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tv   Outside Source  BBC News  January 18, 2017 9:00pm-9:31pm GMT

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hello, i'm ros atkins. this is outside source. we'll begin in washington where barack obama we'll begin in washington where ba rack obama has just we'll begin in washington where barack obama has just finished his final press conference as president. inevitably, he was asked about his successoi’. inevitably, he was asked about his successor. i don't expect there is going to be you know, enormous overla p. going to be you know, enormous overlap. the british foreign secretary boris johnson overlap. the british foreign secretary borisjohnson warns eu leaders not to give the uk punishment beatings over brexit like a world war ii movie. we've had a response from the top of the eu, theresa may's announcement that the uk will leave the single market. thousands of tourists are leaving the gambia because of an ever worsening political crisis. in theory the new president will be inaugurated tomorrow. it's not going to happen as the man who lost the election is refusing to go. we'll talk to the us journalist who campaigned to get the cia to put millions of documents online, which
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they've now done. and frank gardner on donald trump and the nuclear codes. barack obama ba rack obama has just barack obama has just finished his last press conference as president. there was plenty to discuss within it. we'll work through the main points with the help of katty kay. here is the president talking about russia. in my first term we negotiated the start two treaty which has substantially reduced our nuclear stockpiles, both russia and the united states. i was prepared to go further, i told president putin i was prepared to go further. they have been unwilling to negotiate. if president—elect trump is able to restart those talks in a serious way, there remains a lot of room for oui’ way, there remains a lot of room for
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our countries to reduce our stockpiles. part of the reason we've been successful on our nonproliferation agenda and nuclear security agenda is because we were leading by example. i hope that continues. let's bring in katty kay from washington. a few years ago there was lots of talk about resetting the relationship with russia. hasn't really worked out as planned, has it? no. relations are not good at the moment. obama administration officials would tell you they are not good at the moment. people here are slightly bewildered by what will happen next with donald trump and his new tone towards vladimir putin. i've heard two m essa 9 es vladimir putin. i've heard two messages from the obama administration people, one is what the president was saying. we can and have worked with russia on certain issues, the iran nuclear dealfor example. we cooperated with the russians on that and got a successful outcome. the other message to donald trump in
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particular from the obama people is vladimir putin's interest to know not to line up with american interest that the moment and if you think you can get them on the same page you are kidding yourself, treat this relationship very carefully. that's effectively what you're hearing from the president and his staff. so many elements of this press c0 nfe re nce staff. so many elements of this press conference to discuss. let's hear what president obama said as he defended his decision which we got this time yesterday that he has commuted chelsea manning's sentence for leaking documents to wikileaks. given she went to trial, that due process was carried out, that she took responsibility for her crime, that the sentence she received was very disproportional, disproportionate, relative to what other leakers had received... and
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that she had served a significant amount of time, that it made sense to commute, not pardon, her sentence. does the fact this has happened right at the end of the obama presidency take the sting out of the controversy? no, there has been a firestorm of reaction from conservatives to the commutation of chelsea manning's sentence, indeed, president obama's secretary of defence, ashgabat, we understand was not in favour of this, nor were people at the pentagon. if you commute sentences of people who lea ked commute sentences of people who leaked classified information, you are encouraging others to do the same thing, they think, and the president was wrong to take this action. in the press conference obama saidi action. in the press conference obama said i don't think anybody who is thinking of leaking is going to look at chelsea manning who has spent seven years in an american prison and think this is a piece of ca ke prison and think this is a piece of cake and decide to do the same thing. he's trying to say, she
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served her time, being apologetic, this is not edward snowden, the sentence was disproportionate and other people will look at her and say, actually, there was a strong punishment here. that won't satisfy conservatives. it was inevitable chelsea manning would come up and inevitable russia would come up, and of course, inevitable, barack obama was asked about donald trump. my working assumption is that, having won an election opposed to a number of my initiatives on certain aspects of my initiatives on certain aspects of my initiatives on certain aspects of my vision for where the country needs to go, it is appropriate for him to go forward with his vision and his values. and i don't expect there is going to be, you know, enormous overlap. maybe a little
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understatement. katty, i know donald trump and mrobama understatement. katty, i know donald trump and mr obama have such different styles but some of his supporters frustrated he's not speaking more frankly, more pointedly about donald trump? i'm not hearing that, i'm not hearing president obama's supporters think this is the moment, the appropriate moment for him to be massively critical. what obama did say in the press co nfe re nces , critical. what obama did say in the press conferences, look, if there are individual issues on which i really feel donald trump is taking the wrong action, for example, deporting the children of illegal immigrant is from the us, buttler children brought here by their pa rents, children brought here by their parents, then i will speak out. he's not saying he's not going to say anything, but i think is going to choose his moment carefully. this press co nfe re nce was choose his moment carefully. this press conference was fascinating because it really was an example of no drama obama and one of the most memorable moment in the press conference was when he said, listen, i've always taught my daughter is
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the only thing that is the end of the only thing that is the end of the world is the end of the world. this is not the end of the world, this is a transition of power in the us, part of the democratic process. it's right and expected donald trump will implement his own policies even ifi will implement his own policies even if i don't agree with them. that was the tone, quite philosophical but quite calm look at the situation in america today. one more click to play you. this is mr obama talking about the prospect of leaving office and what the future may hold. about the prospect of leaving office and what the future may holdlj about the prospect of leaving office and what the future may hold. i want to do some writing, i want to be quiet little bit, not tear myself talk so much. i want to spend precious time with my girls. so those are my priorities this year. this is the last press conference mr obama will be holding. he's had eight years in office. he's talked
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about how he has reshaped america, how he has hope he is reshaped america. what do you think will be his lasting legacy? that's a big question. in 90 seconds, that would be great. listen, he's always going to be remembered even though he perhaps didn't want to be, as america's first black president, it's part of his biography. he will go down as the person who stopped america falling off the financial cliff in 2008. proving a negative. but things could have been a lot worse than they were. he spoke out consistently in favour, as he did today, of gay rights and minority rights. you can quibble with how much he has done on those issues, and there have been feeling failings. obamacare is not particularly popular, he didn't get faron gun particularly popular, he didn't get far on gun control. he leaves office with a 58% approval rating, not bad for two term president in a very
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divided country. i think americans will look back with respect for president obama and his time in office, if nothing else, for the fa ct office, if nothing else, for the fact he was their eight years in the fishbowl, not a single scandal out of the obama white house. that's not bad. you did it, i didn't doubt you would. you will be back for viewers outside the uk after outside source. we're going to come back to america across the hour because donald trump will be president in two days. we must turn to an ever more serious situation in the gambia because tensions are increasing. this is a small country in west africa and the whole crisis stems from the presidential election last year. two men are at the heart of this. this is adama barrow. it seems unlikely he will become prime minister on thursday because because recurrent
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president jammeh doesn't accept the result. he has parliament to extend his term by three months. if you wa nt his term by three months. if you want a measure of how serious the situation is, we have a number of other west african nations saying they are ready to use military force to re m ove they are ready to use military force to remove him. senegalese forces we re to remove him. senegalese forces were told to # we're # we're are # we're are already # we're are already on # we're are already on the # we're are already on the border. we are ours from that deadline and there seems no prospect of a political solution. what this has meant is that thousands of gambians have been fleeing, they are concerned about violence, tourists are being evacuated. our correspondent can bring us up to date. since the state of emergency was announced on tuesday, gambians are fleeing anywhere they can. crowding
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onto boats and roads to neighbouring countries and rural areas. the national assembly announced it will allow the president to stay in office three more months. foreign tourists some advice to leave immediately with extra flights coming into the capital to take them home. things have moved quickly since the announcement and the atmosphere in the gambia is uncertain. tourists are leaving, not as they came, not as they had anticipated. in the hotel everything was ok, yes. but now when we go from the hotel, to the airport, we see all the people leaving. all the buses, they take all... even the people in gambia they are very, very scared. it's for our family that we go home. behind me is the national stadium of the gambia, the planned venue for the inauguration on thursday of adama barrow as the country's next president. president jammeh has declared a state of
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emergency, some of the measures include the banning of large gatherings of such proportions. it remains to be seen what will happen here on thursday. yesterday the lead story was uk prime minister theresa may's speech on brexit and her vision for it. today the uk foreign secretary boris johnson vision for it. today the uk foreign secretary borisjohnson said this while on a visit to india... if mr hollande wants to administer punishment beatings, to anybody who chooses to escape in the manner of some sort of world war ii movie, i don't think that it is the way forward. i think actually it's not in the interest of our friends and our partners. diplomatic correspondent james landale has posted an excellent piece online, you can get it on the apple now. he quotes a european diplomat who says for that clown to compare rest of the nazis, that hurts. it'll not be forgotten. most of the reaction we've had today has been to do with
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a speech by theresa may. we've heard from two big beasts of the eu. donald tusk, the european council president... yesterday's speech by prime minister theresa may proves the unified position of 27 member states on the indivisibility of the single market was finally understood and accepted by london. it would be good if our partners also understood that there will be no place for pick and choose tactics in our future negotiations. at the same time, i wa nt to negotiations. at the same time, i want to underline that we took note of the warm and balanced words of prime minister may on european integration, which we are much closer to the narrative of winston churchill than president—elect
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donald trump. next is jean-claude juncker, president of the european commission. a fair deal is still valid, we need the fair deal we've written, fair means equal obligations for everyone taking part. ina obligations for everyone taking part. in a kind of internal market. we'll see this in the course of the next coming months. must remember the extensive background on brexit on the bbc news website. we'll talk about the cia deciding to declassify 13 million documents and post them online. we'll hear from a journalist to fall for that to happen and spent plenty of time examining what's on these records. a disabled man has partially won a supreme court case over a dispute over a wheelchair space on a bus,
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drivers will have to do more to accommodate wheelchair users. doug pauley from yorkshire brought his case after he was refused entry to a first group bus in 2012 when a mother with a pushchair refused to move. he and his supporters say the ruling will make a major difference. imean, i'm ruling will make a major difference. i mean, i'm aware some people won't be pleased. it's not gone as far as some people would like. it's gone too farfor some people would like. it's gone too far for people, but in the end this is about disabled people's right to access, to travel on the bus. and hopefully today has been at least a step in the right direction. i feel it'll create a cultural shift, that's what they said in court, so people will be aware of the fact the wheelchair area for wheelchair users and they should ta ke wheelchair users and they should take priority. our lead story comes from
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washington. in the final news conference of his presidency barack obama has defended his decision to free wikileaks source chelsea manning. we can turn to some of the main stories from bbc world service. from bbc arabic the iraqi army says it is preparing military operations to retake western mosul. the last pa rt to retake western mosul. the last part of the city which is held by the islamic state group. bbc ukrainian reports a baby has been born to a previously infertile couple in ukraine using a new type of 3—person ivf. doctors used a method called pro—nuclear transfer in what is a world first. there is a moth and donald trump. a new species has been named after the president—elect. the scientist who took this decision, a canadian, says he was inspired by the striking golden flakes covering the moth‘s head. asi
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as i was mentioning a couple of minutes ago, about 30 million pages of declassified documents from the us central intelligence agency have been released and put online. you can been released and put online. you ca n a ccess been released and put online. you can access them if you are minded to and search them. they are on the cia library website. records include intelligence briefings ufo sightings, psychic experiments, they even detail how the cia tested the celebrity psychic uri geller in 1973. lots of you watching on bbc news channel will know of him very well. one test is a person would draw a picture in one room, such as this, then uri geller would draw a picture themselves in another room. 0bviously picture themselves in another room. obviously you can see they are reasonably close. the conclusion those behind the experiment came to was he demonstrated his paranormal perceptual ability in a convincing and unambiguous manner. lots of other people have since concluded he was merely a very good magician. that a separate discussion but the
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cia spent time on the issue. it has explained the release of these documents in terms of a commitment to increasing the accessibility of declassified records to the public. it also follows a long campaign for this to happen and mike best is a journalist who has been involved in that and joins us from the us. do you applaud what the cia has done? i'm glad they finally followed through and made the documents available to everyone. unfortunately they also decided to make the document is no longer text searchable so it is a bit of a mixed bag. why do you think they have published these documents? do you buy the argument it is a commitment to greater transparency? i'm quite sceptical of that. they had to be sued into agreeing to release it in the first place, they said it would ta ke 28 the first place, they said it would take 28 years. eventually they were forced out to say it would take six
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yea rs. forced out to say it would take six years. it was only after i began using their own ink and paper to print out the documents and scan them that they went ahead and decided, we're going to go ahead and released them. it'll save us time and money. we're quite pleased the digital copies are finally available to people everywhere. what did these documents have in common? what connects them? its millions of pages, about 775,000 documents. what connects them is the central intelligence agency. they are all into five years or older. that is the declassification review cycle. you spent all this time campaigning to see them, now you can see them in more detail than before. have you discovered things you didn't imagine you would see? fortu nately fortunately i'm more familiar with
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them than most people are but there are quitea them than most people are but there are quite a few surprises in there and things relevant to almost anyone's interest. if it's anything at all historical belated, genealogist and scientists will be interested , genealogist and scientists will be interested, as will cartographers. notjust military interested, as will cartographers. not just military and interested, as will cartographers. notjust military and national intelligence history. can you give one example of something you found of particular interest to you? there was one cia memo which accused the nsa director and secretary of defence of creating the css, military branch of the nsa, to "be an abortion". it put into the context of declassified nsa documents gives the strong impression the whole section was sabotaged so the nsa director would get a promotion. it's based off the cia memo making that accusation is a
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high level. this huge cache of declassified documents posted online by the cia, if you can see it, you can find it on the cia library website. we are two days away from the presidency of donald trump and on trade we've heard some very clear pointers of what is to come. wilbur ross has been taking questions at his confirmation hearing and inevitably he was asked about the free trade deal between mexico, canada and the us, that donald trump really doesn't like. here is the a nswer we really doesn't like. here is the answer we heard. president-elect has made no secret in his public remarks, nor have i in earlier remarks, nor have i in earlier remarks, during the campaign. that nafta is logically the first thing for us to deal with. we ought to solidify relationships in the best way we can in our own territory
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before we go off to other jurisdictions. i think that should be and hopefully will be, if i'm confirmed, a very very early topic in this administration. michelle, in new york, what are the practicalities of america renegotiating all exiting nafta ? i've been talking to various trade experts and on the point of law, can president trump repeal nafta, the a nswer president trump repeal nafta, the answer is yes. we're starting to hear the globe and mail in canada is reporting mr ross has told the canadian government already in a formal letter to start negotiations with canada and mexico would be sent within days of the start of the new administration. at its heart what this deal does essentially mean the three countries can trade easily with each other without having to worry about tariffs. what you're
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talking about is a renegotiation of the trade deal, starting from scratch again, going through list by list, which rules do you want to keep, which do you want to renegotiate? it's usually a lengthy process , renegotiate? it's usually a lengthy process, but that has been donald trump's message all along, he wants to rip up existing trade deals he doesn't think are particularly good for the united states. it's a message that has certainly resonated in some states that helped him carry the election, notably pennsylvania and ohio. we'll be watching the story closely. that's michelle in new york. this is a tweet from a way that during the presidential campaign from hillary clinton,... it didn't scare everyone because enough americans voted for him. he'll be the new president. inside that briefcase is everything the president of the united states needs to set a nuclear strike in motion.
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0n to set a nuclear strike in motion. on friday the briefcase will be passed to donald trump. frank gardner has been looking at the practical measures that have to happen for a nuclear strike to happen. there is a great article you can find online now. frank has been an outside source tatami what he found. the way it works in the us is on friday, inauguration day, there will be an unnamed military aid official week you and i have never seen before and will never see again, it will appear at the side of president obama with a briefcase, the nuclear football. there president obama with a briefcase, the nuclearfootball. there are president obama with a briefcase, the nuclear football. there are the launch codes and predesignated menus, they are called, for target sets, should the unthinkable happen. he or she will never leave the president's side. at the end of the inauguration, after the oath, that aid will be beside the future president trump. the briefing will
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already have taken place so president—elect trump by then will already know what he has to do. they raise an authentication card called the biscuit, three inches by five injured, the president will have to authenticate himself. he doesn't carry out the order himself and he gives it and gives it to the secretary of state for defence, which will be generaljames mathis. a lot depends on the circumstances. if carrying out nuclear strike was a long—term measure policy a lot of people would be involved but if there is imminent threat to the us is has told frank the president has extraordinary latitude to take the sole decision to launch. you can find on the bbc news app. i'll be back with you in a few minutes time. see you then. in the next half an hour helen
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willetts will get her thoughts on developments back home with the weather for the week ahead. first a quick look further afield at development across the globe. in north america, some wet weather setting up from the deep south through the mississippi valley in the direction of the great lakes. this frontal system will head east introducing some really mild air, remarkably warm air across central and eastern parts of the states. as we end the week. much cooler and u nsettled we end the week. much cooler and unsettled across the pacific northwest, wet and windy weather, snow, high elevation, california will see a lot of rain in the next few days. into australasia we have some really hot air across the interior, the outback, and the heart of queensland. it's called down a touch across victoria, melbourne has enjoyed fresh conditions over the last couple of days for the australian open. there is rain on the horizon out west, this feature with some pretty wet weather as we end the week, which in itself could
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cause disruption and affect the australian open. asbo train arrives on friday. it'll be cooling down touch by then. —— as the rain arrives on friday. lingering fog patches across northern cities, not going to shift in a hurry, because there is very little wind to help there is very little wind to help the process. a breeze for the south carrying some cloud into the coast. it should stay dry. 22 degrees in new delhi. this was the pretty picture not farfrom new delhi. this was the pretty picture not far from benidorm new delhi. this was the pretty picture not farfrom benidorm on wednesday. snow way down across southern parts of spain. not unheard—of but it doesn't happen often, unheard—of but it doesn't happen ofte n, eve n unheard—of but it doesn't happen often, even in winter. we're not out often, even in winter. we're not out of the woods with strong north—easterly winds becoming wet and windy. and white weather, over the high ground of south—east spain over the next day or so. these are the temperatures will be waking up to across some parts of spain, southern parts of france. severe
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frost in inland rule areas. —— rural areas. further north by and large it is quieter, dry weather, but for many it is chilly. across much of europe, temperatures down. the exception across the far south—east of europe and far north—west, the uk, northern areas still relatively mild. you can see the extent of the blues and over the next few days the blues and over the next few days the blues downshift much. largely chilly until the end of the week. high pressure dominates across northern parts of europe, this front delivering quite a lot of cloud. where the cloud will go over the next few days, helen will update you in the next half hour. hello, i'm ros atkins, this is 0utside source. let's look through some of the main stories here in the bbc newsroom. barack obama ba rack obama has just
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barack obama has just finished his final press conference as president, inevitably was asked about his successor. i don't expect that there is going to be, you know, enormous overla p. is going to be, you know, enormous overlap. that may be an understatement. only two days until donald trump is sworn in as president. i'll play you a report looking at how the day will play out on the national mall. in sport, i'll look at the vendee globe yacht race as it draws to a close. it only happens every four years, and this one is a thiller. pete main contenders are expected to finish tomorrow morning.
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