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tv   BBC News  BBC News  January 16, 2017 5:00am-5:31am GMT

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hello, you are watching bbc world news. i'm adnan nawaz. our top story this hour: the president—elect speaks out in a wide—ranging interview. donald trump talks about smart trade, not free trade, how brexit could be a great thing, the migrant crisis, and a possible us nuclear deal with russia. welcome to the programme. our other main stories this hour: horrific details have emerged of the violence in brazil's alcacuz prison. 26 prisoners were killed by fellow inmates. many had been decapitated. from a cage in south korea to a home in the west, how rescuers are trying to stop dogs being farmed for meat. i'm sally bundock. in business: sterling is sinking against the us dollar, on reports theresa may is opting for a hard brexit. and we take you to silicon valley, to find out what the world's biggest
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players in technology are doing to get ready for the trump presidency. but first: just days before taking over at the white house, donald trump has been giving details of his foreign policy goals in an interview with british and german newspapers the times and bild. the president—elect has promised a quick trade deal with britain, and criticised angela merkel‘s policy on refugees. he said the german chancellor had made a catastrophic mistake when she threw open germany's borders to hundreds of thousands of migrants. the president—elect also raised the possibility of a deal with russia. he said he would reverse sanctions in return for moscow substantially reducing its arsenal of nuclear weapons. he reiterated his campaign message that he wanted to get the us a fairer deal within the nato alliance. he described it as an obsolete organisation, and argued that many of the countries the us had signed up to protect did not
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pay theirfair share. simon clemison has more. still at his desk, at the heart of his business empire, but then again, donald trump is striking trade deals. well, sort of. here is the president—elect on the uk, post—brexit. obama said they'll go to the back of the line, meaning if it does happen, and then he had to retract. that was a bad statement. in other words, we're at the front of the cue? i think you're doing great. yeah. i think it's going great. not quite signing on the dotted line yet. but, for theresa may, who wants to make ensure britain can find agreements to buy and sell worldwide after leaving the eu, he is talking turkey. i thought the uk was so smart in getting out. i think brexit is going to end up being a great thing. countries want their own identities
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and the uk wanted its own identity. but i do believe this. if they hadn't been forced to take in all of the refugees, so many, with all the problems it entails, i think you wouldn't have a brexit. the times newspaper, which is publishing the interview, quotes mr trump as saying that the new administration will work hard to get a deal with the uk done quickly, but no arrangements can be made while britain is still negotiating its exit from the eu. a boost for the prime minister, maybe. but then, mr trump also says angela merkel is the most important eu leader, although he is highly critical of the german chancellor's handling of the migrant crisis. i felt she was a great, great leader. i think she made one very catastrophic mistake, and that was taking all these illegals, you know, taking all the people, from wherever they come from. and nobody really knows where they come from. and this he is how he would have stopped the mass movement across the continent.
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i think we should have built safe zones in syria. it would have been a lot less expensive. get the gulf states to pay for them, who aren't coming through. i mean, they're not — they've got money that nobody has. we run it, they run it. it would have been a lot less expensive than the drama and germany is going through. it is a wide—ranging interview, conducted by the former justice secretary and leave campaigner michael gove, and a representative of bild newspaper. mr trump had these comments on one of his most controversial policies, free trade, and how america is losing out to china. the problem is the united states is always taken advantage of. yes. we have a hundreds of billions of dollars of trade deficits with china. i love free trade, but it has to be smart trade, so i call it fair trade. so i say to the people, do you want a conservative, or do you want somebody who is going to make great deals.
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they are all screaming, "great deals, great deals." they don't care. very soon he will be leaving this office for the oval office, and then the attention will be on what he does notjust what he says. simon clemison, bbc news. sally is here with more on what trump had to say about trade. yes, thanks adnan. in addition to his interview with the times, the us president—elect spoke with the german newspaper bild. here, mr trump threatened bmw with a 35% border tax for cars manufactured in mexico. last week the german carmaker said it was committed to its plans to open up a new factory in san luis potosi, despite mr trump's persistent warnings. earlier this month, ford abandoned its proposals to invest $1.6 billion in a new production plant in mexico. fiat—chrysler changing its mind on that. tomorrow the uk prime minister is expected
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to give a speech outlining the country's plans to leave the european union. reports suggest theresa may will seek to prioritise the control of migration over access to the single market, so—called hard brexit. this has caused a fall in the pound. to the dollar, pound versus the euro overnight, during asian trading time it has a further i% overnight, during asian trading time it has a further 1% versus the dollar. so we are keeping a close eye on that as we assess how that speech will go down this week. staying with the us and donald trump, and we assess how the vast us technology industry is preparing for the new president. it forms a huge part of the us economy, accounting forjust over 7% of the value of goods and services produced there in 2016. our technology correspondent rory cellan—jones has been to san francisco to find out what the tech sector thinks of mr trump's policies.
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i will be back with all of that and all the other business stories. i am on twitter, i will see you in about 25 minutes. the head of a south korean conglomerate has been requested a south korean prosecutors who held overnight on thursday for questioning in ongoing political corruption scandal that has engulfed south korea, which has led to the impeachment of president park, and her future very impeachment of president park, and herfuture very much impeachment of president park, and her future very much in doubt, impeachment of president park, and herfuture very much in doubt, she having offered already to step down. but the head of south korea's biggest conglomerates, his arrest has been requested. we will bring you more on that as we have it.
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the turkish parliament has given preliminary approval to a new constitution that will considerably enhance the powers of the president. the final articles were passed late on sunday, with the governing ak party gaining the necessary majority. there will be a second round of voting later this week. campaigners say the wealth gap between the richest and poorest people is much wider than previously acknowledged. the charity oxfam says the top eight richest people on the planet have as much money as 3.6 billion of the world's poorest. it has called for action to address what it calls a warped economy, ahead of this week's world economic forum in davos. northern ireland's devolved government is set to collapse today, after sinn fein again insisted it would not replace martin mcguinness as deputy first minister. under the power—sharing system, his resignation a week ago also removed the first minister, the democratic unionist arlene foster. elections will be called unless there is an unexpected breakthrough. police in brazil now say 26 people were killed in a prison in the city of natal, during shocking violence that broke out overnight during the weekend.
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the clashes between rival gangs was brought under control early on sunday, after police stormed the prison. catriona renton reports. chaos as prisoners climbed on the roof. the riots started on saturday afternoon. it is thought members of one of brazil's powerful criminal gangs attacked their rivals, who were in a separate wing. translation: they waited for visiting hours to end, and the moment they were returning to their cells, they all went to the pavilion at the same time. the police tried to stop them, but the prisoners outnumbered them, and they were able to break through. families of some of those inside gathered outside, hearing reports of what was happening. translation: i've heard that my husband was hit on the head by a rock, and is dead. translation: i came to find out if he is alive or dead. always, when i came to visit,
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he said there would be a rebellion, that wing 5 wanted to invade wing 4. he was always saying, mother, i am afraid. the situation was brought under control after police surrounded the prison and raided it on sunday. prisoners can be seen here being led away. they appear to have been stripped to ensure they are unarmed. prison officials said some of those who were killed in the riot had been decapitated. it is unclear if any police officers or prison staff were harmed. it has been reported that the prisoners who led the riot have been identified. this prison is overcrowded. designed to hold around 600 inmates, it now has more than 1,000. this is the third major riot in brazil's jails since the beginning of this year. nearly 100 prisoners died during rebellions in two other states.
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the escalation in the amount of violence this year has put pressure on the brazilian government. it has announced plans to build five more high—securityjails, and to create new intelligence units to try to curb the power of gangs. the white flag of surrender flies from the prison. order has been restored here now. new zealand's new prime minister says he will continue to champion a major asia—pacific trade deal. bill english has been speaking to lucy hockings, in one of his first major interviews since taking office. he said the trade deal was still alive, despite donald trump's vow to withdraw from the trans—pacific partnership on his first day in office. for a small, open economy, trade's our lifeblood. and, despite some of the politics around trade, we're firm advocates of being an open economy, getting more free trade deals. that's what lifts incomes on both ends of the deals. what is the future for tpp? is it dead in the water? well, look, these large, complex agreements never go in a straight line.
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so we will continue to advocate both the deal itself, but also for us engagement in the asia—pacific. that's so important to us, and to the region. so in time we'll see how the us policy position works out. but we remain optimistic that, in the asia—pacific, we'd be better off with the deal, better off with us engagement. but can you have a deal without the us? because donald trump has signalled that the us will not be a signatory now. i think that has yet to be seen. for many of the signatories, the us was the prize. for us there is also japan, as another large economy. so we'lljust have to see how that plays out. what do you think of donald trump's leadership style, what you have seen from him so far? well, it's certainly changing things. it's got attention. but, you know it's really a matterfor the us, as a democracy,
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to work out what they want, where they wanted to go. we have a long—standing relationship and friendship with the us, and we believe they'll continue to be a powerful economy, a big influence in our region, and we'll work with them. what about this relationship, though, that he seems to be building up with china? it has been quite antagonistic. i think, from our point of view, having a good relationship with both of them, but certainly historically a closer relationship with the us, we've always anticipated that as china emerged as a strong, a large and strong economy, that there's bound to be pressures of some sort. now, it's in everyone's interests, in the future, as it has been, you know, in the last ten years or so, that the us and china find ways of resolving their differences. fundamentally, because their own populations have benefited so much from each other‘s economic strength. would you go and have a game of golf with donald trump?
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i mean, are you looking forward to meeting the man? i am not quite good enough at golf. but i would hope to meet him at some stage. i suspect new zealand is low down on the list, but in the meantime we'll continue to work with the us. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: viola davis has won a golden globe for her performance in fences. can she add an oscar? we have a special interview. day one of operation desert storm to force the iraqis out of kuwait has seen the most intense air attacks since the second world war. tobacco is america's oldest industry, and it's one of its biggest, but the industry is nervous of this report. this may tend to make people want to stop smoking cigarettes. there is not a street that is unaffected. huge parts of kobe were simply
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demolished as buildings crashed into one another. this woman said she'd been given no help and no advice by the authorities. she stood outside the ruins of her business. tens of thousands of black children in south africa have taken advantage of laws, passed by the country's new multiracial government, and enrolled at formerly white schools. tonight sees the 9,610th performance of her long—running play, the mousetrap. when they heard about her death today, the management considered whether to cancel tonight's performance, but agatha christie would have been the last person to want such a thing. this is bbc world news. i'm adnan nawaz. the latest headlines: donald trump has outlined his foreign policy priorities in a newspaper interview. he talks about smart trade, not free trade, how brexit could be "a great thing", are and a possible nuclear deal with russia. horrific details have emerged of the violence in brazil's alcacuz prison.
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26 prisoners were killed by fellow inmates, many had been decapitated. a cargo plane has crashed killing at least 32 people. it was en route from istanbul in turkey and came down near the capital. we have some of the latest images from the scene of the latest images from the scene of the latest images from the scene of the parish. rescue workers say in the dead include three workers and several residents of the village where the plane came down. we're still getting details and we will keep you up—to—date. the last few days has seen the outgoing obama administration make apparent inroads to key bilateral cooperation with cuba after scrapping the controversial ‘wet—foot, dry—foot‘ policy. but president—elect, donald trump has already appointed a well—known supporter of the us economic embargo to his transition team and there are plenty of people, especially in miami, urging him to go in the opposite direction on the thaw with cuba.
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so, will trump reverse obama's cuba legacy? will grant reports from havana. it has been a tumultuous few weeks in cuba. this annual military parade to mark the launch of the cuban revolution were supposed to be held in december. following the death of its founding father, fidel castro, the event was moved to the new year. still, in the absence of castro the message remains the same. the island will not divert from the political course charted by a communist leaders for decades. just under one year ago president barack obama made history in cuba. since then he described the floor as irreversible. some analysts agree that no matter what comes next, the point of no return between the old enemies has been reached. i think we have gone
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past the reversibility. you may stop it, you may make it slow work, it is already slow so it is difficult to make its lower, but it is difficult to break diplomatic relations with cuba. the obama administration has reached deals with cuba to protect a shared maritime resource and to protect the immigration rules. that policy granted cu ban protect the immigration rules. that policy granted cuban people residents in the united states without a visa. the early signs are that donald trump will have a very different kind of relationship with cuba. he has appointed a well—known supporter of the us economic embargo to his treasury team and in the hours after fidel castro's that he described him as a brutal dictator. not something the cuban government will forget in a hurry. of course
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there are plenty who want mr trump to ta ke there are plenty who want mr trump to take a hard line with cuba. among them, a group of former diplomats who have called on the new president to roll back the rapprochement. he did everything without referring to congress, by executive order, by the reinterpreting law. we think that was wrong and illegal. we would like to speak to the new administration on each of the —— items that he changed. one of the early highlights of the floor with cuba was the minister these musicians gave a masterclass to young cubans. some fear such collaboration could dry up on the mrtrump. fear such collaboration could dry up on the mr trump. if so, the cuban hardliners who did not trust president obama may get what many believe they want in donald trump. the return of the goliath to their david. eating dog meat is not uncommon in parts of east asia.
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western campaigners trying to disrupt the trade in animals many people in the world consider to be household pets have been involved in mass rescues. one operation is currently happening in south korea — 200 animals have started their journey from a dog—farm to new homes in britain and north america. steve evans reports from south korea. destined for the butcher's block until now, in cages in the bitter cold, excrement below, their lives would have been short, with a violent end. but now, the dogs are going to new homes in north america and britain. eating dog is part of the culture of much of east asia, but a western charity has persuaded the korean farmer to close the farm. will the brutalised dogs adapt to life in suburban homes? i think what's incredible about these dogs, from our experience of re—homing over 500
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dogs now from south korea, is just how forgiving they are. and it is an amazing success rate on — once you get the dogs off the dog meat farms, out of the environment, how they transform, and become the dogs that we all know and love. but aren't westerners just being hypocritical, telling others to do what they don't do themselves? there are about 200 dogs on this farm. it is not a big farm, by any means. now, westerners often object to eating these animals. then they go off and have steak, and pork, and lamb. what's the difference? hello. this dog market has long been a target of western activists. outside, dogs for slaughter. inside the shops, vats where traditional potions
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are brewed, with dog as an ingredient. the owner told me westerners are hypocritical. translation: koreans have been eating dog meat throughout history. dogs are bred as pets in the west, but we have consumed dogs because of health properties. but tastes are changing, and as south koreans become more prosperous, younger people turn away from traditional foods like dog. instead of the plate, these two dogs are now heading for britain. will they be happy? in sport, manchester united and liverpool drew 1—1 with the oscars taking place at the end of next month, one film tipped to do well is ‘fences'. it's directed by denzel washington and based on a pulitzer prize winning play. it tells the story of an african—american family dealing with racial tensions and a troubled past. viola davis has already won a golden globe for her performance,
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and she's been speaking to our arts editor, will gompertz. i've been right hear with here, troy. i need a life too. i've given 18 years of my life to stand in the same spot as you. emotions are running high in august wilson's powerful 1960s family drama, fences. —— emotions are running high in august wilson's powerful 1950s family drama fences. denzel washington is the unfaithful troy, viola davis, his heartbroken wife rose. as emotional as it is, i always want to reiterate to people that it does require technique, a certain level of control, even in the lack of control of it. it's notjust something that comes naturally, it's not like i was just playing myself and just remembering a time in my life when someone did the same thing to me. rose told me... tell them what you told me, rose. i told him if he wasn't the marrying kind, then move out the way so the marrying kind could find me. you've talked a lot about your experience as an actress and the sort of roles you get given, and that the roles tend to be limited because of your colour.
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do you think that producers, directors, hollywood are opening up to giving more interesting roles? they're opening up because they're being forced to open up, america is changing. the ethnic make—up of america is changing, and people are desperate to see their own images. the brady bunch isn't working any more. and there are so many actors of colour who are now in the position of saying, "i want to be the change, i'm refusing to go back, i want to be redefined." ain't nobody going to hold his hand when he gets out there in the world. times have changed, troy. people change. the world changes, and you can't even see it. there's every chance that you're going to get an oscar for this movie. you go up on stage, you have the golden statue — you have one billion people to talk to, what are you going to say? the people that i would forget to thank are my mom and dad, because first of all august wilson
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wrote about people like my mom and dad, who were born in 1936, 1943 respectively, injim crow south, sharecropper home, fifth and eighth grade education, people who really are invisible. and those very much were the people whose dreams were their children. whether she wins an oscar or not, i'm guessing viola davis has already fulfilled her parents' dreams. will gompertz, bbc news. finally we will show you a close escape that was caught on camera. this is the czech republic. there is an indoor hockey event taking place and you can see people running for the accident because the net comes down and then, slowly, we caught a glimpse and the roof starts to
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collapse. it is slowly going. hello there, good morning. we've got a weather front draped across the united kingdom to start the day today. from the north—east of scotland all the way down to the south—west of england. either side of that we've got largely dry conditions and quite a range in those temperatures. a chilly start to the day hovering a degree above freezing in norwich. and nine degrees the further west you go. there could be mist and fog go with a chilly start apart from that it go with a chilly start apart from thatitis go with a chilly start apart from that it is a drug picture here. further west and we run into thick cloud and rain to the midlands. further west again largely dry across cornwall. mana 10 degrees to start the day at a whole lot of cloud for the central and western parts of wales. a great start to the day in the north—west of england with low cloud on the hills and patchy rain and is largely dry but cloudy and start the day in northern ireland. western scotland also
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cloudy and mild with nine degrees in glasgow. had further east and we have more rain than we had in parts of aberdeen. that rain extends to the north—west of england although to be eased it is on the chilly. in hull, three orfour to be eased it is on the chilly. in hull, three or four degrees. to be eased it is on the chilly. in hull, three orfour degrees. the rain is not move too far too quickly. it becomes wider and more patchy as we go on into the afternoon. a little bit of bright weather at times on either side of the main area of rain, just five or six degrees for norwich and london but we reach 10 degrees quite widely in the west. through the evening the rain becomes light and patchy and thenit rain becomes light and patchy and then it will fizzle out. rain west of scotla nd then it will fizzle out. rain west of scotland dressed in down into the north of england, a touch of frost first thing tuesday. a lot of cloud elsewhere, patchy rain in north england and in the midlands. again, the range interpreters, four, five, six degrees. had further west and we should be in double figures. as we
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go through tuesday night into wednesday, yes, patchy rain for north england and north midlands, wales. as we get a wednesday afternoon again we will see range and those temperatures from the south—east will be around five or six degrees are relatively chilly. mines and tends to the north and west. on to thursday it is a quiet day with a lot of cloud. a little patchy rain and drizzle but a lot of dry weather. this is bbc world news. the headlines: donald trump has outlined his foreign policy priorities in an interview with a british and a german newspaper. he talks about smart trade, not free trade, how brexit could be a great thing, and a possible nuclear deal with russia. the special prosecutor in south korea is seeking an arrest warrant for the head of the samsung group. jy lee is accused of bribery. it is alleged the company paid millions of dollars to foundations backed by a friend of president park geun—hye. horrific details have emerged from brazil of the violence
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in the alcacuz prison, in the city of natal. authorities say at least 26 prisoners were killed by fellow inmates from a rival criminal faction. many had been decapitated. kyrgyzstan said at least 32 people, including six children, were killed when a cargo plane crashed near bishkek airport.
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