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tv   Reporters  BBC News  January 10, 2017 3:30am-4:01am GMT

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son—in—law, jared kushner, as a senior white house adviser. democrats immediately called for a review of the appointment. mr trump's team argued that a law barring governmentjobs being given to relatives does not apply to white house positions. more than 30 people have died as a cold snap from the arctic circle takes hold in central and eastern europe. temperatures dropped to as little as —30 degree celsius. charities are concerned for refugees crossing the continent on foot or living in informal settlements. brazil's government is defending its plan to build dozens of huge hydro—electric dams. it argues the project will boost the economy and provide clean energy. environmentalists say the plan is a disaster for the amazon and will actually result in more deforestation and global warming. stay with us. coming us next, reporters. hello and welcome to reporters.
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i'm karin giannone. from here in the world's newsroom, we send out correspondents to bring you the best stories from across the globe. in this week's programme, inside istanbul's reina nightclub. mark lowen gets exclusive access to the scene of turkey's new year's eve terror attack, in which 39 people died. the owners of reina say they will reopen the nightclub. it's a sign of the defiant mood here. on the front line of yemen's civil war. nawal al—maghafi joins government troops as they try to recapture the capital sa na'a from rebel forces. translation: people are lost, but at least land is liberated. the rebels are retreating on a daily basis. the bright lights of atlantic city, which failed to really shine.
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nick bryant asks what the project tells us about donald trump's business track record. so when he says he can make america great again? i don't think so. my wound was slight and i was hobbling back, then a shell burst, slick upon the duck boards. 100 years on, robert hall remembers the battle of passchendaele, one of the first world war‘s bloodiest. and the power of vinyl. david sillito finds out why, in the era of streaming and downloads, records are making a comeback. but not everyone is convinced. it's like a pizza. that's huge. that's something that goes round in a circle. it was a shocking attack, marking a bloody end to a year which saw turkey repeatedly targeted by so—called islamic state. as people celebrated the new year at one of istanbul's most popular nightclubs, a lone gunman opened fire, killing 39 people.
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dozens more were injured in the attack, which is said they carried out. as police hunted for the gunman, mark lowen was the only foreign journalist allowed into the club, reina, where the attack took place, and sent this report. days ago, this place was full ofjoy, of life, of celebration. today, reina nightclub is a crime scene, scarred by terror. we were the only british media allowed in, briefly. a rare glimpse of where 39 people were killed on new year's eve. imagine the horror as 180 bullets were sprayed here. people jumping into the freezing bosphorus to escape. the owners of reina say they will reopen the nightclub. it's a sign of the defiant mood here. yes, people are sombre, yes, they are fearful,
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but turks have lived with the terror threat for decades, albeit on a smaller scale, and they are determined not to let it defeat them. watch the right—hand side of this footage from the attack. a manjumps over a low fence outside the nightclub to avoid the bullets. then the gunman runs up to the door, shooting his way into reina. that man on the right of the video was nightclub manager ali unal, who had a miraculous escape. translation: i felt bullets explode next to me. i threw myself over the fence, tripped and fell. the bullets were centimetres over my head. when i fell, he must have thought he had hit me, so he went inside and i heard the terrible sounds. the suspect still hasn't been caught. new pictures show him at the bus station in the central city of konya, before travelling to istanbul.
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so—called islamic state called him their brave soldier. the turkish authorities have given no more information about him. raids in part of istanbul from where he is thought to have travelled to the nightclub. no arrests were made. security is being tightened amid fears is could strike again here, in revenge for turkey's operations against the group in syria. there have, though, been others detained, including two foreigners at istanbul airport. it's not clear what link, if any, they are thought to have had with the attack. those tired of terror went to the scene of the massacre. a quiet commemoration. tributes were laid and thoughts gathered about how their country can rebuild, and how the next generation can regain a sense of safety. i don't want to cry anymore, while i'm watching the news. it makes me really sad. and i don't want my daughter
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to grow up in this kind of environment, you know? with this news on the background and everything. i want her to be happy. and so a nervous wait to see if those who protect this country are really closing in on the man who brought horror to new year's eve. mark lowen, bbc news, istanbul. now to the shifting front lines of the war in yemen. houthi rebels, thought to be backed by iran, captured the capital sana'a two years ago. since then, pro—government forces backed by a saudi—led air campaign have been trying to take it back. the army says the rebels have planted thousands of landmines along the route towards the city and many civilians are getting caught in the conflict. nawal al—maghafi has been granted access to the front line of the yemeni army's battle for sana'a. this is where the battle to retake the capital begins. the mountains ahead are all that stand between the army and the capture of sana'a. their commander is taking us high up into the front line positions.
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he tells me the terrain makes it a naturalfortress for the houthi rebels and his men are always exposed to death. it's the first time an international broadcaster has visited these areas. the army are just a0 miles from the capital. but the closer they push into the mountains, the harder the fight becomes. translation: everyday we make some progress. we attack and we retake land. people are lost, but at least land is liberated. the rebels are retreating on a daily basis. but both sides have reached a stalemate. despite arms and air support from the saudi—led coalition, these fighters from the national army haven't made any major gains. and as they fight for ground, the situation in yemen has deteriorated drastically.
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as the front lines shift, landmines have been left behind. the army say that the houthi rebels have planted tens of thousands of them in both military and civilian areas. the scale of the problem makes yemen one of the worst affected countries in the world. despite a lack of training, the army say they've defused over 30,000 mines in the past year alone. the locals in this area say all their farmland was mined. this is one of the areas that the houthis had control of as they were trying to take over. the national army and the people then pushed them out, and as they were doing so, the houthis planted landmines scattered all over these fields. this man and his family fled once the fighting started. they thought it was safe to return to their home. translation: my wife was praying here in the room and my son
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and daughter were sitting with her. they had lunch and my son asked my wife to pass him a blanket. as she pulled the blanket there was a huge explosion. the mine planted in his home killed his wife, 22—year—old son and eight—year—old daughter. it hurts to remember what happened, he says. we just want to forget. the houthis strongly deny the use of landmines in civilian areas. they say they only target military vehicles and accused the coalition of planting their own mines. regardless of who is responsible, the prospect for a lasting solution remains distant, and the yemeni people stuck in the middle continue to pay the price. nawal al—maghafi, bbc news, yemen. it was once billed as the eighth wonder of the world, a city meant to match the glitz of las vegas. in the 1980s, donald trump promised to make atlantic city great again.
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but his companies there went into bankruptcy and now 30 years later many of his casinos have closed down. as mr trump prepares to take over as us president in two weeks' time, nick bryant has been to atlantic city to find out what its fortunes say about his track record in business. donald trump promised to make atlantic city great again. in the 19805 he opened a string of casinos to make it an east coast rival to las vegas. the trump taj mahal, he boasted, would become the eighth wonder of the world. but it's decay rather than decadence that greets you now. we are at the centre of the trump taj mahal. local guide levi fox runs a trump tour, telling the story of how the billionaire's companies went into bankruptcy here four times. he did never achieve his promises, and it makes me wonder
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whether he could achieve that for america, although at this point we all hope that he can. his old casino empire was opened with vintage champagne and vintage trump showmanship. he took michaeljackson on a guided tour. but the city never did come to rival las vegas. he got out of town seven years ago. since then he's taken action to have his name removed from his old casinos, fearing perhaps they'd be seen as monuments of failure. i think he was one of the causes of atlantic city being the way it is today. from his boardwalk buggy, freddy isaac watched his rise and fall. in the beginning he was doing good, and then later on, put it like this, if you have four casinos in atlantic city and now you have none, what does that tell you? so when he says he can make america great again? i don't think so. things that got so bad here that the state of newjersey took over the city to save it from bankruptcy. even the pawn shops aren't doing much business,
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because people here have little left to pawn. inside we met a building contractor, danny mcmahon. trump's years in atlantic city, he says, offered proof that all that glistens isn't gold. trump used to run this city. i used to watch him not pay his bills and screw everybody over, and pay a penny on the dollars and take them to court, and i understand that businessman aspect of it. but you're screwing the little man. two years ago we interviewed donald trump about atlantic city, and he blamed its decline on local politicians and the fact that he left town. i decided years ago to get out, and it was a good decision. but it's a decision very interestingly that coincides with when atlantic city started going down. but i still have a warm spot in my heart for atlantic city, because i did great there for a long time. but does atlantic city still have a warm spot for him?
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the verdict was delivered on election day, where here they voted for hillary clinton. nick bryant, bbc news, newjersey. the religious divisions in northern ireland pervade its education system. the overwhelming majority of pupils go to schools based on religious denomination. but now, as part of a push to encourage joint education between protestants and catholics, one of the biggest school campuses in britain is being built in county tyrone. as chris buckler reports, the sharing of facilities on one site is seen as a way of breaking down barriers in divided communities. in northern ireland there is a clear divide in education. more than 90% of pupils are taught separately in what are broadly seen as protestant and catholic schools. there are many who believe that only reinforces the idea of two distinct communities in the one place. but now there's a push to bring schools a little closer together. obviously there is division
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between protestants and catholics, but obviously now we're looking to the future. these pupils are from some of the six schools that will soon sit side—by—side on omagh‘s first shared education campus. it will make a big difference, especially when you're closer to them. where i'm from there is not as much from other backgrounds. the six different schools will have separate buildings on a 140 acre site. this land housed an army base during the many years of violence in northern ireland. the notorious omagh bombing happened just a mile away from where the school campus is being built. shared education is part of attempts to create what the politicians call a shared future, and escape those decades of division. there are even proposals for schools that will share the same building. the difference will be that whenever
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protestant and catholic pupils walk in, they'll be wearing different uniforms and one group will turn left and the other will turn right, to be taught in their different wings of the building. there are people who believe that only reinforces differences in identity. they want integrated education. that's when catholic and protestant pupils are taught together. i think shared education is helping, but i think integrated education is the actual ultimate aim that our education system should be working towards. but the vast majority of parents in northern ireland still choose to send their children to protestant or catholic schools. what our school offers is a separate experience, a separate identity, a separate tradition, within that faith—based environment. this is a unique opportunity to bring us all onto one campus so that we still maintain our own identity and ethos, but have that ability to share when we need to share. arvalee recently became the first school to open on the strule campus. it's for pupils with learning difficulties, and it's hoped
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the relationships will be developed with its eventual neighbours too, but the true test for this project won't be how close the school is physically to each other, but how close the pupils feel. chris buckler, bbc news, omagh. one of africa's great lakes, lake victoria, is running out of fish. its stocks have fallen significantly over the years, forcing fishermen whose livelihoods once depended on it to look for alternative means of survival. more and more of them are now digging up ponds by the lake to farm fish. the bbc‘s anne soy has been to western kenya on the edge of lake victoria to find out more. the look of disappointment. after more than eight hours on the lake, this is all these fishermen could catch. these women, who have been waiting all day to buy and take the fish
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to the market, aren't happy either. many of them will have to go away empty—handed. over the last decade and a half, the amount of fish caught on the kenyan side of the lake has fallen from 200,000 tonnes a year tojust 28,000. there are two major reasons. one is pollution, in terms of effluents, especially from the lake region. another reason is the issue of usage of inappropriate fishing gears and fishing methods. the lake has also been choking from the invasion of this weed, the water hyacinth. the water hyacinth is being blown back onto the water behind me and in a matter of hours it will have completely covered this part of the lake. its movement is unpredictable, but for fishermen they'd have to constantly look for accessible landing sites. that threatens their source of livelihood, so they've been forced to look for alternative means of survival. fishing for us in the family is a culture. this man says he comes
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from a long line of fishermen, but he was forced to sell his boats three years ago. he teamed up with other former fishermen to invest in these ponds. they have nearly 10,000 fish here. it's not something that's easy for most of us, because we're not used to management of fish. we're to going and harvesting. but now i have to pick up this, and i must say that it's something that's a good experience for me. unlike capture fishing, where they get money from their catch every day, now they have to put in capital and manage the ponds for around eight months before harvesting the fish. this water culture expert says most african fish farmers are ill—equipped for the trade. there are big problems in africa, which is not unique to us. we are part of africa. one is the quality seeds, quality feeds, quality and practical information, then of course there's the capital and the agreement. the farmers also have a lot to learn from this investment,
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which has grown from capital of less than $10,000 in 2010 to more than $1 million today. the cultural shift seems unstoppable. now more and more women arejoining the trade. traditionally fishing was the preserve of men. a majority of them still eke a living out of the lake, but as the winds of change continue to blow, a growing number of them are being pushed ashore into fish farming. anne soy, bbc news. let's go back 100 years now to one of the bloodiest and the mightiest battles of the first world war. more than 325,000 allied troops and 260,000 german soldiers were killed in three months of fighting at passchendaele. to honour those who fell and to mark its 100th anniversary this year, two special events will be held in the belgian town of ypres injuly, where much of the fighting took place. robert hall has been there to see how they are preparing for the commemorations.
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"my wound was slight and i was hobbling back, and then a shell burst, slick upon the duck boards, so i fell into the bottomless mud and lost the light." "there was not a sign of life of any sort, not a bird, not even a rat or blade of grass." the words of those who tried to sum up the hell of passchendaele. three months, when more than half a million men died. three months, when the allied army fought an enemy, the mud and the cold, to gain a few miles of ground. a century ago, ypres was under siege.
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the roads leading north climbed steadily to the german lines which overlooked the allies on three sides. after the war, the british made this sanitised documentary about the battle. tales of personal heroism, to distract from the ghastly reality. the reality of uphill advances, a sucking quagmire and the horrors of machine guns and gas. this year's commemorations will be focused in ypres, a city rebuilt from total destruction. there will be a series of events built around remembrance and the need to help visitors understand what happened here. steve armand oversees cemeteries across belgium. he says passchendaele holds a particular resonance. as you walk through the cemeteries, you actually see the headstones and see the dates, particular dates on the headstones, and there's so many of them at times in one single day, or a month, and it's sometimes unbelievable that things like that happened.
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the last post sounds. on a freezing night under the menin gate, the bugles sound for the fallen once again. passchendaele is burnt into ypres's turbulent history. passchendaele is the loss of a lot of lives for us, a lot of people that we commemorate, day after day. and we want to continue the message that the last post hasn't forgotten. this summer's commemorations will be a partnership with the city whose people have never forgotten. robert hall, bbc news. now, we've had take that, the backstreet boys, led zeppelin and fleetwood mac, but now it is vinyl making a comeback in the music industry. sales of vinyl records are at their highest for 25 years, with a new generation of collectors buying albums. even if they have no plans to play them. streaming sites are still the preferred method of listening
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to music, but for some you can't beat the purity of listening to a record. david sillito reports now on the vinyl revival. music plays led zep ii. a classic album. for phil barton of sister ray records, there is no debate. musicjust sounds better when it comes on a 12—inch disc. but as a business it's been tough. however, things have begun to change. ten years ago, i'd have given you the keys to the shop and said, look, i can't make any money out of this. so i didn't realise this stuff was still going to be hanging around. david bowie was the biggest seller last year. prince was also in the top ten, along with amy winehouse, fleetwood mac and the beatles. over the last ten years, sales have grown by 1500%. however, a recent survey found that nearly half,
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48%, were never played. of course it's worth putting this into some sort of context, because imagine that each of these records represents a million sales. the bpi says if you add in streaming, digital downloads, cds, about 123 million albums were sold last year. the number of vinyl albums sold last year — 3 million. but both are dwarfed by the real music titan — streaming. streaming is a totally different beast. 45 billion streams, it's at the other end of the spectrum. it's not really recorded music in the physicalformat as we know it. but it is felt that streaming can help younger listeners to eventually try the hard stuff. quite a lot of people at uni buy vinyls. do they? yes. they do, don't they? they do. in the inner sleeve here...
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however, for some, this was an entirely new experience. it's massive, look at it! what's that, 12 inches? it's like... like a pizza. it's like a pizza. that's the thing that goes round, the circle. the spinning thing. you really have never touched or handled this ever before? no. it's a first. even drake, the world's most streamed artist, has now issued his back catalogue on vinyl, after discovering they were being bootlegged. but for most fans ofjustin bieber and the other kings of streaming, this way of listening is ancient history. david sillito, bbc news. it's that crackling sound we love, you just can't beat it. that is all from reporters for this week. from me, karin giannone, goodbye for now. good morning.
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there's certainly some chilly and wintry weather on the way but today, it will get that bit milder as we go through the day. lots of clouds spilling in from the west after what will be a cooler start than recent mornings. even a touch of frost and ice around in southern and eastern parts of england with clearer skies at the end of the night. start the day with sunshine, a much brighter day than we have seen for the past few. in the west, already patchy rain and drizzle and a bit of a breeze across devon and cornwell and west wales. a bit of rain pushing into northern england, mainly to the west of the pennines, going through the night. the further north we go, a blustery start and strong winds through the night in northern scotland. already here, the cloud is spilling in. western scotland and northern ireland, occasional rain. cloudy conditions with occasional rain and drizzle in the west, pushing its way eastward. winds strengthening throughout across the northern half of the county, gales
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in particular to the north—east. temperatures steadily on the rise. by the end of the day, into double figures in the west but a bit cooler further east. it sets us into a mild enough start through the night with a bit of cloud but strong winds and severe gales spreading across the north of scotland through the night. the wind is picking up elsewhere as we go into wednesday morning. a weakening weather front works its way southwards. temperatures into double figures overnight in the far south. notice we are starting to open the door to arctic air. into wednesday, not only will it get colder but we will have strong winds to contend with. bear that in mind if you are on the move on wednesday. wind gusting 50—60 mph through parts of wales and northwards. frequent showers in the north and west turning into sleet and snow as the colder air digs in. slowly getting colder across the south but temperatures still holding up by the afternoon, 7—9. plenty of cloud and one or two rain showers. the big change comes into thursday. open the door to arctic air. this little feature, pushing in to the south as we go through the day. how far north that goes, it will be crucial as to whether we see any snow into
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thursday across southern counties. at the moment, it will stay in the english channel, mainly rain, but maybe a bit of snow. frequent snow showers across northern and western parts of the country, giving coverage to some places. eastern areas, dry and brighter. one or two flurries. for all, the wind will be noticeable, makeing it feel subzero, a real arctic blast with a bitter wind chill. the cold winds continue into friday. again, we will see snow flurries work their way southwards. at this stage, we have to be careful of severe gales down the north sea. here we can see some rough seas around the coast as well. bye for now. a very warm welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to our viewers in north america and around the globe. my name's gavin grey. our top stories: keeping it in the family. jared kushner is to be appointed as a senior adviser when the incoming president enters the white house. and as he prepares to leave the white house, we look at obama's legacy as america's first african american president. europe's deep freeze.
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temperatures plummet and icy conditions bring misery to millions. and building brazil's mega—dams. we visit the amazon rainforest to assess the impact from one of the world's biggest civil engineering projects.
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