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tv   BBC News  BBC News  January 25, 2017 5:00am-5:31am GMT

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hello you're watching bbc world news. i'm adnan nawaz. our top story this hour: president trump prepares to unveil restrictions on immigration. just like he said in the campaign — the measures are likely to include tighter security on the border with mexico. welcome to the programme. our other main stories this hour: "grave concern" — the head of the un criticises israel's plans for 2,500 more settlement homes on occupied palestinian land in the west bank. six years after the start of the egyptian uprising, we meet some of those whose hopes for a better future were crushed. we will ask them, what now? i'm sally bundock. in business: mexico's economy and foreign ministers brace for talks with us trade officials, as president trump tells car makers they must build more vehicles in america. a warning from lego that more must
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be done in china to stop counterfeiters, as its own master builder struggles to tell a fake brick from a real one. president donald trump is reportedly preparing to sign several executive orders aimed at restricting immigration. american media say he will sign an order tightening security along the mexican border. he's also said to be seeking tougher visa regulations for citizens from seven middle eastern and african countries. mr trump tweeted that it would be a big day for national security. let's get more now from david willis in washington. what is going to happen and when? immigration reform was the centrepiece of donald trump's run
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for resident. he believes basically that some sort of reform is in the interest in the safety and security of american port and for the american economy. he proposed building a wall along the border with mexico to stem the flow of immigrants across it which is something he said the mexican government will be paying for. he proposed at one point banning all muslims only to row back on that proposal only to talk about extreme abetting from people coming from certain countries. later today, abetting from people coming from certain countries. latertoday, mr trump is expected to sign executive orders related to immigration. he tweeted about a big plan on national security tomorrow and among other things, we will build the wall.
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there are reports that later in the week he will continue with the immigration team & executive order is basically closing american borders to refugees and limiting access to the united states to citizens from seven african and middle eastern countries, all of them predominantly muslim populations. to those who voted for donald trump, this could not be more welcome. it was something he flagged in advance but to those who did not vote for him it is deeply troubling and a sign that a country which has traditionally been a welcoming to immigrants is going in precisely the opposite direction. reuters, with a source asked not to be identified, said syria, iran, libya, sudan and
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yemen saying that people from those countries will have their visas blocked. it is more extreme than vetting. what is interesting about at least, it does not in clued countries like egypt, jordan, saudi arabia — the middle eastern countries that are friendly to the united states in countries which the new president needs to have if he is to be filled his big omission, that of combating the so—called islamic state. —— his big mission. president trump has reignited several major environmental disputes in the united states. he's used executive orders to sign into action moves to re—launch some controversial oil pipelines. protests against the plans have already begun, with demonstrations in new york and washington. the new president has also instituted a media blackout at the us environmental protection agency. in the past, he's questioned the scientific evidence for climate change
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and previously stated it's a concept created by china. the actress, jane fonda was in new york, protesting against the two new pipelines. i call him the "predator in chief" and i say we must never normalise him, we must never legitimise him. he did not win the majority of american votes and it was an election that was interfered with by foreign. . . by russia and there was a lot of fake news and he should not be legitimised. let's round—up some of the other main stories: british members of parliament have repeated their call for the government to publish its plan for brexit in a formal policy document. the demands follow the supreme court ruling that parliament's consent must be given to trigger the process for leaving to the eu. the legislation could be introduced as early as wednesday. the french president, francois hollande, has been meeting leaders of colombia's largest rebel movement, the farc, at a rural camp in the west of the country. mr hollande offered financial support for de—mining programmes and the search for the disappeared. russia, iran and turkey have agreed
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to set up a mechanism to monitor the fragile ceasefire in syria. they've issued a joint declaration at the end of two days of peace talks in kazakhstan. the sponsors of the negotiations between the syrian government and rebel groups said there was no military solution to the six—year—old conflict. there's been strong criticism of the announcement by israel that it plans to build 2,500 more settlement homes in the occupied west bank. the israeli defence ministry says most of the new homes will be in existing settlement blocs, including ariel and givat zeev. however, a government breakdown of the plans shows large portions of the new homes will be built outside existing blocs. the ministry says the move is in response to housing needs. with more, here's our correspondent in jerusalem, mark lowen. this is the second time in the space of a week that the israeli government has announced more building in settlements, 2,500 homes to be built in occupied... ..the occupied west bank
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and over the weekend there was an announcement that over 560 new homes would be built in settlements in occupied east jerusalem. both of these announcements coming after the inauguration of donald trump. a feeling here that the israeli government is feeling emboldened, even encouraged by the new administration in the us to build more in the settlements after the relationship between israel and the us under barack 0bama plummeted partly over the issue of settlement building. mr 0bama was fiercely opposed to the settlements, he allowed a un resolution to pass last month condemning israeli building in the settlements but donald trump, his son—in—law, and his pick for us ambassador to israel have all donated to the settlements and clearly are going to take a much more pro—israeli policy. but there's also a feeling this is being done partly for domestic political consumption because the prime minister here, benjamin netanyahu, is facing a big challenge here from the far right. so he's trying to burnish his right wing credentials by choosing
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an issue that will go down well with nationalists, ie settlement building. now, the issue of settlements is so contentious because it violates international law according to the un and it's being built in areas that the palestinians want for a future state that are going beyond israel's borders according to the 1967 border demarcation. mark lowen. the united nations considers the settlements to be illegal, and a spokesperson for the un secretary general, antonio guterres, has released a statement saying: a spokesman for the palestinian president said the move
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would promote terrorism and extremism. palestinian officials said the plans undermine the hope for peace. translation: we consider all settlements illegal and they have to be removed. there are clear international resolutions by the security council and most recently the resolution which states the settlements are illegal with international consensus. this decision needs a stand from the international community and we will never agree for this government to continue all its crimes and aggression towards the palestinian people. and sally is here with all the business news. tpp day ago and now? nafta is the one in the firing line top it would seem possibly today. mexico's economy and foreign ministers are due to meet top us officials later today, as they brace for the renegotiation of nafta — the north american free trade agreement. president trump is pushing to bring more manufacturing jobs back to the us. he's already met with the heads of ford, general motors
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and fiat—chrysler, telling them they must make more of their cars in america. the us is a key market for mexico. taking a look at this graph — you can see its exports to the us have surged since nafta came into force in 1991. mexico now sells more than $270 billion worth of goods to the us every year. it is critical to that economy. it's thought talks between mexico and the us will focus on so—called rules of origin, which limits the proportion of a product which comes from outside north america. if limits were tightened, it could boost manufacturing in the region. but the big question — can this be achieved in production lines with incredibly complicated supply chains like the car industry?
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and what about tariffs? we'll have an expert opinion. they are mini figures. they are tiny little figures that have made a danish toy firm iconic across the world — but could you tell the difference between a real lego figure and a copy cat? the man in charge of making them at lego's huge new factory in china couldn't — which shows you the challenge lego is facing as it tries to expand aggressively in asia. it's told the bbc that authorities in china need to do more to tackle fake goods. we'll have a special report from shanghai. we will have all the other business
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stories and that is coming up in less tha n stories and that is coming up in less than 20 minutes. this week marks six years since the popular uprising in egypt which ousted the country's long standing president, hosni mubarak. it was a key moment in what became known as the arab spring. parliamentary elections followed his departure, butjust two years later, abdel fattah al—sisi, head of the egyptian army, seized power in a military coup and was soon elected as president. as he fights against a struggling economy and an islamist insurgency, our middle east correspondent 0rla guerin reports on why he's accused of crushing dissent, and the hopes of many involved in the original uprising. president abdel fattah al—sisi, a middle eastern leader of the old school, who soared to power with the help of the military. president trump already seems to view him as a brother in arms. he says he's waging war on terrorism here, critics say he's also waging war on dissent. we met one of the casualties of that conflict, mahmoud muhammed hussein, who's 21. he says every step is a reminder
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of dark days behind bars. here's what can happen to those who oppose the president, police firing on unarmed demonstrators with live rounds. this was the anniversary of the revolution three years ago, the day of mahmoud's arrest. he says he was on the streets to celebrate the revolution, not to protest. his crime was wearing this t—shirt with the slogan, "a nation without torture." translation: i was abused at the checkpoint where i was arrested, then they transferred me to the police station. i was electrocuted on my private parts, they kicked me with their military boots and hit me with sticks. every one of them knew i was there because of the t—shirt. they believed this was a personal insult to them, so they beat me.
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he says they made sure to beat his leg, which was already injured. and this, combined with medical neglect, left him reliant on a crutch. mahmoud was charged with attending a banned protest and joining a terrorist group, which he denies. he was held without trial for over two years. since his release, he has received death threats, but he refuses to be silenced. translation: in egypt, my rights and the right of thousands of others like me are violated just for dreaming or hoping forfreedom. their destiny is prison or death. that's not going to stop me from speaking out or caring for thousands like me. mahmoud seeks refuge in drawing. the authorities deny there is systematic torture here, but say there may be individual cases. he says he and others will keep trying to craft
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a better future for egypt. 0rla guerin, bbc news, cairo. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: small houses but big dreams — the bolivian festival where people pray for their model homes to become reality. the shuttle challenger exploded soon after liftoff. there were seven astronauts on board, one of them a woman school teacher. all of them are believed to have been killed. by the evening, tahrir square, the heart of official cairo, was in the hands of the demonstrators. they were using the word "revolution". the earthquake singled out buildings, and brought them down in seconds. tonight, the search for any survivors has an increasing desperation about it as the hours pass.
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the new government is firmly in control of the entire republic of uganda. moscow got its first taste of western fast food as mcdonald's opened their biggest restaurant in pushkin square. but the hundreds of muscovites who queued up today won't find it cheap, with a big mac costing half the day's wages for the average russian. this is bbc world news, i'm adnan nawaz. the latest headlines: president donald trump is reportedly preparing to sign several executive orders aimed at restricting immigration, including along the border with mexico and from several middle eastern countries. the head of the un has expressed grave concern at israel's announcement of 2,500 more settler homes on palestinian land in the occupied west bank. women are experiencing widespread discrimination on how to dress at work, according to a british parliamentary report.
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mps heard from hundreds of women who reported that the dress codes they were subject to were sexist. they began an inquiry after a receptionist was sent home for refusing to wear high heels. here is our business correspondent emma simpson. what to wear at work. sometimes there is no choice, and it is not a lwa ys there is no choice, and it is not always attractive. at what about being ordered to wear high heels. when nicola thorp arrived for her first day at work she was told i her employment agency she must wear shoes with a two to four inch heel. when she refused, she was sent home without pay. what they say it gives them a more professional look a corporate, professional look. i'm not sure why adding two or four inch to my height makes me more professional or makes me walk in a professional or makes me walk in a professional manner. i don't think it affects how i come across. you can see me now, this is exactly what
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i would be wearing and if it is a matter of a couple of inches, i can stand taller without wearing heels. she then started a petition which led to an enquiry by mps, who now wa nt led to an enquiry by mps, who now want action from the government. we have come up with three recommendations, firstly that the equalities act of 2010 isn't quite addressing that it. secondly, we wa nt to addressing that it. secondly, we want to raise awareness that, in, wearing high heels or make—up may be a health and safety issue in the workplace. and thirdly, we are going to hopefully, if it doesn't work, then we will be taking people to court. there will be tribunal ‘s. then we will be taking people to court. there will be tribunal 's. at this company, receptionists can wear what they like. in its evidence, the government said the existing law was clear, and that the dress code imposed on nicola was unlawful. but the mps are calling on the government to do more to make the law more effective in protecting employees from discrimination at work. during the us election campaign we heard a lot from donald trump threatening to impose high tariffs on chinese imports,
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something which could lead to a trade war. 0ur beijing correspondent john sudworth reports on how china might respond to the new american administration. china was once isolated behind its great wall. but it was here, too, that its emergence onto the world stage began. in 1972, another combative and controversial us republican president stood on this wall, and used it as a metaphor. richard nixon's speech that day looked to a future in which there are no walls between people, laying the foundations, of course, for one of the most important bilateral trading relationships the world has ever seen. the benefits of that relationship have been celebrated by every president since, until now. america threatens china with 45% import duties on a range of its products.
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so what are the chinese going to do? the chinese aren't going to just take it. they're going to respond more or less in kind, probably. what are the potential dangers in donald trump's strategy? this is very disturbing. and the consequences for the international system and for of the health of the global economy could be enormous. but, at a briefing by senior chinese diplomats, i put it to them that mr trump is not so much attacking free trade as unfair trade. shouldn't china do more to put its money where its mouth is, removing the big subsidies to state—owned enterprises, removing some of the restrictions and denial of market access that still hinders so many foreign companies trying to do business here? i understand what you mean, but in general, the direction is there, the effort is there, and i have very,
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very strong belief and confidence in an improved — an improved general environment for foreign companies. these days, tourists can gaze into a period in chinese history when its reluctant rulers were forced to trade by occupying foreign armies. few us companies that do business in china today would dispute that significant barriers to trade remain. the question, though, is whether to conjole or to coerce and mr trump, it seems, may be about to embark upon his own version of gunboat diplomacy. 0ver that much—traded commodity, tea, i asked about mr trump's threat to challenge china's territorial claims unless it makes concessions on trade. translation: he plays with fire. mr trump plays with fire,
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but china also has fire, and it's going to burn him. it is trade, of course, that has made the china a wealthy superpower, and the stakes couldn't be higher. john sudworth, bbc news. serena williams will pay croatia's mirjana lucic—baroni in the semi—finals of the australian open tennis. williams has beaten the number nine seed from britain, johanna konta, 6—2, 6—3. before that, lucic—baroni made it through to her first grand slam semi—final since 1999. there were tears ofjoy for the world number 79 as she beat the number five seed, karolina pliskova, in three sets. sweden's daniel bodin has pulled off the first successful double backflip in a snowmobile. the double backflip has been the holy grail of freestyle snowmobilers, and bodin has done it. his reaction afterwards was...
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idid it! i can't believe i did it! the rush! itjust can't be described. nobody in this world can understand the feeling. i've nurtured the dream about nailing this trick more than two years. 0thers others have crashed while trying. an annual festival in which people express their hopes through miniature representations has been taking place in bolivia. it is the native american aymara festival, and in la paz, people have been buying doll—sized houses and cars in a hope that the god of abundance will help make their dreams come true in the coming year. catriona renton reports. the ideal home, with a luxury car, and money, lots of it. at the festival of alasitas, in la paz, the aymaran people are dreaming big, buying miniature versions of all the things they would like to have in the coming year. these toads, symbols of wealth. and roosters, some women believe they will bring them a husband. once they have bought what they hope
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for, they are then blessed by priests, and make offerings of cigarettes and alcohol to ekeko, the god of abundance, in the hope that these symbols may one day become reality. translation: i have always received this blessing from the father. may he bless me with a house, money, work, and good health. 0riginally, when the festival began, people exchanged symbols representing good harvests and food. now, it has evolved. this year there is a new lucky charm, tiny water tanks, as bolivia has been suffering its worst drought in 25 years. translation: this is the little fortune house here, made of wood and glass. this house has a small water tank because, in bolivia, we are suffering water shortages. we ask the god of abundance and the virgin that we may have water in these tanks in our houses. people will keep these symbols
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of their wishes in their homes all year, as a reminder. but, it is said, for the blessing to really work, you can't buy anything for yourself. instead, you must receive the miniatures as gifts. 0ne one of london's most famous sites, apart from telephone booths and big red buses, here are some passengers doing exactly that. we could have found a red one, surely. these pooches are doing what people do every day in the famous city, sitting on a double—decker, looking out of the window, watching life go by. i suppose most passengers don't park at people on the pavement. i don't know where these pictures come from, the producerjust put them in there because they thought you would like to see them. goodbye.
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hello. wednesday will start quite windy across some northern and western parts of the uk, but foggy again across portions of southern, central and eastern england, and that fog could be dense in places as well, so check the situation before you head out. so some dense, freezing fog patches around here, but too much wind towards the west of the uk for any fog to start off on wednesday. where we have the thickest fog, the lowest temperatures overnight, too. that is where we start wednesday with frost. in places, that frost could make things a little bit icy on some untreated surfaces. look at the strength of the wind for the far south—east of england, into western parts of wales to begin the day. could see a few fog patches, though, into the welsh marches, into yorkshire. for scotland and northern ireland a distinctly breezy, quite windy, gusty start to the day. plenty of cloud, and some patches of light rain or drizzle around,
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particularly into western parts of scotland. that should fade, and come back again later in the day, continuing with gusty winds. just a few brighter spells here and there. sunnier areas through south—west england, wales, into northern england. but cloudier picture once that fog lifts into south—east england and east anglia, compared to tuesday. and it will feel colder as a result, but getting to 10 degrees belfast, 11 in western isles. as we go through wednesday night and into thursday, just switching the wind direction a little bit, still from the south more than the south—east, and that means we draw up across the uk quite a raw feed of air from the freezing near—continent, and that will have an impact on how it feels on thursday. variable cloud, some sunny spells, maybe a few flurries to begin the day in a few spots, maybe a little bit icy in some spots, too. frosty as well, but with that wind, despite all the sunshine, the day, it will feel like it is at or below freezing for many areas. so a cold, raw feeling day on thursday.
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still quite chilly across eastern parts of the uk on friday. to the west on friday, more cloud coming in. we start to see a few showers around, and that looks like giving an unsettled start to the weekend. there is a little weather disturbance comes our way, and especially into parts of england and wales at the start of the weekend, there could be some heavy downpours around. so we will keep you updated on that. sunday looks quieter, mind you. more of us get to see some sunshine, and although less chilly by the weekend, still the scope for getting some overnight frost, and still some fog patches around at times too. this is bbc world news, the headlines: president trump is reportedly preparing executive orders
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to restrict immigration. american media say he will order greater security along the mexican border and impose tougher visa checks on seven predominantly muslim countries. the israeli government has approved plans to build 2,500 more homes on occupied palestinian land in the west bank. palestinian officials say it will fuel extremism and make any peace deal more difficult british members of parliament have repeated their call for the government to publish its plan for leaving the european union as a formal policy document. on tuesday the supreme court ruled that brexit required parliament's consent. president hollande of france has been meeting leaders of colombia's largest rebel movement, the farc. mr hollande — accompanied by president santos — offered support for de—mining programmes and the search for the disappeared.
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