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tv   BBC News  BBC News  December 29, 2016 7:00pm-7:46pm GMT

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this is bbc news. the headlines at 7. the russian president announces a ceasefire deal between the syrian government and opposition groups to come into force at midnight. translation: the documents have been signed. between the syrian government and the armed opposition in syria. there is a document on measures to help control areas covered by this ceasefire and an agreement on the start of peace talks. family doctors warn that patients might have to wait a month before seeing their gp. they say the system is overstretched. devon and cornwall police investigate the discovery of the bodies of two men at a flat in st austell. detectives are treating the deaths as unexplained. and in the next hour, tributes to hollywood star debbie reynolds who's died at the age of 8a. best known for her role in musical singin‘ in the rain, her death comes just a day after the death of her daughter carrie fisher.
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and how migrating birds risk missing out on vital breeding grounds because of rising global temperatures, according to a new study. good evening and welcome to bbc news. russia has announced a nationwide ceasefire in the syrian conflict. the deal has been brokered by russia and turkey — who've been on opposing sides in the conflict. the syrian government and main opposition groups have agreed to a ceasefire from midnight local time tonight. but some groups — including so—called islamic state — are not part of the agreement. the announcement was made in moscow from where our correspondent steve rosenberg reports. for nearly six years, syria has been torn apart by civil war. a country reduced to ruins.
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a conflict that has left more than 400,000 people dead. there have been peace initiatives before which brought no peace. but today russia announced a breakthrough. in the kremlin, russia's defence minister handed vladimir putin a list of syrian opposition groups that had signed up to a ceasefire with president assad. 60,000 rebels, he said, would stop fighting. this is how president putin summarised the deal. translation: three documents have been signed. the first document between the syrian government and the armed opposition is about a ceasefire on the territory of the syrian arab republic. the second document is a set of measures for monitoring the ceasefire. and the third document is a statement about readiness to start peace talks on ending the syrian conflict. the syrian government was persuaded by russia to sign today's agreement.
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it's with an assortment of seven syrian rebel groups. turkey's role was crucial in convincing them. not part of the deal are so—called islamic state, or the main kurdish rebel group who are fighting them, the ypg. and there's confusion tonight over whether the agreement covers a key rebel group, widely seen as linked to al-qaeda. sidelined is washington. withjohn kerry's diplomacy, the us had been co—sponsor, with russia, of previous peace efforts for syria. but today the kremlin has snubbed the 0bama administration. moscow said it hoped america would join the new round of peace talks when donald trump takes over. but will the ceasefire hold? today the free syrian army, a loose alliance of rebel factions, was cautious. translation: during the talks, the russian government guaranteed
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to us that they will keep the syrian regime forces and their allies under control. during these talks we have not met anyone from the syrian regime. meanwhile the violence in syria continues. this amateur video purports to show the aftermath of an air strike today in the suburbs of damascus. schoolchildren running, screaming, through the smoke and the chaos. when it begins, can the ceasefire end this war? you can understand why many syrians have low expectations. 0ur correspondent lina sinjab is in neighbouring lebanon. she told us more about the detail of the deal. it includes all the opposition groups, but excludes the group called by almost every side as a terrorist
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group, the so—called islamic state. both russia, turkey, the government and opposition say this is a group that should be excluded, but the syrian government is adding to the list — adding al-qaeda's affiliate formerly known as al—nusra and they said everyone affiliated to these groups should not be included in this deal and that is a worrying sign because in the past the syrian government has been targeting all rebel—held territories, claiming they are fighting terrorists. that is what the syrian government says. they paintbrush the civil defence forces known as the white helmets, president assad called them a face lift to al qaeda. the question is how much russia will be able to control the government military operations in fighting islamic state and not fighting other groups
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supported by the west and included in this deal. i suppose we have been here before with negotiated ceasefires which have not held. the difference this time is russia appears to be in the driving seat. yes, indeed. we have both the un and us missing in this deal. they don't have any stake in this deal, it is the powers on the ground, like russia, turkey and iran. for the deal to come out and be announced by president putin, he is putting his weight behind it and wants to strike a deal to find a solution for the conflict in syria, for which he will take credit, especially before a new administration in the us is in office. he would put reality on the ground for the next american administration, and he will take the credit for any solution for the war in syria.
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and we'll find out how this story — and many others — are covered in tomorrow's front pages at 10.45 and 11:30pm this evening in the papers — our guests joining me tonight are claire cohen, women's editor at the daily telegraph and kevin schofield, editor of politicshome. iraq's army says it has launched the second phase of its operations to recapture the northern city of mosul from the so—called islamic state. this follows a lull of several weeks in the fighting. the elite counter terrorism forces say they are carrying out attacks on several fronts, as they try to clear the militants from the east side of the tigris river. hundreds of civilians have fled mosul in the past few days. the head of the royal college of general practitioners has warned that patients in england could be forced to wait four weeks or longer to see theirfamily doctor in months ahead. helen stokes—lampard says surgeries are already over—stretched because of a shortage of gps
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and years of under—investment. but the government says it's investing an extra 2.4 billion pounds in family doctor services by 2020 as our health correspondent robert pigott reports. hello, mrs richardson? come on in, i'm doctor helen. come on through, come and have a seat. dr helen stokes—lampard has been struggling to make routine appointments within three to four weeks at her surgery in lichfield. winter is increasing the demand on health services already under year—round pressure. gps warned that their service is stretched desperately thin and lengthening waiting times could pose a serious risk to patients. firstly, there just aren't enough gps out there, we don't have enough clinicians in the workforce. but also we haven't got enough nurses and other healthcare professionals, too. so the problem this winter is as bad as it's ever been. and that's a real worry. gps currently see more than 1.3 million patients every day and there are now 60 million more consultations every year
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than there were just five years ago. the doctor is available wednesday 11th. like other gps, the doctors at central surgery in rugby have found themselves caring increasingly forfrail, elderly people and patients with complex, long—term illnesses. it's helped add 16% to gps‘ workload in the last seven years. experts estimate that family doctors now provide 360 million appointments every year in england, dwarfing the capacity of hospitals. there is a very small change in what gps are capable of doing. could be capable of completely overwhelming the a&e department and outpatient departments by increasing referrals. they are absolutely a key part of the health system and unless we look after them, the whole system could be in very deep trouble. gps have told the department of health that the nhs has been phenomenally successful both
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in nipping disease in the bud and in keeping alive huge numbers of people with chronic conditions such as heart disease and diabetes. but they warn this preventative care could now be undermined with potentially serious and even tragic consequences for future years. nhs england say gp services are on track to receive an extra £2.4 billion in real terms investment by 2020. to build on this track record of success and expand access to convenient appointments throughout the week. the royal college of gps welcomed the extra funding promised for england and scotland but said similar commitments have not yet been made in wales or northern ireland. robert pigott, bbc news. police in cornwall say they're treating as "unexplained" the deaths of two men whose bodies were found at a block of flats in st austell. one of the men, who was 31, has been identified and his family has been informed.
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the second is believed to have been in his twenties. eleanor parkinson reports. the bodies of the two men were found in a rented flat in this building yesterday afternoon. the police have not revealed how they died, but say their deaths are unexplained. officers from plymouth have been drafted in, along with a forensic team and a number of fire officers. this block of flats has been sealed off all day while officers search around the building and inside the property. the police said the two men who died are a 31—year—old local man and a 22—year—old man, originally from plymouth. they say another man, arrested at the scene on suspicion of burglary, is not thought to have anything to do with the deaths. i just feel for all the families. obviously i don't know exactly what's happened, but it is appalling that something like this can happen. the results of postmortem examinations are expected tomorrow, but the fire brigade have already ruled out the possibility of carbon monoxide poisoning. the hollywood actress
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debbie reynolds, who starred with gene kelly in the musical singin‘ in the rain, has died. she was 84. her death was announced a day after the death of her daughter — the actress carrie fisher. her son said the news had been too much for her to bear — as our correspondent david sillito reports. # i'm singin‘ in the rain, just singin‘ in the rain. singin‘ in the rain, debbie reynolds was just 19. she'd not really danced before this, but this performance made her a star. i was supposed to be an innocent, virginal little girl and certainly i was that. i think it was a tough deal for poor gene to be stuck with me, who had never danced. it would have been far better for him to have a great dancer. but i worked so hard that i think, in the end when i look at that performance of that little girl, i think i did a good job.
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# all i do is dream of you the whole night through.# 64 years later, her death comes just a day after losing her daughter, carrie fisher. she'd been planning herfuneral when she was taken ill. her son todd said the stress was simply too much. among the tributes, bette midler, who said it was hard to comprehend. damejoan collins said she was truly heartbroken. you could make an album, i could produce it. that mother—and—daughter relationship, meryl streep and shirley maclaine gave us a taste of the ups and downs in postcards from the edge. but it was far from the full story. indeed debbie reynolds wanted to play the role but was told she wasn't right for the part. you want me to do well, just not better than you. what she was right for was old—school hollywood song and dance. the show always went on, even when she was abandoned by her husband, eddie fisher, for elizabeth taylor. my personal life is always
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sort of like this. that little choo—choo train that says, "i think i can, i think i can, i think i can." i seem to marry very poorly. i have no taste in men. luckily for me, god was good and i have two wonderful children. and here she is, carrie fisher, six years old, watching her mother on stage. the photographer said she didn't move. 54 years later, debbie reynolds final words: "i want to be with carrie." but if you want to remember what made her special, remember her like this. debbie reynolds, who's died at the age of 84. we can now speak to david patrick columbia — who co—wrote debbie reynolds'
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first autobiography. hejoins me on webcam from new york. thanks forjoining us. debbie reynolds had a wholesome public image but a turbulent private life. she had in many ways a wholesome private image, also. the turbulent one was with her husbands. she had three husbands and each one caused some kind of a problem. eddie fisher left for elizabeth and harry spent millions of her money without her knowing and she had to pay $20 million in taxes after he died as she paid it over a period of years, working and working and she paid it off and accumulated her own fortune after that. the third husband i do not know much about but it was an
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idea she had that came quickly and actually it was not a good idea and it eventually ended. the relationship she had with her daughter carrie fisher is fascinating. how close were she to her? it is more complicated in the press and media than in reality. it was a real mother and daughter relationship. there was competition because they were in the same business but mother was the senior member of the business and mother admired her daughter's talents. debbie regarded carrie fisher as the bright one in the family, brighter than she was. she praised her all the time. there was a rumour they did not speak for ten years, but i think carrie fisher said it was not true, they never went for more than two or three days without speaking.
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debbie's house was at the end of the driveway where carrie fisher's house was. they had a competitive relationship in the sense carrie fisher built her career of her mother but also like to be independent and debbie being the mother really wanted to give her advice. where carrie fisher wrote postcards from the edge, they passed it to postcards from the edge, they passed ittoa postcards from the edge, they passed it to a woman who was debbie's mentor, lillian, the acting coach from 1938 until 1952 at mgm. she had a close business relationship with debbie and when she read the script she said to carrie fisher, there is nothing in the script that makes the mother sympathetic as a character and if you don't have sympathy for any character, you do not have a successful script. she said you have to put in a line where they have an argument and the mother says to the daughter, i came from nowhere and
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made something of myself and you came from somewhere and made nothing and carrie fisher put it in the script because she was professional like a mother and it worked well. both women had such similar careers, both coming to prominence at the age of 19 both coming to prominence at the age of19 in their both coming to prominence at the age of 19 in theirfirst major both coming to prominence at the age of 19 in their first major films and went on to live the rest of their lives in the public eye. right, they did. carrie liked the public eye, it was herforum. did. carrie liked the public eye, it was her forum. debbie, did. carrie liked the public eye, it was herforum. debbie, a student at the university of mgm, knew that was how you kept your career going and was always professional. if debbie went to harvard rather than mgm, she could probably run ibm because she had the commitment to her profession. you co-wrote the first autobiography. what fascinated you most about debbie reynolds? she reminded me of my big sister. she
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had a sisterly quality. i was younger. not only was i her interviewer, i was someone she came to know on a personal basis. she knew about my life and my problems. she always wanted to be helpful. she had an accompanist for years and when he needed a house, she gave him the house that belonged to her second husband harry, belonged to his parents, she gave him the house. she was very generous. very good to talk to you. thanks for your time. these are some of the tributes paid to debbie reynolds. larry king posted a picture of him interviewing her on his show. actor albert brooks
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who played alongside her in the 1996 film mother. debbie, who played her on—screen daughter in will and grace. and the comedian ellen says... some tributes to debbie reynolds. we have some breaking news coming out of the united states which is that president 0bama has ordered sanctions against russian officials and russian intelligence services in response to election hacking. you will be aware of the accusation there had been interference by the russian intelligence services into the election, presidential election campaign. the news coming from the
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united states is that president 0bama has ordered sanctions against russian officials. there are some details. the state department is shutting down two rushing compounds in maryland and new york. the us will kick out 35 russian intelligence operatives. and we'll shut down two rushing compounds in response to those allegations of hacking. president 0bama has said all americans should be alarmed by russia's actions over that period of time. the authorities in berlin say they've released a tunisian man who was detained yesterday on suspicion of being involved in last week's attack on a christmas market. the 40—year—old was freed without charge. investigators have also revealed that the lorry involved in the attack was slowed down by its automatic braking system, probably saving many lives. 12 people died in the attack. 0ur correspondent damien
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mcguinness has been following the story from berlin. he said it was a setback for the investigation. the worry is that a potential accomplice, or someone who at least supported anis amri, has not been found because police suspected that this particular man, who had been living in berlin, had in fact been part of a plot, or at least supported anis amri in this attack, because as you say, just minutes before the attack, amri had sent a voice message and a picture saying to this other person, "pray for me, brother, i'm in the car, all is fine", indicating there was somebody else involved in planning the attack. the authorities originally thought this 40—year—old tunisian man was indeed that suspect. it turns out that was not the case. he has now been released. so now the search is on for any potential suspects.
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it's really not clear whether he was on his own, or whether he had a whole network of people helping him. there are still lots of questions to be clarified about what happened just before christmas. and in fact also the actions of the authorities who are coming under increasing criticism, of whether they acted quickly enough to find anis amri in the days after the attack and whether in fact he should have been allowed to carry out this attack at all, given that he was already known to the authorities and already deemed to be suspicious at the time. and prosecutors, when they were raising the information about the tunisian man, also spoke about the automatic braking system on the lorry and how that had potentially saved lives. yes, that's right, they said that the braking system, after about 70 metres, managed to stop the lorry, meaning fewer people were killed than might have been the case. this is an interesting detail because there was speculation that the original driver of the hijacked lorry,
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a polish man, had intervened and there's been a lot of talk about whether he managed to help prevent other fatalities. in fact it looks like it was the braking system rather than that but there are questions about when this driver died because he was found dead in the truck of the lorryjust after the attack. it seems he was alive until shortly before the attack but authorities have said this afternoon that they're going to have to wait for an autopsy to find out how he died and when. russian officials investigating the crash of a plane in the black sea on christmas day say there was no explosion on board. the tu—154 came down shortly after taking off from sochi, killing 92 people. the country's transport minister said it had been established that the plane's equipment wasn't working correctly. a review of the youth justice system has concluded that child criminals should automatically be
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given life—long anonymity. it's understood ministers are now considering introducing legislation to indefinitely ban the identification of offenders the review says naming child offenders such asjon venables and robert thompson, who murdered two—year—old james bulger, undermines attempts to rehabilitate them. our home affairs correspondent tom symonds is at the ministry ofjustice. he stresses very few offenders are likely to be affected. anyone prosecuted under the age of 18 goes to the youth courts where there is a right to anonymity until they are 18 but not further and this is likely to affect those who go for serious cases to the crown court and we are talking about child murderers. this recommendation would give a right to anonymity for life and it would mean the killers of for example james
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bolger, and their rebel, none of those would be named. —— mary bell. the government needs to look at open justice and our right to know who commits crimes and weigh that against the views of the families of those who have been killed. they may feel they have no right to anonymity and sometimes get are needed and unwarranted publicity as a result of being victims. the nhs in england is to put barcodes on medicines and medical equipment. it's hoped that the scheme will reduce the likelihood of patients being given the wrong treatment — and make it easier to trace people if they are. sangita myska has the story. an angiogram designed to reveal the condition of patients' blood vessels is carried out in salisbury.
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as part of the piloting of the scan4safety scheme, barcodes on medication and equipment record the materials used to treat patients, the time and place of the procedure and the name of the medical staff taking part. we can trace that patient very quickly. we scan all the equipment so there should be no drug errors. some drugs look very similar. it's to the correct patient, so we scan the patient making sure the right drug or the right blood product etc goes to the right patient and if they're going to roll it out to orthopaedics and other types of equipment, we can trace those back in the future patient and if they're going to roll it out to orthopaedics and other types of equipment, we can trace those back in the future again to those patients. barcoding will reduce the average of an hour a day nurses spend collecting medicines and alert staff to those reaching their use—by dates. everything from screws used in knee operations to breast implants will be barcoded so their quality can be monitored. about once a week tragically someone dies in the nhs because they're given the wrong medicine. we also have a number of operations where the wrong implant is put into someone's body and it has to be changed at a later date. if we use modern barcode technology then we can deal with a lot of these problems.
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one of the biggest advantages of scan4safety could be in tracing patients when faulty products have been recalled. nearly 50,000 british women had breast implants made by the french company pip when they were revealed to be at risk of rupturing. the patchy record—keeping had made it difficult to trace the patients at the time. sangita myska, bbc news. the world's highest bridge for traffic has been opened in china. the structure stands almost 1,900 feet above a gorge in the south—west of the country. it's taken three years to build. migrating birds are arriving at their breeding grounds earlier as global temperatures rise, a study has found. the research, conducted by scientists at the university of edinburgh, says some species are missing out on vital resources such as food and nesting places as a result. anisa kadri reports. up, up and away. at least 4,000 different species of birds are regular migrants,
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with some flying thousands of miles from one continent to another, many moving between north and south from where they breed to where they spend the winter. scientists already believe changes in temperature are having an effect on how some plants and animals behave, and now a new study from the university of edinburgh has found that some birds are reaching their summer breeding grounds earlier, breeding grounds earlier — on average one day soon for every one degree increase in temperature. they say reaching their breeding grounds at the wrong time, even by a few days, might mean birds miss out on food and nesting places. and it's those with further to go that may miss out most, which may then affect when their young are born and their chances of survival. researchers hope their findings will help scientists improve predictions of how different species respond to current and future environmental change. the weather now. we saw some lovely
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sunshine in the midlands earlier today but we've seen the fog thickening up again and we are likely to see patchy fog in the south of the uk. questions about the extent of it but there could be some poor visibility in places especially in east anglia and the south—east by the end of the night. in the north, the end of the night. in the north, the wind. fog from forming and it will be relatively mild. seven, 8 degrees for glasgow and belfast but some wetter weather to the north and west of scotland which will be with you for some time. cold in the south—east, temperatures close to freezing. some of the fog will be slow to fear, generally a lot more cloud around compared to what we saw earlier. some wet weather in the north of scotland. with a south—westerly breeze, double
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figures in much of scotland. where the low cloud lingers, five, six or seven. russia has announced a ceasefire between the syrian government and rebel groups, which will begin at midnight tonight. several of the most important ones are reported to have signed up. translation: the first document is about a ceasefire on the territory of the syrian arab republic. the second document is a set of measures for monitoring the ceasefire and the third document is a statement about readiness to start peace talks. america is to expel 35 russian diplomats from the us following allegations that the russians used cyber espionage to interfere in the recent us presidential election. president 0bama has also authorised sanctions against individuals who are claimed to be responsible
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for undermining the election. the head of the royal college of gps has warned that patients could be waiting more than a month to see a doctor this winter. the government says it's investing an extra £2.4 billion in family doctor services by 2020. two men have been found dead at a flat in st austell. devon and cornwall police are treating the deaths as unexplained. ‘singin in the rain' star debbie reynolds has died aged 84 following a stroke — just a day after the death of her daughter, the film star and author, carrie fisher. let's get more now on our main story. a ceasefire — arranged with the help of russia — will take effect in syria at midnight. the un has welcomed the move. but there's concern that the syrian government will go on striking at some rebels. joining me now from moscow is alexander golts, military correspondent for russia's online daily magazine.
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thank you forjoining us. do you think that syria's ceasefire will hold this time? there have been several in the past that haven't. the question is how turkey can influence the rebel groups because all previous ceasefires failed when rebels understood... so it's absolutely clear that syrian government doesn't want... i'm going
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to interrupt because we have a very bad line. i think we will try you again very shortly but we're going to have to move on. i'm sorry. in three weeks' time — donald trump will be sworn in as 45th president of the united states — in a ceremony on capitol hill — before moving in to white house. but in the 7 weeks since his election — mr trump has opted to stay at his home in trump tower in new york, a city that voted overwhelmingly for his opponent hillary clinton. as our correspondent nick bryant explains, trump tower has become a magnet for those who can't or won't accept the trump ascendancy. christmas in new york city. it's hardly a season of goodwill towards all men. people coming out here in the streets to oppose this woman—hating, racist, disgusting fascist regime. in places, the carols have been drowned out by anti—trump chants. the buildings that bear his name
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have become focal points of protest. many new yorkers hate having donald trump in their midst. new yorkers loathe trump. and always have. and that tells you a lot. this is his hometown. new yorkers hate donald trump. and have for decades. we know him better than anybody in the country. it is despicable that a new yorker could be so egregiously against women, people of colour, people of different religions. when he comes from the most beautiful melting pot of new york. it is a dagger in my heart, to be honest, as a new yorker. it makes me want to cry, right now. i'm sorry. protests large and small have become almost a permanent feature of life in new york city since the election of donald trump. and feelings are particularly intense in manhattan, his home,
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where nine out of ten voters supported hillary clinton. some new yorkers have registered their disapproval by campaigning to have his name removed from their apartment buildings. and here at this playground in brooklyn, when pro—trump graffiti appeared alongside swastikas, it was quickly transformed into a shrine of love. a rally shortly afterwards displayed the deep community unease here that reports of hate or bias crimes in new york have increased by 115% since election day. i reject donald trump's vision of america. new york city, i'm asking you to do the same. the billionaire is synonymous with this city, his name remains emblazoned on buildings, even ice rinks. but this christmas, the big apple has something of a gotham city feel, with the president—elect cast by many of his fellow new yorkers
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as the super villain of the piece. nick bryant, bbc news, new york. australian police say they have smashed an international drug syndicate allegedly responsible for importing $258 million worth of cocaine into the country. about 500 kilograms of the drug were found in new south wales and 600 kilograms were seized in tahiti on the way to australia from south america. from sydney, phil mercer reports. the police say this is the biggest haul of cocaine in australia's history. the investigation into an alleged international smuggling ring began almost three years ago. detectives believe the criminal syndicate was using a trawler based at a fish market in sydney to meet a so—called mothership from chile to import vast quantities of drugs. more than a tonne of cocaine has been recovered from a boat north of sydney and on islands in the south pacific. we have seized 32 kilograms of heroin in fiji that we will allege was destined for australia.
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600 kilograms of cocaine in tahiti that we will allege was destined for australia and that culminated on christmas night, as you all know now, with the seizure of 500 kilograms of cocaine in parsley bay near brooklyn, which was also destined for the market here in australia. 15 men have been arrested and charged with serious trafficking offences. among them are a businessman and a former australian rugby league player. investigators allege that although the gang was resilient and determined, it has been completely dismantled. this is international organised crime syndicates trying to take advantage of our 35,000 kilometre coastline in the hope that we won't be in the area that they are in. but as is evidenced today, through cooperation and the hard work of police officers, border force officers, syndicates such as these will be taken down. law enforcement authorities say that had this huge consignment of cocaine reached the streets
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of australia, the result for the community would have been devastating. phil mercer, bbc news, sydney. a bit more on the story that we broke in the last few minutes, the us is to expel 35 russian diplomats following allegations that the russians used cyber espionage to interfere in the recent american presidential election. there has been a response from russia, their foreign ministry, saying that the sanctions will be counter—productive and that they will harm the restoration of bilateral ties. that comes at the same time that president 0bama has said that there will be more actions, as yet unspecified to follow. pakistan's request for all three million afghan refugees to leave is causing chaos on its borders and plunging families into uncertainty. many afghans have spent all their lives in pakistan and fear their home country cannot provide the same standard of living.
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0ur correspondent shaimaa khalil has followed one refugee on hisjourney from pakistan to afghanistan. saifur rahman left from a war—ravaged afghanistan with his family 13 years ago to settle here in pakistan. tonight he goes back to a homeland still marred by violence. he is one of tens of thousands of afghans who have decided to leave. a result of pakistan's intensive campaign to send more than 1.5 million refugees back. translation: it will be difficult compared to here, it feels as if i'm going to a new country. i have spent my life in pakistan. this is like my own country. the unhcr says that on average 5,500 people have been making their way back daily. pakistan says it is facing economic and security challenges. and recent clashes between afghan and pakistani troops have made life very difficult for refugees.
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many have reported harassment by the police. they say they are now being forced into an unknown and dangerous situation. there are serious challenges right now. unless the returnees are able to access basic services, land and livelihoods they will not to be able to be successfully reintegrated. in kabul, trucks carrying families arrive every day. after a long overnight drive across the border, saif—ur—rehman's wife and two boys start the registration process of this unhcr centre. they learn about mines and explosives. a daunting new reality of life in afghanistan. he gets financial aid from the un refugee agency. $400 per person. just enough for basic needs to last them a few weeks. but he has no idea what comes
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next and is worried about the violence here. translation: i have to look for a house now. i am worried if something happens to me, who will take care of my family? for months, thousands of refugees have been crossing the border into afghanistan, packing up whatever they could from a life they left behind. when you look at their faces, men, women, children, they are so exhausted from the long and draining journey. but the hardship doesn't end here. most refugees have nowhere to go. especially those who come from areas where fighting is still ongoing with the taliban. they left the only life they knew back in pakistan. and for now these trucks seems the closest thing to home. more now on the death of the hollywood actress
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debbie reynolds, just a day after her daughter carrie fisher. the 84—year—old star of singin' in the rain was at her son's home planning her daughter's funeral when she is believed to have suffered a stroke. six years ago, when debbie reynolds was a guest on the bbc‘s hardtalk programme, she opened up about her three divorces, going bankrupt and bringing up two children and three step—children on her own. do i have to work? yes, everybody has to work and it is always bills, i raised five children. they all went to university and they always had a mother that worked, so they had a lot of cars, colleges, you know, so i think that all parents work, don't they? especially if they have a divorce. your third husband left you bankrupt, didn't he? my second husband left me bankrupt. and the third one. my third husband just left with all the money, he didn't leave me bankrupt. that must have been very difficult because as a hollywood star you had amassed a huge amount
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of money until the second and third marriages. husbands spend a lot of money. i could shop all day on what they spend. do you regret that you trusted your husbands so much financially and in the end it didn't work out for one reason or another and in the case of your second husband, he gambled a lot, the third husband it was a hotel complex investment that didn't work out. as a woman i have to answer you honestly, that when you fall in love you don't really ask — is the man in love with me? you really think that he is. otherwise you wouldn't get married. you just really do believe. i am rather victorian and i think if the man says, i love you, debbie, and i want to be with you the rest of my life, you must believe him or you wouldn't marry him. i am not a complete fool until after the fact, but then i was. yes, i have been married three times, twice, the second one went bankrupt, the third one went bankrupt
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but he didn't get everything. he took all the money and ran, but he didn't get everything. and i have a great resilience. they don't tackle me on the way out, theyjust leave me fallen, like a good punch. when you first discovered at the age of 16, what was it like to be on the verge of a hollywood career? who knew that? i was 16 and i was in school, i entered a local beauty contest just for fun because they gave away a free blouse and scarf. that's why you did it? a silk scarf. i never had a silk scarf or a beautiful blouse. i vorm the contest, there was a talent scout, they took me and asked me ifi talent scout, they took me and asked me if i wanted to be

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