiscated property. earlier, i went down to the prison, three quarters of a mile down this road. from outside, i could clearly hear in makes shouting
and screaming from inside the prison. and outside also there were fire crews and ambulance crews on stand—by, and also extra staff were being drafted in. in the last half—hour we have seen riot vans going towards the prison. thank you for the update. china has warned that relations with the united states could suffer "complications" once donald trump is installed as us president. during the recent election campaign, mr trump made a series of controversial remarks about the impact of chinese imports on american industry and jobs. he's now chosen an economist who's been highly critical of china to lead a new trade council. kamal ahmed explores the prospects for america's relations with china. i graduated with my bachelor's, and i haven't been able to find anything. jobs disappeared. and the way the economy's going right now, it's tough to find a job. it was a major theme of the presidential campaign, an america that had lost its way. globalisation and the rise of china were blamed for economic stagnation
and millions ofjobs lost. today, president—elect trump showed his hand, appointing the man who made this film, death by china, as his new trade adviser. he is the economist peter navarro, and he's clear where he feels the fault lies. everyjob that american corporations offshore to china or some other country becomes less of a reason to stand up here and fight forfair trade practices. president—elect trump is following through on his campaign pledges. we can't continue to allow china to rape our country, and that's what they're doing. america and china are the world's two largest economies. if a trade war broke out, it could affect global growth. the trade between them is huge, valued at $660 billion. us exports to china are valued at $162 billion. the country is america's third
largest export market. but imports from china into america are far higher, standing at $498 billion. and this, according to president—elect trump, is the problem, a trade deficit with china totalling $336 billion. mr trump says closing that gap would create a lot ofjobs in america. an america that has certainly lost plenty of traditional manufacturing jobs, like here in pennsylvania, once the heart of the us steel industry. but although people may blame outside forces, economists argue that the job market has changed and that cheap goods from china have been good for hard—pressed us consumers. with china, maybe just we challenge them on one of their policies and then they retaliate in some way. they may announce a retaliation, they may not.
but it looks like quite a bit of friction with china in the months ahead. china's response, as ever, cautious. but caution with an edge. china does not appreciate being called an economic bully. translation: china and the united states, as two large countries, have broad common interests. cooperation is the only correct choice. mr navarro's film is certainly provocative, and in power, of course, the tone can change. but with president—elect trump's pledges ringing in voters' ears, and this most hawkish of china opponents now inside the white house, fears of a trade war between two global economic giants can only increase. kamal ahmed, bbc news. a return to work after a three—year absence would be a daunting challenge for most people, but alex lewis from hampshire has had to overcome difficulties that very few have experienced. three years ago he suffered
an illness which led to the loss of his arms and legs. but as duncan kennedy reports, the story of alex's determination to recover and rebuild his life, is one of courage and exceptional spirit. precious moments with the family that kept and keep alex lewis going. a man whose body was devoured by flesh—consuming bacteria. there's nothing we could have done. nothing at all and i think in some respects that's better. i've got no blame. you know, no—one tried to blow me up in war, or any sort of conflict. it was just a bit of bad luck. alex's "bad luck", as he puts it, started in 2013 when he went from this, to this, after a cold became a strep a infection, which led to sepis blood poisoning. for his partner, lucy, seeing his mouth and nose
disintegrate and his arms and legs amputated, was devastating. i couldn't go into the room and see him after it. i found it really difficult to go in and see. i could deal with the legs, i could deal with the legs. i couldn'tjust deal with the arms very well. alex began three gruelling yea rs of recovery, frustration and setback. it all looked so bleak. but during his 20 operations, alex always kept one goal in mind — to go back to work. and this week, he did. what sort of feeling does that bring, being back at work? it shows that you can get out, you can go back to work. you're not resigned to being stuck at home because you are missing your arms and legs. alex has become an interior designer. he tested his ideas in this restaurant but now he's won
a contract to do several more. all with the imagination he never knew he had. psychologically it is a huge lift. if we can get through the previous three years, like we have done, going back to work and creating a new business is the topping on the cake, really, the icing on the cake. come on, back on the sofa. alex will base himself at home, and make site visits with the help of his clients. it's been a very long journey. but just listen to how he sums it all up. they have been the best three years of my life, i think, because i wasn't making the most of the life that i had prior to falling ill. i think falling ill made me realise what i had. people watching this may use words like "hope", "courage", "inspiration". what is your message to come out of all this?