i'm mariko oi, in singapore. the headlines: cctv footage emerges of the moment a gunman launched an attack on a turkish nightclub, killing 39 people. a huge manhunt continues. questions for indonesia after 23 people are killed when fire breaks out on a crowded ferry. others are still missing. i'm kasia madera, in london. britain's queen elizabeth is said to be better despite missing a second church service due to a heavy cold. and will the world's scientists come up with desperately—needed antibiotics to fight superbugs in 2017? we'll look at the big global health issues of the year ahead. announcer: live from our studios in singapore and london, this is bbc world news. it's newsday. good morning.
it's 8.00am in singapore, midnight in london and 3.00am in turkey, just over 2a hours since a gunman forced his way into an istanbul nightclub and opened fire. he killed 39 people, most of them foreign visitors, before disappearing into the night. turkish police have launched a massive manhunt. a leader of the kurdish militant group, the pkk, has denied any involvement. mark lowen reports from istanbul. the mood was of celebration. one of istanbul's top nightclubs, reina, counting down to 2017. five, four, three, two... they expected a night ofjoy, a fresh start — not this. less than two hours into the new year, a gunman opened fire outside, bullets ricocheting
as he shot a policeman and a civilian. another camera showed people carolling as the attacker struck before he stormed the club. —— cowering. inside, his killing spree continued — turks and foreigners murdered, others jumping into the freezing bosphorus to escape. dozens more were injured, some critically. the gunman is still at large. witnesses spoke of the horror. translation: i had my back turned. my husband suddenly told me to get on the floor. a man ran inside. two or three people started firing. then there was this fog. i fainted at that moment, until special forces took us out of there. they shot randomly. there were bodies lying on the floor. today, the scene was heavily guarded. too late for the victims of last night's security breach. there's still no word of who was behind it. well, this is as close as we can get to what was one of turkey's most renowned nightclubs, which has become a scene of mass murder.
turkey is now worryingly accustomed to these attacks, and as perhaps the most turbulent year in its modern history ends, another begins, yet again marked by terror. at the mortuary, they counted up the bodies. those waiting feared the worst. some already knew it. muhammad from iraq told us one of his friends was killed and two others injured. "we'd come here on holiday," he said. "now we are taking our friend's body home." visiting the wounded, the prime minister sounded defiant, but after more than 20 attacks in the past year, killing almost 400, many will see his words as empty. translation: terror cannot intimidate us. we will intimidate terror. we will continue to fight against it. our biggest insurance is to see our people standing in solidarity and supporting our resolve. turkey now faces huge security threats. kurdish militants have bombed soldiers and police in a worsening
insurgency, recently targeting a football stadium in istanbul. and as turkish forces became more embroiled in syria, so—called islamic state have hit back, attacking istanbul airport, for example. since turkey launched a ground offensive against is and kurdish militias in syria, it is more vulnerable than ever. and so a scene that's becoming almost routine here. today they bid farewell to ayhan arik — a brother, husband, father. after driving tourists to the nightclub, he was gunned down outside. they grieved for him, and for a country they once called safe, as they're left to wonder — what has happened to turkey? mark lowen, bbc news, istanbul. we'll be returning to turkey later on in the programme. we will speak to a turkish
journalist. first the day's other news. a fire that broke out on a tourist ferry in indonesia has left 23 people dead and 17 missing. passengers jumped into the sea to save themselves as flames engulfed the boat, which was heading for a holiday island north of the capital, jakarta. officials believe a short circuit in a generator caused the fire. what is left of this express ferry. officials say it burst into flames shortly after setting sail from jakarta. more than 230 people were on board, heading to an island to celebrate the new year holiday. witnesses say a lot of passengers jumped into the sea. survivors were treated at a hospital injakarta, where relatives of the dead also gathered. translation: -- suddenly emerged, budgeting the cabin. everybody panicked and ran up to the date to
throw float into the water. if i became bigger. it was coming from where the fuel was stored. rescuers and investigators are continuing to search the boat with people still unaccounted for. the ship was carrying more than double the number of passengers listed on its manifest, according to a disaster agency spokesman. ferries are often overcrowded and poorly maintained in indonesia. see accidents are frequent. nevertheless, for a country made up of thousands of islands, it remains a key form of transport —— sea. also making news today: thick smog caused by air pollution in northern china has forced hundreds of flights to be cancelled and highways to be closed. the pollution is being blamed on an increase in coal burning, caused by the winter surge in demand for electricity and heating. 35 russian diplomats expelled from the united states by president obama have left the country. the plane carrying all the affected personnel and their families took off from virginia.
mr obama ordered the expulsion in response to alleged hacking during the recent presidential election. syrian activists say government forces have again bombarded a rebel—held area north—west of the capital, damascus. government aircraft are reported to have attacked wadi barada. opposition groups warned on saturday that they'd abandon the ceasefire brokered by russia and turkey three days ago unless the attacks were halted. you will recognise the iconic hollywood sign overlooking los angeles. look closely and you'll see pranksters have tampered with it to reflect california entering its first year in which marijuana is legal for adult recreational use. the letters now spell out ‘hollyweed'. los angeles police say they're investigating what they describe as "vandalism". thousands of protesters have taken to the streets of hong kong
demanding full democracy. they accuse the government of cracking down on pro—democracy legislators — and say beijing has interfered in hong kong's affairs. the bbc‘s helier cheung has more. it may be new year's day, but hong kong's purchases are not celebrating. instead, they might include hong kong streets calling for democratic reform —— protesters. they hold democracy marches every yearin they hold democracy marches every year in hong kong, but this time there is a new source of tension. these protesters a re there is a new source of tension. these protesters are furious that the government is trying to disqualify for democratically elected legislators. they also say beijing's recent interpretation of the basic law has undermined hong kong'sjudicial the basic law has undermined hong kong's judicial independence. the basic law has undermined hong kong'sjudicial independence. the government says the legislators gave a invalid oaths and should be
disqualified, but critics accuse the government of a political crackdown. translation: i voted for nathan moore. the government has the nerve to try to disqualify kim after he has already been sworn in. i feel furious about this and that i can't see time any more —— nathan law. if you are sitting at home you may as out and protest. translation: the government should not do that. why are they stirring up not do that. why are they stirring up so much trouble? they are just trying to do theirjobs. why is the government trying to destroy voices it doesn't agree with? this tops the legislators from doing theirjobs. hong kong's popular leader will step down next year. but protesters argue without democratic reform, there is no guarantee the next leader will be any better. we do notjust want to disqualify cy leung, but we are asking for a fundamental reform of
the system. public opinion in hong kong is split. some argue pro—democracy groups have not achieved anything and are distracting the government for more important issues. but these activists say they are determined to fight on. so hong kong is likely to see more protests over the coming year. here in the uk, the queen's daughter princess anne has said her mother is feeling better, after the monarch missed the traditional new year's day church service because of what is described as a "lingering heavy cold". queen elizabeth, who is 90, was also absent from the christmas day service. our royal correspondent, peter hunt, reports. for a second time during the holiday season, the royals headed to church. for a second time, the queen was a notable absentee. her 95—year—old husband, who's also been ill, did attend, and was described by one observer as "chipper". protected from rain and walking alongside her husband, anne, a princess in purple,
told someone in the crowd her mother was feeling better. during these security—conscious times, the windsors over christmas are an attraction for the dedicated, who, despite the weather, gather outside the sandringham church. once again, the 90—year—old monarch wasn't on display. a little bit disappointed because the queen wasn't there, but that is understandable at 90 years of age. she's in the best place, yes, and i wish her all the best for 2017. obviously, if she's not well, then you don't want to see her come out in this weather, do you, you know? at christmas, our attention is drawn to the birth of a baby some 2000 years ago. the queen, who recorded her christmas day message early in december, will not have taken the decision to miss church lightly — the supreme governor of the church of england has a deep personalfaith. but in her tenth decade, and on the advice of her doctor, the monarch is exercising caution in the face of a heavy cold she's had for nearly two weeks. the queen has been laid low and left feeling pretty miserable at the end
of yet another significant year in her long reign. as well as celebrating her landmark birthday, she's started to acknowledge her advancing age and reduce her workload. just last month, the queen severed her links to 25 organisations she'd been patron of for decades. palace officials insist the queen is up and about and she hasn't been to hospital or had tests. as head of state, she continues to deal with the government documents she receives. the queen is clearly doing all she can to get rid of a lingering cold, rather than make it worse. peter hunt, bbc news, buckingham palace. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme: police in cologne defend racially profiling new year's eve revellers at the site where hundreds of women were sexually assaulted by migrants a year ago. also on the programme: a burger as you've never seen it or tasted it before. how the bao and its creator are taking hong kong by storm.
the most ambitious financial and political change ever attempted has got underway with the introduction of the euro. tomorrow, in holland, we're gonna use money we picked up in belgium today, then we'll be in france, and again it'll be the same money. it has just got to be the way to go. george harrison, the former beatle, is recovering in hospital after being stabbed in his oxfordshire home. a 33—year—old man from liverpool is being interviewed by police on suspicion of attempted murder. i think it was good. just good? no, fantastic. that's better. this is newsday on the bbc.
i'm maiko oi in singapore. i'm kasia madera in london. our top stories: a huge manhunt continues in turkey for a gunman who opened fire on revellers celebrating the new year at an istanbul nightclub, killing at least 39 people. and a fire on board an indonesian ferry has left 23 people dead, with many others still missing. let's return to the new year's eve attack on a night club in istanbul. hundreds of people were killed in terror attacks across turkey in 2016. a short time ago i asked michael daventry, a london—based turkish journalist, just how much more the country can take. a very pertinent question. i mean,
by my accounts, if you go back to about the first ofjune 2015 and count all the bomb attacks that have happened since then, there have been dozens happened since then, there have been d oze ns of happened since then, there have been dozens of them. and well over 500 people had died. i mean, that is a person roughly every day. and that just really encapsulates turkey's security problem. and because it is coming from multiple points of view, you have islamic state, the so—called group, you have kurdish militants, you also have other groups that the government accuses of conducting terrorism within tu rkey‘s of conducting terrorism within turkey's borders, the question really is how long the country can cope with it. and the people... obviously there was a huge security presence for new year's eve in istanbul, in various cities in turkey. our people satisfied with what the government is doing?|j think what the government is doing?” think they are not. i was there a couple of months ago and there is a real feeling of everyone... couple of months ago and there is a realfeeling of everyone... ijust
feels grim and miserable. it is just not quite... it is clearly the government is unable to deliver security. partly it is geographical, because turkey is very close to syria, and it is hosting millions of refugees, and the turkish army is on manoeuvres within syria as we speak. but a lot of it is also to do with the way the civil society has reached in turkey, the state that it has reached. and it is very difficult now in turkey to ask awkward questions. and it is not just about journalists like awkward questions. and it is not just aboutjournalists like me or others who have been imprisoned, i'm talking aboutjudges, others who have been imprisoned, i'm talking about judges, we others who have been imprisoned, i'm talking aboutjudges, we are talking civil servants. you know, even junior people who work in the electricity department, for example. i really worried about questioning their superiors, because they fear for their jobs, their superiors, because they fear for theirjobs, or their liberty. their superiors, because they fear fortheirjobs, ortheir liberty. in countries that don't ask awkward questions are not countries that are going to lead a sustainable society. and michael, just briefly, if you could, is that directly following on from the coup, is that something that has been going throughout the increasing attacks? it is partly the
coup, i mean the coup has been a major event since the state of emergency was declared, and tens of thousands were kicked out of their jobs or arrested. at this process of creeping authoritarianism in the turkish government has been going on for many years. the coup has only just served to intensify it. 2016 saw the birth of the first three—person baby, a dangerous zika epidemic, and breakthroughs in a range of deadly diseases. all this week, bbc news is focusing on what the big global stories might be in 2017, and today we are focusing on health. hello, iam hello, i am the bbc‘s global health correspondent and these are the top global health stories to look out for in 2017. it is the biggest health crisis facing the world today. some of the drugs we have taken for granted to help us get over common infections are no longer working, partly because we have over use them. it means an estimated 700,000 people are dying from infections that are now hard or
impossible to treat. the world urgently needs new antibiotics to fight these so—called superbugs. the issue will continue to be higher than international agenda, with a powerful g20 countries due to discuss how best to deal with the crisis in germanyjuly. dealing with depression, or the black dog, as it is sometimes called. the world health organization will make getting people to talk about their depression and anxiety a top priority in 2017. in some countries, there isn't even a word for those conditions. that is despite them affecting around one in ten people. expect lots of campaigning in countries such as chile, ethiopia and sri lanka, as their governments work to improve access to mental health services, and also in high income countries where only half of those suffering with depression are actually getting any treatment. zika is no longer considered a global health emergency. that is what we we re health emergency. that is what we were told by the world health
organization at the end of last year. but the announcement came with a stark warning that zika is here to stay, and it remains a major threat to pregnant weapon. there are still many unknowns when it comes to zika, but there are high hopes that 2017 will be the year we get some urgently needed answers and tools to fight the virus —— women. scientists are working hard to come up with a vaccine to protect women of childbearing age. findings are also due to be published into how great the risk of zika actually is the newborn babies, which will help doctors advise mums to be. last year's new year's eve in the german city of cologne was marred by mass sexual assaults and attacks on women. immigrants and north—african men in particular were blamed for the attacks, but police were also criticised for failing to provide security. we returned to cologne one year on from the attacks. we saw a group of men being held back by police. responding to criticism of this tactic on social media, cologne's chief police officer has defended the move.
translation: we identified a large number of young men from north african countries. just in the city there were more than 1000. we examined these people on a large—scale, because examined these people on a la rge—scale, because recognise examined these people on a large—scale, because recognise the corresponding aggressive behaviour with them. this was about the fact that we have taken measures against dangers very early on. we identified a total of more than 650 people, and carried out a variety of risk responses. the owner of a burger restaurant has just won the title of best female chef in asia. may chow has taken hong kong by storm with her chinese—style buns and deep—fried dessert sandwiches. she gave the bbc a flavour of what her work is like. for the bao, i would definitely say
it isa for the bao, i would definitely say it is a chinese burger. if you define me, my food is exactly... i really chinese, or why do i sound so american, or what is this? and i would explain that the bao is exactly would explain that the bao is exa ctly m e. would explain that the bao is exactly me. really authentic chinese, but really authentic, you know, grew up in america, i understand, you know, all the cultures within that hemisphere, and then putting them together in an honest way. i asked my parents if i could go to cooking school and they were, like, no. because in chinese culture that is almost disrespectful to your family, for them to educate you for so long and you deciding to be, you know, an artist, musician or, you know, an artist, musician or, you know, that kind of creative path to
them is insecure. there is definitely that thing where you think why are they still giving? it is so archaic to give away best female chef award, ways and their best chef award? and in the sense it is true, but if you just see it from a positive light, it like domino. given any platform that allows you to speak to millions of people, that raises the awareness. for women, or even local chefs, to understand that we have come really far in the culinary field in asia, and i think sometimes when you talk about food and democracy, and people think in the us it is a given. in asia it is not. we are still fighting for it. i feel really hungry now. it is sometimes called the new year's day dip, an annual tradition in some parts of europe, diving, swimming or running into seas or rivers. as you can imagine, can be a little chilly in winter. among those taking part were divers
who jumped into the tiber river in rome, as part of a tradition that goes back to 19116, and thousands of people in the netherlands, who braved the cold coastline of the north sea. you have been watching newsday. stay with us, we will be looking at indian prime minister narendra modi's plans to help small and rural businesses, which he announced in his new year speech. there was a very public and embarrassing end to 2016 for mariah carey, who had a massive technical meltdown during her performance at the new year's eve party in new york. we can't hear, but i willjust get through, ok? as her hit song emotion started, the singer told the audience she couldn't hear, and looked
as if she was struggling with her earpiece. she also appeared to be lip—syncing at points throughout the performance, which was being watched by thousands in times square and millions on tv. the singer later told fans and critics that life does not always go as planned. hello. well, many of us had a bit of a wet new year's day, but that wet weather was due to a cold front. the cold front has cleared through, introducing much chillier ever much clearer, sunny conditions as well for many of us today. a distinctly chilly start to the date. some ice around after yesterday's rain, so watch out for that, could be quite slippery especially across the north and east, where we have some wintry showers, in actualfact. so it is not dry everywhere but the majority there will be blue skies as step out first thing in the morning, this is nine a.m.. a lovely start to the date if you were a few layers, that is, across most of wales and northern ireland. some of those wintry showers still peppering some northern areas of the province. the snow settling on the highest ground
in northern ireland, and down to quite low levels, actually, across the north of scotland. so yes, it could be an icy start here. but for the central belt south with should be largely clear and sunny. some showers, wintry showers, will be taking away at the north—east coast of england. a few making it inland. but the most of us, actually, it will be a dry start to the day with a lot of sunshine. a bit of patchy cloud, perhaps, filtering down across east anglia but it should stay largely dry here. further west, the temperatures close to freezing. so asi the temperatures close to freezing. so as i mentioned, watch out for one or two slippery surfaces. but it should be dry and stay dry to the majority of us as we go through the day. the wintry showers continue across the north of scotland. i think the snow will tend to turn back to rant at lower levels at least, and most other places will stay fine. still some showers down the east coast of england, and maybe one or two filtering through the irish sea eventually into the some north—western coast of england. cold feeling day, despite all that sunshine. temperatures much, much lower than they have been for the
last couple of days in many places, so three to five degrees will be typical. we soon going to frost across the southern half of the uk, and there could well be some slippery surfaces, so watch out for those. if anything, though, temperatures will recover further north with increasing cloud, and a much milder wind pushing into the north—west, carrying some showers principally to the west of scotland. so the different sort of day here as we go through tuesday, a lot more cloud around. some showery rain for a time, on a stiff old breeze, especially across the north of scotland. some of this cloud will filter its way down across england and wales, but bar the odd shower, actually, still plenty of dry weather with some sunshine across the small southern and eastern areas. after that chilly start, temperatures slow to recover, but didn't your mac degree or so higher than they will be today. but on wednesday we see some cold air coming back in again particularly for the war northern and eastern areas, the best of the sunshine further south and west, we will hold onto a bit more cloud. iam i am kasia madera with bbc world news. a huge manhunt continues in turkey for a gunman who opened fire
on new year's eve revellers at an istanbul nightclub. the first funerals have ta ken istanbul nightclub. the first funerals have taken place for some of the 39 victims. most of those killed were foreign nationals from countries including israel, jimmy shere, france, belgium and saudi arabia. —— tunisia. 23 have died after a ferry caught fire off the coast of indonesia. this story is trending online. a prankster has tampered with the iconic hollywood sign overlooking los angeles. it comes sign overlooking los angeles. it co m es after sign overlooking los angeles. it comes after voters in the state approved the use of marijuana for aduu approved the use of marijuana for adult recreational use. that is all from me. stay with us here on bbc world news. goodbye. now on bbc news, it is time for reporters.