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tv   BBC News  BBC News  January 26, 2017 8:00pm-9:01pm GMT

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this is bbc news. the headlines at 8.00pm: trump talks tough on trade, telling fellow republicans he wants bilateral deals,that would include 30—day termination clauses. and there will be one—on—one deals and if that particular country doesn't treat us fairly, we send them a 30 day notice of termination. mr trump's comments come as theresa may touches down in the us — where she'll become the first world leader to meet the new president. we will bring you her speech live from philadelphia in this hour. suicide rates in prisons in england and wales have reached record levels — with 119 inmates taking their own lives during 2016. also this hour — strong consumer spending helps the economy grow faster than expected. new figures say it grew by 0.6% during the final quarter of last year — easing fears of a slowdown following the brexit vote. and tim peake reveals he's to return to the international space station, as the module he used to get him
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there last time goes on display. good evening and welcome to bbc news. president donald trump has again been talking tough on trade and border security at a republican party event. he reiterated his plan to make mexico to pay for the building of a border wall, and would put time limits on trade deals. the president said he wants to strike numerous bilateral trade deals, as opposed to multilateral deals. he says any new deal would include clauses to allow a 30—day termination notice. there will be one—on—one deals, and
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if that particular country doesn't treat us fairly, we send them a 30 day termination, notice of termination, and then they will come and say please don't do that, and we will negotiate a better period. you can't get out of it, it is like quicksand. plus we will have strong control over monetary manipulation and devaluation that they didn't have in tpp so this will be better and we are already on it. the president also spoke about the news that mexico's president enrique pena nieto had cancelled his planned trip to washington and reiterated that mexico would pay for his planned wall. border security is a serious, serious international issue and problem. a lack of security poses a substantial threat to the sovereignty and substantial threat to the sovereignty a nd safety substantial threat to the sovereignty and safety of the united states of america and its citizens.
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most illegal immigration is coming from our southern border. i've said many times that the american people will not pay for the wall. and i've made that clear to the government of mexico. nafta has been a terrible deal, total disasterfor mexico. nafta has been a terrible deal, total disaster for the united states from its inception, costing us as states from its inception, costing us as much as $60 billion a year, with mexico alone in trade deficits. you say, who negotiates these deals? and in that press conference president trump made a passing reference to his meeting with teresa may — the first time they'll have met since he took power. imean, i'm i mean, i'm meeting with the prime minister tomorrow, as you know, of great britain. so i meeting with her tomorrow. i don't have my county
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secretary. they want to talk trade, so secretary. they want to talk trade, so i'll have to handle it myself! he doesn't have a commons secretary yet because he is still seeing his appointments go through congress where they will have to meet approval. 0ur correspondent gary 0'donoghue is at that gathering in philadelphia. what impression did donald trump makes on his fellow republicans? well, he did what he seems to have been doing a lot of this week. he sort of did his stump speech. he slogan iced. he thought of beard all over the place talking about trade in one moment, we had law and order the next minute, talking about mexico in another minute. it was a real kind of lucky dip, if you like, in terms of what was coming up next. 0n the question
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of mexico he said it would be fruitless now to have the mexican president coming here next week, because they were refusing to pay for the wall. don't forget, he has come here to ask congressional republicans to pay for this wall up. mitch mcconnell was saying that could cost up to $15 million, some believe it could be a lot more than that. he is coming cap in hand in cents. don't forget congress has the power of the person in this country. president can do some things but it needs congress to stump up cash for him. we don't really know what the plan is for the american taxpayers to get their money back from this wall. they talk about taxing remittances but how do you do that? possibly visa charges but it is an awful lot of visas to hike to get your $15 billion back. a lot to pick over. a lot on trade. he was talking about bilateral deals. he likes
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bilateral deals and that is music to the ears of theresa may because it is politically essential for her to come away with some indication of that from the united states. but a word of warning, the reason why donald trump likes bilateral trade deals is because he believes that when it is america one—on—one with other countries, america will be able to dictate terms and he will put america first. i don't think you can necessarily expect a good deal if you are doing one—on—one with the us. thank you. with me in the studio is jan halper—hayes, who was a member of donald trump's transition team. the former worldwide president of the organisation who represents americans who live outside the us. thank you for squeezing off into your hectic schedule. how big is this transition still to be? how manyjobs has the president still got to appoint? and overall he has
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to appoint 4000. 652 need be approved by the senate, which is a big deal, especially as you might have heard him in his speech saying if they send it would only move, i would not have to handle the commerce negotiation on brexit. so there is little bit of the dragging of the feet on that. the transition teams on both the 0bama side and frankly on the hillary and trump side needed to start last april. it will continue at least through the year. you will be jetting backwards and forwards. it will give you some perspective on the negotiations they will have to follow. this visit by theresa may tomorrow, it is obviously important for the british. realistically, how important is it for the trump presidency? there are so for the trump presidency? there are so many factors. i have been here 15 yea rs. so many factors. i have been here 15 years. iam both so many factors. i have been here 15 years. i am both proud of trump and thrilled that prime minister may is over there, and that she is the
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first—everforeign over there, and that she is the first—ever foreign official, foreign leader, that attended the republican conference on policy. that says a lot right there. it bothered me to see some headlines in the morning papers here, don't make her the poodle. donald trump will respect her enormously, because, frankly, i think he holds her in higher regard than the other woman who is a leader ofa than the other woman who is a leader of a nation on this side of the pond. we are talking angela merkel. i think he is looking forward to it. he has thrown a potential spanner in the works, the fact that he wants these bilateral trade deals to have this 30 day termination notice. that is something that some countries mightfind is something that some countries might find rather hard to swallow? the best advice i can give you in interpreting donald trump is not to
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ta ke interpreting donald trump is not to take him literally but to take him seriously. and so, what happens it is things like that which get taken out of context. the fact is that he wa nts out of context. the fact is that he wants bilateral agreements so both sides can come back to the table. he does not want to do multilateral agreements. frankly, if he feels he will give 30 days notice, he would respect if the other side gives 30 days notice as well. that only saying our side goes along with america first. and as the prime minister said to journalists on board the plane as she travelled, she said of the visits will often attract. the not the same kind of political personalities —— opposites will often attract. she wants to make it clear she is not going to be a patsy in this. but she has to do a certain amount of schmoozing and wooing of donald trump. she needs to get him on board with issues like nato, four example. that is somewhere where the messages which
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came out from candidate trump caused a lot of worry on this side of the atlantic. and again, i would caution you. as a leader, i have not always agreed with how he handles things, but he has picked general matters. he views nato is unshakeable. —— general matters. rex to the sender is not always agree with him. he wa nts is not always agree with him. he wants that diversity. the complexity of government is really the multiplicity of so many stakeholders, so the more you bring those views together, the more you make people happy. let me ask you about an issue which has come up centre stage today which is border security. the war is going to be built but some might be concerned initially that it will be american taxpayers paying for it, congress have said they will set aside several billion dollars to pay for
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the wall. president enrique pena nieto has cancelled his visit but president trump said there is no point in having it if you are not going to pay for this, they are not going to pay for this, they are not going to pay for this, they are not going to stump up the money. what independent country would pay for something that another country wants built to keep its people out? let's look at why enrique pena nieto was refusing. this is only news which is coming out since 0bama is not in power any more. the cartels did a lot of funding of his campaign and getting him into the presidency. the war will prevent those cartels... that is a fairly serious allegation. iam not that is a fairly serious allegation. i am not making the allegation but these are the reports coming out of mexico. that is one of the things that we look at. but let's figure this out. one, they can go ahead
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without congress's approval right 110w. without congress's approval right now. they will be upset with the president and then we'll charge border taxes etc. he will get it paid for one—way and the other. border taxes etc. he will get it paid for one-way and the other. that is fascinating. i hope we get another chance to talk again. jan halper—hayes, thank you for being with us. joining me now from mexico city is our correspondent will grant. how is it looking from the president's point of view? the president has been embarrassed once over his relationship with donald trump, now donald trump is in office, it looks embarrassing again, doesn't it? for mexicans this is like a doesn't it? for mexicans this is likea car doesn't it? for mexicans this is like a car crash they can't take their eyes off. put it this way. we went to bed yesterday, on thursday, and president enrique pena nieto had
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come out with this video message reacting to the executive order from donald trump about the border wall. in it he said he would fight for the rights of all mexicans and reiterated his government's position they would not be paying for the wall. the next morning donald trump has said unless you have accepted you are paying for this wall there is no point in having this meeting. and here we are, the meeting has been cancelled. that is the sort of diplomacy that would go on behind closed doors. these would be private conversations. and yet it is all being paid out —— played out on twitter and social media sites. it is very messy. if the two men cannot talk first about the border wall, then all these other issues related to cross—border trade, cross—border security, the question of guns coming down from the united states to mexico to fund the drugs war, they cannot touch on those issues
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until they can sit down at the table and the border wall is getting in the way of that. it certainly will if it is built! thank you for joining us this evening. 0ne if it is built! thank you for joining us this evening. one thing we have also learnt in the last couple of hours is the head of the border agency in the united states says he has been asked to leave and he has chosen to resign rather than fight that request from the incoming trump administration. border security issues will be a hot topic for security issues will be a hot topic foertrump in office security issues will be a hot topic for mr trump in office as they were during the course of his campaign. theresa may has just arrived in america tonight, on her way to becoming the first foreign leader to meet donald trump as president. she will be attending at republican event and we will hear her speech in a little while. but as she left britain president trump sparked off a new controversy, saying that he thought torture
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should be used when interrogating terror suspects. there's been widespread condemnation of his remarks and in the last half an hour mrs may has made her position clear. speaking on the plane she suggested there'd be a question mark over huge areas of security cooperation if america permitted torture again. here's our diplomatic correspondent james robbins. theresa may setting out for washington to collect what is arguably a great prize, as the first foreign leader invited to sit down with president trump. but there are big risks as well. of getting too close to a man openly backing torture. when they are chopping off the heads of people because they happen to be a christian in the middle east, when isis are doing things nobody has heard of since medieval times, would i feel strongly about waterboarding ? as far as i'm concerned, we have to fight fire with fire. the president has not yet decided to return to waterboarding of terror suspects, a technique designed to simulate drowning in the hope of extracting information but if he allows it, the prime minister suggested to journalists she could withdraw some sharing of british intelligence, a significant threat. back home, the opposition
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had demanded clarity. i want to be very blunt that you cannot approach the problems of the world on the basis that you will bring back torture, bring back waterboarding, you will build a wall against your nearest neighbour. britain has long opposed the use of torture, although previous governments stand accused of complicity in torture by others in the post—9/11 world. today, the foreign secretary re—stated the official position. the prime minister answered that in the house of commons yesterday and she was clear that our principled position and our objection to torture remains unchanged. when theresa may meets donald trump, she must balance her desire to renew and strengthen the special relationship with a political requirement to confront the special challenges which he poses. as well as torture, the two leaders
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disagree on the threat from russia and the usefulness of nato. they disagree on climate change, and yet both say they want a strong post—brexit trade deal, although britain favours free trade and mr trump's america does not. in america, mrs may will first meet leading republicans, many of whom do not support the president on torture and do want a deal with britain. the fact that she is coming to meet us is testament to this being a very important relationship that we value. in philadelphia, the security is in place and already it's clear that her face—to—face talks with president trump will be far from straightforward. 0ur political correspondent eleanor garnier is in westminster for us. political correspondent eleanor garnier is in westminsterfor us. it is an interesting time for the prime
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minister to be arriving, after the comment about a 30 day termination dealfor any trade comment about a 30 day termination deal for any trade deal he does with other countries. what is the big message that theresa may will be trying to get across to president trump and his team?” trying to get across to president trump and his team? i think it is ha rd to really trump and his team? i think it is hard to really think of a prime minister and a president who are more different than these two. you think of the ilion area allergy tv star and the self—described hard—working star and the self—described ha rd—working daughter of star and the self—described hard—working daughter of a vicar. it is hard to see how they will get on very well. but on her plane on the way out to america, she told journalists that sometimes opposites attract, so make of that what you will. the message she wants to get out there is how important the relationship is between the uk and the united states, and how important the united states, and how important the specialisation ship is as uk leaves the eu. and with brexit, not just the specialisation ship, but the trading relationship that the uk
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has with the us will be absolutely crucial. she is clearly uncomfortable with some of the things donald trump has said in the past, but she is going to put those things to one side, although she is prepared to raise things which are potentially uncomfortable if she needs to, but she is prepared to put things to one side, in order to get the best out of the relationship with britain. clearly, top of her agenda will be brexit and that trade deal, but also nato as well. i think it is very interesting that on the torture issue we have been hearing so much about today, she will not be backing down. she will not be condoning torture after donald trump says it does work and he said water boarding would be ok. some quotes she gave to journalists on the way out there, we condemn torture. i have been very clear i am not going to change my position whether i am talking to you or the president.
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crucially, she also said that guidance stating that uk security services can't share intelligence if it has been obtained through torture, on that she said, that will not change. 0ur guidance is re—clear about the position they uk takes and oui’ about the position they uk takes and our position has not changed. —— our guidance is very clear. it seems where she needs to be tough she is prepared to be bit on those two people who are very different, it will be interesting to watch that relationship. and the labour party are having some difficulties over the decision byjeremy corbyn to order his mps to vote for the triggering of article 50 which formally begins the brexit process. yes, after days of thinking about it, jeremy corbyn has said there will be a three line whip. that is an order that all mps, including his shadow cabinet, that they must vote to trigger article 50. if not, they
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would face consequences. tulip siddiq is an mp in his shadow cabinet. she is a shadow minister. she said she has resigned over this, because she cannot vote for article 50. she comes from a north london constituency that is a heavily remain constituency, and she said she has to go. she has written to him with a heavy heart and says she feels she has no choice but to resign. thank you. and we'll find out how this story — and many others — are covered in tomorrow's front pages at 10:40 this evening in the papers. our guests joining me tonight are business academic melanie eusebe and the daily mirror's head of politics jason beattie. meanwhile, the prime minister will be giving her speech and it is due
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to start at 8:30pm. the plinth is being set up. we will bring that to you once theresa may arrives at that plinth. i am you once theresa may arrives at that plinth. iam not you once theresa may arrives at that plinth. i am not sure what is supposed to be behind her on the screen that you have the key flags which matter. sport now, and time for a full round up, from the bbc sport centre. good evening. let's start with the live football. hull have scored in the efl cup against manchester united. they went into the second leg 2—0 down. the goal scored by tom huddleston. there was a penalty, marcus rojojudged to have pushed maguire. hull also had a minute's applause for ryan mason in the 25th minute. that is the number he wears. brian mason is suffering with a fractured skull as he is recovering
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in hospital —— ryan mason. former england captain steven gerrard says he's "very excited but nervous and anxious" about his new role as a liverpool youth coach. gerrard, who made more than 500 appearances for the club in a career spanning over 16 years, will start the job next week. the actual decision to go back in as a coach, and the role of what it all entails, i couldn't really make that decision on sentiment or emotion because i would have been doing it for the wrong reasons. i think the key to it is liverpool are repaired to help me an awful lot. they want to help me an awful lot. they want to help me become a better coach and a better manager and they have welcomed me with open hands. at the same time! welcomed me with open hands. at the same time i have to connect with it and put the hard work into improving as well. england's cricketers have gone 1—0 up in their three—match twenty20 series against india. moeen ali took two wickets as the hosts were restricted to 147 for 7. captain eoin morgan hit a half—century, as the tourists reached their target with seven
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wickets and 11 balls to spare. roger federer will go for a fifth australian open title this weekend, after beating fellow swiss stan wawrinka in a five—set thriller. federer led by two sets in melbourne, before wawrinka levelled. but federer dug deep to take the decider 6—3, and will face rafael nadal or grigor dimitrov in sunday's final. iam in i am in the finals, i iam in the finals, i know i am in the finals, i know that, and i know i will have a chance to win on sunday now. but as a great position to be in, regardless who it will be against. whether it is someone in theirfirst will be against. whether it is someone in their first slam or the epic battle with rafa. all i care about is winning on sunday. it does not matter who is across the net. it's been a big day for the williams family, as venus and serena both made the women's singles final. venus took three sets to beat fellow american coco vandewehge whilst serena dominated
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mirjana lucic—baroni. they meet in a grand slam final for the first time since 2009. after everything that venus has been through with her illness and stuff, i can't help but feel it is a win—win situation for me. i was there the whole time. we live together and i know what she went through. it is the one time that i really genuinely feel that no matter what happens, i can't lose, she can't lose. this is going to be a great situation. it is still 1— situation. it is still 1- 04 situation. it is still 1— 04 hull on the night. that's all sport for now. i'll have more in the next hour. there's been a record rise in suicides, assaults and self—harm inside prisons in england and wales — and the latest figures are a stark reminder of the crisis in the penal system. there were 354 deaths in prison custody last year — more than 100 were suicides. nearly 6,500 staff were assaulted in the year to last september —
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that's a 40% increase. and incidents of self—harm are up by nearly a quarter. our home affairs correspondent, june kelly, has been speaking to one prison officer about what these figures mean once you walk in beyond the prison gates. shouting. life in ourjails is getting worse. for staff and prisoners. the rise in assaults, suicides and self harming is relentless. the sense of crisis in the system was underlined by a riot in birmingham prison, where inmates posed in helmets stolen from staff. just one of a string ofjail disturbances in recent months. amid the volatile atmosphere, today's figures show that in the past year a record number of prisoners have taken their own lives. it's very hard when you've got members of your family who... sarah is a long serving prison officer whose identity we are protecting. she describes having to deal with a teenage suicide. a self—inflicted death
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is a horrific experience. you feel, is there something more i could have done? he was only 19. i came on duty, and i went to perform a roll check. i lifted the flap, and this young man was suspended in his cell. he'd hung himself overnight. we lay him on the bed, and i saw a note to his sister on the side, and i saw it was his birthday, and i thought, what a waste. that will stay with me. just describe the thoughts in your head as you're going into work. i go in to work feeling anxious. tensions are high. prisoners are angry and frustrated. when you open a door, you don't know what you're going to be faced with. i've had everything from urine, faeces, televisions thrown at me. spice in a jar. prisons are awash with drugs and psychoactive substances that are meant to be banned. all adding to the underlying problems of staff shortages and overcrowding. vulnerable prisoners are suffering in the increasingly threatening
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environment in some jails. i am very clear that the levels of violence in our prisons are too high, and the levels of self harm are too high. since i becamejustice secretary, i have focused on dealing with this problem. that's why we are investing an extra £100 million. 2500 extra prison officers across the estate, so that we are able to have a caseload of one prison officer for every six prisoners. but sarah says the challenge is not recruiting staff, it's retaining them. it's like a soldier on a battlefield. you don't know what you are going to be faced with. and on top of that, you've got the fear. am i going to make it home tonight? i've never been in fear of my life until now, and we just don't get paid enough to have that fear everyday. the former labour mp tam dl has died
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after a short illness. he was best known for his former —— the question of the lothian question. as an mp for 40 yea rs of the lothian question. as an mp for 40 years he rebelled against labour and conservative governments and once described to need blair as and once described to need blair as a warcriminal. he and once described to need blair as a war criminal. he repeatedly questioned the prime minister margaret thatcher over the sinking of the bell grant no, an argentinian vessel in the falklands war. his family said he had devoted his life to public life. strong consumer spending helps the uk economy grow faster than expected, easing fears of a slowdown following the brexit vote. total economic output increased by
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296 in total economic output increased by 2% in 2016. it is more than many we re 2% in 2016. it is more than many were predicting, after the brexit decision. it is still less than the growth which was seen in 2015, however. he spent 186 days in space on board the international space station. and tim peake has said he's going back for more. the 44—year—old has been talking about his plans at london's science museum, where the spacecraft which launched him into orbit and return him to earth went on display today. pallab ghosh reports. it's been to the space station and back, and now the final leg of its epicjourney.
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the capsule that sent tim peake into orbit and brought him back safely. the soyuz has landed — at the science museum in london. it's like unwrapping a christmas present for the staff here, revealing a singed, scorched piece of britain's scientific history. this is notjust any soyuz capsule. it's tim peake's soyuz capsule. he was inside when he first experienced the wonders of space. and he was looking through this very window when he saw what it was like to re—enter the earth's atmosphere. and now, he's been told he'll be given another mission to the space station, in a few years' time. it's great news for myself and my colleagues that all of my class are going to get the opportunity for a second mission back to the international space station. it's wonderful news for the future of european space travel. the science museum want the display to be an inspiration for schoolchildren. it already is. absolutely amazing. what do you like about it? well, just knowing it's been in space. you can actually really smell the capsule. it smells of burnt metal. it's smaller than
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i expected as well. tim came back to earth in his capsule last year. it's now a celebration of britain's recent history of sending astronauts into space. the return to earth is the most exciting ride of all time in space. you feel the g build up, and you can see the outside surface bubbling away as you come through the atmosphere. the parachutes open up and you bump down on the ground. many of the children here want to follow in tim and helen's footsteps, but not all of them. who wants to be an astronaut? many children: me! not me. thank you. the prime minister will give her speech to us republicans in philadelphia. we will be showing that live on bbc news any minute
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now, we hope. time for us in the meantime to take a look at the weather prospects. good evening. it has been a bitterly cold day for many parts of the country. but in the sunshine, we had 12 degrees in the sunshine, we had 12 degrees in the highlands of scotland. temperature is will be falling away everywhere overnight. the winds will allow those areas in the west to escape the worst of the frosty conditions. but we can see in some of the major towns and cities, fixed is getting below freezing. 0nce again, widely frostily first thing. —— frosty. during the course of friday, more cloud with some chilly
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temperatures. the weekend looks slightly less cold, with some showers around on saturday, and potentially on sunday as well. hello. this is bbc news. the headlines at 2034... donald trump has been telling his fellow republicans about his plans for new bilateral trade agreements. he said that countries that treat america unfairly will be served with 30—day termination notices. mr trump's comments come as theresa may arrives down in the us, where she'll be the first world leader to meet the new president. we'll bring you her speech in philadelphia in a moment. donald trump has just been there, to deliver a speech. republicans are meeting therefore their annual policy debate. she will be the first
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foreign leader ever to be invited to address them. the president of mexico has cancelled his meeting with mr trump next week after the us president re—enforced his plan to have mexico pay for a border wall. strong consumer spending helps the uk economy grow faster than expected, easing fears of a slowdown following the brexit vote. the office for national statistics say it grew by 0.6% during the final quarter of last year. those are the main stories so far this evening. we are still waiting for theresa may to begin her speech in philadelphia, so we can bring you some of the news. the last surviving british member of the famous dambusters one in his 20s when he
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and bomber command squadron 617 embarked on a mission to destroy dems in germany in 1943. last year he was passed over for a dems in germany in 1943. last year he was passed overfor a knighthood after being nominated for his charity work and for his services to the country. today, his friend carol vorderman is going to parliament along with a gulf war veteran in a campaign to get that decision changed. the mile—long march from bomber command memorial to downing street, with the hope of finally honouring a hero. george johnson, known as johnny, seen here on the far left. one of the 133 men who flew over germany to bomb dams. more than a third of them never going home. people to say to me, were you frightened ? i said, well, i think anybody who saw that for the first time must have been at least a bit apprehensive. if not, they were either devoid of emotion or strangers to the truth. butjohnny has never
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been recognised for the part he played on the 16th of may, 1943. despite being nominated, he didn't appear on the new year's honours list. i hadn't realised he had been nominated, but then realised he'd been snubbed in the new year's honours list, it was an insult, not only to him but also to those with whom he fought with and those who adore him, and i'm one of them. and she's not alone. hundreds of thousands up and down the country agree. and so today, carol vorderman, along with raf veteran john nichol, took their message to the prime minister. i'm not saying johnny is more worthy than a fashion we are going to leave that package
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there because theresa may is about to address republican leaders in philadelphia, the first foreign leader to address them at this particular occasion. tomorrow she will become the first foreign leader to meet president trump face—to—face in the white house. let's hear what she has to say. thank you very much for that fantastic welcome. can i say, majority leader mcconnell, distinguished representatives of the house, i would like to thank congress and the institute for the invitation to be here today. the opportunity to visit the united states is always special. and to be invited to be the first serving head of government to address this important conference is an honour indeed. i defy any person to travel to this great country at any time
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and not to be inspired by its promise and its example. for more than two centuries, the very idea of america, drawn from history and given written form in a small hall not far from given written form in a small hall not farfrom here, has given written form in a small hall not far from here, has lit up the world. that idea, that all are created equal, and that all are born free, has never been surpassed in the long history of political thought. and it is here, on the streets and in the halls of this great city of philadelphia, that the founding fathers first set it down, that textbook of freedom was written, and that this great nation, that grew from sea to shining sea,
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was born. since that day, it has been america's destiny to bear the leadership of the free world and to carry that heavy responsibility on its shoulders. for my country, the united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland, has been proud to share that burden and to walk along you at every stage. applause and cheering for the past century, matenga and america, and the unique and special relationship which exists between
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us, have taken the idea conceived by those 56 rank and file, ordinary citizens, as president reagan called them, for what. and because we have done so, time and again, it is the relationship between us that has defined the modern world. 100 years ago this april, it was your intervention in the first world war that helped britain, france, our friends in the commonwealth and other allies to maintain freedom in europe. a little more than 75 years ago, you responded to the japanese attack on pearl harbor byjoining britain in the second world war and defeating fascism, notjust in the pacific but in africa and europe, too. and later, in the aftermath of
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these wars, our two countries led these wars, our two countries led the west through the cold war, confronting listen and ultimately defeating it, not just confronting listen and ultimately defeating it, notjust through military might but by winning the war of ideas. and by proving that open, liberal, democratic societies will always defeat those that are closed, coercive and cruel. applause but the leadership provided by our two countries through the special relationship has done more than win wa rs relationship has done more than win wars and overcome adversity — it made the modern world. the institutions upon which that world realise were so often conceived or inspired by our two nations working together. the united nations, in need of reform but vital still, has its foundations in the special
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relationship, from the original declaration of st james's palace to the declaration signed in washington and drafted themselves by winston churchill and president roosevelt. the world bank and international monetary fund, born in the post—war world of brit onwards, were conceived by our two nations working together. and nato, the cornerstone of the west‘s defence, was established on the bonds of trust and mutual interest that exist between us. some of these organisations are in need of reform and renewal to make them relevant today. but we should be proud of the role our two nations working in partnership played in bringing them into being, and in bringing peace and prosperity to billions of people asa and prosperity to billions of people as a result. because it is through
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oui’ as a result. because it is through our actions over many years, working together to defeat evil or to open up together to defeat evil or to open up the world, that we have been able to fulfil the promise of those who first spoke of the special nature of the relationship between us. the promise of freedom, liberty, and the rights of man. we must never cease, churchill said, to proclaim in fearless terms the great principles of freedom and the rights of man, which are thejoint of freedom and the rights of man, which are the joint inheritance of the english—speaking world, and which, through magna carta, the bill of rights, habeas corpus, trial by jury of rights, habeas corpus, trial by jury and the english common law, find them most famous expiration in the american declaration of independence. —— most famous expression. so, it is my honour and
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privilege to stand before you today in this great city of philadelphia, to proclaim them again, tojoin hands as we pick up that mantle of leadership once more, to renew our special relationship and to re—commit ourselves to the responsibility leadership in the modern world. and it is my honour and privilege to do so at this time, as dawn breaks on a new era in america. for i speak to you notjust as prime minister of the united kingdom, but as a fellow conservative, who believes in the same principles that underpin the agenda of your party. the value of liberty, the dignity of work, the principles of nationhood, family, economic prudence, patriotism and putting power in the hands of the people. principles instilled in me
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from a young age, principles my pa rents from a young age, principles my parents taught me in the vicarage in southern england in which i was raised. and i know it is these principles that you have put at the heart of your plan for government. and your victory in these elections gives you the opportunity to put them at the heart of this new era of american renewal, too. president trump's victory, achieved in defiance of all the pundits and the polls, and rooted not in the corridors of washington but in the hopes and aspirations of working men and women across this land, your parties victory, in both the congress and the senate, where you swept all before you, secured with great effort and achieved with an important message of national renewal. and because of this, because of what you have done together, because of that great victory you have won, america can be stronger, greater and more confident
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in the years ahead. applause and a newly emboldened, confident america is good for the world. an america is good for the world. an america that is strong and prosperous at home is a nation that can the abroad. but you cannot and should not do so alone. you have said that it is time for others to step up, and i agree. sovereign countries cannot outsource their security and prosperity to america. and they should not undermine the alliances that keep us strong by failing to step up and play their part. this is something... applause this is something britain has always understood. that's why britain is the only country in the g20 other
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than yours to meet its commitment to spend 2% of gdp on defence, and to invest 20% of that on upgrading equipment. it is why... applause it is why britain is the only country in the g20 to spend 0.7% of national income overseas to an. it is why my first act as prime minister last year was to lead a debate in parliament which ensured the renewal of britain's independent nuclear deterrent. and it is why the government i lead with increased spending on defence in every year of this parliament. it is why... applause it is why britain is a leading member, alongside the united states, of the coalition working successfully to defeat daesh, why we have agreed to send 800 troops to estonia and poland as part of a nato
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force in eastern europe, why we are increasing our contribution to the mission which defends the afghan government from terrorism. and it is why we are reinforcing our commitment to peacekeeping operations in kosovo, south sudan and somalia. and it is why britain is leading the way in pioneering international efforts to crack down on modern slavery, one of the great scourges of our world, wherever it is found. and i hope you will... and i hope you willjoin us in that cause, and i commend seleka caulker in particularfor his cause, and i commend seleka caulker in particular for his work cause, and i commend seleka caulker in particularfor his work in cause, and i commend seleka caulker in particular for his work in this field, and it is good to have met him here today. as americans know, the united kingdom is by instinct and history a great global nation that recognises its responsibilities to the world. and as we end our membership of the european union, as the british people voted with the
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termination and quite resolved to do last year, —— with determination. we have the opportunity to reassert our belief in a confident, sovereign and global britain, ready to build relationships with old friends and new allies alike. we will build a new allies alike. we will build a new partnership with our friends in europe. we are not turning our backs on them, or on the interests and values that we share. it remains overwhelmingly in our interests, and in those of the wider world, that the eu should succeed. and for as long as we remain members, we will continue to play our full part, just as we will continue to cooperate on security, foreign policy and trade once we have left. but we have chose ina once we have left. but we have chose in a different future for our country, a future which sees us restore our parliamentary sovereignty and national soft determination, and become even more global... even more global and
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internationalist in action and in spirit, a future which sees us take back control of the things that matter to us, things like our national borders and immigration policy and the way we decide and interpret our own laws, so that we are able to shape it better, more prosperous future for the working men and women of britain. a future that sees us step up with confidence toa that sees us step up with confidence to a new, even more internationalist role, where we meet our responsibilities to our friends and allies, champion the international co—operation and partnerships that project our values around the world and continue to act as one of the strongest and most forceful advocates for business, free markets and free trade anywhere around the globe. this is a vision of a future that my country can unite around,
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and but i hope your country, as our closest friend and ally, can welcome and support. so, as we rediscover oui’ and support. so, as we rediscover our confidence together, as you renew your nation, just as we renew his inky, we have the opportunity, indeed the responsibility, to renew the special relationship for this new age. we have the opportunity to lead together again. because the world is passing through a period of change. and in response to that change, we can either be passive bystanders, or we can take the opportunity once more to lead, and to lead together. i believe it is in oui’ to lead together. i believe it is in our national interest to do so. because the world is increasingly marked by instability and threats at risk undermining our way of life and the very things that we hold dear.
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the end of the cold war did not give rise to a new world order, it did not herald the end of history, it did not lead to a new age of peace, prosperity and predictable it in world affairs. for some, the citizens of central and eastern europe, in particular, it brought new freedom. but across the world, ancient ethnic, religious and national rivalries, rivalries that had been frozen through the decades of the cold war, returned. new enemies of the west and our values, in particular in the form of radical islamist is, have emerged. and countries with little tradition of democracy, liberty and human rights, notably china and russia, have grown more assertive in world affairs. rise of the asian economies, china, and democratic allies like india as well, is hugely welcome. aliens are
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being lifted out of poverty, and new markets for our industries are opening up. but these events coming as they have at the same time as the financial crisis and its fallout, as well as a loss of confidence in the west following 9/11 and difficult military interventions in iraq and afghanistan, have led many to fear that in this century, we will experience the eclipse of the west. but there is nothing inevitable about that. other countries may grow stronger, big, populous countries may grow richer, and as they do so, they may start to embrace more fallen fully our values of democracy and liberty. but even if they do not, our interest will remain. 0ur values will endure. and the need to defend them and project them will be as important as ever. so, we, our
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two countries together, have a responsibility to lead. because when others step up as we step back, it is bad for america, for britain and the world. it is in our interests, those of britain and america together, to stand strong together to defend our values, our interests and the very ideas in which we believe. this cannot mean a return to the failed policies of the past. the days of britain and america intervening in sovereign countries in an attempt to remake the world in our own image are over. but nor can we afford to stand idly by, where the threat is real and when it is in our own interests to intervene. we must be strong, smart and hard—headed. and we must demonstrate the resolve necessary to stand up for our
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interests. and whether it is the security of israel in the middle east, or the baltic states in eastern europe, we must always stand up eastern europe, we must always stand upfor our eastern europe, we must always stand up for ourfriends eastern europe, we must always stand up for our friends and allies in democratic countries that find themselves in tough neighbourhoods, too. applause we each have different political traditions. we will sometimes pursue different domestic policies, and there may be occasions on which we disagree. but the common values and interests that bring us together are hugely powerful. and as your foremost friend and ally, we support many of the priority is your government has laid out for america's engagement with the world. it is why ijoin you in your
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determination to take on and defeat daesh and the ideology of islamist extremism that inspires them and many other terrorist groups in the world today. it is in both our national interests to do so. this will require us to use the intelligence provided by the finest security agencies in the world, and it will require the use of military might. but it also demands a wider effort to go one of the lessons of fighting terrorism in the last 15 yea rs 01’ fighting terrorism in the last 15 years or so is, yes, killing terrorists can save innocent lives, but until we kill the idea that drives them, the ideology, we will a lwa ys drives them, the ideology, we will always have to live with this threat. and is fitted on the ground, the terrorists are exploiting the
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internet and social media to spread this ideology that is preying on voidable citizens in our own countries, inspiring them to commit a cts countries, inspiring them to commit acts of terror in our cities. that is why the uk has led the world in developing a strategy for preventing violent extremism, and why the british and american governments are working together to take on and defeat the ideology of islamist extremism. i look forward to working with the president and his administration to step up our effo rts administration to step up our efforts still further in order to defeat this evil ideology. but of course we should always be careful to distinguish between this extreme and hateful ideology and the peaceful religion of islam, and for hundreds of millions of its adherents, including millions of our own citizens, and those further afield, who are so often first victims of this ideology‘s terror. and nor is it enough merely to focus
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on violent extremism. we need to address the whole spectrum of extremism, starting with the bigotry and hatred which can so often turn to violence. yet ultimately, to defeat daesh, we must employ all of the diplomatic means at our disposal. that means working internationally to secure a political solution in syria, and challenging the alliance between the syrian regime and its backers in tehran. when it comes to russia, as so often, it is wise to turn to the example of president reagan, during his negotiations with his opposite numbermikhail his negotiations with his opposite number mikhail gorbachev, used to abide by the adage, trust, but verify. with president putin, my advice is to engage, but beware. there is... there is nothing inevitable between
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conflict between russia and the west. but we should engage from a position of strength and we should build the relationships, systems and processes that make corporation more likely than conflict. and that, particularly after the illegal annexation of crimea, give assurance to russia's neighbouring states that their security is not in question. we should not jeopardise their security is not in question. we should notjeopardise the freedoms that president reagan and mrs thatcher brought to eastern europe, by accepting president putin's claim at it is now in his sphere of influence. applause

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