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tv   Outside Source  BBC News  January 26, 2017 9:00pm-9:31pm GMT

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advice is to engage, but beware. there is... there is nothing inevitable between conflict between russia and the west. but we should engage from a position of strength and we should build the relationships, systems and processes that make corporation more likely than conflict. and that, particularly after the illegal annexation of crimea, give assurance to russia's neighbouring states that their security is not in question. we should not jeopardise their security is not in question. we should notjeopardise the freedoms that president reagan and mrs thatcher brought to eastern europe, by accepting president putin's claim at it is now in his sphere of influence. applause and progress on this issue would
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also help to secure another of this nation's priorities, to reduce iran's malign influence in the middle east. this is a priority for the uk as well, as we support our allies in the gulf states, to push back against iran's aggressive efforts, to build an ark of influence from tehran through to the mediterranean. the nuclear deal with iran was controversial, but it has neutralised the possibility of iranians gaining nuclear weapons for more than a decade. it has seen iran removed 13,000 centrifuges as well as the associated infrastructure and as the associated infrastructure and a stock of 20% enriched uranium. that was vitally important that the agreement must now be very carefully and rigorously policed and any
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breaches dealt with firmly. to deal with the threats of the modern world, we need to rebuild confidence in the institutions upon which we all rely. in part, that means multinational institutions, because we know that so many of the threats we know that so many of the threats we face today, global terrorism, climate change, organised crime, unprecedented mass movements of people, do not respect national borders. so we must turn towards those multinational institutions like the un and nato, that encourage international cooperation and partnership. but there's multinational institutions need to work for the countries that formed them, and to serve the needs and interests of the people of those nations. they have no democratic mandate of their own, so i share your reform agenda, and believe that by working together, we can make those institutions more relevant and purposeful than they are today. i
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call on others therefore, to join us in that effort, and be sure they step up and contribute as they should. that is why i have encouraged antonia gutierrez, the new un secretary—general, to build a new un secretary—general, to build a new reform programme, focusing on the united nations and its core functions of peacekeeping and conflict resolution. and it is why i have already raised with my fellow european commitments, the need to spend 2% of gdp on defence and 20% on budgets. it is why i have raised with jens stoltenberg, on budgets. it is why i have raised withjens stoltenberg, the secretary general of nato, the need to make sure the alliance is as quick to fight terrorism and cyber warfare, as it is to fight more conventional forms of war. america's leadership in nato supported by britain must be the central element around which the
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alliance is built. but alongside this continued commitment, i'll also clear that eu nations must similarly step up to ensure this institution that provides the cornerstone of the west's defence continues to be as effective as it can be. yet the most important institution is, and should a lwa ys important institution is, and should always be, the nation state. strong nations form strong institutions. and they formed the basis of the international partnerships and cooperation that brings stability to our world. nations, accountable to their populations, deriving as the declaration of independence puts it, theirjust declaration of independence puts it, their just powers from declaration of independence puts it, theirjust powers from the consent of the government. can choose to join international organisations or not. they can choose to cooperate with others or not. choose to trade with others or not. choose to trade
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with others or not. choose to trade with others or not. which is why, if the countries of the european union wish to integrate further, my view is they should be free to do so, because that is what they choose. but britain, as a sovereign nation, with the same values but a different political and cultural history, has chosen to take a different path, because our history and culture is profoundly internationalist. we are european country and proud of our shared european heritage, but we'll also a country that has always looked beyond europe to the wider world. we have ties of family, kinship and history to countries like india, pakistan, bangladesh, australia, canada, new zealand and countries across africa, the pacific and the caribbean. and of course we have ties of kinship, language and culture to these united states as well. applause
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as churchill put it, we speak the same language, neil at the same a lta rs same language, neil at the same altars and to a very large extent, pursue the same ideals. and today increasingly, we have strong economic, commercial, defence and political relationships as well. so iam political relationships as well. so i am delighted that the new administration has made a trade agreement between our countries one of its earliest priorities. applause a new trade deal between britain and america must work for both sides and serve both of our national interests. it must help to grow our respective economies and provide the high skilled high—paid jobs of the future for working people across america and across the uk. and it must work for those who have to
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often felt left behind by the forces often felt left behind by the forces of globalisation. people, often those on modest incomes, living in relatively rich countries like our own, who feel that the global system of free markets and free trade is simply not working for them in its current form. such a deal, allied to the reforms we are making to our own economy, to ensure wealth and opportunity is spread across our land, can demonstrate to those who feel locked out and left behind, that free markets, free economies and trade can deliver the brighter future they need, and it can maintain, indeed it can build support for the rules —based international system on which the stability of our world continues to rely. the uk is already america's fifth largest export destination, while your markets account for a fifth of global exports from our
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shores. exports to the uk from the state of pennsylvania alone account for more than $2 billion a year. applause someone from pennsylvania! america is the largest single destination for uk outward investment and the single largest investor in the uk. and your companies are investing and expanding in the uk at the rate of more than ten projects a week. british countries employ people in every us state from texas to vermont, and the us uk defence relationship is the broadest, deepest and most advanced of any countries sharing military hardware and expertise. and of course, we have recently invested in the new f 35 strike aircraft for our new aircraft carriers which will secure
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our naval presence and increase our power around the world for years to come. because of the strong economic and commercial links, and our shared history in the strength of our relationship, i look forward to pursuing talks with president trump and his new administration about a new uk us free trade agreement in the coming months. it will take detailed work but we welcome your openness to these discussions, and hope we can make progress, so that the new global britain that emerges after brexit is even better equipped to ta ke after brexit is even better equipped to take its place confidently in the world. such... applause such an agreement would see us taking that next step in the special relationship that exists between us, cementing and affirming one of the greatest forces for progress this world has ever known. 70 years ago,
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in1946, world has ever known. 70 years ago, in 19116, churchill proposed a new phase in this relationship, to win a cold war that many had not even realised had started. he described how an iron curtain had fallen from the baltic to the adriatic, covering all the capitals of the ancient states of central and eastern europe. warsaw, berlin, prague, vienna, budapest, sophia, belgrade and bucharest. today, those great cities, homes of great culture and heritage live in freedom and peace, and they do so because of the leadership of britain and america, and of mrs that char and president reagan. applause they do so ultimately because our ideas will always prevail. and they
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do so because when the world demands leadership, it is this alliance of values and interests, this special relationship between two countries, thatis, relationship between two countries, that is, to borrow the words of another great american statesman, enters the arena with our face is marred by dust and sweat and blood, to strive valiantly and know the triumph of high achievement. as we renewed the promise of our nations, to make them stronger at home, in the words of president reagan, as the words of president reagan, as the sleeping giant stirs, so let us renew the relationship that can lead the world, towards the promise of freedom and prosperity, marked out in parchment by those ordinary citizens 240 years ago. so that we may not be counted with the cold and timid souls, who know not victory
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nor defeat, but those who strive to do the deed that will lead us to a better world. that better future is within reach, together we can build it. thank you. cheering and applause studio: that is prime minister theresa may taking applause from a gathering of republicans in philadelphia. she is speaking from the same stage that earlier donald trump spoke from. we will look back at the speech by the prime list and all the developments relating to the trump presidency. theresa may sketched out a vision for not only the uk as a strong nation state and an internationalist state, but also the evolution of what she called the special relationship between the us and the uk. earlier, i should tell
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you that donald trump talked about the work he is doing, along with the work that republicans are doing as being blessed by affinity. we will go through some of the latest developments in the hour. but first, let's turn to what theresa may has been saying and bring in laura trevelya n been saying and bring in laura trevelyan from washington, dc. the prime minister's spoke about the effo rts prime minister's spoke about the efforts to place on the nation state but also the importance of being an internationalist. yes, she was walking quite the tightrope there. she acknowledged great change had been made in both countries with the brexit vote in britain and the election of donald trump here, and she was making a plea for the continued importance of internationalism. i was very struck by the way she gently reminded her republican audience, and by
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association donald trump, that it was britain and america at the end of the second world war that created the united nations, that helped create nato, the underpinning of the global alliance. president trump has been rude about both of them. she was pointing out that these institutions, although they may be imperfect, they can be reformed. but this is the basis of what has been our world order. i was struck by the line that our two countries have a joint responsibility to lead, because when other step up as we step back, it is bad for america, britain and the world. it was a believerjoint leadership in uncertain times. there were a couple of other phrases. the prime minister said we will rediscover our confidence together and we will lead together again. both suggest that in different ways these countries have not been at the peak of their powers in recent times? right, and i also
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took that to mean that as president trump is outlining his america first policy, which many have read as a retreat from american leadership and the world, and america looking inward, and as president trump has said, focusing on ending what he calls the american carnage of the rust belt, of where factories like shuttered and so on and so forth, but theresa may pointing out this is a very uncertain world. she drew attention to china and russia, countries without traditions of democracy and liberty. she was reminding everyone of what british and american leadership of the world has achieved and what it could achieve again. laura, you are staying with us for a few minutes. just encase there are some you tuning in and you did not see the whole of prime minister may‘s speech. here are some of the key moments. we have the opportunity, in
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deed the responsibility to renew the special relationship for this new age. we have the opportunity to lead together again. because the world is passing through a period of change. and in response to that change, we can either be passive bystanders, or we can take the opportunity once more to lead, and to lead together. yesterday, we got an awful lot of questions from you on the trump residency and the issues relating to it. we will keep doing that today. the hashtag is on the screen throughout. ben is watching the londoner says how can theresa may going discussing a trade deal in the next two days bearing in mind brexit? we can talk about
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negotiations in principle but you are right to highlight that until brexit has been completed, the us and uk cannot conduct negotiations formally to begin a new trade deal. let's turn to another issue we covered yesterday. donald trump said he condones water boarding. that is a form of torture. he said we have to fight fire with fire. we are not playing an uneven field. theresa may said —— laura kuenssberg said that theresa may condemns torture and says guidance that prevents the uk sharing intelligence with those who use it went change. this is what two senior republicans
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said today when asked about the water boarding comments. said today when asked about the water boarding commentslj said today when asked about the water boarding comments. i think the director of the cia has made it clear he is going to follow the law andi clear he is going to follow the law and i believe all my members are co mforta ble and i believe all my members are comfortable with the state of the law on that issue now. and torture is illegal? torture is not legal and we agree with that. that is very clear. let's bring laura back in. i guess this is one of several issues in which theresa may has to tread carefully with reference to what the prime —— president said? carefully with reference to what the prime -- president said? it is. president trump seems to be at odds with his own party and indeed with his appointees. 0ne with his own party and indeed with his appointees. one of his big applause lines in the campaign was when he talked about torture working and bringing back water boarding. theresa may has very clearly made the point that britain would
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probably not be able to participate in some intelligence sharing with america if torture was brought back into the american army field manual which is a manual governing the way us operatives conduct interrogations. clearly, there is a big difference there. also the point with donald trump is he says to his base that torture works because he knows that what they want to hear, but also in the abc interview he had a big caveat and said he would rely on the advice from those around him. we already know that general mattis said a cup of coffee and a cigarette can be more effective. theresa may of having to tread a careful line coming here wanting that trade deal above all. run through the
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chronology tomorrow. they will meet, the pair. theresa may made a joke on the pair. theresa may made a joke on the plane and she said, sometimes having to heard that opposites attract? the bigger‘s daughter and the recount —— reality tv star —— the recount —— reality tv star —— the bigger‘s daughter and the reed talent —— reality tv star will meet. then they will get gifts. will it be a tiffany box? there was the big one given to the 0bamas and they did not know what to do with it. have you seen know what to do with it. have you seen the film love macro actually? there was a press conference in that. we will see what will happen tomorrow. that will be live on bbc news wherever you are watching in the world. tensions between mexico and donald trump are escalating — fast. the mexican president has cancelled his visit
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to washington next week. he wasn't left too many options after mr trump unleashed these tweets. if mexico is unwilling to pay for the badly needed wall, then it would be better to cancel the upcoming meeting. that is what's happened. and this is mr trump's response. the president of mexico and myself have agreed to cancel our planned meeting scheduled for next week. u nless meeting scheduled for next week. unless mexico is going to treat the united states fairly, with respect, such a meeting would be fruitless andi such a meeting would be fruitless and i want to go a different route. we have no choice. so there is the
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president saying he wants to go a different way. we don't have a huge amount of information about what that would mean. we can bring in our bbc correspondent. for some people that would cause concern? he said he would take a different way. from the mexican government perspective, that was the country who invited him to mexico city when he was still a candidate, at great political cost to president enrique pena nieto. and the tweets you mentioned on both sides ultimately culminated in the fa ct sides ultimately culminated in the fact that the summit has been cancelled. in terms of how it goes
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from here, the latest we have heard this from sean spicer, the white house prosecco terry, who said they could be a 20% tax on all mexican imports into the united states, an extraordinary measure given that mexico imports $300 billion worth of imports into the united states every year. it is one of the key trading partners. in terms of attitudes towards america, clearly mexico and american society is clearly intertwined, our attitudes harden in towards the trump administration? certainly on the streets they are, if they can get any harder. people are already taking a dim view of mr trump before he took office. now he is in his fourth or fifth day, they still don't feel any better about him being there, most mexicans. that is because they see the war as a symbol of a broader policy that is
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anti—mexico, antique centre of america. there are lots of other things they need to talk about beyond the wall. the cross—border security issue, the guns used by the drug cartels in mexico generally come from the united states. the money for the drugs that go north also comes back from the united states. there are questions on both sides and i think this impasse, mexicans are worried these issues cannot be dealt with if the two leaders cannot speak to each other. thank you. we'll grant live from mexico city. now as we go into the second half of outside source we will update you on every single major development to do with the trump administration today. you can e—mail us your questions and use my social media contacts as well. first of all... that clip of mr trump that i played was from a speech earlier in philidelphia. we can speak to anthony zurcher who
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is live from washington. just a quick word about the repeated references to divinity that mr trump is using. he said republicans are doing work lest by divinity. it seemed like a striking phrase. does seem seemed like a striking phrase. does seem like that way but donald trump did have strong evangelical support in his win in the recent election, more than mitt romney before him, said he wants to reach out to religious voters and this is a way of showing them. anthony is our go to man for questions on the trump presidency so keep them coming in and we will work through them in a few minutes time. i will speak to you then. good evening. coming up over the
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next few minutes, news of cold weather arriving in western europe and a troublemaker in australia. i wa nt to and a troublemaker in australia. i want to start on south america. in chile it has been very dry will stop it has also been exceptionally hot. 37 degrees earlier this week close to santiago. that combination of hot, dry weather has made the situation which has been going on for some time considerably worse. those wildfires have been burning. the very hot, dry conditions have been hampering efforts to put those fires out. as we go through tomorrow, not much respite in the forecast. it stays dry and pretty warm. temperature is still up into
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the 30s and that forecast not change as we go through the next few days so expected here more stories of forest fires from this part of the world. if you know anyone travelling in australia, there could be some nasty weather on the way. this mass of cloud is currently overland over north—west australia, but as it moves out into the ocean, that will fuel it and help it to spin up into a tropical cyclone which could bring gales to the coast of western australia and potentially flooding rain as well. meanwhile, heavy rain affecting southeast asia and singapore. some of those downpours affecting thailand as well. further west towards india, it looks fine and dry in goa but for sri lanka, heavy rain at times. in afghanistan and pakistan we will see more wintry weather. it stays cold and wintry across eastern parts of europe. high
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pressure in charge. no pressure to the south—east making it wet and windy. it will make it pretty u nsettled windy. it will make it pretty unsettled for spain and portugal, not great if you are heading that way. ahead of the weather system southerly winds will be drawing milderair southerly winds will be drawing milder air across this western side of the continent. 11 degrees in paris. we have not seen a temperature like that in paris for some time. we stick with that milder theme for the next few days. even copenhagen is seeing temperatures coming upa copenhagen is seeing temperatures coming up a little bit. further east we are firmly stuck in the deep freeze. we could see some snow at times and perhaps problems with fog as well. back home it looks u nsettled. as well. back home it looks unsettled. spells of rain at times but south—westerly winds making field milder. more details than half an hour. welcome back and welcome to outside
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source. theresa may will be meeting donald trump tomorrow, and she has already addressed his republican colleagues. we have the opportunity, indeed the responsibility, to renew the special relationship for this new age. a few hours before, on the same stage, the president addressed the same republican gathering after a diplomatic spat on twitter. he spoke about a meeting with the mexican president, that's off. unless mexico is going to treat the united states fairly, with respect, such a meeting would be fruitless, andl such a meeting would be fruitless, and i want to go a different route. he also touched on 0bamacare, which
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