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tv   Click  BBC News  May 14, 2017 12:30pm-1:01pm BST

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made the man who made that warning is rob wainwright, the director of europol. thank you forjoining us. tell us what you now know and what has emerged about the scale of the attack? it is fast spreading, there isa attack? it is fast spreading, there is a unique characteristic of this ra nsomwa re is a unique characteristic of this ransomware attack, we are used to add europol seeing how ransomware has become a major problem, but we never saw something on this scale. that is because ransomware itself has been combined with one application that allows for the infection of one computed —— to quickly spread to other computers which is why we have seen these numbers increasing all the time. across different sectors across the world, i think the numbers are going up. we have seen a slowdown in the infection rate on friday night after a temporary fix around it. it has been overcome by a second variation that the criminals have released. so numbers are going up. you are worried about people going
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into work tomorrow morning after the weekend and turning on their computers and there is the virus. that is a concern because the attack was launched on friday, deliberately to attack companies. nevertheless, computers may have been left on at the weekend and the infection may be worming its way across different networks. some companies that have not patched what they should have done, they better make sure they have done that before people turn up on monday. on friday it appeared to be an attack on the nhs, but you are saying it is a much broader attack on a huge number of organisations and businesses? essentially an indiscriminate attack across the world on multiple industries and services. we saw the german rail network, the telecoms operator in spain, fedex in america, the russian
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interior ministry, right across the world and indiscriminate in nature, but preying on some sectors like the nhs because they are especially vulnerable. they are very often on legacy it systems that are not up—to—date and the criminal knows they can exercise a point of below—average by holding health sectors to ransom. the implications are much more serious. it is a massive reminder to sectors right across the world that cyber security should be a top line, executive priority and you need to do something to protect yourselves. you talk about the criminals behind us. do you have any way of hunting them down? at europol we are do you have any way of hunting them down? at europolwe are running a task force with a number of investigators around the world like the fda, the national crime agency, working with them to get a better
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handle on this and it is alive investigation. we are analysing the malware investigation. we are analysing the malwa re samples and investigation. we are analysing the malware samples and checking the financial flows from any of the ransoms that have been paid, a remarkably low number so far. the amount of profit so far generated by this global impact is very low. we are looking across that with our partners in the world to try and get a better handle on it. it is extraordinary the scale of this attack. is it the biggest attack of its kind so far? certainly for ransomware which has become the number one cyber threat in the last few years, but nothing on this scale. there have been many other cyber crime operations. last week we announced an operation with the fbi against child exploitation. it is symptomatic of the fact that cyber enabled crime has become a huge part of the cyber criminal industry and symptomatic of the fact that as governments and private sectors we
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have to take it as a top line, strategic priority. a top line, strategic priority. a top line, strategic priority, but what more apart from increasing security around your own computers, can be done to stop this happening? what more can be done by you guys at europol example? we are helping police agencies around the world to investigate the cyber criminals. last year we ran an excellent prevention campaign with over 70 partners from the private sector and the police world giving free decryption to this. thousands of people have gone to our website and downloaded it to sort the problem out. when we get to the bottom of this one we will add it to that campaign. prevention is about raising awareness and going after the bad guys in a very difficult environment like the internet and sending out the message to the industry is concerned, take this as
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an important, top—level, strategic responsibility. going after the bad guys, responsibility. going after the bad guys, you say it is the crime of the future. it is a very difficult kind of crime to fight. it is the crime of crime to fight. it is the crime of the era now, notjust the of crime to fight. it is the crime of the era now, not just the future. we have seen how the internet has propagated a different kind of criminaland propagated a different kind of criminal and indeed terrorist activity. but we are well structured to deal with it. the national crime agency for example, in the uk, and we are running at task for his style arrangement at europol tonight a global defence and it is a tough fight. cyber security costs money. it is ok if you are a reasonably affluent business, but if you do not have a lot of money to spare it is difficult to have the right resources to fight this. there are minimum levels of investment required, that is true, but a large proportion of the cyber criminal
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problem we have is down to poor digital hygiene by the users, by individuals and companies as well. if you get the basics right, that is 7596 if you get the basics right, that is 75% of the problem fixed. this is partly about a state of mind and leadership state of mind to make sure we have very clear, sometimes simple, frameworks in place, to take ca re of simple, frameworks in place, to take care of the basics and beyond that working with law enforcement and other agency partners to protect people from advanced cyber effects. thank you very much, i know you are busy with plenty of work to do. rob wainwright from europol, thank you for being with us. let's get more on oui’ for being with us. let's get more on our main news this afternoon, the new president of france. emmanuel macron has been sworn into office. speaking at the elysee palace he said he would give the french people the confidence to believe in themselves and the country was on themselves and the country was on the brink of a great renaissance.
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translation: the world and europe today more than ever need france. they need a strong france, sure of its own destiny. they need a france which raises high the voice of liberty and solidarity. they need a france which knows how to invent the future. the world needs what the french people, men and women, the daring of freedom, the requirements of equality and a will for fraternity. and for decades now france has devoted itself in its cultural and social model and its deep beliefs it has doubts of what it is made of. that is why there will be two demands in my mandate. the first will be to give to the french people this confidence in themselves which for too long has been weakened.
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i can reassure you i have not for a moment thought that things would stay as they were on the 7th of may in the evening. no, it will be slow work, demanding but indispensable. it will be my role to convince the french people, men and women, that our country, which today seems to be in difficulty with the sometimes contrary currents of the world, that they will use all its resources to be among the first of nations. i will convince our citizens that the power of france is not declining, that we are on the edge of a great renaissance because in our hands we have all the assets which make and will make the great powers of the 21st—century. emmanuel macron in his inauguration
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speech this morning. just hearing some news on the general election from the shadow chancellorjohn mcdonnell who has confirmed as part of labour's pay cap proposal, british aerospace's chief executive would have to take a pay cut of £7 million or would lose all its government defence contracts. that is part of labour's manifesto commitment, that under a future labour government they would cap the pay of executives on companies awarded any government contracts we re awarded any government contracts were paid exceeds the ratio of 20—1, based on the company average. the shadow chancellorjohn mcdonnell saying the british aerospace chief executive would have to take a pay cut of 7 million or lose all the government's contract. a train has derailed in northern greece, killing at least four people and injuring five more. pictures from the town of adendro showed smashed carriages, including one which hit a house. the train came off the rails
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as it was travelling between athens and greece's second—largest city, thessaloniki. sarah corker reports. pa rt part of the express train ended up lodged in the ground floor of a house next to the tracks with the carriages toppled onto the sides, smashing windows. five in total derailed during the incident in northern greece. 12 fire crews were involved in the rescue operation which continued through the night. the train was heading from athens to thessaloniki in the north were it derailed near the town, 23 miles from its destination. among the injured is the driver who is in a critical condition, the rail company said. dramatic photographs showed the scale of the damage, the carriages ripped through overhead ca bles carriages ripped through overhead cables and this is where the engine finished its journey. 0ne cables and this is where the engine finished itsjourney. one man said he managed to jump finished itsjourney. one man said he managed tojump off a balcony just before the train hit the house. most of the 100 passengers were
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evacuated within three hours. it is still not clear what caused the train to come off the tracks. north korea has carried out another ballistic missile test, four days after a new president took office in the south. the us military has confirmed a missile was launched near north—western kusong which flew more than 400 miles, before landing in the sea ofjapan. south korea's president, moon jae—in who campaigned on a platform of better engagement with the north condemned the test as a reckless provocation. he wasjoined in his condemnation by the japanese prime minister, shinzo abe. translation: once again north korea has launched a ballistic missile despite strong warnings from the international community. this is unacceptable. we strongly protest. these repeated north korean missile launchers are great threat to our nation and a clear breach of the united nations security council resolution. 0ur correspondent steve evans —
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who's in the south korean capital — gave us more details about the launch. north korea is now conducting missile tests about once every two 01’ missile tests about once every two or three weeks. the previous two word does, but this one clearly was not. if the japanese defence ministry is getting it right and this missile reached an altitude of 2000 kilometres, it marks a big improvement in north korean technology. that would mean it is getting close to having an intercontinental ballistic missile, something that president trump said would not happen. the condemnation has been pretty routine, the same words from seoul and tokyo. president trump and the white house has also condemned the test. there has also condemned the test. there has been talk of negotiation recently. president trump said he would be proud to meet kimjong—un if the conditions were right. in
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north korean diplomat said talks might happen if the conditions were right. another missile test indicates that the conditions are not right yet. stephen evans reporting from the south korean capital seoul. much more news coming up, south korean capital seoul. much more news coming up, but now it is time for click. energy, as our demand for it grows, the world is faced with a challenge. when we burn coal, the energy that has been stored inside formally when we burn coal, the energy that
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has been stored inside for millions of years is released, to power cities and machines. but so, of course, is all the bad stuff that is polluting and changing the environment. countries have met and agreed to reduce carbon emissions and invest in clean energy solutions, we are harnessing more solar and wind energy than ever, and last month the uk had its first day of electricity supply without burning any coal. but, green power is still a long way from taking over from fossil fuels. but what if there was a clean energy source that could release 10 million times more energy than fossil fuels, with an almost limitless supply which could keep the planet running for millions of years. well, turns out, there is, and the answer lies in the stars. in the heart of the sun, under intense pressure and heat, hydrogen atoms change from gas into superhot plasma, and in this burning soup, they fuse together forming helium,
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and releasing immense amounts of energy. this is nuclearfusion, and this is what scientists have been trying for more than 60 years to recreate down here on earth. we have to do something similar to a star, which has gravity, and to do that, we use magnetic field, and we're talking about magnetic fields that create more pressure than the water pressure at the bottom of the deepest ocean. so you've got this huge pressure trying to compress the plasma, and you've got to hold it in place for a very long time as well, to get more energy out than you put in. if you can keep the superhot plasma in place for long enough, the energy released can keep everything hot, without the need for external power. the fusion then becomes self—sustaining, that's when the magic happens.
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that's also the hard bit. we are making progress, though, we have already achieved fusion, and some of the best fusion happens inside machines called tokamaks. what is a tokamak? this is a tokamak. now this one is just outside 0xford, which turns out to be a bit of an epicentre for fusion technology. the world's largest tokamak is just 15 minutes up that way. there is a problem with these machines, and that is that you end up having to put much more energy into these things than you ever get out through fusion. which is obviously not ideal. but the company here is taking a different route. this is the lab of tokamak energy which is developing relatively small tokamaks, small prototypes can be tested and improved much quicker and more cheaply as the science is understood and the design is refined.
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this approach means the team may be the first to work out how to produce a net gain of energy. go on then, fire it up. my word! that is a fusion reaction! inside here, we are generating plasma, which is gas with electricity flowing through it, we are going to fuse atoms together, join them together, generate fusion energy. and this light show isn't even fusion, this isjust a warm up for the next stage which it is hoped will happen in the next year. and then what we're going to do is heat it up to over 10 million degrees, up towards 100 million degrees... what will that look like? we won't be able to keep our face this close! because it would get damaged. we will have to be further away outside some sort of concrete barrier. but it will actually start to go transparent, as the plasma gets really hot, ten times the temperature of the sun, 100 times
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the temperature of the sun. once they have achieved the temperatures, they need to keep the plasma in place long enough for it to become self—sustaining, and this is what the team hopes will create magnetic fields that are strong enough to do that. instead of thick copper cables, a strip of super—thin superconductor made of itrium barium copper oxide. all this sounds hopeful, but the joke is that nuclear fusion has always been 30 years away. if successful, it will mean the end of our reliance on fossil fuels but there are still a lot of science to do between now and then. it could be a fantastic source of energy, likely to be the most important source of energy in the 22nd century. the point is, we need it now, and so we want to make faster progress towards this energy. it is one of the biggest
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fund—raising events of the year. nearly 40,000 people ran this year's london marathon and wealth funds are still being counted, organisers are hopeful they will smash last year's record of £59 million raised. 0nline fundraising platforms now play a big role in attracting more donations, pushing the charities' causes across to users while also enabling them to give money with just one click. justgiving, one of the biggest players, raised just under £350 million last year. this is a figure that charities may not have been able to raise without these sites but these donations are also big business. justgiving takes up to 5% commission, others, like globalgiving, take up to 15%. they say the fees cover operational costs and innovations to ultimately raise more for charities. but for charities, this commission
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is money that is not going towards their causes. the majority of our funding comes from individualfundraisers, one of our runners is currently on £1500, the commission on that is going to be about £100. and on the ground, that translates into care for ten kids that could have received top to toe checkup, hiv testing, atv testing. could have received a top to toe checkup, hiv testing, atv testing. and be insured their health and well—being. it makes a huge difference. starfish is a small charity which helps vulnerable children in south africa, who are affected by hiv and poverty, and a lot of its money goes into running a mobile health clinic. in the uk, the charity big kid helps vulnerable young people in south london to gain leadership skills. both organisations have been experimenting with kind link, a site which promises to give charities although collected charities all their collected
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donations and will not make its money from commissions. i went to meet its founder, iskren kulev, who traded in corporate life and set up a home office, just south of the thames. kindlink didn't start as a company, kindlink started as an idea to be a social enterprise/ charity which helps charities. it is all about transparency, he wanted to create a platform where charities would post updates. the biggest problem of the charities is how they communicate with their donors. and do the donors trust were the money is going? about 70% of donors say they would donate more if there was transparency with donation. they have also added a feature to show people how much money the charity has received and how much it has spent. how has your background in financial tech helped you to put this together and also to work the system a bit, because it is all about making money, it is about making money now not for businesses but for this? it is always a matter of negotiation, is that the same?
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it is always a matter of negotiation, i would say. i will go firstly through volume it's important, how you present volumes to your providers. when i know where they can make a compromise, i can try to come up with a deal which would work for both of us. and so far it is proving successful, with more than 170 charities signed up. for big kid, it's able to spend more money on its programs, like this one, which trains young people to be football coaches. it has helped me, definitely, especially with school and stuff like that, in school, i wasn't a good kid, you understand. how does kind link cover its costs? well, instead of taking commission from donors, it plans to take the money from businesses, they have developed this platform for companies to build a profile for themselves showcasing
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the good causes they support while building the brand name. the companies will be charged a monthly fee. i think it is quite fitting that they have set themselves up just across the river from canary wharf, where the financial industry makes its billions. i think it takes a certain kind of person to give all that up and come over here and work for charities. that, and a small canoe! hello, and welcome to the week in tech. it was the week that microsoft released an urgent software update after discovering a flaw in the windows operating system. the bug could give hackers access, by simply sending an e—mail, which didn't even need to be opened. a 16—year—old's tweet about chicken nuggets became the most retweeted ever. a us plane arrived after being top secret. having landed at the kennedy space centre, all that the pentagon declared about the air force's
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robotic mini space shuttle is that it was performing risk reduction, experimentation and concept of operations development. intriguing! and, finally, hollywood quality animation comes to the masses. 0k, well, not quite... the smartsuit pro with camera free motion tracking system costs a fraction of the pro kit, but at $2,500 it could prove game changing for independent movie—makers and game designers. that's it for the short version of click this week. the full version is up on iplayer for you to watch right now. next week will be rather epic, so find time for that. follow us on twitter and facebook throughout the week if you would be so kind. thanks for watching and see you soon! good morning. many of us had some
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rainfor good morning. many of us had some rain for the gardens, not a lot, but enough overnight to dampen the ground. it has been clearing away from the east. we have got a scattering of showers, but some dry and sunny weather as well. this was cheshire at eight o'clock this morning. at that stage the rain was just about hanging around in east anglia in norfolk. it will linger its longest over the north east of scotland, but behind that there is an abundance of sunshine following. the best of the sunshine will be in the afternoon. but we have got those shower starting to develop on the western side of ireland and there
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could be some thunder in those heavier showers in highland scotland and the grampians. but in between there will be plenty of sunshine and it will be a brighter day on the north sea coasts of scotland. the highs should be 16—20d in a few spots. some showers in the south—west peninsula towards wiltshire and gloucestershire. 0ne 01’ wiltshire and gloucestershire. 0ne or two wiltshire and gloucestershire. 0ne ortwo in wiltshire and gloucestershire. 0ne or two in wales and the midlands, but an awful lot of drier weather. but it is strong sunshine, so bear that in mind if you are out for a long walk perhaps or playing some sport. it will be a pleasant evening for most of us and it will turn chilly quite quickly, but that should not last. the temperatures will lift ahead of the next band of rain, so it is a relatively mild night as we head into the monday morning rush. but northern ireland and wales will have to content with
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some pretty wet weather and there is afair some pretty wet weather and there is a fair breeze blowing as well. for parts of south—west scotland, cumbria and north wales we are looking at a couple of inches of rain falling through monday and monday night. not that much rain in southern and eastern areas. it is warm, but it will be cloudy. that low pressure driving in that weather system is with us on tuesday as well and still with us on wednesday. 0n wednesday it looks particularly wet in southern and eastern parts of the country. more on the website. the international cyber attack, which hit the nhs on friday, has affected 200,000 people in at least 150 countries, according to the head of the eu's police agency. europol‘s director rob wainwright spoke of an escalating threat and said he feared the number hit would grow when people return to work on monday morning. five nhs trusts remain affected by the cyber attack.
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here's our technology correspondent, theo leggett. operations cancelled and appointments delayed, friday's
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