welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to our viewers in north america and around the globe. my name's mike embley. our top stories: mexico's president condemns the decision by america's new president to build a border wall. donald trump says mexico will end up paying. in his first interview since taking office, the us president insists torture works, but there's unease in the intelligence community. chile suffers its worst wildfires in half a century, the us sends the world's biggest air tanker to help fight the flames. and mary tyler moore, the groundbreaking american television and film star, dies at the age of 80. mexico's president has condemned the decision by us president donald trump to build a fortified wall along the us—mexico border. he repeated that his country
would not pay for it. in a video message, president enrique pena nieto did not address reports that he was considering cancelling next week's visit to washington. president pena nieto said, "i regret and reject the decision of the us to build the wall", and he added that he would consult with top aides before deciding on his next moves. he said his government would do everything possible to protect the rights of migrants in the united states. earlier, president trump outlined how he plans to make good on one of his main campaign pledges. he promised that construction of a new wall, to run the length of the us—mexican border, would begin within months. and he restated that mexico would ultimately foot the bill. james cook reports. donald trump's signature pledge is now one step closer to reality. with a stroke of his pen, the new president ordered the construction of a great wall on the mexican border. it would begin, he said, within months. a nation without borders
is not a nation. beginning today, the united states of america gets back control of its borders. we're going to get the bad ones out. the criminals and the drug deals and gangs and gang members and cartel leaders. the day is over when they can stay in our country and wreak havoc. strengthening and extending the existing barrier on this frontier will be hugely expensive. mr trump has always insisted that mexico will pay, but mexico says it won't and the president now admits american taxpayers will have to cough up first. so who will pay for the wall? ultimately, it will come out of what's happening with mexico. we're going to be starting those negotiations relatively soon and we will be in a form reimbursed by mexico. so they'll pay us back? yes. absolutely. 100%. so the american taxpayer will pay for the wall at first? all it is, is we'll be reimbursed at a later date. but here in a mexican border city of tijuana,
business leaders are worried about the impact on trade and sceptical about the president's plans. the problem is that the majority of americans are not really familiar with the border and, consequently the idea of a wall seems to be appealing. we already have one. we call it the tortilla curtain, but the truth of the matter is that, you know, i think that's a symbol. this fence at the pacific ocean is the very start of the land border between mexico and the united states and president trump has always said he wants to build a much taller, a much better, much bigger wall, stretching all the way from here, nearly 2,000 miles to texas. # this land is your land. # this land is my land... but even in liberal california there's backing for president trump's hard line on immigration, not least from these supporters who call themselves the trumpettes.
i think it's a good thing. you know, i always say my scriptures ezekiel 22:30, "i sought for a man who build a wall." i was reading that the other day and it just stuck out in my spirit because we need protection, and i pray for america and i pray that god will shore up the border of our nation. as well as the wall, president trump is promising to deport immigrants who commit crimes, to cut funding to states like california which refuse to arrest most illegal aliens and to hire 10,000 more enforcement agents. his actions are bold, sweeping and intensely divisive. president trump has also reasserted his view that torture, including waterboarding, "works" as an interrogation technique. but he's also said he'll defer to his defence secretary and cia director. they've both spoken against it. torture is illegal. the bbc‘s katty kay spoke earlier to leon panetta, who served as head of the cia and the defense department under president 0bama.
i think it would be a serious mistake to take a backward step. the reality is that we really don't need to use enhanced interrogation in order to get the information that is required. general matters will say that. others in the intelligence agency will say that, the fbi believes that. i think it would be a mistake to go back to that and i think it could be damaging, in terms of our image to the rest of the world. in an interview with bbc news mrtrump world. in an interview with bbc news mr trump seems to say that while he was surprised that the new defence secretary does not think torture works. he has spoken to people in the intelligence community in the past 2a hours to have a different opinion and he is very much leaving
it on the table. what do you make of these differences in the opinion of these differences in the opinion of the administration? it is hard to know exactly what's going on in the president's cup and right now. he has spoken about going back to torture, but i think a lot of people regard that as not only a violation of our values in this country, but a violation of the costa chu shen. that was leon panetta. —— the constitution. in other news: so far the markets have reacted positively to donald trump's presidency. the main us share index, the dowjones, has passed the 20,000 mark for the first time. the markets anticipating that president trump's policies will promote economic growth. jihadist fighters in libya have lost one of their last remaining strongholds in the country's second city, benghazi. forces loyal to the military leader say they've finally driven local islamist militias out of the district of ganfouda. usain bolt‘s been stripped of one of his nine 0lympic golds
because a team—mate has been found guilty of doping. nesta carter was pa rt of the jamaican quartet that won the men's axioom relay at the 2008 games. his lawyer says he will appeal. a giant super tanker aircraft on loan from the united states has arrived in chile to help tackle the worst wildfires in the country's modern history. a state of emergency has been declared in a vast area south of the capital, santiago. chile's president ordered extra funds and resources to fight the fires as people called for help to save their homes and animals. sarah corker reports. in the tinder dry conditions, the flames spread quickly, sweeping through forests, farmland and towns across a vast area of southern and central chile. in the maule region, one of the worst affected areas, 4,000 properties have been evacuated. people fled as their homes burnt.
this is what's left of a tractor, a car, a neighbourhood. smouldering ashes all that now remain here. translation: it got here in seconds, in a second, and the wind blew and blew like a demon had entered the community. last week, the country declared a state of emergency. so far 85 fires have destroyed almost 2,000 square kilometres. the chilean president came to meet evacuees. translation: there are several families that were affected, losing everything. the decision for them to evacuate was hard because they wanted to stay and fight the fire until the end. they also want to know what support they'll get from the state. from the ground and from the air, firefighters tried to control the flames.
international help has come from france, peru and mexico and on wednesday the world's biggest firefighting plane arrived on loan from the united states. the country's famous vineyards haven't escaped either. the fires causing irreversible damage. translation: our evaluation is catastrophic from the point of view that it is not only direct damage to the vineyards that are totally burnt, but the grape harvest that has also been affected. some of the fires may have been started intentionally, the president said, and there have been a number of arrests. four firefighters have died and officials warned 35 fires are still out of control. sarah corker, bbc news. rescue teams in italy have found more bodies in the ruins of a hotel engulfed by an avalanche last week. 2a people are now known to have been killed, another five are still missing.
james reynolds has been speaking to two of the survivors, —— survivors. how many of us will ever know what it's like to come back to life? on saturday, vincenzo forti and giorgia galassi were pulled from the hotel rigopiano. the couple had been trapped underground for 59 hours. this afternoon we met them at home, they told me what happened when the avalanche hit. translation: it felt like a bomb, i felt glass exploding and it felt as if an entire wall had hit me. somewhere underneath these tonnes of snow and debris, they were jammed together in a tiny space. translation: i looked at vincenzo and i was panicking, the first thing he told me was, we have got to be calm. we just have to wait. i touched him to see if we were ok, if we were injured. we were lucky, we were alive. translation: i thought
we would be trapped for a week. i didn't want to tell her. after two days rescuers made contact with them. translation: when we heard a rescuer it was as if an angel was talking to us. as if someone had come to pick us up literally from under the ground. i was born again. it was a miracle. ifeel as if i've been brought to the world for a second time. and this time not by my mum, but by god. they survived, but many others died. a week on, rescuers continue to search for those still missing under the snow. james reynolds, bbc news, central italy. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: making friends in asia — why donald trump is hoping to forge a strong relationship with india. the shuttle challenger
exploded soon after liftoff. there were seven astronauts on board, one of them a woman school teacher. all of them are believed to have been killed. by the evening, tahrir square, the heart of official cairo, was in the hands of the demonstrators. they were using the word "revolution". the earthquake singled out buildings, and brought them down in seconds. tonight, the search for any survivors has an increasing desperation about it as the hours pass. the new government is firmly in control of the entire republic of uganda. moscow got its first taste of western fast food as mcdonald's opened their biggest restaurant in pushkin square. but the hundreds of muscovites who queued up today won't find it cheap,
with a big mac costing half the day's wages for the average russian. this is bbc news. the latest headlines: mexico's resident has contend the decision to build the border wall within months. donald trump says mexico will end up paying. a giant super tanker aircraft on loan from the united states has arrived in chile to help tackle the worst wildfires in the country's modern history. more on our top story, president trump's order for a wall to be built on the mexican border. clarissa martinez—de—castro is the deputy vice president of national council of la raza a latino civil rights and advocacy organisation in the us. which told you. we will talk about the war in a moment. on the deportations, this executive order
expands the definition of the so—called criminal aliens, people due for debilitation. but the dreamers, those people who came to the us and legally as children, will be ok. barack obama deported millions of people. is this really that much of a change on the deportations specifically?m that much of a change on the deportations specifically? it is. the reason is this. the reality is trumped is talking about security. this is nothing but politics. opening up the doors for going not only for emigrants but the racial profiling of latinos in the united states as well as any other american who is perceived or considered to be an immigrant. in the united states, almost eight out of ten latinos are united states citizens. however, whenever we see the immigration debate turned this toxic, it
concerns the civil rights every latina who gets harassed by police. when mrtrump latina who gets harassed by police. when mr trump announced today, it pushes local police to become immigration agents. something that law enforcement in any part of the country has spoken up against because it actually undermines their ability to preserve the safety of the communities they need to serve. on that point or extending that point, the moves to block the federal grants, the so—called century cities, places like boston, la, which it refused to hand over immigrants and went even check peoples immigration papers, there are concerns that that constrains relations. how do you think the cities will respond? that is one of the problems. what we are seeing is that president trump is using corrosive lies about the immigrant community to try to add vance polities that are about pure
repression —— advance. for example, this is a good case where he is actually trying to bully cities who are trying to disengage. nothing prevents a law enforcement at the moment when an immigrant commits us to have —— serious crime being detained but this notice and of cities, if you are an immigrant in the cities, you can get away with anything. that is simply not the reality. we are seeing, following the announcement, mayors from all these cities, are vowing to stand up to these policies because they see how destructive they can be economically to the safety and also the safety of their communities. economically to the safety and also the safety of their communitieslj think the safety of their communities.” think all these issues are going to
be coming back and we will be talking again. thank you. thank you. this is coliseum politics at its worse and we are going to fight them all the way together with many other communities, including muslims who tomorrow will probably be in a line of fire tomorrow will probably be in a line offire in tomorrow will probably be in a line of fire in this administration. it's very likely we will be talking again. clarissa martinez—de—castro of national council of la raza. thank you. president trump's immigration plans also include suspending the issuing of visas to seven countries — all predominantly muslim. but there's one country that president trump is striving to build close ties with. on tuesday he called the indian prime minister, narendra modi, after an election campaign in which he worked hard to garner support from america's hindus. rickin majithia, from the bbc asian network, reports. we love the hindus. we love india. he may have come under criticism for his statements on minorities living in the united states but there is one group of americans donald trump has cosied up to. back in october, donald trump
addressed the republican hindu coalition. the man who invited him there and donated nearly $1 million to his campaign was shalli kumar. he is gonig to introduce a government or a running government that is by the people, for the people, of the people and not some special interest groups which benefit only certain groups. despite being an immigrant to the united states himself, mr kumar is comfortable with the president's plan to build a wall on the mexican border. he also welcomes plans to make it harder for people from several muslim—majority countries to come to the united states. if you need to profile, you need to profile. i mean, you know, how does israel protect its airlines? they profile the customers that are coming in. and so security is very essential in the world we are living in. the republican hindu coalition does not speak for all america's hindus. the community of more than two million people has traditionally
voted democrat but president trump's statements on india has won him some new admirers. we are going to become even better friends. in fact, i will take the word "even" out, because we are going to be best friends. there won't be any relations more important to us. on tuesday, india's prime minister, narendra modi, became one of the first world leaders to receive a call from the new president. a white house statement said that washington considers india a true friend and a partner in addressing challengers around the world. in the months to come diplomats will be watching closely to see if this apparent closeness with new delhi will lead to a change in amrican policy towards the region. rickin majithia, bbc news. british scientists have identified 14 new disorders affecting children after analysing the genes of thousands of children — with rare, undiagnosed conditions. identifying the genes responsible should lead to a greater understanding of the serious disorders which affect the development of the brain
and body — and might eventually lead to treatments. our medical correspondent fergus walsh has the story. caitlin, so nice to meet you. a big moment for these two families, meeting for the first time. ten—year—old tamika and nine—year—old caitlin have the same newly identified genetic condition, called cdk 13 disorder. there are only 11 known cases in the uk. the girls are so alike, they could be sisters. living so close, we could have easily bumped into each other. do you think we would have gone home with the wrong child? looking at them, it would have been easy, they are so similar. it's quite amazing to finally come across somebody who also has a child so different to anybody else's child and yet, here we are, and they are like twins. they are. to look at them, they are so similar, aren't they? the developmental disorder
affects the girls' learning and communication. why do you think you took the wrong child? tamika has good language skills, caitlin has only a few words. it gives me hope as well, seeing tamika talking so much. it definitely gives me hope that caitlyn's speech will form. this is where caitlin and tamika's genetic condition was identified, at the wellcome trust sanger institute near cambridge. they mapped their genes and found an identicalfault in their dna. but the mutation was not passed on by their parents. so how is that possible? each of us inherits half our dna from our mother, through the egg, and our father in the sperm. sometimes, when those genes are passed on, spontaneous mutations occur that cause rare developmental disorders in children. the older the parents, the more likely that is to happen. scientists here have identified 14
new developmental disorders and calculated that one in every 300 babies will be affected by a spontaneous genetic condition, not carried in their parents' dna. in the uk, that amounts to around 2,000 children every year. the research, in the journal nature, provides reassurance for many families all over the country. the discoveries end the long odyssey that these parents have had trying to find the underlying cause of their child's condition. it provides them with the risk for future pregnancies. which, for these conditions, is actually very low. and it provides opportunities for research into the causes and possible therapies that might be applied. katya was told last year that she had not passed on tamika's genetic condition and that gave her confidence to have another child, timo, who's unaffected. both families say being part of this research has been hugely rewarding. it's like belonging to a club
or a new—found family. yeah. it has felt like we've been, for the whole nine years, that we've just been on our own, that there's been no one else out there. but now, knowing that there are other families. all changed? yeah, completely. yeah. fergus walsh, bbc news. one of the comedy queens of the small screen has passed away. mary tyler moore created two iconic roles in the 1960s and 70s, and redefined the role of women on tv. peter bowes looks back at her extraordinary life and career. # how will you make it on yourown...# a darling of american television, mary tyler moore captivated audiences for more than half a century. she started out acting at the age of 17. within a year she was married and pregnant. six years later and divorced she got herfirst big break, playing laura petrie, a wholesome, independent—minded wife on the dick van dyke show.
it was the best fun. you just couldn't wait to get to work in the morning and you sort of hated to go home in the afternoon. in 1962 moore married the tv executive, grant tinker, and they formed mtm enterprises. its first tv series was the mary tyler moore show. set in minneapolis at a time when the women's liberation movement was growing, the sitcom was one of america's first prime—time programmes to feature a single working woman. that's just wonderful. in 1980, moore showed her acting abilities extended beyond comedy. buck never would have been in the hospital. that's enough! she played an icy, grieving mother in the film, ordinary people. it earned her a golden globe award she was nominated for an oscar. mary tyler moore had personal struggles. she battled alcoholism and diabetes and devoted much of her time to raising awareness.
i have struggled with my disease and confronted its tyranny every day of my life. in 1983, moore remarried and continued acting in films, on stage and television. she received a lifetime achievement award from the screen actors guild but she will always be remembered for that smile, sense of humour and independent spirit. this is the dramatic moment a commuter train cut a truck in half in the us state of utah. flashing lights and bells at the train crossing are thought not to have worked with spectacular results. fortunately and somewhat incredibly no—one was killed and the 80 people who were injured in the accident were not seriously hurt. much more on all the news on our bbc website. thank you for watching. good morning.
wednesday brought with it a day of contrasts. we had sopme beautiful sunshine out to the west, a depicted by this weatherwatcher‘s picture. lucky you. but unfortunately for many across the south—east saw some stubborn fog which lingered all day and made it feel cold. this was fog, good slice of sunshine behind, thicker cloud up into the north—west. and that's going to prevent temperatures from falling below freezing here but elsewhere it is going to be another cold night. a bit more of a breeze so not quite as much fog around but in rural spots it could be a bitterly cold start to the day, with temperatures down as low as —5 degrees. and it could be a little foggy, particularly to higher ground, and there could be some ice on untreated surfaces, so that's certainly worth baring in mind, and in particularly through pavements. a lot of cloud around first thing in the morning. it's going to be potentially a cold start, but we're dragging in a breeze from the south—easterly direction. it has been a bitterly cold in europe and that is going to make it feel really quite chilly if you are out and about through the day. always out towards the west,
the winds will be strong but the temperatures not quite as low but nevetheless it is going to be a windy start to the day and the winds will continue to feature in western areas. a good slice of dry weather around. a fair amount of cloud. eventually, that south—easterly breeze might just allow for some sunshine to come across southern england. but your thermometer may well say around 1—4 degrees, which is disappointing enough, but add on the strength and that cold source of the wind — it going to feel much colder than that. as we move out of thursday towards friday, the wind direction changes subtly, from a southerly. and it is allowing these weatherfronts to push in from the atlantic, so we start off potentially cold with a little bit of frost, particularly the further north you are, but as we go through the day, these weather fronts will bring some showery outbreaks of rain and eventually some milder air in as well — 8—10 degrees into the south—west, 3—5 in sheltered eastern areas. that marks a change as we move towards the weekend. so something a little less cold but a little more unsettled. with the weatherfront trying to push in from the west.
now, it looks as though we move out of saturday into sunday, there's a potential for more significant rain across southern england. a level of uncertainty just where that front is going to be sitting so keep watching the forecasts. that could bring some wet weather to the south. but double figures, slightly colder, but drier conditions up into the north. the cloud stays with us for the start of a new working week. but also double digits are likely to stay with us as well — 10 or 11 degrees the high. the latest headlines from bbc news. my name's mike embley: president trump's announcement that work will start within months on building a wall on the mexican border has met with condemnation from the mexican president. mexico's president, enrique pena nieto, has said in a video message his countru does not believe in walls, and would not pay for it. president trump has asserted once again that torture, including waterboarding, "absolutely works" in interrogations. but he told abc news he would defer
to his defence secretary and cia director, who have both spoken against it. torture is illegal. a giant super tanker aircraft on loan from the us has arrived in chile to help tackle the worst wildfires in the country's modern history. a state of emergency‘s been declared in a vast area south of the capital, santiago. chile's president ordered extra funds and resources to fight the fires. now on bbc news, it's hardtalk.