a very warm welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to our viewers in north america and around the globe. my name's mike embley. our top stories: 75 years on, japan's prime minister shinzo abe makes an historic visit to pearl harbor, offering condolences to victims of the attack. translation: we must never repeat the horrors of war again. this is the solemn vow we, the people of japan, have taken. somebody get this walking carpet out of my way. an outpouring of tributes. the actress and author carrie fisher, forever princess leia in star wars, has died at the age of 60. argentina's former president, cristina fernandez de kirchner, is charged over corruption allegations. make no bones about it, scientists believe evolution may be to blame forjoint pain, and it could get even worse. hello.
president obama and japan's prime minister, shinzo abe, have laid wreaths at the site of the japanese attack on pearl harbour, where the deaths of nearly 2,400 americans in 1941 brought the united states into the second world war. it's the first visit by a japanese leader while still in office. mr abe said the horrors of war must never be repeated but he stopped short of any apology. here's our tokyo correspondent rupert wingfield—hayes. it has taken 75 years but today the prime minister of japan and the president of the united states stood side—by—side in silent contemplation, at the spot where the pacific war began. they threw flowers into the water where the wreck of the battleship arizona still lies. more than a thousand us sailors died when the arizona exploded under a rain ofjapanese bombs.
in all, more than 2,400 americans were killed in the surprise 1941 attack. today, prime minister abe spoke of his profound sadness that so many young lives were suddenly ended without warning. translation: we must never repeat the horrors of war again. this is the solemn vow we, the people of japan, have taken. it was president obama who took the first step on this journey of reconciliation when he went to hiroshima. in may, he became the first serving us president to pay his respects at the site of the world's first atomic attack. i offer my sincere and everlasting condolences to the souls of those who lost their lives here, as well as to the spirit of all the brave men and women whose lives were taken by a war that
commenced in this very place. wars can end. the most bitter of adversaries can become the strongest of allies. the fruits of peace always outweigh the plunder of war. but while japan and america heal their old wounds, china still stands aggrieved and unforgiving. translation: japan cannot turn over a new page of history without reconciliation with china and other asian victim countries. the japanese leader should not keep beating about the bush and evading the crucial point. the rise of china is the driving force behind prime minister abe's push for an even closer alliance with the united states but that alliance is about to face the challenge of president—elect donald trump. mr trump has threatened to pull us
troops out of japan and even suggested japan build its own nuclear weapons. for mr abe, it has given even greater urgency to laying the ghosts of pearl harbor to rest. rupert wingfield—hayes, bbc news, in tokyo. i spoke just now to rupert. he told me prime minister abe's words appeared to be very heartfelt. it seems to have been very genuine. the language that the japanese prime minister used was perhaps more emotive than one might have expected from a japanese prime minister. he was very vivid in his description of the young american lives, sailors and marines, killed on that day in december 1941, of lives unfulfilled, children not growing up with their fathers. i think that was a real attempt by the japanese prime minister to repeat what president obama did injapan back in may when he visited hiroshima, that is to make a direct connection with the american people. by using that sort of election
to convey in an american, emotive way, his feelings of remorse about the lives lost at pearl harbor. there was no actual apology, of course. how much does that seem to matter? there was never going to be an apology, just as when president obama came, he didn't apologise for the dropping of the atom bombs onjapan. the understanding of history between these two countries is still widely different. many people injapan still believe that the pearl harbor attack was forced on japan by american sanctions. many americans still believe the atomic attacks onjapan were justified because they ended the war. so i don't think there is going to be agreement in history but i think this is both countries trying to put the past behind them and move forward. and heal the wounds of history, even if they don't agree on the history precisely. carrie fisher, the american film
star who played princess leia in the star wars series, has died. she was 60. the actress, also an accomplished author, died days after suffering a heart attack on a transatlantic flight between london and los angeles. 0ur entertainment correspondent lizo mzimba looks back at her life. what the hell are you doing?! somebody has to save our skins. clever and confident, occasionally caustic. i take orders from just one person, me. it's a wonder you're still alive. will somebody get this big walking carpet out of many i way? carrie fisher's leia wasn't your typical princess waiting to be rescued. for luck. her most famous character was outspoken on screen. i should have expected to find you holding vader's leash. i recognised your foul stench when i was brought on board. carrie fisher was often equally plain speaking in real life, sharing details of her volatile relationship with her mother,
screen legend debbie reynolds, and her own struggles with addiction. people used to ask me, you know, right after i got sober initially, so are you happy now? and i would say among other things, happy is one of the many things, the many emotions i'll go through in a day. you're notjust skipping around, spouting hallmark cards, but you know, yeah, i'm in a much better place. somehow you lay the entire blame for your drug taking on me. i do not, mother. the film postcards from the edge was based on carrie fisher's semi—autobiographical novel of the same name. the central character — an actress and recovering drug addict — played by meryl streep. i never get my hair done. fisher was a teenager when she made her cinema debut, opposite warren beattie in a romantic comedy shampoo, before star wards made her one
of cinema's most famous faces. throughout her career, she continued working behind the camera, often as a script doctor, as well as in smaller roles in front of the camera, in movies like when harry met sally. restaurants were to people in the ‘80s what theatre was to people in the ‘60s. i wrote that. in 2015 she reprised her role as princess leia in star wars: the force awakens. that's how millions will remember her — a groundbreaking, modern heroine from a galaxy far, far away. carrie fisher, who's died at the age of 60. more of the main news for you briefly. police in germany say a polish driver was killed just hours before the lorry he had been driving was used in last week's attack on a christmas market in berlin. investigators say lukasz urban was shot in the head by terror
suspect anis amri. 12 people were killed when the lorry was driven into the crowded market. iraq's prime minister, haider al—abadi, has said it'll take three months to eliminate the extremists of the so—called islamic state group. is spokesmen have said the last functioning bridge in their key remaining stronghold, mosul, has been damaged beyond repair by american airstrikes. it posted this video showing the destruction. richard adams, author of the children's novel watership down, has died. he was 96. he spent years trying to sell to publishers his book about a group of rabbits in search of a new home, but then shot to fame in 1972 when it became a worldwide bestseller and animated film. argentina's former president, cristina fernandez de kirchner, has been charged over corruption allegations. a judge has also frozen more than $600 million of her personal assets. ms fernandez has previously denied any wrong doing. caroline davies reports. she may have left the presidency,
but cristina fernandez has not left the public stage. argentina's former president has been indicted for the second time ina year. cristina fernandez became president in 2007, taking over from her husband. combined, they held power for 12 years. her supporters praised her for the generous welfare programmes. her critics say she wrecked the economy. she resigned as president last december. her political opponent, centre—right, mauricio macri, w011 power. their relationship has been fractious since the beginning. ms fernandez didn't attend mr macri's inauguration ceremony. since then there have been several accusations of corruption against the former president. in may she was charged with allegedly ordering irregular central bank transactions. in june, her properties were searched. injuly, her assets were frozen. now she faces a different charge in a new case. this time that she ran a corruption scheme. this allegation says that her government steered public
contracts to a businessman close to her family. it dates from 2003 up to last year. ms fernandez has always dismissed corruption accusations as political persecution by her opponent. tonight she tweeted: illicit association is a legal concept used by all dictatorships to persecute their political opponents. argentina waits to see the outcome. one of the flight recorders from the russian military plane that crashed on sunday has been recovered from the black sea, crashed on sunday has been recovered from the black sea and taken to moscow for analysis. it's hoped the black box will help explain why the tupolev—154 crashed minutes after take—off from sochi, killing all 92 people onboard. steve rosenberg reports. they had been searching for this for more than two days. finally, from the black sea today, they recovered the black box flight recorder of the russian plane. it seemed to have survived the crash in one piece. the device was taken away and flown to moscow to this laboratory.
for crash investigators, it could provide vital clues to the cause of the disaster. there is data here on the aircraft's speed and altitude, fuel and engines. at the crash site, 70 divers have been working around the clock, searching for bodies and for wreckage of the plane. today, the recovery operation brought to the surface larger fragments of the aircraft. each piece of debris they find, one more clue to this tragedy. the tupolev—154 belonged to the russian military. syria was its final destination, but it crashed after refuelling in sochi. today, a meeting of russia's most senior military commanders began with a minute's silence. 0n the video screen, they showed the names and the faces of the victims.
most of the people on the plane were members of an army choir. the russian authorities are calling for patience. it will take time, they say, to piece together exactly what happened to the tupolev jet, to find out why it fell from the sky. and while russia waits for answers, it continues to search the sea. back on the shore, it continues to mourn. steve rosenberg, bbc news, moscow. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: more reaction to the death of american actress carrie fisher. the most ambitious financial and political change ever attempted has got under way with the introduction of the euro. tomorrow in holland, we're going to use money we picked up in belgium today and then france and again the same money, it's got to be the way to go. george harrison, the former beatle, is recovering in hospital
after being stabbed at his 0xfordshire home. a 33—year—old man from liverpool is being interviewed by police on suspicion of attempted murder. i think it was good. just good? no, fantastic. that's better. this is bbc news. i'm mike embley. the latest headlines: japanese prime minister shinzo abe has visited the us naval base at pearl harbor, offering "sincere and everlasting condolences" to the victims of japan's attack on the base 75 years ago.
famously known for her role as princess leia in the star wars film, american actress carrie fisher has died, aged 60. she'd recently suffered a heart attack. the reaction to carrie fisher's death has been enormous on social media, an outpouring of condolences from all around the world. let's take a look. earlier i spoke to andy greene, a senior writer at rolling stone magazine and one of the last journalists to interview carrie fisher. i asked him what made her such a fun and interesting person to interview i was surprised by her humour and her candour. any topic that i brought up she was happy to talk about. very impressive. it was how she dealt with everything, wasn't it? she had so much pain and so many difficult chapters in her life but she dealt with it by being honest and being so funny, she turned everything into a joke, all of these terrible things.
i know you interview many celebrities and many big names. some are bogged down by one enormous role. she absolutely, she was completely comfortable with princess leia, particularly with the fact that she killed jabba the hutt. she was proud of that role and she embraced it. it was her proudest moment. many people are frustrated to be known free single role however she embraced it. she loved the fans, she loved being princess leia. it was great. and famously she said her obituary should include that she was "drowned in moonlight, strangled by her own bra." that was reference to something that george lucas said to her on set? he told her that she could not wear underwear on set because there was no underwear in space.
i think because it was visible under the costume. "it turns out that the best and worst parts of success are exactly the same." i spoke to her for around 35 minutes and almost every answer was funny, it was witty and reflection we honest. it was witty and refreshingly honest. i do many interviews and there are a few people i have ever spoken to who have been as forthright about the problems as she was to me. and she said she looked ahead to death. when it came to it, she would want someone like her around. and she was going to be there. at the very end of the interview i asked her if she fears death and she said she doesn't fear death but she fears dying. because she had coached some of her friends through it and it was difficult, but that she would be there for her own death which was a very poignant line to end on and thankfully her death was quick and painless. the worst part is and the best parts
of success, carrie fisher you said, oui’ of success, carrie fisher you said, our money, travelling and the people you meet. 29 turkish police officers have gone on trial in istanbul over their alleged involvement in july's abortive coup. 0ver over 1000 0ver1000 indictments have been prepared. amid high security, the first major trial of alleged plotters has begun at this prison on the outskirts of istanbul. 29 police officers face a range of charges — some accused of trying to overthrow the government in july, others of belonging to a terrorist organisation. translation: everyone involved in a coup attempt must have a fair trial. those not guilty must be separated. those who are guilty must be sentenced to the heaviest punishment because this is a betrayal against a country. this is a coup attempt to topple the legal government. more than 1000 indictments
have been prepared. if found guilty, 21 of them face life sentences. so far, 40,000 people have been arrested since july. 0n the night of the coup, rogue soldiers from the army and police attacked parliament and various institutions across istanbul and ankara. thousands of turks took to the streets following calls from the president to defend their democracy. more than 200 people died. they were mostly civilians. the coup has been blamed on the us—based cleric fethullah gulen, something he strongly denies. despite this, president erdogan has been purging turkey's institutions of suspected gulenists. critics accuse the government of using the failed coup to hit back at opponents. with more than 1000 people sacked or suspended and tens of thousands in jail, these trials are set to be the most far reaching legal process in modern turkish history. catharina moh, bbc news.
if you suffer regular aches and pains in yourjoints, scientists think they may have found out why. it's all to do with the way our skeletons have evolved. smeetha mundasad reports. 3—d printing the bones of our distant ancestors and imagining how we might look in thousands of years‘ time. an unconventional way to approach an everyday problem. why is it that the humans of today get so muchjoint pain? to answer, scientist looked back at hundreds of ancient skeletons and say evolution could be partly to blame. this is a 30,000—year—old thighbone and it is this area here which has changed. we call it the neck of the thighbone. as we have gone through evolution, this area is getting thicker and thicker whereas we know there is a direct link between this area getting thicker and early arthritis.
that is not all. they can nudge their model forward, having a guess at how human skeletons may change in 5000 years‘ time. these 3—d printed models show what the bones of the future human could look like. scientists say by studying them closely, it is clear that the human skeleton is changing and they say if current trends continue, it's likely that arthritis and pain will get more common. consider the shoulder. as we began walking on two legs the shape of the shoulder shifted to compensate for a new gait. look at this space getting narrower and narrower over millions of years. scientists say this leaves less room for tendons which attach muscles to bone to move. leading to more pain as we reach overhead. and if this pattern continues, it is set to get worse
in the future. researchers say while evolution may have left us with some unhelpful hangovers, physiotherapy and using the right posture can help conquer some of the downsides of our design. they hope that projects like this one might help design thejoint replacements and surgeries of the future. a waste treatment plant in hong kong has opened its own spa — using human waste to generate electricity. the bbc‘s helier cheung has been trying out the unsettling combination of sludge processing and thermal pools. this may look like a normal spa, but there is more to it than you would expect. the water is nice and warm, but it's heated by burning sludge. that is the waste you get from treating sewage. this is t park, a plant on the outskirts of hong kong. it treats sludge, the thick, muddy waste from sewers and toilets. sludge is smelly and has been
filling up hong kong's landfills. but the government says it has found a solution, turning the sludge into energy. t park incinerates more than a thousand tons of sludge each day. burning the sludge makes it 90% smaller and easier to bury. it also generates enough electricity for the whole plant and 4000 households. even the waste water is treated so it can be used to water the plants. the government says t park is key for sustainability in hong kong. t park is the first waste energy facilities in hong kong. it is the first step of the hong kong government's ways to channel energy and reduce the burdens to the landfill. it provides a sustainable solution to the sewage sludge disposal in hong kong. hundreds of people visit the plant each day for an educational tour or a free spa session. but critics say not everyone has benefited. translation: there are lots
of smells from the sludge when they are being transported. incinerating sludge causes air pollution as well. this affects local residents. the government says it follows stringent standards, and that all emissions are tested before being released. and they will be hoping visitors leave the plant feeling pampered, and with a new interest in sustainability. helier chung, bbc news, hong kong. more on all of our stories at any time on the bbc website. and you can get in touch with me and most of the team on twitter, i'm @bbc mike embley. hello. it looks as though wednesday will start on a cold note for many parts of the british isles. certainly in england and wales.
but my major concern is the density of the fog. quite a widespread issue as we start the new day. not so much in the south—west. we will have had enough breeze overnight to keep the atmosphere that little bit more mixed. but where things have really settled, that is where the fog will have popped up. central and eastern parts of wales, through the midlands to east anglia, down into the south—east and up towards the vale of york. further north, the fog a good deal more patchy, and so too the frost, but here, more in the way of cloud and breeze. an ever present feature throughout the day across the western isles. close by to a weather front, may produce the odd spot of rain. wind really quite a feature here. we are not without the chance of some sunshine. the borders of scotland, north of england, western side of wales and south—west of england. here, the temperatures having a chance to respond. 7—10 degrees or so. but, and it is a significant but, if that fog lingers with you, and it may well do in some locales, certainly through the midlands, east anglia and parts of the south—east, it will really put a dent in the temperatures as well as your visibility.
that is not such an issue for the scottish premiership matches. there are four through the course of wednesday evening. but if you are journeying for this particular feature, southampton taking on spurs, there could well be a fog issue for your travels. if you lose the fog, it may well reform from wednesday night into thursday. we will do it all over again. the weather front still a player over northern and western parts of scotland. further south, leaden skies for the most part. again, if you happen to keep the fog for any length of time during the course of the day, the temperature could be closer to 1—2 degrees rather than 4—7. thursday into friday, that weather front coming more towards the north—western quarter of the british isles. the isobars beginning to tighten up. fog less of an issue as we start friday. mild air streaming in across scotland, the western fringes of wales through northern ireland into the south—west of england. the last of the chilly conditions
hanging on across east anglia. towards the weekend, out of the old year into the new, a significant change in the weather. the front comes further south and the isobars stream in from the north, and with it much colder weather. so a change to cooler conditions, certainly, and near that front, quite wet too. the latest headlines from bbc news. i'm mike embley. shinzo abe has become the first japanese prime minister in more than half a century to visit pearl harbour. he joined president obama to remember the more than 2,400 us servicemen killed in the japanese attack on the naval base 75 years ago. mr abe said that the horrors of war must never be repeated. the american film star carrie fisher, who played princess leia in the star wars films, has died at the age of 60. she had been in intensive care since friday, after recently suffering a cardiac arrest. her co—star, harrison ford,