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tv   BBC News at Five  BBC News  January 31, 2017 5:00pm-6:01pm GMT

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today at five, president from ford is ahead with his controversial travel ban as his team prepares to get more details in the next few minutes. the trump team, including the head of homeland security, will speak shortly about the ban against seven mainly muslim countries. overnight, the acting attorney general was sacked after she had questioned the locality of the ban. her replacement, the president's choice, jeff sessions, is still waiting for approval today from congress. all this on the day that the president of the european council identified the trump administration as one of the external threats facing the eu. we will have details and reaction. the other main stories and 5pm, the parliamentary pathway to brexit. mps are debating a bill to trigger the process of leaving the eu. the core of this bill contains a simple question. do we trust the people or not? i believe this house does not have a choice, but has a duty to
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withhold from the government the right to proceed with brexit in the way that they have planned. special report on the trafficking of baby chimpanzees from west africa. we have the latest on the effort to stop the trade. iamat i am at the first big literary awards ceremony of the year. we will find out who has won the costa book of the year prize. it's 5 o'clock. john kelly is giving this statement ina john kelly is giving this statement in a news conference. we must keep
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oui’ in a news conference. we must keep our citizens saved by keeping foreign terrorists out of our country. i would like to clarify the most country. i would like to clarify the m ost rece nt country. i would like to clarify the most recent executive order, what it does and does not mean for the bid is not a travel ban it allows us to better review the existing refugee and these are system. over the next 30 days we will analyse and assess strengths and weaknesses of the current immigration system, which is the most generous in the world. we will then provide our foreign partners with 60 days to cooperate with national security requirements. this way we can ensure the system is doing what it is designed to do, which is protect the american people. this analysis is long overdue and strongly supported by the department's intelligence officials. acting undersecretary for dhs intelligence and analysis, we will speak of that in more detail shortly. furthermore, this is not, i
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repeat not, a ban on muslims. the security mission is to safeguard the american people, our homeland and values. this is one of our most fundamental and treasured values for is important to understand there are terrorists who are seeking to infiltrate our homeland every day. the seven countries named in the executive order are those designated by congress in the obama administration as requiring additional security when making decisions about who comes into our homeland. as my predecessor like to say, it is easier to play defence on the 50 yard line and it is on the i—yard line. preventing terrorists from entering our country, we can stop terror attacks from striking in the homeland. we cannot gamble with american lives. i will not gamble with american lives. these orders area with american lives. these orders are a matter of national security full of it as my sworn responsibility secretary of homeland
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security to protect and defend the people. i have direct department leadership to execute the orders professionally, you mainly, and in accordance with the law. since a court order is related to the executive order were issued over the weekend, cdp began taking steps that if customs and border protection. they began taking steps to be in compliance. we will remain in compliance. we will remain in compliance with judicial orders was we have also been working with partners at the departments of defence, justice and state. we are committed to ensuring individuals affected by these can including those affected by court orders have been given right under our laws. we are and will continue to enforce president trump's executive orders humanely and with professionalism. ourjob is to protect the homeland. these orders help to do that. i am happy to have my colleagues and any
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questions clarifying positions which may be confusing. we have with us today acting commissioner of cdp, acting commissioner of the department of intelligence. with that... good afternoon. that is a statement in washington by the incoming head of the homeland security department. that was john kerry. it is worth underlining that he was there to be really give his pretty forthright support to the very controversial travel ban that was announced by president trump over the past three days. so, those we re over the past three days. so, those were the scenes in washington a few minutes ago put up that news conference following the ongoing political turbulence in the us over the immigration ban. mrtrump
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mr trump sacked sally yates, the choice of president obama. mr trump's choice for attorney—general, jeff sessions,— has been facing a vote in congress today before he can take up his post. the president has criticised democratic opponents for delaying the approval of mr sessions and other cabinet members. our correspondent, richard lister, has the latest. no hate, no fear! refugees are welcome here! it's a battle over american values and it's going on all across the county. in columbus, ohio last night it was met with pepper spray. in dallas, texas there was a silent vigil and concern about what the future holds. we came from mexico. things, unfortunately, aren't great there now. to deny somebody the opportunity to build a future seems completely wrong. the most significant protest came from sally yates, an obama appointee asked by president trump to stay on as acting attorney general
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until his own pick in confirmed. in a letter to the government's lawyers she said it was her duty to stand for what is right and... she was sacked within hours. a furious white house said she betrayed her department and accused her of being "very weak" on illegal immigration. president trump wants this man in thejob. he is a controversial choice quote dogged by allegations of racism. no racism. note jeff sessions. democrats said senator sessions. democrats said senator sessions would put politics before country. he has attended at least 45 trump campaign events. he wore the hat and was a leading voice. it is
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very difficult to reconcile for me the independence and objectivity necessary for the position of attorney general. with the partisanship this nominee has demonstrated. protection of the nation from foreign terrorist entry... the ban is under legal challenge. the ban is under legal challenge. the president needs and attorney general on his side. a poll suggests half the country supports it. these seven nations definitely are not our friends. they are not able to provide the necessary background and information on their nationals for us information on their nationals for us to even consider allowing them to visit our country. the speaker, paul ryan, has been lukewarm about this choice in the past while they could expect the process to continue, you would be backing the president. this
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may end up at the supreme court. the hardline conservative could implement us policy for years to come. injust ten implement us policy for years to come. in just ten days, implement us policy for years to come. injust ten days, donald trump has changed america to the point that the european council said today was among the biggest challenges faced by the eu in its 60 year history. just to recapture a in the meantime we have heard from john kelly, the new head of homeland security, saying they would introduce all of these measures and implement the executive orders humanely. that was the advert we used was that it is not a the advert we used was that it is nota ban, the advert we used was that it is not a ban, he said, the advert we used was that it is nota ban, he said, it is the advert we used was that it is not a ban, he said, it is a temporary pause. the analysis required as part of this pause is overdue. it is all about reinforcing the security perimeter is that he said american voters are demanding at this time. that is the context of
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today's debate. with me now is bruce fein — a former associate deputy attorney general. thank you for coming in. it is good to have you with us. can i start by asking you whether you think the acting attorney general behaved in a way which merited her sacking? yes. ifi way which merited her sacking? yes. if i were there at thejustice department during the watergate crisis, there was something similar. the attorney general was asked to discharge archibald cox, the special prosecutor investigating the watergate crimes he did not defy the president, he resigned. his deputy resigned. the acting general was urged to continue the investigation. that happened. mr cox was replaced and nixon was driven from office. in thejimmy and nixon was driven from office. in the jimmy carter administration, when the deputy secretary of state
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was opposed to the rescue mission of oui’ was opposed to the rescue mission of our hostages held in our embassy in tehran, he resigned but if you do not like what the president is doing quick you resign. you cannotjust allowed the president. under our constitution, the president can fire anyone he wants from his cabinet. i think it is a little odd, when you look at the entire legal team, not unconstitutional words president obama is running, the illegal surveillance is which are occurring. she did not say a peep about those. the irony is it is these illegal wa i’s the irony is it is these illegal wars creating chaos and wilderness in the middle east which is creating a refugee crisis. it seems difficult to reconcile that silence with this statement of conscience. if she did not want to be involved in the enforcement of the orders she should have resigned. i have been looking at when sally yates had her own confirmation hearing when she was
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asked by senator sessions at that time, you have to watch out, said jeff sessions, people will be asking you to do things you need to be able to say no full that the attorney general has a responsibility to say no to the president if he asked was something that is improper. can we square that with the reasoning people are giving today for her dismissal? i think we can. when you say you have to be odd to say no, thatis say you have to be odd to say no, that is what elliot richardson said to president nixon. when the president insisted, he said, ok, i am resigning. it was the resignation of richardson and then his deputy that created the dynamic which also nixon from power. when you decide just to defy the president, you are suggesting you are putting us up above the constitution. they say it has gone back to 1789 with the judiciary act was that it is clear that the president of the united
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states can choose the cabinet he wa nts. states can choose the cabinet he wants. they may vote against him and congress may retaliate that he has that authority goes that if you want to have a rule of law and lawfulness, the proper thing is to resign. a broader point about the way the travel ban has been handled. what are your thoughts on the way the administration has gone about putting it together and putting it into force 7 putting it together and putting it into force? i do not think it was handled properly. there was not the need for urgency. a study has showed over a0 yea rs need for urgency. a study has showed over a0 years that the likelihood of being hurt, injured, killed by an immigrant refugee is one in three and a half billion. in the seven countries that the travel ban applies to, not a single national of any of those countries has killed or injured and american vince 9—11 whereas other countries have had nationals which have injured and killed americans will do what was
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the great need for urgency question thatis the great need for urgency question that is why there was massive confusion about whether it applied to green card holders or not and the overall inconsistency into the expiration of why this is going forward with this speed. they were relying on the obama administration pozner use of these seven countries as requiring extra scrutiny. —— administration's use. why are they not relying upon them for providing the same level of betting that provides security? what is ironic here, during the press conference and during all of the statements made out of the above his station since the announcement, they have not identified a national front any of those seven countries they say did anything violent in the united states. why is the need for this great rush? if i fear the same thing happening in the united states during world war ii. we lock up 120,000 japanese—americans. everyone said they were guilty. there was a
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shame for the united states. self defence is the did to me but we are living in a world of unreality and making up dangers which are not there. thank you for talking to us today. let's give to washington. they are taking questions at the news conference. there are many countries, seven we are dealing with right now, that have, in our view, and in my view, do not have the kind of law enforcement records keeping that kind of thing that can convince us that kind of thing that can convince us that one of their citizens is indeed who that citizens says they are and what their background might be. there are additional things we are considering. on the other end, when someone are considering. on the other end, when someone comes are considering. on the other end, when someone comes in and asked for consideration to get a visa, it might be certainly an accounting of what websites they visit. it might
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be telephone contact information, so we can see who they are talking to. all of this is under development. those are the kind of things we're looking. social media. the have to be convinced that people who come here, there is reasonable expectation that we do not know who they are and what they are coming here for and what their backgrounds are. right now there are a number of countries on the planet which do not have that kind of records keeping police work, that kind of thing. the seven in question right now for the most pa rt seven in question right now for the most part fall into that category. we will be developing what extreme betty might look like. -- vetting. specifically we had a legal team as pa rt of specifically we had a legal team as part of our operational action team in place. they advise dust on the implications put a hold on anyone being removed in connection with the
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executive order. we then processed waivers and released them the united states. the first question, you knew the executive order was coming. i understand you knew about it first ball on a plane but you understood was coming? two years ago, when mr trump first started to run for president, certainly did not learn about it on an aeroplane. newman was coming. the was signed friday morning. i took a trip down to miami for a couple of different reasons. one was to visit the people on the front lines of this whole effort, the folks at the miami airport border patrol, those kind of people. have some time. as you probably all know, before i retired, 39 months in southern command, went to talk about
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the partnership which is very strong between homeland security and south column. that develop very close between myself when i was in command my very good friend jayjohnson. we wa nt my very good friend jayjohnson. we want to continue that. i did not learn about it on an aeroplane. want to continue that. i did not learn about it on an aeroplanem seems like a lot of the problems that were encountered could have been easily foreseeable. that were encountered could have been easily foreseeablelj that were encountered could have been easily foreseeable. i think, from our perspective again people like me are expected, notjust from military backgrounds, we are the implementers of the policy, developed by the white house and approved by the president, in collaboration and then sent down to the department for execution, in this case, homeland security. to me,
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it was more or less a collaborative process. when that came down, i think i was in my sixth day in the job. i relied on people like the ones who are standing up here and the hundreds back at their headquarters to say, we have a bust, we are headquarters to say, we have a bust, we a re off headquarters to say, we have a bust, we are off to the races. really, i ke pt we are off to the races. really, i kept being asked about chaos at the ports of entry and, as i said too many members of congress in individual phone calls, our officers, who were at the counter so to speak, the only chaos they saw was what was taking place in other parts of the airport. they knew what they were doing as immigrants and sons of immigrants, foreign nationals presenting themselves as they knew what to do with it. we have to step back and recalculate a little bit. step back a little bit
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based on the court order that was implemented. i knew this was until development and i think we were in good shape. —— under development. the white house has said that 109 people were inconvenienced by this. the number you gave for getting waivers was ten times that. can you explain the discrepancy? 109 and the number of people you gave giving waivers? the hundred and nine, i'm recollecting a phone call. the 109 was very early on. it was the first day. over time, that was very early on. it was the first day. overtime, that number was very early on. it was the first day. over time, that number would increase. do you have anything else? could you explain why the white house did not have the current
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number? they said 109 yesterday. the records keeping we do is always... it is based on yesterday. kevin, the acting commissioner, can give you some very good numbers yesterday. in order to get the numbers today, we have to wait until tomorrow. it is just the way they collect the information. it is an ongoing period of comings and goings. that is why they do it that way. the secretary is correct. i understand the white house was referring to the initial hours and the folk in transit to the us when the executive order came about. much smaller number were affected, who landed in the us and are being addressed. some of them are being addressed. some of them are subject to that court order. that is the difference in numbers. we will keep updating numbers on the website, so you have the current information. did homeland security
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have a specific operational plan in place prior to the executive order being signed? when did you know specifically that president trump was signing it? i guess i would go back... i knew he was going to sign an orderof yearand back... i knew he was going to sign an order of year and a half, two years before he became president—elect. from day one, in terms of the inauguration, finishing touches, i would terms of the inauguration, finishing touches, iwould put terms of the inauguration, finishing touches, i would put it that way, being put on the executive order. high—level focus on government attorneys as well was part of that. people on my staff were generally involved will stop i guess probably wednesday, i think we learned. tuesday, wednesday, probably during the week we learned it would be signed out. as you can imagine copies go back and forth in a tweet right up to the last minute,
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adjusted right up to the last minute. probably thursday we found out it would be signed the next day. certainly, if you really want to know what is in the executive order, just read the newspaper and find out. it was done in that way. kevin and his team, the whole team, known as it is coming. no certainly what the president—elect and what direction it was outlining. people like kevin, i do not know nearly as much about this as he does about executing it at the airports. he was leaning forward on that. when it was signed, we executed it. ithink leaning forward on that. when it was signed, we executed it. i think he would agree, the only adjustment that had to be made as when the court order came out and we reacted to that as fast as we could. jon kay lee, the new secretary of homeland security building quite a lot of
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questions. —— john kelly. security building quite a lot of questions. ——john kelly. they did release quite a few statistics join the course of that news conference. i'm trying to pick out the main one. 872 refugees will be arriving in the us this week and will be processed for waivers. they confirmed that. they said something about people with dual citizenship. they said travellers with jewel citizenship will be allowed to present passports from a country other than one of the seven affected by the executive order. if people have dual nationalities, jewel passports, they can use it possible from the non—affected country. they say they will be adding capacity, in other words capacity for the workforce and lots of these ports of entry, adding capacity for people detained at entry points they can be dealt with more quickly. john kelly saying that no member of his homeland security
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tea m no member of his homeland security team ignored any court order and went on to say that websites, social media, and other platforms, we'll all be used for all be used, when screening these applicants. —— will all be used. that shows quite a comprehensive set of guidelines really in terms of assessing people when they apply for visas. we will have more on that in a short while. quite a lot of new information coming out during the question and a nswer coming out during the question and answer sessions. let's go on to talk about more of the day's news. the home secretary has criticised donald trump's travel ban as "divisive" said it could provide a "propaganda opportunity" for the islamic state group. and the president of the european council, donald tusk, has identified president trump's administration, as one of the external threats facing the european union, along with chinese assertiveness, russian aggression and radical islam. he was speaking on the day more people in the uk signed an online petition, protesting at plans to invite president trump on a state visit.
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downing street says the visit is months away and mps will debate the plans next month, as our diplomatic correspondent, james robbins, reports. hey—hey, oh—oh, donald trump has got to go! say it loud, say it clear! refugees are welcome here! they don't like the new president or his policies. they certainly don't want him here as an honoured guest of the queen. there's never been so much public protest against a state visit before it even starts. the government is standing firm, its invitation to donald trump on behalf of the queen still stands though a former head of the foreign office says it was issued far too quickly. it's the government's role to make sure the queen isn't dragged into political controversy. i think they have to watch that dimension, given the level of public concern about this state visit invitation. a state visit is the highest accolade the country can pay to a foreign leader.
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normally, it's offered after a us president has been in office for several years. and to issue the invitation in the first days of president trump being in the white house, to happen in the next few months, felt to me a bit premature, frankly. president obama, much more popular in britain, was in his third year of office when he was given a state visit in 2011. he'd been before on politically—focused official visits but it's the pomp and pageantry of a full state visit which delivers the really coveted imagery. is the government embarrassing the queen with this state visit? today, cabinet ministers were staying silent on the controversy. number ten is now stressing it's months away, while rejecting lord ricketts' objections. prominent pro—brexit mps are right behind the invitation. this is a very important state visit in the national interests. it represents the recognition in this country of the united states in relation to the whole
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of our foreign policy, our alliances through two world wars and the whole of the brexit question as well. no date has yet been set for the state visit but the petition against it is steadily gaining support. meanwhile, a rival petition in support of president trump of max date visit has more than 100,000 signatures. —— president trump's visit. let's talk about the strongly worded letter sent out by donald tusk. tell us letter sent out by donald tusk. tell us what was behind the letter and how it has been received. if you look at this comic you can see european countries have taken a different approach to the uk. they sat back and waited to form an
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opinion of donald trump. this reflects their deep unease. they have seen him at the stroke of an executive pen change policies. what donald tusk has done is quite startling. to add to his list of concerns of threats, the idea of worrying declarations from the administration. things like donald trump's support for brexit and his idea that other countries might follow out of the eu, his aberration for follow out of the eu, his aberration foeradimir putin, follow out of the eu, his aberration for vladimir putin, his doubts about nato. donald tusk is the chair of the leaders meeting in europe. he does not speak for them but voices their concerns. what his prescription is is he says europe needs to focus on the fact it is stronger together but also championed the alliance with the us, that that should be maintained. the home secretary, amber road, has described the travel ban as divisive
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and wrong. let's talk to our chief political correspondent vicki young. very early days in this presidency. it will be a very tricky relationship for theresa may to manage. downing street were delighted she was the first international leader through the door at the white house that she was able to get back commitment to nato from donald trump, which they say showed the influence she was having. within hours she was asked to condemn a much more controversial policy. she was slow to do so, saying simply the uk had a different approach. clearly weighing up how critical to be in public but amber rudd, the home secretary, under questioning today, she did go much further. she said she did not feel the travel ban was a muslim ban but people would draw their own conclusions. she said it was a divisive move. they will use every opportunity they
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can to create difficulties to make the environment they want to radicalise people and bring them over to radicalise people and bring them overto their radicalise people and bring them over to their side. it is a propaganda opportunity for them. they will continue to monitor what is said and continue to take down the sort of literature and postings we see on the internet, that try to encourage that sort of extremism. they may use this as an example. we will continue to monitor it and take down the site where we can. amber rudd amber rudd said it was honouring the culture of america and the special relationship between america and britain. but, of course, flying against that, that petition that has no more than1,000,000.6 against that, that petition that has no more than 1,000,000.6 —— 1.6 million people who have signed it, and in parliament they will debate in westminster whether that trip should go ahead. it is going to be a rocky relationship. —— that has now
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more than1.6 rocky relationship. —— that has now more than 1.6 million people. thanks very much. a look at the headlines and sport in a moment, but first the weather. wind and rain on the way this week. but at least with that sort of weather we get mild conditions. it hasn't been mild everywhere. the mildest weather was across the south—west. it illegalfielder south—eastern scotland. —— it has been chilly for south—eastern scotland. rain developing the england and wales, pushing to the east. some breaks in the cloud for northern ireland and western scotland. away from this, a pretty dank night with temperatures rising over south—eastern england. we will start tomorrow dull, misty, with some health. this rain goes to the east. probably a bit cloudy in
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south—eastern england. elsewhere, bright skies. you might get some sunshine before the rain in south—west wales and northern ireland. temperatures higher over eastern parts of the uk. double figures in the south—west and south—east of england. this is bbc news at five — the headlines. the head of the us department for homeland security has defended president trump's controversial travel ban and has insisted that it is not a ban on muslims. sally yates has been sacked after she questioned the legality of the ban on those visitors from the seven many muslim countries. her replacement, jeff sessions, who is still waiting today for approvalfrom sessions, who is still waiting today for approval from congress. mps are debating whether to give theresa may be ok to stop the
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process of leaving the eu. —— the 0k. sport now — here's olly foster. a busy day of football on and off the pitch. the latest on transfer deadline day in a moment. seven matches in the premier league tonight. let's cross light and failed to state our correspondent. jurgen klopp was honest about termites much. —— let's cross over to anfield and speak to our correspondent. it has been an awful january for liverpool. it has been a january to forget for liverpool. they go into this match in fourth place behind chelsea. if they lose they would be 13 points behind them. that is not a deficit to make up. things have gone wrong january. they lost three matches in a row here at anfield. that coincided with the domain being at the africa cup of nations. he is
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back and available for selection. as is roberto firmino. —— that coincided with saido mane being at the african cup of nations. jurgen klopp has a good record against the top six sides. he has only ever lost once in 1a matches to any of the site in the top six. —— sides. the transfer deadline is midnight. jose mourinho says no players will be leaving or coming into manchester united. a couple of days ago he said he would let ashley young go. but he says he is now staying as is wayne rooney. it calls for lord coe to meet with mps again after e—mails have shown that he did know about doping allegations. he had told the
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parliamentary select committee that he was unaware of the specifics of the russian doping scandal. there are questions the committee would like to put to him. looking at the evidence we have before us today is clear to us that he was far more aware of serious allegations around doping and corruption in athletics than he let on when he came to the committee in september 20 15. —— 2015. we feel he should have done more. have a look at the bbc website. lots of gossip about the tra nsfer website. lots of gossip about the transfer deals going on on transfer deadline day. i will be back at 6:30pm. see you then. thanks very much. let's return now westminster — where mps are debating legislation which would give the government the authority to start the formal process of leaving the eu. it looks set to be approved in a
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vote in the house of commons tomorrow. but a number of labour mps have said they will be back in jeremy corbyn. others say they will bejoined the jeremy corbyn. others say they will be joined the snp. the courts have given parliament a say over whether and when britain leaves the european union. now mps have to nail their colours to the mast. they are going to argue over —— are beginning to argue about what type of brexit they want, or entirely oppose it? —— are they going to argue. the core of this bill lies a simple question. do we trust the people or not? the democratic mandate is clear. the electorate voted for a government to give them a referendum. parliament then voted to
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hold the referendum. the people voted in that referendum. we are now honouring the result of that referendum. this former conservative chancellor said he would be voting against leaving the eu and suggested the idea britain would get better trade deals after brexit was, well, fa ntasy. trade deals after brexit was, well, fantasy. apparently you follow the rabbit on the hole and you emerge in a wonderland. —— down the hole. i suddenly countries are queueing up to give us trading advantages and access to their markets. but previously we have never been able to achieve. his colleagues were not amused when he suggested that some of his colleagues did not have the courage of their conviction. but if you think the tories have troubles, labour were not far off. for the labour were not far off. for the labour party this is a very difficult bill. but the official line from the labour leadership is not to block article 50. although we
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are fiercely internationalist and fiercely pro—european, we are in the labour party above all democrats.“ you were to stand here at the heart of parliament at any time over the past quarter of a century, you would meet plenty of tory mps who are willing to define their party line and europe. but it is labour's divisions that will be on display for the next couple of weeks. jeremy corbyn has already lost two members of his top team. and i'm told three shadow cabinet members are considering whether to design because of his instructions to trigger article 50. in two dozen former ministers and shadow ministers are likely to rebel. one of them i asked why he was still defying his lead and also his constituents. i still think brexit is likely to make our country poorer and our politics mina. somebody should stand up for the interest of
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the people we represent against this rush to leave the eu and send us over the cliff. —— meaner. rush to leave the eu and send us over the cliff. -- meaner. we need to protect scotland's position in europe. that is why we cannot give them carte blanche to the brexit negotiations. they insisted they are not trying to stop brexit, they are trying to improve it. i believe this house does not have a choice, but has a duty to withhold from the government the right to proceed with brexit in the way they have planned. that would not stop brexit, it would simply urge them to go back to the drawing board and come back to this house with a more sensible and moderate approach to brexit. mps will debate brexit until midnight tonight, but there is virtually no chance they will stop it. we can go to the houses of parliament. the labour mp stephen kinnock has been in listening to the debate, and hejoins us now from westminster.
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thanks forjoining us. what is your sense of how the debate has gone? it's been an interesting debate. it has been the house at its finest. we have been hearing from people all sides of the argument. they've been coming forward with well considered and waited to use. that is as it should be. —— weighted views i will be talking later. i will say that we should trigger article 50. but i will also say that we cannot accept the train crash brexit this prime minister is setting out, which would have a catastrophic effect on our economy. the debate needs to move forward beyond article 50 and into the real substance of how brexit will affect the livelihoods and communities of the people we represent here. what would you say to some of your colleagues? norman smith said he believes that this will be —— owen smith said it would be damaging to the economy and that
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is why he cannot vote for it. how come you can vote the way you want? iam come you can vote the way you want? i am passionately pro—european with my heart and my head. i campaigned passionately for remain. but i'm also a democrat. i think it is important accept the result. we voted to have a referendum. we had a referendum. unfortunately remain lost. so i think we have to trigger article 50 because the referendum was a democratic override, which has, if you like, trumpet the usual parliamentary processes that we go through. —— trumped. we have to accept that and now moved the battle ground on to win brexit that gives us ground on to win brexit that gives us the best possible access to the single market. and above all costs we mustn't allow this government to ta ke we mustn't allow this government to take us into the wto, resorting to wto rules, which would be disastrous in terms of tariffs and nontariff barriers that it would put in the
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way of british trade and in the way of the british economy. are you happy with the way your leader, jeremy corbyn has basically instructed you to vote in this way? i thinkjeremy has made the right call on this one. it's important that the nation sees what the opinion of our leadership and our shadow cabinet is on this, which is, after all, one of the most important issues we have debated in generations. i do think we have to set out the view of the party as it stands. but i fully respect those collea g u es stands. but i fully respect those colleagues of mine who do not feel that they can go with the three line whip tomorrow evening, and that is absolutely understandable. but we as absolutely understandable. but we as a party have made our view clear. we won't frustrate or subvert the process. but we are going to ensure that this prime minister doesn't lead us down the road of a train crash brexit that would wreck the british economy, undercut the welfare state, causing bonfire of the rights that we have worked so
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ha rd to the rights that we have worked so hard to achieve. we will not allow her to turn the uk into a european version of the cayman islands. we will see how the debate goes. thank you for your time. a little more about the situation in the states. a series of recent opinion polls have suggested that president trump has some of the lowest approval rating of any new president with many americans protesting against that executive order we've been talking about, the travel ban from seven many muslim countries. but other polls suggest the president's ban is popular with many millions of americans. in a moment we'll be talking to larry sabato — director of the centre of politics at the university of virginia — about mr trump's ratings. but first let's look at some of the most recent data. a daily tracking poll released today by the polling organisation rasmusson — of thejob being undertaken by the president — says 51% of those asked, approve of thejob he is doing, with a9% disapproving. and on the travel ban, a poll released
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by quinnipiac university in early january suggested that a majority of americans supported a travel ban, with a8% in favour, and a2% against. i'm sure those figures may have changed in the meantime but that is the most recent we have available. and we can speak to larry sabato — director of the centre of politics from the university of virginia. tell us first of all about the context in which we should put the president's performance, not specifically the travel ban, we will come to that, how do you assess the way people think he is performing? we've had 11 days of chaos. and controversy. we are not used this for new presidents. there is no question donald trump has the lowest ratings ever recorded in the age of polling for a new president. we've never had a president with
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unpopularity in the mid—a0s where he is. you generally do better in the beginning than you do in the middle or the end. this is an unusual situation. it will be a long four yea rs. situation. it will be a long four years. when we look at the figures in detail, what are the factors in people's dissatisfaction? donald trump seems to be especially petty. he spends a good part of each day picking fights with the press, which he calls the crooked media, or with the democrats, and you can imagine the democrats, and you can imagine the things he says about them. and also fellow republicans. any republican he steps out of line he goes after. he ends up tripping himself up, simply because he needs to be focused on a very big agenda he has before congress and the american public. but we are distracted by his ridiculous claims that three to 5 million in legal votes were cast in the election which cost him the popular vote. absurd, no evidence. he makes all
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kinds of other wild charges with no backing. there are a certain number of people who are very worried that he is both an isolationist and an authoritarian. we haven't had that kind of president in the modern age may be ever. the last authoritarian and we have to govern us was george iii, pardon me. when we look at the travel ban, is it fair to say that he is probably in tune with tens of millions of americans in the notion, or, if you like, the motivation behind that ban? well, the polls certainly show this in the sense that americans want to be protected from terrorist attacks. when you peel back the layers of the onion it isn't certain this is doing anything. the seven countries who we re anything. the seven countries who were specifically targeted by trump have never produced a single terrorist attack here in the us. the
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question is, is it really doing any good, or is it simply a pr move? it may be a pr move, but the american public, at least about half of the public, at least about half of the public, seems to support it. at this point, you mention 11 days, i'm just wondering if you are seeing any trends in these figures which might work out as potential strengths for donald trump, given we've been focusing on the things you think are proving to be unpopular? he certainly ta kes proving to be unpopular? he certainly takes action. americans like action oriented presidents. so i think that is a plus. the other is com he has decided, rightly or ronchi, to focus on his base. he got a6% of the vote. —— wrongly. every action he has taken has reinforced that a6%. he has no interest in broadening it. he's made no effort to reach out to the 5a% who voted for clinton or another candidate. thank you very much. fascinating as
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ever. thank you. yesterday a bbc investigation revealed the alarming trade in baby chimpanzees seized in the wild in west africa and sold on as pets in the gulf states and china and the traffic animals can be as much as £10,000 on the black market, threatening the chimps with extinction. our science editor david shukman has been to abidjan — the capital of ivory coast — where one chimp, rescued from captivity, is being looked after. a baby chimpanzee hungry but safe. he's just been liberated from wildlife traffickers. poachers have killed his family. now he is at a zoo killed his family. now he is at a zoo in ivory coast and the keepers have named him. baby chimps are on sale on the black market. they are wa nted sale on the black market. they are wanted as pets. until they become
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too big and strong when they are killed and then dumped. our investigation led us to a dealer who was secretly filmed spelling out his prices in dollars. our undercover reporter went to the dealer's house and saw him holding the baby chimp. we were in a street nearby. we briefed interpol and the ivory coast police and they moved the dealer was arrested. and the baby chimp was freed. but he's been a series of traumatic experiences and they take time to recover. he may have seen his family wiped out in front of his eyes. and we know that the statistics to suggest that
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for everyone chimp that makes it up to ten don't. the family is killed. physically he doesn't look that bad from what i've seen on the footage but mentally these things can be very profound. after the police operation the baby chimp was taken first to the interpol office. he clambered towards the only people he knew, the men who has been holding him captive. abraham faces charges related to wildlife trafficking, and so does his uncle mohammed. —— ibrahim. their mobile phones are a gold mine of information about links between the poachers in the jungle, officials, and buyers in the gulf. but when it comes to wildlife crime the international police effort is focused on saving elephants and rhinos, not chimpanzees. without the funding we cannot do anything. we are trying to become more intelligence led, so we look at what
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the threats are and what law enforcement needs to address in order to maintain a level of security. primates, unfortunately, our information holding isn't as strong as it could be. back in west africa the baby chimp clings to a keeper. baby chimps need contact. he is given a first look at other chimpanzees. maybe he will live with them or be found a home in a century. he is doing well after everything he's been through. many others are not so lucky. the costa book of the year is announced later tonight at a ceremony in london. the short list includes a first novel, a memoir, poetry, fiction and a children's book. rebecca jones is in central london for the award ceremony tonight. welcome to a rather empty looking restau ra nt welcome to a rather empty looking restaurant at the moment. but rest assured, within an hour this place
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will be full for what is the first big literary award ceremony of the year. everybody will be here to find out who has won the costa book of the year. what is unique about this prize is that it showcases the whole of contemporary writing. there are categories for best novel, best first novel, best children's book, best biography, and best collection of poetry. the winners of those categories have already been decided. what is at stake tonight is which one of those five books will be named overall look of the year. let's remind ourselves who is in the running... the winner of the first novel prize is francis spufford. when a stranger arrives in new york he finds a world of opportunity and trouble in his book. the biography award went to dadland,
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which is a book where the author explores the history of her father in the world war —— in the second world war, but she finds out more than she bargained for. the poems of alice oswald talk about the power of nature as well as greek myths. the previous costa book of the year winner to the novel award for days without end. two young men fall in love while caught up in the chaos of war after enlisting. and the children's book award winner, a teenage adventure written by brian carnahan. it is a tale of two friends faced with a terrible choice ina friends faced with a terrible choice in a dystopian world. —— brian conachan. which one will win? well,
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the ninejudges are meeting as conachan. which one will win? well, the nine judges are meeting as we speak to pick their winner. a little earlier i caught up with the chairman of the judges, the writer and historian professor kate williams, and asked her what she was looking for when it came to picking that all—importa nt winner. looking for when it came to picking that all-important winner. it's about the book. but when you get it, you read it and you want to tell everybody about it, your family and friends, you tell them to read this book. these are incredibly exciting, thrilling books. and they are both entertaining, but they also deal with the great complexities of the human experience. the highs and lows of what it is to be human. it seems that you have an almost impossible task, choosing between five very different books, how difficult is it? it is a big task. we will have judges fighting it out. because these books are so different and in different genres. but we must remember, if you could only read one, which one would it be, which one, which one would it be, which one speaks closest to you and all of the possible readers you are
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thinking of? is your task made any easier this year by the fact that a lot of these books seem to be preoccupied by war? he was so right, so many about war, about power, about dominion over others, and this means they are really speaking very closely to the times we are living in at the moment. these uncertain times. these books about war and how people experience war. as the chairman of the judges people experience war. as the chairman of thejudges —— people experience war. as the chairman of the judges —— that is the chairman of the judges, professor kate williams. there is a lot riding on this, there is a cheque for £30,000 for the winner, and as well as that of almost guaranteed increase in sales. the short listed authors have all arrived. they are here, talking to each other, you can see with the beard the winner of the novel award, sebastian barry. the man in the glasses, that is francis spufford.
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and in the corner is client connachan. a nervous time for them. —— brian conachan. we will bring you the winner later this evening at 8:15pm. thanks very much. all of the authors gathered for tonight ‘s big announcement. we will have the bbc news at six in a moment. first, let's ta ke news at six in a moment. first, let's take a look at the weather. northern ireland have won the prize for the best weather today. they took a while to the rain to clear away and then we got sunshine around the uk. -- it away and then we got sunshine around the uk. —— it tooka away and then we got sunshine around the uk. —— it took a while for the rain to clear away. there will be more rain later on in england and wales. this rain moving to the east. with it a lot of low cloud, mystique, murky weather and some hill fog. we will get some breaks in the cloud in northern scotland and thenit
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the cloud in northern scotland and then it will be chilly. —— misty, murky. it'll be chilly for a while. but we have this dull start tomorrow with rain and drizzle around. it will clear to the east and clear eastern england last of all. but afterwards, some sunshine, things brightening up, which would be a nice change. we will eventually get some rain in the south—west and from northern ireland. but a mild day for england and eastern scotland. later this week, the winds will be strengthening even further. a potential for some storms in the south—east on friday. but things. be staying on the mild side. —— about things will still be staying on the mild side. president trump's travel ban. after worldwide protests, she says the ban is wrong and could even help so—called islamic state in its mission. isil and daesh will use any opportunity they can, to make difficulties to create the environment that they want. to radicalise people,
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to bring them over to their side — so it is a propaganda opportunity for them, potentially. but donald trump is holding firming. he's sacked america's top legal officerfor disagreeing with the ban. we'll be hearing why the eu's top official thinks america under president trump is a threat to europe. also tonight: mps begin debating the brexit bill — the government warns against frustrating the will of the people. when and what did lord coe know about russia's doping scandal?
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