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tv   Newsnight  BBC News  March 10, 2017 11:15pm-11:46pm GMT

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i've made mistakes on twitter and put my hands up and i say, "i'm sorry, i was out of order, i hope we can move on". if she had done that two years ago we wouldn't be here today. jack monroe says she is relieved rather than pleased. for katie hopkins? two tweets on an evening in may two years ago have proved very expensive. £24,000 in damages and an extra £107,000 for katie hopkins in court costs. it's not the first time a tweet has led to legal action, but it certainly points out the risks. generally, people are unaware, i think, that they are exposed to libel laws if they do tweet. but this case and others will help make that clearer to people, that when they do post online they are subject to the law like everybody else. a lesson then notjust for katie hopkins but anyone on social media. 0nline comments can be very costly. david sillito, bbc news. bt says it will get rid of part of
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the business that —— will turn the pa rt the business that —— will turn the part that runs 0penreach into a different company. this follows accusations that it prioritises its own customers over rivals like sky, talktalk and vodafone. will the move make any difference to customers? 0ur make any difference to customers? our technology correspondent reports. 90% of british homes can now get fast broadband but in this part of rural buckinghamshire, you can't get any connection at all from bt. gary, who has campaigned to get his village connected, thinks the company and its broadband division, 0penreach, are failing britain. they have a quasi monopoly on the market, and with a monopoly come reponsibilities. there should be a responsibility to connect every house in britain with broadband. it is a necessity, part of everyday life now. now, after pressure from 0fcom, bt has agreed to separate from 0penreach, which will have its own boss and board.
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the regulator had been urged to act by other firms unhappy with the broadband supplier's performance. they, like us as a regulator, have been concerned that 0penreach has not been performing well enough, broadband has not been good enough. and they see the greater independence as a great means for 0penreach to operate with the interests of the whole telecoms industry at heart, notjust bt. 0penreach has been criticised for letting down british broadband industry. among the charges, it is accused of investing too little, providing poor customer service and diverting profits to other bt priorities like sports rights. now, though, as an independent operation with much of bt‘s influence and its logo removed, the hope is that things will improve. bt said that a shadow had been lifted from the company and its employees. after all, there had been the threat
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that it could have been forced to sell off 0penreach. there is no evidence that produces better outcomes for customers. indeed, it often creates instability that undermines investment. what we need in the uk is certainty, to create conditions that promote investment and service, and this model allows us to do that. the theory is that 0penreach will now be able to cooperate better with other companies, boosting investment in broadband. but whether that will mean every home in britain gets a connection remains to be seen. it kills more people than bowel, breast and prostate cancer combined but many may never have heard of it. it's called sepsis and today the health watchdog says it must be treated within an hour in the fight against life or death. sepsis occurs when the body's immune system goes into overdrive as it tries to fight an infection. it must be treated quickly with antibiotics. in the uk, there are a4,000 deaths from the condition each year.
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severe symptoms include slurred speech, passing no urine in a day, extreme shivering and discoloured skin. earlier i spoke to tom ray who contracted sepsis leaving him facially disfigured and a quad amputee. he told me about his experience of the life—threatening condition. i was iwasa i was a 38—year—old husband and father, never had a day sick. very strong. but sepsis caught me very quickly. within about 2k— strong. but sepsis caught me very quickly. within about 2a— 36 hours i went from a normal kind of routine life to the intensive care unit and went into a coma for four months and work up with my arms and legs abdicated and most of my face from
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my eyes downwards also removed. so it was very powerful. why haven't doctors recognised what it was more readily? it's a question that we've often asked and we've done a bit of research into it. i think the problem... there were several problems. one is we live in a rural location and we find it hard to get urgent assistance in —— assistance. an emergency in peterborough we arrived on a friday night and it was very crowded and the symptoms... because i had no medical history of any problems, i was a bit of a mystery case. i was kind of put into a side ward really and they left me until last to work out what was wrong with me and of course one of the other problems was that blood
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tests take... in those days, this was december, 1999, they take several hours to combat with results and by that time once they had the result the news was really that there was no hope for me and they told my wife that i would just die. that was a survivor of sepsis. he is the multimillionaire british song writer whose hits including thinking out loud and a—team. ed sheeran's current hit single, shape of you, has stayed at numberi in the singles chart for a ninth week. and it's just been joined in the top 20 by every other song from his new album divide, because of the number of times they've been downloaded or streamed. it means the 26—year—old has made chart history. speaking to greg james on the radio i chart show earlier this evening, ed sheeran said he was most proud that his record had sold so well
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on vinyl, as well as downloads. i like that it is the biggest in vinyl in the past 30 years. what a week it has been. we needed some interviews at the start of this album campaign and we, in inverse of commerce, come back, you said you we re commerce, come back, you said you were confident about the songs that you had and you knew people would like them. —— inverted commas. did you know it would go that well? no, i knew it was streaming on spotify and things like that, they didn't think this happen ever in my life. ed sheeran, making music history. now it is time for newsnight. tonight it contains images and themes that you may find distressing. tonight, crimes against humanity in burma. an investigation reveals shocking human rights abuses against
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the muslim minority. definite crimes against humanity. committed by the burmese army against the rohingya? yes, by the military, ordered by the police or security forces. its nobel—winning leader has questions to answer. the united nations has accused this country of committing crimes against humanity. you have any response to that? pope francis says he is open to married men joining the catholic priesthood, but are these radical proposals now preventing mutiny from deep within? and — when she was 16 years old, this woman was raped by her then boyfriend. this is the man who raped her. we'll discuss their unique and painfuljourney from violence and betrayal to forgiveness. good evening.
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tonight we begin with extraordinary revelations about human rights abuse in burma. last year, after decades spent under house arrest, the nobel peace prize winner, aung san suu kyi, won an historic election victory to international acclaim. she still shares power with the burmese military — which ruled the country for decades — in what is a very uneasy alliance. tonight, however, newsnight and our world's joint investigation can reveal the extent of the appalling treatment of the minority rohinga muslim community and what seems to be the lack of effort to prevent what the united nations is calling a "crime against humanity". jonah fisher has this report — which contains some shocking images. for the last five months, we've been receiving graphic video from a part of myanmar that is closed to the outside world. the burmese government wants to keep what's happening secret. and what about aung san suu kyi?
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definite crimes against humanity. myanmar‘s democracy icon turned leader? the united nations has accused the country of committing crimes against humanity, do you have any response to that? november 2016, thousands of myanmar‘s rohingya muslim minority are on the move. heading towards the border with bangladesh. they are fleeing a conflict that fled again when this group of rohingya militants attacked police checkpoints —— flared again. killing nine officers, and seizing guns and ammunition. the burmese response was to close the area, and the army began what it called clearance operations. civilians as well as militants have been targeted. unable to reach the conflict area
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in myanmar, we have come next door to bangladesh, to try and work out what's been taking place. there are now more than 70,000 rohingya sheltering in makeshift camps along the border. they have been called the world's most unwanted people. back in myanmar, they are the lowest of the low, denied citizenship and widely seen as illegal immigrants, who belong in bangladesh. this is mohammed. he says he left his village in november, when it was attacked by burmese soldiers, but his elderly father was too frail to flee. his story has been verified. there are helicopters overhead, burning homes and large numbers of burned bodies. all our smartphone footage has been given to us by a group that has been meticulously documenting events and verifying video.
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the government accepts that at least 25 people died here, but have claimed the rohingya have been torching their own released from house arrest national heroine aung san suu kyi had secured a huge election win. 0vernight, decades of brutal military rule came to a remarkably peaceful end. but her freedom and power have their limits. the burmese generals have refused to hand over control of key ministries and the security forces. since october, the united nations and human rights groups have reported hundreds of cases of murder, rain and abduction committed against the rohingya. —— rape. under international pressure to do something, aung san suu kyi set up
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an investigation team. there are no rohingya on it and it's led by this man, the vice president and a former general. its methodology and treatment of victims have been criticised by the united nations. take this encounter between a rohingya woman and one of the investigating officials. she was trying to tell them she saw a group of women being forced into the bushes but soldiers. the office has dismissed much of the testimony from the rohingya as fake and this was broadcast on state tv as proof there had been no rape. we tracked down the woman to a refugee camp in bangladesh. she told us that she had spoken to the investigators
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after being promised she would face no reprisals. she told us she was still recovering from what the soldiers did to her, back in myanmar. blocked, just like us from the conflict area in myanmar, human rights experts have also been speaking to the refugees. at the airport, a united nations envoy told me she was shocked by what she'd heard.
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definite crimes against humanity. committed by the burmese army? by the border guards or the police or the security forces. crimes against humanity is obviously very serious, how much responsibility should myanmar‘s leader, aung san suu kyi, bearfor this? at the end of the day, it is the government, the civilian government that has to answer and respond to these massive cases of horrific torture, and very inhuman crimes, they have committed against their own people. the area where these crimes took place is remote, and under military lockdown. but we can fly to the biggest city in rakhine state,
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sittwe. sittwe used to be a mixed town. with buddhists and rohingya muslims living side by side. when violence erupted in 2012, rohingya were forced from their homes and out of sittwe. now, the once busy central mosque lies abandoned. 0n the streets and in the tea shops it is hard to find anyone with much sympathy for their departed rohingya neighbours. most burmese see them as illegal immigrants. could you see a day when the rohingya will come back here and they will live side by side? what is the solution to the problems here? there is one small community
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of rohingya who refuse to leave sittwe. checkpoints mark the entrance to a muslim ghetto, this is myanmar‘s version of apartheid. almost 4,000 rohingya live here. it is an island in sittwe surrounded on all sides by buddhist homes, the fence and the police keep the two communities apart. at the entrance women by a rohingya community leader. moments later, we had company. who is this guy? police. are you from the police? do you mind leaving us alone? are the secret police always inside the camp?
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really? many what would happen if you went out that gate? beaten by who? every other day there's a list given to the police, and then those people are on the list, are allowed to leave and there is an escort organised, by the police, to protect the rohingya when they go out they don't get attacked. we go to midday prayers. there have been muslims living in rakhine state for centuries. this mosque dates back
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almost 140 years. when sittwe burned five years ago they were among those who stood their ground and refused to leave. were you expecting aung san suu kyi to be more sympathetic to the plight of the rohingya? it's union day and in the town
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the crowds are gathering for a rare chance to see aung san suu kyi. this event is something of a sham, it is celebrating myanmar‘s ethnic diversity but the country has in fact seen decades of war between the army and rebel groups from ethnic minorities. as the event gets under way, aung san suu kyi sits silently with the general, she knows she needs their support if she is to deliver her biggest policy goal. a nationwide peace agreement with all the ethnic minorities, apart from the rohingya.
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since she came to power, all our requests to speak with aung san suu kyi have been rejected. bbc, can ijust ask you a question? the un has accused the country of committing crimes against humanity. do you have any response to that? she doesn't like people putting difficult questions to her. with aung san suu kyi unwilling to talk to us, we arrange to meet one of her oldest political allies. he is the spokesman for the national league nor democracy, aung san suu kyi's party. i asked why she isn't speaking out.
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so you think the criticism which has been levelled against aung san suu kyi, particularly over the treatment of the rohingya in rakhine state, you think that is unfair? it is a serious problem, the un has said maybe crimes against humanity are taking place. the most burmese life in the last few years has certainly changed for the better. but the rohingya are still waiting and their hopes are fading. so far, the price of power for aung san suu kyi has been silence, on the principles, and values that she once held so dear.
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jonah fisher reporting. and you can watch the extended version of that newsnight—0ur world documentary, "freedom and fear in myanmar", this saturday and sunday on the news channel and on the iplayer. pope francis told the german newspaper die zeit today that he is open to married men becoming priests, to combat the dwindling numbers entering the priesthood in isolated communities. it's the latest exhortation from a leader who's shown himself unafraid of revolutionary change and the controversy it brings. many christians welcome his openness, and his willingness to explore new solutions to old problems. but within the vatican establishment there is something akin to the rumblings of mutiny. next week will mark the fourth anniversary of pope francis' election. his papacy injected fresh impetus to a modernisation agenda which has electrified liberal catholics but alarmed conservatives. recently, the rumblings of
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discontent from the traditionalist wing have grown louder. francis wants to give communion to some divorcees who have remarried. his opponents say this undermines the church's teaching on the family. in november, a letter to the pope from four conservative cardinals was made public. it expressed their doubts and concerns and challenged the pope's authority by asking him to clarify his teachings. last month, anonymous posters criticising francis appeared across rome and a spoof front page of the vatican newspaper mocking the pontiff was sent to the city's cardinals. 0pposition from the church's conservative wing might be more of the same for the pope but vatican watchers are speculating that a group of moderate cardinals once loyal to francis are so concerned by the growing schism, there may be soft murmurings of mutiny behind the walls.
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the vatican's powerful secretary of state, cardinal pietro parolin, is mooted as their favourite. he is a veteran diplomat, seen as a safe pair of hands who might chart a more pragmatic path. a big problem for prospective mutineers, there is no obvious way in canon law to force a pope out of office. and with francis' sky—high popularity amongst lay catholics, it's unclear whether so—called moral suasion alone could realistically lead to another ex—pope in the vatican. joseph shaw chairs the latin mass society of england and wales, and has publicly thrown his weight behind the concerned cardinals. thank you forjoining us. there are catholics and non—catholics who believe this pope is one of the best adverts for religion the world has seen for decades. what are your concerns? my concerns and the concerns of many people is the things he has been
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saying, they have been interpreted in different ways in different parts of the world and different ways by bishops handing down guidelines for priests. this means that ordinary lay people and priests do not really know what they are supposed to be doing and the job of the pope is to confirm his brethren in the faith so he is not doing what we would expect him to do, which is to explain to us what the teaching of the church ‘s. what the teaching of the church is. is itjust that he lacks clarity or is this the controversy of some of the things he is suggesting, for example his move today to welcome married men into the priesthood? that sort of thing is much more of the sort of thing that we would expect to be able to handle, those proposals, they might be good or bad and arguments to be made but this is a prudential situation, a matter ofjudgment
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whether that is a good idea and i personally do not think that is a great idea but there is not any theological objection to that... let me ask you, if the pope teaches it, does that become the teaching of the church? do you take that as they handed down judgment from the man you have elected ? it is not as simple as that, they pope can teach things as a private person and you do not have to agree. popejohn paul ii said things about the death penalty, he made it clear that was not the teaching of the church, the teaching of the church in catechism says one thing and what he said in other documents is somewhat different and those are not imposed upon us as catholics as a matter of belief. let me try to understand, you have talked about confusion and concern, how much genuine anger
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is there and is that enough to ferment these rumblings of the need for change? we're talking about different groups of people, on the one hand there are priests at the coal face, unsure of what the church is asking them to do and they are besieged from people from both sides putting pressure on them to do things they are not comfortable with and that is a difficult position for them to be in. 0n the other hand, you have cardinals in the vatican and maybe they have heard about this problem but really they are in a very different position, if they are concerned about the pope, they are concerned about this schism, which means parts of the church stopping to recognise other parts of the church. that is something which is not inconceivable, unfortunately, under german church and other areas of the world, they seem to be going in a very steadfast direction whereas the polish are not
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going in that direction. if they stop talking to each other and stop recognising each other as part of the church, that would be a formal schism. thank you very much forjoining us. a warning that survivors of sexual violence might find the next report disturbing. when she was 16, thordis elva was raped by a man she knew — the man she had at that point considered to be her boyfriend, tom stranger. the ordeal was two hours long, and brutal. it left her physically damaged in the short term and mentally in pieces. her story is — worryingly — not that unusual. in nine out of 10 cases of sexual assault, the perpetrator is known to the woman. in a majority of cases, it is a partner or ex—partner. what is unusual, though, is what happened next. she got back in touch with her rapist eight years later, and began an exchange of emails with him to understand what had motivated the violence and what effect it had had
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on each of them. eventually, they decided to come face—to—face. she travelled from iceland, her home, he from australia, and they met in cape town, where they spent a week together. they wrote a book to chart what they learned, called south of forgiveness. there are both with me, thank you for coming here. why did you get back in touch after something

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