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tv   BBC News at Ten  BBC News  January 18, 2017 10:00pm-10:31pm GMT

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tonight at ten: borisjohnson under attack for appearing to compare the french government to the nazis. the foreign secretary, visiting india, accused some european leaders of wanting to punish the uk for leaving the eu. if monsieur hollande wants to administer punishment beatings to anybody who chooses to escape, rather in the manner of some world war two movie, then i don't think that is the way forward. but at the european parliament, the prime minister of malta warned that britain could not be seen to benefit from any brexit agreement. we want a fair deal for the united kingdom, but that deal necessarily needs to be inferior to membership. we'll have more on the reaction to the government's brexit plans as hsbc says it's decided to move a thousand jobs from london to paris. also tonight... a special report from the ruins of eastern aleppo on the likely outcome of the syrian conflict.
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foreign intervention has transformed this war, and the way it's looking right now, foreigners, not syrians, will dictate the way the war ends. climate scientists declare that 2016 was the warmest year on record. extra news — how will this new website funded by a millionaire eurosceptic fit in to the media landscape? and tributes to rachael heyhoe—flint, one of the great pioneers of women's sport. coming up in sportsday later in the hour on bbc news, we will have the goals from tonight's fa cup third—round replays, including liverpool's tie at plymouth. good evening.
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boris johnson, the foreign secretary, has once again been criticised for his choice of language after appearing to compare the french government to the nazis. he said britain should not be penalised with punishment beatings in the manner of a world war two movie for wanting to leave the european union. during the day, eu leaders have been giving their reactions to theresa may's speech yesterday outlining her brexit ambitions. the european commission president jean—claudejuncker promised to work for good results in the forthcoming negotiations, as our political editor laura kuennsberg reports. watch out, chaps, i'm worried about you falling over. "watch out, foreign secretary," more like. it is his job to win friends and influence around the world. on tour in india today. but as the delicate process of leaving the eu begins, rather indelicate words about our old friends and foes, the french. if monsieur hollande wants
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to administer punishment beatings to anybody who chooses to escape, rather in the manner of some world war ii movie, i don't think that is the way forward. i think, actually, it is not in the interests of our friends and our partners. from thousands of miles away, he was slammed as crass. "not exactly what you would expect from a foreign minister," one diplomat told me. awkward, when back home the prime minister is urging everyone to play nice. the point he made was a reasonable one, but the language has got to be extremely careful in dealing with colleagues and friends. what does boris do? he comes up with these extraordinary phrases of which we should all be ashamed. borisjohnson‘s team says he was just making the point that it makes no sense for the rest of the eu to treat britain harshly. but only yesterday, theresa may publicly reminded ministers here at home of the need for discipline and with a difficult deal ahead, britain needs all the friends it has. language matters, but it is
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the words and attitudes of european leaders that will prove vital. yesterday, the prime minister appealed to her eu counterparts, urging them to behave as good friends, even as we leave. the arch european jean—claude juncker, who leads the commission that will manage the deal was suing for peace. we are not in a hostile mood. we want a fair deal with britain and a fair dealfor britain, but a fair deal means a fair deal for the european union. yet europe's leaders are in no mood to let britain divide and conquer. their goal right now is sticking together. "we now have a clearer idea of what britain wants," angela merkel said, "the most important thing is that europe is not divided." and in public and private, here is the reality. whatever the uk asks for, the rest of the eu will not do a deal where the terms of trade are as cushy outside as in. we want a fair deal for the united kingdom,
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but that deal necessarily needs to be inferior to membership. are you playing hardball, prime minister? she may smile, her speech yesterday pleased most of her party, but theresa may is still under attack for not giving mps enough of a say. it is not so much the iron lady as the irony lady. i have a plan. he does not have a clue. next tuesday it is over to the courts, who could force the government to give detail, much more detail, to parliament, before the technical process of extricating ourselves from the eu begins. in these negotiations it will not always seem that ministers are in charge. laura kuenssberg, bbc news, westminster. in a moment we'll talk to our business editor simonjack, who's at the world economic forum in davos, but first let's talk to our europe correspondent
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damian grammaticas, who is in strasbourg. what did you make of the responses today? i think two things, theresa may's plan depends on achieving a far—reaching trade deal with the eu. their voices in the uk who say we are already in the free market, we have free trade, that should be easy. eu leaders have said consistently that this will be a very, very difficult negotiation because, they say, theresa may has prioritised a political decision to prevent the freedom of movement of people and so leave the single market. outside it, they say, access will be much more limited. they say it is not punishing the uk, it is the consequence of decisions taken by the uk. few here think the time frame of two yea rs few here think the time frame of two years is few here think the time frame of two yea rs is really few here think the time frame of two years is really achievable. the reason for that, i think, is they say there is the expert negotiation
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to agree first, then the question of the future trade deal. the maltese prime minister said eu leaders have not decided if they will let the uk start talking about trade deals straightaway until it are settled the terms of exeter, including, possibly, a bill for billions and billions of pounds. simon isn't davos. rash is in davos. simon, theresa may has arrived in davos tonight, but there's some unwelcome news from hsbc? the guilt she will arrive to the news that hsbc was not bluffing when it said it would move 1000 of its highly paid bankers from london to paris if the uk let the single market. they have made it clear that that will happen, they will take 20% of the uk banking revenue with them. the chairman of ubs told me they could move up to 1000 workers from london to, probably, from third. some people would say, so what? but there are two important messages.
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two big banks have decided that london, outside the single market, is -- is london, outside the single market, is —— is not the optimal place to provide services to european clients. these are very highly paid people. whether you like it or not, they are paid hundreds of thousands of pounds each and they pay a lot of income tax. with the revenue from the bank they are taking mba can tax being taken away, there will be a hit to the exchequer. these are not contingency plans any more, they are plans that are becoming a reality. simon and damian, thank you both. the united nations says it believes 40,000 people have returned to their homes in eastern aleppo, the city devastated by years of civil war. most are living on aid in very difficult conditions. aleppo is syria's largest city. it became a major battle ground in the summer of 2012. as recently as august last year this was the picture — a city divided with regime forces in the west rebels in the east. but government forces cut off the rebels‘ supply lines and in just
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a few months they were able to take full control. our middle east editorjeremy bowen has been to east aleppo, and he sent this special report. this is the calm after the storm. the final battle for aleppo swept through the city like a man—made malevolent tornado. all sides in this war were prepared to destroy aleppo to possess it. in the end, the firepower of the regime and its russian and ukrainian allies was too much for the fractious rebel coalition that controlled east aleppo. this city is the key to northern syria. right across the country, rebels who are still fighting are on the defensive. the battle for aleppo lasted four years. more than 200,000 civilians were
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trapped in the heat of the fight. attacks on civilians by any side in the war are crimes if it can be proved they were deliberate. zakaria mohammed juma lost his leg in east aleppo three months ago. at a clinic run by the international committee of the red cross, he is being measured for a prosthesis. rehabilitation is painful. when you can't walk, supporting a family is even harder. it will take years and billions to rebuild. the east side of aleppo and much of the old city in ruins. with a photo of his clothes shop, salah stood in front of where it used to be. i've seen this much damage elsewhere in syria, but never
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in such a wide area. abu mahmoud is one of the first to return to his neighbourhood. if only they'd take away the rubble, he said, all the neighbours would come back. this corpse was still lying on the road a month after the battle. more are certain to be buried in collapsed buildings. abu mohammed, collecting firewood, showed where a mortar fragment had hit him. look, he said, they took out my spleen, kidney, and part of my intestines. i've had many operations. in every queue for emergency aid there are tragedies. this child, who is 12, has seen more than anyone should in a lifetime. her grandmother is using all the strength
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she has left to care for her surviving grandchildren. translation: my daughter's 15—year—old girl and her son, who was seven, were killed. my son's three—year—old daughter lost a leg. another grandson, aged seven, lost a hand. my family's houses were all destroyed. we don't know what's hidden in our future. the war has damaged all of us. my cousin lost her leg. i saw with my own eyes my other cousin, his intestines were out of his body. president assad's resurgence in aleppo means talk about forcing him out sounds more hollow than ever. he is the strongest he's been since the war started. the empty, ruined, silent streets
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on the formerfront lines feel oppressive. no one has tried to move back here. it's haunted by violence and death. that is a home—made mortar, designed and built by the rebels. in itself, it's a fearsome weapon. but it is nothing compared to the power of the russian air force and the military know—how of the iranians and their lebanese allies. foreign intervention has transformed this war. and the way it's looking right now, foreigners, not syrians, will dictate the way the war ends. the sun sets in aleppo on a dark, cold and broken place. it feels like a post—war city, but this
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is not a post—war country. syria has a fragile partial truce. for the first time, the president and his allies can smell victory. but they are not there yet. jeremy bowen, bbc news, aleppo. a glimpse of life in eastern aleppo with our middle east correspondent, jeremy bowen. thousands of british holiday—makers are being flown home from the gambia after a state of emergency was declared. the foreign office is advising people to avoid all but essential travel to the country because of a risk of unrest. president yayha jammeh is refusing to accept the result of last month's presidential elections in which he was defeated. his elected successor adama barrow is due to be inaugurated tomorrow. senegal has said its military forces
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will enforce the handover, if necessary. our correspondent umaru fofana reports from the gambian capital banjul. leaving in droves. not as they came, not as they had anticipated. thousands of european tourists, mostly from the uk, being flown back home on special flights. some had been here for only a couple of days, which explains their reaction. asking us to leave is unnecessary. i think, at the moment. but i understand that we need to do it. to me, it feels stupid because this will all be over within 24 hours, 48 hours. they are not the only ones leaving. thousands of gambians are also streaming out. many to neighbouring senegal. they fear a west african military intervention is imminent. troops are said to be massing on the border. a nigerian warship is on its way. and its airforce is on stand—by.
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the african union says, effective tomorrow, it will not recognise jammeh as this country's leader. ahead of the anticipated military action and the planned inauguration of adama barrow, president yahya jammeh declared a state of public emergency. behind me here is the national stadium of the gambia, the planned venue for the inauguration on thursday of adama barrow as the country's next president. he has tweeted defiantly from neighbouring senegal, where he is expected to come from, that he will be here tomorrow for his inauguration. jammeh withdrew from the british commonwealth in 2013 amid frosty relations. he has now ruled this country for 22 years, controversially winning four elections. it took a coalition of seven political parties led by adama barrow to defeat him in december, but he insists those elections were fraud. our position is very, very clear. i am president—elect. we advise the president to cooperate. if he doesn't cooperate?
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we believe that he will cooperate. however this pans out, this tiny west african nation has a huge task ahead. many people have been killed, jailed or disappeared in the last two decades. theirfamilies are calling for justice. responding to such demands could determine how this crisis is brought to an end. umaru fofanah, bbc news, the gambia. unemployment has fallen to its lowest level for more than a decade. official figures show the number of people out of work in the uk in the three months to november was down by 52,000 to 1.6 million. average earnings rose by 2.7% compared with the same period last year. but the figures also show that sincejuly the total number of people in work in the uk has stopped growing. in his final news conference at the white house before he leaves office in two days' time, president obama has underlined the importance of accountability and freedom of the press
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in a healthy democracy. president—elect trump has signalled he's considering changes to the traditional white house news briefings, prompting concern that accountability might be more limited. our north america editorjon sopel was at the news conference and sent this report. for one last time barack obama came to the white house briefing room to joust with the press. good afternoon everybody. but amid reports that his successor wants to limit access and regularly accuses journalists of being dishonest and liars, the outgoing president spoke of the importance of a strong and free media. you are not supposed to be sycophantics, you are not supposed to be sycophants, you are supposed to be sceptics. you are supposed to ask me tough questions. you are not supposed to be complimentary but you are supposed to cast a critical eye on folks who hold enormous power. this picture was released today of donald trump preparing his inaugural address.
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barack obama was asked what advice he would give his successor? on this, he steered a diplomatic course. this is a job of such magnitude that you can't do it by yourself. you are enormously reliant on a team, that's probably the most useful advice, the most constructive advice that i have been able to give him. then the final question, come on, mr president, are you really as sanquine as you are saying publicly about donald trump taking over? this is notjust a matter of no drama obama. this is what i really believe. it is true that behind closed doors i curse more than i do in public. laughter. sometimes i get mad and frustrated like everybody else does. but at my core i think we're going to be ok. thank you very much, press corps. good luck. barack obama will spend the next year writing and being around more for michelle and his two daughters. he says he won't be
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a back seat driver. but he's given this warning, if he sees things that he really doesn't like, then he will speak out. it seems that friday won't be the last we see of barack obama. but in the meantime, there is a new home to get ready. moving house is said to be one of life's most stressful experiences. but when you have been president for eight years making and death decisions, where to hang your favourite picture is probably unlikely to keep you awake at night. jon sopel, bbc news, washington. scientists at the american space agency nasa say 2016 was the hottest year since records began over a century ago. average global temperatures edged ahead of 2015 and are now 1.1 degrees higher than pre—industrial levels. it's the third consecutive year that the record has been broken, according to nasa. scientists believe that the el nino weather phenomenon played a role but increasing levels of greenhouse gases were the main factor in driving up temperatures,
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as our science correspondent rebecca morelle explains. our planet is warming, fast, and the latest data suggests that 2016 was a record—breaking year. this winter, parts of the arctic have had a heatwave, temperatures were above freezing, when they should have been far below. while australia's great barrier reef was transformed to this. vast swathes of coral were killed off, as the waters warmed. 2015 was the warmest year on record up until now, and 2016 has just beaten that. it's beaten it by about 0.1, 0.12 degrees celsius. which doesn't seem like a lot, but in terms of the yearly variations, it is actually huge. part of this rise was caused by an el nino event, a warm ocean current that disrupts the world's weather. but scientists say greenhouse gases were the main driver. this shows how global temperatures have increased since the industrial revolution. the bigger the circle,
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the hotter the year. and the latest data, collected by nasa and meteorological agencies around the world, suggest 2016 is the third year in a row to break records. the global temperature is edging ever closer towards some worrying figures. scientists say a rise of two degrees celsius above pre—industrial levels could lead to dangerous impacts around the world. so a lower limit of 1.5 celsius was set by the paris climate agreement, a global deal that came into force last year. but with carbon dioxide at record levels, scientists say this is a temperature threshold we are on course to surpass. to tackle global warming, the world is being urged to move away from fossil fuels, like coal. but in the us, donald trump has said he wants to revive the industry, and has threatened to pull america out of the paris climate agreement. the woman who brokered the deal is concerned.
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if the us chooses to exit the road and the path that is being pursued by every other country in the world, it is only going to damage itself, because it will become less competitive. we are moving toward a de—carbonised society. all eyes will now be on this year's data. already, scientists forecast that 2017 won't be as warm, because the el nino event is over. but they say longer term, unless action is taken, the earth will continue to heat up. rebecca morelle, bbc news. a disabled man has won his case at the supreme court after a dispute over wheelchair space on a bus. it means bus drivers will have to do more to accommodate wheelchair users. doug paulley brought his case after he was refused entry to a first group bus in 2012 when a mother with a pushchair refused to move.
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our disability affairs correspondent nikki fox has the story. it has taken almost five yea rs of legal battles to get to this point. how are you feeling, doug? oh, elated. but finally, doug paulley had his day in the highest court in the country. all seven judges agreed the bus company's policy of requesting, and not requiring, a person to vacate the wheelchair space was unlawful. but it is not quite as clear—cut, because the judgment does go as far as insisting someone move from the space. i am really pleased with the result. i am aware some people won't be pleased. it has not gone as far as some people would like or it has gone too far than people would like. in the end, this is about disabled people's right to access, to travel on the bus, and, hopefully, today has been at least a step in the right direction. it began in 2012 when doug was unable to catch a bus because the space for wheelchairs
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was occupied by a mum and her pushchair. she refused to move which meant doug could not get on. the bus operter first group admit that following the verdict, they may have to amend training they provide staff, but are pleased drivers will not have to force people off the bus. we really welcome the fact the court confirmed that a driver is not required to remove a passenger from a bus if they refuse to move from the space, which is important for drivers to have that clarity. the impact of the judgment will have much wider implications that span further than just buses. any service provider or company that has a dedicated space for disabled people, which could be a supermarket disabled bay, or an accessible toilet in a restaurant, they will have to make sure wheelchair users get priority. but not all wheelchair users agree. i will not go on the bus and take the woman with the pram... i am disabled, but i am still a man and this just feels not right.
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what about mothers with babies? it is not quite as simple as wheelchairs versus pushchairs. it is better to remain a grey area for people to use their common sense. however nuanced, today's supreme court ruling paves the way for a closer look at legislation when it comes to prioritising access for wheelchair users. nikki fox, bbc news. aaron banks, the millionaire who financed the campaign to leave the european union, is now turning his attention to the media. tomorrow, he'll be launching a news website called westmonster.com, owned jointly by a former press officer to nigel farage. they say they will by—pass the traditional media and speak directly to voters concerned with issues such as immigration. our media editor amol rajan has this exclusive report. this woman is not your president... a screaming failure, screaming weakness! alternative news is watched by millions of americans.
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fuelled by social media, some of these websites have a bigger following than mainstream networks. they are complete pathetic maggots! donald trump openly courted this new media to energise his voter base in last year's election. i am not going to give you a question. you are fake news. arron banks, the man who bankrolled the leave campaign was one of the first brits to meet mr trump after his win. what's the 503 billion? that's the total amount of money we have sent to the eu since wejoined up. mr banks put nearly £7 million into last year's referendum. thought to be the biggest political donation in modern british history. now britain's newest media baron is launching an anti—establishment website. i think the internet and social media has changed the world and that the mainstream media, however you want to describe that, is lagging a long way behind the way you communicate and i think we intend to shake things up a bit.
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called westmonster, the site is co—owned by 27—year—old michael heaver. nigel farage's former spin doctor wants to bring the viral energy that mr trump harnessed to the uk. what you have seen obviously is a multitude of different right—wing sites be set up, they've had tremendous success. it shows there is clearly a demand and we want to be that in this country. we want to be there speaking to people in a language they understand and in a way they understand about issues they care about. three years ago, nearly 60% of us got our news primarily from newspapers. but that's now fallen to just 35%. and meanwhile, social media has risen from less than a quarter and is poised to overtake newspapers. before the digital era most of us got our news from a few generally trusted organisations. but these days we get our information from wildly different and sometimes unreliable sources. nowadays you can find your own facts to suit your own opinions and for some that's a threat
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to all of us. katharine viner edits the guardian. she believes some new forms of media could undermine democracy. i think citizens need good information to make decisions about their lives and to help them understand the kind of world they're in and perhaps to help them build the kind of world they want to live in and without good information, without facts and without public interestjournalism that's just much harder to find. an alternative news eco—system is heading to britain. these people cannot rule over us... but in the digital age the truth is vulnerable. the news once aimed to unite us, perhaps thanks to technology, it now divides us instead. amol rajan, bbc news. rachael heyhoe—flint, a pioneer in the world of women's cricket, has died at the age of 77. the former england captain was the first woman elected to the mcc‘s full committee and became the first female sports presenter on british television.
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as our correspondent katherine downes reports, her life and career were marked by a series of notable achievements. women's cricket as it was when rachael heyhoe—flint was captain of england just setting out on her campaign for change. even before her playing days were over, she was a pioneer, organising the first women's world cup in 1973 and then in 1976 leading england out to face australia in the first ever women's match to be played at lord's. i think there was a sort of reticence and nervousness that perhaps the women might take over altogether and there might be rape and pillage of the members in the luncheon intervals or something like that. we might not present an acceptable face of cricket. i actually cried as i walked out on to the pitch and it was the most incredible feeling.

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