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tv   BBC News  BBC News  January 31, 2017 5:00am-5:31am GMT

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hello, you are watching bbc world news. i'm adnan nawaz. our top story this hour: donald trump fires america's top legal adviser, the acting attorney—general, sally yates. the shock move comes after she questioned the legality of his immigration ban. a white house statement accuses her of betrayal. welcome to the programme. our other main stories this hour: taken from the wild. a yearlong bbc investigation into the traffickers selling baby chimpanzees from west africa. russia's secret shame. the new law that could put victims of domestic abuse at even greater risk. i'm sally bundock. in business: microsoft, amazon and expedia team up with washington state in a bid to defeat president trump's travel ban, saying it is unconstitutional and damages the economy. more fines for deutsche bank, this time for its connections
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with a russian money—laundering plan. president trump has replaced his acting attorney general, after she defied him by telling justice department lawyers not to defend his ban on travellers from seven mainly—muslim countries entering the united states. sally yates said she didn't believe the executive order to be consistent with their duty to seekjustice and stand for what is right. the president has appointed dana boente as her temporary replacement. davis willis has the latest from washington. the trump white house, clearly affronted by the behaviour of sally yates, her writing to thejustice department lawyers to basically say that they shouldn't be defending challenges to the donald trump executive order in court, because she's not
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convinced that it is lawful, that met by swift sacking on the part of the trump administration. and they issued a statement in the last few minutes, saying the acting attorney—general, sally yates, has betrayed the department ofjustice by refusing to enforce a legal order designed to protect the citizens of the united states. and their statement goes on to say, this order was approved, as to form and legality, by the department ofjustice office of legal counsel. i mean, what all this basically conjures up is the thought that, had they waited just a few days before introducing this executive order, then presumably jeff sessions, the alabama senator who is donald trump's pick for attorney—general, would have been in place, and they would have avoided some more damaging headlines. and it has been a day of damaging headlines, with barack obama breaking his
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silence afterjust ten days, to say that he doesn't approve of this travel ban, and various american diplomats around the world also expressing disquiet. david kaye is the un special rapporteur on freedom of opinion and expression. he is also clinical professor of law at the university of california. thank you very much indeed for your time. shall we start with the legal part. just explain to us what role the attorney general of the united states plays in helping the daily functioning of the government. well, the department ofjustice is led by the department ofjustice is led by the attorney general, and the department ofjustice, the attorney general, essentially represent the united states in all forms of litigation in us courts. and so for
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the attorney general to say that she would not defend the executive order was really quite something. it was quite a shock, i think, and basically said to the white house that the department would not... that the department ofjustice would not defend the executive order.” suppose sally yates‘s rank is really the thing that sets her apart from all those others who disagree with this executive order. because there are plenty of state attorney generals, are there not, who are also considering, in fact washington has been the first state to go to court against this executive order. are we heading into some sort of long—running constitutional crisis over this executive order?” long—running constitutional crisis over this executive order? i don't know if we are at a constitutional crisis or if we are heading in that direction, it depends on a number of issues. i think it is important to recognise that it is completely
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normalfor recognise that it is completely normal for state attorneys general to intervene with the government on issues where they feel that they are being interfered with by particular federal policies, and this might be one of those occasions. i think the thing to watch for, really, is when the courts began to challenge the executive order, in legal terms, not in political terms but in legal terms, we need to watch how the administration responds. if the administration responds. if the administration simply allows that court process to proceed and doesn't challenge the court then we are not going to see a constitutional crisis, i don't think. but that is not necessarily the direction that things are heading, and i think there is a very real risk of uncertainty, that the administration will in fact followed the court orders. we have seen this happen already at the airports over the weekend. david, do you know of
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significant instances in american history where orders will make executive orders have been challenged to the extent they have had to be rescinded or modified? well, we have seen this. it wasn't that long ago that president george w bush a adopted his military commissions order, it was by executive order, in 2001. and it immediately set of litigation in the us courts. quite a number of challenges, challenges related to the holding of individuals at one time obeyed by the navy, and it took many years for those issues to be resolved —— guantanamo bay. it is possible we could see years of litigation stemming from these orders. so let's talk about freedom of expression now. there exists in the united states and official dissent channel. that is a medium through which state employees can express opinions which go contrary to the government. is that correct? let's clear up what that channel is.
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right, but this is something that is very specific to the state department. so that the state department. so that the state department allows something called a dissent channel. that allows anybody in the state department, any employee, to register their dissent if there is a policy that is adopted with which they disagree. it can't just be any policy. if the person had another way in which to register that dissent, one wouldn't use a dissent channel. it functions, in a way, as a kind of whistleblower protection. so it allows individuals to airtheir protection. so it allows individuals to air their dissent, to raise problems they see in policy that has been adopted, and at the same time, like whistleblower protection, it protects them against any form of retaliation. unfortunately what we saw today was the press secretary at the white house essentially saying to those who might dissent orjoin this dissent memo which seems to be circulating at the state department, he basically said to them, well, if
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you don't like the policy you can resign. and that is just not the way the civil service works in the united states or in any other country where there is functioning rule of law. excellent, you brought up rule of law. excellent, you brought up the point i was going to make about those diplomats and state department employees using the dissent channel. is there any way that their identities could be revealed to anyone wanting to find out? it is supposed to be anonymous, isn't it? it is supposed to be anonymous, well, it is at least supposed to be protected. so within the state department is that somebody would sign, and they would be known to their senior officials. in that kind of situation, they are protected, they should be protected, against any form of retaliation. they should also be protected against the public disclosure of their names. i think there is a very real risk, and the kind of deterrence in intimidation that might be going on in washington
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right now. clearly the firing of sally yates was a message to others as well, that you must fall into line. and if this is what happens when we see dissent within the state department, i would when we see dissent within the state department, iwould be when we see dissent within the state department, i would be very concerned about the broader civil service and its integrity in the united states. david, we really appreciate your spending time with us appreciate your spending time with us to pick through those issues. thank you very much. let's round up some of the other main stories: a man has been charged with six counts of first—degree murder after shooting dead six worshippers at a mosque in the canadian city of quebec. the 27—year—old french—ca nadian alexandre bissonnette was arrested in his car after the shooting on sunday evening. he phoned the police and said he wanted to co—operate with the authorities. israel has accused iran of breaching a un security council resolution by carrying out a ballistic missile test. the prime minister, benjamin netanyahu, said the testing of the medium—range device was a flagrant violation of un rules. the security council will meet later on tuesday,
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following a request from washington. so far there has been no comment from iran. the british parliament will begin debating a bill later that will give the prime minister the authority to trigger negotiations to leave the european union. a vote is due on wednesday evening. 0pposition parties plan to table amendments at a later stage. can't get away from brexit. have you got any brexit, sally?” can't get away from brexit. have you got any brexit, sally? i thinki have a programme without brexit, but there is still time. anything can happen between now and 5:30am uk time. i can't avoid trump, though. technology giants are ramping up their battle against president trump's travel ban. washington state's attorney general is filing a lawsuit arguing the ban, which covers seven countries, is unconstitutional. amazon and expedia have both made court submissions on how the executive order is impacting their businesses. microsoft is also backing the lawsuit, which aims to overturn the travel ban, and will even testify if needed. and it is notjust tech firms.
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ford's chief executive, mark fields, has said we do not support this policy, or any other that goes against our values as a company. big investment banks, including jp morgan chase and goldman sachs, have also spoken out. interesting in regards to goldman sachs given how many people who are ex— goldman sachs are now part of donald trump's team. deutsche bank has been fined $630 million by us and uk regulators for failing to detect and stop a russian money laundering plan. under the scheme, $10 billion was moved illegally out of russia via share sales. deutsche bank says it is cooperating with regulators, and has put aside money to cover the cost of the settlement.
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we will have the latest from our business units on that, and the other business stories. a yearlong investigation by bbc news has exposed a global network of traffickers selling baby chimpanzees. the tiny animals are seized from the wild in west africa and sold as pets in places as far away as the gulf and china. according to the united nations, at least 400 animals have been traded since 2005. the bbc worked undercover in ivory coast to produce this special report from our science editor david shukman. a baby chimpanzee, captured from a jungle in west africa. 0rphaned after poachers killed its family and now looking for reassurance. during a year—long investigation, we were sent these videos by dealers offering to sell the tiny animals. our research led us to ivory coast,
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and a secret animal—trafficking network. a dealer called ibrahima traore sent us a video of a crate specially made for wildlife smuggling, animals that you can trade, hiding a chimpanzee down below. he then met a colleague of ours who was pretending to be a buyer and using a hidden camera. ibrahima spelled out his prices in dollars. 0ur undercover colleague went to see the animal for himself. 0ur colleague took pictures. his cover story was that he needed proof for a client in indonesia. at this point, the police moved in. ibrahima traore was arrested.
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he is facing charges related to wildlife trafficking, along with his uncle, mohammed. the police then ordered everyone onto the ground. and they found the chimpanzee, a young male. so the police have just made all of these arrests. it is pretty edgy here, the atmosphere, and it is all about this, a baby chimpanzee taken from the jungle. the real tragedy of this trade is that, to get one infant chimpanzee out of the jungle, all of the adults in its family have to be killed. that is as many as ten adults slaughtered, just to get one chimp here ready for trade. we had been advised not to touch the chimpanzee until a vet
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had checked him. so, for a few agonising moments, he was all alone. before being handed over to wildlife officials. the detective in charge said trafficking threatened the survival of chimpanzees. the baby chimp is now in safe hands. he has been given a name, nemli junior, and the traffickers trying to sell him are awaiting trial. david shukman, bbc news, in ivory coast. for in—depth detail behind our investigation, including a full break down of the international trade in baby chimps, just go to our website, that is, or download the bbc news app. the shuttle challenger
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exploded soon after liftoff. there were seven astronauts on board, one of them a woman school teacher. all of them are believed to have been killed. by the evening tahrir square, the heart of official cairo, was in the hands of the demonstrators. they were using the word "revolution". the earthquake singled out buildings, and brought them down in seconds. tonight, the search for any survivors has an increasing desperation about it as the hours pass. the new government is firmly in control of the entire republic of uganda. moscow got its first taste of western fast food, as mcdonald's opened its biggest restaurant, in pushkin square. but the hundreds of muscovites who queued up today won't find it cheap, with a big mac costing half a day's wages for the average russian. this is bbc world news.
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the latest headlines: donald trump has fired his acting attorney—general, sally yates — after she questioned the legality of his immigration ban. a white house statement accused her of betrayal. a bbc investigation has uncovered a network of traffickers selling baby chimpanzees from west africa. president trump says he will reveal his nominee for the us supreme court on tuesday evening. given the immense impact the court has on american life, the nominee will face tough questions from the senate during confirmation hearings. so how might mr trump's pick change the nation's highest court? here's rajini vaidyanathan. power is everything here in washington, dc and it is notjust the president and congress to hold the president and congress to hold the cards. the supreme court is also
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influential. it is not an elected body and the justices surfer life. what is the us supreme court? the most powerful arm ofjustice in the us. decisions it has made have had a huge impact on american society. we are talking things like legalising abortion, gay marriage and ending school segregation. at the moment it is operating with eight instead of judges ——9judges is operating with eight instead of judges ——9 judges after the death of antonin scalia. there are for conservatives and for liberal judges. donald trump has made it clear that his pick will be staunchly conservative. they will be pro— life, have a conservative bent. that was a big draw for many supporters who were against
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abortion, gay marriage and gun rights. abortion bothers me. the ability to keep your arms and defend yourself. president rouhani could influence the supreme court in more ways than one. three of the city judges are over 80 years old and there is a good chance they could retire. though it is up to congress to approve any one president trunk choosers, it is expected to be an intense battle because the stakes are so high. more than 600 women in russia are killed in their home every month victims of domestic abuse. despite that, on wednesday, the country's upper house of parliament is expected to agree with the lower house, and agree to new legislation that reduces the penalty for those found guilty of abusing their partners. it means first—time offenders, whose victims don't need hospital treatment, will no longer face a prison sentence. sarah rainsford reports from moscow. marina tells me her story in a quiet
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voice but her details are horrific. her husband each and every day for over a year. she is in hiding and we have disguised her identity. her heels have metal plate in them they we re heels have metal plate in them they were broken when he pushed through a window. translation: he came home one night and started to choke me. when i got out of hospital, he carried on beating me in my wheelchair. in parliament last week, as contenders for miss university we re as contenders for miss university were posing for photographs, deputies were reducing the penalty for domestic abuse. there will now bea for domestic abuse. there will now be a fine for abuses, not a prison term, if the is not seriously hurt.
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there are talks of protecting families from interfering.” there are talks of protecting families from interfering. i think that government should not tell men and women how to be have with each other and in this case, it is like you are lying in bed with your wife and a lawyer and some human rights organisation. those who work with victims of violence are worried. there are also very few places you we re there are also very few places you were women who are suffering from abuse can actually run two. their only to state run shelters in moscow and then there is this place, helped by the church. but for women in crisis, places like this are really important refuge. this is where marina is staying with four other families. the director tells the women get help to rebuild their lives and advice on pressing charges if they want to but it was hard even before the law change. translation:
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may be one in a thousand women managers to bring her case to court and now the maximum punishment is a fine so if the woman goes home, she has no protection and her husband can take his revenge. marina has a newjob and says she is starting to feel safe again but she is now battling for custody of her youngest child, left behind when she ran for her life. her oldest daughter escaped with her. she smiles as we chat and names all the cows here at the farm but her mum says she still cries herself to sleep and night and she fears stopping the kind of abuse herfamily she fears stopping the kind of abuse her family suffered just got even harder here. french financial police have interviewed the presidential candidate francois fillon, and his wife, penelope, over allegations she was paid for work she hadn't done. they've both denied the claims, which mr fillon has described as political sabotage. he's called for a speedy resolution so that he can concentrate
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on april's election. sarah corker reports. francois fillon had been riding high in the polls in his campaign to become the next french resident in april was the collection but his popularity has stumbled since allegations that he is a british wife was paid large amounts of public money for fake jobs. at a party rally on sunday, there was a show of support for his wife, a standing ovation that brought her to tea rs. standing ovation that brought her to tears. and the presidential hopeful hit back. translation: she has been at my side discreetly, devotedly. i have built my career with her and we have built my career with her and we have nothing to hide. three months before the presidential election, surprise surprise, a scandal has
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been whipped up. people are trying to bring me down through penelope. i am not afraid of anything stop in november, francois fillon won the conservative party nomination. now this is threatening to derail his campaign. on the 25th ofjanuary, a report that she was paid 500,000 euros as her husband ‘s parliamentary assistant for work she did not perform. that prompted financial loss prosecutors to open an investigation. on monday, they we re an investigation. on monday, they were questioned separately for several hours. a fellow republican mp dismissed the claims as political sabotage. translation: he's a target because he is going to win the presidential election. they are attacking from every angle. the national front leader marine le pen,
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and centrist emmanuel macron are his main challenges to the palace. francois fillon insists his wife's work was real and if he is put under formal investigation, he will pull out of the race. finally, let's show you how exciting football can be without kicking a ball. these are the fans of the english non—league team sutton united. they'd just learned they'll be playing at home in the fa cup — and this is how they reacted when they found out they'd be playing arsenal. the match will take place next month. sutton fans need to bag their tickets quick — their ground can only accommodate 5,000 spectators. arsenal's stars are more used to playing in front of crowds of 60,000. hello.
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scotland had the best of monday's sunshine, not much on offer during tuesday as this weather front very slowly edges further east across the uk. so plenty of cloud with that and some outbreaks of rain. still quite chilly, particularly over high ground in scotland to begin tuesday morning. any sleet and snow turning back to rain. could be slippery in a few spots first thing. you can see the extent of the cloud and some outbreaks of rain. some heavy bursts of rain in scotland, particularly towards the southern uplands and grampian areas and into northern ireland, a wet start too but the rain eventually will pull away but i think there will be a fair amount of standing water around to begin the day. and then across england and wales, some low cloud and hill fog around. not everywhere is wet but the rain is tending to come and go and edge its way further east. quite a chilly feel in the east to begin with with the cloud and that south—easterly breeze, but milder air is pushing into south—west england and into wales as well. so, on through the day, it's a messy picture, isn't it, with this weather front just
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gradually taking some outbreaks of rain further east of those areas that start the david wright. that start the day dry. northern ireland, though, turning a bit brighter into the afternoon bar the odd stray shower. all the while we're trying to take milder air a little bit further east, so more of wales into that. 11 degrees in belfast but still quite chilly down the eastern side of the uk, or at least a cool feel with the cloud, breeze and some outbreaks of rain. still around some of that wet weather through parts of england and wales, southern scotland on tuesday night and into wednesday morning. elsewhere in scotland, into northern ireland, some clear spells around. the risk of a few fog patches, a few spots seeing a touch of frost as well. too cloudy, too wet for any frost in england and wales and we'll start off on a damp note here. eventually that rain pulls away from eased in parts of england on through wednesday afternoon. then there's a brighter gapfora time before the next weather system takes some rain into northern ireland, maybe the south—west wales and the far of england once again. thursday's a windier picture, maybe a dry start in the east
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but we're going to see bands of showers spreading north—eastwards. some of those can be heavy with hail and thunder, a few bright spells, though, in between. and then the picture for friday into the weekend shows a deep area of low pressure. still some uncertainty about the detail but a growing sense that some of us could be affected by some stormy weather. we'll keep you updated on that possibility certainly over the next few days. this is bbc world news. the headlines: donald trump has fired the country's top legal adviser, acting attorney—general sally yates. she had ordered justice department lawyers not to defend the president's travel restrictions in court, saying she wasn't convinced they were legal. a white house statement accused her of betrayal. the restrictions, banning travellers from seven mainly—muslim countries from entering the us, have prompted mass protests. an investigation by bbc news has exposed a global network of traffickers selling baby chimpanzees. the animals are seized from the wild in west africa and sold as pets in places as far away as the gulf and china. russia's upper house of parliament
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is expected to pass a law reducing the penalty for those found guilty of domestic abuse. first—time offenders, whose victims don't need hospital treatment, will no longer face a prison sentence.
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