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tv   Outside Source  BBC News  January 18, 2017 9:30pm-10:01pm GMT

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hello, i'm ros atkins, this is outside source. let's look through some of the main stories here in the bbc newsroom. barack obama ba rack obama has just barack obama has just finished his final press conference as president, inevitably was asked about his successoi’. inevitably was asked about his successor. i don't expect that there is going to be, you know, enormous overla p. is going to be, you know, enormous overlap. that may be an understatement. only two days until donald trump is sworn in as president. i'll play you a report looking at how the day will play out on the national mall. in sport, i'll look at the vendee globe yacht race as it draws to a close. it only happens every four years, and this one is a thiller. pete main contenders are expected to finish tomorrow morning. —— the two main contenders. if you want to get in touch, that is the hashtag. on friday, the us presidency
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will be passed from barack obama to donald trump. this report by rajini vaidya nathan explains the practicalities of the day. ido i do solemnly swear... that i will faithfully execute the office of... how does it work on inauguration day? this is where donald trump will wa ke day? this is where donald trump will wake up on inauguration morning, the white house guesthouse, it doesn't look like much, really, does it? it has been nicknamed the most exclusive hotel in the world, and thatis exclusive hotel in the world, and that is because it has played host to some distinguished guests over the years. this is stjohn‘s episcopal church, where mr trump will head to for a church service.
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barack obama came the morning of his inauguration too. look at this, it is absolutely beautiful. so here i am, in the president's pew, actually sitting where presidents of history have sat. after he is done, donald trump bakes the very shortjourney across the road to the white house. i don't think they're going to lead us i don't think they're going to lead us in. as is part of tradition, he will go to the white house to meet president obama. another tradition that always happens is that the outgoing president always writes the incoming president a note, a word of advice. this, the us capitol, is where donald trump will officially become president, when he is sworn in. politicians and dignitaries will get to watch from up close, the rest of
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us to watch from up close, the rest of us will all have to watch from the bottom. it is cold! now we are heading to the cheap seats. this is the national moll, not much to say, just a lot of grass, but if you don't have a ticket, this is where you come to watch. next, the parade, which heads towards the white house and is led by the president and the first lady. the parade even goes past here, donald trump's new hotel in dc, so who would have thought that when he was planning this hotel, donald trump would one day be moving into the white house just down the street from here? we will have full coverage of the inauguration, whether you're watching in the uk or outside of the uk, on the bbc news channel and bbc world news. the final stages of the vendee globe are drawing to a close.
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this is a solo round—the—world yacht race. it happens every four years, and this one is a thriller. welsh sailor alex thomson is in second, and armel le cleac‘h is in the lead. at christmas, thomson was about 1000 miles behind. now the gap is a0 miles. both men are expected to finish at a fixed point on the atlantic coast of france on thursday morning. let's talk to chris eakin, author of a race too far, nice to see you, chris, a former colleague, talk us through these tactics. they have had to go north from sables—d'ollone because of the wind, and they have now made theirfinal because of the wind, and they have now made their final move, their final tack for home, they are looking at coming in a little bit later, tomorrow afternoon, tomorrow evening, and alex has slipped back a bit, now 57 miles behind, the last positional report. that is a she,
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and there is no doubt now that he can win through raw speed alone, he needs something to happen. but there isa needs something to happen. but there is a history of things happening at this stage of a race that has been going on for two and a half months, they are all clapped out, the boats and the skippers are tired, so you never know. a lot of people have become aware of this race just in the last few days, and is speed these machines are going out is quite something. a lot of the time they are like powerboats, alex broke they are like powerboats, alex broke the 24—hour record only a few days ago in this race, doing 23 knots on average for that 2a hours. if you look at the first attempt to go around the world by robin lod johnston in 1968—9, his average speed was just over 4 knots. these are spectacularly different worlds, you can see is both there filmed in the southern ocean by a french naval helicopter. really powerful beast of a boat. you can see the blade, these
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are very new, very a boat. you can see the blade, these are very new, very radical, and a little bit before the shots he lost the starboard one, the one on the right—hand two weeks into the race, so right—hand two weeks into the race, so he has been at a advantage. does it continue at this speed even when the pilot is sleeping? it does, and alex has a problem with his autopilot, which controls the steering, but in a 2k hours, he will have gone to sleep, the last two days he has had very little sleep, but that is because of technical problems that have made the autopilot difficult to use. but they absolutely keep going relentlessly. robin knoxjohnston took ten months to get around, and alex has said thatis to get around, and alex has said that is tougher than what he does, but you can see the contrast. that is tougher than what he does, but you can see the contrastm that is tougher than what he does, but you can see the contrast. it is a big sport in a number of different ways, but this race has a hold on
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the imagination. the french in particular are just the imagination. the french in particular arejust huge the imagination. the french in particular are just huge on the imagination. the french in particular arejust huge on it, our stars, people like mike golding, i don't know how many britons have heard of him, but he cannot sit in a pavement cafe in paris without people coming up to him. all of our quys people coming up to him. all of our guys speak french, because the french are so much into it, and of course we invented all of this, robin knox—johnston's tack won very much against a frenchman, incidentally, there were nine in the race, but the frenchman was the main contender with him. it is an extraordinary thing, the british have led the way, and now we are struggling no non—frenchman has ever won this race, as you say, every four years, they call list tonight it's the everest of the seas. it looks incredibly expensive, it is quite a niche sport, how does it add? it is like formula one in many
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respects, the boats cost at least £3 million, and the whole team organisation considerably more, and thatis organisation considerably more, and that is why you see big sponsor names on these lead boats. only six of the 29 boats have got those foils i was talking about, they are the big—money teams, just like formula one, there will only ever be two teams who can win this season, very similar. before i let you go, there are those who will not finish, some co ntesta nts are those who will not finish, some contestants who have got a long way to go. it is a good question, and it illustrates how this is a photo finish. third place is more than 700 miles behind the lead two, and the back of the fleet is 9000 miles away, that is how fast election armel le cleac‘h have been, deeply impressive. —— that is how fast election. i hope the french will turn out for the late arrivals as well it might they will turn out for a frenchman, you can bet your bottom dollar on that! cska moscow have headed to spain's costa blanca
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to try and get some sunshine during their mid—season break. it's pretty cold in moscow right now. this is what they got — a complete white—out. you can just about make out the goals on the training pitch, but probably not that the mark watt they we re probably not that the mark watt they were after, but i'm sure it reminds them of home! squash now. each day, this week i've picked out one rally from the tournament of champions. it takes place in grand central station in new york. here's my pick for today. as you'll see, this rally goes on and on. this is the uk's james wilstrop against new zealand's paul coll. wilstrop won, he'll play karim abdel gawad. he's one of two egyptians
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in the men's semis. no surprise. egypt is the most successful squash country, in part due to former leader hosni mubarak, who was a keen player. anyway, back to this rally, it's about to hot up. this has to be seen to be believed. goodness me, this is great! goodness me, only matter of time! or! there goes, the acknowledgement, thatis or! there goes, the acknowledgement, that is the biggest of the day! thanks to the psa for sending us those pictures. by the way, we're making a big effort to cover sports that normally don't get too much of the limelight. this week, it's been
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squash and sailing. we're open to all suggestions. let's turn to some important scientific findings that have come out today. 2016 was the hottest year since records began over a century ago. average global temperatures edged ahead of 2015, and are now 1.1 degrees higher than pre—industrial levels. in fact, it is the third consecutive year that the record has been broken, according to nasa. scientists believe that the el nino weather phenomenon played a role, but that increasing levels of greenhouse gases were the main factor. rebecca morelle has more. our planet is warming, fast, and the latest data suggests that 2016 was a record—breaking year. this winter, parts of the arctic have had a heatwave, temperatures were above freezing when they should have been far below. while australia's great barrier reef was transformed to this.
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vast swathes of coral were killed off as the waters warmed. 2015 was the warmest year on record up until now, and 2016 has just beaten that. it's beaten it by about 0.1, 0.12 degrees celsius, which doesn't seem like a lot, but in terms of the yearly variations, it is actually huge. part of this rise was caused by an el nino event, a warm ocean current that disrupts the world's weather. but scientists say greenhouse gases were the main driver. this shows how global temperatures have increased since the industrial revolution. the bigger the circle, the hotter the year. and the latest data, collected by nasa and meteorological agencies around the world, suggest 2016 is the third year in a row to break records. the global temperature is edging ever closer towards some worrying figures. scientists say a rise of two degrees celsius above pre—industrial levels could lead to dangerous impacts
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around the world. so a lower limit of 1.5 celsius was set by the paris climate agreement, a global deal that came into force last year. but with carbon dioxide at record levels, scientists say this is a temperature threshold we are on course to surpass. to tackle global warming, the world is being urged to move away from fossil fuels like coal. but in the us, donald trump has said he wants to revive the industry, and has threatened to pull america out of the paris climate agreement. the woman who brokered the deal is concerned. if the us chooses to exit the road and the path that has been pursued by every other country in the world, it is only going to damage itself, because it will become less competitive. we are moving toward a de—carbonised society. all eyes will now be on this year's data. already, scientists forecast that 2017 won't be as warm,
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because the el nino event is over. but they say longer term, unless action is taken, the earth will continue to heat up. rebecca morelle, bbc news. a lot more background on that story from bbc news if you wanted. in a few minutes, this report in full from jon kay, who has been travelling from state to state in the us head of donald trump's inauguration. his latest reporters from tennessee, we will have that in a few minutes' time. that report is from. unemployment in the uk has fallen to its lowest level for more than a decade. the jobless total dropped byjust over 50,000 between september and november and now stands at 1.6 million. but as our economics correspondent andy verity reports, after years of rapid growth, the number of people in employment is no longer growing. this farmer and a food processor
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near king's lynn in norfolk supplies root vegetables like carrots to all the major food retailers root vegetables like carrots to all the majorfood retailers from m&s to morrisons, but it is being squeezed. it has been forced to offer higher wages to attract the people it needs to do the work, regardless of the living wage. it says that is because the supply of workers from the rest of the european union has now gone into reverse. we are struggling to fill positions at the minute, it is a very fluid marketplace, inflation in wages in our sector at the minute, which is being driven by some eu citizens going home and moving from the uk marketplace, and it is creating a vacuum. in the three months to the end of november, the number of unemployed people dropped by 52,000 down to 1.6 million. it remains at its lowest rate in 12 is, 4.8%. the average weekly pay packet was £477, up by
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£12 compared to a year ago or 2.7%. businesses can't always pass on the higher cost of labour by simply charging higher prices. simon will have to wait until you renegotiate his contract with his customers, the food companies and retailers, and they won't want big price increases. all of us are looking to try and recoup some of this back. i think the load has got to be shared by all, and that includes the consumer. if tighter labour markets are offering modestly paid workers the chance to big up their wages, many economists will see that as positive. we are seeing quite a robust edge to the uk economy, consistent with the other economic data that we have had. hiring has not slowed down materially, and people are finding jobs and finding jobs at improved wage levels. but there has been a marked change since
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there has been a marked change since the brexit vote. for 20 years now, the brexit vote. for 20 years now, the number of people in work in the uk has been hitting new records. in the three months to the end of november, it dipped slightly, and it is no higher than it was injuly. andy verity, bbc news. iam roz i am roz atkins with the latest news from the bbc newsroom, barack obama has given the final news conference of his presidency, touching on issues such as donald trump, russia and his decision to free chelsea manning. this is what you have got coming up later. if you're outside of the uk, it's world news america next, with a special report from inside aleppo from jeremy bowen. in the uk it is the news at ten, where the lead story is brexit with
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huw edwards. we will also hear from davos and strasbourg. now, a story we covered a couple of weeks ago, the first freight train to travel directly to the uk from china has arrived here in london. the chinese government is calling it the new silk route. andy moore has more on this story. the train began itsjourney at a giant container depot in china. 34 carriages were loaded with goods, such as clothes, bags and other household items. china has been operating trains to 14 european capitals from this depot for many years. now, london has been added to the list. depot for many years. now, london has been added to the list. because of different rail gauges along the way, the containers have to be offloaded and reloaded several times, but china sees this as a new version of the silk route. in all, the train, carrying £4 million worth of goods,
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passes through eight countries on its journey of more than 7,500 miles. the uk is china's seventh—biggest trading market, so the boost to chinese enterprise is clear, but it is also hoped the train will make the journey back to china laden with british goods. back to us politics one more time. it is donald trump's inauguration on friday, and you will see extensive coverage from bbc news. all week we've been playing you reports from jon kay. he's been to wisconsin and illinois. he wasn't barack obama's favourite diner in chicago yesterday. this report comes from tennessee. if you want to understand donald trump's election win, this is a good place to come. next to route 45, the ohio river meets the mississippi.
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it's an essential artery for the us economy, carrying 18 million tonnes of cargo every year. but things aren't what they used to be. the locks which boats pass through here have seen better days. nearly 100 years old, they regularly break down, causing long and costly delays. so around 52 hours at one time. a boat could be waiting out for 52 hours before coming through? mark, the lock keeper, says it's a struggle to keep trade moving. the concrete is starting to break up and crumble. every time it gets hit by a boat as it lands on it it puts pressure on it and causes more cracks and stress on it, we patch it together and try and keep it going, but it's not going to last forever. donald trump has pledged $1 trillion
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to rebuild america's rivers, roads and railways, a promise that's won him plenty of support round here, but he hasn't said where the money will come from. we head back on route 45 to see the kind of project the new president wants to encourage. a huge dam and lock system to replace the failing one downriver. it's nearly 20 years behind schedule and $2 billion over budget. many here believe donald trump's life in business will mean he can deliver. i think he if he really wants to put his mind with it and really wants to work with the people, for sure, why not? one person can't do it, but if you take a group of people and you've got good conversation communication skills, good listening skills, you can pretty much accomplish anything. has he got those skills? i hope so. trump's critics say his pledges
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are unrealistic and unaffordable. but in an area where jobs can be scarce, they're prepared to give him a try. we drive on into america's rural south. there are two million farms in this country. willa property developer president understand this business? at the university of tennessee, students are learning how to weigh and vaccinate cattle. stick it in, press it forward, pull it out. some are gonna be more willing to go forward, and some are wanting to hold back. sounds like politicians! i guess so! donald trump won nearly 80% of the vote in the martin area. they like his confidence, and in turn they have
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confidence in him. he might have a few mess—ups on the way, but eventually he'll figure it all out. we're always going to need agriculture, that's what feeds us. so we're going to need it to keep going. but is farming compatible with trump's plans for building? what about the land, the environment? donald trump is a man you associate with skyscrapers and new york city, not with farming and places like this. do you think he understands you and what you want to do? i think he's going to help small—town people also out. i don't think he's going to be the big—city man when he gets in office. what about farming, does he understand farming? not as well as some agriculture people. whether it's agriculture or infrastructure, in these communities away from washington, many feel trump will be a president who finally speaks for them — someone not just following the political herd.
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i was mentioning that we were trying to focus on sports that do not get all the limelight, you have given me some good ideas. justin in cambridge says, what about tour de ski, where people ski up mountains. and jay in dublin says, how about a spanish sport which is a crash between tennis, squash and real tennis, where you take the ball off the back wall as well? obligated but it looks good, we will try to cover those next week. —— quite complicated. changes in the weather for the next
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six to ten days are going to be very slow changes, because we have got anticyclonic conditions dominating. the biggest piece of weather news that broke on wednesday was the fact that broke on wednesday was the fact that it has been confirmed, the figures are in, 2016 globally was the warmest on record. that takes us back to what nick was telling us about yesterday evening, so far this winter the uk at least has been milder than average, and drier. that said, it is not too far away that we have got some very cold air indeed, severe and harsh winter weather dominating across much of europe, and we are very close by, as you can see, to the western edge of that cold weather. we are seeing snow on the beaches in valencia in spain. and we will still be affected across southern areas and we will still be affected across southern areas on and we will still be affected across southern areas on thursday morning. for the majority, the cloud is keeping things relatively mild, but there will be pockets of frost
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elsewhere, mainly in the south, and that will be the story over the coming few days. for most of us, a very similar weather scenario thursday, mist and fog in the morning, hill fog will prevail, and we could have more cloud coming into east anglia for example, but more brea ks east anglia for example, but more breaks in the cloud in the north of scotland. earlier in the week we struggled at three or four in the south, we may get to six or seven, evenin south, we may get to six or seven, even in the spread of temperature is a little bit in the past 24 hours. that will continue into friday. friday morning, again, a frost mostly in the south where we will see the best of the sunshine, but pockets of frost and sunshine elsewhere, and of course fog, which at this time of year takes a while to clear. we keep that weather pattern into the weekend. if anything, we will see cloud thinning, a little bit of sunshine coming through, so cold nights, more widespread frost, not so limited to
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southern areas. and therefore it will be colder by day, taking a little while longer for those temperatures to get up, more like four, five than six or seven potentially. the reason? high pressure is still with us, starting to feed in colder air, not too far away, as i mentioned earlier. similar story on sunday, rain and drizzle in the north and west, after a chilly start, temperatures a little bit below part. very little change in to monday, as you can see, 4-6 change in to monday, as you can see, 4—6 degrees celsius, a strengthening of the winston watts the north—west, the approach of a weather front, and that will bring about a change to the early part of next week, but a very slow process. that is low pressure starting to whisky and across the north atlantic, allowing the weather fronts to come in, and this wedge of milder air, but dominating either side of that, you
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can see cold air is dominant early next week across much of europe. it is dense, cold, it takes a while to clear away, and how quickly that low pressure m oves clear away, and how quickly that low pressure moves into the uk depends on how quickly we can start to clear that cold across western parts of europe. so yes, that is the uncertainty in the forecast. eventually, rain for the north and west, but until then some more chilly nights and chilly days. tonight at ten: borisjohnson under attack for appearing to compare the french government to the nazis. the foreign secretary, visiting india, accused some european leaders of wanting to punish the uk for leaving the eu. if monsieur hollande wants to administer punishment beatings to anybody who chooses to escape, rather in the manner of some world war two movie, then i don't think that is the way forward. but at the european parliament, the prime minister of malta warned that britain could not be seen to benefit from any
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brexit agreement. we want a fair deal for the united kingdom, but that deal necessarily needs to be inferior to membership. we'll have more on the reaction to the government's brexit plans as hsbc says it's decided to move a thousand jobs
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