welcome to bbc news, broadcasting at home and around the globe. i'm tom donkin. our top stories: build a wall, we'll tear it down. protests in the united states after donald trump signs an executive order banning migrants and refugees from several muslim countries. in a setback for the new us president, a federaljudge issues an emergency stay order that temporarily blocks the government from deporting people who land with valid visas. when president trump enacts laws executive orders that are unconstitutional and illegal, the courts are there to defend the rights of everyone. the british prime minister and the turkish president have signed a $125 million defence agreement during their talks in ankara. wildfires burning out of control in chile have claimed at least 11 lives and left thousands homeless. hello and welcome.
a federaljudge in brooklyn, new york has issued an emergency stay that temporarily blocks the us government from sending people away after they have landed at an airport with valid visas. this was the scene outside the federal courthouse in brooklyn after the ruling came through. the stay came in response to president trump's executive order which brings in tough new measures to restrict entry to refugees and immigrants. there have also been protests against the new measure taking place across the country. the american civil liberties union estimates the stay will affect 100 to 200 people detained or in transit, but government lawyers could not confirm that number. let's hear what the aclu had to say outside of court when the judgement came through. thejudge in a nutshell saw through what the government was doing and gave us what we wanted, which was to block the trump order...
block the trump order and not let the government remove anybody who has come and is caught up in the order nationwide. they can't remove anybody. plus, she said they need to give us a list of names for those being detained, because as you all know we have not been able to track everybody down, despite diligent efforts. the government must now give us a name. we will see people, provide counsel, try to get them out of detention. but at minimum they will not be returned back to danger. the court will hear this case sometime at the end of february, but the key was making sure no one was put back on a plane. some people are being threatened to be put back on a plane as of 9:30pm tonight. hopefully that will be blocked. she told the government to get the word out to people at the airports, don't put people on planes.
so if you hear of that you need to let us know immediately because that will be in defiance of the court order. this is a remarkable day! on day one after signing the executive order we jumped into court, arguing that the move was unconstitutional, unamerican and it flew in the face of established statutes that we have long regarded in this country. our attorneys convinced the judge to hold all of these movements, all of these efforts, to deport individuals who have lawfully come into this country, individuals with green cards and visas, so this was a remarkable day. what we've shown is that the courts can work. they are a bulwark in our democracy. when he enacts executive orders or
laws that are unconstitutional and illegal, the courts are there to defend everybody's rights. we want to thank you very much. protests have been held at several major airports in the united states. a number of foreign nationals have already been detained at airports across the country. there've also been protests atjfk airport in new york — after it emerged 11 refugees were being detained there. under mr trump's executive order, syrian refugees are banned until further notice and citizens from a total of seven majority muslim countries will be denied visas for 90 days. our correspondent in washington gary o'donoghue reports. released after a night in detention, hameethalid darweesh is one of the first to feel the bite at donald trump's crackdown on immigration. america is the greatest nation, the greatest people in the world. mr darweesh got his visa to come to america to come to to america on the very day donald trump was inaugurated. he worked for a decade as an interpreterfor the us military in iraq and was awarded a special immigration visa for those who had served.
his release followed lobbying by human rights groups and a member of congress. donald trump, our president, does not get it. this is wrong and we are going to fight it. right here on the streets, we're going to fight it in court and we're going to fight it in every place and in every corner of america. this is not who we are! the united states... it's just a day since donald trump ended his first frenetic week by fulfilling his promise to impose tough new immigration rules aimed at predominately muslim countries. rules he says will keep america safe from terrorism. i'm establishing new vetting measures to keep radical islamic terrorists out of the united states of america. we don't want them here. people from libya, sudan, somalia, yemen, syria, iraq and iran, cannot enter the us for 90 days,
even if they have a valid visa. all refugees will be kept out for 120 days, with the annual limit of around 100,000 halved in future. syrian refugees will be barred indefinitely. this iraqi born software engineer has been advised to stay put. i had in fact trips planned for yesterday and next week, i was going to go to africa for business and i had to suspend all my travel and basically just sit still and that's how i ended up in boston. i wasn't planning to be in boston but i am now here. waiting to see what's going to happen without really a plan for where to go next. it's also emerged that people with a green card could also be banned from those seven named countries, despite the fact that the card gives you rights to employment and residence in the us. it's a move that could split families. there was one case where a wife was travelling back to iran to visit her sick father,
leaving behind her husband and two—month—old son. and now she is stuck in iran and cannot get back to see her family. again, went through the appropriate legal channels, is a permanent resident and green card holder and can't come back to see her family. donald trump's immigration policy has brought condemnation from human rights groups and political opponents but his tough rhetoric was one of the most important factors in his election victory and he seems determined to follow through with it. gary 0'donoghue, bbc news, washington. in other news, the british prime minister theresa may and the turkish president have signed a $125 million defence agreement during their talks in ankara. the deal to develop turkey's fighter aircraft could lead to multibillion—dollar contracts at a time when britain prepares to leave the european union. a morning at the palace. the presidential palace. meeting a president
used to doing perhaps whatever it takes to get his way. popular and feared too after a coup that failed against him but she wants closer ties on trade and defence but also to make british concerns about his behaviour clear. i'm proud that the uk stood with you on the 15th ofjuly last year in defence of your democracy. now it is important that turkey sustains that democracy by maintaining the rule of law and upholding its international human rights obligations as the government has undertaken to do. no mention of that for him. translation: it gives us great pleasure and it's a privilege to host prime minister theresa may here in turkey. we have had a meeting, a working lunch, and the discussions i hope will yield success for both of our countries. just as theresa may was the first leader to enter the trump white house, she has today become the first western leader to come
to president erdogan‘s golden palace in ankara, high up on the hill, since the attempted coup against him. urging importance of human rights, though, she has showed she was unafraid to speak her mind. having delivered her message on human rights, the ceremonials could begin. the prime minister able to enjoy the parade. speaks turkish and appear alongside her counterpart to announce a deal where her british firm bae will design turkish fighterjets. the start of a partnership that downing street hopes could bring in millions. but questions about her other new friend, president trump, followed her to turkey after the american leader banned some muslims from entering the country. asked three times whether she agreed with president trump's ban, this is all she would say. the united states is responsible for the united states‘ policy on refugees and the united kingdom is responsible
for the united kingdom's policy on refugees. while marking the past, theresa may is following her own path around the world. she can't choose her fellow leaders but politicians, like the rest of us, are sometimes judged by the company they keep. laura kuenssberg, bbc news, ankara. downing street has now issued a statement saying prime minister theresa may did "not agree" with donald trump's refugee ban and will make representations if it affects britons. in other news: the syrian military says after weeks of fighting with rebels it has taken control of an area home to damascus‘ main water source. state television said the national flag was now flying over the pumping facility in the wadi—barada region. water shortages have been severe in damascus after fighting caused damage to the pumping facility. syrian football fans in aleppo have enjoyed the first top—flight match in the city after years of war. they watched a local side —
al—ittihad beat their city rivals. there was no professional football in aleppo after it was split between the army and rebel forces in 2011. the government regained complete control of the city last month after a major offensive. more than 2,000 people have protested in the russian city of saint petersburg against a plan to hand the famous saint isaac's cathedral to the orthodox church. the nineteenth century cathedral, one of the most visited tourist attractions in the city, is currently run as a museum. analysts say the proposal is a sign of the growing power of the russian orthodox church. wildfires in southern and central chile are now known to have killed at least 11 people and left several thousand others homeless. firefighters and volunteers are tackling more than 100 separate fires — half of which are still out of control. the authorities have detained more than twenty people suspected of arson.
the bbc‘s tim allman reports. in some places the fires are now gone. but this is what's left. the town of santa 0lga, all but destroyed. hundreds of homes burned to the ground. for the people who lived here the awful task of coming home and inspecting the damage. everything gone. you can see that for some that it's almost too much to bear. lives have been lost but there have been some extraordinary stories of survival. silvana garcia and her daughters were trapped as the fires closed in. they threw themselves into a ditch covered with a few sheets of corrugated metal. "i thought we were going to burn," she said, "but i though this hole with the water and metal above us would save us." "the flames passed above us and burned everything , " said her daughter, "i didn't know what to do." thousands are now homeless,
many find themselves in local shelters desperate but alive. "we never imagined this was going to happen in our country," said this woman. once again we're struggling, trying to lift ourselves up. it's notjust people who have been affected, animals too. this shelter tending to injured dogs, their paws burnt. the cleanup operation has begun, the army doing what it can to help, so are local volunteers, beginning the massive task of clearing up the mess, waiting to rebuild. but in many places the fires still rage, dozens out of control. the hot, dry weather is forecast to continue. chile's worst wildfires in half a century are not over yet. tim allman, bbc news. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: we'll bring you the reaction to president trump's immigration ban from the un, parts
of europe and canada. the shuttle challenger exploded soon after liftoff. there were seven astronauts on board, one of them a woman school teacher. all of them are believed to have been killed. by the evening, tahrir square, the heart of official cairo, was in the hands of the demonstrators. they were using the word "revolution". the earthquake singled out buildings, and brought them down in seconds. tonight, the search for any survivors has an increasing desperation about it as the hours pass. the new government is firmly in control of the entire republic of uganda. moscow got its first taste of western fast food, as mcdonald's opened their biggest restaurant, in pushkin square. but the hundreds of muscovites who queued up today won't find it
cheap, with a big mac costing half the day's wages for the average russian. this is bbc news. the latest headlines: protests in the united states and a legal challenge as donald trump signs an executive order banning migrants and refugees from several muslim countries. and a federaljudge issues an emergency stay order that temporarily blocks the government from deporting people who land with valid visas. the white house has described an hour—long phone call between donald trump and president putin as a significant first step towards improving relations between the us and russia. mr trump has also signed a presidential memorandum on the plan to defeat the so—called islamic state. as gary 0' donoghue explains, it includes the possibility of teaming up with new coalition partners, suggesting that cooperating with russia on counter—terrorism isn't off the table. very interesting.
we were sort of expecting this but effectively what he has done is ask the defence department and other parts of the national security establishment here, which he's slightly rearranging, moving the furniture round a little bit, but he has asked them to come up with a plan within 30 days for the defeat of isis. it goes through various things he wants to look at. cyber techniques etc, possible military action. it also talks about reaching out to new coalition partners. of course that will be read by many people as an indication that he's prepared, for example inside syria, to cooperate with russia on hitting isis. it also comes on the day in which he spoke to president putin for the first time since becoming president. we're told they had an hour—long phone call and that it was positive. and this idea of looking atjoint ways of defeating the islamic state group came up in that call as well.
there's some choreography here if you like. donald trump does look like he's potentially thinking of trying to use vladimir putin as an ally in the fight against isis. the reaction to president trump's new immigration bans from european and middle eastern governments has been almost entirely negative. the iranian government has decided to stop issuing new visas to americans in retaliation. however, leaders and parties on the far—right have given it their support. bill hayton reports. an annual rally of the golden dawn party in athens. around 800 greek nationalists gather to denounce turkey, the european union, and migrants. they liked the sound of president trump's new immigration controls. our country is an open field. anyone can come whenever they want
and leave whenever they want. we would like to follow a policy like donald trump is doing in the states right now. the leader of the dutch party for freedom, geert wilders, also gave his support for the policy and called for it to go further. in the corridors of power, the reaction was opposite. speaking after their meeting in paris, the french and german foreign ministers spoke out strongly against mr trump's move. translation: loving your neighbour is a major christian value and that includes helping people. i think that's what unites us in the west and i think it's still a common foundation we share with the united states and we want to make that clear. the intergovernmental organisation set up after the second world war to help migrants said targeting refugees will not increase the security of americans. we understand there are issues involved with what's happening in some of these countries but historically danger does not come from refugees and we don't have much of a record of dangerous people
infiltrating with refugees. these are checked so thoroughly for years, literally, that we think it is an unfair kind of distinction. there are nearly 5 million syrian refugees living abroad, unable to go home and unable to earn a living. they want a better life. translation: we want to go to the united states to live in peace and security. i'm a pharmacist and i want to use my degree. the arab countries don't recognise my degree. here in jordan we're suffering because my children can't get an education. but with anti—foreigner movements on the march in many countries, there's no easy answer to the problems of so many stranded families. bill hayton, bbc news. dr trita parsi is the founder of the national iranian american council and is frequently consulted by foreign governments on foreign policy matters. he said iran is affected more than any other country and he welcomed the federal court order.
iranians are receiving about 48% of the total of visas of these seven countries. as a result are almost larger than all the others combined, so this is affecting our community more than any. but at the same time i think what we've seen today is people across the united states from all different communities are really rising up and protesting against this. i think partly as a result of these protests we've seen this court order does that give you some confidence, this emergency stay order, to what might happen in the future or the coming days? definitely and it is sending a signal for a lot of peole who are organising or trying to object to this to realise that there is actually significant hope. they can win this.
i think beyond that mere fact that so quickly a judge issued this order is a clear indication that there are significant holds and question marks about this executive order of donald trump's. what do you think this does for relationships between america and iran? there have been massively fractured in the past. we've seen some retaliation from the iranian government but where do you see this now going? it clearly makes the point that the thawing of relations we saw towards the end of the 0bama administration, particularly after the conclusion of the nuclear deal, has come to an end. we're now in a situation in which the trajectory may once again be negative. if it becomes so negative it threatens the nuclear deal, we may end up in a situation like we were four or five years ago where once again war was being considered as one of the options when it came to a confrontation between the united states and iran. indeed. donald trump has also threatened to disregard or scrap the nuclear deal. what is your organisation planning to do about this?
a lot of people say in response to what donald trump is proposing to get organised and to combat it, what can you do in real terms? there is plenty to be done and plenty that is being done right now. there are several avenues. we are looking at various legal challenges with other organisations that are putting forward lawsuits against the government on this. there's also challenges that can be mustered through congress. whether it is to defund various elements of this or to completely overrule it by passing laws that can go above the president's executive order. there are many ways to challenge this and i think right now we see a tremendous amount of energy and desire to do so. people are very committed to make sure this does not become the new america. we are getting reports a boat has
gone missing in malaysia. it was heading for an island popular with tourists. rescue teams were deployed when it arrived and bad weather is hampering the search. it happened on the first day of the week—long lunar new year celebrations. more on that story it develops. the american tennis star serena williams has won a 23rd grand slam title, that's a record for the professional era. she's beaten her older sister, venus, at the australian open. witnessing the historic win was sanjeev shetty. united briefly and then the action started. serena the favourite and showing why. perhaps it was the occasion but the early stages were more notable for anger. and mistakes. that was before the younger williams showed why she is still the most feared player in the women's game. the first set won, serena pounced when necessary in the second
as her big sister wilted. and when her moment came, the first person to share it with her was venus. there's no way i would be at 23 without her, there is no way i would be at one without her, there's no way i would have anything without her. she's my inspiration. she's the only reason i'm standing here today and the only reason the williams sisters exist so thank you, venus, for inspiring me. margaret court's record of 2a is the only one left for serena to overtake. if big sis can't stop her, who can? the swedish photographer, lennart nilsson, who became famous for his ground breaking images of human embryos and foetuses, has died. he was 94.
mr nilsson‘s pictures were an international sensation when they appeared in the american magazine life in 1965 and later in the best—selling book a child is born. they informed the debate about the right to life and abortion. he started as a freelance photographer in the 1940s but later experimented with photographic techniques to take extreme close—ups. scientists in france are warning that a diet of corn is turning wild hamsters into deranged cannibals that devour their offspring, that's according to the news agency afp. the research centre for environmental protection in alzace has reportedly warned that the hamster habitat is collapsing. it says the hamsters no longer have a varied diet of grains, roots and insects, and that the repetitive diet of industrially grown corn, is leaving the animals starving, and suffering a lack of vitamins. and you can get in touch with me and most of the team on twitter, i'm @tomdonkinbbc. goodbye for now. hello there.
the weather is changing somewhat as we head over the next few days. we will eventually be losing the wintry chill that has been with us for a while. but not just yet. we still have icy conditions, particularly across more northern parts of the country but we could see icy stretches almost anywhere to start sunday. a cold start to the day with rain moving in as we head through the course of the day, heading in from the south—west. many areas, across the north of the country in particular, below freezing first thing in the morning in more rural spots. that means we could have slippery surfaces and icy conditions almost anywhere across the country. it is milder towards the south—west as the cloud creeps in here, bringing outbreaks of rain. sunshine for much of scotland and northern england lasting for quite a part of the day but northern ireland and wales, central and south—western england we will see the rain heading in. mild temperatures into double figures, particularly towards the south—west but breezy at times as well.
the far south—east and east anglia are likely to stay dry into the middle part of the afternoon but the rain pours in across the midlands towards northern ireland. sunshine for northumberland and much of scotland with a chance of wintry showers continuing up towards the northern isles. a lot going on in sunday. eventually that rain will move towards the east as we head into monday. we are left with a lot of cloud, low cloud, mist, fog and some freezing fog. still cold conditions across many northern and north—eastern parts of the country, whereas towards the south—west we have milder air heading in. a murky day on monday. a lot of cloud, freezing fog or fog patches. later in the day we will see further outbreaks of patchy rain heading their way slowly eastwards mainly affecting the western part of the country. further east you will stay dry but also colder. six degrees in aberdeen and around 11 in plymouth. as we move through the latter part of monday into tuesday you can see the frontal system moving in from the atlantic, slowly across the country because there is still pressure slowing things down.
we are likely to see a spell of wet weather on tuesday moving in from the west, a lot of cloud once again. low cloud, hill fog as well but with that southerly breeze temperatures will be much milder than they have been. into wednesday and the frontal system is lingering slowly across parts of the country. the next front and low pressure system waiting out in the wings. on wednesday, another mild day with cloud around. rain clearing towards the east and showers from the west. that sets us up for a milder and more unsettled week ahead. the latest headlines from bbc news. i'm tom donkin. there have been protests in the united states after a number of foreign nationals were detained at us airports following president trump's crackdown on immigration and refugees. a federaljudge has issued an emergency stay order that temporarily blocks the government from deporting people who land with valid visas. the british prime minister theresa may and the turkish president have signed a $125 million defence agreement during their talks in ankara. the deal to develop turkey's fighter aircraft
could lead to multibillion—dollar contracts. they also discussed a possible trade deal after britain leaves the eu. wildfires in southern and central chile are now known to have killed at least 11 people and left several thousand others homeless. firefighters and volunteers are tackling more than 100 separate fires — half of which are still out of control. time now for the week in parliament.