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tv   BBC News at Ten  BBC News  January 17, 2017 10:00pm-10:31pm GMT

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this is bbc news. the prime minister spells out her strategic goals for taking britain out of the european union. mrs may says britain will leave the single market, seek now trade agreements and control immigration. while i am sure a positive agreement can be reached, i am equally clear that no deal for britain is better than a bad dealfor britain. the rising price of fuel and food is a factor in driving inflation to the highest level in two—and—a—half years. in one of his last acts in office president obama commutes the prison sentence of chelsea manning, who passed classified files to wikileaks. good evening.
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the prime minister has set out her vision for britain's place in the world after it leaves the european union. in herfirst major speech on brexit since taking office, mrs may emphasised a dozen objectives including a stronger britain, a nation in charge of its own laws, in control of immigration and pursuing free trade possibly as part of a customs agreement with other nations. and she confirmed that the uk would not remain in the eu's single market. we are leaving the european union
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but we are not leaving europe, and thatis but we are not leaving europe, and that is why we seek a new and equal partnership between an independent self—governing global britain and oui’ self—governing global britain and our friends self—governing global britain and ourfriends and self—governing global britain and our friends and allies in the eu. not partial ownership of the european union, associate membership of the european union or anything that leaves us half in, half out. we do not seek to adopt a model held by other countries. we do not seek to hold onto other bits of membership as we leave. the united kingdom is leaving the european union, and my job is to get the right deal for britain as we do. the prime minister also said that no deal is better than a bad deal on the uk's withdrawal from the european than a bad deal on the uk's withdrawalfrom the european union. while i am confident that this scenario need never arise, while i am sure a positive agreement can be reached, i am equally clear that no
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dealfor britain is better than a bad dealfor britain. because we would still be able to trade with europe. we will still be free to strike trade deals across the world. and we will have the freedom to set competitive tax rates and brace policies that would attract the world's best companies and biggest investors to britain. she added that her government's objectives are consistent with the needs of the eu and the member state. our objectives include a proposed free trade agreement between britain and the european union and expressly ruled out when the ship of the eu single market. because when the eu leaders say they believe the four freedoms of the single market are indivisible, we respect that position. when the 27 member states say they want to continue their journey inside the european union,
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we not only respect that fact, but support it, occurs we do not want to undermined the single market. and we do not want to undermine the european union. we want the eu to be a su ccess european union. we want the eu to be a success and we european union. we want the eu to be a success and we want european union. we want the eu to be a success and we want it to remain member states to prosper. and of course we want the same for britain. there will be full analysis and much more detail on that speech speech now join huw edwards with the ten o'clock news. tonight at ten, the prime minister spells out her strategic goals for taking britain out of the european union. in a long—awaited speech, mrs may says britain will leave the single market, seek now trade agreements and control immigration. the single market, seek new trade agreements and control immigration. while i am sure a positive agreement can be reached, i am equally clear that no deal for britain is better than a bad dealfor britain.
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parliament will get a vote on the final brexit deal. labour says mrs may's approach involves enormous dangers. if all her optimism of a deal with the european union didn't work, we would move into a low tax corporate taxation, bargain basement economy. and an equally unenthusiastic response at the european parliament from the chief brexit negotiator. it creates an illusion, the illusion that you can go out of the single market, that you can go out of the customs union and that you can cherry—pick, that you can still have a number of advantages. in scotland, where voters backed remain, the first minister said a second independence referendum was still on the cards. i am not prepared for scotland to be taken down a path that i firmly believe is going to be damaging. we will have detail and reaction and be asking business leaders for their response.
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also tonight. the rising price of fuel and food is a factor in driving inflation to the highest level in two—and—a—half years. and, sir simon rattle talks to us about his plans for the london symphony orchestra. good evening. the prime minister has set out her vision for britain's place in the world after it leaves the european union. the vision rested on 12 objectives and theresa may declared that no deal would be better than a bad deal. the main announcement today
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was that the uk would be leaving the european single market with the aim of negotiating a free trade agreement instead. the prime minister said this would deliver control over immigration from eu countries. and she said the final brexit deal would be subject to a vote by both houses of parliament. tonight we'll have the detail and the reaction and we start with our political editor laura kuenssberg. good morning. what's the plan? on her way. have you got a plan? on our way out, notjust out of the european union... are we going to get a detailed plan? theresa may gathered ministers and ambassadors too. to confirm finally, we will leave behind the way the country has made its living for decades. applause. as a priority, we will pursue a bold and ambitious free trade agreement with the european union.
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this agreement should allow for the freest possible trade in goods and services between britain and the eu's member states. it should give british companies the maximum freedom to trade with and operate within european markets, and let european businesses do the same in britain. but i want to be clear — what i am proposing cannot mean membership of the single market. privately, ministers had talked of preserving some parts of the special club, the market of hundreds of millions where our businesses can buy and sell without barriers. remainers had pushed her, but she believes it can't be done, because the rules of the single market come with unlimited eu immigration. the message from the public, before and during the referendum campaign, was clear — brexit must mean control of the number of people who come to britain from europe, and that is what we will deliver. our customs arrangements,
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how we trade over borders, will change too, but no final decision on how. her clear hope, though, is that the uk will not pay billions to the eu each year. there may be some specific programmes in which we might want to participate. if so, and this will be for us to decide, it is reasonable we should make an appropriate contribution, but the principle is clear: the days of britain making vast contributions to the eu every year will end. 27 other countries will decide if her plans are an ambitious wish list or a fantasy. yet most dramatically, if after two years of talks negotiations stall, she and her team are willing to walk away. britain wants to remain a good friend and neighbour to europe, yet i know there are some voices calling for a punitive deal that punishes britain and discourages other countries from taking the same path.
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britain would not, indeed, we could not, accept such an approach. while i am confident that this scenario need never arise, while i am sure a positive agreement can be reached, i am equally clear that no deal for britain is better than a bad dealfor britain. thank you. but remember, the prime minister never wanted to leave. during the referendum campaign, you said plainly that you believed if we left the eu and the single market, the country, its families and citizens, would be worse off. now, either you have changed your mind, or, as prime minister, you have made a decision that you believe will leave the country and its citizens poorer — which is it? all the economic indicators have been more positive than people had predicted. it is only earlier this week that the imf confirmed we were the fastest growing economy last year. and what i am talking about today
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is the country coming together and looking for that brighter future as a global britain. did the brexit backers in the cabinet get the upper hand? it was an excellent speech, it was optimistic, confident, and it set out our responsibilities in a global context. this wasn't an inward looking, purely european speech. it is negotiable, this is something that i think will be good for the uk and for the rest of the eu as well. why should they allow us to have our cake and eat it? as the prime minister said, it will be good for both sides. do you think what she set out is achievable? we shall have to see. not exactly nodding along, either, the other parties across the uk. the political consequences of theresa may's choices are unclear. i think we have to have a deal that ensures we have access to the market,
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that we have british jobs dependent on that market, that is what we will be pushing for. whether it is specifically this form of single market, i don't know. she seems to want to have her cake and eat it. to wave the white flag across the cliffs of dover, as theresa may has done, and give up on what's best for britian is an insult and damaging to britain's future and is also a theft of democracy. and don't doubt, a uk outside the single market brings the chance for scottish voters to choose independence closer. i will not allow scotland's interests to be steam rollered because a choice is emerging here. do we want to be taken down a path that we didn't vote for and is against all of our interests or do we want to take control of our own future? and that is a choice that i think scotland has the right to make. parliament was told today they will get a vote on the final deal but it is plain the prime minister believes the country has delivered a clear verdict and she has made her mind up, drawn her big conclusions.
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her dilemmas now are persuading a continent what she wants is possible and those who voted to stay in the eu that it is even desirable. but this is really only the start of a long process. much will change. concern and criticism won't fade away. the scale of what we decided, how it will change our country and all our lives is still fully to emerge. laura kuenssberg, bbc news, westminster. as we've heard, one of the prime minister's most significant announcements was the plan to leave the european single market of around 500 million consumers and the plan to leave the eu customs union, the system which allows goods to move between countries without attracting tariffs. our correspondent james landale is here with his analysis of what that could mean for trade in future. the single market is the beating heart of the european union, the trading arrangement that binds the economic club together.
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every eu country is a full member of the club. norway, iceland, liechtenstein and switzerland are partial members. and they all believe that if they get rid of barriers to trade and allow goods, services, money and workers to move freely across their borders, then their economies will grow. to make this happen, they agree common trading rules, so a widget made in greece is the same as a widget made in spain. and they set up a european court ofjustice to make sure everybody follows the rules. supporters say the single market helps british companies flourish, like this engineering firm in bristol by making it easierfor them to export their goods and employ people from across the eu. i think there's an obvious risk for us outside of the single market, we increasingly trade with europe. i think any change in the customs regime is probably going to make us uncompetitive. but opponents say the single market imposes unnecessary red
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tape on british firms, like this nappy manufacturer in northampton. it gives too much power to eu judges and allows in too many migrant workers. the owner of this firm says the opportunities outside are greater. i think, primarily, we can't remain part of the single market because we want to go out and do our trade deals with countries outside the eu and that's very exciting for companies such as ours. so to help make that happen, theresa may wants britain to have instead the greatest possible access to the single market, particularly for british cars, lorries and financial services and to get that, by negotiating a new free trade deal with the eu. if she can, and if they're willing. and what about the so—called customs union that mrs may referred to? this is the arrangement under which european governments impose no tariffs or import taxes on goods
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traded within the eu but they do agree to charge the same tariffs on goods being imported into any part of the union. now the prime minister said she didn't want britain to be bound by this anymore. she wants britain instead to be able to set its own tariffs and negotiate its own trade deals with the rest of the world. she said she would accept some kind of customs arrangement with the eu so trade was frictionless. and if there is no deal, british firms could end up paying tariffs they don't pay now. so this is what the prime minister wants. all she has to do now is get the rest of the eu to agree and that's far from certain. i havejust skated over the surface of what are some pretty important issues. you can read a lot more in detail on the bbc news website and the bbc reality check‘s assessment of how any deal might work. business leaders are still divided on the implications of brexit but most of them today seemed to welcome some new clarity
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from the prime minister on the government's goals. theresa may promised that changes to immigration, customs and regulation would be phased in, to avoid disruption. some of britain's most prominent business leaders are at world economic forum in davos, in switzerland. our business correspondent simon jack has been talking to some of them. there's nothing like a bit of mountain air to give you clarity. business leaders gathered here in switzerland were watching the prime minister today for exactly that. so did they get it? i think what we learn from the prime minister's speech today was clarity first of all, really codified what many of us had been anticipating since the referendum result, particularly around the single market. i think what we've also seen today is the government's willingness to put a bit of edge into the negotiating dynamic, and i think that makes a lot of sense. trade negotiations are negotiations, and you have to lay out and you have to be pretty tough to get what you want. for some the uncertainty is still too great. lloyd's of london, the insurance market, has a ready decided to move
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some business to europe. we've still got to pursue a subsidiary in the eu for post—brexit world, meaning that we can still serve our customers and policyholders in those european union countries. so, no ifs, no buts, no single market. clarity, yes. desired outcome? not for everyone. and with the continuing question mark over whether we are a partial member of the customs union, many will say it takes a continent to build a car and if there are hold—ups at the border that could be bad news. and the car industry gave mps its version of clarity on the consequences of not getting a good trade deal. the cars that we import, and remember we import about 80% of the vehicles we sell in the uk, that would add about £2.7 billion, or about £1,500 per car sold. financial markets were watching closely, too. suddenly the pound rocketed against the dollar at the very
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moment the prime minister offered mps a chance to vote on any final deal. markets making one last bet that brexit could still be derailed. even some of the business world staunchest remainers weren't fooled and are now resigned to knuckling down to the political reality. most businesses are trying to move forward positively, and accepting the result of the referendum. trying to make sure the complexity of this is well understood and we take the steps both in government and business to deal with this and minimise the impacts of this very compact process. the government shed some light on its priority, but business knows we are still in the foothills of a massive undertaking. simonjack, bbc news, davos. the main brexit negotiator for the european parliament, guy verhofstadt, has warned that it's an illusion to think britain will be allowed to keep the advantages of trade with the european union without accepting the obligations. our correspondent damian grammaticas has been assessing the reaction among members of the european parliament in strasbourg.
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he wasn't commenting, butjean—claude juncker, and his commissioners were today listening to theresa may — keen to hear her vision for brexit. the response from the european parliament's chief negotiator — it doesn't add up. it creates also an illusion that you can go out of the single market, that you can go out of the customs union and that you can cherry—pick and have still a number of advantages. and, yeah, i think that will not happen. the eu today was busy with its own affairs, electing a new president of the european parliament. many here are sceptical the uk can get all it wants in a special trade and customs deal. we will all love to have a europe a la carte! it is a ridiculous idea, but this is serious, we have a lot of countries here, a lot
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of people and we have to take care of everybody and this is not, you know, a europe a la carte. outside, an italian school group on an eu tour. quitting the single market and shunning its freedom of movement will — some believe — be a painful process for the uk. something — they say — theresa may did not address. i expect many businesses from the uk to move to europe. i expect also some financial companies providing services from the city will also move to europe. so there will be some significant losses. theresa may hasn't mentioned a word about these potential costs and potential losses. as for the threat mrs may may walk away, choosing no deal if she isn't satisfied — that hasn't gone down well, even with the uk's closest neighbours. no deal will also be bad for the united kingdom. so it it isn't as if they hold all the cards. the united kingdom will look after its own interests.
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we will look after ours. and here today one mep summed up reactions to me, saying he thought theresa may was overselling to the british people both what she could achieve in trade deals with other countries and how much access she would get to the single market. damian grammaticas, bbc news, strasbourg. the prime minister claimed today that she wanted to act in the interests of all parts of the uk and said the devolved administrations should be fully engaged in the process of brexit. but how was that viewed in glasgow, cardiff and belfast? let's start with our scotland editor sarah smith. well nicola sturgeon responded to theresa may's speech today by saying she thinks it has increased the chances that there may be a second referendum on scottish independence. he said the uk was heading for a ha rd he said the uk was heading for a
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hard brexit that could be cat catastrophic. last year nicola sturgeon presented the prime minister with a paper outlining how she believes scotland could stay in the single market. but they would need the consent of the uk government and nicola sturgeon said she doesn't believe theresa may is taking that seriously. so that is why she says although a majority in scotla nd why she says although a majority in scotland according to the opinion polls don't favour independence, nonetheless she thinks the prospect ofa nonetheless she thinks the prospect of a second vote is now more likely. northern ireland is the part of uk most exposed to fallout from brexit, because it shares a board we are the irish republic. theresa may was quick to point out there would be no return to the borders of past and said the common travel area would be preserved. but questions remain and one key question is this — the uk wants to limit and control immigration from the eu. but how would that be possible if ireland
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has an open border? and if the uk steps outside the customs union, won't that lead to a hard board border with customs posts. wales voted to leave, but some concerns today, particularly in areas like manufacturing and farming, still very strong in wales and reliant on the eu. the first minister has a problem, he has called for full access to the single market, today's announcement won't make that any easier. he knows that and that is why he has said he thinks are going in the wrong direction and there is the question of politic leverage, if he complains too much, people in westminster will say they're
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delivering what the people in wales voted for which is brexit. thank you. as we've heard, the prime minister acknowledged that last year's referendum campaign had been divisive, but insisted that people were coming together. we sent our correspondent jeremy cooke to see how those on different sides of the argument had responded to today's speech. boston, an ancient english town a changing landscape. on the bus, plenty of support for the prime minister's speech. the brexit vote here was 75%. more than one in ten people here are eu migrants. we want that cutting definitely. what effect has it had on town? this town? it's killed it. is it worth paying to come out of the single market to control immigration?” come out of the single market to control immigration? i think so yes. you have got to control it. at the
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boston bodies hub it is 60s dance work out. the project is largely eu—funded, but most here voted brexit. many worried about levels of immigration. it has got too much fiow. immigration. it has got too much now. we may lose trade from europe. what do you think about that trade off? the trade off i think will be worth it, because britain's big enough to take care of itself.|j think britain could cope. your confident? yes it is great britain and europe needs us. outside the agricultural heartland and many crops being prepared today will need migrant workers to pick and to process. within the industry we need labour and without it we will starve. what would you say to theresa may in terms of what you need as an industry? i hope she will allow labour to be filled in the
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farming industry. these works are essential? yes. they are absolutely essential. an hour's drive and we are on the the banks of the trent. here they voted 57% to remain in the eu. at this cafe, a different view of the speech. i voted remain. and i was quite surprised by the outcome of the vote, but theresa may has outlined what the country voted for, which is brexit. and i think we need clear leadership to make sure that is what happens. 5 clear leadership to make sure that is what happens. s s. not everyone is what happens. s s. not everyone is as relaxed. we don't realise how bad it is. do you think we are clearer about what brexit means? no. noi clearer about what brexit means? no. no i don't. her message was the same — brexit means brexit. but we still don't really know... what it means! for the prime minister then, brexit remains the greatest of political
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challenges. in this still divided nation. j our political editor laura kuenssberg is at westminster. more clarity on the goals, but surely all of these are still just aspirations until the talks take place? yes, we didn't get chapter and verse on what our new immigration system will look like outside the eu. theresa may said she still had an open mind over how we deal with customs and trade over the borders. so there is a lot still to be decided and argued over over a process that will take years, not months. but the bold, brush strokes we re months. but the bold, brush strokes were there, explicitly for the first time. and it is a reminder to those who see theresa may as being caution and mistake that for being meek. but the real rub is whether or not she
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is being hopelessly optimistic. is this all a delusion, or is she being clear ahead of a complicated dip low mattedic dance —— diplomatic dance. but that will be a process of negotiation with 27 other countries. we are outnumbered in the negotiations and there is scepticism around the continent over whether what she has promised
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