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tv   Our World  BBC News  June 17, 2017 4:30am-5:01am BST

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coast of japan. the uss fitzgerald has suffered extensive damage but is heading for the nearby port of yokosuka under its own power. cuba has said it's willing to continue cooperating with the united states to improve relations but said any attempts to impose political and economical change would fail. earlier, president trump announced that he was reversing agreements signed by the obama administration. there've been angry demonstrations in london calling forjustice for the victims of the grenfell tower fire with some protesters demanding the resignation of the prime minister. the number of people known to have died in the fire has risen to at least 30, but it's expected the final total will be higher. now on bbc news, our world. a wise glamorous image as a picture postcard paradise belies
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a deep social malaise. we've the highest per capita rate of homelessness in the country, which is ironic because we have some of the greatest concentrations of wealth as well. i think it could be a tempest building up and that pressure, we can't allow to explode. a surge in homelessness is pushing the system to breaking point, exposing an ugly social divide in the aloha state. i think we're one of the stronger communities as far as getting together and saying we don't want the homeless in our neighbourhood and we need to be strong and vocal and try to do whatever we can to keep them out. you can't have a civil society where it's ok for someone to defecate in front of burberry's and wipe their ass on the corner of the building.
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i'm sorry, all right, it doesn't work. with authorities cracking down on homeless camps, there's growing disquiet about criminalising the poor and vulnerable. you know, we are living in our cultural rights. some tell us different. you know, some tell us that we're living wrong, but i don't think so. as the crisis worsens, a remarkable group of women are forging ahead with their own solution. before you leave this place, i will make sure that i changed your mind about homeless and houseless people. in just a few years, hawaii has been caught up in a crisis of homelessness. thousands live rough on beaches, in parks and on streets, their lives mired in
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poverty and trauma. authorities are struggling to contain the spread. can we cover that for you, please? go to hell. if you won't give me water, get out of my face. to say that we were caught off guard may be only part of the story. we were, to a degree, but also we saw an incredible surge, just in the last few years. it's why it's become our biggest issue. i'd say it's attracted more attention, at least from my perspective, than any other issue in the last 20 years here in hawaii. it's very expensive to live in hawaii.
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in most cases, people have to work two jobs to pay their rent or to buy a house. so it's always been expensive, but then when there was a surge in costs because there's been an inventory shortage, we saw it become impossible for some middle—class people to afford housing and they became homeless. so that was another big problem. now you had poverty, increased cost of living, methamphetamine addiction. there was a wave of drug addiction which really fries people's brains and that makes it impossible to function in normal society, and a lot of those people end up on the street. about a fifth of hawaii's homeless population have recently moved here from the mainland. attracted by the idea that life is easier in the island state, they often discover a different reality. in honolulu, filthy hovels inside stormwater drains and under motorways have sparked
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panicked alarms over public health and safety. as elsewhere in the united states, here, the average life expectancy for a homeless individual is just 51 years old. my name is nick grube, i'm a reporter with honolulu civil beat, and we are an investigative news outlet based in honolulu, hawaii. i've walked this street several times before, a few years ago. it's just continued to grow to where now, as you can see, we're walking through the middle of the street right now because the sidewalks are covered in people's homes. basically, the city is looking at including this street in its sit—lie ban which would mean that all of this will have to go, but the question is — where will the people go?
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and that's what the city's been struggling with for years. now they're going to have to pack up and move on, or have their belongings taken. the idea is, is that if you've been disrupted, it will make you uncomfortable enough to maybe, perhaps, make better decisions about your life and accept the help that's being offered, because there is a great deal of help being offered. the sit and lie laws are controversial, with critics claiming that they criminalise the homeless. it was along waikiki beach that the city first introduced its sit and lie crackdown after hotels and other businesses loudly complained that the homeless
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camps were spooking tourists. a lot of people have ideological and emotional blinders on that really distorts their common sense. if you kiss on the tourist industry, there's a huge economic cost that will create more poverty and will reduce the tax base which, by the way, homeless services are dependent upon. we might even find some here today. even though they've cleared out, they come back. we've got a chair left over. layne goodall says she's on a mission to keep her community clean and safe. we have laws in hawaii that state
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it's illegal to live on the streets. and we have this state of lawlessness right now. here we have some graffiti here now. with the help of other local residents, she patrols the streets of hawaii kai, looking for any signs of the homeless. so again, you see the post—it sign there now for private property. as soon as you see one tent go up, the community needs to call the police, call the city, call the state and get them taken away. once you have one tent, then two tents, then you're outnumbered. when homeless camps began springing up in local parks and bushland, residents began worrying about property values and the risk of brush fires engulfing their million—dollar homes. the knife, and he plunges after this
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man... like many locals in hawaii kai, lane views the island's homelessness as a lifestyle choice. a lot of the people here are one—way tickets from the mainland. word of mouth is kind of spreading and people on cell phones and social media now — a lot of the homeless people have facebook pages. and so, you've got this underground movement of the homeless and the squatters and the freeloaders, but everybody needs to contribute. you can't have society where you just have one factor that just takes and takes and takes. hawaii's homeless explosion isn't confined to its urban centre. one of the biggest reasons we did this today was because this bridge is actually a flood zone and it rains a lot in hawaii. so when the water comes down, we don't want people to get hurt. there was a house here, a dwelling. yeah. there was a dwelling. we can see that. most of the people here have already left and the rest scramble to gather their belongings and leave to avoid trouble with the police.
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so you see it going all the way out to the water and then you see the trails there as well. yeah. there's maybe about five or six camp sites. spreading out into the nearby mangroves, this camp was extensive and several young families were living here. for young homeless outreach workers like casey, who try to get families shelter, it's a difficult challenge. it's really hard, especially because these kids go to school and their classmates know that they're, you know, going home to no homes. none of those caught up in today's sweep seem interested in outside help. do you want to stay with these friendly folks? no, i'm fine. 0k, we'll see you later then, minus the bike. that's not yours. minus the bike? yeah. homeless is not illegal. it's not against the law to be homeless. yeah.
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so we can't arrest people for no apparent reason. yeah. hi, i'm heather. what's your name? bobby. nice to meet you. it gotinfected and i went to the doctor, and the doctor put me in the hospital for one week. oh, my. my name is heather, i'm the community outreach rn at ihs. 0k, thank you. 0k, you're welcome. i could not believe that these people were walking, talking and functioning, eating and able to walk about with these horrendous wounds. wounds that we never saw really in school or in the hospital because they're really big and infected and abscesses, and all kinds of crazy stuff. the homeless are the people that have the least political cloud, —— the homeless are the people that have the least political clout so they get forgotten too often, until the system begins to crash. are you having any pain right now?
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just a headache. 0k. we are going to get you into the room and do a physical exam, 0k? i think the biggest frustration is that you are a physician who really wants to see their patients get better. it is to see that revolving door. it is like this horrific groundhog day of sorts. that occurs every two weeks with these individuals, because they just are not able to access or have those determinants of help with their social care, to be squirrelled away once they leave our four walls and they suffer, they fail and they come back, battered and beaten and broken. and at death's door. and we start over again. queen's medical centre is on the front line of hawaii's explosion in homelessness.
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seeing hundreds of patients every week. some of them costing more than $1 million a year each in medical care. what do you do when you got some individuals who are struggling greatly, who need our compassionate support, but who also are threatening the entire health economy of our state? in order to get to the heart of an explosive problem, you need a new model of solution. my model is a new model. as a practising emergency room doctor, senatorjosh green understands the grave health risks of homelessness and he is proposing a radical solution. this is going to be the first time that we are going to have a hybrid programme, that is both seamless and integrated. treat homelessness as a medical condition and allow doctors to prescribe housing for the homeless, paid for by federal medical funds. the idea is simple.
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get people into homes and save billions of dollars. these resources are already in the budget. the medicaid budget. but it totally flips how we use them, so we can actually avail ourselves of a lot of housing very quickly. if we do not, we will see the problem grow. they could get much worse if we do not have a game—changer. while prescribing housing could be a game—changer, the average price of a home in hawaii is around us$700,000 making affordability a major hurdle. amidst hawaii's housing crunch, there is a growing push to recognise alternative communities. hello, my name is twinkle borge and i am the leader here.
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the name means refugee, people of the land, the caretakers. how you live is who you are, that is how i feel. the recyclables, put it away where it belongs. and the rubbish. feed the cat. come and get this rubbish. this is no ordinary homeless encampment. anyone who comes to live here must sign a contract to agree to the rules. amongst them, every resident must contribute eight hours a week to community service. this is our community service. each section will have their areas to concentrate on, to rebuild,
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fix up. so like, they have decided to put fences in, as a community, go and help strengthen your walls and what not. if rubbish needs to be put out, you will see our vehicles coming in to collect the rubbish. the encampment is built from tarpaulins, tent poles and recycled goods, but there is little protection from the elements. so we usually use these palettes for rebuilding your flooring, to keep your tent off the ground. so when it rains or anything you're not in the water. when you do get high tide here, you notice the ocean, this water can come as far as that tree. so these palettes play a big roll here. what have you got there?
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baby chicken. this cohesive community is remarkably organised, divided into different sections, each led by a captain. most of them are women. my real name is rose. i am one of the leaders out here. we use maternal instincts. all the women here have that. and when it comes to the little ones, it's automatic. we automatically protect the little ones. our children, our safety, our rules, everything is based upon the safety of our children. with the safety of the children paramount, there are stringent rules and a three strikes and you're out system. this is the donation card, we have a donation thing. twinkle's adopted son, adam, helps to enforce them. if you steal it is an automatic out. so, especially if it is around here. or if it's out there and it comes in here,
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you're automatically out, completely. i will come back, twinkle will let me know, she will give me the papers of the violations, i will go and read it to them and they will sign it. and then if it happens two more times, we get three chances, right on the third chance, i come in and i kick you right out. my name is adam, i am twinkle's son. she has been my inspiration for a long time. i don't even need to be living like this. like, in an encampment. i can go straight into a home, but i choose not to. i choose to stay here because i love the people and i love how things work here. it's inspiring. the resilience of this remarkable community is admirable. the only electricity is from those lucky enough to own and fuel a generator and the nearest toilets are hundreds of metres away in a local park.
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the biggest concern is water. with water pipes cut off to the camp, residents need to fill bottles and cart them from a camp at the nearby marina. it is one of the many daily chores that keeps this place going. how come the hawaiians are struggling here? you know, this is our land. you came here, you took our land from us and left us like that. just an hour's drive from honolulu, the reality of life for these hawaiians is vastly different to the one that mainland tourists enjoy. twinkle became homeless 14 years ago. creating this community has been a long struggle. i came out here in october of 2003.
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i was working two full—time jobs. but i fell in love with someone who i thought would neverfool around on me and i became so depressed. i had all this money that was saved, everything, to find out that this person wiped me out of my money and everything. twinkle firmly believes that home is where the heart is. for me, homeless is someone who lives in a van, who has no home. but i live in a tent, that is my home. i have had tour groups that come in and many times i straightout tell them, before you leave this place, i will make sure that i change your mind about homeless and how homeless people that live out in the elements as we do. and many times i have.
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they are amazed at what the people do here. they are amazed because once they pass these double poles, they feel that rush. it's that certain angle. buoyed by the success of their community, twinkle and her team captains have big plans for the future. the community wants the right to lease the land where they live and to build more durable homes with solar power and proper sanitation. they also want fences and security cameras to keep them safe. but the camps future is far from guaranteed. behind closed doors, there is an ongoing discussion between those who want it dismantled and its residents put into shelters and those who want it recognised and preserved. basically, we're just
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homeless in our own homes, that is how i feel. many locals regard the camp as an eyesore and a perceived magnet for crime. amidst concerns that it is growing too big. so far, despite twinkle's pleas, hawaii's governor has held back from making any commitment to letting them stay. i believe we have over 500 and i said we cannot afford more than 500 here. we can fit maybe 300 comfortably, but we usally stay under the radar of 300. twinkle says she will do what it takes to save her community, but she is confident that she can convince her detractors. we have a little squabble, i am not looking at it as a huge fight. i don't know why they are afraid of working with us. as hawaii grapples with its homeless crisis, there is also a sense
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of hope that enterprising solutions can be found to alleviate the pressure. twinkle believes her camp could serve as a model for other houseless communities across the islands. she says it is not only time for new ideas, but a new mindset as well. this is reality, you know? if they want to learn more about the situation and come up with a solution, come and sit down with us. because the answer lies here, not there. not in their office, not in their books, here. hello there.
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we have got some very warm weather indeed coming up over the next few days, with the high—pressure firmly in charge of our weather. that's going to bring very warm, if not hot, weather to most of the british isles. it will turn increasingly humid as we go on through the weekend, but it is going to be mainly sunny for most of us. the reason for this warm or hot weather is a jetstream has built this area of high pressure and the high tends to concentrate hot air near the earth's surface. these are the kinds of temperatures that you might see across western europe as we go on through the next couple of days. perhaps as high as 46 degrees across parts of iberia, unpleasantly hot weather here. well into the 30s for france and even here in the uk we should see temperatures peaking at 30 degrees or so as we head into the weekend. the hottest weather we have seen so far this year. it's going to be a warm start to the day. these are the kinds of temperatures you might see as you are heading outside first thing in the morning. there will be plenty of sunshine,
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but i think quite a bit of cloud to start he day across the hills of wales and northern england. it should be quite thin so should clear quite quickly and then the sunshine will come out. weather fronts across far north—west of scotland will continue to bring some thicker cloud here. and it's here where we will have the coolest weather with outbreaks of rain on and off. just 15 degrees in stornoway. a brisk south—westerly wind. not the warmest of weather. away from that north—west corner, the rest of scotland enjoying some sunshine. northern ireland looking fine, with temperatures heading into the mid—20s. but it's across england and wales that we'll see temperatures fairly widely getting up well into the 20s. 28 degrees or so in london and the south—east. pushing into the 80s in terms of fahrenheit. but, as well as those relatively clear skies, a bit of fairweather cloud bubbling up. there will be some very high levels of uv. so it's one of those days you might want to take the sun cream if you're out and about for any length of time. through saturday evening and overnight, after such a hot day, temperatures will be slow to fall. quite an uncomfortable night for sleeping once again. overnight lows no lower than 19 degrees in the centre of town.
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there could be a few fog patches staring to develop around the irish sea coast. here's a picture then through sunday, a repeat for many of us although perhaps a little bit more in the way of cloud moving into the north—west. the best of the sunshine, again, england and wales, eastern parts of northern ireland and eastern parts of scotland. if anything those temperatures will get a little bit higher with temperatures peaking at 30 degrees celsius, making it the hottest day of the year so far. the heat is still with us on into monday as well. temperatures could reach 32 degrees early in the new week. it starts to get a little bit cooler across north—western areas as we get into tuesday. along with those cooler conditions, it will turn cloudier. this is bbc news. our top stories: angry protests in london as residents demand justice for the victims of the grenfell tower fire and support for the survivors left homeless. we are sent from hospital to hospital, to shelters,
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why is there no community help for family members why? —— why is there no community help for family members, why? why do we have to go there and actively look for them? a us navy destroyer is seriously damaged in a collision off the coast of japan. at least seven crew members are missing. consternation in cuba — havana says it won't be forced into making political changes, despite president trump announcing tougher policies towards it. and keith palmer, the policeman who died confronting the westminster
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