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tv   Newsday  BBC News  January 24, 2017 12:00am-12:31am GMT

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hello, everyone. i'm rico hizon in singapore. the headlines: with a stroke of a pen, donald trump cancels us involvement in a massive free—trade deal. fresh outbreaks of bird flu across asia and iraq, including china, where the number of human cases goes up. i'm babita sharma in london. as millions of chinese travel home to celebrate new year, we'll tell you about a surprise festival tradition. and afg hanistan‘s first about a surprise festival tradition. and afghanistan's first all—female orchestra and their challenge of being on the international stage. live from our studios in singapore and london. this is bbc world news. it's newsday. wonderful to have you all with us.
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it's 8am in singapore, and midnight in london and 7pm in washington where donald trump has made a decision with huge implications for the rest of the world. the trans—pacific the rest of the world. the tra ns—pacific partnership is the rest of the world. the trans—pacific partnership is a major trade arrangement with countries in the pacific rim. now, mr trump has said he will pull out of the deal negotiated by the obama administration. he says it would have damaged us manufacturing and jobs. the bbc‘s north america editor jon sopel has the details. we've been talking about this for a long time. oh the power of the pen. these are executive orders signed by the president as he starts his first week in thejob. from now on america will have nothing to do with the pacific trade deal. another order sets in trade plans to renegotiate the nafta agreement with mexico and canada. a far more complex undertaking. and there's to be a freeze on recruitment forfederaljobs. one other executive order particularly eye—catching
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that was signed today is that aid agencies in receipt of us government funds will now no longer be able to offer abortions or advice on abortions in their fieldwork around the world. now, this has been a political football going back for decades with democrats resending it, republicans reimposing it, but it's an important indication of where donald trump stands on this issue and what may be the future social policy for america as well. mark was so nice with the plant. coming back, iwanted to sit next to him. i must be honest. laughter but this is the real focus. forget the cheerful bonhomie, the president must deliver on the economy and he intends to wield both a carrot and a stick. first the stick. a company that wants to fire all of its people in the united states and build some factory someplace else and then thinks that that product is then just going to flow across the border
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into the united states, that's not going to happen. they're going to have a border tax to pay, a substantial border tax. and finally the carrot. what we're doing is we're going to be cutting taxes massively for both the middle—class and for companies. and that's massively. at his first full press briefing, the focus of his spokesman was still on jobs and trade. but after a finger—wagging lecture delivered to the press at the weekend when he may not have been entirely truthful himself, this question. is it your intention to always tell the truth from that podium and will you pledge to never knowingly say something that is not factual? yes, it is. it's an honour to do this and yes i believe we have to be honest with the american people, i think sometimes we can disagree with the facts. the president a short time ago met union leaders and looked behind him, it seems like mr spicer, after a heap of criticism
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at the weekend, was getting a vote of confidence from the counsellor to the president. it's going to be a rollercoaster ride. jon sopel, bbc news, washington. the us senate foreign relations committee has narrowly voted to approve rex tillerson as secondary state, the country's top diplomat. earlier this month mr tillotson appeared to take a hard line on china, saying beijing should not be allowed to access the islands it has built in contested waters. the former oil executives still needs to be confirmed by the full senate. more analysis on trump and tpp from tokyo with our correspondent rupert wingfield—hayes in a moment but first the who has warned about the number of cases of bird flu. different strains been spreading across asia and europe since early last year leading to large scale slaughtering. it's normally spread
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by direct contact with birds but experts fear it could mutate into a form easily transmitted between people. just since november last year, nearly a0 countries have reported fresh outbreaks of highly parthenogenesis avian influenza in poultry or wild birds. the rapidly expanding number of these outbreaks and via virulent strains currently circulating have put us on high alert. since the beginning of bird flu outbreak, south korea has culled nearly a fifth of its paltry. as a result the country faced a shortage of eggs and prices went up 70% ahead of eggs and prices went up 70% ahead of the new year holiday this weekend. the situation has improved and prices have come down thanks to 6 million eggs imported mainly from the us. also making news this hour, malaysian officials said nine people have been drowned and several others
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are missing after a boat carrying indonesian migrants capsized off the east coast. the bodies of three women and three men washed up. officials say they believe the passengers to be illegal immigrants. china says a decision to scrap its one child policy has resulted in the birth ofi.3 one child policy has resulted in the birth of 1.3 million more babies in 2016 compared to the year before, the highest birth rate since the year 2000. china brought the highest birth rate since the year2000. china brought in the highest birth rate since the year 2000. china brought in the policy in the 1970s to limit population growth but now wants to replace the country's shrinking workforce. and actor has died in australia after being shot during the filming ofa after being shot during the filming of a music video. police say the man, who hasn't been named, was in a bar when the gunfire happened. police say the film crew tried to resuscitate the man, who died at the scene. it's not known whether the gun had live animation or blanks. it's day nine of the australian open with the quarter—finals getting
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under way, stand wawrinka plays joe—wilfried tsonga and venus williams plays anastasia pavlyuchenkova and roger federer ta kes pavlyuchenkova and roger federer takes on andy murray's conqueror misha zverev. more on that in sport today later. time to show you these pictures, we will keep showing you this, the world's largest human migration which is under way with tens of thousands leaving beijing to go home forfamily thousands leaving beijing to go home for family reunions for the lunar new year holidays. china's transport minister ee estimates 9 million trading journeys were made on monday alone. —— estimates. more on this coming up later in the programme. let's return to our lead story on president trump's moved to pull the us out of the free—trade deal with pacific rim countries and one of the countries covered by the deal is japan. i asked our correspondent rupert wingfield—hayes in tokyo what the government there is making of the government there is making of the plan. i'd say i don't think this is
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unexpected although prime minister shinzo abe yesterday in parliament said he was going to continue seeking president trump's understanding of the trans—pacific partnership and he thought president trump understood the necessity of free trade. behind—the—scenes the japanese government has been for some time. what options now are open for tokyo? i've been told they could pursue a tpp minus the united states with other tpp partners, such as australia. that would be difficult, it would be a much diminished agreement and it would be to go through all the national parliaments against p it's more likelyjapan and other asia—pacific countries will 110w other asia—pacific countries will now pursue bilateral trade deals, with the united states and other nations around the pacific rim. critics are saying the united states pulling out of the tpp is a serious mistake and could lead to china further increasing its clout in the asia—pacific region? further increasing its clout in the
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asia-pacific region? yeah, there's concern on all fronts, notjust tpp, rico, but the renegotiation of nafta, that would have a huge impact onjapan and the government is very concerned about that. there's talk of china stepping in with this thing called rcep, i'm not sure what it stands for but it's an asian regional economic cooperation group led by china. i talk to senior japanese government officials about it and they say it's nothing like tpp, not of the quality of tpp, china might want to do it butjapan at the moment is certainly not interested injoining china in a trade pact, it still wants to join the us. with japan being impacted by tpp and potentially renegotiation nafta, how could this affect japan us trade and political relations?” think the attitude at the moment is everybody is watching and waiting to
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see what happens in the coming months, no one is quite sure whether this is an initial barrage from president trump or whether it will continue. the immediate impact on japan is to be very positive and to announce new investments in the united states to emphasise how important japan united states to emphasise how importantjapan and united states to emphasise how important japan and japanese corporations are to the us economy. we've seen the announcement by toyota that it will make a big investment in the united states. we also saw foxcon from taiwan, which owns sharp here, investing a new plant in the united states so those are the responses we are seeing it immediately to what donald trump is doing. rupert wingfield—hayes in tokyo. pulling out of the tpp isn't the only move from president trump. he's signed a whole series of executive orders which don't need the approval of congress. they include banning american funds for international groups that perform abortions. so how much more can he actually do with just the stroke
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ofa pen? katty kay has this assessment. he had promised a slew of executive actions to advance his agenda and to reverse barack actions to advance his agenda and to reverse ba rack obama's actions to advance his agenda and to reverse barack obama's and within hours of taking office, donald trump signed documents to roll back the health—insurance law known as obamacare. health—insurance law known as obamaca re. today he health—insurance law known as obamacare. today he withdrew america from the transpacific trade partnership, a protectionist move he saysis partnership, a protectionist move he says is key to securing american jobs and economic prosperity. in both tone and substance, donald trump promises to be a very different president from his immediate predecessors. to protect and defend... the constitution of the united states... so help me god. ibegin the united states... so help me god. i begin will be quite revolutionary, i think he will put more emphasis on the growth of the economy, higher wages and more opportunities for people. i'm not sure he will start out seeking compromise, i think he will start out to get the job done
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that he is said to the american people he would do. and i believe that means looking after the people that means looking after the people that he thinks will be left behind. from the minute mr trump took the oath of office, he faced the challenge of transforming his campaign slogans into policies. he says his ethos of america first is the scaffolding on which he will build his entire agenda. illegal immigration, tax reform, the destruction of isis, they're all in his immediate sites. we have to build a wall, folks. it also means making good on his campaign pledge to build a wall along the 1900 mile border with mexico. but here he could meet his first big hurdle, will congress really pay for it? mr trump will need popular support to get these things done. on saturday i went down to see the women's march in washington where it was clear
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just how unpopular he is. these people are scared and angry and determined. can they stop donald trump's agenda? probably not. but in the game that's american politics, approval ratings do matter. they're like chips you can cash in to get things done. and if your ratings low you have fewer chips in your pocket. this is what democracy looks like! the republican politicians who sat stoney faced at the inauguration as mrtrump stoney faced at the inauguration as mr trump derided the establishment will give their new president a lot of what he wants in return for the power he has given them. but the fa ct power he has given them. but the fact he's not an ideological conservative means the republican congress will undoubtedly also run into conflict with their president. on the issue of infrastructure spending, the notion we would spend $1 trillion that would be underpaid for i think will be very difficult for i think will be very difficult for some fiscal conservatives to swallow. but for the time being at least i think most republicans, if
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not all, are willing to give the president the benefit of the doubt, now once you get beyond the 100 days when the honeymoon period as it were is over then i think some of those divisions will become a little more clear. mr trump clearly intends to govern as he campaigned, in full fight mode, but he said huge goals for himself and he'll need friends and allies to get things done. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme: breaking barriers. afg hanistan's first all women orchestra now making their international debut. the shuttle challenger exploded soon after liftoff. there were seven astronauts on board, one of them a woman school teacher. all of them are believed to have been killed. by the evening, tahrir square, the heart of official cairo, was in the hands of the demonstrators. they were using
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the word "revolution". the earthquake singled out buildings, and brought them down in seconds. tonight, the search for any survivors has an increasing desperation about it as the hours pass. the new government is firmly in control of the entire republic of uganda. moscow got its first taste of western fast food, as mcdonald's opened its biggest restaurant, in pushkin square. but the hundreds of muscovites who queued up today won't find it cheap, with a big mac costing half a day's wages for the average russian. you're watching newsday on the bbc. thank you forjoining us. our top stories: with the stroke of a pen, donald trump cancels us involvement in a massive
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free trade deal. fresh outbreaks of bird flu across asia and europe, including china, where the number of human cases goes up. we often report china's problems with smog, but now london has been forced to declare its first very high pollution alert. that story is popular on bbc.com. let's take a look at some front pages from around the world. the japan times reports that as president trump was sworn in prime minister shinzo abe expressed his eagerness to arrange a summit "as soon as possible." mr abe vowed to make what he called an "unwavering" japan—us alliance even stronger. the china daily writes that beijing is calling for the us to stick to the one—china principle and strictly limit its relationship with taiwan. but the paper says china's president xi jinping also sent donald trump
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a message of congratulations. the straits times reports on mr trump's signing off executive orders to withdraw from the tra ns—pacific partnership, the tpp trade pact. the newspaper carries trump's quote saying, "great thing for the american worker what we just did." those are the top stories of major global publications. lots of discussions online on who might be the next chief executive in hong kong. lots of speculation, rico. she's considered beijing's top choice to be hong's chief executive, but carrie lam's the subject of mockery online. that's because she took a taxi to her former residence to fetch more toilet rolls. even more bizarre, she shared the details of her loo paper adventure to reporters over the weekend. make of that what you will.
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we brought you the news yesterday that two men had been gored to death in tamil nadu in a controversial bull festival. a new law passed by the state has reintroduced the event after it was banned on grounds of animal cruetly. well, as sanjoy majumder now reports, the reemergence of the event is dividing opinion. violence spilling onto the streets of chennai after days of largely peaceful protest. several vehicles we re peaceful protest. several vehicles were set on fire and a police station was attacked. all this because the police tried to clear the streets of thousands of protesters who had camped there for several days. eventually, many of them were forcibly removed by the police, who even fired teargas shells. the police have now taken up position across the city to try and
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keep peace. the protesters want a centuries—old festival to be made com pletely centuries—old festival to be made completely legal. it involves a traditionalform of completely legal. it involves a traditional form of bullfighting completely legal. it involves a traditionalform of bullfighting in which a bull is released into a crowd as young men attempt to forcibly righted. but there have been moves to ban it both to protect the animals as well as those who ta ke the animals as well as those who take part in it. while there are tensions on the streets of tamil nadu this is where all decisions on the future are being taken. the indian supreme court, which banned the festival three years ago only to haveit the festival three years ago only to have it temporarily overturned by a recent federal government order. now, later this week the supreme court will hear petitions by animal rights groups campaigning to have the ban reinstated on grounds that jallikattu poses a threat to animals. but for the supporters of the festival, this is seen as striking at something which is at the very centre of tamil culture and
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identity. there is much more on sanjoy's report on bbc news, on analysis and the impact of the overturning of the ban on the state in india, that is bbc.com/news. we heard earlier about the huge migration that precedes chinese new year. millions of people will return to their home towns to celebrate with theirfamilies. there are many traditions associated with the spring festival, as stephen mcdonell reports from beijing. chinese new year is the most important festival here and it involves millions of people returning to their home towns to celebrate with their families. there are many traditions associated with the so—called spring festival, including the giving of red envelopes. older people usually give them to younger people and inside there is money. this is sometimes associated with the joke line,
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"hgppy associated with the joke line, "happy new year, now krakow the red envelopes uncle wong" and these days you can give them a little —— electronically using mobile phone apps and you can even hide the virtual envelope somewhere in the street for a friend and relative to come and harmful. this woman is from alli an, which developed this feature. —— alliay. so, imagine, i have come a long here, iam so, imagine, i have come a long here, i am hunting, so, imagine, i have come a long here, iam hunting, hunting, hunting and, bang, you i've got it. these apps are popular here because
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chinese people don't seem to mind mixing tradition and high—tech. either way, however they're delivered, as long as the red envelopes keep loving this is bound to make for a very happy year of the rooster. stephen, send me one of those red packets, please. they faced death threats and intimidation for daring to perform, but afghanistan's first all—female orchestra are charting a new destiny for themselves through music. the 35 musicians made their debut at the world economic forum recently in davos and go by the name zorra. but reaching the global stage has often proved an uphill battle and many members have endured conservative backlash. elainejung has their story. the sounds of afghanistan's music coming back to the floor. once silenced under the taliban it has taken silenced under the taliban it has ta ke n yea rs silenced under the taliban it has taken years for silenced under the taliban it has ta ken yea rs for afg ha ns to silenced under the taliban it has taken years for afghans to reclaim. and these are the young women at its
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helm. the all—female orchestra is named zorra and is largely made up of sitars, violins and hand drums. this woman is the first woman conductor. it was really hard for me to tell my family that i want to study music, and i want to start music, so ijust told my mum and dad that i really want to learn music. and my mum is a great supporter of me and she has always been behind me and supporting me. and also my dad is, like, a big mountain behind me. like zarifa, many here are from poor families and battle conservative views. some even islamist death threats and intimidation. this woman is from an orphanage and started learning music in secret.” is from an orphanage and started learning music in secret. i didn't see any girl playing instrument, music instrument, so i decided i have to play it and it will be good,
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and it will be, like, amazing that i am playing some instrument and i passed the exam in music school, so icame to passed the exam in music school, so i came to music school. despite the challenges, zorra made its global debut at the world economic forum in switzerland. nassir‘s the movement brainchild and he believes the female orchestra is the best response to extremists. afghanistan needs more than anything to benefit from the healing power of music. they are living in a tough environment. there is a lot of pressure, concern about security and safety, but at the end of the day it is music which makes them very strong and gives them hope for the future. and it allows them to be the
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wonderful role model for other young afg ha n wonderful role model for other young afghan girls. there is a shared vision among these young women of growing the orchestra and making afg ha n growing the orchestra and making afghan music heard around the world. lovely music. you have been watching newsday. i'm rico hizon in singapore. stay with us. we will be taking a look of the impact on asian companies of the dismantling of the tra ns—pacific partnership. and i am babita sharma in london. and before we go, let's take a look at these pictures. three puppies have been rescued alive from the ruins of a mountain hotel in abruzzo, central italy, which was engulfed by an avalanche five days ago. it's raised hopes that more human survivors could yet be found. that's all for now. stay with bbc world news. we are back with the headlines next. see you soon. hello there. well, as forecast,
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dense, freezing fog caused problems to travel for monday morning at it really was quite extensive and dense in places, as this photograph proves in staffordshire. it lingered on across parts of the south—east. where it lingered it felt quite cold, temperatures hovering around freezing. there was some sunshine around and the return of clear skies overnight means freezing fog will make a return which will let us see further travel disruptions on tuesday morning. keep tuned to bbc radio and head online for the update. widespread freezing fog developing for england and wales. more of a breeze for scotland and northern ireland and mild air pushing in with a brief of rain. it will be a cold start for england and were. you can see most of the temperatures freezing or below and the fog will be dense, so take care, give yourself time on the roads. more of a breeze in western england and wales, so i think fog free here. maybe a little brightness. quite a contrast for scotland and northern
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ireland, with a mild start to the day than what we saw yesterday morning, temperatures in high single figures. they will be a lot of cloud, quite a breeze and outbreaks of rainfor cloud, quite a breeze and outbreaks of rain for the western slopes of scotland. through the day it remains quite cloudy and dull here, maybe further spits and spots of rain, some pushing into western wales and the south—west of england, but where we hold onto the cloud it will be relatively mild. temperatures ten, maybe 11 degrees, but further east we should see the fog lifting to sunshine, but it will feel quite cold. whether fog sunshine, but it will feel quite cold. whetherfog lingers it will feel very cold with temperatures around freezing. the fog returns on wednesday morning for east and south—eastern areas. it will lift into low cloud, stating quite grey and coal. a little sunshine further north and west, remains in breezy and cloudy for scotland and northern ireland with further our press of rain, just making double figures, feeling cold elsewhere though, with the south—west especially —— south—east especially. we pick up a strong south—easterly wind, that
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will feed in a lot of cold and very dry airoff the will feed in a lot of cold and very dry air off the new continent, and it's going to feel quite bitter if you add on the strength of the wind. now, because it is dry air, you should see the cloud in the morning breaking up, so it is a grey start and then the sunshine will come through for central and southern areas. maybe some spots of rain just getting into western scotland and northern ireland once again. temperatures around five or six degrees but for eastern areas 1—5 degrees, at on the wind and it will feel more like —3 to —5. i'm babita sharma with bbc world news. our top story: president trump cancels a massive free trade deal, the trans pacific partnership. it's a decisive shift in america's dealings with the rest of the world. the deal negotiated by the obama administration was never ratified. mr trump said the move was "great for the american worker. mr trump said the move was great
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for the american worker. and this story is trending on bbc.com. the world health organization has warned about the growing number of cases of bird flu. different strains have been spreading across asia and europe, leading to large scale slaughtering. and this story is trending on bbc.com. three puppies have been discovered alive five days after an avalanche hit a hotel in central italy. it's raised hopes that some of the 22 people still missing may be found in the ruins of the mountain hotel in abruzzo. that's all from me now. stay with bbc world news. now it's time for hardtalk.
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