hello and welcome to bbc news. i'm kasia madera. fears are growing for the tens of thousands of civilians trapped in iraq's second city of mosul as government forces try to recapture it from so—called islamic state. 50,000 people have fled the west of the city over the last fortnight alone. the iraqi army is now pushing deeper into the extremists‘ stronghold in the city. 0ur correspondent 0rla guerin and cameraman nico hameon have just sent this report from the latest areas to be taken back from is control. escaping the battleground and the terrors of the caliphate. fleeing western mosul on foot during a lull in the battle. countless numbers are likely to follow, their life reduced to a few bundles. streets, now liberated, but deserted, many didn't leave until the fight came right to their door, like abdul razsack. at 76, forced to leave home
for the first time in his life. he told us a mortar landed nearby, just moments before. his ten—year—old grandson, and name sake, clutching his school bag though his only lessons here were in war. "i'd like to go back to school right this minute", he said. so—called islamic state stopped him going years ago. now back in iraqi hands, for what it's worth, several more neighbourhoods. troops remain watchful. the militants are about a mile away. explosion. they were driven from here just four days ago. this is the engineering department of mosul university.
0n the is curriculum here, only fanatism and death. well, this was a place of learning, it was a source of pride for the people of mosul, and you can see what's become of it. it was also a key strategic location for the so—called islamic state, it gave them high ground to dominate the area. it was heavily defended by uzbec fighters and this is just one of the areas that's going to have to be rebuilt when the battle for mosul is finally over. some uzbec militants are still lying where they fell, no decent burial for those who terrorised a city. nearby, a suicide belt they didn't manage to use. at dusk, iraqi forces gather for the next advance. armoured vehicles give some protection against car bombs, but they won't fit in the narrow streets of the old city. troops move undercover of darkness
and this time on foot. hunting the extremists, who once controlled almost a third of iraq. some of the hardest fighting may be ahead, going house to house and street to street beneath a sky lit only by embers of battle. in the pitch darkness few signs of life, but hundreds of thousands of civilians remain here, running low on food and water. shagri abdullah and herfamily are sheltering in an abandoned house because theirs was destroyed. three of her loved ones are in hospital, victims of a mortar attack. she shows us how they hid when is fighters stormed in
to use them as human shields. "0ne went to the roof", she says, "and he started to shoot. he attacked the army and we escaped from this store. he attacked the army and we escaped from this door. later we found another is still hiding here and they came and shot him in the head." shagri's neighbourhood has been reclaimed from the militants, but her life is changed utterly. "we got our freedom", she says, "but it cost us a lot. i lost my house and my children were injured." her beloved mosul will never recover, she believes, not even in 30 years. what future for a broken city in a fractured nation
even after the extremists are pushed out? there are fears that when iraqis finish fighting is, they may begin fighting each other. 0rla guerin, bbc news, mosul. let's round—up some of the other main stories: president trump has invited the palestinian leader, mahmoud abbas, to the white house. the invitation was made during a phone—call — the first contact between the two leaders since mr trump took office. volkswagen has pleaded guilty in an american court to three criminal charges linked to the diesel emissions scandal. the plea is part of a deal which means the company will pay fines of more than $4.3 billion. stay with us on bbc news — still to come. divide and conquer: with nine songs in the the top 10 —
even ed sheeran says it's time to have a rethink about the charts. a drug addict who crashed a car into a family during a police chase in south london has been sentenced to 12 years in prison. last augustjoshua dobby lost control of a stolen car killing 3a year—old rosie cooper and her 10 year—old nephew makayah mcdermott — and seriously injuring two other children. it emerged in courtjoshua dobby has 53 previous convictions dating back to when he was 13. tom symonds has more. it was a summer's day, the family on their way to the park for ice cream, when this car came skidding off the road, hitting a bollard and lifting it into the air and down on top of three children and their aunt. the aftermath was horrific. little kids screaming, like. there were like 20 guys around this one car, they all lifting the car up and moved the car so everyone
could come out. rozanne cooper and makayah mcdermott stood no chance. he loved sport and acting. she was the mainstay of her family, the court was told. joshua dobby tried to run. the court heard a statement from yahla mcdermott, who'd been trapped under the car. dobby stepped over her in his rush to escape. she's 13 and her legs are badly scarred. her family was disappointed with the 12—year sentence. we came here today to seejustice done, and in the hope that joshua dobby would show remorse and sorrow for killing our beautiful rosie and our wonderful makayah. but he has shown none. they were taken from us with still many years of their lives to live. five days before, kent police had chased dobby at up to 80 miles per hour on open roads,
but it was so risky officers stopped the pursuit. that didn't happen in built—up london, though he was driving at high speed, the wrong way down one—way streets. the independent police complaints commission is now investigating. but the judge said dobby, whose drug addicted life was as out of control as the car, deliberately drove dangerously, hoping the police would give up. it's rare for drivers who kill to be charged with manslaughter, with its maximum life sentence. dobby‘s sentence, 12 years, was reduced because he pleaded guilty. the family of his victims aren't happy, and thatjust shows how complex this area can be forjudges who have to decide the penalties when drivers kill on the roads. tom symonds, bbc news, at the old bailey. firefighters are tackling a fire at a prison in dorset. the blaze apparently began at guys marsh prison when a prisoner got onto the roof and set fire to his clothes. one source says 60 prisoners
have had to be evacuated and are being held in the jail‘s gymnasium. the education secretary, justine greening has been heckled by head teachers at their conference in birmingham, as she defended the government's plans for more grammar schools. her claim the policy would help disadvantaged children was jeered by some delegates. head teachers also warned that budget cuts were forcing schools in england to scrap gcse and a level courses — as our education correspondent gillian hargreaves reports. give me an example, folks, of a receptor... peter woodman of the weald school might be a headteacher, but he still likes to work at the chalk face, teaching science, partly because he enjoys it, but partly because it saves money for the school. he's one of scores of head teachers who wrote to parents, warning of the impacts of cuts. i started with a school of ia50 students with 95 teachers. next year in september i will have 1700 students and 95 teachers. i've been cutting for eight years as it is.
we are at a cliff edge. a poll of more than 1,000 members of the ascl union found that 72% said they had to remove gcse options from the syllabus, while 79% said they have reduced their range of a—level and 82% say class sizes have had to increase. today, thejudd school was tuning to entertain teachers but music, along with german and drama, are common subjects being dropped by schools trying to balance budgets. headteachers are generally a professional bunch, but they did jeer the education secretary when she said there are plans for more grammar schools, at a time when headteachers say there is not enough cash for existing schools. but such is the sensitivity around the issue, we were prevented from filming the speech. but it was caught on a mobile phone. crowdjeer.
after the speech some gave their reactions. after the speech some gave their reaction. it's really annoying to find government constantly saying funding has never been higher. that is true, because we have more students and because of inflation. we have got an 8% cut and we are expected to continue delivering quality. it's absolutely dire, we are having to make cuts to our curriculum and it's untenable, really. the education secretary turned down a request for an interview. the government says £40 billion has been spent on schools this year, the highest cash figure ever and class sizes are the lowest for a decade but teachers maintain that rising pensions, pay and the cost of running buldings mean the money is not enough.
gillian hargreaves, bbc news. the former apprentice contestant and newspaper columnist katie hopkins has had to pay thousands of pounds in damages after libelling a food blogger in a series of tweets. ms hopkins suggested that jack monroe approved of vandalising war memorials, when there was no evidence of it. after the verdict, ms monroe's lawyer said people need to understand that being defamatory on social media is permanent and you can be sued. david sillito reports. jack monroe is a food blogger and campaigner. throughout all of these tasks, i hope i have never trodden on anyone to get to where i've got. oh, you have, you have. oh, i hope i haven't. yes, you have. katie hopkins made her name as an outspoken contestant on the show the apprentice. and she's turned that outspokenness into a career as a columnist with the mail and the sun.
this on refugees provoked outrage. and they met on twitter. this tweet in may 2015 from katie hopkins to jack monroe asked her about scrawling on and vandalising a war memorial. katie hopkins had sent the message to the wrong person. jack monroe asked for an apology and a £5,000 donation to charity. it didn't come. today, jack monroe walked from court, having won her 21—month libel battle. it really struck a nerve and i knew there was going to be a tidal wave coming of hate and abuse and vitriol, and i was right. if it's a simple mistake, people apologise. i've made mistakes on twitter and put my hands up and i say, "i'm sorry, i was out of order, i hope we can move on". if she had done that two years ago we wouldn't be here today. jack monroe says she is relieved rather than pleased. for katie hopkins? two tweets on an evening in may two years ago have proved very expensive. £24,000 in damages and an extra £107,000 for katie hopkins in court costs.
it's not the first time a tweet has led to legal action, but it certainly points out the risks. generally, people are unaware, i think, that they are exposed to libel laws if they do tweet. but this case and others will help make that clearer to people, that when they do post online they are subject to the law like everybody else. a lesson then notjust for katie hopkins but anyone on social media. 0nline comments can be very costly. david sillito, bbc news. this is bbc news — the headlines: thousands of civilians try to flee mosul as iraqi forces reclaim the city block by block, from islamic state militants. a 23—year—old man jailed for killing a boy and his aunt during a police car chase in london, had over 50 previous convictions. bt has bowed to demands to hive off
the part of the business that runs the uk's broadband infrastructure, 0penreach, into an entirely separate company. it's in response to demands by the industry regulator 0fcom and follows accusations that it prioritised its own customers over rivals like sky, talktalk and vodafone. but will the move make any difference to customers in terms of a better service and faster broadband? technology correspondent rory cellan—jones reports. 90% of british homes can now get fast broadband. but in this part of rural arcing show you can't get any connection at all from bt. —— buckingham shah. gary ashworth, who has campaigned get his village connected, says the company and 0penreach are failing britain. they have a semi— monopoly on the market. with a monopoly come certain responsibilities. there should be a
responsibility to connect every house in britain with broadband. it isa house in britain with broadband. it is a necessity. it is part of everyday life now. now, after pressure from 0fcom, bt has agreed to separate from 0penreach, which will have its own boss and board. the regulator had been urged to act by other firms unhappy with the broadband supplier's performance. they, like us as a regulator, have been concerned that 0penreach has not been performing well enough, that broadband has not been good enough, andi that broadband has not been good enough, and i think they see the great independence as a great means for 0penreach to operate with the interests of the whole telecom industry at heart, notjust bt. bt's 0penreach has been criticised for letting down britain's broadband industry. among the charges, it has been accused of investing too little and providing very poor customer service, and divert in profits to other bt priorities like sports rights. now, though, as an independent operation with much of
bt's influence and its logo removed, the hope is that things will improve. bt said a shadow had been lifted from the company and its employees. after all, there had been a threat that it could have been forced to sell off 0penreach. there is no evidence that produces better outcomes for customers. indeed, it often creates instability that undermines investment, and what we need now in the uk is certainty. we need now in the uk is certainty. we need to be able to create the conditions that promote investment and promote service, and this model, i think it allows us to do that. the theory is that 0penreach will now be able to co—operate better with other companies, boosting investment in broadband. but whether that will mean every home in britain gets a connection remains to be seen. the british racing driver, john surtees — the only man to have won formula one and motorcycle world championships — has died. he was 83. andy swiss looks back at his life. hot favourite after wins in 1958 and
59, number three, john surtees, hot favourite after wins in 1958 and 59, numberthree, john surtees, on the mv four, rocketing away from my coat. he was a natural racer, skilful and determined. just as fast on two wheels as he later became on four. it is ferrari, john surtees, number seven, going like a bomb and eventually leading to ten cars still in the race. encouraged by his father, a motorcycle dealer and former sidecar champion, young john one his first race at the age of 17. with british motorbikes dominating racing, his future looks secure with norton. but they refused to back him for the 1956 season, so he went to italy tojoin mv for the 1956 season, so he went to italy to join mv ever start. between 1956 and 1960, john surtees dominated the 350 cc and 500 cc classes. the master has done it again. winning seven world championships. john surtees is the
hero with a double in the first classic meeting of the year. on his way to win his six tt and his first successive senior tt... way to win his six tt and his first successive senior tt. .. he became the first man to win the senior isle of man tt three years running. is this your life's ambition now achieved? not really, i suppose. i don't set out with definite ambitions. i just try don't set out with definite ambitions. ijust try and do my best, whatever i do. he ambitions. ijust try and do my best, whateverl do. he switched ambitions. ijust try and do my best, whatever i do. he switched to ca i’s best, whatever i do. he switched to cars full—time in 1961, driving a cooper. 0nce cars full—time in 1961, driving a cooper. once again, he had to go to italy to find success. this time with ferrari. the second place in mexico clinched the 1964 world championship. a year later, he almost died when his lalor crashed in practice in canada. flown back to london, he eventually made a full recovery. i am not attaching too much importance to this, although i think it is important that in time i
do sort of managed to fit in the four movements. his last grand prix victory was at monza in 1967. single—minded and deeply committed, his talent won him a unique place in motor racing history. his talent won him a unique place in motor racing historylj his talent won him a unique place in motor racing history. i think by the timei motor racing history. i think by the time i was retiring, i still hadn't probably reached my absolute peak. but i achieved my main ambitions, because the most important thing i have to do in life is not satisfy other people, satisfy myself. john surtees, who's died at the age of 83. news about the recent outbreaks of ebola in west africa has centred on its devastating impact on humans. but gorilla populations are known to have suffered from the disease for some time. a third of the world's gorillas have been killed by ebola in the last 30 years. researchers from cambridge university now want to immunise gorillas in the wild.
0ur science correspondent rebecca morelle has more. in the african forests, an animal at risk of vanishing forever. gorillas already face many threats, from poaching to habitat loss, but perhaps the most worrying is ebola. the deadly disease is thought to have wiped out many thousands of these great apes. now a vaccine could be the answer. so we put it on the sides of the nose and they got under the tongue. this scientist has carried out a small trial on captive chimps, the last before biomedical research on these animals was banned in the us. he found a vaccine protected them against the virus and now he wants to use it on gorillas in the wild. ebola and other diseases are a huge threat. if these were our children, we vaccinate our children, right? we vaccinate our pets. we vaccinate domestic livestock. we vaccinate wildlife in the developed world. why aren't we vaccinating our closest relatives in africa? the deadly toll of ebola in humans is all too well—known. the 2013 outbreak in west africa killed more than 11,000 people.
now, though, there's an effective human vaccine. ebola in humans and gorillas is closely linked, the virus can cross between species. some argue that gorillas should now be immunised, too. gorillas are one of our relatives and saving them from extinction is now a number one priority for conservationists and an ebola vaccine does offer some much needed hope, but there could be significant risks. finding a method to get a dose of the vaccine into every gorilla would be difficult. there's also a risk that it could harm the animals, instead of helping them. we, as great ape conservationists, are concerned about any unintended impacts on the health of the target apes, such as introduction of a disease that might spread amongst the intended population that we're trying to protect. the future of these animals is hanging in the balance. the forests are currently free
of ebola, but it's inevitable it will strike again. conservationists need to decide whether the risk of vaccinating or not vaccinating is one they're willing to take. rebecca morelle, bbc news. if you're not an ed sheeran fan, then it's probably not worth tuning into the official chart show on bbc radio 1. the singer—songwriter has got a staggering nine songs in this week's top 10 and 16 in the top 20. and even he's thinking there should perhaps be a rethink about the way the charts are compiled. here's our arts editor will gompertz. ed sheeran, singing "shape of you", now in its ninth week at number one on the uk's official chart, which, as of today, is dominated by the 26—year—old singer—songwriter from suffolk. in an unprecedented one—man takeover of the singles chart, all 16 tracks from his new album, divide, are in the top 20.
let's be clear, ed sheeran would have had a storming week whatever system the official chart company used. the big difference now is not how many people buy a single by download or in physicalform, but how many people listen to it through streaming services, such as spotify and apple music, which also goes towards his chart position, by using this formula: 150 streams of a track equals one sale. so this week, ed sheeran had 110 million streams of tracks from his new album, which, divided by 150, represents 733,000 sales, plus 164,000 downloads, and that was enough to give him 16 songs in the official top 20. i don't know if there's some weird things that spotify and apple music are going to have to change now with streaming, but i never expected to have nine songs in the top ten ever in my life, so i don't know.
something's gone wrong. but i am very, very happy about it. so he think something has gone wrong with the singles chart system. i wonder, does the man responsible for compiling it agree? the charts have changed dramatically in the last five or ten years, as we have incorporated downloads, and we have also incorporated streaming now, and we are constantly reviewing the way that we count those different ways of consuming, and we will continue to do so. the question and concern for the music industry is whether this is a one—off week or the shape of things to come, because the singles chart, historically, has been a platform to promote a variety of new music, notjust one album. if that does become the case, the chart risks becoming irrelevant,
and, quite possibly, redundant. will gompertz, bbc news. well, they do say you should never work with children and animals. a south korean expert, professor robert kelly, certainly added weight to at least half that argument. during a live interview on bbc world news he manfully soldiered on despite a couple of unexpected and energetic intruders. scandals happens all the time, the question is how democracy deals with those scandals. what will it mean for the wider region? i think one of your childrenjust walked in. do you see it as shifting sands in the region? rlations may change? i would be surprised if they do. pardon me. my apologies... what is it going to mean for the region?
my apologies. sorry. south korea's policy towards north korea has been severely limited in the last... me and many other people out there love watching that, that is absolutely crazy online. now the weather with stav danaos. a pretty quiet weather story into the weekend and the start of next week. it will be pretty mild. many places will be dry. saturday looks like the driest day of the weekend for most places and that's because england and wales are close to the high pressure. a weather front slowly makes inroads on saturday morning across northern ireland and scotland. most of the rain will be light and patchy, but there could be the odd heavy burst. elsewhere it will be dry, some mist and murk and hill fog. these are the temperatures, 8—11. outbreaks of rain and this will eventually clear through much of scotland, lingering in the northern isles and the north—east, leaving a legacy of cloud and a few spots of drizzle and mist and murk.
the same for northern ireland. the bulk of england and wales, it should be a dry start. a lot of cloud around. a bit of brightness to begin the morning across the south. temperatures about 9—11 degrees. that's an improving picture across southern and south—eastern areas through the day. a bit of dry air off the near continent, so cloud should break up and we have sunny spells. that will boost temperatures. further north, a bit of brightness in scotland and northern ireland. the central slice will have the weakening weather front. double—figure values, up to 17 degrees in the south—east. the weather looks fine for the six nations rugby at home and in italy, with sunshine and temperatures of 15—16 degrees in rome and at home. south we see the change. the weather front moves in from the west, strengthening the rain. turning wet in england and wales. a damp end to the night. sunday morning, it looks like it will be mild. outbreaks of rain, low
cloud and mist and murk. sunday looks more wet for many places, especially england and wales. brightening skies further west for northern ireland and western scotland. a couple of showers around. a little bit cooler and fresher. 10—11 degrees. maybe as high as 12—13 in the south—east. the wet weather eventually clears on sunday night and into monday and tuesday. high pressure builds, so it will be fine and there should be dry weather around, but also a lot of cloud. you could see some rain getting to northern ireland and scotland on tuesday. quite a benign picture into next week. it will stay mild for many. where the sunshine breaks through, it will feel very mild. the latest headlines from bbc news.